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1.
Food Chem ; 315: 126318, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035317

RESUMO

To better understand the contribution of myosin light chain (MLC) isoforms to sensory defects in Jinhua ham, dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) activities, peptide fragments, cleavage sites and the potential of DPP to develop sensory defects of dry-cured ham were evaluated and discussed in normal and defective hams. Higher residual activities of DPP I were found in defective ham compared with normal ham; approximate 3-fold peptide fragments were identified in defective ham than in normal ham. These regions of positions 11-35 and 116-141 in MLC 1, 13-53 and 139-156 in MLC 2, and 18-50 in MLC 3 contributed to the intense generation of peptide fragments in defective ham. PLS-DA further revealed DPP I showing intense response to degrade peptides. Cleavage sites including Glu-128, Tyr-132 and Glu-133 were responsible for the intense release of dipeptides in defective ham. These cleavages could play key role in discriminating taste attributes between defective and normal hams.

2.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 191: 105691, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines paid little attention to a unique severe disease about intracranial hematoma owing to aneurysm rupture. We attempted to explore the predictive factors for prognosis in these poor patient population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-one aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage combined with intracerebral hematoma patients discharged between 2013 and 2016 were reviewed in this retrospective study. Unfavorable outcome was defined as a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 3, 4, 5, or 6 at 6 months. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association of unfavorable outcome with preoperative and postoperative clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Of 121 patients with intact follow-up data, 34 (28.10 %) had an unfavorable prognosis. The preoperative prognostic model included patients' age, respiratory rate, Hunt-Hess scale, red cell distribution width, and serum sodium at admission. The postoperative prognostic model included patients' age, respiratory rate, red cell distribution width, serum sodium, postoperative delayed cerebral ischemia, and pulmonary infection. Both preoperative and postoperative prognostic models had excellent discrimination with Area Under The Curve (AUC) of 0.864 (P < .001) and 0.898 (P < .001), respectively. CONCLUSION: In clinical practice, we should pay more attention to those old patients with worse admission Hunt-Hess score, presenting deep-slow respiratory and lower serum sodium. Reduction of postoperative delayed cerebral ischemia and pulmonary infection might improve outcomes after aneurysmal SAH with intracerebral hematoma.

3.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 130: 109801, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Numerous corrective methods have been successfully applied in concha-type microtia reconstruction over the past several decades, and autogenous rib cartilage grafting has become a routine technique in a two or three-stage operation. However, it still remains a challenge due to the effective use of the large volume of the remnant cartilage and skin involved. The objective of this study was to clarify how this remnant cartilage and skin could be manipulated for new suitable treatment strategies without autogenous costal cartilage grafting. METHODS: A total of 424 patients with concha-type microtia operated at our Center from January of 2012 to June of 2019 have been reviewed and analyzed cases. At the same time, a classification system for grading the severity of concha-type microtia was created on the basis of anatomical findings and ear size. RESULTS: A total of 436 ear cases (involving 424 patients), showing concha-type microtia, were included in our study and reviewed through medical records, photographs, analysis of surgical methods, and postoperative outcomes. The concha-type microtia were classified into four graded types: Grade I (n = 151), Grade II (n = 101), Grade III (n = 93), and Grade IV (n = 79). A total of 352 ears in 345 patients with Grade I to III concha-type microtia were followed up for 1 month to 7 years (average, 14.7 months). 329 patients (95.4%) were satisfied with the aesthetic outcomes of the corrected ear. CONCLUSIONS: Individual corrective methods and aesthetic outcomes for patients with Grade I to III of deformity were described in this study. The authors present new suitable approaches according to a progressive classification system which provide conservative and individualized methods of treatment in early stages of life.

