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1.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413583

RESUMO

The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from cooking oil fumes are very complex and do harm to humans and the environment. Herein, we develop the high-efficiency and energy-saving synergistic photothermocatalytic oxidation approach to eliminate the mixture of heptane and hexanal, the representative VOCs with high concentrations in cooking oil fumes. The Pt/CeO2/TiO2 catalyst with nanosized Pt particles was prepared by the simple hydrothermal and impregnation methods, and the physicochemical properties of the catalyst were measured using numerous techniques. The Pt/CeO2/TiO2 catalyst eliminated the VOC mixture at low light intensity (100 mW cm-2) and low temperature (200 °C). In addition, it showed 25 h of catalytic stability and water resistance (water concentration up to 20 vol %) at 140 or 190 °C. It is concluded that O2 picked up the electrons from Pt to generate the •O2- species, which were transformed to the O22- and O- species after the rise in temperature. In the presence of water, the •OH species induced by light irradiation on the catalyst surface and the •OOH species formed via the thermal reaction were both supplementary oxygen species for VOC oxidation. The synergistic interaction of photo- and thermocatalysis was generated by the reactive oxygen species.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(43): e31231, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316936

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare, severe soft tissue infection, characterized by rapid and extensive necrosis of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and superficial and deep fascia. It is frequently misdiagnosed as other infectious diseases, leading to inappropriate treatment and potentially serious consequences. It may be complicated by septic shock and multiple organ failure with a fatal outcome. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old woman presented with continuous itching, skin lesions, pain, and swelling of the outer side of her left leg. The patient was diagnosed with septic shock and multiorgan failure caused by left leg NF. DIAGNOSIS: Septic shock and multiorgan failure caused by left leg NF. INTERVENTIONS: Two surgeries were performed on the patient's leg, which effectively treated her septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction. OUTCOMES: The patient was followed up three times after her discharge. She had a good recovery, was generally well with no significant sequelae, and returned to her regular life. CONCLUSION: NF is an acute severe illness with high mortality. It is easily misdiagnosed, leading to delayed or erroneous treatment and serious (or potentially fatal) outcomes. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of NF is essential for patient recovery. In difficult cases, multidisciplinary consultations may be helpful. The management of NF includes early and thorough surgical debridement, antibiotics, and symptomatic treatment.


Assuntos
Fasciite Necrosante , Choque Séptico , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Fasciite Necrosante/diagnóstico , Fasciite Necrosante/cirurgia , Choque Séptico/etiologia , Perna (Membro) , Diagnóstico Tardio/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(47): 21640-21647, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384291

RESUMO

Nitrogen-rich compounds have attracted significant fundamental and practical interest owing to their ability to accommodate diverse nitrogen-bonding patterns and their feasibility as high-energy-density materials. Herein, we examine a wide range of chemical compositions in the compressed Ga-N system using first-principles structural search and experimental preparation using a laser-heated diamond anvil cell. Our investigations have theoretically identified three thermodynamically stable stoichiometries─GaN15, GaN10, and GaN5─with surprisingly versatile polymeric nitrogen framework topologies. Strikingly, our results show that the required synthetic pressures for forming polymeric nitrogen phases in GaN10 and GaN5 are much lower than that for pure solid nitrogen. Finally, we evaluated the energy involved in decomposing the compounds and validated that they are promising candidates for high-energy-density materials. These findings have broad implications for designing and synthesizing novel nitrogen-rich compounds through the reaction between p electron elements and nitrogen at modest pressures and for nitrogen chemistry under extreme conditions.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 61(47): 18979-18989, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375108

