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1.
BMC Med Genomics ; 14(1): 279, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by a variety of enterovirus serotypes and the etiological spectrum worldwide has changed since a large scale of outbreaks occurred in 1997. METHODS: A large number of clinical specimens of HFMD patients were collected in Xiangyang and genotyping was performed by qRT-PCR, conventional PCR amplification and sequencing. Among the 146 CV-A5 detected cases, the complete genome sequences of representative strains were determined for genotyping and for recombination analysis. RESULTS: It was found that CV-A5 was one of the six major serotypes that caused the epidemic from October 2016 to December 2017. Phylogenetic analyses based on the VP1 sequences showed that these CV-A5 belonged to the genotype D which dominantly circulated in China. Recombination occurred between the CV-A5 and CV-A2 strains with a breakpoint in the 2A region at the nucleotide 3791. CONCLUSIONS: The result may explain the emergence of CV-A5 as one of the major pathogens of HFMD. A multivalent vaccine against HFMD is urgently needed to control the disease and to prevent emerging and spreading of new recombinants.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639751

RESUMO

In previous studies, it has been documented that a short reproductive period is associated with a higher risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and chronic kidney disease. This study aims to investigate the association of the reproductive period length with decreased renal function. This study obtained data from "the Shanghai Suburban Adult Cohort and Biobank". An estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) below 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 indicated decreased renal function during follow-up. Participants were grouped into quintiles by reproductive period. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the association between the reproductive period and decreased renal function. A total of 5503 menopausal women with baseline eGFR > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were included. Age, eGFR, and metabolic equivalent of task (MET) at baseline were 61.0 (range, 36.0-74.0) years, 92.2 (range, 60.1-194.5) mL/min/1.73 m2, and 1386 (range, 160-6678), respectively. A reproductive period of 37-45 years was associated with a lower risk of decreased eGFR (OR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.35-1.00, p = 0.049) after adjusting for confounding variables. METs decreased the risk of decreased eGFR in women with a reproductive period of 37-45 years (OR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.23-0.81, p = 0.010). Women with a longer reproductive period have a lower risk of decreased renal function. METs had an opposite influence on renal function in women with longer (decreased risk) or shorter (increased risk) reproductive periods.


Assuntos
Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Menopausa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Reprodução , Fatores de Risco
3.
Nutrients ; 13(10)2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684648

RESUMO

A prospective community-based cohort study was conducted to investigate the effects of obesity on hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in community residents from Shanghai, China, with a median follow-up period of 2.98 years. The exposures were high body mass index (BMI) (BMI ≥ 28.0 kg/m2) and high waist circumference (WC) (WC ≥ 85.0 cm for female and WC ≥ 90.0 for male) at baseline investigation, and the outcome was the incident of HHcy after the follow-up. A restricted cubic spline (RCS) was performed to assess the possible nonlinear relationship of BMI and WC with HHcy. A Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to evaluate the association between BMI and WC measured obesity and the risk of HHcy (Hcy level > 15 µmol/L). No significant non-linearity was found between BMI and WC with HHcy. Cox regression model showed that underweight measured by BMI was negatively associated with the risk of HHcy after controlling for confounder variables (adjusted HR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.42 to 0.99). While abdominal obesity was positively associated with the risk of HHcy for those without CVD-related comorbidities (adjusted HR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.05 to 1.51). Our results suggested that individuals could maintain a relatively low BMI and normal WC to lower the risk of HHcy.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Características de Residência , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dinâmica não Linear , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto Jovem
5.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444874

RESUMO

This study was designed to examine the association of soy isoflavones (SI) intake with different body measurements indicative of obesity in Chinese adults of Shanghai, a population consuming foods rich in SI. This study used baseline data from the Shanghai Gaofeng cohort study. SI intake was measured by using a self-reported food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). A restricted cubic spline (RCS) was performed to examine the possible nonlinear relationship of SI intake with obesity. A logistic regression model was applied to estimate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Compared with the lowest tertile group of SI intake, the highest tertile group had a lower prevalence of obesity and central obesity. The OR for overall obesity was 0.91 (95% CI: 0.85, 0.98) in the highest versus the lowest SI tertile group; the associations differed by sex and menopausal status. A negative association was also observed between SI intake and central obesity, and a significant modifying effect of sex was found on the association. No significant interactions were observed between SI intake and physical activity (PA) levels. Our results suggest that Chinese adults with higher dietary intake of SI may be less likely to be obese, particularly for postmenopausal women.