4.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(11): 7166-7185, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mechanism by which CCNB1 regulates the cell cycle progression and its prognostic function in non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are necessary to be further elucidated. METHODS: Data retrieved from gene expression omnibus (GEO) and cancer genome atlas (TCGA) combined with clinical data were used. Survival analysis was conducted in public datasets. Proteomics and co-immunoprecipation assays were designed to unravel proteins with interaction with CCNB1. Short hairpin RNA and small interfering RNA as well as overexpressing genes of interest were used. RESULTS: CCNB1 was not implicated in apoptosis, migration and invasion of NSCLC cells. After either knockdown or overexpression of CCNB1, the occurrence of cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase, fewer cloning formation and diminished dimension of xenograft tumors were observed. CCNB1 expression level was clinically associated with several clinicopathological parameters including gender, smoking, T stage and N stage. Survival analysis showed that the higher level of CCNB1, the more dismal outcome in overall survival as well as in disease-free survival. Mechanistically, we confirmed that the role of CCNB1 on cell cycle and cloning formation was dependent on UBA52, which was able to promote degradation of CCNB1; nevertheless, this consequence relied on APC11. Knockdown of APC11 led to cell cycle arrest in G2/M and less cloning formation even in the presence of overexpressed UBA52. Following upregulation of APC11, the protein of CCNB1 degraded with resultant cell cycle progression and more cloning formation. CONCLUSION: Degradation of CCNB1 by APC11 via UBA52 ubiquitylation was critical in cell cycle progression and proliferation of NSCLC cell lines.

5.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(6): 4575-4582, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807147

RESUMO

Objective measurement is important for diagnosing congenital or acquired auricular abnormalities and the evaluation of therapeutic efficacy. However, methods applied in the past were mostly inaccurate and unreliable. The present study aimed to introduce five standardized indices for auricle measurement and present a highly precise and reliable methodology combining three-dimensional (3D) scanning techniques and the Materialise Mimics software for the evaluation of auricle sizes. A total of 20 normal ears were measured independently by four surgeons using the standardized digital method with 3D scanning technique and the traditional manual method. Parameters of the auricle, including the length and width, arc length, cranioauricular height and angle were measured using the Mimics software. Paired t-test, Wilcoxon signed rank test and intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) were performed on the data to assess the precision, uniformity and observer independence of the method. Pearson's product moment correlation was calculated to assess the correlation between auricle length and width in addition to the correlation between cranioauricular height and angle. No significant differences were indicated between measurements of five auricular parameters made by two surgeons using the digital method. However, significant differences were found using the manual method (P<0.01). ICC values derived from digital measurements ranged from 0.901 to 0.987, whereas those derived from manual measurements ranged from 0.526 to 0.807. These results suggested that the standardized digital method was replicable and reliable compared with the traditional manual method. Pearson's coefficient analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between cranioauricular height and angle (P<0.05), but no correlations were found between the height and width of the auricle (P>0.05). Taken together, data from the present study suggested that measurements of the length and width, arch length, and cranioauricular height and angle of auricles using the standardized digital method combining 3D scanning with the Mimics software were comprehensive, precise, convenient, repeatable and reliable.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17670, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725609

