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1.
BMJ Open ; 12(5): e058093, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534082

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tranexamic acid (TXA) has become a widely used antifibrinolytic drug for reducing bleeding in surgery. However, adverse events, such as seizures, pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, limit its application. To date, insufficient attention has been devoted to determining the optimal dosage and administration route of TXA in the field of surgery. Thus, this study uses the network meta-analysis method, relying on its characteristics of combining direct comparison and indirect comparison, to analyse the safety and efficacy of different doses (high, medium, low) of intravenous injection or of topical application of TXA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search the PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, Web of Science and China National Knowledge Internet databases using a strategy that combines the terms TXA, randomised controlled trials and embolism (or haemorrhage, blood transfusion, seizure, mortality). Two reviewers will independently screen all identified abstracts for eligibility and evaluate the risk-of-bias of the included studies using the Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomised controlled studies. We will conduct a systematic review and network meta-analysis. We plan to investigate heterogeneity by performing subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis, and we will also consider the dose-response relationship between the optimal dose and a better routine. We will assess the overall certainty of the evidence for each outcome using the Grading Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethics approval will be sought, as no original data will be collected for this review. Findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021281206.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos , Ácido Tranexâmico , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Tópica , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Metanálise em Rede , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Ácido Tranexâmico/efeitos adversos
2.
Ther Adv Drug Saf ; 13: 20420986221091001, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509350

RESUMO

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate trends in the prevalence of potentially inappropriate opioid prescribing (PIOP) and identify potential risk factors among Korean noncancer patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of annual national patient sample data from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA-NPS) for the period 2012-2018. Noncancer patients who were prescribed non-injectable opioid analgesics (NIOAs) at least once were included. The proportion of patients with at least one PIOP in terms of concurrent use of benzodiazepines or gabapentinoids, substance use disorder, treatment duration, and dosage was evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify the risk factors associated with PIOP. Results: Of the 9,772,503 noncancer patients, 1,583,444 (16.2%) were prescribed NIOAs at least once. Among them, 15.7% were exposed to PIOP, and the prevalence was much higher (31.6%) in the elderly group (age: ⩾65 years). The prevalence of PIOP increased 1.1-fold over 7 years (14.8-16.8%) among the total NIOA users and was more pronounced in non-tramadol NIOA users (a 1.5-fold increase, from 13.2% to 19.4%). Multivariable logistic regression indicated that older age, beneficiaries of medical aid or national meritorious service, exposure to polypharmacy, psychological disorder, chronic pain indication, and concomitant sedative use were independently associated with higher odds of PIOP. Discussion and Conclusion: We found that the prevalence of PIOP was 15.7% among Korean noncancer patients, and it increased over the 7-year study period. This increasing trend is alarming because it was more drastic with non-tramadol NIOAs compared with that with tramadol. Several patient-level risk factors associated with PIOP would be useful in targeted management strategies for the safe use of opioids. Plain Language Summary: Potentially inappropriate opioid prescribing and related risk factors among noncancer patients prescribed non-injectable opioids in Korea In Korea, the prevalence of non-injectable opioid analgesic (NIOA) use in noncancer patients steadily increased from 15.3% in 2012 to 17.1% in 2018.Also, the prevalence of potentially inappropriate opioid prescribing (PIOP) increased from 14.8% in 2012 to 16.8% in 2018.The following factors were associated with a markedly increased risk of PIOP: age, beneficiaries of medical aid or national meritorious service, polypharmacy, psychological disorder, chronic pain, and concomitant medications.

3.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 9(2): 243-251, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509697

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to translate the revised 17-item Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS17, 2017) into mandarin (simplified) Chinese and validate the Chinese version of DDS17 (C-DDS17, 2021) among adult patients with type 2 diabetes in China. Methods: A scale translation and cross-sectional validation study was conducted. The DDS17 was translated into mandarin (simplified) Chinese through a five-step process: authorization, forward translation, synthesis, back translation, and amendment. During this session, 59 patients assessed the understandability and readability of the translated scale. From June 7 to September 4, 2021, a cross-sectional study that adhered to the COSMIN checklist was conducted with 400 individuals with type 2 diabetes from three Class A tertiary comprehensive hospitals in Beijing, China. The content, construct, convergent, discriminant validity, and reliability (Cronbach's α coefficient and item-total correlation coefficients) of the C-DDS17 were evaluated. This study was a part of a project registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (no. ChiCTR2100047071). Results: Among the participants, 33.3% (133/400) of them experienced moderate to high diabetes distress. The content validity indices of the C-DDS17 equaled 1.00. The scale yielded a four-factor structure. The average variances extracted were 0.42-0.57, which was lower than squared correlations. Cronbach's α coefficient was 0.88 for the overall scale and ranged from 0.76 to 0.81 for sub-scales. Corrected item-total correlation coefficients ranged from 0.42 to 0.61. The eighth item ("Feeling that I am often failing with my diabetes routine") was better fit to physician distress than regimen distress but had little influence on the validation results. Conclusions: The C-DDS17 is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is a promising instrument for early identification and management of diabetes distress in clinical practice and trials.

