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1.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-7, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343164

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the traditional treatment of minimally invasion surgery with the evolving treatments of microneedles radiofrequency and microwaves, this study mainly focused on the clinical efficacy and the incidence rate (IR) of complications among three treatments.Methods: From August 2017 to August 2018, a total of 76 patients with bilateral axillary osmidrosis were enrolled respectively underwent minimally invasion surgery, microneedles radiofrequency and microwaves treatment. All these subjects were evaluated the clinical outcomes and collected the complications by themselves or physicians. The difference of objective recovery or effective rate, subjective effective rate, the intense of sweat secretion or armpits hair, IR of complications among these three groups were studied.Results: The baseline characteristics of 33 patients in surgery group, 24 patients in microneedles group and 19 patients in microwaves group were similar. Firstly, the objective clinical efficacy was similar, but the subjective effective rate in surgery group was the soundest. In addition, the reduction of sweat secretion was homologous in three group, but the intense of armpits hair reduction in microneedles group was the minimum in three groups. Moreover, surgery treatment caused the highest IR of complications and the broadest types of complications, especially for the IR of 87.9% in postoperative scar formation. Meanwhile, the microwaves treatment had the best safety profile. At last, the recurrence rate on 6 months postoperatively was also identical with no significant difference.Conclusions: For the advantages and disadvantages of these three treatments, axillary osmidrosis patients should choose the proper therapy with comprehensive considerations.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 722: 137762, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199360

RESUMO

Microplastics released into the environment undergo a variety of aging processes, however, information about the influence of aging on the adsorption behavior of microplastics is limited. In order to better understand the effect of aging polystyrene (PS) on the ability to adsorb heavy metal, H2O2 and Fenton reagent were used to investigate the aging properties of PS. Aging PS with these two different aging agents at pH = 4 and room temperature for the same time. Physical and chemical characterization indicated that aging caused oxidation of the surface of PS and the formation of surface micro-cracks. Based on the 2D-COS analysis, the aging process of PS functional groups could occur in the following sequence: 1375 (C-OH) > 1739 (C=O) > 1182 cm-1 (C-O-C) > 1716 (O-C=O). The adsorption experiments for Cd2+ with two different concentrations were carried out by PS with different aging time at room temperature. The adsorption data showed that the adsorption capacity of Cd2+ was significantly enhanced after aging compared with pristine PS, and the adsorption capacity of PS after Fenton aging treatment is much stronger than that after H2O2 aging treatment. The kinetic analysis of the adsorption data indicates that the adsorption process is more consistent with the second-order kinetics than the first-order kinetics, and it is further concluded that the adsorption of Cd2+ by PS is a relatively complicated process. According to the fitting results of adsorption isotherms, the adsorption process of pristine PS mainly occurs on the surface, but with the continuous aging, more adsorption sites may be exposed on the surface of PS, so it can be concluded that the adsorption mechanism of Cd2+ by PS is the coexistence of physics and chemistry. This study indicates aging microplastics may have a significant impact on the destination and migration of metal contaminants, which deserves to be further concerned.

3.
Prog Chem Org Nat Prod ; 111: 81-153, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114663

RESUMO

Marine-derived fungi play an important role in the search for structurally unique secondary metabolites, some of which show promising pharmacological activities that make them useful leads for drug discovery. Marine natural product research in China in general has made enormous progress in the last two decades as described in this chapter on fungal metabolites. This contribution covers 613 new natural products reported from 2001 to 2017 from marine-derived fungi obtained from algae, sponges, corals, and other marine organisms from Chinese waters. The genera Aspergillus (170 new natural products, 28%) and Penicillium (70 new natural products, 11%) were the main fungal producers of new natural products during the time period covered, whereas sponges (184 new natural products, 30%) were the most abundant source of new natural products, followed by corals (154 new natural products, 25%) and algae (130 new natural products, 21%). Close to 40% of all natural products covered in this contribution displayed various bioactivities. The major bioactivities reported were cytotoxicity against different cancer cell lines, antimicrobial (mainly antibacterial) activity, and antiviral activity, which accounted for 13%, 9%, and 3% of all natural products reported. In terms of structural classes, polyketides (188 new natural products, 31%) play a dominant role, and if prenylated polyketides and nitrogen-containing polyketides (included in meroterpenes and alkaloids in this contribution) are taken into account, their total number even exceeds 50%. Nitrogen-containing compounds including peptides (65 new natural products, 10%) and alkaloids (103 new natural products, 17%) are the second largest group.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Fungos/química , Policetídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Antozoários/microbiologia , Anti-Infecciosos , Antineoplásicos , Organismos Aquáticos/microbiologia , Aspergillus/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , China , Penicillium/química , Policetídeos/química , Poríferos/microbiologia , Metabolismo Secundário
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 393: 122515, 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197203