RESUMO

This study aims to identify predictive factors related to clinical outcome, reoperation, and complications in patients with brain abscess.Patients with a diagnosis of brain abscess at discharge at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine between 2008 and 2018 were reviewed. Logistic regression was used to identify predictive factors associated with Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at discharge, GOS at 1 year after discharge, reoperation and complications.Among 183 patients enrolled into the study, 142 patients had a good outcome at discharge (GOS ≥ 4) and 41 had a poor outcome (GOS ≤ 3). During the follow-up period, 20 additional patients had a good outcome. A total of 156 patients were treated by open craniotomy excision (n = 72) and aspiration (n = 84), 10 of whom underwent reoperation. Complications in surgical patients for brain abscess occurred in 54 patients. Poor outcome was related to Glasgow coma scale (P = .007) and ventricular proximity (P = .001). Surgical method was associated with reoperation (P = .04) and complications (P < .001). Seizure at admission was related to epilepsy (P < .001). Surgical method was related to postoperative intracranial hemorrhage (P = .02).Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and ventricular proximity were associated with poor outcome. Further, patients who underwent aspiration were more likely to experience reoperation, while open craniotomy excision (OCE) was related to complications. Patients presenting seizure at admission were more likely to develop epilepsy. Patients who underwent OCE tended to experience postoperative intracranial hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Abscesso Encefálico/cirurgia , Escala de Resultado de Glasgow , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Abscesso Encefálico/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Craniotomia/métodos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(9): 625-31, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different frequencies of electroacupuncture (EA) on motor function and expression of autophagy-related proteins microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3), etc. in spinal cord injury (SCI) rats, so as to reveal its underlying mechanisms and provide a reference for clinical application. METHODS: A total of 100 male SD rats were randomly divided into sham control, model, 2 Hz-EA, 100 Hz-EA and 2 Hz/100 Hz-EA groups(n=20 in each group). EA (2 Hz, 100 Hz or 2 Hz/100 Hz, 0.4-0.5-0.6 mA increased by 0.1 mA every10 min) was applied to "HuatuoJiaji" (EX-HN1, T9 and T11) for 30 min, once a day for 7 days. The rat's hindlimb motor function was assessed by using Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan(BBB) locomotor rating scale, inclined plane test and plantar imprinting test, separately. The histological changes and neuronal apoptosis of the spinal cord tissue were observed by Fluoro-Jade B (FJB) and Nissl staining, respectively. The expression of LC3, Beclin 1 and cleaved Caspase-3 proteins in the spinal cord was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: After modeling, the BBB scores and the angles of inclined plane on day 1, 3 and 7 were significantly decreased (P<0.001), and the number of FJB positive cells, and the expression levels of Beclin 1 and cleaved Caspase-3 proteins were considerably increased in the model group compared with the sham control group (P<0.001, P<0.05). After EA intervention, the BBB score and the angles of inclined plate on day 3 in the 2 Hz/100 Hz-EA group (rather than in the 2 Hz- and 100 Hz-EA groups), the BBB score and the angles of inclined plate on day 7 in both 2 Hz/100 Hz and 100 Hz-EA groups(rather than in the 2 Hz-EA group), and the expression levels of Beclin 1 and LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ in both 2 Hz/100 Hz and 100 Hz-EA groups (rather than in the 2 Hz-EA group) on day 7 were obviously increased (P<0.001, P<0.01, P<0.05), while the number of FJB-positive neurons in the 3 EA groups, and the expression of cleaved Caspase-3 protein in both 2 Hz/100 Hz and 100 Hz-EA groups and the LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ in the 2 Hz-EA group were obviously decreased relevant to the model group (P<0.001, P<0.05). The expression of Beclin 1 in the 100 Hz-EA group was obviously decreased relevant to the 2 Hz/100 Hz-EA group (P<0.05) .Nissl staining displayed appearance of cavities and fuzzy shape of Nissl bodies with light coloration in the injured spinal cord of model group, which was milder in both 2 Hz/100 Hz-EA and 100 Hz-EA groups. Plantar imprinting tests showed dragging gait prints in the model group due to disability in movement, and relatively distinct foot imprints in both 2 Hz/100 Hz and 100 Hz-EA groups. CONCLUSION: Both 100 Hz and 2 Hz/100 Hz-EA can effectively promote the recovery of hindlimb locomotor function of SCI rats, which may be related to its function in promoting autophagy of damaged nerve cells and in reducing neuronal apoptosis.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Proteína Beclina-1 , Membro Posterior , Masculino , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(18)2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500401

