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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(10): 915-918, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814383

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is closely associated to liver injury with diverse clinical features in adolescents and adults. It is often manifested as infectious mononucleosis syndrome, sometimes causing self-limited acute hepatitis, with mild to moderate elevation of liver transaminases, and relative increase in age-related conditions. EBV infection can also cause cholestatic hepatitis, with elevated alkaline phosphatase and γ-glutamyltransferase as the main manifestations, accompanied by varying degrees of jaundice. A small number of patients with severe EBV infection may experience liver failure, and if left untreated in time, it may lead to high mortality. In addition, EBV infection is also associated with chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, autoimmune liver disease, etc.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Hepatite Viral Humana , Icterícia , Adolescente , Adulto , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Hepatite Viral Humana/complicações , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos
2.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(5): 907-914, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of visual restoration after cataract surgery on plantar pressure and biomechanics of foot in elder individuals. METHODS: Thirty-two patients [male/female 5/27, (70.1±5.2) years old] with age-related cataract were recruited between October 2016 and December 2019. The footscan system was employed to record the data of plantar pressure during level walking before and 1-month after the cataract surgery. Parameters of peak pressure (PP), impulse (I), pressure-time integral (PTI) and time to peak pressure (TPP) from the regions of the 1st toe (T1), 2nd to 5th toes (T2-5), 1st to 5th metatarsal heads (M1-M5), midfoot (MF), medial hindfoot (HM) and lateral hindfoot (HL) were analyzed respectively. RESULTS: Post-operatively, the visual function was effectively reconstructed with improved visual acuity in both eyes (Z=-4.878, -4.801; P < 0.001). The PP (t=2.266, P=0.031) and I (t=2.152, P=0.039) values in M2 region on the dominant side (right foot) increased statistically at post-operative phase, while the changes of pressure and temporal para-meters in other regions remained stable. There was laterality in plantar pressure at pre-operative phase, manifested as greater PP values in M1, M2, MF, and HM regions on the dominant sides (t=-2.414, -2.478, -2.144, -5.269; P < 0.05), greater PP values in T1, M3, M5 and HL regions on the non-dominant sides (t=4.830, 3.155, 2.686, 3.683; P < 0.05), greater I values in M1, MF, and HM regions on the dominant sides (t=-2.380, -2.185, -5.320; P < 0.05) and greater I values in T1, M3, M5 and HL regions on the non-dominant sides (t=4.489, 2.247, 2.838, 3.992; P < 0.05). post-operatively, the pressure tended to be compatible between the two sides in regions of M3 and MF, while the magnitude of laterality in regions of M1 (ZPP△= -2.721, P=0.007; ZI△=-2.581, P=0.010), M2 (ZPP△=-2.674, P=0.007; ZI△=-2.375, P=0.018) and M5 (ZPP△=1.991, P=0.046; ZI△=2.150, P=0.032) was further increased. CONCLUSION: Changes in plantar pressure after cataract surgery were characterized as increased pressure in the 2nd metatarsal head area on the dominant side. Visual restoration might intensify the laterality in the medial of forefoot on the dominant side and the lateral of forefoot on the non-dominant side.


Assuntos
, Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão
3.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 721-724, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517449

RESUMO

Liver disease-associated infection is a common condition in clinic. The existence of underlying liver disease increases the morbidity, mortality, and other adverse consequences of various infections, which in turn aggravates the liver disease-associated infections progression. Therefore, liver disease and infection should be emphasized in the clinical management. The assessment of liver disease includes its etiology, severity level, and complications, while the assessment of infectious diseases emphasizes its etiology and lesion location. Timely elimination of pathogens and complications is the treatment aspect of liver disease, whereas empiric pathogenic therapy is the treatment aspect of infection. The use of anti-infective drugs with a high risk of liver damage should be avoided when the pathogen is determined, and the target should be treated as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias , Humanos , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Hepatopatias/terapia , Fatores de Risco
5.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 659-665, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371536

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of programmed death receptor (PD)-1 antibody therapy in patients with hepatitis B-associated liver cancer. Methods: Data of 29 chronically infected HBV patients with liver cancer who received PD-1 antibody combined with tyrosine kinase inhibitor in the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from March 2020 to January 2021 were selected. At the same time, all of the above-mentioned hepatitis B virus (HBV) patients were treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues. Patients clinical diagnostic data, laboratory test results, tumor response and the incidence of adverse reactions were collected retrospectively to understand the overall safety, therapeutic anti-tumor effect, HBV changes condition and the correlation between HBV changes and anti-tumor PD-1 antibody efficacy, high viral load treatment condition, and HBV reactivation safety issues. Statistical analysis was performed by non-parametric rank sum test. Results: Therapeutic anti-tumor effect and safety profile were good in patients. The complete remission rate was reached 27.6%. Adverse reactions were mostly mild, and the incidence of serious adverse reactions was low. After 12 weeks of follow-up, HBV DNA and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was quantitatively decreased (P < 0.05). HBV DNA and HBsAg were decreased more significantly in patients with progressive disease (PD), stable disease (SD) and partial response (PR) (P < 0.05). Five patients with HBV DNA ≥ 10(4) IU/ml had responded well to the tumor treatment without serious adverse reactions. One patient had a slight increase in HBV DNA and alanine aminotransferase, while there was no HBV reactivation and correlated liver damage. Conclusion: Patients with HBV-associated liver cancer who received combined therapy have good anti-tumor efficacy and safety profile. PD-1 treatment has a certain effect on HBV. Compared with non-responders, patients with tumor response have better antiviral treatment efficacy. The safety of treatment in patients with high viral load is manageable, and there are no safety issues related to HBV reactivation.


Assuntos
Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , DNA Viral , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Morte Celular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ativação Viral
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781033

RESUMO

Objective: A Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the high frequency hearing loss detection rate, its area and time distributions in occupational noise exposed workers in China to provide evidence for the prevention and control of occupational noise-induced deafness. Methods: From February to April 2020, the number of hearing tests and the number of binaural high frequency average hearing threshold ≥40 dB of workers exposed to noise in key occupational disease monitoring and occupational health risk assessment project in China was collected from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) , VIP database and PubMed database. The retrieval time was set from the establishment of the database to February 28, 2020. The R 3.6.2 software was used to calculate the pooled high frequency hearing loss detection rate. Results: A total of 28 studies, included 34 data and 1259571 occupational noise exposed workers, were enrolled. The articles covered 16 provinces in 2015-2018. The pooled high frequency hearing loss detection rate in occupational noise exposed workers was 9.45% (95%CI: 7.64%-11.64%) . The high frequency hearing loss detection rate (10.54%) was higher in 2018 than other years (2017: 10.17%, 2016: 9.21%, 2015: 7.88%) . The high frequency hearing loss detection rate (12.23%) was higher in central China than in eastern (10.21%) , western (7.91%) and north-eastern (5.21%) China. Conclusion: The overall high frequency hearing loss detection rate in occupational noise exposed workers is generally high in China. It is important to strengthen the hearing protection in occupational noise exposed workers to facilitate the occupational noise-induced deafness prevention and control in China.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , China/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva de Alta Frequência , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Humanos , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
7.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(2): 108-110, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685076

RESUMO

Liver cirrhosis is the final stage of many chronic liver diseases, and is still a heavy disease burden. The proportion of liver cirrhosis caused by the hepatitis B virus is declining, while that caused by the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (metabolic-associated fatty liver disease) is rising. Several predictive models and techniques such as transient elastography have been used for the early non-invasive evaluation of liver cirrhosis. Effective etiological treatment and complication management are the possible key to reverse and recompense liver function during liver cirrhosis treatment. In recent years, the effectiveness and availability of anti-hepatitis B and C virus drugs have been significantly improved, which provides the basis for effective etiological treatment of liver cirrhosis. However, there is still a lack of etiological treatment measures for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Therefore, in addition to focusing on common complications, we should also manage "rare" complications. This article reviews the changes in epidemiological characteristics, the update of the natural history concepts, diagnostic evaluation methods, and the treatment measures for liver cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Hepatite B , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etiologia
8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(2): 133-136, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685081

