Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 132
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 754: 142137, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916495

RESUMO

The persistence and ecotoxicity of carbendazim residues pose a potential risk to environmental ecology and human health. Here, a novel and highly efficient carbendazim-degrading bacterium Rhodococcus sp. CX-1, capable of utilizing carbendazim as its sole source of carbon and energy, was isolated from contaminated soil. The biodegradation characteristics and metabolic pathways were studied by mass spectrometry, genomic annotation, and transcriptome analysis. The degradation rate of carbendazim by strain CX-1 was 3.98-9.90 mg/L/h under different conditions, and the optimum degradation conditions were 40 °C and pH 7.0. The addition of carbon sources (glucose, fructose, and sucrose, 100 mg/L) could accelerate carbendazim degradation. HPLC-MS/MS identification suggested that carbendazim is first hydrolyzed into 2-aminobenzimidazole and then to 2-hydroxybenzimidazole, and is ultimately mineralized to carbon dioxide. The genome of strain CX-1 contained 6,511,628 bp nucleotides, 2 linear plasmids, 2 circular plasmids, and 6437 protein coding genes. Genome annotation and transcriptome analysis indicated that carbendazim degradation may be regulated by the degradation genes harbored in the chromosome and in plasmid 2, and two different degradation pathways of carbendazim by imidazole ring cleavage or benzene ring cleavage were predicted. This study provided new insight to reveal the biodegradation mechanism of carbendazim; furthermore, strain CX-1 is a promising bioresource for carbendazim bioremediation.


Assuntos
Rhodococcus , Benzimidazóis , Biodegradação Ambiental , Carbamatos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Rhodococcus/genética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2001430, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33274859

RESUMO

Herein, a new nanodrug of azobenzene-functionalized interfacial cross-linked reverse micelles (AICRM) with 5-fluorouracil loading (5-FU@AICRM) is reported. Upon irradiation with 530 nm light in water, the surface azobenzenes of the nanoparticles change from polar cis-conformation to nonpolar trans-conformation, resulting in the aggregation of 5-FU@AICRM within minutes. Simultaneously, the conformation change unlocks hydrophilic 5-FU with a strong water immigration propensity, allowing them to spray out from the AICRM quickly. This fast release ensures a thorough release of the drug, before the aggregates are internalized by adjacent cells, making it possible to achieve deep tissue penetration. A study of in vivo anticancer activity in A549 tumor-bearing nude mice shows that the tumor inhibition rate (TIR) of 5-FU@AICRM is up to ≈86.2%, 31.6% higher than that of group without green light irradiation and 20.7% higher than that of carmofur (CF, a hydrophobic analog of 5-FU)-loaded AICRM (CF@AICRM), in which CF is released slowly under light irradiation because of its hydrophobicity. Fast drug release upon nanodrug aggregation provides a good solution for balancing the contradiction of "aggregation and penetration" in tumor treatment with nanodrugs.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(52): 15381-15389, 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320669

RESUMO

Residual pesticides in soil may be taken up by crops and negatively affect food safety. The uptake mechanism of imidacloprid and propiconazole was studied using wheat roots. The factors affecting root uptake were also studied with different crops and in different soils. Imidacloprid and propiconazole were taken up by wheat roots mainly through the symplastic and apoplastic pathways, respectively. Root protein and lipid contents were the main factors affecting the uptake and accumulation of imidacloprid and propiconazole by different crop roots, respectively. The uptake of imidacloprid and propiconazole in soil by wheat plants was linearly correlated with their concentrations in soil pore water, which were governed by soil characteristics. These results are helpful for understanding and estimating crop uptake of residual pesticides in soils.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226389

RESUMO

Self-adhering hydrogels are promising materials to be employed as wound dressings, because they can be used for wound healing without the necessity of additional stitching. However, micro-organisms can easily adhere to these hydrogels as well, which usually causes wound infections. Therefore, adhesive hydrogels are often combined with antibiotics. However, this introduces a risk of drug resistance, cytotoxicity and poor cell affinity. Consequently, recently, there has been great interest in developing non-antibiotic, antibacterial adhesive hydrogels. In this article, we present a simple one-pot synthesis procedure to prepare self-adhesive hydrogels composed of poly(acrylamide) (PAM), naturally derived chitosan (CS) and tannic acid/ferric ion chelates (TA@Fe3+). TA@Fe3+ enables self-catalysis of the polymerization reaction. In addition, due to its near infrared (NIR) photothermal responsiveness, TA@Fe3+ allows for eliminating the bacterial activity with up to 91.6% and 94.7% effectivity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, respectively. Mechanical and adhesion testing shows that the hydrogels are tough as well as flexible and will adhere repeatedly to many types of biological tissues, which can be attributed to the combination of physical and chemical bonding between TA@Fe3+ and PAM and CS, respectively. Moreover, in vitro and in vivo tests indicate that the NIR photothermally active hydrogel can effectively prevent bacterial infection and accelerate tissue regeneration, which demonstrates that these hydrogels are promising functional materials for wound healing applications.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124208, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158656