RESUMO

Microplastics are formed by the degradation of plastic wastes under the action of physicochemical mechanisms in environment, and they are becoming a new type of pollutant that is attractings global attention. However, research on the aging characteristics and mechanism of microplastics is limited. The aging mechanism of Polystyrene (PS) with UV irradiation under different conditions (air, pure water and seawater) and the effect of aging on heavy metal adsorption were studied. The results show that PS have different characteristics with UV irradiation under different conditions, and the aging of PS is the most obvious in air. Based on the 2D-COS analysis, different aging mechanisms were identified under different aging conditions, aging sequence of aged PS functional groups in air and water were clearly definited. An isothermal adsorption model shows that aging can significantly increase the adsorption of heavy metals by PS. The adsorption of heavy metals is also affected by different aging methods. Over all, a 2D-COS analysis was an effective method for understanding the aging process of PS. These results further clarify the aging mechanism of PS, and provides a theoretical basis for the assessment of environmental behavior and ecological risk when microplastics and heavy metals coexist.

5.
Mar Drugs ; 18(2)2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102178

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of secondary metabolites from the endophytic fungus Pseudopestalotiopsis theae led to the isolation of eighteen new polyketide derivatives, pestalotheols I-Q (1-9) and cytosporins O-W (15-23), together with eight known analogs (10-14 and 24-26). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by HRMS and 1D and 2D NMR data, as well as by comparison with literature data. Modified Mosher's method was applied to determine the absolute configuration of some compounds. Compound 23 showed significant cytotoxicity against the mouse lymphoma cell line L5178Y with an IC50 value of 3.0 µM. Furthermore, compounds 22 and 23 showed moderate antibacterial activity against drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (ATCC BAA-1605) in combination with sublethal colistin concentrations.

6.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 120: 105685, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917284

RESUMO

The epigenetic silencing mechanism of suppressor 3 of cytokine signaling (SOCS3) in cancers has not been fully elucidated. Polycomb repressive complexes 2 (PRC2), an important epigenetic regulatory factors, exerts a critical role in repressing the initial phase of gene transcription. Whether PRC2 participates the down- regulation of SOCS3 in Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear and how does PRC2 be recruited target gene still needs to explore. In this study, Using TCGA HCC dataset, and detecting HCC tissue specimens and cell lines, we found that SOCS3 expression in HCC was inversely related to that of EZH2, and depended on its promoter methylation status. CTCF, vigilin, EZH2 and H3K27me3 were enriched at CTCF and EZH2 binding sites on the methylated SOCS3 gene promoter. The depletion of CTCF did not affect expression of EZH2 and DNMT1, but decrease recruitment of CTCF, vigilin, EZH2 and H3K27me3. Further, knockdown of CTCF led to a loss of methylation of the methylated SOCS3 promoter, which sequentially increased the expression of SOCS3 and decreased the expression of pSTAT3, the downstream effector. These findings suggest that the CTCF dependent recruitment of EZH2 to the SOCS3 gene promoter is likely to participate in the epigenetic silencing of SOCS3 and in regulating its gene expression.

7.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(6): 891-895, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of three different cell culture mediums, DMEM-LG, α-MEM and DMEM/F12, on the growth of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in vitro, and so that to screen out the most suitable medium for in vitro culturing the rat BMSCs. METHODS: BMSCS were isolated from the femur and tibia of SD rats by whole bone marrow differential adherence method. The isolated cells were then cultured with three culture mediums, DMEM-LG, α-MEM and DMEM/F12. The rat BMSCs morphology, adhesion, proliferation, the time of passage and the number the colony at day 14 in three mediums respectively were observed with inverted phase contrast microscopy and compared. Flow cytometry was used to identify and observe the effects of different mediums on the surface antigen expression of rats BMSCs. RESULTS: Compared with the other two groups of media, BMSCs cultured in DMEM-LG had shorter colony formation time, shorter first passage time, more clone formation (14±2) and showed uniform morphology and the highest attachment efficiency (47.0±2.8)%. Meanwhile, BMSCs cultured with DMEM-LG entered logarithmic growth phase after only 4 days of culturing and showed the highest average specific growth rate and the largest average number of propagations per unit time. The total number of cells reached about (2.2-2.7)×105 mL-1 within three days. The cells cultured with 3 mediums were all identified as rat BMSCs, and the expression of surface antigen in BMSCs was not significantly affected by different media. CONCLUSION: DMEM-LG is more suitable for proliferation of rat BMSCs in vitro.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
8.
Asian J Androl ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696835