7.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 788677, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546939

RESUMO

Preclinical and clinical studies have suggested that fibroblast growth factor (FGF) system contributed to the onset and development of schizophrenia (SCZ). However, there was no strong clinical evidence to link an individual FGF with SCZ. In this study, we aim to measure blood FGF9 levels in the patients with SCZ with and/or without medication, and test whether FGF9 has a potential to be a biomarker for SCZ. We recruited 130 patients with SCZ and 111 healthy individuals, and the ELISA and qRT-PCR assays were used to measure serum FGF9 levels in the participants. ELISA assay demonstrated that serum FGF9 protein levels were dramatically reduced in first-episode, drug-free patients, but not in chronically medicated patients when compared to healthy control subjects. Further analysis showed that treatment of the first-episode, drug-free SCZ patients with antipsychotics for 8 weeks significantly increased the serum FGF9 levels. In addition, we found that blood FGF9 mRNA levels were significantly lower in first-onset SCZ patients than controls. Under the receiver operating characteristic curve, the optimal cutoff values for FGF9 protein level as an indicator for diagnosis of drug-free SCZ patients was projected to be 166.4 pg/ml, which yielded a sensitivity of 0.955 and specificity of 0.86, and the area under the curve was 0.973 (95% CI, 0.954-0.993). Furthermore, FGF9 had good performance to discriminate between drug-free SCZ patients and chronically medicated patients, the optimal cutoff value for FGF9 concentration was projected to be 165.035 pg/ml with a sensitivity of 0.86 and specificity of 0.919, and the AUC was 0.968 (95% CI, 0.944, 0.991). Taken together, our results for the first time demonstrated the dysregulation of FGF9 in SCZ, and FGF9 has the potential to be served as a biomarker for SCZ.

8.
Front Physiol ; 13: 857787, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547579

RESUMO

Objective: This prospective study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality in Chinese adults without morbid obesity. Methods: We prospectively examined the relationship between BMI and all-cause mortality in 12,608 Southern Chinese adults with age ≥35 years who participated in the National Key R&D Program from 2013-2014 to 2019-2020. Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the association between BMI and all-cause mortality. Results: The prevalence of being underweight, normal weight, overweight and having moderate obesity was 7.36%, 55.83%, 28.51% and 8.31%, respectively. A total of 683 (5.65%) deaths occurred during a median follow-up period of 5.61 years. The Cox proportional hazards models indicated that a continuous BMI level was negatively associated with all-cause mortality [adjusted-hazard ratio (HR) per 1 kg/m2 increase: 0.96, 95% CI 0.93 to 0.98, p < 0.001]. Furthermore, the HRs of all-cause mortality in the underweight, overweight and moderate obesity groups were 1.31 (1.05, 1.64), 0.89 (0.73, 1.08) and 0.64 (0.44, 0.92), respectively in the confounder model relative to the normal weight group. Survival analysis further confirmed this inverse association of the four BMI categories with mortality. Conclusion: BMI was negatively associated with all-cause mortality in southern Chinese adults without morbid obesity. Compared to the normal weight category, adults in the moderate obesity category had lower all-cause mortality, whereas being underweight was associated with increased all-cause mortality.

