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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggested that histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) could inhibit dendritic cell (DC) maturation. However, the mechanism is unclear. Here, we aimed to study whether Trichostatin A (TSA), the most widely studied HDACi, inhibits the maturation of DCs by down-regulating NF-κB (p65) pathway. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mouse bone marrow-derived DCs were cultured. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was applied as stimulation for maturation. Triptolide (TTL) was applied as p65 inhibitor. Microphotography and flow cytometry showed that TSA and p65 inhibitor separately inhibited the maturation of DCs stimulated by LPS from the aspects of cell morphology and cell phenotype. Mixed lymphocyte reaction test and ELISA showed that TSA and p65 inhibitor synergistically inhibited the proliferation of T lymphocytes stimulated by DCs, reduced the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-12 and elevated the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. Western blot and RT-qPCR showed that TSA down-regulated the expression of phosphorylated IκBα, phosphorylated-p65, Ikkß and Ikkγ, suggesting TSA down-regulates NF-κB (p65) pathway. CONCLUSIONS: TSA inhibits DC maturation through down-regulating NF-κB (p65) pathway.

2.
Part Fibre Toxicol ; 19(1): 2, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) are widely used nanomaterial in personal cosmetics, such as skin creams and sunscreens, due to their whitening properties and strong UV light absorption. However, the safety issues and the hazards of ZnONPs, which can be taken up by the skin and cause skin toxicity, are still unclear. From a chemoprevention point of view, pterostilbene (PT) has been reported to prevent skin damage effectively by its anti-inflammatory and autophagy inducer effect. This study aims to determine the skin toxicity and the potential mechanisms of UVB and ZnONPs exposure and the preventive effect of PT. RESULTS: The co-exposure of UVB and ZnONPs elicit NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis in keratinocytes. Furthermore, exposure to both UVB and ZnONPs also disrupts cellular autophagy, which increases cell exosome release. In vivo UVB and ZnONPs exposure triggers skin toxicity, as indicated by increased histological injury, skin thickness and transepidermal water loss. Notably, the NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis are also activated during exposure. Topical application of pterostilbene attenuates NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis by decreasing ROS generation and mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) levels. In addition to its antioxidant effect, PT also reversed autophagy abnormalities by restoring normal autophagic flux and decreasing NLRP3 inflammasome-loaded exosome release. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal that ZnONPs induce skin damage in conjunction with UVB exposure. This process involves an interplay of inflammasomes, pyroptosis, autophagy dysfunction, and exosomes in skin toxicity. PT alleviates skin inflammation by regulating the inflammasome-autophagy-exosome pathway, a finding which could prove valuable when further evaluating ZnONPs effects for cosmetic applications.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995446

RESUMO

Two Cd-based supramolecular coordination polymers, [Cd3(CzIP)3(DMF)2] (1) and [Cd2(CzIP)2(DMF)4] (2), were synthesized by using 5-(carbazol-9-yl) isophthalate (CzIP) as ligands. These two compounds exhibit multiple luminescence emissions; apart from fluorescence, time- and temperature-dependent ultralong phosphorescence (RTP) were also achieved under room conditions. Significantly, compound 1 has a long-lived afterglow of 0.93 s at 545 nm under ambient conditions. Compound 2 shows nearly pure white-light emission with CIE coordinates of (0.33, 0.33) via the dual emission of fluorescence and phosphorescence. It has come to our attention that it is the first example of a luminescent coordination polymer with single-phase white-light emission and color-evolution RTP. In addition, the long-lived RTP materials can be used in time-dependent anticounterfeiting and white-light-emitting diodes. Experimental and singlet and triplet state calculations indicate that both C-H···π interaction and inter- and intramolecular charge transfer interactions could be beneficial to the emission of ultralong RTP.

4.
Genome Biol ; 23(1): 2, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reproducible detection of inherited variants with whole genome sequencing (WGS) is vital for the implementation of precision medicine and is a complicated process in which each step affects variant call quality. Systematically assessing reproducibility of inherited variants with WGS and impact of each step in the process is needed for understanding and improving quality of inherited variants from WGS. RESULTS: To dissect the impact of factors involved in detection of inherited variants with WGS, we sequence triplicates of eight DNA samples representing two populations on three short-read sequencing platforms using three library kits in six labs and call variants with 56 combinations of aligners and callers. We find that bioinformatics pipelines (callers and aligners) have a larger impact on variant reproducibility than WGS platform or library preparation. Single-nucleotide variants (SNVs), particularly outside difficult-to-map regions, are more reproducible than small insertions and deletions (indels), which are least reproducible when > 5 bp. Increasing sequencing coverage improves indel reproducibility but has limited impact on SNVs above 30×. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight sources of variability in variant detection and the need for improvement of bioinformatics pipelines in the era of precision medicine with WGS.

5.
ChemSusChem ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023634

RESUMO

Conversion of CO 2 into carbonaceous fuels with the aid of solar energy has been an important research subject for decades. Owing to their excellent electron-accepting capacities, fullerene derivatives have been extensively used as n -type semiconductors. This work reports that the fulleropyrrolidine functionalized with 4,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole, abbreviated as DTBT-C 60 , can efficiently catalyze the photoreduction of CO 2 to CO with high selectivity. The novel C 60 -chromophore dyad structure facilitates better usage of solar light, effective dissociation of excitons, and restraint of charge-carrier recombination. Consequently, the DTBT-C 60 exhibits a promising CO yield of 144 µmol·gcat -1 under AM1.5G solar illumination for 24 hours. Moreover, the isotope experiments demonstrate that water molecules can function as an electron source to reactivate DTBT-C 60 without the need for other sacrificial electron donors. Impressively, DTBT-C 60 exhibits an extremely durable catalytic activity for more than one week under reaction conditions, facilitating the practical application of photochemical CO 2 reaction.

6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 201: 113977, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026544

RESUMO

In this article, the TiN sensitive film as a sensing membrane was deposited onto n+-type Si substrate by a DC sputtering technique for extended-gate field-effect transistor (EGFET) pH sensors and detection of cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) in the patient sera for the first time. The crystal structure, Raman spectrum, element profile, surface roughness, and surface morphology of the TiN sensitive film were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The sensing performance of the TiN sensitive film is correlated with its relative structural feature. A high sensitivity of 57.49 mV/pH, a small hysteresis voltage of ∼1 mV, and a low drift rate of 0.31 mV/h were obtained in the TiN sensitive film. In addition, the pH sensitivity of this TiN EGFET sensor was preserved approximately 57 mV/pH after operation time of 180 days. Subsequently, the cTn-I antibodies with carboxyl groups activated by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide (EDC) along with N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) were immobilized on the TiN sensitive film functionalizing with 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (APTES). After obtaining the successful immobilization of cTn-I antibodies on the TiN EGFET biosensor, the cTn-I antigen specifically binds with its relative antibody. The cTn-I EGFET biosensor showed a high sensitivity of 21.88 mV/pCcTn-I in a wide dynamic range of 0.01-100 ng/mL. Furthermore, the concentrations of cTn-I in patient sera measured by our TiN EGFET biosensors are comparable to those determined by commercial enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay kits.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(1): 46, 2022 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013120

RESUMO

The survival of cancer cells after detaching from the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential for the metastatic cascade. The programmed cell death after detachment is known as anoikis, acting as a metastasis barrier. However, the most aggressive cancer cells escape anoikis and other cell death patterns to initiate the metastatic cascade. This study revealed the role of cell migration-inducing protein (CEMIP) in autophagy modulation and anoikis resistance during ECM detachment. CEMIP amplification during ECM detachment resulted in protective autophagy induction via a mechanism dependent on the dissociation of the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/Beclin1 complex. Additional investigation revealed that acting transcription factor 4 (ATF4) triggered CEMIP transcription and enhanced protein kinase C alpha (PKCα) membrane translocation, which regulated the serine70 phosphorylation of Bcl-2, while the subsequent dissociation of the Bcl-2/Beclin1 complex led to autophagy. Therefore, CEMIP antagonization attenuated metastasis formation in vivo. In conclusion, inhibiting CEMIP-mediated protective autophagy may provide a therapeutic strategy for metastatic prostate cancer (PCa). This study delineates a novel role of CEMIP in anoikis resistance and provides new insight into seeking therapeutic strategies for metastatic PCa.

8.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 17(1): 8, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989892

RESUMO

The outstanding optoelectrical properties and high-quality factor of whispering gallery mode perovskite nanocavities make it attractive for applications in small lasers. However, efforts to make lasers with better performance have been hampered by the lack of efficient methods for the synthesis and transfer of perovskite nanocavities on desired substrate at quality required for applications. Here, we report transfer printing of perovskite nanocavities grown by chemical vapor deposition from mica substrate onto SiO2 substrate. Transferred perovskite nanocavity has an RMS roughness of ~ 1.2 nm and no thermal degradation in thermal release process. We further use femtosecond laser to excite a transferred perovskite nanocavity and measures its quality factor as high as 2580 and a lasing threshold of 27.89 µJ/cm2 which is almost unchanged as compared with pristine perovskite nanocavities. This method represents a significant step toward the realization of perovskite nanolasers with smaller sizes and better heat management as well as application in optoelectronic devices.

9.
Stroke ; 53(1): 7-16, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent trials showed thrombectomy alone was comparable to bridging therapy in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion eligible for both intravenous alteplase and endovascular thrombectomy. We performed this study to examine whether occlusion site modifies the effect of intravenous alteplase before thrombectomy. METHODS: This is a prespecified subgroup analysis of a randomized trial evaluating risk and benefit of intravenous alteplase before thrombectomy (DIRECT-MT [Direct Intra-Arterial Thrombectomy in Order to Revascularize AIS Patients With Large Vessel Occlusion Efficiently in Chinese Tertiary Hospitals]). Among 658 randomized patients, 640 with baseline occlusion site information were included. The primary outcome was the score on the modified Rankin Scale at 90 days. Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis with an interaction term was used to estimate treatment effect modification by occlusion location (internal carotid artery versus M1 versus M2). We report the adjusted common odds ratio for a shift toward better outcome on the modified Rankin Scale after thrombectomy alone compared with combination treatment adjusted for age, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at baseline, the time from stroke onset to randomization, the modified Rankin Scale score before stroke onset, and collateral score per the DIRECT-MT statistical analysis plan. RESULTS: The overall adjusted common odds ratio was 1.08 (95% CI, 0.82-1.43) with thrombectomy alone compared with combination treatment, and there was no significant treatment-by-occlusion site interaction (P=0.47). In subgroups based on occlusion location, we found the following adjusted common odds ratios: 0.99 (95% CI, 0.62-1.59) for internal carotid artery occlusions, 1.12 (95% CI, 0.77-1.64) for M1 occlusions, and 1.22 (95% CI, 0.53-2.79) for M2 occlusions. No treatment-by-occlusion site interactions were observed for dichotomized modified Rankin Scale distributions and successful reperfusion (extended thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score ≥2b) before thrombectomy. Differences in symptomatic hemorrhage rate were not significant between occlusion locations (internal carotid artery occlusion: 7.02% in bridging therapy versus 7.14% for thrombectomy alone, P=0.97; M1 occlusion: 5.06% versus 2.48%, P=0.22; M2 occlusion: 9.09% versus 4.76%; P=0.78). CONCLUSIONS: In this prespecified subgroup of a randomized trial, we found no evidence that occlusion location can inform intravenous alteplase decisions in endovascular treatment eligible patients directly presenting at endovascular treatment capable centers. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03469206.