RESUMO

Epididymitis can be caused by infectious and noninfectious etiological factors. While microbial infections are responsible for infectious epididymitis, the etiological factors contributing to noninfectious epididymitis remain to be defined. The present study demonstrated that damaged male germ cells (DMGCs) induce epididymitis in mice. Intraperitoneal injection of the alkylating agent busulfan damaged murine male germ cells. Epididymitis was observed in mice 4 weeks after the injection of busulfan and was characterized by massive macrophage infiltration. Epididymitis was coincident with an accumulation of DMGCs in the epididymis. In contrast, busulfan injection into mice lacking male germ cells did not induce epididymitis. DMGCs induced innate immune responses in epididymal epithelial cells (EECs), thereby upregulating the pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), as well as the chemokines such as monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), monocyte chemotactic protein-5 (MCP-5), and chemokine ligand-10 (CXCL10). These results suggest that male germ cell damage may induce noninfectious epididymitis through the induction of innate immune responses in EECs. These findings provide novel insights into the mechanisms underlying noninfectious epididymitis, which might aid in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17324, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of orthodontic and orthognathic treatment (OOT) for patients with oral and maxillofacial deformities (OMDF) systematically. METHODS: This study will comprehensively search Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from their inceptions to the July 1, 2019. Grey literature will be explored via searching dissertations, Google scholar and conference abstracts. Two team members will independently perform all citations, data extraction, and methodological quality. We will also utilize RevMan 5.3 Software for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study will provide high quality evidence of OOT for OMDF. The primary outcomes consist of number of patients cured; proportion of patients healed; and time to complete healing within trial period. Secondary outcomes include quality of life (often assessed as any relevant scales, such as 36-Item Short Form Survey), costs, and complications. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence for judging whether OOT is effective treatment for OMDF. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: CRD42019144610.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/terapia , Traumatismos Faciais/terapia , Ortodontia/métodos , Cirurgia Ortognática/métodos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Biosci Rep ; 39(9)2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406012

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate whether applying low magnitude vibration (LMV) in early postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) suppresses its progression, and to investigate underlying mechanisms. Rats were randomly divided into Sham (Sham-operated), Sham+V, OVX (ovariectomized), OVX+E2 (estradiol benzoate), OVX+V (LMV at 12-20 weeks postoperatively), and OVX+Vi (LMV at 1-20 weeks postoperatively) groups. LMV was applied for 20 min once daily for 5 days weekly. V rats were loaded with LMV at 12-20 weeks postoperatively. Vi rats were loaded with LMV at 1-20 weeks postoperatively. Estradiol (E2) rats were intramuscularly injected at 12-20 weeks postoperatively once daily for 3 days. The bone mineral densities (BMDs), biomechanical properties, and histomorphological parameters of tibiae were analyzed. In vitro, rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) were subjected to LMV for 30 min daily for 5 days, or 17ß-E2 with or without 1-day pretreatment of estrogen receptor (ER) inhibitor ICI 182,780 (ICI). The mRNA and protein expresion were performed. Data showed that LMV increased BMD, bone strength, and bone mass of rats, and the effects of Vi were stronger than those of E2. In vitro, LMV up-regulated the mRNA and protein expressions of Runx2, Osx, Col I, and OCN and down-regulated PPARγ, compared with E2. The effects of both LMV and E2 on rBMSCs were inhibited by ICI. Altogether, LMV in early PMO suppresses its progression, which is associated with osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs via up-regulation of ERα and activation of the canonical Wnt pathway. LMV may therefore be superior to E2 for the suppression of PMO progression.