RESUMO

Difenoconazole is a triazole fungicide that is widely used worldwide and has been frequently detected in agricultural soils, but its ecotoxicological effect on soil bacterial community remains unknown. Here, the degradation of difenoconazole and its effect on soil bacterial communities were investigated at three concentrations in five different agricultural soils. Difenoconazole degraded faster in non-sterilized soils than in sterilized soils, suggesting that biodegradation is a major contributor to the dissipation of difenoconazole in soils. Exposure to high concentrations of difenoconazole decreased the soil bacterial community diversity in most soils, and this influence was aggravated with the increasing concentration. The effect of difenoconazole on soil bacterial community diversity was also enhanced with the increasing content of organic matter and total nitrogen in soils. Moreover, difenoconazole exposure also reduced the soil bacterial community network complexity and exhibited a concentration-dependent characteristic. In addition, a core bacterial community (57 operational taxonomic units, OTUs) was identified, and some core OTUs were strongly linked to the degradation of difenoconazole in soils. It is concluded that high concentrations of difenoconazole may have a significant effect on the soil bacterial communities, and co-occurrence networks may improve the ecotoxicological risk assessment of fungicides on soil microbiome.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124269, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144009

RESUMO

Uptake of residual pesticides in a soil by a certain crop plant may be governed by their physicochemical properties. Uptake and translocation of pesticides (imidacloprid, acetamiprid, tricyclazole, azoxystrobin, tebuconazole and difenoconazole) with the octanol/water partition coefficient (log Kow) ranging from 0.57 to 4.36 were investigated in soil with maize as a model plant. The results show that all tested pesticides in soil were uptaken by maize with accumulation amount of 27.73, 17.75, 18.96, 12.56, 10.66 and 2.13 µg for imidacloprid, acetamiprid, tricyclazole, azoxystrobin, tebuconazole and difenoconazole at 14 d, respectively. The accumulation amount was negatively correlated with adsorption coefficients and positively correlated with pesticide concentration in in situ pore water (CIPW). Root bioconcentration factor varied widely from 0.61 for imidacloprid to 974.64 for difenoconazole was positively correlated with log Kow and molecular weight but negatively with water solubility. Conversely, translocation factor varied from 0 for difenoconazole to 1.64 for imidacloprid was negatively correlated with log Kow but positively with water solubility. It determined that uptake, accumulation and translocation of the pesticides in soil by maize are governed by their physicochemical properties, especially log Kow. CIPW is an appropriate candidate to evaluate the accumulation of pesticides in maize from soil.

7.
J AOAC Int ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pesticide residues in traditional Chinese medicines pose a potential risk to human health. However, little is known about the characteristics of pesticide residues in the fritillariae thunbergii bulbs (FTB). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to establish a method for the determination of pesticide multi-residues in FTB and then measured their residual levels in the FTB collected from nine cultivation regions. METHODS: A modified QuEChERS method coupled with GC/UPLC was used to determine the residues of 24 pesticides in the FTB and soil samples. RESULTS: The recoveries of these pesticides at three concentrations were 72.17-112.48% in the FTB and 70.92-113.74% in the soil with RSD < 11.83%, and the LOD and LOQ ranged from 0.005-10 µg/kg and 0.011-22 µg/kg, respectively. A total of 13 pesticide residues were detected in the FTB samples with the residual levels of 0.0011-509.63 µg/kg, which were all below the referred MRLs in other Chinese herbs or food. Meanwhile, dietary intake risk assessment showed that the risk of pesticide residues in the FTB was acceptable to consumers. CONCLUSIONS: This study developed a method for the determination of pesticide multi-residues in the FTB and cultivated soil samples, and furthermore the dietary intake risk of pesticide residues in the FTB is safe. HIGHLIGHTS: A modified QuEChERS method was established for the determination of 24 pesticides in the FTB with high sensitivity, accuracy, and precision.