10.
Phytomedicine ; 95: 153883, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34952508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurological diseases seriously affect human health, which are arousing wider attention, and it is a great challenge to discover neuroprotective drugs with minimal side-effects and better efficacies. Natural agents derived from herbs or plants have become unparalleled resources for the discovery of novel drug candidates. Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, a well-known herbal medicine in China, occupies a very important position in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) with a long history of clinical application. Ginsenoside Rd is the active compound in P. ginseng known to have broad-spectrum pharmacological effects to reduce neurological damage that can lead to neurological diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, depression, cognitive impairment, and cerebral ischemia. PURPOSE: To review and discuss the effects and mechanisms of ginsenoside Rd in the treatment of neurological diseases. STUDY DESIGN & METHODS: The related information was compiled by the major scientific databases, such as Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Elsevier, ScienceDirect, PubMed, SpringerLink, Web of Science, and GeenMedical. Using 'Ginsenoside Rd', 'Ginsenosides', 'Anti-inflammation', 'Antioxidant', 'Apoptosis' and 'Neuroprotection' as keywords, the correlated literature was extracted and conducted from the databases mentioned above. RESULTS: Through summarizing the existing research progress, we found that the general effects of ginsenoside Rd are anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-apoptosis, inhibition of Ca2+ influx and protection of mitochondria, and through these pathways, the compound can inhibit excitatory toxicity, regulate nerve growth factor, and promote nerve regeneration. CONCLUSION: Ginsenoside Rd is a promising natural neuroprotective agent. This review would contribute to the future development of ginsenoside Rd as a novel clinical candidate drug for treating neurological diseases.

11.
Talanta ; 236: 122859, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635243

RESUMO

The sensitivity and selectivity of electrochemical analysis are challenging due to the materials used for electrode modification as well as electrical conductivity, catalytic activity and recognition ability of the working electrode. In this work, a portable 3D-printed electrochemical electrode clamp was designed and applied in combination with the developed covalent organic framework (COF DQTP)-modified pencil graphite electrode (DQTP/PGE). The ß-ketoenamine-linked COF DQTP synthesized by 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol (TP) and 2,6-diaminoanthraquinone (DQ) through solvothermal method is a porous crystalline with excellent conductivity and large periodic π-arrays, coupled with commercial available pencil graphite electrode to fabricate a disposable sensor for simultaneous determination of environmental endocrine disruptors bisphenol A and bisphenol S. The DQTP/PGE sensor exhibited high electrical conductivity and catalytic activity, and a good linearity was obtained in a range of 0.5-30 µM for two bisphenols with a detection limit of 0.15 µM (S/N = 3). Moreover, the sensor showed a reproducible and stable response over one month with negligible interference, and an accepted recovery with real food packaging samples.


Assuntos
Grafite , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Eletrodos , Fenóis , Sulfonas
12.
Glia ; 70(2): 273-286, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643969

RESUMO

In response to brain injury, resident astrocytes become reactive and play dynamic roles in neural repair and regeneration. The signaling pathways underlying such reactive astrogliosis remain largely unclear. We here show that NEK6, a NIMA-related serine/threonine protein kinase, is rapidly induced following pathological stimulations and plays critical roles in reactive astrogliosis. Enhanced NEK6 expression promotes reactive astrogliosis and exacerbates brain lesions; and conversely, NEK6 downregulation dampens injury-induced astrocyte reactivity and reduces lesion size. Mechanistically, NEK6 associates with and phosphorylates STAT3. Kinase activity of NEK6 is required for induction of GFAP and PCNA, markers of reactive astrogliosis. Interestingly, NEK6 is also localized in the nucleus and binds to STAT3-responsive genomic elements in astrocytes. These results indicate that NEK6 constitutes a molecular target for the regulation of reactive astrogliosis.

13.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 48(1): 59-67, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702641

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the shear-wave dispersion (SWD) scanning protocol including the minimum number of measurements and better size of the region of interest (ROI), as well as the influence of ascites on the measurement applicability. Patients who had undergone serial SWD examinations between July 2019 and December 2020 were included. In patients with chronic liver disease (group A), two different ROI sizes were applied, and at least 10 measurements were repeated to determine the minimum number of measurements and better ROI size. In patients with liver failure (group B), failure and unreliable results were compared between patients with and without ascites. A minimum of five measurements when using a 20-mm ROI and six measurements when using a 10-mm ROI were required. Compared with using a 20-mm ROI, a 10-mm ROI showed a higher unreliable rate. The failure and unreliable rates of SWD in patients with ascites were significantly higher than those in patients without ascites. SWD examination required at least five measurements when using a 20-mm ROI and six measurements when using a 10-mm ROI. A larger ROI was associated with higher reliability, and ascites influenced the failure and reliability of the SWD measurement.

