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1.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0251937, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506505

RESUMO

Pine wilt disease (PWD) is a devastating disease affecting trees belonging to the genus Pinus. To control the spread of PWD in the Masson pine forest in China, PWD resistant Masson pine clones have been selected by the Anhui Academy of Forestry. However, because Masson pine is a difficult-to-root species, producing seedlings is challenging, especially from trees older than 5 years of age, which impedes the application of PWD resistant clones. In this study, we investigated the factors affecting rooting of PWD resistant clones and established a cheap, reliable, and simple method that promotes rooting. We tested the effects of three management methods, four substrates, two cutting materials, two cutting treatments, and three collection times on the rooting of cuttings obtained from 9-year-old PWD resistant clones. Rooting was observed only in stem cuttings treated with the full-light automatic spray management method. Additionally, stem cuttings showed a significantly higher rooting rate and root quality than needles cuttings. Compared with other substrates, stem cuttings planted in perlite produced the longest adventitious root and the highest total root length and lateral root number. Moreover, stem cuttings of PWD resistant clones collected in May showed a significantly higher rooting rate and root quality than those collected in June and July. Moreover, stem cuttings prepared with a horizontal cut while retaining the needles showed significantly higher rooting rate and root quality than those prepared with a diagonal cut while partly removing the needles. This study promotes the reproduction of seedlings of PWD-resistant Masson pine clones which helps control the spread of PWD, meanwhile, provides a technical reference for the propagation of mature pine trees via cuttings.

2.
BMC Public Health ; 15: 921, 2015 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26386951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the rising standard of living environment and advances in public health and medical care in China, it has been a tendency in recent years that health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been increasingly acknowledged in community health management. However, large-scale population-based study on evaluating HQRoL in northeast of China was not conducted. This article aims to investigate the HRQoL in community residents in Northeast China and explore the associated factors. METHODS: Stratified multiple-stage sampling method was used in the cross-sectional survey to investigate HRQoL of community residents in northeast of China. Univariate analysis and multiple linear regressions were used to analyze the factors associated to HRQoL of the community residents. RESULTS: The results were confirmed that HRQoL in general population was well performed for the first time in northeast of China in a large scale population. Community residents had better mental health than physical health. The factors influencing HRQoL included gender, age, educational level, marital status, ethnic group, chronic disease status, having breakfast frequency weekly and sleep quality. However, drinking and smoking habits did not affect residents' HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the result of the large-scale survey was satisfactory in northeast of China, providing HRQoL status of community residents. Policies on specific health management in community public health would emphasize on lifestyle behaviors especially eating habits in order to improving HRQoL.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int J Cancer ; 125(12): 2936-44, 2009 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19521963

RESUMO

There has been conflicting evidence concerning the possible association between tuberculosis (TB) and subsequent risk of lung cancer. To investigate whether currently published epidemiological studies can clarify this association, we performed a systematic review of 37 case-control and 4 cohort studies (published between January 1966 and January 2009) and a meta-analysis of risk estimates, with particular attention to the role of smoking, passive smoking and the timing of diagnosis of TB on this relationship. Data for the review show a significantly increased lung cancer risk associated with preexisting TB. Importantly, the association was not due to confounding by the effects of tobacco use (RR=1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.4-2.2, among never smoking individuals), lifetime environmental tobacco smoke exposure (RR=2.9, 95%CI=1.6-5.3, after controlling) or the timing of diagnosis of TB (the increased lung cancer risk remained 2-fold elevated for more than 20 years after TB diagnosis). Interestingly, the association was significant with adenocarcinoma (RR=1.6, 95%CI=1.2-2.1), but no significant associations with squamous and small cell type of lung cancer were observed. Although no causal mechanism has been demonstrated for such an association, present study supports a direct relation between TB and lung cancer, especially adenocarcinomas.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
4.
Biomed Mater ; 2(2): 102-6, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18458442

RESUMO

This paper reports two methods of synthesis for 1,2,4-trimethoxy-5-(1-methyl-2-phenyl-vinyl)-benzene, which was a key intermediate to synthesize the various Lamellarins. One method is by using the Wittig-Horner reaction and another is by the Grignard reaction. By conducting contrast experiments, we got the optimal reaction parameters for high yields. The newly formed intermediate was identified by means of IR spectrum, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR and melting point measurements.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Cumarínicos/química , Teste de Materiais , Temperatura de Transição
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