11.
FASEB J ; 33(11): 12528-12540, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450968

RESUMO

Mumps virus (MuV) has high tropism to the testis and may lead to male infertility. Sertoli cells are the major targets of MuV infection. However, the mechanisms by which MuV infection impairs male fertility and Sertoli cell function remain unclear. The present study elucidated the effect of MuV infection on the blood-testis barrier (BTB). The transepithelial electrical resistance of MuV-infected mouse Sertoli cells was monitored, and the expression of major proteins of the BTB was examined. We demonstrated that MuV infection disrupted the BTB by reducing the levels of occludin and zonula occludens 1. Sertoli cells derived from Tlr2-/- and Tnfa-/- mice were analyzed for mediating MuV-induced impairment. TLR2-mediated TNF-α production by Sertoli cells in response to MuV infection impaired BTB integrity. MuV-impaired BTB was not observed in Tlr2-/- and Tnfa-/- Sertoli cells. Moreover, an inhibitor of TNF-α, pomalidomide, prevents the disruption of BTB in response to MuV infection. FITC-labeled biotin tracing assay confirmed that BTB permeability and spermatogenesis were transiently impaired by MuV infection in vivo. These findings suggest that the disruption of the BTB could be one of the mechanisms underlying MuV-impaired male fertility, in which TNF-α could play a critical role.-Wu, H., Jiang, X., Gao, Y., Liu, W., Wang, F., Gong, M., Chen, R., Yu, X., Zhang, W., Gao, B., Song, C., Han, D. Mumps virus infection disrupts blood-testis barrier through the induction of TNF-α in Sertoli cells.

12.
Biol Reprod ; 101(4): 733-747, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350848

RESUMO

The seminal vesicles can be infected by microorganisms, thereby resulting in vesiculitis and impairment in male fertility. Innate immune responses in seminal vesicles cells to microbial infections, which facilitate vesiculitis, have yet to be investigated. The present study aims to elucidate pattern recognition receptor-mediated innate immune responses in seminal vesicles epithelial cells. Various pattern recognition receptors, including Toll-like receptor 3, Toll-like receptor 4, cytosolic ribonucleic acid, and deoxyribonucleic acid sensors, are abundantly expressed in seminal vesicles epithelial cells. These pattern recognition receptors can recognize their respective ligands, thus activating nuclear factor kappa B and interferon regulatory factor 3. The pattern recognition receptor signaling induces expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (Tnfa) and interleukin 6 (Il6), chemokines monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (Mcp1) and C-X-C motif chemokine 10 (Cxcl10), and type 1 interferons Ifna and Ifnb. Moreover, pattern recognition receptor-mediated innate immune responses up-regulated the expression of microsomal prostaglandin E synthase and cyclooxygenase 2, but they down-regulated semenogelin-1 expression. These results provide novel insights into the mechanism underlying vesiculitis and its impact on the functions of the seminal vesicles.

13.
Fitoterapia ; 136: 104168, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075487

RESUMO

The Ascomycete fungus Aphanoascus fulvescens isolated from goose dung was investigated for its secondary metabolites, yielding five new indole alkaloids okaramines V-Z (1-5) and eleven known derivatives (6-16). Their structures were determined by 1D, 2D NMR spectra and HRMS data. Compounds 6, 8, 11 and 12 showed significant to moderate cytotoxicity against the mouse lymphoma cell line L5178Y with IC50 values ranging from 4.0 to 14.7 µM. Preliminary structure-activity relationships are discussed.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Alemanha , Alcaloides Indólicos/isolamento & purificação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
Cell Biol Int ; 43(6): 605-612, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958598

RESUMO

Interferons (IFNs) have anti-viral and anti-tumour effects. Type III interferon, as a member of the recently discovered interferon family, has been proved to inhibit tumour proliferation and promote the apoptosis of various tumour cells. However, whether type III IFN could inhibit the proliferation of lung cancer was not clear. In this study, we found that interferon λ (IFN λ) could inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells and induce autophagy and apoptosis of A549 cells. IFN λ could promote the expression of autophagy gene Beclin1 and interfere the expression of autophagy gene Beclin1 with small interfering RNA, thus inhibiting the effect of type III interferon on anti-proliferation and promoting apoptosis of lung cancer cell. These results suggested that IFN λ could inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells by activating autophagy pathway, and IFN λ might be one of the potential therapeutic drugs for lung cancer.


