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1.
Molecules ; 25(4)2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053961

RESUMO

Preparation of aluminosilicate ferrierite (FER) zeolite nanosheets with controllable thickness in the presence of a sole organic ammonium is attractive, but still challenging. In this report, with the employment of N,N-diethyl-cis-2,6-dimethylpiperidinium (DMP) as both a structure directing agent and crystal growth inhibitor, aluminosilicate FER zeolite nanosheets, with a variety of crystal thicknesses, ranging from 6 to 200 nm, are successfully synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Very interestingly, the amount of DMP in the starting gel is the key factor for crystal thickness control of aluminosilicate FER zeolite nanosheets. The obtained FER products, with different thicknesses, are well characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 sorption, thermogravimetric analysis (TG), inductively coupled plasma (ICP), and magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) techniques. This simple strategy might provide a novel avenue for the synthesis of other zeolite nanosheets with controllable thickness.

2.
Oncol Rep ; 43(3): 751-764, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020209

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most commonly observed mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract, and they originate from the interstitial cells of Cajal. GISTs can be divided into KIT/PDGFRA­mutant GISTs and wild­type GISTs based on the presence or absence of KIT/PDGFRA mutations. Wild­type GISTs can be divided into succinate dehydrogenase complex (SDH)­deficient GISTs and non­SDH­deficient GISTs. Downstream signaling pathways activated by these mutations serve a pivotal role in the development of GISTs and are associated with the biological behavior, including risk stratification, clinical prognosis and drug resistance. Accurate medical care requires accurate molecular diagnosis, which in turn prolongs the survival of patients with GISTs and makes GIST a chronic disease. At present, there is a lack of effective treatment for imatinib/sunitinib/regorafenib resistant patients and KIT/PDGFRA­WT GISTs, which is undoubtedly a major challenge for future research. The present review summarizes the molecular pathogenesis of GISTs and the progress of related research.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2111, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034221

RESUMO

This study provides insights in patterns of distribution of abiotic and biotic stress resilience across Vigna gene pools to enhance the use and conservation of these genetic resources for legume breeding. Vigna is a pantropical genus with more than 88 taxa including important crops such as V. radiata (mung bean) and V. unguiculata (cowpea). Our results show that sources of pest and disease resistance occur in at least 75 percent of the Vigna taxa, which were part of screening assessments, while sources of abiotic stress resilience occur in less than 30 percent of screened taxa. This difference in levels of resilience suggests that Vigna taxa co-evolve with pests and diseases while taxa are more conservative to adapt to climatic changes and salinization. Twenty-two Vigna taxa are poorly conserved in genebanks or not at all. This germplasm is not available for legume breeding and requires urgent germplasm collecting before these taxa extirpate on farm and in the wild. Vigna taxa, which tolerate heat and drought stress are rare compared with taxa, which escape these stresses because of short growing seasons or with taxa, which tolerate salinity. We recommend prioritizing these rare Vigna taxa for conservation and screening for combined abiotic and biotic stress resilience resulting from stacked or multifunctional traits. The high presence of salinity tolerance compared with drought stress tolerance, suggests that Vigna taxa are good at developing salt-tolerant traits. Vigna taxa are therefore of high value for legume production in areas that will suffer from salinization under global climate change.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040293

RESUMO

Graphene has been applied to thermal technology including boiling and condensation heat transfer, from which the pool boiling enhancement is relay by adjusting the surface morphology and wettability that favorable to catalyze the vaporization on fluid/graphene interface. However, previous works using graphene or reduced graphene oxide (RGO) flakes coatings, where the morphology of graphene coating are non-uniform and most of the underlying structured cavities are sealed by graphene flakes. This block the studies for a long time to unravel the mechanism behind the enhanced boiling performance by graphene coatings. Moreover, the previous work relay on using water-based pool boiling, which limits the scope of its practical applications since the versatile non-polar refrigerant are been widely used in boiling heat transfer. In this letter, the pool boiling was carried out on plain copper surface to study the effect of fluorinated graphene (F-graphene) coating using non-polar refrigerant R-141b as working fluid along with bubble dynamic visualization. It was found out the increase of contact angle leads to more active cavities and enhances heat transfer performance up to twice by applying the F-graphene coating. by applying the F-graphene coating. Moreover, the mechanism of graphene-enhanced heat transfer performance was unrivaled and mainly attributed to the comprising the hydrophobic surface and effective cavity structure. This research provides a practical and reliable route for enhancing the heat transfer through F-graphene-coatings, which pave the way for potential applications in graphene-based thermal technologies.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957251