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors of overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE) in patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: A retrospective study was designed. Patients with liver cirrhosis combined with /without OHE who were hospitalized to our hospital during the same period were selected as the case/control group. Clinical and laboratory data of both groups of patients were compared to analyze the risk factors affecting the occurrence of OHE. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis. A t-test or rank-sum test was used to compare the measurement data. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability method was used to compare the count data. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results: A total of 500 patients with liver cirrhosis diagnosed in our hospital from August 2017 to December 2018 were selected as the case group, and 40 cases with cirrhosis without OHE who were hospitalized during the same period were randomly selected as the control group. The gender composition and age of the case and control group were comparable. Viral hepatitis (mainly hepatitis B) was the main etiology of liver cirrhosis in both groups. There were 52.5% patients in the case group and 57.5% patients in the control group, respectively. Alcoholic liver disease, autoimmune liver disease and so on were the other included causes. With regard to blood biochemical indicators, the serum creatinine levels of both groups were comparable, but in the case group, the serum total bilirubin level was higher (34.30 µmol / L vs. 18.65 µ mol/L, Z = -3.185, P < 0.05), while the serum sodium level was lower (137.00 mmol/L vs. 140.08 mmol/L, Z = -2.348, P < 0.05), and the prothrombin time was longer (14.60 s vs. 12.20 s) s. 078, P < 0.05), and international normalized ratio (1.33 vs. 1.07, Z = - 5.632, P < 0.05), and serum albumin level (30.6 g/L vs. 35.6 g/L, t = 3.386, P < 0.05) was lower. In terms of complications, patients in the case group had a higher proportion of combined gastrointestinal bleeding (30.0% vs. 10.0%, χ(2) = 5.000, P < 0.05), ascites (87.5% vs. 30.0%, χ(2) = 27.286, P < 0.05) and secondary infection (32.5% vs. 10.0%, χ(2) = 7.813, P < 0.05). In terms of severity classification, the proportion of Child-Pugh C in the case group was higher (62.5% vs. 10.0%, χ(2) =26.593, P < 0.05). In terms of outcome, there were 3 deaths in the case group and no deaths in the control group. Multivariate analysis showed that Child-Pugh class C (OR = 12.696), and combined ascites (OR = 10.655) were an independent risk factor for OHE in patients with liver cirrhosis. Conclusion: Our single-center retrospective clinical study shows that patients with cirrhosis combined with OHE are more critical and have more complications. In order to promptly diagnose and treat OHE, more attention should be paid to patients with combined ascites and Child-Pugh class C.


Assuntos
Encefalopatia Hepática , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Encefalopatia Hepática/epidemiologia , Encefalopatia Hepática/etiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 197-202, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252197

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of metastasis associated gene 1 (MTA1) expression on the proliferation and apoptosis of human esophageal cancer Eca109 cells. Methods: MTA1 siRNA was transfected into human esophageal cancer Eca109 cells, and the control group and blank group were set up. The expression of MTA1 in Eca109 cells with different treatment was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and western blot. The proliferation of Eca109 cells was detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The cloning formation ability of Eca109 cells was detected by plate cloning assay. The apoptosis of Eca109 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and apoptosis-related proteins, including cleaved caspase-3 and total caspase-3 protein in Eca109 cells were detected by western blot. Results: After 48 hours of transfection, RT-PCR result showed that the relative expression levels of MTA1 mRNA in Eca109 cells in the blank group, control group, and siRNA group were 1.00±0.10, 0.98±0.09 and 0.21±0.03, respectively. The expression of MTA1 mRNA in siRNA group was significantly inhibited (P<0.05), while no significant difference of MTA1 mRNA expression between the blank group and the control group has been found (P>0.05). Western blot results were consistent with those of RT-PCR. MTT array results showed that, compared with the blank group and transfection group, the absorbance values of Eca109 cells in siRNA group were dramatically reduced at 48, 72, and 96 h (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences of absorbance values between the blank group and the control group at 48, 72, and 96 h (all P>0.05). The results of the plate colony formation test showed that the number of colony formation in the blank group and control group were 58.64±6.86 and 60.02±7.04, respectively, significantly higher than 18.10±3.16 in siRNA group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between the blank group and control group (P>0.05). Flow cytometry results showed that the apoptosis rates in the blank group and control group were (2.13±0.54)% and (2.27±0.61)%, respectively, significantly lower than (32.61±5.28)% in siRNA group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between blank group and control group (P>0.05). Western blot results showed that the expression of PCNA protein was down-regulated while cleaved caspase-3 protein expression was upregulated in siRNA group, compared to the control group and blank group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Inhibition of MTA1 expression can inhibit the proliferation of Eca109 cells and induce apoptosis. This process may be related to the down-regulation of PCNA protein expression and activation of caspase-3 protein expression.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histona Desacetilases/fisiologia , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia , Transativadores/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Humanos , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transfecção
15.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(1): 33-37, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958928

RESUMO

The rapid development of computer technologies brings us great changes in daily life and work. Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science, which is to allow computers to exercise activities that are normally confined to intelligent life. The broad sense of artificial intelligence includes machine learning and robots. This article mainly focuses on machine learning and related medical fields, and deep learning is an artificial neural network in machine learning. Convolutional neural network (CNN) is a type of deep neural network, that is developed on the basis of deep neural network, further imitating the structure of the visual cortex of the brain and the principle of visual activity. The current machine learning method used in medical big data analysis is mainly CNN. In the next few years, it is the developing trend that artificial intelligence as a conventional tool will enter the relevant departments of medical image interpretation. In addition, this article also shares the progress of the integration of artificial intelligence and biomedicine combined with actual cases, and mainly introduces the current status of CNN application research in pathological diagnosis, imaging diagnosis and endoscopic diagnosis for gastrointestinal diseases.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Diagnóstico por Computador , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Terapia Assistida por Computador
16.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 69(6): 411-416, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563155