RESUMO

Charge separation and transfer are the dominating factors in achieving high activity of solar energy-based photocatalysis. Here, a plasmonic transition metal nitride, Ni3N, nanosheet was fabricated and employed as an efficient cocatalyst to couple with Cd0.9Zn0.1S (CZS) solid solution via a self-assembly method to form a novel Ni3N/CZS heterojunction with an intimate interface. On one hand, localized surface plasmon resonance of the Ni3N nanosheets endowed the fabricated Ni3N/CZS composite with a wide-spectrum light absorption capacity, even to the near-infrared range. On the other hand, Ni3N as a cocatalyst can not only effectively induce the directional electron transfer from CZS to Ni3N active sites but also enhance the surface charge separation efficiency of the Ni3N/CZS heterojunction by 4.1 times compared to that of pure CZS. Plasmonic Ni3N also provided a photothermal effect to enhance the surface temperature of the composite for boosting the catalytic reaction kinetics. As a result, under visible light irradiation, the optimal Ni3N/CZS composite exhibited simultaneous H2 generation and benzaldehyde formation rates of 35.08 and 16.44 mmol g-1 h-1, which were 9.4 and 5.9 times those of CZS, respectively; and the composite also demonstrated a strong antibacterial ability with a sterilization rate of 99.7% toward Escherichia coli. Besides that, under NIR light, plasmonic Ni3N offered extra hot electrons that can transfer back to CZS to take part in the photocatalytic reaction, leading to the Ni3N/CZS composite still having a high H2 production of 179.6 µmol g-1 h-1. This work focuses on developing and applying novel plasmonic cocatalysts in photocatalysis for achieving adjustable electron transfer and fast charge separation for extensive practical application.


Assuntos
Benzaldeídos , Hidrogênio , Hidrogênio/química , Catálise , Luz
5.
Alzheimers Dement (N Y) ; 8(1): e12351, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204350

RESUMO

Introduction: Geriatric patients with dementia incur higher healthcare costs and longer hospital stays than other geriatric patients. We aimed to identify risk factors for hospitalization outcomes that could be mitigated early to improve outcomes and impact overall quality of life. Methods: We identified risk factors, that is, demographics, hospital complications, pre-admission, and post-admission risk factors including medical history and comorbidities, affecting hospitalization outcomes determined by hospital stays and discharge dispositions. Over 150 clinical and demographic factors of 15,678 encounters (8407 patients) were retrieved from our institution's data warehouse. We further narrowed them down to twenty factors through feature selection engineering by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Glmnet. We developed an explainable machine-learning model to predict hospitalization outcomes among geriatric patients with dementia. Results: Our model is based on stacking ensemble learning and achieved accuracy of 95.6% and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.757. It outperformed prevalent methods of risk assessment for encounters of patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD) (4993), vascular dementia (VD) (4173), Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD) (3735), and other unspecified dementias (OUD) (2777). Top identified hospitalization outcome risk factors, mostly from medical history, include encephalopathy, number of medical problems at admission, pressure ulcers, urinary tract infections, falls, admission source, age, race, anemia, etc., with several overlaps in multi-dementia groups. Discussion: Our model identified several predictive factors that can be modified or intervened so that efforts can be made to prevent recurrence or mitigate their adverse effects. Knowledge of the modifiable risk factors would help guide early interventions for patients at high risk for poor hospitalization outcome as defined by hospital stays longer than seven days, undesirable discharge disposition, or both. The interventions include starting specific protocols on modifiable risk factors like encephalopathy, falls, and infections, where non-existent or not routine, to improve hospitalization outcomes of geriatric patients with dementia. Highlights: A total 15,678 encounters of Geriatrics with dementia with a final 20 risk factors.Developed a predictive model for hospitalization outcomes for multi-dementia types.Risk factors for each type were identified including those amenable to interventions.Top factors are encephalopathy, pressure ulcers, urinary tract infection (UTI), falls, and admission source.With accuracy of 95.6%, our ensemble predictive model outperforms other models.

6.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(18): 987, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267745

RESUMO

Background: The use of vonoprazan (VPZ) has improved the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication therapy in Japan. There is no agreement on the dosage and frequency of amoxicillin administration in the VPZ dual treatment in China. We aimed to investigate the clinical effectiveness and safety of 3 treatment regimens using VPZ as an acid-suppressing medication to eradicate H. pylori. Methods: This experiment involved an open, multicenter, randomized, and parallel controlled clinical investigation. A total of 230 newly diagnosed H. pylori-infected patients were then randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: (I) H-VA (high-dose amoxicillin combined with VPZ): VPZ 20 mg b.i.d with amoxicillin 750 mg q.i.d for 7 days; (II) L-VA (low-dose amoxicillin combined with VPZ): VPZ 20 mg b.i.d plus amoxicillin 500 mg q.i.d for 7 days; (III) VAC (amoxicillin combined with VPZ and clarithromycin): VPZ 20 mg b.i.d plus amoxicillin 750 mg plus clarithromycin 500 mg for 7 days. At least 4 weeks after treatment, the urea breath test (UBT) was reexamined. The effectiveness of various regimens was assessed based on compliance, safety, and eradication rate. Results: The regimen effectiveness was 63.5% (54/85) in the H-VA group, 58.3% (49/84) in the L-VA group, and 60.7% (37/61) in the VAC group, according to intention to treat (ITT) analysis. According to per protocol (PP) analysis, the eradication rate of the H-VA group was 65.1% (54/83), that of the L-VA group was 66.2% (49/74), and that of the VAC group was 64.9% (37/57). There was no discernible difference in the eradication rate across the 3 regimens, as shown by the results of ITT analysis (χ2=0.032, P=0.984) and PP analysis (χ2=0.480, P=0.786). The rate of adverse effect was 16.90% in the H-VA group, 13.20% in the L-VA group, and 24.10% in the VAC group. There was no discernible difference in the incidence of adverse effect between the three groups (χ2=2.784, P=0.266). Conclusions: None of the 7-day elimination regimens investigated in this study, which included the acid-suppressing medicine VPZ and either a dual treatment paired with amoxicillin, or a triple treatment combined with amoxicillin and clarithromycin, achieved an acceptable eradication rate of H. pylori. Further research is required to identify an effective and safe treatment regimen. Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry identifier: ChiCTR2000040955.