9.
Children (Basel) ; 9(4)2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35455574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the survival rate of hydrops fetalis after fetal interventions and neonatal intensive care. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients diagnosed with hydrops fetalis from January 2009 to December 2019 at Changhua Christian Children's Hospital. All cases had abnormal fluid accumulation in at least two body compartments during pre- and postnatal examination. The primary outcome measure was the mortality rate. We also collected information regarding disease etiology, duration of hospital stay, Apgar score, gestational age at birth, initial hydrops fetalis diagnosis, fetal intervention, first albumin and pH levels, and maternal history. RESULTS: Of the 42 cases enrolled, 30 survived and 12 died; the mortality rate was 28.6%. Furthermore, 22 cases received fetal intervention, while 20 cases did not; there was no significant difference in their survival rates (75% and 68%, respectively). Survival rate was associated with gestational age at birth, initial diagnosis time, birthweight, Apgar score, initial albumin and pH levels, and gestational hypertension. Only one case was immune-mediated. Among the nonimmune-mediated cases, the three most common etiologies were lymphatic dysplasia (12/42), idiopathic disorders (10/42), and cardiovascular disorders (5/42). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, hydrops fetalis was diagnosed early, and fetal intervention was performed in a timely manner. Preterm births were more frequent, and birthweight was lower in the cases that underwent fetal intervention than in those that did not, but there was no significant between-group difference in mortality. The initial diagnosis time, gestational age at birth, birthweight, Apgar score, and first albumin and pH levels were independently associated with mortality.

11.
Environ Pollut ; 305: 119306, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430310

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that outdoor light at night (LAN) is associated with a higher prevalence of overweight or obesity in adults. However, the association of LAN levels with overweight or obesity in children is still unknown. This study utilized data from the Seven Northeastern Cities study, which included 47,990 school-aged children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years). Outdoor LAN levels were measured using satellite imaging data. Weight and height were used to calculate age-sex-specific body mass index (BMI) Z-scores based on the World Health Organization (WHO) growth standards. Overweight status and obesity were defined using the Chinese standard. Information regarding socioeconomic status, sleep-related characteristics, and obesogenic factors were obtained using a questionnaire. A generalized linear mixed model examined the associations of outdoor LAN levels (in quartiles) with the outcomes of interest. Compared to children in the lowest quartile of outdoor LAN levels, children exposed to higher outdoor LAN levels had larger BMI Z-scores and higher odds of being overweight (including obesity) or obese, with the largest estimates in the third quartile [BMI Z-score: ß = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.18-0.33; overweight (including obesity): OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.25-1.56; obesity: OR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.29-1.65]. There was a significant sex difference (Pinteraction<0.001) in the association of outdoor LAN levels with BMI Z-scores, and the association was stronger in males. Results remained robust following multiple sensitivity analyses and the adjustment of sleep-related characteristics, obesogenic factors, and environmental exposures. Our findings suggest that higher outdoor LAN levels are associated with larger BMI Z-scores and greater odds of overweight (including obesity) and obesity in school-aged children and adolescents. Further, the association between outdoor LAN levels and BMI Z-scores is stronger in males. Future studies with exposure assessments that consider both outdoor and indoor LAN exposures are needed.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Sono
12.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2022: 5142473, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419053

RESUMO

Background: It is critical to accurately identify patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and moderately SAP (MSAP) in a timely manner. The study was done to establish two early multi-indicator prediction models of MSAP and SAP. Methods: Clinical data of 469 patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) between 2015 and 2020, at the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, and between 2012 and 2020, at the Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University, were retrospectively analyzed. The unweighted predictive score (unwScore) and weighted predictive score (wScore) for MSAP and SAP were derived using logistic regression analysis and were compared with four existing systems using receiver operating characteristic curves. Results: Seven prognostic indicators were selected for incorporation into models, including white blood cell count, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, triglyceride, D-dimer, serum potassium, and serum calcium. The cut-offs of the unwScore and wScore for predicting severity were set as 3 points and 0.513 points, respectively. The unwScore (AUC = 0.854) and wScore (AUC = 0.837) were superior to the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score (AUC = 0.526), the bedside index for severity in AP score (AUC = 0.766), and the Ranson score (AUC = 0.693) in predicting MSAP and SAP, which were equivalent to the modified computed tomography severity index score (AUC = 0.823). Conclusions: The unwScore and wScore have good predictive value for MSAP and SAP, which could provide a valuable clinical reference for management and treatment.

14.
Nat Plants ; 8(4): 373-388, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449401

RESUMO

To improve our understanding of the origin and evolution of mycoheterotrophic plants, we here present the chromosome-scale genome assemblies of two sibling orchid species: partially mycoheterotrophic Platanthera zijinensis and holomycoheterotrophic Platanthera guangdongensis. Comparative analysis shows that mycoheterotrophy is associated with increased substitution rates and gene loss, and the deletion of most photoreceptor genes and auxin transporter genes might be linked to the unique phenotypes of fully mycoheterotrophic orchids. Conversely, trehalase genes that catalyse the conversion of trehalose into glucose have expanded in most sequenced orchids, in line with the fact that the germination of orchid non-endosperm seeds needs carbohydrates from fungi during the protocorm stage. We further show that the mature plant of P. guangdongensis, different from photosynthetic orchids, keeps expressing trehalase genes to hijack trehalose from fungi. Therefore, we propose that mycoheterotrophy in mature orchids is a continuation of the protocorm stage by sustaining the expression of trehalase genes. Our results shed light on the molecular mechanism underlying initial, partial and full mycoheterotrophy.