8.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 105(6): 927-933, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112962

RESUMO

Propiconazole (PPC) and difenoconazole (DFC) are often combined for field applications. The resulted co-exsistence of PPC and DFC may have an effect on the fate of their individuals in soil. In this study, adsorption, desorption and leaching of PPC and DFC alone and their combinations were investigated in five different soils. Adsorption of PPC and DFC was significantly different on each soil with the Freundlich adsorption coefficients of 2.86-28.69 and 14.86-98.93 negatively correlated with soil pH, respectively. In addition, adsorption of PPC and DFC was declined by 27.12-37.59% and 17.28-25.35% with the presence of coexisting DFC and PPC, respectively. Mobility of PPC and DFC in tested soils was enlarged in coexisting system. The results indicate that adsorption, desorption and mobility of PPC and DFC were mainly affected by soil pH, and these behaviors of individual PPC and DFC were obviously altered by their co-existence.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 748: 141375, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113681

RESUMO

Storm runoff is important for maintaining surface water resources, while this function is significantly affected by land use and land cover changes, e.g., afforestation and reforestation. The Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) has undergone large-scale vegetation rehabilitation, especially afforestation over the past 20 years. We hypothesize that afforestation has profoundly changed the amounts and mechanisms of storm runoff generation in headwater catchments on the CLP. To test this hypothesis, rainfall, soil moisture, and streamflow were monitored in a grass catchment and an adjacent forest catchment for two consecutive years. The objective of this study was to elucidate the varied mechanisms of storm runoff generation in these two contrasting revegetated catchments. Results showed that (1) average runoff coefficient in the grassland catchment (0.042) was approximately ten times higher than that in the forestland catchment (0.004), confirming the impact of catchment afforestation on the suppression of storm runoff generation. (2) Peak rainfall intensity was the first-order control of the runoff coefficient in the grassland catchment, but not in the forestland catchment. (3) Threshold values for antecedent soil moisture (~18%) and the sum of antecedent soil moisture index and event precipitation (~210 mm) were identified in the grassland catchment, above which storm runoff significantly increased. (4) Two extraordinary high runoff coefficient events were observed in the grassland catchment, one due to high peak rainfall intensity and strong surface runoff and the other due to high rainfall amount and high antecedent soil moisture. We conclude that long-term afforestation has changed the mechanisms and patterns of storm runoff generation, and different conditions of rainfall intensity, rainfall amount and antecedent soil moisture determined the hydrological connectivity between the upper hillslope and downhill gully in the catchment. This study deepens our understanding of the mechanisms and thresholds of storm runoff generation in headwater catchments on the CLP.


Assuntos
Chuva , Movimentos da Água , Hidrologia , Poaceae , Solo
10.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 2): 128514, 2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045503

RESUMO

Residual injury of atrazine to the succeeding crops has been frequently reported. It is necessary to find a solution for the detoxification of atrazine contaminated soil. A high-efficient bacterial strain Arthrobacter sp. C2 for atrazine degradation was isolated in this study. The genomic information of the isolate C2, and its degradation characteristics and potential application in detoxification of atrazine contaminated soil were investigated. The results indicated that the isolate C2 genome contained 4,305,216 bp nucleotides, three plasmids, and 4705 coding genes. The degradation rates of atrazine at levels of 1, 10, 100 mg/L by the isolate C2 were 0.34, 1.94, 18.64 mg/L/d, respectively. The optimum temperature and pH for the isolate C2 to degrade atrazine were 30 °C and 7.0-9.0. Based on the metabolites detected by UPLC-TOF-MS/MS and genome annotation of the isolate C2, a common metabolic pathway of atrazine was proposed as that atrazine is firstly dechlorinated into hydroxyatrazine, and subsequently to N-isopropylammelide via dealkylation, and ultimately deaminated to cyanuric acid. Introduction of the isolate C2 into soil can enhance degradation of atrazine and thus eliminate the toxic effect of this herbicide on wheat growth. Our results indicate that the strain C2 could be a potential bioresource for bioremediation of atrazine contaminated soil.

