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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 695750, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603198

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies showed altered angiopoietin-like protein-8 (ANGPTL-8) and resistin circulating levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Whether or not the alteration in ANGPTL-8 and resistin level can be a predictive maker for increased diabetic nephropathy risk remains unclear. Aim: To Investigate the possible association of ANGPTL-8 and resistin with DN, and whether this association is affected by NAFLD status. Methods: A total of 278 T2DM patients were enrolled. Serum levels of ANGPTL8, resistin, BMI, blood pressure, duration of diabetes, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose (FPG), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), lipid profile, liver, and kidney function tests were assessed. The relationship between DN with ANGPTL8 and resistin was analyzed in the unadjusted and multiple-adjusted regression models. Results: Serum levels of ANGPTL8 and resistin were significantly higher in DN compared with T2DM subjects without DN (respectively; P <0.001), especially in non-NAFLD populations. ANGPTL8 and resistin showed positive correlation with hs-CRP (respectively; P<0.01), and negative correlation with estimated GFR (eGFR) (respectively; P=<0.001) but no significant correlation to HOMA-IR(respectively; P>0.05). Analysis showed ANGPTL8 levels were positively associated with resistin but only in T2DM patients with DN(r=0.1867; P<0.05), and this significant correlation disappeared in T2DM patients without DN. After adjusting for confounding factors, both ANGPTL8(OR=2.095, 95%CI 1.253-3.502 P=0.005) and resistin (OR=2.499, 95%CI 1.484-4.208 P=0.001) were risk factors for DN. Data in non-NAFLD population increased the relationship between ANGPTL8 (OR=2.713, 95% CI 1.494-4.926 P=0.001), resistin (OR=4.248, 95% CI 2.260-7.987 P<0.001)and DN. The area under the curve (AUC) on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of the combination of ANGPTL8 and resistin was 0.703, and the specificity was 70.4%. These data were also increased in non-NAFLD population, as the AUC (95%CI) was 0.756, and the specificity was 91.2%. Conclusion: This study highlights a close association between ANGPTL8, resistin and DN, especially in non-NAFLD populations. These results suggest that ANGPTL-8 and resistin may be risk predictors of DN.

2.
Endocrine ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608552

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The differential diagnosis of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-dependent Cushing's syndrome remains a challenge in clinical practice. The present study was aimed at assessing the diagnostic performance of pituitary dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI), high-dose dexamethasone suppression test (HDDST), and a combination of both tests for patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. METHODS: A total of 119 consecutive patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome confirmed surgically were enrolled: 101 with proven Cushing's disease and 18 with proven ectopic ACTH syndrome. All patients underwent pituitary dMRI and HDDST. The sensitivity and specificity of pituitary dMRI, HDDST, and a combination of both tests were determined. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of pituitary dMRI for diagnosing Cushing's disease were 80.2 and 83.3%, respectively, with a positive predictive value of 96.4%. The sensitivity and specificity of HDDST were 70.3 and 77.8%, respectively, with positive predictive value of 94.7%. A combination of both tests showed that the combined criteria of more than 50% suppression of serum cortisol on HDDST and a positive pituitary dMRI finding yielded a high specificity of 94.4 and sensitivity of 59.4%. The combined criteria of more than 68% suppression on HDDST and/or a positive pituitary dMRI finding yielded a sensitivity of 86.1% and specificity of 83.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Pituitary dMRI was superior to HDDST in the differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. HDDST is recommended in combination with pituitary dMRI to establish a diagnosis process because of the significantly increased specificity with the combination.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt B): 127438, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653866