RESUMO

Ethanol extract of Bletilla striata has remarkable anti-inflammatory and anti-pulmonary fibrosis activities in the rat silicosis model. However, its active substances and molecular mechanism are still unclear. To uncover the active ingredients and potential molecular mechanism of the Bletilla striata extract, the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophage inflammation model and phospho antibody array were used. Coelonin, a dihydrophenanthrene compound was isolated and identified. It significantly inhibited LPS-induced interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression at 2.5 µg/mL. The microarray data indicate that the phosphorylation levels of 32 proteins in the coelonin pre-treated group were significantly down-regulated. In particular, the phosphorylation levels of the key inflammatory regulators factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) were significantly reduced, and the negative regulator phosphatase and tensin homologue on chromosome ten (PTEN) was reduced. Moreover, the phosphorylation level of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27Kip1), another downstream molecule regulated by PTEN was also reduced significantly. Western blot and confocal microscopy results confirmed that coelonin inhibited LPS-induced PTEN phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner, then inhibited NF-κB activation and p27Kip1 degradation by regulating the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases/ v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (PI3K/AKT) pathway negatively. However, PTEN inhibitor co-treatment analysis indicated that the inhibition of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α expression by coelonin was independent of PTEN, whereas the inhibition of p27Kip1 degradation resulted in cell-cycle arrest in the G1 phase, which was dependent on PTEN. The anti-inflammatory activity of coelonin in vivo, which is one of the main active ingredients of Bletilla striata, deserves further study.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411056

RESUMO

Aims: Cysteine persulfidation (also called sulfhydration or sulfuration) has emerged as a potential redox mechanism to regulate protein functions and diverse biological processes in hydrogen sulfide (H2S) signaling. Due to its intrinsically unstable nature, working with this modification has proven to be challenging. Although methodological progress has expanded the inventory of persulfidated proteins, there is a continued need to develop methods that can directly and unequivocally identify persulfidated cysteine residues in complex proteomes. Results: A quantitative chemoproteomic method termed as low-pH quantitative thiol reactivity profiling (QTRP) was developed to enable direct site-specific mapping and reactivity profiling of proteomic persulfides and thiols in parallel. The method was first applied to cell lysates treated with NaHS, resulting in the identification of overall 1547 persulfidated sites on 994 proteins. Structural analysis uncovered unique consensus motifs that might define this distinct type of modification. Moreover, the method was extended to profile endogenous protein persulfides in cells expressing H2S-generating enzyme, mouse tissues, and human serum, which led to additional insights into mechanistic, structural, and functional features of persulfidation events, particularly on human serum albumin. Innovation and Conclusion: Low-pH QTRP represents the first method that enables direct and unbiased proteomic mapping of cysteine persulfidation. Our method allows to generate the most comprehensive inventory of persulfidated targets of NaHS so far and to perform the first analysis of in vivo persulfidation events, providing a valuable tool to dissect the biological functions of this important modification. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 00, 000-000.

10.
Food Chem ; 297: 125012, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253295

RESUMO

To obtain better understanding of the formation mechanisms of bitterness and adhesiveness, protease activities, proteolysis index and protein degradation were investigated among raw, normal and defective hams. Normal and defective hams both showed a decrease in cathepsin B and B + L activities compared with raw ham, while higher residual activities were observed in defective ham. Approximate 1.2-fold values of proteolysis index were observed in defective ham than in normal ham, indicating that cathepsin B and B + L activities were key contributors in degrading muscle proteins of dry-cured ham. 322 proteins were identified by label-free proteomics, and 49 down-regulated proteins were found in the comparison between normal and defective hams. Creatine kinase, myosin, α-actinin and troponin-T showed the most intense response to bitterness and adhesiveness of dry-cured ham, confirmed by partial least squares regression analysis. Myosin could be a suitable biomarker to monitor bitterness and adhesiveness of dry-cured ham.