14.
Environ Res ; 203: 111801, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339701

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) accumulation in rice grains poses a health risk for humans. In this study, a bacterium, Alishewanella sp. WH16-1-MT, was engineered to express metallothionein on the cell surface. Compared with the parental WH16-1 strain, Cd2+ adsorption efficiency of WH16-1-MT in medium was increased from 1.2 to 2.6 mg/kg dry weight. The WH16-1-MT strain was then incubated with rice in moderately Cd-contaminated paddy soil. Compared with WH16-1, inoculation with WH16-1-MT increased plant height, panicle length and thousand-kernel weight, and decreased the levels of ascorbic acid and glutathione and the activity of peroxidase. Compared with WH16-1, WH16-1-MT inoculation significantly reduced the concentrations of Cd in brown rice, husks, roots and shoots by 44.0 %, 45.5 %, 36.1 % and 47.2 %, respectively. Moreover, inoculation with WH16-1-MT reduced the bioavailability of Cd in soil, with the total Cd proportion in oxidizable and residual states increased from 29 % to 32 %. Microbiome analysis demonstrated that the addition of WH16-1-MT did not significantly alter the original bacterial abundance and community structure in soil. These results indicate that WH16-1-MT can be used as a novel microbial treatment approach to reduce Cd in rice grown in moderately Cd-contaminated paddy soil.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Bactérias , Cádmio/análise , Humanos , Metalotioneína/genética , Oryza/genética , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
15.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(1): 805-812, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the correlations between patients' opioid-taking self-efficacy, social support, and their pain management satisfaction, and to evaluate the effect of social support and opioid-taking self-efficacy in explaining the variance in pain management satisfaction. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional and correlational research design and recruited 123 cancer patients via convenience sampling. We used the following instruments: the Opioid-Taking Self-Efficacy Scale, the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behavior, and the Chinese version of the Pain Treatment Satisfaction Scale. RESULTS: There were significant and negative correlations between opioid-taking self-efficacy and pain management satisfaction (r = - .43, p < .001) and between social support and pain management satisfaction (r = - .47, p < .001). Using a hierarchical regression analysis, social support and opioid-taking self-efficacy explained 17.20% and 5.20%, respectively, of the variance in pain management satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study confirm the importance of social support and opioid-taking self-efficacy in influencing pain management satisfaction. We recommend that professional care providers develop relevant intervention aimed at improving patients' pain management satisfaction.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer , Neoplasias , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Manejo da Dor , Satisfação Pessoal , Autoeficácia , Apoio Social
16.
Food Chem ; 368: 130844, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425338

RESUMO

The sensory perception of food is a dynamic procedure, which is closely related to the released flavor stimuli. Thus, we evaluated the dynamic sensations of fresh and roasted salmon during the chewing process and investigated the tastants released in saliva. For fresh salmon, the fishy, umami, salty, and sweet attributes were perceived successively. Meanwhile, the smoky and fried flavors were the most dominant attributes of roasted salmon at the beginning, then various attributes were perceived. During the chewing process, free amino acids and 5'-nucleotides released in saliva were quantified. Compared to the sensory data, the results demonstrated that glutamic acid and inosine 5'-monophosphate released in saliva might induce the umami perception. The sweet-tasting amino acids alanine and glycine may contribute to sweetness. Therefore, we suggested that the time dimension of tastants dissolved in saliva would affect the dynamic sensation of food, even for complex food materials.


Assuntos
Salmo salar , Animais , Inosina Monofosfato , Mastigação , Sensação , Paladar
17.
Front Psychol ; 12: 720713, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867600

RESUMO

This study addresses a series of methodological questions that arise when modeling inflectional morphology with Linear Discriminative Learning. Taking the semi-productive German noun system as example, we illustrate how decisions made about the representation of form and meaning influence model performance. We clarify that for modeling frequency effects in learning, it is essential to make use of incremental learning rather than the end-state of learning. We also discuss how the model can be set up to approximate the learning of inflected words in context. In addition, we illustrate how in this approach the wug task can be modeled. The model provides an excellent memory for known words, but appropriately shows more limited performance for unseen data, in line with the semi-productivity of German noun inflection and generalization performance of native German speakers.