RESUMO

A low-temperature plasma device was developed to introduce N-containing moieties into biochar type CS-300 to improve ciprofloxacin removal. The sorption capacity of ciprofloxacin by the treated biochars was 2.61-4.26 times that of CS-300, and the mechanisms were explained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and site energy distribution analysis. The results showed that the π-π stacking mechanism dominated ciprofloxacin removal by biochars. Ammonia-plasma treatment introduced abundant amino and amide groups to CS-300. They increased the π electron density in the delocalized system in CS-300, thus enhancing ciprofloxacin removal by the π-π stacking mechanism. Plasma treatment also enhanced polar interactions between ciprofloxacin and CS-300 through hydrogen- and ionic bonding occurring at high-energy sites with energy over 10,000 J/mol, thereby increasing ciprofloxacin removal. The maximum removal efficiency of ciprofloxacin by the treated biochars reached 71.0-85.7% at pH 6, while that for CS-300 was only 31.6% and occurred at pH 4. This implied that plasma treatment not only greatly increased the maximum removal efficiency but also shifted the optimal pH from acidic to nearly-neutral condition. Our findings highlight that ammonia-plasma treatment is a promising technique to improve ciprofloxacin removal by biochars and the treated biochars have potential applications in its removal from water.

4.
Nanoscale ; 13(33): 13923-13942, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477675

RESUMO

Owing to their peculiar oxidative effect, silver cations (Ag+) are well known for their antimicrobial properties and explored as therapeutic agents for biomedical applications. Size control with improved dispersion and stability are the key factors of Ag NPs (silver nanoparticles) to be used in biomedical applications. Silver based nano-materials are highly efficient due to their biological, chemical and physical properties in comparison with bulk silver. Atomic scale fabrication is achieved by rearranging the internal components of a material, in turn, influencing the mechanical, electrical, magnetic, thermal and chemical properties. For instance, size and shape have a strong impact on the optical, thermal and catalytic properties of Ag NPs. Such properties can be tuned by controlling the surface/volume ratio of Ag nanostructures with a small size (ideally <100 nm), in turn showing peculiar biological activity different from that of bulk silver. Silver nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, thin films and nanorods can be synthesized by various physical, chemical and biological methods whose most recent implementations will be described in this review. By controlling the structure-functionality relationship, silver based nano-materials have high potential for commercialization in biomedical applications. Antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory Ag NPs can be applied in several fields such as pharmaceutics, sensors, coatings, cosmetics, wound healing, bio-labelling agents, antiviral drugs, and packaging.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanoestruturas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Prata
5.
Acta Cir Bras ; 36(7): e360705, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495140

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) on spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced motor dysfunction and to explore the possible pharmacological mechanisms. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats were used in our study. SCI was achieved by clipping the spinal cord T9 of the rat by a vascular clip for 2 minutes. The motor function of the rat was evaluated by Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scoring method (BBB) and inclined plane test. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, NISSL staining, and transmission electron microscopic examination were used to evaluate alterations at the histological level. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blots, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were employed in biochemical analysis. RESULTS: The BBB score and inclined plane test score significantly decreased after SCI surgery, whereas chronic FA treatment (dose of 90 mg/kg, i.g.) for 28 days improved SCI-induced motor dysfunction. HE staining showed that SCI surgery induced internal spinal cord edema, but the structural changes of the spinal cord could be reversed by FA treatment. NISSL staining and transmission electron microscopic examination confirmed the improvement of the effect of FA on the injury site. In the biochemical analysis, it could be found that FA inhibitedSCI-induced mRNA and protein overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α), as well as iNOS and COX-2 via the modulation of NF-κB level in the spinal cord of SCI rat. Moreover, the SCI-induced decrease of Bcl-2/Bax ratio was also reversed by FA treatment. However, the effect of FA on the expression of Beclin-1 was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: FA showed a therapeutic effect on SCI, which may be associated with the regulation of neuroinflammation and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Apoptose , Ácidos Cumáricos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Medula Espinal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Front Public Health ; 9: 710504, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557469