Assuntos
Micorrizas , Orchidaceae , Micorrizas/genética , Orchidaceae/genética , Orchidaceae/metabolismo , Orchidaceae/microbiologia , Simbiose , Trealase/metabolismo , Trealose/metabolismo
15.
J Environ Manage ; 313: 114930, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367671

RESUMO

The recycling of lithium batteries should be prioritized, and the use of discarded alkali metal battery electrode materials as photocatalysts merits research attention. This study synthesized alkali metal cobalt oxide (MCoO2, M = Li or Na) as a photocatalyst for the photoreduction of CO2 and degradation of toxic organic substances. The optimized NaCoO2 and LiCoO2 photocatalysts increased the photocatalytic CO2-CH4 conversion rate to 21.0 and 13.4 µmol g-1 h-1 under ultraviolet light irradiation and to 16.2 and 5.3 µmol g-1 h-1 under visible light irradiation, which is 17 times higher than that achieved by TiO2 P25. The rate constants of the optimized reactions of crystal violet (CV) with LiCoO2 and NaCoO2 were 2.29 × 10-2 and 4.35 × 10-2 h-1, respectively. The quenching effect of the scavengers and electron paramagnetic resonance in CV degradation indicated that active O2•-, 1O2, and h+ play the main role, whereas •OH plays a minor role for LiCoO2. The hyperfine splitting of the DMPO-•OH and DMPO-•CH3 adducts was aN = 1.508 mT, aHß = 1.478 mT and aN = 1.558 mT, aHß = 2.267 mT, respectively, whereas the hyperfine splitting of DMPO+• was aN = 1.475 mT. The quenching effect also indicated that active O2•- and h+ play the main role and that •OH and 1O2 play a minor role for NaCoO2. The hyperfine splitting of the DMPO-•OH and DMPO+• adducts was aN = 1.517 mT, aHß = 1.489 mT and aN = 1.496 mT, respectively. Discarded alkali metal battery electrode materials can be reused as photocatalysts to address environmental pollution.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Poluentes Ambientais , Álcalis , Cobalto , Lítio , Óxidos/química , Fotólise
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435814

RESUMO

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are the most toxic known proteins. Naturally occurring botulism in humans is caused by botulinum serotypes A, B, E, and F. Vaccination is an effective strategy to prevent botulism. In this study, a tetravalent botulinum vaccine (TBV) that can prevent serotypes A, B, E, and F was developed using the C-terminal receptor-binding domain of BoNT (Hc) as an antigen. To develop a suitable vaccine formulation, in vitro binding experiments of antigens and aluminum adjuvant in different buffers, and in vivo experiments of TBV at different antigen concentrations, were conducted. Our results showed that the optimal vaccine formulation buffer was a pH 6.0 phosphate buffer, and the suitable antigen concentration was 40 or 80 µg/ml of each antigen. A pilot-scale TBV was then prepared and evaluated for immunogenicity and stability. The results showed that TBV could elicit strong protective efficacy against each BoNT in mice, and remain effective after two years of storage at 4ºC, indicating that the preparation was stable and highly effective. Adsorption experiments also showed that the antigens could be well adsorbed by the aluminum adjuvant after 2 years of storage. Our results provide valuable experimental data supporting the development of a tetravalent botulinum vaccine, which is a promising candidate for the prevention of botulinum serotypes A, B, E, and F.