Assuntos
Interferons/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Células A549 , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(16): 4505-4512, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915841

RESUMO

Bioglycosylation is an efficient strategy to improve the biological activity and physicochemical properties of natural compounds for therapeutic drug development. In this study, two caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) glucosides (G-CAPE and 2G-CAPE) were synthesized by transglycosylation with dextransucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides 0326 with CAPE as an acceptor and sucrose as a donor. The products were purified and the structures were characterized. The physicochemical properties, anti-inflammatory activity, and cytotoxicity of the two CAPE glucosides were measured. The water solubility of G-CAPE and 2G-CAPE is 35 and 90 times higher, respectively, than that of CAPE. Compared to CAPE, the monoglycoside product showed superior anti-inflammatory effects, and its inhibition rate of NO, IF-6, and TNF-α is 93.4%, 76.81%, and 56.58% in RAW 264.7 macrophages, respectively, at 20 µM. Also, the cytotoxicity of both products was significantly improved. These glycosylation-modified CAPEs circumvent some of the flaws in CAPE application in anti-inflammatory drugs.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Ácidos Cafeicos/química , Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacologia , Glucosiltransferases/química , Leuconostoc mesenteroides/enzimologia , Álcool Feniletílico/análogos & derivados , Animais , Biocatálise , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Álcool Feniletílico/química , Álcool Feniletílico/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Solubilidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
16.
Prog Biophys Mol Biol ; 148: 47-53, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28969971

RESUMO

Electrical conductance is one of the factors of the microenvironment of cardiomyocytes, and electrical stimulation (ES) has been shown to modulate the differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) toward a cardiomyogenic fate. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1) stimulates the cardiomyogenic marker expression in BMSCs. Herein, we promoted the differentiation of BMSCs into cardiomyocyte-like cells using ES to confirm if TGF-ß1 mediates this event in vitro. ES increased protein levels of TGF-ß1 in BMSCs, and this effect was better than that observed with 5-azacytidine (5-Aza). The effect of ES on promoting cardiomyogenic marker expression in BMSCs was enhanced by TGF-ß1. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of Connexin43 (Cx43) and Alpha-actinin 2 (ACTN2) induced by ES in BMSCs were significantly decreased by pirfenidone. These results show that ES promotes cardiomyocyte-like cells differentiation in rat BMSCs and is possibly mediated by TGF-ß1 in vitro.

17.
Se Pu ; 36(12): 1245-1260, 2018 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30574703

RESUMO

A method based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of 63 compounds illegally added in tea, substitute tea, and beverage products. The samples were extracted by ultrasonic extraction using methanol, and the analytes were separated on the Thermo Acclaim RSLC C18 chromatographic column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 2.2 µm) by gradient elution using 5 mmol/L ammonium formate solution containing 0.1% (v/v) formic acid and 0.1% (v/v) formic acid acetonitrile as the mobile phase. The electrospray ion source was operated in the positive ion mode using the dynamic multi-reaction monitoring (dMRM) method, and the results were quantified by the external standard method. The correlation coefficients (R2) of the linear calibration curves were greater than 0.99 in the corresponding mass concentration ranges, and the limits of quantification (LOQs) for the analytes were 0.10-2.50 mg/kg. The average recoveries at three spiked levels ranged from 62.4% to 129.4%. The RSDs of the injection precision and the repeatability of samples were in the range 0.3%-9.6% (n=6). Thus, the proposed method is simple, rapid, accurate, reliable, and applicable for the detection of the illegal addition of antipyretic and analgesic affect compounds in tea, substitute tea and beverage food.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Contaminação de Alimentos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Chá/química , Bebidas
18.
J Cancer ; 9(12): 2203-2210, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29937940

RESUMO

Background: Most hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients have undergone a progression from chronic hepatitis, then liver cirrhosis (LC), and finally to carcinoma. The objective of this study was to elucidate risk factors to predict HCC development for cirrhosis patients. Methods: Multiple methylated specific PCR (MSP) was applied to determine methylation status of heparocarcinogenesis-related genes in 396 tissue and plasma specimens and multivariate cox model was used to analyze the relationship between risk variables and HCC development among cirrhosis patients, followed up in a median period of 30 months. Results: Among 105 LC cases, HCC incidence rate at 30 months was 30.48% (32/105), which were statistically associated with patients' age and aberrant methylation of p16, SFRP, and LINE1 (p<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed the overall predictive accuracy reached the highest (90.7%) if the four risk variables were concurrent to predict HCC development. Moreover, along with the growth of age from 0-40, 40-55, to 55-70 years or the increased number of aberrantly-methylated gene from 0-1 to 2-3, the HCC incidence rate of cirrhosis patients rised from 10.00%, 12.28% to 82.14% and 17.44% to 89.47%, separately. Thus, based on combined analysis with diverse age and number of aberrantly-methylated gene, 105 cases were divided into five groups and computed their respective HCC incidecne rate to categorize them into different risk groups. Of note, A significant lifting of HCC incidence rate in the high-risk group (40-55 years coupled with 2-3 aberrantly-methylated genes, 55-70 years coupled with 0-1 aberrantly-methylated gene, 55-70 years coupled with 2-3 aberrantly-methylated genes; n=33) was observed compared with the low-risk group (0-40 years coupled with 0-1 aberrantly-methylated gene, 40-55 years coupled with 0-1 aberrantly-methylated gene; (n=72) (p<0.01). Conclusions: Ultimately, high-risk cirrhosis patients with 55-over years or 2-3 aberrantly-methylated genes should be paid more attention to be regularly screened with HCC development.

19.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 1-7, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the regulation of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) expression bythe brother of the regulator of the imprinted site (BORIS) in hepatocellular carcinoma cell. METHODS: The expression of SOCS3 mRNA in HCC cell lines was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The expression of SOCS3 protein in knockdown and overexpression BORIS of HCC cell lines was tested by Western blot. The SOCS3 gene promoter methylation statusin the knockdown and overexpression BORIS of hepatocarcinoma cell lines was detected by using methylation specific PCR (MSP-PCR) method.The potential BORIS binding site of SOCS3promoter region was found by UCSC database analysis.The enrichment of BORIS in SOCS3 promoter region in endogenous high expression BORIS of HCC cells was evaluated by using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-qPCR (ChIP-qPCR).The SOCS3 promoter region histone methylation status in the knockdown and overexpression BORIS of HCC was detected by ChIP-qPCR. RESULTS: The expression of SOCS3 mRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma cells was higher and SOCS3 protein expression was down-regulated or up-regulated in the knockdown or overexpression of BORIS mRNA hepatocarcinoma cells,so BORIS has a positive regulatory effect on SOCS3 protein expression in hepatocarcinoma cells. MSP-PCR experiments showed that the SOCS3 promoter in SMMC-7721 and HepG2 cells was unmethylated and knockdown of BORIS did not change the methylation status; the SOCS3 promoter region of Huh7 cells was methylated; after overexpression of BORIS,the SOCS3 promoter region was changed to an unmethylated state; the SOCS3 promoter was unmethylated in HCCLM3,overexpression of BORIS did not alter the methylation status. The ChIP-qPCR assay demonstrated that BORIS specifically binds to the SOCS3 promoter region in HCC cells with high expression of BORIS. Histone methylation assay indicated that knockdown of BORIS reduced BORIS enrichment in the SOCS3 promoter region, with decreasing H3K4 me2 and increasing H3K27 me3 in the region of histone,whereas the overexpress BORIS in HCC cells showed the opposite situation. CONCLUSION: BORIS plays a role of epigenetic regulationon SOCS3 gene promoter methylation and histone methylation,modulating the expression of SOCS3,and then involved in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Metilação de DNA , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
20.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 99: 125-132, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627440

RESUMO

A physical stimuli, it has been reported that cyclic tensile strain can promote bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to differentiate into cardiomyocytes, but the underlying mechanisms have been poorly elucidated so far. Here, we used a mimicking loading strain, cyclic biaxial tensile strain (CBTS), and found it can promote BMSCs to differentiate into cardiomyocytes. When the CBTS were loaded, the cells expressed cardiac-specific markers GATA4, TNNT2, MEF-2c, and Cx43, meanwhile we found miR-27a decreased and stem cell factor (SCF) increased. When we overexpressed miR-27a, the cardiac-specific markers were down-regulated; we got the same results when SCF was knocked down by siRNA. Interestingly, we found SCF is a potential target of miR-27a by a bioinformatic analysis. So, we overexpressed miR-27a, and found SCF decreased both in mRNA and protein level. And, When miR-27a was co-transfected with SCF-3'UTR, it significantly reduced the luciferase activity, but not when co-transfected with SCF-3'UTR mutation plasmid. Furthermore, after transfected both miR-27a and SCF siRNA, and the protein expression of the markers were more down-regulated than that of single of them. Taken together, we found CBTS can promote BMSCs to differentiate into cardiomyocytes, and miR-27a functions as a mechano-sensitive miRNA in this process by targeting SCF.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/fisiologia , Diferenciação Celular , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Estresse Mecânico , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Resistência à Tração
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