Assuntos
Produtos da Carne/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Paladar/fisiologia , Adesividade , Animais , Catepsina B/metabolismo , Catepsina L/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise por Conglomerados , Regulação para Baixo , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Proteínas/análise , Proteólise , Suínos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Troponina T/análise
11.
Food Chem ; 293: 103-111, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151589

RESUMO

Defects with textures and flavors are a common problem, causing many economic losses in the dry-cured ham industry. To obtain a better understanding of the defects of dry-cured ham, texture, protein denaturation, protein structure, and water distribution of normal and defective hams were investigated. Compared with normal ham, more than 1.5-fold values in adhesiveness and bitterness, and less than 0.8-fold values in hardness were found in defective ham. The intense denaturation of sarcoplasmic proteins and actin, and the dramatic transformation of α-helix to ß-sheet were the key modification of proteins; a high proportion (92.39%) of immobile water contributed to the excessive softness and adhesiveness of defective hams. Furthermore, high denaturation of proteins could accelerate the degradation of proteins, which further developed the bitterness and adhesiveness of defective hams. Partial least squares regression demonstrated that the discrepancies in protein denaturation, protein structure and water distribution were related with bitterness and adhesiveness of Jinhua ham.


Assuntos
Produtos da Carne/análise , Proteínas/química , Água/química , Adesividade , Animais , Análise de Componente Principal , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Desnaturação Proteica , Suínos , Paladar
12.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(6): e689, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is an effective therapy for end-stage liver diseases and acute liver failure. After the operation, however, recipients may suffer grafts loss induced by alloimmune reaction, which is termed as acute allograft rejection. The interaction between costimulatory molecules, CD276, and its ligand, TREML2, promotes T cell-mediated immune response, as well as acute or chronic allograft rejection. Our research aimed at correlating genetic polymorphisms of CD276/TREML2 with acute rejection, and evaluating its prognostic value of acute rejection after liver transplantation. METHODS: The study enrolled a total of 388 recipients. Among them, acute allograft rejection was observed in 54 cases. We performed single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping of CD276, including rs11072431, rs11574495, rs12593558, rs12594627, rs2127015, rs3816661 and rs7176654, and TREML2, including rs4714431, rs6915083, rs7754593, and rs9394767 from preoperative peripheral blood genome DNA. RESULTS: We found rs2127015 of CD276, rs6915083 and rs7754593 of TREML2, and HBV infection as well were associated with acute rejection. And, rs2127015 influences CD276 expression. Moreover, we established a risk assessment model, composited by statistically proved risk factors. CONCLUSION: By integrating both clinical and genetic variables, liver transplant recipients can be categorized into different risk groups, and might benefit from individualized therapies.

13.
Theranostics ; 9(9): 2475-2488, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131048

RESUMO

Serum and plasma contain abundant biological information that reflect the body's physiological and pathological conditions and are therefore a valuable sample type for disease biomarkers. However, comprehensive profiling of the serological proteome is challenging due to the wide range of protein concentrations in serum. Methods: To address this challenge, we developed a novel in-depth serum proteomics platform capable of analyzing the serum proteome across ~10 orders or magnitude by combining data obtained from Data Independent Acquisition Mass Spectrometry (DIA-MS) and customizable antibody microarrays. Results: Using psoriasis as a proof-of-concept disease model, we screened 50 serum proteomes from healthy controls and psoriasis patients before and after treatment with traditional Chinese medicine (YinXieLing) on our in-depth serum proteomics platform. We identified 106 differentially-expressed proteins in psoriasis patients involved in psoriasis-relevant biological processes, such as blood coagulation, inflammation, apoptosis and angiogenesis signaling pathways. In addition, unbiased clustering and principle component analysis revealed 58 proteins discriminating healthy volunteers from psoriasis patients and 12 proteins distinguishing responders from non-responders to YinXieLing. To further demonstrate the clinical utility of our platform, we performed correlation analyses between serum proteomes and psoriasis activity and found a positive association between the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score with three serum proteins (PI3, CCL22, IL-12B). Conclusion: Taken together, these results demonstrate the clinical utility of our in-depth serum proteomics platform to identify specific diagnostic and predictive biomarkers of psoriasis and other immune-mediated diseases.