11.
Nano Lett ; 20(9): 6548-6555, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787159

RESUMO

Artificial organelles (AOs) are typical microcompartments with intracellular biocatalytic activity aimed to replace missing or lost cellular functions. Currently, liposomes or polymersomes are popular microcompartments to build AOs by embedding channel proteins in their hydrophobic domain and entrapping natural enzymes in their cavity. Herein, a new microcompartment is established by using monolayer cross-linked zwitterionic vesicles (cZVs) with a carboxylic acid saturated cavity. The monolayer structure endows the cZVs with intrinsic permeability; the cavity supplies the cZVs ability of in situ synthesis of artificial enzymes, and the pH-dependent charge-change property makes it possible to overcome the biological barriers. Typically, nanozymes of CeO2 and Pt NPs were synthesized in the cZVs to mimic peroxisome. In vitro experiments confirmed that the resulting artificial peroxisome (AP) could resist protein adsorption, endocytose efficiently, and escape from the lysosome. In vivo experiments demonstrated that the APs held a good therapeutic effect in ROS-induced ear-inflammation.

12.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 64(10)2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718960

RESUMO

A total of 191 soil samples from Hangzhou, China, were submitted to detect non-wild-type (non-WT) Aspergillus fumigatus and its associated mechanisms. There were 2 (4.7%), 13 (12.4%), and 31 (23.1%) isolates identified as non-WT in 2014, 2016, and 2018, respectively. The resistant mutations of TR34/L98H, TR46/Y121F/T289A, and TR34/L98H/S297T/F495I were found in 3, 5, and 5 non-WT isolates. The G448S mutation, previously only found in clinical settings, was detected in A. fumigatus from soil samples.

13.
Environ Pollut ; 266(Pt 1): 115124, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673931

RESUMO

Aspergillus fumigatus is the primary agent of invasive aspergillosis (IA) causing high morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Triazole resistance in A. fumigatus and its sources have gained wide attention. For several years, environmental fungicides use has been proposed as the major cause for triazole resistance in A. fumigatus. However, there are few studies on azole-resistant A. fumigatus (ARAF) selected by triazole fungicides in agricultural systems. We studied the possible emergence of ARAF in the field after exposure to triazole fungicide tebuconazole. Our results showed that exposure to tebuconazole in soil selects for resistance to triazoles in A. fumigatus. The probability of ARAF developing in soils depends upon the concentrations of tebuconazole after application. We suggest that tebuconazole applications should be minimized to reduce selective pressure for the generation of ARAFs.


Assuntos
Aspergillus fumigatus/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/efeitos dos fármacos , Antifúngicos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Solo , Triazóis/farmacologia
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(53): 7233-7236, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495758

RESUMO

Three unprecedented multi-cluster copper(i) halides (MCCHs) have been assembled using conformationally flexible ligands. Further explorations demonstrate that the conformational compliance of the ligands may be the key to trap and stabilize the various copper(i)-halide clusters in one system, which opens a new way for the construction of multi-Cu(i)-cluster complexes. Moreover, the MCCHs show distinctive temperature-dependent photoluminescence.

15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(25): 14255-14260, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555873

RESUMO

Water oxidation is a vital step in both natural and artificial photosynthetic processes. However, the effect of second coordination sphere for efficient oxygen evolution electrocatalysts has rarely been studied, becoming a bottleneck in many energy-related issues. In this article, the cobalt phosphonate (NH3C6H4NH3)Co2(hedpH)2·H2O (Co-PDA) displayed decent electrocatalytic water oxidation activity in 50 mM PBS solution (pH 7.0), comparable to the activity of state-of-the-art IrO2. Moreover, it exhibited a 160 mV lower onset potential and 6 times higher TOF than those of the counterpart, (NH4)2Co2(hedpH)2 (Co-NH4+), which existed with the same Co active center, while surrounded by different ligands. The related mechanistic studydemonstrates that the ligand in Co-PDA would benefit the proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) processes and the formation of high valence state Co(iv).

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 400: 123200, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593937

RESUMO

Triazole-resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus is widespread. We evaluated whether triazole-resistance in A. fumigatus and its related cyp51A mutations, induced by a combination of the triazole fungicides difenoconazole and propiconazole, differs from resistance induced by the individual fungicides. Both difenoconazole and propiconazole can induce triazole-resistance in A. fumigatus. Resistance is much easier induced by formulated fungicides or a combination of these two fungicides compared with standard fungicides or individual fungicides, respectively. Six different mutations (G138S, G138D, H147Y, I246M, M263I and D430N) were identified in the induced resistant strains. The H147Y, I246M and M263I mutations were associated with triazole-resistance. This implies that the application of a combination of difenoconazole and propiconazole may result in higher triazole-resistance in A. fumigatus and more mutations in the cyp51A gene.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 396: 122618, 2020 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32298867

