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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 732: 139276, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438156

RESUMO

The wide applications of rare earth oxide nanoparticles (REO NPs) in various fields and their subsequent release into the environment have attracted the research of their effects on organisms. In this study, the toxicity of yttrium oxide (Y2O3) NPs to tobacco BY-2 cells was evaluated and the importance of phosphate in the medium on the toxicity of Y2O3 NPs was revealed. 50 mg L-1 Y2O3 NPs induced 52.4% cellular growth inhibition after 24-h exposure. Phosphate inhibited the release of Y3+ from Y2O3 NPs from 6.00 to 0.04 mg L-1 at 24 h, thus reduced the toxicity of Y2O3 NPs. The surface charge of Y2O3 NPs changed from 24.0 mV (in deionized water) to -7.6 mV (in phosphate solution), which induced the aggregation of Y2O3 NPs. The change of surface properties reduced the direct nanotoxicity of Y2O3 NPs. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction results demonstrated that phosphate transformed the surface of Y2O3 NPs to amorphous YPO4. This surface transformation decreased phosphate concentration in the medium. The dialysis membrane encapsulation experiment further identified the contribution percentage of direct nanotoxicity and indirect toxicity (i.e., phosphate depletion) of Y2O3 NPs to tobacco BY-2 cells in the presence of phosphate to be 68.3% and 31.7%, respectively. This study highlights the significant role of phosphate in altering the environmental behavior and toxicity of REO NPs.

2.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 105: 103636, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279855

RESUMO

Mechanical loading plays an important role in maintaining disc health and function, and in particular, excessive mechanical loading has been identified as one of major reasons of disc degeneration. Intervertebral disc organ culture serves as a valuable tool to study disc biology/pathology. In this study, we report the development and validation of a new mouse disc organ culture system by dynamically applying compression loading in a customized micro-culture device tailored for mouse lumbar discs. Precise axial compression force was delivered by a computer-controlled system consisting of a robust micromechanical linear actuator, a force sensitive resistor, and a precision micro-stepping machinery. Customized PDMS-based loading chambers allowed simultaneous loading of six discs per regimen, which streamlined the workflow to reach sufficient statistic power. The detrimental loading regimen of mouse lumbar discs (0.5 MPa of axial compression at 1Hz for 7 days) was demonstrated through live-dead assay, histology, and fluorescence probe based collagen staining. In addition, various mechanical compression profiles were simulated using different materials and geometry designs, potentiating for more sophisticated loading protocols. In summary, we developed a new mechanical loading system for dynamic axial compression of mouse discs, which created a unique avenue to study disc pathogenesis with enriched mouse species-related resources, and complemented the existing spectrum of bioreactor systems predominately for discs of human and large animals.

3.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231405, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32287322

RESUMO

This paper presents a conceptual wind vector detector for measuring the velocity and direction of wind in enclosed or semi-enclosed large spaces. Firstly, a thermal wind sensor with constant power control was manufactured and then used as a wind velocity sensing unit. Secondly, a sensor bracket equipped with three thermal wind sensors was designed, the fluid dynamic response regularity of the measured wind field to the sensor bracket was analyzed using ANSYS Fluent CFD software, and then its structural parameters were optimized to improve measurement accuracy. The sensor bracket was fabricated via 3D printing. Finally, a unique wind vector measurement method was developed for the wind vector detector. Experimental results showed that the measured velocity range of the thermal wind sensor satisfied the requirements of being within 0-15 m/s with an accuracy of ±0.3 m/s, and the wind direction angle range of the wind vector detector was within 0-360° with an accuracy of ±5°. By changing the applied power control value of the thermal wind sensor and structural parameters of the sensor bracket, the measurement range and accuracy of the wind vector detector can be adjusted to suit different applications.