7.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5234, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068224

RESUMO

The development of organic solid-state luminescent materials, especially those sensitive to aggregation microenvironment, is critical for their applications in devices such as pressure-sensitive elements, sensors, and photoelectric devices. However, it still faces certain challenges and a deep understanding of the corresponding internal mechanisms is required. Here, we put forward an unconventional strategy to explore the pressure-induced evolution of the aggregation microenvironment, involving changes in molecular conformation, stacking mode, and intermolecular interaction, by monitoring the emission under multiple excitation channels based on a luminogen with aggregation-induced emission characteristics of di(p-methoxylphenyl)dibenzofulvene. Under three excitation wavelengths, the distinct emission behaviors have been interestingly observed to reveal the pressure-induced structural evolution, well consistent with the results from ultraviolet-visible absorption, high-pressure angle-dispersive X-ray diffraction, and infrared studies, which have rarely been reported before. This finding provides important insights into the design of organic solid luminescent materials and greatly promotes the development of stimulus-responsive luminescent materials.

8.
Cereb Cortex ; 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089839

RESUMO

Functional abnormalities of default mode network (DMN) have been well documented in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the association of DMN functional reorganization with antidepressant treatment and gene expression is unclear. Moreover, whether the functional interactions of DMN could predict treatment efficacy is also unknown. Here, we investigated the link of treatment response with functional alterations of DMN and gene expression with a comparably large sample including 46 individuals with MDD before and after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and 46 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Static and dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) analyses showed increased intrinsic/static but decreased dynamic functional couplings of inter- and intra-subsystems and between nodes of DMN. The changes of static functional connections of DMN were spatially correlated with brain gene expression profiles. Moreover, static and dFC of the DMN before treatment as features could predict depressive symptom improvement following ECT. Taken together, these results shed light on the underlying neural and genetic basis of antidepressant effect of ECT and the intrinsic functional connectivity of DMN have the potential to serve as prognostic biomarkers to guide accurate personalized treatment.

9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36136294

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT03676959) is an open, phase I dose-escalation and expansion study investigating the safety and efficacy of the recombinant, fully human anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibody Socazolimab in patients diagnosed with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients received Socazolimab every 2 weeks until disease progression. The study was divided into a dose-escalation phase and a dose-expansion phase. Safety and tolerability were primary endpoints of the dose-escalation phase. The primary endpoints of the dose-expansion phase were safety and the objective response rate (ORR) of the 5mg/kg dose. Efficacy was assessed by the third-party independent review committee (IRC) using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1). RESULTS: One hundred four patients were successfully enrolled into the study. Twelve patients were included in the dose-escalation phase, with one complete response and two partial responses in the 5mg/kg treatment group. Ninety-two patients (5mg/kg) were enrolled in the dose-expansion phase. Fifty-four patients (59.3%) had baseline PD-L1-positive tumor expression (combined positive score, CPS≥1). ORR was 15.4% (95% CI, 8.7 to 24.5%). Median PFS was 4.44 months (95% CI, 2.37 to 5.75 months), and the median OS was 14.72 months (95% CI, 9.59 to NE months). ORR of PD-L1-positive patients was 16.7%, and the ORR of PD-L1-negative patients was 17.9%. No treatment-related deaths occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that Socazolimab has durable safety and efficacy for the treatment of recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer and exhibits a safety profile similar to other anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies.