RESUMO

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is recognized as a major public health problem with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recently, angiopoietin-like protein 8 (ANGPTL8) was found to regulate lipid metabolism. Previous studies suggested that serum ANGPTL8 levels increased in patients with diabetes, especially in diabetic patients with albuminuria. This study aimed to investigate the association between circulating levels of ANGPTL8 and kidney function in the general population. Methods: The subjects were patients with renal dysfunction [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60/min/1.73 m2] from Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal study (the REACTION study). Each case was matched by age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) with one control whose eGFR was ≥ 90 ml/min/1.73 m2. The case and control groups were compared using a paired t-test. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of renal dysfunction (RD). Results: Among 135 case-control pairs, circulating ANGPTL8 levels were elevated in patients with RD compared to control subjects [799.96 (410.12-1086.44) vs. 609.58 (365.13-740.06) pg/ml, p < 0.05]. Partial correlations showed that ANGPTL8 levels were negatively correlated with eGFR (r = -0.26, p < 0.05). Multivariable-adjusted binary logistic regression analysis showed that elevated ANGPTL8 levels were associated with an increased risk of RD (OR in quartile 4 vs. 1, 3.80; 95% CI, 1.71-8.41). Interestingly, the association between ANGPTL8 levels and RD was consistent with the overall findings in both nondiabetic individuals (OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.09 to 1.91) and diabetic patients (OR, 2.71; 95% CI, 1.13-6.49) in the subgroup analyses. Furthermore, the estimates for this association were also significant in females (OR, 2.12; 95% CI, 1.33-3.37), individuals aged > 60 years (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.16-2.07), individuals with a BMI <24 (OR, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.16-2.39), and individuals without hyperlipidaemia (OR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.16-2.23) (all p-values <0.05). Conclusion: Elevated circulating ANGPTL8 levels were associated with increased risk of RD in the general population, especially among females, individuals aged > 60 years, individuals with a BMI < 24, individuals without diabetes mellitus, individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM), and individuals without hyperlipidaemia. This finding implies that ANGPTL8 may play a role in the pathological process of RD.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1163-1169, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487935

RESUMO

Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystals have promised new optoelectronic applications due to their unique material properties. In the present study, Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystalline films were prepared in situ in a polymer matrix. The Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) had good crystallinity and uniform size/spatial distributions in the polymer film. Bright dual-color emission and the long lifetime of the excited state of the dopant were observed from the host exciton and the Mn2+ dopant, respectively. Furthermore, magnetism was observed in the optimal Mn2+ concentration, implying that magnetic coupling was achieved in the Mn-doped perovskite lattice. The Mn-doped perovskite films also showed superior stability against moisture. To demonstrate the practicality of this composite film, a white light emitting device was fabricated by combining a single composite film with a blue light emitting diode; the device showed a high-quality white light emission, and the Commission Internationale De L'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinate of the white light emitting diode (WLED) (0.361, 0.326) was close to the optimal white color index. In this single-layer WLED, self-absorption among the luminous multilayers in traditional white light emitting diodes can be avoided. The study findings revealed that Mn-doped perovskite nanocrystalline films have many exciting properties, which bodes well for the fundamental study and design of high-performance optoelectronic devices.

8.
Small ; 17(40): e2103239, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486220

RESUMO

Nanomaterial-based photothermal and photocatalytic therapies are effective against various types of cancers. However, combining two or more materials is considered necessary to achieve the synergistic anticancer effects of photothermal and photocatalytic therapy, which made the preparation process complicated. Herein, the authors describe simple 2D titanium diselenide (TiSe2 ) nanosheets (NSs) that can couple photothermal therapy with photocatalytic therapy. The TiSe2 NSs are prepared using a liquid exfoliation method. They show a layered structure and possess high photothermal conversion efficiency (65.58%) and good biocompatibility. Notably, upon near-infrared irradiation, these NSs exhibit good photocatalytic properties with enhanced reactive oxygen species generation and H2 O2 decomposition in vitro. They can also achieve high temperatures, with heat improving their catalytic ability to further amplify oxidative stress and glutathione depletion in cancer cells. Furthermore, molecular mechanism studies reveal that the synergistic effects of photothermal and enhanced photocatalytic therapy can simultaneously lead to apoptosis and necrosis in cancer cells via the HSP90/JAK3/NF-κB/IKB-α/Caspase-3 pathway. Systemic exploration reveals that the TiSe2 NSs has an appreciable degradation rate and accumulates passively in tumor tissue, where they facilitate photothermal and photocatalytic effects without obvious toxicity. Their study thus indicates the high potential of biodegradable TiSe2 NSs in synergistic phototherapy for cancer treatment.