14.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(5): 601-605, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090355

RESUMO

Objective: To preliminarily investigate morghological changes of rabbits reshaping ear cartilage assisted by microdissection needle and explore feasibility of new therapy for ear deformity. Methods: The bilateral ears of 5 male New Zealand rabbits (aged, 5-6 months) were fixed maintaining the curvature and randomly divided into 2 groups (5 ears in each group). The ears were stimulated by microdissection needle in experimental group and were not treated with stimulation in control group. The skin reaction in the experimental group was observed immediately and at 4 weeks after stimulation. Then, the fixtures were removed at 4 weeks, and the shapes of the ears were observed. The cartilages were harvested from the ears to examined morphological changes after HE staining, and measured the chondrocyte layer thickness. Results: All rabbits survived until the end of the experiment. The skin has healed completely after 4 weeks in experimental group. After removing fixtures, the ears in the two groups all maintained certain forms momentarily; while 24 hours later, the ears in the control group mostly recovered original form, and the ears in the experimental group still maintained certain molding form until 8 weeks. HE staining showed there were smooth cartilage and uniform distribution of cells in the control group; the matrix staining was basically consistent; and the skin was normal appearance with epidermis, dermis, and cartilage of normal aspect. But the proliferation of chondrocyte with more layers of cells were observed in the experimental group. In addition, there were degeneration and injury of cartilage cells and connective tissue with necrotic cells and inflammatory cells at needle insertion sites. The chondrocyte layer thickness was (385.714±2.027) µm in the control group and (1 594.732±1.872) µm in the experimental group, there was significant difference between the two groups ( t=-759.059, P=0.000). Conclusion: Rabbit ear cartilage can be effectively reshaped by microdissection needle. Proliferation of chondrocyte and changes in matrix can be found during the reshaping process.


Assuntos
Cartilagem da Orelha , Microdissecção , Animais , Condrócitos , Derme , Masculino , Agulhas , Coelhos
16.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1871: 413-420, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30276751

RESUMO

As one of the most important posttranslational modifications, glycosylation plays critical roles in protein folding, trafficking, cell differentiation, immune recognition, etc. The alteration of glycosylation is closely associated with the pathological processes during and after caner development, and thus holds great value in cancer detection. In this chapter, we describe a protocol on the glycosylation profiling of tumor marker in plasma using bead-based immunoassay with CA125 as a model, including bead coupling, coupling control, glycosylation assay, as well as the plasma screening for breast cancer patients. This protocol can be used to profile the glycosylation of protein markers in clinical plasma or serum samples for different human cancers.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Glicoproteínas/sangue , Imunoensaio/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoensaio/normas , Lectinas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(1): e28-e32, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30444766

RESUMO

Autogenous rib cartilage graft procedure for microtia reconstruction has been adopted as the most standardized current method. But calcification would make it difficult for cartilage harvesting and ear framework sculpting. The objective of this study was to explore the rate, degree, and pattern of rib cartilage calcification in microtia and to guide rib cartilage harvesting and the optimal timing of auricular reconstruction. A retrospective study was performed with the imaging data from 320 consecutive patients who received a preoperative 3-dimensional chest computed tomography (CT). Overall, calcification rate of cartilages in female patients was higher than male's (P < 0.05). In 6 to 15 years group, calcification rates of male and female had a similar rate, while female's were higher than male's in other 3 groups. Furthermore, the moderate-to-severe calcification rate was higher in female than in male patients (P < 0.001). Therefore, girls who are over 15 years should be paid more attention regarding the possibility of moderate-to-severe calcification; these patients should take CT examinations if necessary. Calcification rate of the youngest group (6-15 years) was the lowest of all groups, while other 3 groups showed no statistical significance (P > 0.05). So merely the age increasing is not the contradiction for cartilage harvesting, as long as the authors effectively evaluate the condition of rib cartilage before operation. Rib cartilages serve as the key material in auricular framework sculpting and determine the feasibility and outcomes of the surgery. So CT examinations for preoperative evaluation of rib cartilage could be a useful method for planning microtia reconstruction.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Microtia Congênita/cirurgia , Cartilagem Costal/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem Costal/transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Autoenxertos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
18.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 142(6): 892e-903e, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30489530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microtia is a congenital anomaly of the external ear that can appear in isolation or in association with other congenital anomalies. In this study, the authors identify the prevalence and phenotypes of associated congenital malformations in patients with microtia in a Chinese specialty clinic population. METHODS: Data were collected from 672 patients seen between December of 2014 and February of 2016 in the Department of Auricular Reconstruction at the Plastic Surgery Hospital of Peking Union Medical College. All patients were examined by trained clinicians and classified into one of three grades of microtia. Co-occurring congenital anomalies were detected and recorded. RESULTS: The majority of study participants were male patients (72 percent), and most participants had unilateral microtia (93 percent, 68 percent of whom had right-side microtia). Two hundred ninety-three patients (44 percent) had one or more associated anomalies. The most commonly occurring comorbid malformations were those of the ear, face, and neck (40 percent of all associated malformations); musculoskeletal system (35 percent); and cardiovascular system (11 percent). CONCLUSIONS: These data represent the first detailed and thematic study of microtia and associated congenital anomalies in a Chinese clinical population. Substantial clinical heterogeneity was observed, and the prevalence of comorbid congenital malformations was high. Future studies investigating congenital anomalies associated with microtia are needed to improve understanding of its cause.