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastases (BM) have a poor prognosis. Despite the traditional methods including radiotherapy and chemotherapy, epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) might benefit patients on survival and quality of life. We investigated the cost-effectiveness of icotinib compared with whole-brain irradiation (WBI) with or without chemotherapy for NSCLC patients with BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Markov model was conducted based on the data of BRAIN trial. We compared the economic benefit between icotinib and the combination of WBI and WBI plus chemotherapy group. We considered disease progression as intracranial progression and overall progression separately. Sensitivity analyses were performed to observe the stability of the model. The willingness-to-pay (WTP) was set as 3× per capita gross domestic product ($25929/quality-adjusted life year [QALY]) from the Chinese healthcare perspective. RESULTS: When considering progression as intracranial progression and overall progression, respectively, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was $14 882.64/QALY and $13 484.21/QALY between icotinib and WBI/WBI-chemotherapy. Besides, both of the average cost-effective ratio (ACER) and net benefit showed advantage of icotinib (ACER: $34 521.42/QALY for intracranial progression and $36 562.63/QALY for overall progression; net benefit: -$8407.36 for intracranial progression and -$9836.41 for overall progression). One-way sensitivity analyses demonstrated that no thresholds were encountered. The probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed even at a WTP under $18 000/QALY, icotinib could be cost-effective. CONCLUSION: Icotinib was cost-effective compared with WBI with or without chemotherapy.

6.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(5): 1008-1016, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930260

RESUMO

Hybrid metal compounds have been paid increasing attention for the development of electroanalysis materials due to the specific collaboration interaction and synergy effect of metal elements. Herein, a series of ultrathin Ni/Co bimetallic metal-organic-framework nanosheets (UMOFNs) with different metal ratios were investigated as high-performance electroanalysis materials for non-enzymatic glucose electrochemical sensing. The synergistic effect between Ni/Co endowed UMOFNs with not only the unique electrochemical behavior that prompts the sensing-related electrochemical oxidation at a low applied potential, but also the enhanced affinity to glucose; also, they facilitated the electron transfer involving the analyte. The UMOFN composite with an elaborately adjusted Co/Ni ratio exhibits an extremely outstanding glucose sensing performance, including high sensitivity (2086.7 µA mM-1 cm-2), wide linear range (0.1 µM-1.4 mM), low detection limit (0.047 µM), and excellent selectivity. It can also be used for the detection of glucose in actual human serum samples with an accuracy of 90.1%, demonstrating a good application prospect of the non-enzymatic electrochemical glucose detection.

7.
Clin Chim Acta ; 503: 169-174, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduced serum omentin-1 concentrations might be related to an increased risk for poor functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke. We intended to explore whether serum omentin-1 could be a promising prognostic biomarker for acute intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: A total of 104 consecutive patients with hemorrhagic stroke underwent 90-day follow-up. The modified Rankin scale score >2 was evaluated as worse prognosis. A multivariable logistic model was conFig.d for assessing the relationship between serum omentin-1 concentrations and functional outcome. RESULTS: Serum omentin-1 concentrations, with the median value of 147.9 ng/ml (interquartile range, 114.7-199.8 ng/ml), were substantially declined with rising modified Rankin scale scores (P < 0.001). Serum omentin-1 concentrations <147.9 ng/ml was independently related to higher risk of 90-day worse prognosis (odds ratio, 3.789; 95% confidence interval, 1.819-8.608; P = 0.018). Under receiver operating characteristic curve, an optimal value of serum omentin-1 concentrations was selected as 179.7 ng/ml, which yielded 0.88 sensitivity value and 0.70 specificity value for discriminating patients at risk of 90-day worse prognosis (area under curve, 0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.73-0.89). CONCLUSIONS: Lower serum omentin-1 concentrations are closely associated with poor functional outcome after hemorrhagic stroke, substantializing serum omentin-1 as a potential prognostic biomarker for acute intracerebral hemorrhage.