9.
Metabolism ; 124: 154874, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517014

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to evaluate the effect of NAFLD on the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)-based chronic kidney disease (CKD), and further test the joint effects and interactions between NAFLD status and individual metabolic element, as well as the total 'ABCs' metabolic goal achievement, on the CVD and CKD risk among 101,296 patients with prediabetes or diabetes from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: We conducted the study based on the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) study, a large-scale, population-based prospective cohort. After excluding alcohol abuse and other cause of hepatic diseases, we used fatty liver index (FLI) ≥ 60 as a proxy of NAFLD and stratified the probability of fibrosis by aspartate transaminase/alanine transaminase ratio (AAR) with cut-offs of 0.8 and 1.4. 'ABCs' metabolic goal was defined as subjects who had HbA1c < 6.5% (A), SBP/DBP < 130/80 mmHg (B), and LDL-C < 100 mg/dL (C). During 3.8 years follow-up, we validated 2340 CVD events based on medical records and identified 1943 participants developed CKD based on centrally tested eGFR. RESULTS: The multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.15 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05-1.27) for CVD events and 1.33 (95% CI, 1.20-1.48) for CKD among NAFLD patients, compared with participants without NAFLD. Of NAFLD patients, relative to individuals with low AAR (<0.8), those with high AAR (≥1.4) were more likely to experience CVD events [1.62 (1.21-2.18)] and CKD [1.63 (1.17-2.28)]. Participants with NAFLD and comorbid poorly controlled metabolic risk factors had higher risk of CVD events or CKD than having either alone, with a significant interaction between poor glycemic control and NAFLD on the risk of vascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: NAFLD was associated with incident CVD and CKD among patients with prediabetes or diabetes. Such associations were substantially modified by the comprehensive achievement of metabolic goal.

10.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational hyperglycemia increases the risk of diabetes in later life. However, the risk of future cardiovascular diseases (CVD) related to gestational hyperglycemia remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gestational hyperglycemia on the subsequent risk of CVD and its modifying factors among elderly Chinese women. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of elderly women from the baseline survey of Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study. Women with gestational hyperglycemia (n = 82), and controls matched by age and study site (n = 410) were included. Information on CVD, including reported coronary heart disease, stroke, or myocardial infarction, was collected through an interviewer-assisted questionnaire. RESULTS: Women with gestational hyperglycemia were more likely to develop diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-4.18) and CVD (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.05-3.74). Even without progressing to type 2 diabetes, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD (OR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.18-7.00). However, subgroup analysis indicated that compared with those without gestational hyperglycemia or hypertension, women with both gestational hyperglycemia and hypertension had higher risk of CVD (OR, 3.98; 95% CI, 1.65-9.58), whereas the risk estimate did not significantly change in women with gestational hyperglycemia alone (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 0.71-6.57). Stratified analysis indicated that among those with overweight/obesity, inactive physical activity, or unhealthy dietary habits, gestational hyperglycemia increased the risk of CVD. CONCLUSIONS: In elderly Chinese women, gestational hyperglycemia was associated with an increased risk of CVD in later life. This association was independent of the progression to diabetes and might be modified by lifestyle factors and hypertension.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between individual and combined cardiometabolic morbidities and incident cardiovascular events in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A prospective, nationwide, and population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 133572 participants aged ≥ 40 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. RESULTS: Compared with participants without diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia, participants with only diabetes (hazard ratio [HR], 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-1.90) or only hypertension (2.04; 1.82-2.28) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD events, while participants with only dyslipidemia (0.97; 0.84-1.12) exhibited no significantly higher risk for CVD events. When analyzed collectively, participants with diabetes plus hypertension (HR, 2.67; 95%CI, 2.33-3.06), diabetes plus dyslipidemia (1.57; 1.32-1.87), and hypertension plus dyslipidemia (2.12; 1.88-2.39) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD. Moreover, participants with the combination of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia exhibited the highest risk for CVD events (HR, 3.06; 95%CI, 2.71-3.46). Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for CVD associated with diabetes based on fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, oral glucose tolerance test-2h glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L, and hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% were 1.64 (1.51-1.78), 1.57 (1.45-1.69), and 1.54 (1.42-1.66), respectively; associated with hypertension based on systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg were 1.89 (1.76-2.03) and 1.74 (1.60-1.88), respectively; associated with dyslipidemia based on total cholesterol ≥6.22 mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥4.14 mmol/L, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <1.04 mmol/L, and triglycerides ≥2.26 mmol/L were 1.18 (1.08-1.30), 1.30 (1.17-1.44), 1.00 (0.92-1.09), and 1.10 (1.01-1.20), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia showed additive associations with the risk of CVD events in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.