Assuntos
Microtia Congênita/etnologia , Anormalidades Múltiplas/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/etnologia , Humanos , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/etnologia , Masculino , Anormalidades Maxilofaciais/etnologia , Anormalidades do Sistema Respiratório/etnologia , Tórax/anormalidades
19.
J Proteome Res ; 17(9): 3237-3245, 2018 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30114910

RESUMO

Antibody reagents have been remained as a standard approach to characterize blood group (BG) antigens in clinic. The specificity and cross-reactivity of these BG antibodies are routine detected using the gel microcolumn assay (GMA). However, the GMA is neither specific nor sensitive, thus increasing the risk of improperly matched RBC transfusions. In this work, we describe a bead-based RBC membrane antigen array to detect BG antibody-antigen binding with ∼700-fold higher sensitivity and dynamic range than the GMA. RBC membrane antigen arrays were fabricated using fragmented RBC membranes highly enriched in BG panel antigens. The arrays were then used to screen the interactions of 15 BG reagents to three antigen panels. The majority of the antibody reactions (i.e., 86.7%; 39/45) aligned with those obtained with the GMA. The six cross-reactive, nonspecific antibody reactions identified only by our arrays (i.e., 13.3%; 6/45) were confirmed by agglutination inhibition and genotyping assays. These results demonstrate that our RBC membrane antigen array has great potential in screening BG antibodies and improving the safety of RBC transfusions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/química , Antígenos/imunologia , Tipagem e Reações Cruzadas Sanguíneas/métodos , Membrana Eritrocítica/imunologia , Análise Serial de Proteínas/métodos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Anticorpos/metabolismo , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Antígenos/química , Antígenos/classificação , Tipagem e Reações Cruzadas Sanguíneas/instrumentação , Reações Cruzadas , Membrana Eritrocítica/química , Humanos , Análise Serial de Proteínas/instrumentação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Taiwan J Ophthalmol ; 8(2): 60-66, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30038883

RESUMO

Neovascular glaucoma (NVG), which is refractory to both medical management and surgical intervention, is a disastrous ocular disease for it always ends up with intolerable pain and extinguishing patients' residual visual function. Since insufficient acknowledge of the pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms of NVG, it has been laying a challenging dilemma of managing NVG in clinical practice for a long time. Along with the progression on some new agents and surgical options targeting certain possible roles in the NVG process, there seems having been some new sights but still much unknown and to be revealed. This review discusses the underlying etiologic diseases of NVG, molecular findings and characteristics of its pathogenic process, as well as the management of NVG in detail. In addition, here represents some of our hypothesis regarding the interesting findings about NVG in clinical practice, aiming to provide some new enlightenment for future research.

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