8.
Xenobiotica ; 50(2): 125-134, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865477

RESUMO

1. Docetaxel (DTX) liposome powder was stable over three months, and the liposome suspension was stable within 8 h.2. Rabbits, rats and mice were intravenously treated with DTX-LP or with a DTX injection (DTX-IN). Four major metabolites of DTX were identified in feces: M1, M2, M3 and M4. However, M4 was not found in the bile.3. The most abundant metabolite in the feces was M2 followed by M1/M3, with only a small amount of M4 observed. The most abundant metabolite in bile was also M2, followed by M1/M3.4. The liposomal delivery of DTX did not alter the in vivo drug metabolism, and there were no significant differences among the three species tested. This suggested that this formulation is pharmaceutically safe for clinical use. In contrast to the traditional injected formula, DTX-LP administration significantly delayed drug metabolism, as observed in feces and bile. This property will greatly enhance the DTX therapeutic efficacy and reduce the systemic side effects of NSCLC treatment.

9.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 58: 126438, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Observational studies have suggested that selenium levels might associate with the risk of cardio-metabolic diseases, but how circulating selenium is related to dyslipidemia remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of circulating selenium levels with lipid profiles and dyslipidemia among US adults. METHODS: Using the data collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2006), we performed multivariate logistic regression to examine the association of circulating selenium levels (in quartiles) with total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-C, and atherogenic index (AI). RESULTS: We included 2903 adults (49.3 % male) (average age: 61.9) for analysis. Circulating selenium had non-linear association with TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and AI (all p < 0.05). When comparing with the lowest quartile, subjects with the highest quartile of circulating selenium (>147.00 µg/L) had the higher odds of elevated TG (OR: 1.75, 95% CI = 1.14, 2.68), TC (OR: 2.47, 95% CI = 1.62, 3.76), LDL-C (OR: 2.52, 95% CI = 1.60, 3.96), non-HDL-C (OR: 2.17, 95% CI = 1.41, 3.33), AI (OR: 1.20, 95% CI = 0.73, 1.97) and low-HDL-C (OR: 2.10, 95% CI = 1.19, 3.72). Similar patterns were observed in subgroup analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Higher circulating selenium levels had non-linear association with lipid profiles and the increased odds of dyslipidemia.

10.
J Med Virol ; 92(3): 263-270, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674680

RESUMO

Poliovirus (PV) is a member of the species Enterovirus C (EV-C), which may cause irreversible paralysis and death. So, for the purpose of analyzing the evolution of PV2 to help in eradicating PVs globally, a recombination analysis was performed to verify all viral genomes of EV-C, and we found 13 putative recombination events that produced PV1, 14 recombination events that can give rise to PV2, and 9 events that can lead to PV3. By analyzing our findings, we found that PV2 was involved in 25 of 36 PV recombination events, whereas coxsackievirus A (CVA) strains were involved in 12 of 36 PV recombination events, indicating that PV2 and CVAs play major roles in the natural recombination of PV. In addition, we found 11 of 36 breakpoint positions located in 2A region, which is the most active region of the recombination events.

11.
ChemSusChem ; 13(2): 298-303, 2020 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713317

RESUMO

The introduction of phosphorus functional groups into the skeleton of thioflavones is an attractive task and of great significance. Herein, a metal-free visible-light-induced radical cascade cyclization was developed for the preparation of 2-phosphorylated thioflavones from methylthiolated alkynones and phosphine oxides. In water as a green reaction medium, a large number of such 2-phosphorylated thioflavones were prepared, catalyzed by 4CzIPN [1,2,3,5-tetrakis(carbazol-9-yl)-4,6-dicyanobenzene] under visible-light irradiation. These reactions could be performed at ambient temperature and feature simple operation, wide reaction scope, and recyclability of aqueous media.

12.
Toxicol Lett ; 319: 119-128, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682869

RESUMO

Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) may cause or exacerbate many diseases, including respiratory inflammation. However, the full mechanism is not yet fully understood. The newly discovered long chain non-coding RNA, though unable to encode proteins, regulates multiple life activities and participates in the development of inflammation. In this study, we set up a cell inflammation model by using normal bronchial 16HBE cells exposed to PM2.5. High-throughput sequencing, as well as real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR detection and validation, was performed on the inflamed cells to evaluate the expression level of long chain noncoding RNA that helped us to identify the LncRNA LOC101927514. Inhibiting LncRNA LOC101927514 expression by RNAi, reflected in a reduction in inflammation, is driven by PM2.5. In addition, we identify LncRNA LOC101927514 to be located within the nucleus and binds to STAT3, altering the inflammatory state of the cells and IL6 and IL8 release. This study identifies that LncRNA LOC101927514 is a new potential target for future treatment of the inflammatory response activated by PM2.5 in the respiratory system.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Brônquios/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/genética , Material Particulado/toxicidade , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Contagem de Células , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-8/biossíntese , Interleucina-8/genética , Fosforilação , Ligação Proteica , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
14.
Bioinformatics ; 36(2): 586-593, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347688

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Advances in experimental and imaging techniques have allowed for unprecedented insights into the dynamical processes within individual cells. However, many facets of intracellular dynamics remain hidden, or can be measured only indirectly. This makes it challenging to reconstruct the regulatory networks that govern the biochemical processes underlying various cell functions. Current estimation techniques for inferring reaction rates frequently rely on marginalization over unobserved processes and states. Even in simple systems this approach can be computationally challenging, and can lead to large uncertainties and lack of robustness in parameter estimates. Therefore we will require alternative approaches to efficiently uncover the interactions in complex biochemical networks. RESULTS: We propose a Bayesian inference framework based on replacing uninteresting or unobserved reactions with time delays. Although the resulting models are non-Markovian, recent results on stochastic systems with random delays allow us to rigorously obtain expressions for the likelihoods of model parameters. In turn, this allows us to extend MCMC methods to efficiently estimate reaction rates, and delay distribution parameters, from single-cell assays. We illustrate the advantages, and potential pitfalls, of the approach using a birth-death model with both synthetic and experimental data, and show that we can robustly infer model parameters using a relatively small number of measurements. We demonstrate how to do so even when only the relative molecule count within the cell is measured, as in the case of fluorescence microscopy. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: Accompanying code in R is available at https://github.com/cbskust/DDE_BD. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

15.
Postgrad Med J ; 96(1132): 73-78, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of serum uric acid (SUA) for incident acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in hypertensive subjects is uncertain. Therefore, the present study examined the association between SUA and incident ACS in a large cohort of Chinese hypertensive adults. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study, which enrolled 5473 Chinese community-dwelling hypertensive patients from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012. Study outcomes were ACS events, and patients were followed until 31 December 2016. Cox regression analyses were conducted to determine adjusted HRs and 95% CIs for baseline SUA tertiles (low, middle and high group) and for men and women separately. RESULTS: A total of 5473 participants were included in the analysis (median follow-up was 4.5 years). Participants were divided into tertiles based on SUA levels. During follow-up, 9 (0.49%), 14 (0.77%) and 25 (1.37%) patients developed ACS in the lowest, middle and highest tertiles, respectively. When compared with the lowest tertile of SUA, the highest tertile of SUA was associated with ACS risk in all subjects and in men and women separately (HR: 2.62, 95% CI 1.14 to 7.01, p=0.0233; 2.15, 95% CI 1.08 to 6.04, p=0.021, and 3.49, 95% CI 1.25 to 7.74, p=0.017, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Higher SUA levels were independently associated with an elevated risk of ACS incidence. The relationship between SUA levels and ACS in hypertensive patients was J-shaped.

16.
Neurosci Bull ; 36(2): 165-173, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482520

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms underlying the mediation of iron transport by L-type Ca2+ channels (LTCCs) in primary cultured ventral mesencephalon (VM) neurons from rats. We found that co-treatment with 100 µmol/L FeSO4 and MPP+ (1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium) significantly increased the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species, decreased the mitochondrial transmembrane potential and increased the caspase-3 activation compared to MPP+ treatment alone. Co-treatment with 500 µmol/L CaCl2 further aggravated the FeSO4-induced neurotoxicity in MPP+-treated VM neurons. Co-treatment with 10 µmol/L isradipine, an LTCC blocker, alleviated the neurotoxicity induced by co-application of FeSO4 and FeSO4/CaCl2. Further studies indicated that MPP+ treatment accelerated the iron influx into VM neurons. In addition, FeSO4 treatment significantly increased the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. These effects were blocked by isradipine. These results suggest that elevated extracellular Ca2+ aggravates iron-induced neurotoxicity. LTCCs mediate iron transport in dopaminergic neurons and this, in turn, results in elevated intracellular Ca2+ and further aggravates iron-induced neurotoxicity.

17.
Platelets ; 31(1): 94-102, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810451

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between nadir platelet count and acute kidney injury (AKI) or 28-day all-cause mortality induced by hemorrhagic shock (HS), and to determine the cutoff value of nadir platelet count in HS clinical practice. This retrospective study included hospitalized patients enrolled in a tertiary-care teaching hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015. Clinical data from HS admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) were evaluated. Nadir platelet count was defined as the lowest values in the first 48 h. Multivariate logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to assess the correlation between nadir platelet count and AKI or 28-day all-cause mortality induced by HS, respectively; the area under receiver operating characteristic (AU-ROC) and Youde's index were used to determine the optimal cutoff value of nadir platelet count. Kaplan-Meier's method and log-rank test were assessed for the 28-day all-cause mortality in AKI and non-AKI groups. Of 1589 patients screened, 84 patients (mean age,37.1 years; 58 males) were included in the primary analysis in which 30 patients with AKI. Multiple logistic results indicated that nadir platelet count was a risk factor of AKI (OR = 0.71,95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54-0.93, P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis revealed that nadir platelet count was independent risk factors for 28-day all-cause mortality (Hazard ratios [HR]0.89,95%CI 0.76-0.99, P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier curve showed that 28-day all-cause mortality was significantly higher in patients with AKI than non-AKI (P < 0.001).These results suggest that nadir platelet count in the first 48 h is a new biomarker for AKI and 28-day all-cause mortality induced by HS. Moreover, the risk for AKI and 28-day all-cause mortality in HS patients decreased by 29% and 11%, respectively, for every 10 × 109/L increase in platelet count. Additional studies are needed to investigate whether elevation of nadir platelet count reduces the risk in different genders.

18.
Life Sci ; 242: 117182, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863770

RESUMO

AIMS: The present study was designed to compare the effects of a low-fat diet (LF), calorie restriction (CR), quercetin (Que) and exercise (Ex) on hepatic steatosis in a high-fat (HF) diet-induced obesity prone (OP) model in the perspective of microRNA (miR)-dependent thyroid hormone (TH) synthesis and action. MAIN METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were administered a HF diet for 10 weeks to induce OP phenotype and then divided into 5 groups, HF diet (OP-HF), LF diet (OP-LF), 70% CR (OP-CR), 0.05% Que (OP-Que) and a treadmill exercise regimen (OP-Ex); one additional group fed LF diet served as control (LF). 7 weeks later, serum indexes, metabolic alterations, redox status and histological appearance in the thyroid and liver, and TH related miRs with their targets expressions were determined. KEY FINDINGS: No significance on T3 levels was observed among the six groups. LF, CR, Que and Ex significantly ameliorated HF-induced hepatic steatosis to varying degrees, inhibited T4 production via differentially elevating miR-339, miR-383 and miR-146b to decrease NIS expression and regulating miR-200a/Nrf2 to maintain redox status in the thyroid. Furthermore, these four interventions differentially and significantly decreased miR-383 and miR-146b to elevate TRb and DIO1 expression, and subsequent TH responsive lipid metabolism genes regulation. Among them, the effects of CR on hepatic steatosis were the most prominent. SIGNIFICANCE: Our data indicated that amelioration of hepatic steatosis by LF, CR, Que and Ex resulted in many shared, but also many differential changes in the miR-dependent TH production and action.


Assuntos
Dieta com Restrição de Gorduras , Fígado Gorduroso/terapia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Animais , Restrição Calórica , Fígado Gorduroso/dietoterapia , Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos/análise , Fígado/química , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Quercetina/uso terapêutico
19.
Gene ; 730: 144316, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is widely known as the leading cause of death in patients with lung cancer. Extensive evidence has determined that microRNAs (miRNAs) exert critical effects on various biological processes in tumorigenesis. microRNA-147b (miR-147b) has been reported to serve as an oncogenic molecule in colorectal cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma, however, its prognostic value and biological effect in LUAD remain rare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miR-147b and microfibril-associated glycoprotein 4 (MFAP4) data were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to determine their expression levels in LUAD tissues. Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the overall survival curves for the prognostic power of miR-147b and MFAP4 identification. Chi-square test was utilized to demonstrate the association between clinical characteristics and miR-147b or MFAP4 in LUAD. Luciferse reporter assay was implemented to identify the correlation between miR-147b and MFAP4. The mRNA and protein levels were detected by qRT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. To explore the effects of miR-147b and its potential mechanism in LUAD, cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8), colony formation and transwell assays were performed in LUAD cells with abnormal expression of miR-147b or/and MFAP4. RESULTS: Our results showed that miR-147b was up-regulated in LUAD tissues and cell lines, which induced poor outcome. Conversely, MFAP4, the putative target gene of miR-147b, was down-regulated in LUAD. The expression of MFAP4 in LUAD cells was negatively regulated by miR-147b. Results of experiments in vitro revealed that miR-147b could promote cell proliferation, colony formation, invasion and migration, while up-regulation of MFAP4 suppressed the impacts of miR-147b on cell malignant aggressiveness in A549 and Calu-3 cells. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, these findings determined that miR-147b contributed to the progression of LUAD via targeting MFAP4. Thus, understanding the potential mechanism of miR-147b/MFAP4 may improve the treatment of cancers, especially LUAD.

20.
Environ Int ; 134: 105269, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that air pollutants may increase the incidence of metabolic syndrome, but the potential impact from traffic sources is not well-understood. This study aimed to investigate associations between traffic-related nitrogen oxides (NOx) or noise pollution and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and its components in an elderly Mexican-American population. METHODS: A total of 1,554 Mexican-American participants of the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA) cohort were followed from 1998 to 2007. We used anthropometric measures and biomarkers to define metabolic syndrome according to the recommendations of the Third Adult Treatment Panel of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP ATP III). Based on participants' residential addresses at baseline, estimates of local traffic-related NOx were generated using the California Line Source Dispersion Model version 4 (CALINE4), and of noise employing the SoundPLAN software package. We used Cox regression models with calendar time as the underlying time scale to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations of air pollution or noise with metabolic syndrome or its components. RESULTS: Each per unit increase of traffic-related NOx (2.29 parts per billion (ppb)) was associated with a 15% (HR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.04-1.28) lower level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol), and each 11.6 decibels (dB) increase in noise increased the risk of developing metabolic syndrome by 17% (HR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.01-1.35). CONCLUSION: Policies aiming to reduce traffic-related air pollution and noise might mitigate the risk of metabolic syndrome and its components in vulnerable populations.

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