12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 696505, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367068

RESUMO

Brown and beige adipose tissues possess the remarkable capacity to convert energy into heat, which potentially opens novel therapeutic perspectives targeting the epidemic of metabolic syndromes such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. These thermogenic fats implement mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and uncouple respiration to catabolize fatty acids and glucose, which leads to an increase in energy expenditure. In particular, beige adipocytes that arise in white adipose tissue display their thermogenic capacity through various noncanonical mechanisms. This review aims to summarize the general overview of thermogenic fat, especially including the UCP1-independent adaptive thermogenesis and the emerging mechanisms of "beiging", which may provide more evidence of targeting thermogenic fat to counteract obesity and other metabolic disorders in humans.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370432

RESUMO

Herein, a three-dimensional interconnected sulfur (3DIS) system is used to construct a cathode of the lithium-sulfur battery. Compared with the traditional methods of encapsulating sulfur, the 3DIS system serves as a framework to grow MnO2, which ensures a high sulfur content of 91.5 wt % (the ratio of sulfur/host was 10.8) and a uniform distribution of sulfur. Due to the synergistic effect of the 3D interconnected architecture and the uniform coating layer of polar MnO2, 3DIS@MnO2 (3DISMO) delivers a capacity of 891 mA h g-1 after 900 cycles at 1 C. Even at a rate of 10 C, a capacity decay rate of 0.061% per cycle is achieved.

14.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 16(10): 1150-1160, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354264

RESUMO

Although nanomaterials have shown promising biomedical application potential, incomplete understanding of their molecular interactions with biological systems prevents their inclusion into mainstream clinical applications. Here we show that black phosphorus (BP) nanomaterials directly affect the cell cycle's centrosome machinery. BP destabilizes mitotic centrosomes by attenuating the cohesion of pericentriolar material and consequently leads to centrosome fragmentation within mitosis. As a result, BP-treated cells exhibit multipolar spindles and mitotic delay, and ultimately undergo apoptosis. Mechanistically, BP compromises centrosome integrity by deactivating the centrosome kinase polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1). BP directly binds to PLK1, inducing its aggregation, decreasing its cytosolic mobility and eventually restricting its recruitment to centrosomes for activation. With this mechanism, BP nanomaterials show great anticancer potential in tumour xenografted mice. Together, our study reveals a molecular mechanism for the tumoricidal properties of BP and proposes a direction for biomedical application of nanomaterials by exploring their intrinsic bioactivities.