RESUMO

Organic manure has been implicated as an important source of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in agricultural soils. However, the profiles of biocide resistance genes (BRGs), metal resistance genes (MRGs) and virulence genes (VGs) and their bacterial hosts in manure-amended soils remain largely unknown. Herein, a systematic metagenome-based survey was conducted to comprehensively explore the changes in resistomes, VGs and their bacterial hosts, mobile genetic elements (MGEs), and pathogenic bacteria in manure-amended greenhouse soils. Many manure-borne ARGs, BRGs, MRGs, VGs, and bacterial pathogens could be transferred into soils by applying manures, and their abundance and diversity were markedly positively correlated with greenhouse planting years (manure amendment years). The main ARGs transferred from manures to soils conferred resistance to tetracycline, aminoglycoside, and macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin. Both statistical analysis and gene arrangements showed a good positive co-occurrence pattern of ARGs/BRGs/MRGs/VGs and MGEs. Furthermore, bacterial hosts of resistomes and VGs were significantly changed in the greenhouse soils in comparison with the field soils. Our findings confirmed the migration and dissemination of resistomes, VGs, and bacterial pathogens, and their accumulation and persistence were correlated with the continuous application of manures.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 727: 138708, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334231

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) harbored by plant microbiomes have been implicated as a potential risk to public health via food chain, especially directly edible fruits and vegetables. Here, we investigated the microbiome and antibiotic resistome in soil-strawberry ecosystem using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. The results showed that the enterobacterial population dominated the endophytes of strawberry fruits. Moreover, 85 subtypes of ARGs, including several clinically important ARGs, were detected in the strawberry fruit metagenomes. Additionally, host tracking analysis in combination with antibiotic-resistant bacterial isolate screening suggested that fruit-borne ARGs were mainly carried by members of the Enterobacteriaceae family. Unexpectedly, most of fruit-borne isolates were found to be resistant to several clinically important antimicrobials, e.g., erythromycin and cephalexin. Our findings provide broad insights into endophytic antibiotic resistomes of direct edible strawberry fruits and their potential hosts, and highlight the potential exposure risks of plant microbiomes to the human food chain.


Assuntos
Fragaria , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Enterobacteriaceae , Genes Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Metagenoma/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(13): 2719-2725, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32149293

RESUMO

The cross-linked small-molecule micelles (cSMs) have found applications in many fields but their low loading capacity and non-fluorescence property hindered their further development. Herein, water-soluble organic nanoparticles were applied as templates to "stretch" the hydrophobic core of cSMs and photo-cross-linking was employed to supply photoluminescence. The resulting cross-linked small-molecule capsules (cSCs) not only reserve the superior properties of cSMs of accurate monomer, easy functionalization and robust stability, but also achieve high drug loading capacity and excitation wavelength-dependent fluorescence, where the drug loading contents (DLCs) for various hydrophobic drugs were more than 30-fold higher than that of cSMs, and the maximum quantum yield could be as high as 12.0%. Featuring these superiorities, the cSCs hold promising potential in many fields and an example of doxorubicin-loaded cSCs (DOX@cSCs) for multichannel imaging-guided drug delivery is shown in this work.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(16): 18705-18714, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216263

RESUMO

This work reports a novel dual-phase glass containing Tm:NaYbF4 upconverting nanocrystals (UCNCs) and CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs). The advantages of this kind of nanocomposite are that it provides a solid inorganic glass host for the in situ co-growth of UCNCs and PNCs, and protects PNCs against decomposition affected by the external environment. Tm:NaYbF4 NC-sensitized stable CsPbBr3 PNCs photon UC emission in PNCs is achieved under the irradiation of a 980 nm near-infrared (NIR) laser, and the mechanism is evidenced to be radiative energy transfer (ET) from Tm3+: 1G4 state to PNCs rather than nonradiative Förster resonance ET. Consequently, the decay lifetime of exciton recombination is remarkably lengthened from intrinsic nanoseconds to milliseconds since carriers in PNCs are fed from the long-lifetime Tm3+ intermediate state. Under the simultaneous excitation of the ultraviolet (UV) light and NIR laser, dual-modal photon UC and downshifting (DS) emissions from ultra-stable CsPbBr3 PNCs in the glass are observed, and the combined UC/DS emitting color can be easily altered by modifying the pumping light power. In addition, UC exciton recombination and Tm3+ 4f-4f transitions are found to be highly temperature sensitive. All these unique emissive features enable the practical applications of the developed dual-phase glass in advanced anti-counterfeit and accurate temperature detection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA