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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386871

RESUMO

This work describes the characterization and genome annotation of Salmonella phage vB_SalM_8-19 (referred to as 8-19) isolated from sewage samples collected in a pig farm in Jilin, China. This phage was capable of infecting 60% Salmonella strains in our lab stock. The genome of phage 8-19 is composed of linear double-stranded DNA that is 52,648 bp in length with a G + C content of 46.02%; containing 74 ORFs and no tRNA genes. In October 2019, phylogenetic analyses indicated that phage 8-19 might belong to a novel cluster among the other similar phages which have not been specifically classified within some new genus in family Myoviridae. Recently, the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) defined phage 8-19 and its related phages as genus Rosemountvirus, family Myoviridae. This new genus, known as Rosemountvirus, is rarely reported in the literature.

2.
J Virol ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408178

RESUMO

Coxsackievirus A5 (CV-A5) has recently emerged as a main hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) pathogen. Following a large-scale vaccination campaign against enterovirus 71 (EV-71) in China, the number of HFMD-associated cases with EV-71 was reduced, especially severe and fatal cases. However, the total number of HFMD cases remains high, as HFMD is also caused by other enterovirus serotypes. A multivalent HFMD vaccine containing 4 or 6 antigens of enterovirus serotypes is urgently needed. A formaldehyde-inactivated CV-A5 vaccine derived from Vero cells was used to inoculate newborn Kunming mice on days 3 and 10. The mice were challenged on day 14 with a mouse-adapted CV-A5 strain at a lethal dose, which was lethal for 14-day-old suckling mice. Within 14 days post-challenge, groups of mice immunized with three formulations, empty particles (EPs), full particles (FPs) and a mixture of the EP and FP vaccine candidates, all survived, while 100% of the mock-immunized mice died. Neutralizing antibodies (NtAbs) were detected in the sera of immunized mice, and the NtAb levels were correlated with the survival rate of the challenged mice. The virus loads in organs were reduced, and pathological changes and viral protein expression were weak or not observed in the immunized mice compared with those in alum-inoculated control mice. Another interesting finding was the identification of CV-A5 dense particles (DPs), facilitating morphogenesis study. These results demonstrated that the Vero cell-adapted CV-A5 strain is a promising vaccine candidate and could be used as a multivalent HFMD vaccine component in the future.IMPORTANCE The vaccine candidate strain CV-A5 was produced with a high infectivity titer and a high viral particle yield. Three particle forms, empty particles (EPs), full particles (FPs) and dense particles (DPs), were obtained and characterized after purification. The immunogenicities of EP, FP, and EP+FP were evaluated in mice. Mouse-adapted CV-A5 was generated as a challenge strain to infect 14-day-old mice. An active immunization challenge mouse model was established to evaluate the efficacy of the inactivated vaccine candidate. This animal model mimics vaccination, similar immune responses of the vaccinated. The animal model also tests protective efficacy in response to the vaccine against the disease. This work is important for the preparation of multivalent vaccines against HFMD caused by different emerging strains.

3.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 16(1): 8, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411061

RESUMO

Periodical silver nanoparticle (NP) arrays were fabricated by magnetron sputtering method with anodic aluminum oxide templates to enhance the UV light emission from ZnO by the surface plasmon resonance effect. Theoretical simulations indicated that the surface plasmon resonance wavelength depended on the diameter and space of Ag NP arrays. By introducing Ag NP arrays with the diameter of 40 nm and space of 100 nm, the photoluminescence intensity of the near band-edge emission from ZnO was twofold enhanced. Time-resolved photoluminescence measurement and energy band analysis indicated that the UV light emission enhancement was attributed to the coupling between the surface plasmons in Ag NP arrays and the excitons in ZnO with the improved spontaneous emission rate and enhanced local electromagnetic fields.