15.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is increasingly diagnosed at a younger age worldwide and in China. Limited data are available regarding the association between age at diabetes diagnosis and risks of albuminuria. This study sought to examine the independent effect of age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes on the risk of albuminuria. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide multicenter study with 207 961 participants in mainland China. Age, sex, and study site were matched for 31 366 screen-detected type 2 diabetes cases and 31 366 normal controls. Age, sex, study site, and diabetes duration were matched for 7490 self-reported type 2 diabetes cases and 7490 normal controls. Risks of having albuminuria in matched type 2 diabetes vs controls were examined using multivariable logistic regression analysis in strata of age at diabetes diagnosis. RESULTS: Although the absolute rate of albuminuria is higher in older adults, the odds ratio of albuminuria in type 2 diabetes vs matched controls decreased with increasing age at diagnosis. For participants with diabetes diagnosed at an age of <50, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, or ≥70 years, the multivariable adjusted risk of albuminuria increased by 81%, 60%, 45%, and 33% for screen-detected diabetes, and 135%, 121%, 90%, and 58% for self-reported diabetes compared with their normal controls, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A younger age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is associated with a more significantly elevated risk of albuminuria than an older age at diagnosis in Chinese adults.

16.
Adv Mater ; 33(32): e2101717, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219296

RESUMO

Most contemporary X-ray detectors adopt device structures with non/low-gain energy conversion, such that a fairly thick X-ray photoconductor or scintillator is required to generate sufficient X-ray-induced charges, and thus numerous merits for thin devices, such as mechanical flexibility and high spatial resolution, have to be compromised. This dilemma is overcome by adopting a new high-gain device concept of a heterojunction X-ray phototransistor. In contrast to conventional detectors, X-ray phototransistors allow both electrical gating and photodoping for effective carrier-density modulation, leading to high photoconductive gain and low noise. As a result, ultrahigh sensitivities of over 105  µC Gyair -1  cm-2 with low detection limit are achieved by just using an ≈50 nm thin photoconductor. The employment of ultrathin photoconductors also endows the detectors with superior flexibility and high imaging resolution. This concept offers great promise in realizing well-balanced detection performance, mechanical flexibility, integration, and cost for next-generation X-ray detectors.

17.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 23(11): 2551-2560, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322974

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the associations of metabolic abnormalities with incident diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and to explore whether dyslipidaemia, particularly high fasting triglyceride (TG), was associated with the development of DKD. METHODS: In total, 11 142 patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes with baseline estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were followed up during 2011-2016. Incident DKD was defined as eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at follow-up. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the relationship of metabolic abnormalities at baseline and at follow-up with risks of DKD. High TG was defined by TG ≥1.70 mmol/L. Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) was defined by HDL-c <1.0 mmol/L for men or <1.3 mmol/L for women. RESULTS: Participants who developed DKD had higher levels of waist circumference and systolic blood pressure, and lower levels of HDL-c at both baseline and follow-up visits. The DKD group also had higher levels of post-load plasma glucose and TG at follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both high TG at baseline [odds ratio (OR) = 1.37, p = .012) and high TG at follow-up (OR = 1.71, p < .001) were significantly associated with increased risks of DKD. Patients with high TG levels at both baseline and follow-up had higher risk of DKD compared with constantly normal TG (OR = 1.65, p < .001) after adjustment for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: In a large population of patients with new-onset type 2 diabetes, a high TG level was an independent risk factor for the development of DKD. Tight TG control might delay the occurrence of DKD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Neoplasias , China/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos
18.
Biomaterials ; 275: 120950, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119886

RESUMO

Clinical treatment of Osteosarcoma (OS) encounters great challenges of postsurgical tumor recurrence and extensive bone defect. To address these issues, innovative multifunctional PLGA/Mg porous scaffolds were designed for comprehensive postsurgical management of OS. The PLGA/Mg composite scaffolds exhibited several unique features: (1) The multiple functions of Mg particles were explored for the first time to fulfill the requirement for postsurgical management of OS. The intact Mg particles exhibits excellent photothermal effect for tumor eradication, and the released Mg ions could subsequently promote bone regeneration, thus endowing the PLGA/Mg scaffolds dual functions of suppressing OS recurrence and repairing bone defect in a sequential way; (2) A low temperature rapid prototyping (LT-RP) 3D-printing technology was used to fabricate the scaffolds with biomimetic hierarchical porous structures, which could structurally promote bone regeneration; (3) The PLGA/Mg scaffolds have excellent biodegradability and biocompatibility, exhibiting great promise for clinical translation. Finally, the PLGA/Mg scaffolds achieved complete suppression of tumor recurrence in the presence of near-infrared laser irradiation, as well as efficient bone defect repair in vivo. Activation of the AKT and ß-catenin pathways of osteoblast cells by PLGA/Mg scaffolds was identified, which might be the modulators to accelerate the ossification. The innovative PLGA/Mg scaffolds demonstrated excellent capabilities in postsurgical OS recurrence suppression and bone regeneration, providing a promising clinical strategy for comprehensive postsurgical management of OS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Regeneração Óssea , Humanos , Magnésio , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Osteogênese , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Tecidos Suporte
19.
Neurochem Int ; 148: 105097, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119591