4.
Water Res ; 174: 115622, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145554

RESUMO

The sulfate radical (•SO4-)-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for the degradation of refractory organic pollutants consume a large amount of persulfate activators and often generate toxic organic by-products. In this study, we proposed a novel iron-cycling process integrating •SO4--based AOP mediated by reusable iron particles and a sulfidogenic process to degrade and detoxify Orange II completely. The rusted waste iron particles (Fe0@FexOy), which contained FeII/FeIII oxides (FexOy) on the shell and zero-valent iron (Fe0) in the core, efficiently activated persulfate to produce •SO4- and hydroxyl radicals (•OH) to degrade over 95% of Orange II within 120 min. Both •SO4- and •OH destructed Orange II through a sequence of electron transfer, electrophilic addition and hydrogen abstraction reactions to generate several organic by-products (e.g., aromatic amines and phenol), which were more toxic than the untreated Orange II. The AOP-generated organic by-products were further mineralized and detoxified in a sulfidogenic bioreactor with sewage treatment together. In a 170-d trial, the organic carbon removal efficiency was up to 90%. The inhibition of the bioreactor effluents on the growth of Chlorella pyrenoidosa became negligible, due to the complete degradation and mineralization of toxic AOP-generated by-products by aromatic-degrading bacteria (e.g., Clostridium and Dechloromonas) and other bacteria. The sulfidogenic process also well recovered the used Fe0@FexOy particles through the reduction of surface FeIII back into FeII by hydrogen sulfide formed and iron-reducing bacteria (e.g., Sulfurospirillum and Paracoccus). The regenerated Fe0@FexOy particles had more reactive surface FeII sites and exhibited much better reactivity in activating persulfate in at least 20 reuse cycles. The findings demonstrate that the integrated process is a promising solution to the remediation of toxic and refractory organic pollutants because it reduces the chemical cost of persulfate activation and also completely detoxifies the toxic by-products.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Compostos Azo , Benzenossulfonatos , Ferro , Oxirredução , Sulfatos
5.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 73(5): 309-313, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060486

RESUMO

To study differences in SRB1 gene expression between Candida albicans fluconazole-resistant strains and fluconazole-sensitive strains, and to identify new antifungal drug treatment targets. We studied 30 fluconazole-resistant and 47 fluconazole-sensitive C. albicans strains. The strains were routinely cultured, and total RNA was extracted, reverse transcribed into cDNA and analyzed with real-time PCR amplification with 18S rRNA used as an internal reference gene. The expression levels of the two groups were analyzed in Light Cycler system software version 3.0, and independent Student's t test was performed in SPSS 19.0 statistical software. P < 0.05 was considered to indicate a statistical difference. DNAMAN multiple sequence alignment analysis was used to randomly analyze SBR1 related sequences of four resistant strains and four sensitive strains. An evolutionary tree was constructed with the maximum likelihood method in Mega6.0 software. The mean SRB1 gene expression in the drug-resistant group was 0.75138 × 10-3, and that in the sensitive group was 1.6664 × 10-3. Independent Student's t test indicated a statistically significant difference (T = -3.972, P = 0.000, P < 0.05). DNAMAN multiple sequence alignment analysis showed that the sequence identity of the CDS in the eight strains was 75.17%, and that of sequences 1000 bp upstream of the CDS was 96.35%. Cluster analysis showed that the CDS and sequences 1000 bp upstream of the CDS showed no significant differences between groups. At the mRNA level, the SRB1 gene expression in fluconazole-resistant C. albicans was lower than that in fluconazole-sensitive strains, thus suggesting that the gene may be associated with drug resistance and that the regulatory mechanism leading to this difference is complex.

6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 29, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recessive mutations in GJB2 is the most common cause of genetic hearing loss worldwide. The aim of this study is to determine the spectrum and frequency of GJB2 variants in Chinese Han deaf patients and to investigate the underlying causative genes in patients with mono-allelic GJB2 mutations. METHODS: We analyzed the mutation screening results of GJB2 in 1852 Chinese Han probands with apparently autosomal-recessive hearing loss in our laboratory. Targeted next-generation sequencing of 139 known deafness-related genes were performed in 44 probands with mono-allelic GJB2 mutations. RESULTS: Bi-allelic GJB2 mutations was identified in 25.65% of patients, in which the c.235delC (p.L79Cfs*3) mutation is the most frequent cause for both severe-to-profound (84.93%) and mild-to-moderate hearing loss (54.05%), while the c.109G > A (p.V37I) mutation is another frequent cause for mild-to-moderate hearing loss (40.54%). In 3.89% of patients only one mutant allele can be identified in GJB2. Targeted next generation sequencing in 44 such probands revealed digenic heterozygous mutations in GJB2/GJB6 and GJB2/GJB3 as the likely pathogenic mechanism in three probands. In 13 probands, on the other hand, pathogenic mutations in other deafness-associated genes (STRC, EYA1, MITF, PCDH15, USH2A, MYO15A, CDH23, OTOF, SLC26A4, SMPX, and TIMM8A) can be identified as the independent genetic cause, suggesting that the mono-allelic GJB2 mutations in those probands is likely co-incidental. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that GJB2 should be a primary target for mutation screening in Chinese Han deaf patients, and those with mono-allelic GJB2 mutations should be further screened by next generation sequencing.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18417, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852166