10.
Food Funct ; 13(19): 9772-9781, 2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073110

RESUMO

The role of diet in the development of childhood metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been clearly elucidated. This study aims to investigate the association between the adherence to the Chinese Dietary Guidelines (CDG) 2016 and the presence of MetS and its components in Chinese children aged 6-14 years. This study is a cross-sectional study using data from the 2017 and 2019 Nutrition and Health Surveillance in Primary and Secondary school students of Beijing (NHSPSB). MetS was diagnosed using the recommended criteria for Chinese children. Diet was assessed using 3 consecutive days of 24-hour dietary recalls in addition to weighing household cooking oils and condiments. The Chinese Healthy Eating Index (CHEI) score was calculated based on the CDG 2016. Generalized estimating equations (GEEs) were used to estimate the correlation between the CHEI score and the likelihood of MetS and its components. A total of 2092 records (1048 in 2017 and 1044 in 2019), derived from 1835 children, were included. A higher CHEI score, which reflects better adherence to the CDG 2016, was correlated with a lower presence of MetS (per 5-point increment: OR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.75-0.97) and low HDL-C (per 5-point increment: OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.80-0.99). Regarding the CHEI components, higher scores in dark vegetables and cooking oils were also associated with reduced likelihood of MetS (per 1-point increment: OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.67-0.93 for dark vegetables; OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.86-0.96 for cooking oils). This study suggests that better adherence to the CDG 2016 may reduce the risk of MetS in Chinese children aged 6-14 years.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Política Nutricional , Óleos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 2859987, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942443

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is a common liver disease that seriously endangers human health. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosing liver fibrosis, but its clinical use is limited due to its invasive nature. Ultrasound image examination is a widely used liver fibrosis examination method. Clinicians can diagnose the severity of liver fibrosis according to their own experience by observing the roughness of the texture of the ultrasound image, and this method is highly subjective. Under the premise that artificial intelligence technology is widely used in medical image analysis, this paper uses convolutional neural network analysis to extract the characteristics of ultrasound images of liver fibrosis and then classify the degree of liver fibrosis. Using neural network for image classification can avoid the subjectivity of manual classification and improve the accuracy of judging the degree of liver fibrosis, so as to complete the prevention and treatment of liver fibrosis. Therefore, the following work is done in this paper: (1) the research background, research significance, research status at home and abroad, and the impact of the development of medical imaging on the diagnosis of liver fibrosis are introduced; (2) the related technologies of deep learning and deep convolutional network are introduced, and the indicators of liver fibrosis degree assessment are constructed by using ultrasonic image extraction features; (3) using the collected liver fibrosis dataset to conduct model evaluation experiments, four classic CNN models are selected to compare and analyze the recognition rate. The experiments show that the GoogLeNet model has the best classification and recognition effect.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Cirrose Hepática , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Ultrassonografia
12.
Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom ; 1870(10): 140825, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926716

RESUMO

Paxillin is one of the most important adapters in integrin-mediated adhesions that performs numerous crucial functions relying on its dynamic interactions. Its structural behavior serves different purposes, providing a base for several activities. The various domains of paxillin display different functions in the whole process of cell movements and have a significant role in cell adhesion, migration, signal transmission, and protein-protein interactions. On the other hand, some paxillin-associated proteins provide a unique spatiotemporal mechanism for regulating its dynamic characteristics in the tissue homeostasis and make it a more complex and decisive protein at the focal adhesions. This review briefly describes the structural adaptations and molecular mechanisms of recruitment of paxillin into adhesions, explains paxillin's binding dynamics and impact on adhesion stability and turnover, and reveals a variety of paxillin-associated regulatory mechanisms and how paxillin is embedded into the signaling networks.


Assuntos
Adesões Focais , Transdução de Sinais , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Movimento Celular , Adesões Focais/metabolismo , Paxilina/metabolismo
13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 628(Pt A): 166-178, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914427

RESUMO

A Step-scheme (S-scheme) heterojunction can regulate the directional migration of powerful photogenerated carriers and realize high photocatalytic activity. Herein, we propose a novel dimensional matched S-scheme photocatalyst comprising of two-dimensional (2D) TiO2 nanosheets and 2D Bi2O3 nanosheets for environmental and energy applications, such as water sterilization and water splitting. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electron paramagnetic resonance, in-situ irradiated XPS and theoretical calculations provided strong evidence that the photocarrier migration in the TiO2/Bi2O3 composite followed the S-scheme mode, which efficiently prevented the recombination of powerful photocarriers, thereby enabling the heterojunction with a strong redox ability for producing abundant reactive oxygen species. The tight and large 2D/2D interface minimized the distance of photocarrier migration to further extend the lifetime of useful photocarriers (active radicals for sterilization and photoelectrons for H2 generation). The 2D/2D TiO2/Bi2O3 heterojunction demonstrated an improved photocatalytic antibacterial performance with complete inactivation of 4.63 × 107 CFU mL-1Escherichia coli cells within 6 h in water. In addition, the heterojunction displayed a H2 generation rate of 12.08 mmol h-1g-1 through water splitting process. This study provides a potential bifunctional photocatalyst for minimizing the adverse impact of pollution on the environment.


Assuntos
Esterilização , Água , Antibacterianos , Catálise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Titânio
15.
Curr Protein Pept Sci ; 23(8): 563-570, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36017860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The roles of T-Box transcription factor (TBX2) in endometrial cancer are still not clear. This study was designed to explore the roles of TBX2 in endometrial cancer and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The knockdown and overexpression of TBX2 in endometrial cancer cell lines were constructed by using lentivirus transduction. The xenograft animal model was established by using stable endometrial cancer cell lines. Cell viability was determined by the CCK-8 assay. The mRNA and protein levels of target genes were determined by using qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. ChIP assay was used to determine the interactions between TBX2 and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2). RESULTS: The upregulation of TBX2 was observed in endometrial cancer tissues from patients with Cisplatin- resistance and Cisplatin-resistant cells. Interestingly, TBX2 regulated cell viability and Cisplatin resistance of endometrial cancer cells. In addition, the regulatory effects of TBX2 on chemo-resistance of endometrial cancer cells were associated with the NRF2 signaling pathways. Consistently, the endometrial cancer xenograft animal model revealed that TBX2 regulated tumor growth and Cisplatin resistance, and its regulatory effects were in part by the regulation of NRF2 signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: TBX 2 enhanced Cisplatin resistance of endometrial cancer by regulating the NRF2 signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Proteínas com Domínio T , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/farmacologia , Proteínas com Domínio T/genética
16.
PLoS Genet ; 18(7): e1010285, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830385

RESUMO

During evolutionary adaptation, the mechanisms for self-regulation are established between the normal growth and development of plants and environmental stress. The phytohormone jasmonate (JA) is a key tie of plant defence and development, and JASMONATE-ZIM DOMAIN (JAZ) repressor proteins are key components in JA signalling pathways. Here, we show that JAZ expression was affected by leaf senescence from the transcriptomic data. Further investigation revealed that SlJAZ10 and SlJAZ11 positively regulate leaf senescence and that SlJAZ11 can also promote plant regeneration. Moreover, we reveal that the SlJAV1-SlWRKY51 (JW) complex could suppress JA biosynthesis under normal growth conditions. Immediately after injury, SlJAZ10 and SlJAZ11 can regulate the activity of the JW complex through the effects of electrical signals and Ca2+ waves, which in turn affect JA biosynthesis, causing a difference in the regeneration phenotype between SlJAZ10-OE and SlJAZ11-OE transgenic plants. In addition, SlRbcs-3B could maintain the protein stability of SlJAZ11 to protect it from degradation. Together, SlJAZ10 and SlJAZ11 not only act as repressors of JA signalling to leaf senescence, but also regulate plant regeneration through coordinated electrical signals, Ca2+ waves, hormones and transcriptional regulation. Our study provides critical insights into the mechanisms by which SlJAZ11 can induce regeneration.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Senescência Vegetal , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Regeneração/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(16): 11739-11749, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35880312

RESUMO

The compositions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) under actual industrial conditions are often complex; especially, the interaction of intermediate products easily leads to more toxic emissions that are harmful to the atmospheric environment and human health. Herein, we report a comparative investigation on 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) and (1,2-DCE + toluene) oxidation over the Ru/TiO2, phosphotungstic acid (HPW)-modified Ru/TiO2, and oxygen vacancy-rich Ru/TiOx catalysts. The doping of HPW successfully introduced the 1,2-DCE adsorption sites to promote its oxidation and exhibited outstanding water resistance. For the mixed VOCs, Ru/HPW-TiO2 promoted the preferential and superfluous adsorption of toluene and resulted in the inhibition of 1,2-DCE degradation. Therefore, HPW modification is a successful strategy in catalytic 1,2-DCE oxidation, but Brønsted acid sites tend to adsorb toluene in the mixed VOC oxidation. The Ru/TiOx catalyst exhibited excellent activity and stability in the oxidation of mixed VOCs and could inhibit the generation of byproducts and Cl2 compared with the Ru/HPW-TiO2 catalyst. Compared with the Brønsted acid modification, the oxygen vacancy-rich catalysts are significantly suitable for the oxidation of multicomponent VOCs.