RESUMO

The present study aims to investigate the influence of sex/age on depressive-like behaviors in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged mice model, and explore the underlying mechanisms. Tail suspension test and forced swimming test were used to evaluate the depressive-like behaviors. SIRT1 mRNA expression was assessed by PCR. Levels of 17ß-estradiol (E2), SIRT1, NF-κB, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In the behavior tests, under the same LPS stimulation, significant depressive-like behavior was observed in young male mice but not in young female mice, however, female mice were more likely to be depressed than male mice in the old age. Moreover, we found age-related depression difference existed only in female mice. In the experiments of mechanism exploration in old female mice, E2 improved LPS-induced depressive-like behavior, and simultaneously elevated SIRT1 levels and downregulated expressions of NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines in the hippocampus and frontal cortex. Interestingly, ERα inhibition, not ERß inhibition, abolished E2's function. Additionally, SIRT1 antagonist also reversed E2's effects on depressive-like behavior and the expressions of NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines. These results suggested that E2 could protect the old female mice from depression via E2/ERα/SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway. In other words, LPS-induced depression was associated with ER-α/SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway in old female mice. By comparing the results of mechanism exploration in old male mice and old female mice and the different expression levels of E2, SIRT1, NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines in young female mice and old female mice, we speculate that the age or gender-related depression difference may be associated with the different activation levels of the ERα/SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.

20.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 127, 2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34167540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ANGPTL8, an important regulator of lipid metabolism, was recently proven to have additional intracellular and receptor-mediated functions. This study aimed to investigate circulating levels of ANGPTL8 and its potential association with the risk of kidney function decline in a cohort study. METHODS: We analysed 2,311 participants aged 40 years old and older from the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort (4C) Study. Kidney function decline was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 60 mL per minute per 1.73 m2 of body surface area, a decrease in eGFR of ≥ 30% from baseline, chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related hospitalization or death, or end-stage renal disease. The association between baseline ANGPTL8 levels and kidney function decline was assessed using multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models, and inverse possibility of treatment weight (IPTW) was utilized to prevent overfitting. RESULTS: There were 136 (5.9%) cases of kidney function decline over a median of 3.8 years of follow-up. We found that serum ANGPTL8 levels at baseline were elevated in individuals with kidney function decline compared to those without kidney function decline during follow-up (718.42 ± 378.17 vs. 522.04 ± 283.07 pg/mL, p < 0.001). Compared with the first quartile, multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) for kidney function decline was 2.59 (95% CI, 1.41-4.77) for the fourth ANGPTL8 quartile. Furthermore, compared with patients in the first ANGPTL8 quartile, those in the fourth ANGPTL8 quartile were more likely to report a higher stage of CKD (relative risk: 1.33; 95% CI, 1.01-1.74). The conclusions of the regression analyses were not altered in the IPTW models. Multivariable-adjusted restricted cubic spline analyses suggested a linear relationship of ANGPTL8 with kidney function decline (p for nonlinear trend = 0.66, p for linear trend < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Participants with higher circulating ANGPTL8 levels were at increased risk for kidney function decline, highlighting the importance of future studies addressing the pathophysiological role of ANGPTL8 in CKD.

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