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Spontaneous absorption of lenses or cataracts is rare. However, lens capsule attachment to the endothelium combined with corneal decompensation can still occur. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 81-year-old male presented with left eye pain and bulbar conjunctival injection for 6 months. Diffuse corneal edema and inferior bullous lesions were observed by slit-lamp microscopy. Following examination with swept-source optical coherence tomography, we could clearly identify a membrane structure adherent to the corneal endothelium, as well as a lens not in situ. In vivo confocal microscopy found decreased corneal endothelial density of 745 ±â€Š46 cells per mm in the left eye. DIAGNOSIS: Lens dislocation and spontaneous absorption, combined with corneal decompensation were diagnosed. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical removal of the membrane structure combined with anterior vitrectomy was performed. OUTCOMES: The patient's symptoms were partly relieved. However, the corneal endothelial decompensation could not be entirely reversed. In vivo confocal microscopy verified that corneal endothelium was in situ and the density was not significantly changed in the left eye. LESSONS: This case study reports a rare dislocation and spontaneous absorption of lens without any trauma or subsequent surgery. Moreover, it demonstrates corneal endothelial decompensation due to the lens capsule adhering to the corneal endothelium. Timely intervention is required to remove the dislocated lens and prevent complications.


Assuntos
Cápsula Anterior do Cristalino/patologia , Doenças da Córnea/patologia , Subluxação do Cristalino/patologia , Cristalino/patologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Catarata/complicações , Doenças da Córnea/etiologia , Doenças da Córnea/cirurgia , Epitélio Posterior , Humanos , Subluxação do Cristalino/diagnóstico , Subluxação do Cristalino/etiologia , Masculino , Microscopia com Lâmpada de Fenda , Vitrectomia
8.
Environ Int ; 133(Pt A): 105170, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629171

RESUMO

Ecosystem health assessment is an important method for obtaining information on ecosystem conditions, and it plays a vital role in preserving and enhancing ecosystem health status. In addition, it provides useful information and knowledge for urban agglomeration development decision makers. However, ecological phenomena often vary considerably from one observation to the next, which makes it difficult to distinguish different status of the ecosystem health. In this study, hidden Markov model (HMM) was employed to simulate the internal-external correlations of ecosystem status through establishing the relationships between internal ecological health level and combination state of external observation. Based on the statistics and land use data in 2001, 2007 and 2013, the Vigor-Organization-Resilience (VOR) framework was employed to identify the ecosystem health in Shanghai-Hangzhou Bay Metropolitan (SHBM), in which the ecosystem health state was considered as a hidden state that could be estimated according to the conditions of vigor, organization and resilience. In addition, two parameter learning cases including mathematical statistics and extensible sequence method were employed to solve the iterative convergence problem of parameters in short-time series of ecosystem health simulation. Results show that HMM not only provides a comparable descriptive ability to that of the VOR model, but also can monitor ecosystem health at the optimal grid scale in SHBM. The combination of HMM and VOR greatly expands the spatiotemporal characteristics and provides a new research approach for the study of ecosystem health assessment of urban agglomerations.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Baías , China , Monitorização de Parâmetros Ecológicos , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov
9.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 8911-8921, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632151