RESUMO

Plesiomonas shigelloides is a common pathogen of aquatic animals and can pose a certain hazard to aquaculture. Here, we aimed to develop a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the visual detection of P. shigelloides to aid the diagnosis of infections caused by this pathogen in aquatic animals. We used LAMP to amplify P. shigelloides DNA and combined it with calcein or nucleic acid dipstick assay (NADA) to visualize the amplified products. The optimal LAMP amplification temperature was 64°C, and the reaction lasted for 50 min. The limit of detection of recombinant plasmids containing the target gene using the LAMP method was 2·0 × 102 copies per µl, which is ten times higher than that using conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR). LAMP products could be visualized without agarose gel electrophoresis. We tested 85 fish specimens using the established LAMP method and conventional PCR. The detection rate was 42·4% using the LAMP method and 34·1% using conventional PCR. Based on our results, the LAMP method combined with calcein or NADA is a rapid, specific, sensitive and accurate method for visual detection of fish-derived P. shigelloides and can be used for the laboratory diagnosis of infections caused by it. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The combination of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) and calcein and nucleic acid dipstick assay (NADA) provided a rapid, specific and sensitive method for detecting Plesiomonas shigelloides, which is an important pathogen that causes diseases in aquatic animals worldwide. In the present study, the LAMP method showed a higher detection rate than conventional PCR for P. shigelloides using templates from 85 fish specimens. Thus, the LAMP method could be a reliable and convenient tool for diagnosing diseases in aquatic animals in the laboratory.


Assuntos
DNA Bacteriano/análise , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Plesiomonas/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Aquicultura , Peixes/microbiologia , Plesiomonas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(31): 2423-2428, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434421

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the features of a modified WHO/UCLA AVLT performance in the cognitive normal, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and mild Alzheimer's disease (mild AD) patients. Method: A total of 105 cases of cognitivenormal (CN), 48 aMCI and 50 mild AD patients were included between 2016 and 2018. All subjects undertook detailed neuropsychological tests and brain MRI/CT scan. Results: The total score of five learning trials in CN, aMCI and AD groups were 53.9±6.9, 34.6±8.3 and 23.7±6.2, respectively (P<0.001). The score of 20-min delay recallwere 12.5±1.6, 4.3±3.0 and 0.6±1.0, respectively (P<0.001) in three groups. The score of cued recall were 13.0±1.4, 7.0±2.4 and 2.6±2.0, respectively (P<0.001). The score of 20-min delay recall had the largest effect sizes between CN and aMCI groups (Cohen'd=3.8, 95%CI,3.3-4.4), and CN and mild AD groups (Cohen'd=8.1, 95%CI 7.1-9.1). Cued recall had the largest effect size between aMCI and mild AD groups (Cohen'd=2.04, 95%CI 1.5-2.5). The scores of learning total score, 20-min delay recall, cued recall and recognition had the strong relationships with the scores of mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) , but obtaining moderate relationships with Boston naming test and trail making test (TMT) and weak relationships with digit span and figure copy. Age and education had no relationship with the main indices of this modified AVLT. Conclusions: The modified WHO/UCLA AVLT is still an age and education fair test to assess memory domain function. Qualitative analysis of AVLT profiles may be useful to differentiate the CN, aMCI and mild AD in Chinese sample.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Memória , Testes Neuropsicológicos
18.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(7): 656-661, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302964

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and feasibility of colonoscopy - assisted transanal minimally invasive surgery via glove port (CA-TAMIS-GP) in the treatment of early rectal tumors. Methods: A total of 67 patients evaluated as early rectal tumors (adenoma limited within mucosal layer) with diameter ≤4.0 cm at Department of Anal-Colorectal Surgery, Hangzhou Third People's Hospital from July 2013 to March 2017 were prospectively enrolled in the study. Benign tumors were diagnosed by preoperative imaging in all the patients with the distance to anal edge of 4 to 20 cm. Patients were randomly divided into treatment group and the control group according to the random number table. The treatment group (n=32) underwent CA-TAMIS-GP, including 19 males and 13 females with mean age of (55.6±11.2) years and mean tumor size of (3.3±0.4) cm, while the control group (n=35) underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD, control group), including 20 males and 15 females with mean age of (52.9±12.3) years and mean tumor size of (3.4±0.5) cm. Differences of baseline data between two groups were not significant (all P>0.05). The specific method of CA-TAMIS-GP was as follows: a surgical rubber glove sleeve (No.6) was passed through the anal device; the glove was fixed at the anvil device; after fully expanding the anus, the anal sac was placed into the anus with the fingers outside; then, the cuff and the anal sac were sutured and fixed to the perianal; a well-tight glove path was established; the ultrasonic scalpel, grasper and the colonoscopy lens connected to the host platform and the electric negative pressure suction were inserted into the three finger sleeves respectively and fixed by rubber band or silk thread; the laparoscopic instruments such as the grasper and the ultrasonic scalpel were used for pulling, grasping, cutting, electrocoagulation, suturing and other operations to complete the resection of rectal lesions. Efficacy, postoperative complication and operative cost, etc. between two groups were compared using the student's t test, chi-square tests, and Fisher's exact test. Results: Operations of two groups were completed successfully without conversion to laparotomy. Histopathologic examination showed all specimens had negative margins with the surgical resection of the layer to the submucosa, and showed no significant differences between two groups (P>0.05). Compared to the control group, the operation time was shorter [(49.5±14.6) minutes vs.(66.1±17.6) minutes, t=-4.235, P<0.001], and the intraoperative hemorrhage was less [(4.2±1.6) ml vs. (6.2±2.1) ml, t=-4.349, P<0.001] in the treatment group with significant differences. In the treatment group, 6 patients had mild anal pain or discomfort after operation, and 1 patient in the control group showed anal foreign body sensation. The difference was statistically significant [18.8% (6/32) vs. 2.9% (1/35), P=0.048]. The incidence of postoperative hematochezia in the treatment group was lower than that in the control group [9.4% (3/32) vs. 20.0% (7/35), P=0.310] without significant difference. The cost of consumables in the treatment group was (1586.9±204.4) yuan, which was lower than (7694.4±1123.2) yuan in control group, and the difference was statistically significant (t=-30.880, P<0.001). All the patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months after operation, and no recurrence or long-term complication occurred in the treatment group, while 1 case developed local recurrence in the control group. Conclusion: CA-TAMIS-GP is a safe and effective method for early rectal tumors with simple and economical characteristics, which broadens the application of colonoscopy.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Colonoscopia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal/métodos , Adenoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Hematol ; 98(2): 473-479, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341538

RESUMO

Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is associated with an increased risk of graft failure and severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Recent studies have shown that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) display potent immunosuppressive effects and can support normal hematopoiesis. In a multi-center trial, we co-transplanted culture-expanded donor-derived bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSCs) into 35 children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) undergoing haplo-HSCT. All 35 patients (100%) achieved hematopoietic reconstitution and showed sustained full donor chimerism. The median time for myeloid engraftment was 14 days (range 10-22 days), while that for platelet engraftment was 18 days (range 9-36 days). The incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD and chronic GVHD was 25.71 and 22.86%, respectively. The overall survival rate was 85.71% with a median of 22 months (range 3.5-37 months). The combined transplantation of haploidentical HSCs and BM-MSCs into children with SAA without an HLA-identical sibling donor is relatively safe and may represent an effective new therapy to improve survival rates and reduce the risk of graft failure.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Doadores de Tecidos , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Aloenxertos , Anemia Aplástica/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Quimeras de Transplante/sangue
20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30248768

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the related influencing factors of high frequency hearing loss (HFHL) in workers exposed to noise and establish a prediction nomogram for HFHL. Methods: A total of 822 workers exposed to noise from 46 enterprises were included. A questionnaire survey and a pure-tone hearing test were conducted for the workers. The data of noise level of the workers exposed was also collected. After single factor analysis of related influencing factors, the multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the final independent influencing factors of HFHL. Finally, a nomogram model was established by R software to achieve individual prediction of HFHL. Results: Among the 822 workers exposed to noise, 166 (20.2%) workers had HFHL. In multivariate Logistic regression analysis, increasing age, men, increasing wearing earphone time, less wearing earplugs, and high noise level were the independent risk factors for HFHL. The C-index of the nomogram model for predicting HFHL was 0.834 (95%CI: 0.748~0.903) . The area under the predictive power curve of nomogram model was 0.834 (95%CI: 0.799~0.869, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Age, sex, wearing earphone time, wearing earplugs, and noise level are independent influence factors for HFHL. The nomogram model is successfully established as a accurate and visible tool for individually predicting the HFHL risk in workers exposed to noise.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva de Alta Frequência , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Nomogramas , Exposição Ocupacional , Dispositivos de Proteção das Orelhas , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Profissionais
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