Assuntos
Tolueno , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Catálise , Dicloretos de Etileno , Humanos , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Oxigênio , Titânio , Água
18.
Virol J ; 19(1): 129, 2022 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35907986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The H5 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) has caused huge economic losses to the poultry industry and is a threat to human health. A rapid and simple test is needed to confirm infection in suspected cases during disease outbreaks. METHODS: In this study, we developed a reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay for the detection of H5 subtype AIV. Assays were performed at a single temperature (39 °C), and the results were obtained within 20 min. RESULTS: The assay showed no cross-detection with Newcastle disease virus or infectious bronchitis virus. The analytical sensitivity was 103 RNA copies/µL at a 95% confidence interval according to probit regression analysis, with 100% specificity. Compared with published reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays, the κ value of the RT-RAA assay in 420 avian clinical samples was 0.983 (p < 0.001). The sensitivity for avian clinical sample detection was 97.26% (95% CI, 89.56-99.52%), and the specificity was 100% (95% CI, 98.64-100%). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that our RT-RAA assay may be a valuable tool for detecting H5 subtype AIV.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Aviária , Animais , Aves , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Vírus da Influenza A/metabolismo , Influenza Aviária/diagnóstico , Recombinases/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transcrição Reversa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
J Appl Microbiol ; 133(3): 2083-2094, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35815837

RESUMO

AIMS: Two introgression lines (ILs), 182Q20 and 200A12, which had chromosomal segments introgressed from Hordeum bulbosum in H. vulgare backgrounds, were identified to show seedling resistance against Puccinia hordei, possibly attributed to two resistance genes, Rph22 and Rph26, respectively. This study characterized the phenotypic responses of the two genes against P. hordei over different plant development stages. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using visual and fungal biomass assessments, responses of ILs 182Q20, 200A12 and four other barley cultivars against P. hordei were determined at seedling, tillering, stem elongation and booting stages. Plants carrying either Rph22 or Rph26 were found to confer gradually increasing resistance over the course of different development stages, with partial resistant phenotypes (i.e. prolonged rust latency periods, reduced uredinia numbers but with susceptible infection types) observed at seedling stage and adult plant resistance (APR) at booting stage. A definitive switch between the two types of resistance occurred at tillering stage. CONCLUSIONS: Rph22 and Rph26 derived from H. bulbosum were well characterized and had typical APR phenotypes against P. hordei. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study provides important insights on the effectiveness and expression of Rph22 and Rph26 against P. hordei during plant development and underpins future barley breeding programmes using non-host as a genetic resource for leaf rust management.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota , Hordeum , Basidiomycota/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Resistência à Doença/genética , Hordeum/genética , Hordeum/microbiologia , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
20.
PeerJ ; 10: e13567, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35698615

RESUMO

The herbaceous perennial legume Mimosa pudica is an invasive weed in many tropical and subtropical regions and a serious problem for farmers since it is difficult to eliminate from crop field by hand. Moreover, it has water impermeable seeds, i.e., physical dormancy (PY), which could persist in the soil seed bank for a long period of time, thus making it a big challenge to control. The aims of this study were to test the effect of various laboratory methods on breaking PY in seeds of M. pudica, to identify the site(s) of water entry into seeds of M. pudica and compare results of dormancy-breaking methods for seeds of M. pudica with those of 36 other species of Mimosa reported in the literature. Mechanical scarification, wet heat and cycles of wet heat and ice water effectively broke PY in seeds of M. pudica. Following wet heat at 80 °C for 10 min, water uptake was via the hilar region but not the pleurogram; small cracks made in the pleurogram by this treatment were not deep enough for water to enter the seed. Neither tolerance to summer temperatures nor PY is likely to be the cause of invasiveness of this species, since seeds of rare and endemic species of Mimosa also tolerate summer temperatures and have PY.

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