RESUMO

Purpose: Metadherin (MTDH), as an oncogene, is associated with metastasis and poor prognosis. This study investigated MTDH expressions and development of gastric cancer (GC) cell phenotypes and the contribution of MTDH to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Patients and methods: MTDH expression was assayed in human GC cell lines and tumor tissue from 92 GC patients. Functional experiments were performed to characterize MTDH activity. Expressions of EMT-related proteins (vimentin and E-cadherin), phosphorylated ß-catenin and ß-catenin were assayed by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and co-immunoprecipitation, respectively. Results: MTDH expressions were higher in GC tissue than that in gastric mucosa from the same patient. MTDH overexpression was correlated with metastasis and enhanced malignant GC phenotypes, i.e., proliferation, migration, invasiveness, and chemoresistance. MTDH overexpression was associated with expressions of vimentin, E-cadherin and cancer stem-cell biomarkers including CD44, CD133, and Oct4. MTDH complexed with ß-catenin and decreased phosphorylated ß-catenin levels to facilitate ß-catenin translocation into the nucleus and expressions of downstream genes. Conclusion: MTDH overexpression in GC cells is associated with EMT and development of cancer stem cell malignant phenotypes and affects the subcellular translocation of ß-catenin. The results warrant investigation of the prognostic value of MTDH in GC and as a therapeutic target.

10.
J Med Internet Res ; 21(9): e13587, 2019 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rapid development of genetic and genomic technologies, such as next-generation sequencing and genome editing, has made disease treatment much more precise and effective. The technologies' value can only be realized by the aggregation and analysis of people's genomic and health data. However, the collection and sharing of genomic data has many obstacles, including low data quality, information islands, tampering distortions, missing records, leaking of private data, and gray data transactions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to prove that emerging blockchain technology provides a solution for the protection and management of sensitive personal genomic data because of its decentralization, traceability, encryption algorithms, and antitampering features. METHODS: This paper describes the case of a blockchain-based genomic big data platform, LifeCODE.ai, to illustrate the means by which blockchain enables the storage and management of genomic data from the perspectives of data ownership, data sharing, and data security. RESULTS: Blockchain opens up new avenues for dealing with data ownership, data sharing, and data security issues in genomic big data platforms and realizes the psychological empowerment of individuals in the platform. CONCLUSIONS: The blockchain platform provides new possibilities for the management and security of genetic data and can help realize the psychological empowerment of individuals in the process, and consequently, the effects of data self-governance, incentive-sharing, and security improvement can be achieved. However, there are still some problems in the blockchain that have not been solved, and which require continuous in-depth research and innovation in the future.

11.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 399, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sampling methodologies for mosquitoes that are capable of transmitting vector-borne infectious diseases provide critical information on entomological endpoints. Reliable and meaningful field data is vital to the understanding of basic vector biology as well as disease transmission. Various traps take advantage of different vector behaviors and are inevitably subject to sampling biases. This study represents the first comparison of kelambu traps (KT) to barrier screens (BS), barrier screens with eaves (BSE) and indoor and outdoor human landing catches (HLCs). METHODS: Two trap comparison studies were undertaken. In the first study, mosquitoes were collected in Karama over 26 trapping nights to evaluate the kelambu trap relative to indoor and outdoor HLCs. In the second study, mosquitoes were collected in Karama over 12 trapping nights to compare the kelambu trap, barrier screen, barrier screen with eaves and outdoor HLCs. The kelambu trap, barrier screen and barrier screen with eaves obstruct the flight of mosquitos. HLCs target host-seeking behaviors. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between indoor and outdoor HLCs for overall Anopheles mosquito abundance. All five of the molecularly identified Anopheles species collected by HLCs, An. aconitus, An. barbirostris, An. peditaeniatus, An. vagus and An. tessellatus, are reported as vectors of malaria in Indonesia. The kelambu trap (n = 2736) collected significantly more Anopheles mosquitoes than indoor HLCs (n = 1286; Z = 3.193, P = 0.004), but not the outdoor HLCs (n = 1580; Z = 2.325, P = 0.053). All traps collected statistically similar abundances for the primary species, An. barbirostris. However, both comparison studies found significantly higher abundances for the kelambu trap for several secondary species compared to all other traps: An. nigerriumus, An. parangensis, An. tessellatus and An. vagus. The kelambu trap retained the highest species richness and Gini-Simpson's diversity index for both comparison studies. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the kelambu trap collects overall Anopheles abundance and species-specific abundances at statistically similar or higher rates than HLCs in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Therefore, the kelambu trap should be considered as an exposure-free alternative to HLCs for research questions regarding Anopheles species in this malaria endemic region.


Assuntos
Anopheles , Comportamento Alimentar , Controle de Mosquitos/métodos , Mosquitos Vetores , Animais , Entomologia/instrumentação , Entomologia/métodos , Indonésia , Especificidade da Espécie
12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 5098-5107, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207045

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to elucidate whether paeoniflorin (PF) exerted an effect on cisplatin-induced spiral ganglion neuron (SGN) damage, with special attention given to the role of PINK1/BAD pathway in this process. Middle cochlear turn culture and C57BL/6 mice were utilized to identify the character of PF in vitro and in vivo. We found that cisplatin treatment led to SGN damage, in which reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation increased, PINK1 expression decreased, BAD accumulation on mitochondria raised and mitochondrial apoptotic pathway activated. Conversely, we demonstrated that PF pre-treatment obviously mitigated cisplatin-induced SGN damage. Mechanistic studies showed that PF could reduce ROS levels, increase PINK1 expression, decrease the BAD accumulation on mitochondria and, thus, alleviate the activated mitochondrial apoptosis in SGNs caused by cisplatin. Overall, the findings from this work reveal the important role of PF and provide another strategy against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity.

13.
Life Sci ; 229: 36-45, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085242

RESUMO

AIMS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) show great potential in clinical applications such as in intervertebral disc degeneration. Nevertheless, environmental stress during the BMSC transplant or in the injured tissues is a catastrophic factor that causes cell toxicity and poor survival of BMSCs. Mitophagy plays a vital role in maintaining cellular homeostasis and defending against oxidative stress because this process could control mitochondrial quality and quantity by eliminating dysfunctional or damaged mitochondria that can cause cell death. However, the accurate mechanisms of mitophagy in protecting BMSCs against the harshness of oxidative stress remain largely unknown. MAIN METHODS: BMSCs were treated with H2O2 for various time periods. Mitophagy response was evaluated through the expression levels of LC3-II, p62 and mitophagosomal formation by using Western blot and fluorescence analysis. Cell apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry and TUNEL assay. The interactions of mitophagy and apoptosis and the possible signalling pathways were investigated through the co-treatment of mitophagy inhibitor or mitophagy activator with H2O2. KEY FINDINGS: Oxidative stress rapidly facilitated mitophagy through JNK at an early stage but decreased mitophagy and increased apoptosis at a late stage. Furthermore, mitophagy inhibition significantly enhanced the apoptosis in the cells treated by H2O2. SIGNIFICANCE: Induced mitophagy may play pivotal roles in protecting cells against oxidative stress in BMSCs.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Autofagia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Substâncias Protetoras , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Tissue Cell ; 58: 130-133, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133241

RESUMO

The increasingly competitive biopharmaceutical industry requires companies to focus on rapid and low-cost cell line development. Single-cell cloning (SCC) is a critical and high-value process for cell line development, and typically problematic because single cell proliferates slowly when cultivated at low cell densities. Conditioned media (CM) provide autocrine growth factors to facilitate single cell proliferation, thus improve SCC efficiency. However, conditioned media (CM) are not a feasible solution for industrial cell line development due to variation and cross-contamination concerns. Here, we have found an improvement in the SCC efficiency similar to CM when soy hydrolysate was supplemented in SCC media. Therefore, we concluded that hydrolysate can mimic the autocrine growth factor(s) effect to improve cloning efficiency observed in CM.


Assuntos
Comunicação Autócrina , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Hidrolisados de Proteína , Proteínas de Soja , Animais , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/química , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/química , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Proteínas de Soja/química , Proteínas de Soja/farmacologia
15.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 55, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30992009

RESUMO

Titanium (Ti) and its alloys as bio-implants have excellent biocompatibilities and osteogenic properties after modification of chemical composition and topography via various methods. The corrosion resistance of these modified materials is of great importance for changing oral system, while few researches have reported this point. Recently, oxidative corrosion induced by cellular metabolites has been well concerned. In this study, we explored the corrosion behaviors of four common materials (commercially pure Ti, cp-Ti; Sandblasting and acid etching-modified Ti, Ti-SLA; nanowires-modified Ti, Ti-NW; and zinc-containing nanowires-modified Ti, Ti-NW-Zn) with excellent biocompatibilities and osteogenic capacities under the macrophages induced-oxidizing microenvironment. The results showed that the materials immersed into a high oxidizing environment were more vulnerable to corrode. Meanwhile, different surfaces also showed various corrosion susceptibilities under oxidizing condition. Samples embed with zinc element exhibited more excellent corrosion resistance compared with other three surfaces exposure to excessive H2O2. Besides, we found that zinc-decorated Ti surfaces inhibited the adhesion and proliferation of macrophages on its surface and induced the M2 states of macrophages to better healing and tissue reconstruction. Most importantly, zinc-decorated Ti surfaces markedly increased the expressions of antioxidant enzyme relative genes in macrophages. It improved the oxidation microenvironment around the materials and further protected their properties. In summary, our results demonstrated that Ti-NW-Zn surfaces not only provided excellent corrosion resistance properties, but also inhibited the adhesion of macrophages. These aspects were necessary for maintaining osseointegration capacity and enhancing the corrosion resistance of Ti in numerous medical applications, particularly in dentistry.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Nanofios/química , Titânio/química , Zinco/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Adesão Celular , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Corrosão , Implantes Dentários , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Oxirredução , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
J Immunol Res ; 2019: 9394615, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008116

RESUMO

Tumor vaccines offer a number of advantages for cancer treatment. In the study, the vaccination with cancer stem cells (CSCs) with high expression of the type I receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor (ROR1) was evaluated in a murine model for the vaccine's immunogenicity and protective efficacy against epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). CD117+CD44+ CSCs were isolated from human EOC HO8910 cell line using a magnetic-activated cell sorting system; murine ID8 EOC suspension sphere cells, which are collectively known as cancer stem-like cells, were acquired from serum-free suspension sphere-forming culture. Mice were subcutaneously immunized with the repeat cycles of freezing and thawing whole HO8910 CD117+CD44+ CSCs and ID8 cancer stem-like cells, respectively, followed by a challenge with HO8910 or ID8 cells at one week after final vaccination. The results showed that the CSC vaccination significantly induced immunity against EOC growth and markedly prolonged the survival of EOC-bearing mice in the prophylactic setting compared with non-CSC vaccination. Flow cytometry showed significantly increased immunocyte cytotoxicities and remarkably reduced CSC counts in the CSC-vaccinated mice. Moreover, the protective efficacy against EOC was decreased when the ROR1 expression was downregulated by shRNA in CSC vaccines. The findings from the study suggest that CSC vaccines with high ROR1 expression were highly effective in triggering immunity against EOC in vaccinated mice and may serve as an effective vaccine for EOC immunoprophylaxis.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/prevenção & controle , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/genética , Animais , Vacinas Anticâncer/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias Ovarianas/prevenção & controle , Vacinação
17.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1130: 73-92, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915702

RESUMO

It is estimated that at least 50% of congenital or childhood hearing loss is attributable to genetic causes. In non-syndromic hearing loss, which accounts for 70% of genetic hearing loss, approximately 80% of cases are autosomal recessive, 15% autosomal dominant, and 1-2% mitochondrial or X-linked. In addition, 30% of genetic hearing loss is syndromic. The genetic causes of hearing loss are highly heterogeneous. So far, more than 140 deafness-related genes have been discovered. Studies on those genes tremendously increased our understanding of the inner ear functions at the molecular level. It also offers important information for the patients and allows personalized and accurate genetic counseling. In many cases, genetic diagnosis of hearing loss can help to avoid unnecessary and costly clinical testing, offer prognostic information, and guide future medical management. On the other hand, a variety of gene therapeutic approaches have been developed aiming to relieve or converse the hearing loss due to genetic causes. Prevention of genetic hearing loss is feasible through prepregnancy and prenatal genetic diagnosis and counseling.


Assuntos
Surdez/diagnóstico , Surdez/prevenção & controle , Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva/prevenção & controle , Surdez/genética , Orelha Interna , Feminino , Aconselhamento Genético , Perda Auditiva/genética , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 653: 675-683, 2019 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30759593

RESUMO

The increasing occurrence of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in soils may decrease water uptake in crops, followed by lower crop yield and quality. As one of the most common rare earth oxide NPs, lanthanum oxide (La2O3) NPs may inhibit the relative expressions of aquaporin genes, thus reduce water uptake. In the present study, maize plants were exposed to different La2O3 NPs concentrations (0, 5, 50 mg L-1) for 72 h and 144 h right after the first leaf extended completely. Our results revealed that water uptake was reduced by La2O3 NPs through accelerating the development of apoplastic barriers in maize roots. The level of abscisic acid, determined by using ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, was increased upon La2O3 NPs exposure. Furthermore, ZmPAL, ZmCCR2 and ZmCAD6, the core genes specific for biosynthesis of lignin, were up-regulated by 3-13 fold in roots exposed to 50 mg L-1 La2O3 NPs. However, ZmF5H was suppressed, indicating that lignin with S units could be excluded for the formed lignin in apoplastic barriers upon La2O3 NPs exposure. The level of essential component of apoplastic barriers - lignin was increased by 1.5-fold. The early development of apoplastic barriers was observed, and stomatal conductance and transpiration rate of La2O3 NPs-treated plants were significantly decreased by 63%-83% and 42%-86%, respectively, as compared to the control. The lignin enriched apoplastic barriers in juvenile maize thus led to the reduction of water uptake, subsequently causing significant growth inhibition. This is the first study to show early development of root apoplastic barriers upon La2O3 NPs exposure. This study will help us better understand the function of apoplastic barriers in roots in response to NPs, further providing fundamental knowledge to develop safer and more efficient agricultural nanotechnology.


Assuntos
Lantânio/toxicidade , Lignina/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Óxidos/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Água/metabolismo , Zea mays/efeitos dos fármacos , Transporte Biológico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Lantânio/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óxidos/química , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/química , Zea mays/metabolismo
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 369: 31-39, 2019 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763797

RESUMO

The initial pH value of sludge affects sludge anaerobic digestion and dewatering performance. In order to determine the suitable pH value and decrease the sludge digestion time, in this study, the effect and the mechanism of combined acidification and anaerobic mesophilic digestion (acid-AMD) on sludge dewaterability were investigated. The changes and relationships among the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), physicochemical properties, and rheological behavior of the treated sludge were analyzed. The results indicated that the combined acid-AMD treatment improved sludge dewaterability approximately 36.08% and 30.28% compared to the acid conditioning and AMD treatment, respectively. The factors improving sludge dewaterability include a lower sludge pH value and appropriate duration of AMD, changes in particle size, surface properties and distribution of the EPS fractions. The acid-AMD treatment hydrolyzed the EPS, loosening the sludge structure. These changes reflected in the rheological properties of the sludge. After the treatment, the network strength and colloid force of the sludge weakened. The linear viscoelastic region contracted, and the sludge system became sensitive to shear. These results demonstrated that rheological analysis can help explain the sludge dewatering mechanism. The acid-AMD treatment effectively changed the distribution of EPS that play a vital role in sludge dewaterability.

20.
Exp Eye Res ; 185: 107598, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797758

RESUMO

Kinesins are a superfamily of motor proteins and are often dysregulated in many cancers. KIF15, which belongs to the kinesin-12 family, has been shown to function in many different cellular processes, including proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and development. However, the role of KIF15 in melanoma, remains unknown. In this study, the expression levels of KIF15 in melanoma cells lines and tissues were determined via real-time PCR, immunohistochemical staining and western blot. The effect of KIF15 on tumorigenesis was evaluated by using MTT and colony information. The function of KIF15 on cell survival was detected through flow cytometry assay. Microarray assay and bioinformatics analysis were used to find the potential target of KIF15. We show that KIF15 was significantly upregulated in melanoma cells and tissues. The suppression of KIF15 in tumors significantly reduced tumor growth and increased apoptosis in A375 and OCM1 cells. Findings based on the subcutaneous xenograft model were further consistent with the in vitro results that KIF15 knockdown inhibited melanoma tumor growth in vivo. Microarray assay and bioinformatics indicated that BIRC5, CDK4 and WNT5A were three potential targets of KIF15. Taken together, our results suggest that KIF15 plays a positive role in the tumorigenicity of melanoma and it may serve as a novel diagnostic and therapeutic target for melanoma, especially uveal melanoma.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Cinesina/fisiologia , Melanoma/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/fisiologia , Neoplasias Uveais/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos SCID , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Survivina/metabolismo , Transfecção , Transplante Heterólogo , Neoplasias Uveais/genética , Neoplasias Uveais/metabolismo , Proteína Wnt-5a/metabolismo
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