18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 765630, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869278

RESUMO

Body sculpture is a common method to remove excessive fat. The diet and exercise are the first suggestion to keep body shape; however, those are difficult to keep adherence. Ultrasound has been developed for fat ablation; however, it could only serve as the side treatment along with liposuction. In the study, a sonosensitizer of europium-doped calcium carbonate (CaCO3: Eu) would be synthesized by an eco-method and combined with low-intensity ultrasound for lipolysis. The crystal structure of CaCO3: Eu was identified by x-ray diffractometer (XRD). The morphology of CaCO3: Eu was analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The chemical composition of CaCO3: Eu was evaluated by energy-dispersed spectrophotometer (EDS) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). The electronic diffraction pattern was to further check crystal structure of the synthesized individual grain by transmission electron microscope (TEM). The particle size was determined by Zeta-sizer. Water-soluble tetrazolium salt (WST-1) were used to evaluate the cell viability. Chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (CM-H2DCFDA) and live/dead stain were used to evaluate feasibility in vitro. SD-rat was used to evaluate the safety and efficacy in vivo. The results showed that CaCO3: Eu had good biocompatibility and could produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) after treated with low-intensity ultrasound. After 4-weeks, the CaCO3: Eu exposed to ultrasound irradiation on SD rats could significantly decrease body weight, waistline, and subcutaneous adipose tissue. We believe that ROS from sonoluminescence, CO2-bomb and locally increasing Ca2+ level would be three major mechanisms to remove away adipo-tissue and inhibit adipogenesis. We could say that the combination of the CaCO3: Eu and low-intensity ultrasound would be a non-invasive treatment for the body sculpture.

19.
Plant Signal Behav ; : 1994257, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34875972

RESUMO

Glutamic acid (Glu) is not only a protein amino acid, but also a signaling molecule, which takes part in various physiological processes in plants. Our previous study found that root-irrigation with Glu could improve the heat tolerance of maize seedlings by plant Glu receptor-like channels-mediated calcium signaling (Protoplasma, 2019; 256:1165-1169), but its molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this study, based on the our previous work, the maize seedlings were treated with 1 mM Glu prior to be exposed to heat stress (HS), and then the expression of genes related to related to methylglyoxal (MG)-scavenging and osmoregulation systems was quantified. The results showed that Glu treatment up-regulated the gene expression of Zea mays aldo-keto reductase (ZmAKR) under both non-HS and HS conditions. Also, the gene expression of Zea mays alkenal/alkenone reductase (ZmAAR), glyoxalase II (ZmGly II), pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (ZmP5CS), betaine dehydrogenase (ZmBADH), and trehalase (ZmTRE) was up-regualted by exogenous Glu treatment under HS conditions. These data imply that signaling molecule Glu initiated the expression of genes related to MG-scavenging and osmoregulation systems in maize seedlings, further supporting the fact that Glu-enhanced heat tolerance in plants.

20.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 731365, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881240

RESUMO

Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for metabolic disorders and cardiovascular injury. The excessive deposition of saturated fatty acids in the heart leads to chronic cardiac inflammation, which in turn causes myocardial damage and systolic dysfunction. However, the effective suppression of cardiac inflammation has emerged as a new strategy to reduce the impact of hyperlipidemia on cardiovascular disease. In this study, we identified a novel monomer, known as LuHui Derivative (LHD), which reduced the serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and reduced lipid deposition in cardiomyocytes. In addition, LHD treatment improved cardiac function, reduced hyperlipidemia-induced inflammatory infiltration in cardiomyocytes and suppressed the release of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). From a mechanistic perspective, cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36), an important cell surface receptor, was identified as a downstream target following the LHD treatment of palmitic acid-induced inflammation in cardiomyocytes. LHD specifically binds the pocket containing the regulatory sites of RNA methylation in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) protein that is responsible for elevated intracellular m6A levels. Moreover, the overexpression of the N6-methyladenosine (m6A) demethylase FTO markedly increased CD36 expression and suppressed the anti-inflammatory effects of LHD. Conversely, loss-of-function of FTO inhibited palmitic acid-induced cardiac inflammation and altered CD36 expression by diminishing the stability of CD36 mRNA. Overall, our results provide evidence for the crucial role of LHD in fatty acid-induced cardiomyocyte inflammation and present a new strategy for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and its complications.

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