17.
Poult Sci ; 101(6): 101826, 2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385822

RESUMO

The activation of human telomerase reverse transcriptase is regulated by the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway to various degrees to promote the occurrence and development of tumors. However, the regulatory roles of chicken telomerase reverse transcriptase (chTERT) and the NF-κB signaling pathway in chickens are still elusive, particularly in respect to the regulation of cell pyroptosis. In this study, we found that chTERT upregulated the expression of p65 and p50, downregulated the expression of IκBα, promoted the phosphorylation of p65, p50, and IκBα, and significantly increased the transcript levels of the inflammatory cytokines IFNγ, TNFα, and IL-6 in LMH cells. The activity of NF-κB was significantly decreased after siRNA-mediated chTERT silencing. The expression of chTERT and telomerase activity were also significantly decreased when the NF-κB signaling pathway was blocked by p65 siRNA, MG132 or BAY 11-7082. In cells treated with LPS, the activity of NF-κB signaling pathway and the expression of chTERT were significantly upregulated. All of the results suggested that chTERT and the NF-κB pathway could regulate each other, reciprocally. Moreover, the expression of Caspase-1, NLRP3, GSDMA, IL-18, and IL-1ß and caused membrane perforation, suggesting the development of pyroptosis by chTERT in LMH cells. And the expression of caspase-11 did not significantly increased in chTERT overexpression group. Genetic silence of NF-κB p65 or chTERT gene by siRNA suppressed the expression of these proinflammatory cytokines, indicating that chTERT mediates pyroptosis by regulating the NF-κB signaling pathway in LMH cells.

18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(22): e202201590, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35289052

RESUMO

Achieving white-light emission, especially white circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) from a single-phase material is challenging. Herein, a pair of chiral CuI coordination polymers (1-M and 1-P) have been prepared by the asymmetrical assembly of achiral ligands and Cu2 I2 clusters. The compounds display dual emission bands and can be used as single-phase white-light phosphors, achieving a "warm"-white-light-emitting diode with an ultra-high color rendering index (CRI) of 93.4 and an appropriate correlated color temperature (CCT) of 3632 K. Meanwhile, corresponding CPL signals with maximum dissymmetry factor |glum |=8×10-3 have been observed. Hence, intrinsic white-light emission and CPL have been realized simultaneously in coordination polymers for the first time. This work gains insight into the nature of chiral assembly from achiral units and offers a prospect for the development of single-phase white-CPL materials.

19.
J Pers Med ; 12(3)2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35330480

RESUMO

Various forms of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) have been developed to improve its scalability and accessibility for insomnia management in young people, but the efficacy of digitally-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (dCBT-i) remains uncertain. This study systematically reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness of dCBT-i among young individuals with insomnia. We conducted comprehensive searches using four electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and Embase; until October 2021) and examined eligible records. The search strategy comprised the following three main concepts: (1) participants were adolescents or active college students; (2) dCBT-I was employed; (3) standardized tools were used for outcome measurement. Four randomized controlled trials qualified for meta-analysis. A significant improvement in self-reported sleep quality with a medium-to-large effect size after treatment (Hedges's g = -0.58~-0.80) was noted. However, a limited effect was detected regarding objective sleep quality improvement (total sleep time and sleep efficiency measured using actigraphy). These preliminary findings from the meta-analysis suggest that dCBT-i is a moderately effective treatment in managing insomnia in younger age groups, and CBT-i delivered through the web or a mobile application is an acceptable approach for promoting sleep health in young people.

20.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264696, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35239728

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to provide a sensitive model animal for studying hyperuricemia. Male uricase-deficient rats, named Kunming-DY rats, were raised for 130 days, or orally administered with purines and other chemicals. Serum uric acid (SUA) in the animals was assayed, and the UA level in their organs and their 24-h excretion was determined. Genes in the jejunum, ileum, kidney and liver related to UA synthesis and transportation were detected by quantitative RNA sequencing. Uricase-deficient rats have a high level of SUA and are sensitive to xanthine, adenosine, inosine, allopurinol, and alcohol. Besides, the high level of SUA in male uricase-deficient rats was stable, much higher than that in wild-type rats but similar to that in men. The distribution pattern of UA in uricase-deficient rats' organs was different from that in wild-type rats. The kidney, liver, and small intestine were the top three organs where UA distributed, but the UA in the small intestine, colon, lung, thymus, and brain was less affected by uricase deficiency, indicating that these organs are constitutive distribution organs in UA. The 24-h UA excreted by a uricase-deficient rat was about five times higher than that excreted by a wild-type rat. However, the 24-h UA excreted through feces was not significantly changed. Both the urine volume and UA in uricase-deficient rats significantly increased, and more than 90% of UA was excreted via urine. The expression of xanthine dehydrogenase was not upregulated. Some genes of transporter associated with uric acid excretion in the kidney were significantly regulated, though not sufficient to explain the increase in SUA. In conclusion, male uricase-deficient rats' UA metabolism is similar to that of men. The elevation of SUA in uricase-deficient rats is caused by uricase deficiency, and uricase-deficient rats are a sensitive model for studying hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Alopurinol , Animais , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Urato Oxidase/genética , Urato Oxidase/metabolismo , Ácido Úrico
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