4.
Neurosci Bull ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421025

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a form of iron-dependent regulated cell death. Evidence of its existence and the effects of its inhibitors on subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is still lacking. In the present study, we found that liproxstatin-1 protected HT22 cells against hemin-induced injury by protecting mitochondrial functions and ameliorating lipid peroxidation. In in vivo experiments, we demonstrated the presence of characteristic shrunken mitochondria in ipsilateral cortical neurons after SAH. Moreover, liproxstatin-1 attenuated the neurological deficits and brain edema, reduced neuronal cell death, and restored the redox equilibrium after SAH. The inhibition of ferroptosis by liproxstatin-1 was associated with the preservation of glutathione peroxidase 4 and the downregulation of acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 as well as cyclooxygenase 2. In addition, liproxstatin-1 decreased the activation of microglia and the release of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α. These data enhance our understanding of cell death after SAH and shed light on future preclinical studies.

5.
J Med Chem ; 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423463

RESUMO

Tetrazanbigen (TNBG) is a novel sterol isoquinoline derivative with poor water solubility and moderate inhibitory effects on human cancer cell lines via lipoapoptosis induction. Herein, we developed a series of novel TNBG analogues with improved water solubility and antiproliferative activities. The CCK-8 assay enabled us to identify a novel compound, 14g, which strongly inhibited HepG2 and A549 cell growth with IC50 values of 0.54 and 0.47 µM, respectively. The anticancer effects might be explained by the partial activation and upregulation of PPARγ expression, as indicated by the transactivation assay and western blotting evaluation. Furthermore, the in vitro antiproliferative activity was verified in an in vivo xenograft model in which 14g strongly reduced tumor growth at a dose of 10 mg/kg. In line with these positive observations, 14g exhibited an excellent water solubility of 31.4 mg/mL, which was more than 1000-fold higher than that of TNBG (4 µg/mL). Together, these results suggest that 14g is a promising anticancer therapeutic that deserves further investigation.

6.
J Eukaryot Microbiol ; : e12836, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289220

RESUMO

Eimeria tenella is an obligate intracellular parasite in the phylum Apicomplexa. As described for other members of Apicomplexa, apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) has been shown to be critical for sporozoite invasion of host cells by E. tenella. Recently, an E. tenella paralogue of AMA1 (EtAMA1), dubbed sporoAMA1 (EtAMA3), was identified in proteomic and transcriptomic analyses of E. tenella, but not further characterized. Here, we show that EtAMA3 is a type I integral membrane protein that has 24% -38% identity with other EtAMAs. EtAMA3 has the same pattern of Cys residues in domains I and II of AMA1 orthologs from apicomplexan parasites, but high variance in domain III, with all six invariant Cys residues absent. EtAMA3 expression was developmentally regulated at the mRNA and protein levels. EtAMA3 protein was detected in sporulated oocysts and sporozoites, but not in the unsporulated oocysts or second-generation merozoites. EtAMA3 is secreted by micronemes and is primarily localized to the apical end of sporozoites during host-cell invasion. Additionally, pretreatment of sporozoites with rEtAMA3-specific antibodies substantially impeded their invasion into host cells. These results suggest EtAMA3 is a sporozoite-specific protein that is involved in host-cell sporozoite invasion.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(20): 4929-4937, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350266

RESUMO

Nineteen compounds were isolated and structurally characterized from an ethanol extract of Dendrobium gratiossimum, including dendrogratiol A(1), DDB-1(2), 3,4-dihydroxyl-5,3',4'-trimethoxybibenzyl(3), amoenylin(4), chrysotoxine(5), DTB(6), 3,4,4'-trihydroxyl-5,3'-dimethoxybenzyl(7), 3-methylgiga(8), aloifol(9), gigantol tetramethyl ether(10), batatasin Ⅲ(11), moscatilin(12), moniliformine(13), gigantol(14), DMB(15), flavanthrinin(16), cannithrene-2(17), 3,4-dihydroxyl-5,4'-dimethoxystilbene(18) and 4-hydroxy-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene(19). 1 was a new compound, and 2-10, 16, 18 and 19 were obtained from this plant species for the first time. In vitro cytotoxic and antiviral activities of these isolates were evaluated, which displayed that 4 showed moderate cytotoxicity against human hepatoma cell line HepG2 with the IC_(50) of 10.15 µmol·L~(-1); 7 and 12 exhibited moderate inhibitory activity towards HIV virus with the IC_(50) of 9.35 and 9.15 µmol·L~(-1), respectively; and 10 displayed inhibitory activity against IAV virus with the IC_(50) of 8.90 µmol·L~(-1).


Assuntos
Bibenzilas , Dendrobium , Bibenzilas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Humanos
9.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(4): 326-330, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351299

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of entecavir on the reproductive function of male patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: This study included 56 CHB male patients (aged 18-45 ï¼»33.14 ± 5.38ï¼½ years) initially treated with entecavir at 0.5 mg/d for 24 weeks from 2015 to 2018 and another 24 healthy fertile male volunteers (aged 21-45 ï¼»32.62 ± 5.94ï¼½ years) as normal controls. We obtained the body mass index (BMI), reproductive hormone levels, semen parameters and IIEF-5 scores from the subjects and compared them between the two groups before and after treatment. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the CHB and normal control groups in age, BMI, lifestyle and baseline reproductive hormone levels except in the levels of FSH (ï¼»3.92 ± 1.29ï¼½ vs ï¼»3.08 ± 0.85ï¼½ mIU/ml, P = 0.003) and E2 (ï¼»35.79 ± 7.49ï¼½ vs ï¼»28.25 ± 7.09ï¼½ pg/ml, P < 0.01). The semen parameters were significantly lower in the CHB patients than in the normal controls, including total sperm motility (ï¼»37.75 ± 13.33ï¼½% vs ï¼»49.58 ± 9.27ï¼½%, P = 0.004), the percentage of progressively motile sperm (PMS) (ï¼»30.70 ± 10.03ï¼½% vs ï¼»42.46 ± 8.90ï¼½%, P < 0.01), sperm concentration (ï¼»51.51 ± 19.50ï¼½ vs 70.33 ± 30.62) ×106/ml, P = 0.007), and total sperm count (ï¼»160.2 ± 51.8ï¼½ vs ï¼»225.91 ± 97.97ï¼½ ×106, P = 0.002), and so were the IIEF-5 scores (19.32 ± 2.34 vs 21.25 ± 2.35, P = 0.0006). After 24 weeks of entecavir treatment, the CHB patients showed no significant difference from the baseline in the semen volume, semen pH and days of abstinence, but remarkable improvement in total motility (ï¼»37.75 ± 13.33ï¼½ vs ï¼»44.1 ± 11.89ï¼½%, P = 0.004), PMS (ï¼»30.70 ± 10.03ï¼½ vs ï¼»38.30 ± 7.42ï¼½%, P < 0.01), sperm concentration (ï¼»51.51 ± 19.50ï¼½ vs ï¼»62.00 ± 24.64ï¼½ ×106/ml, P = 0.007), total sperm count (ï¼»160.21 ± 51.8ï¼½ vs ï¼»207.65 ± 81.69ï¼½ ×106, P = 0.0002), and IIEF-5 score (20.13 ± 1.82 vs 19.32 ± 2.34, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: CHB patients have lower sexual function and semen quality than normal males. Entecavir can significantly improve the liver function, sexual function and semen quality of the CHB patients, but whether it directly improves the sexual function and semen quality of the patients or indirectly through liver function improvement needs to be further studied.

11.
Probl Radiac Med Radiobiol ; 25: 249-264, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Ucraniano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the key environmental determinants that shape the response of the social environment tothe activities of nuclear power plants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The poll was conducted in the observation zone (OZ) of the South-Ukrainian NPP (SUNPP).A repetition-free probabilistic selection was used in the population survey. The sample of respondents from the population of the SUNPP OZ was 322 people with the sampling error of 5.4 % and confidence interval of 95.0%. An ordinal 5-point measurement scale was used to assess the quality of life and anxiety, and nominal measurement scaleswere used for other issues. All the age groups of population from 20 to 65 years were taken into account. The sociohygienic, sociological, statistical and mathematical research methods were applied in the process of work (relativevalues, averages, reliability of paired differences according to Student's t test). RESULTS: The level of perception of radiation risk by the population of the NPP OZ was the lowest among respondentsof satellite cities of Rivne NPP (RNPP) and SUNPP compared to the population of rural settlements and cities of theOZ. Storage and shipment of radioactive waste are the determinant among the factors that form an environmentalthreat to the population of OZ as a result of NPP activities. Social factors that determine the assessment of environmental safety of NPP activities are employment at the NPP, place of residence, gender, age, level of education of thepopulation, etc. The «Ch-image¼ of the ecological catastrophe formed in the population of Ukraine as a result of theChNPP accident , regardless of the place of residence on the territory of Ukraine, influences behavior, formation ofplans and assessments, especially in population living near the ionizing radiation sources. CONCLUSION: The current legislation governing the relationship between functioning NPPs and the communities inwhich they are located needs to be improved, guided by the basic principle of environmental public health - socialjustice, i.e. the human right to a healthy environment. It means that the settlements of the OZ (communities)receive funds to compensate for risk living in compliance with certain safety rules to maintain health. Legal regulation and constant awareness of population are the main directions for the formation of adequate assessments.

12.
Probl Radiac Med Radiobiol ; 25: 592-606, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Ucraniano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common genetic cardiomyopathy. Extended septalmyectomy (ESM) is one of the priority methods of treatment of drug-refractory obstructive HCM. In recent years,hospital mortality during surgical correction of obstructive HCM in expert centers does not exceed 1-2 %. However,typical threatening complications of septal myectomy, such as iatrogenic ventricular septal defect (VSD) and rupture of the anterior or posterior walls of the left ventricle (LV), remain a topical issue in surgery of HCM. OBJECTIVE: to show the role of preoperative CT-planning to predict and reduce possible technical problems associated with ESM, including iatrogenic VSD. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study includes 217 symptomatic patients with obstructive HCM, who from April 2016to October 2019 as one of the steps of preoperative planning underwent cardiac CT prior to ESM. Cardiac CT was performed to delineate the left ventricular myocardium, assess the distribution of hypertrophy and the presence ofcrypts. Special attention was also paid to the anatomy of the mitral valve (MV) and subvalvular apparatus. Coronaryartery patency was assessed by CAD-RADS, a standardized method for reporting the results of coronary CT angiography to determine tactics for further management of the patient. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In the study group, the average age of patients was (49 ± 15) years, 48 % - men. All patientshad a symptomatic, drug-refractory obstructive form of HCM. The mean maximum wall thickness of the interventricular septum (IVS) was (20 ± 5) mm (range 16-33). The average LV mass was (118 ± 23) g/m2. 195 patients (89.9 %)had systolic anterior motion ( SAM) of the MV. MV and subvalvular apparatus anomalies were detected in 62 patients(28.6 %). A zone of scarring and regression of IVS after alcohol septal ablation (ASA) was detected in 7 patients(0.3 %) with residual LV outflow gradient. Coronary arteries atherosclerosis was detected in 32 patients (14.7 %). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative CT-planning of septal myectomy allows to obtain information on morphology of the LV,IVS, MV and subvalvular apparatus, and gives the surgeon the advantage to form a more accurate plan for the location and volume of septal resection, and avoid complications when correcting obstructive HCM. No iatrogenic VSDwas detected in any of the patient in the study group.

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(12): 5656-5667, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374083

RESUMO

With the acceleration of urbanization and industrialization, the content and pollution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in urban soils have been sources of widespread concern. Taking Shizuishan City as an example, the spatial distribution characteristics of PAHs in 156 surface soil samples (0-20 cm) from eight urban functional areas were analyzed. Single factor and Nemero composite indices, as well as a lifetime cancer risk increment model were used to evaluate PAHs pollution in soils. The sources of PAHs were analyzed using the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model. The results showed that the mean value of PAHs in the surface soil of Shizuishan City was 489.82 ng·g-1 and the coefficient of variation of 15 PAHs except for Pyr were more than 100%, indicating strong variation. The PAH contents of urban surface soils in different functional areas showed the following:traffic area (1217.61 ng·g-1) > industrial area (809.58 ng·g-1) > park (273.66 ng·g-1) > cultural and educational area (268.18 ng·g-1) > commercial area (240.05 ng·g-1) > agricultural area (226.81 ng·g-1) > medical area (211.90 ng·g-1) > residential area (183.49 ng·g-1). The Nemero composite index showed that 82.58% of the samples had no pollution, and the proportion of slight, mild, and moderate pollution were 6.45%, 4.52%, and 0.65%, respectively. Only 5.8% of the samples had serious pollution. The results of health risk assessment showed that skin contact and ingestion were the main routes of PAH exposure in soil, and the health risk was acceptable. Source analysis showed that the main sources of PAHs in Shizuishan City were traffic emissions, coal combustion, mixed biomass/heavy oil combustion, and oil sources, with contribution rates of 10.5%, 36.6%, 50.3%, and 2.6% respectively, and most of the high values were distributed in industrial or coal production areas. These results could provide reference for the study of soil pollution in industrial cities, and play an important role in preventing soil pollution, ensuring the environmental quality of the soil and human health and safety.

14.
Mar Drugs ; 18(12)2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352941

RESUMO

Fungi are a prospective resource of bioactive compounds, but conventional methods of drug discovery are not effective enough to fully explore their metabolic potential. This study aimed to develop an easily attainable method to elicit the metabolic potential of fungi using Aspergillus nidulans laeA as a transcription regulation tool. In this study, functional analysis of Aspergillus nidulans laeA (AnLaeA) and Aspergillus sp. Z5 laeA (Az5LaeA) was done in the fungus Aspergillus sp. Z5. Heterologous AnLaeA-and native Az5LaeA-overexpression exhibited similar phenotypic effects and caused an increase in production of a bioactive compound diorcinol in Aspergillus sp. Z5, which proved the conserved function of this global regulator. In particular, heteroexpression of AnLaeA showed a significant impact on the expression of velvet complex genes, diorcinol synthesis-related genes, and different transcription factors (TFs). Moreover, heteroexpression of AnLaeA influenced the whole genome gene expression of Aspergillus sp. Z5 and triggered the upregulation of many genes. Overall, these findings suggest that heteroexpression of AnLaeA in fungi serves as a simple and easy method to explore their metabolic potential. In relation to this, AnLaeA was overexpressed in the fungus Penicillium sp. LC1-4, which resulted in increased production of quinolactacin A.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350805

RESUMO

Rapid detection of the handiness of chiral molecules is an important topic for pharmaceutical industries because chiral drugs with opposing handiness sometimes exhibit unwanted side effects. In this research, a rapid optical method is proposed to determine the handiness of the chiral drug "Thalidomide". The platform is a large array of three-dimensional (3D) twisted metamaterials fabricated with a novel method by combining nanospherical-lens lithography (NLL) and hole-mask lithography (HML). The fabrication is high-throughput and the twisted metamaterials cover a large area. Strong circular dichroism (CD) response is observed in the near-infrared (NIR) region, which enables the chiral detection to be performed by a low-cost and portable spectroscope system. The proposed nanofabrication method significantly improves the capabilities of NLL and HML, which can be quickly adapted to fabricate various periodic 3D metamaterials. In addition, the results of this research pave the road for the rapid penetration of nanophotonics into the pharmaceutical industries.

16.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338348

RESUMO

The article presents the results of implementation of per capita payment with elements of fund-holding in the Russian regions. The objective of study was to develop proposals improving implementation of per capita payment for medical care with elements of fund-holding to decrease risks of its implementation in the regions of the Russian Federation. The definition of the concept of fund-holding is given. The obstacles for implementation of per capita payment with elements of fund-holding in the regions of the Russian Federation are considered. The suggestions are proposed for choosing areas for improving normative legal base regulating payment of medical care at the expense of compulsory medical insurance funds in the Russian Federation.


Assuntos
Administração Financeira , Federação Russa
17.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 18: 2280800020975172, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poly Ether Ether Ketone (PEEK) has been considered as a potential alternative material for endosseous dental implants, for its low elastic modulus, biocompatibility, and low cost in customized device manufacture. Hydroxyapatite-incorporation is supposed to improve the poor osseointegration of PEEK. METHODS: In the present study we analyzed the in vivo response of hydroxyapatite-incorporated PEEK (PEEK-HA) implants in canine tibia. PEEK-HA and PEEK implants were implanted and were examined 4 weeks and 12 weeks after implantation with radiology and histology. Commercial titanium dental implants served as controls. RESULTS: The ratio of bone volume to tissue volume of PEEK-HA implants was higher than that of PEEK implants 4 weeks after implantation in the µ-CT analysis. The bone implant contact of PEEK and PEEK-HA implants showed no statistical difference in the histological examination, but newly-formed bone around PEEK-HA implants showed more signs of mineralization than that around PEEK implants. CONCLUSION: The study suggested that bone formation was improved with hydroxyapatite-incorporation in PEEK. Hydroxyapatite-incorporated PEEK implants may represent a potential material for endosseous dental implant.

18.
J Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33272780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are at high risk of atherosclerotic events. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the cardiovascular protective effect of colchicine on patients with CAD. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed and Embase for studies published until April 28, 2020. We included studies that reported the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and mortality for CAD patients within colchicine and control (placebo or usual care) groups. A random-effects meta-analysis model was then applied. RESULTS: Ten eligible trials were identified, including 6398 patients (3248 received colchicine while 3150 were controls). The risk of composite events of MI and restenosis after PCI was significantly decreased with colchicine treatment [odds ratio (OR) 0.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.28-0.79]. We found a similar trend of lowered risk of MI in the colchicine group, although without statistical significance (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.16-1.08). The risk of restenosis after PCI also decreased significantly with colchicine treatment (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.23-0.92). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the two groups (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.56-1.15). The included patients had significantly higher risks of gastrointestinal (GI) events with colchicine treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis shows that there is a decreased composite risk of MI and restenosis after PCI with the use of colchicine in patients with CAD. However, colchicine did not appear beneficial for all-cause mortality, and it led to a higher risk of GI events.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274751

RESUMO

Objectives Lead exposure causes neurocognitive dysfunction in children, but its association with neurocognition in adults at current occupational exposure levels is uncertain mainly due to the lack of longitudinal studies. In the Study for Promotion of Health in Recycling Lead (NCT02243904), we assessed the two-year responses of neurocognitive function among workers without previous known occupational exposure newly hired at lead recycling plants. Methods Workers completed the digit-symbol test (DST) and Stroop test (ST) at baseline and annual follow-up visits. Blood lead (BL) was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (detection limit 0.5 µg/dL). Statistical methods included multivariable-adjusted mixed models with participants modelled as random effect. Results DST was administered to 260 participants (11.9% women; 46.9%/45.0% whites/Hispanics; mean age 29.4 years) and ST to 168 participants. Geometric means were 3.97 and 4.13 µg/dL for baseline BL, and 3.30 and 3.44 for the last-follow-up-to-baseline BL ratio in DST and ST cohorts, respectively. In partially adjusted models, a doubling of the BL ratio was associated with a 0.66% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.03-1.30; P=0.040] increase in latency time (DST) and a 0.35% (95% CI ­1.63-1.63; P=0.59) decrease in the inference effect (ST). In fully adjusted models, none of the associations of the changes in the DST and ST test results with the blood lead changes reached statistical significance (P≥0.12). Conclusions An over 3-fold increase in blood lead over two years of occupational exposure was not associated with a relevant decline in cognitive performance.

20.
Front Genet ; 11: 600787, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281884

RESUMO

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common congenital cardiovascular malformation with both inherited and acquired causes. Several genes have been reported to be related to PDA, but the molecular pathogenesis is still unclear. Here, we screened a population matched cohort of 39 patients with PDA and 100 healthy children using whole exome sequencing (WES). And identified 10 copy number variants (CNVs) and 20 candidate genes using Gene ontology (GO) functional enrichment analysis. In gene network analysis, we screened 7 pathogenic CNVs of 10 candidate genes (MAP3K1, MYC, VAV2, WDR5, RXRA, APLNR, TJP1, ERCC2, FOSB, CHRNA4). Further analysis of transcriptome array showed that 7 candidate genes (MAP3K1, MYC, VAV2, APLNR, TJP1, FOSB, CHRNA4) were indeed significantly expressed in human embryonic heart. Moreover, CHRNA4 was observed the most important genes. Our data provided rare CNVs as potential genetic cause of PDA in humans and also advance understanding of the genetic components of PDA.

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