Assuntos
Dieta , Isoflavonas/administração & dosagem , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Alimentos de Soja , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Pós-Menopausa , Fatores de Proteção , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
6.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070918

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a simple colorimetric method for the sensitive and selective detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity based on the turn off/turn on oxidase mimic activity of His@AuNCs. His@AuNCs/graphene oxide hybrids (His@AuNCs/GO) were easily obtained using the self-assembly method with poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA)-coated GO and showed high oxidase-like activity compared with His@AuNCs. We found that the pyrophosphate ion (P2O74-, PPi) could effectively inhibit the oxidase mimic activity of His@AuNCs/GO, and the hydrolysis of PPi by ALP restored the inhibited activity of His@AuNCs/GO, enabling them to efficiently catalyze the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to generate the blue oxidized product oxTMB. The intensity of the color showed a linear dependency with the ALP activity. ALP was detected in the linear range of 0-40 mU/mL with a low detection limit (LOD) of 0.26 mU/mL (S/N = 3). The proposed method is fast, easy, and can be applied to monitor the ALP activity in serum samples accurately and effectively, which suggests its practicability and reliability in the detection of ALP activity in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina/análise , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Benzidinas , Catálise , Colorimetria , Difosfatos , Ouro , Humanos , Hidrólise , Oxirredução , Oxirredutases , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(7): 2058-2067, 2021 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The accuracy of various 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk models has been debatable. We compared two risk algorithms and explored clustering patterns across different risk stratifications among community residents in Shanghai. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 28,201 residents (aged 40-74 years old) who were free of ASCVD were selected from the Shanghai Survey in China. The 10-year ASCVD risk was estimated by applying the 2013 Pooled Cohort Equations (PCEs) and Prediction for ASCVD Risk in China (China-PAR). The agreement was assessed between PCEs and China-PAR using Cohen's kappa statistics. The mean absolute 10-year ASCVD risk calculated by PCEs and China-PAR was about 10.0% and 6.0%, respectively. PCEs estimated that 44.9% of participants [with a 95% confidence interval (CI):44.0%-45.8%] were at high risk, while China-PAR estimated only 16.7% (95%CI:15.8%-18.0%) were at high risk. In both models, the percentage of high ASCVD risk was higher for participants who were older, men, less educated, current smokers, drinkers and manual workers. Among high-risk individuals, almost all participants (PCEs:90.5%; China-PAR:98.6%) had at least one risk factor; hypertension being the most prevalent. The concordance between PCEs and China-PAR was moderate (kappa:0.428, 95%CI: 0.420-0.434) with a better agreement for women (kappa:0.503,95%CI: 0.493-0.513) than for men (kappa:0.211,95%CI: 0.201-0.221). CONCLUSION: The proportion of participants with a 10-year ASCVD high risk predicted by China-PAR was lower than the results of the PCEs. The risk stratifications of the two algorithms were inconsistent in terms of demographic and life-behaviour characteristics.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Adulto , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Descrição de Cargo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 15(2-3): e2000022, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599092

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The changes of glycosylation of different IgG subclass in colorectal cancer (CRC) were rarely investigated. The authors aimed to use a simple and high-throughput analytical method to explore the changes of subclass-specific IgG glycosylation in CRC, and to find the specific glyco-biomarkers for early detection of this disease. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Serum samples from 71 cancer patients and 22 benign patients with 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were collected from two independent cohorts. Subclass-specific IgG glycosylation was profiled by MALDI-MS followed by the structural identification through MALDI-MS/MS. The exported MS data was automatically and rapidly processed by the self-developed MATLAB code. RESULTS: Statistical analysis suggested the significantly decreased galactosylation and remarkably increased agalactosylation of IgG1 or IgG2 in the malignant transformation of CRC, which enables the differentiation between cancer patients and healthy controls. The changes of glycan features were elucidated by the exploration of individual glycopeptides, showing the biantennary fucosylated glycan without galactose (H3N4F1) or with two galactose (H5N4F1) of IgG1 and IgG2 could distinguish cancer group from both benign and control groups. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Through the simple and high-throughput procedures, this study revealed the important role of IgG glycopeptides in the premature pathology of CRC.

9.
J Virol ; 95(6)2021 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408178

RESUMO

Coxsackievirus A5 (CV-A5) has recently emerged as a main hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) pathogen. Following a large-scale vaccination campaign against enterovirus 71 (EV-71) in China, the number of HFMD-associated cases with EV-71 was reduced, especially severe and fatal cases. However, the total number of HFMD cases remains high, as HFMD is also caused by other enterovirus serotypes. A multivalent HFMD vaccine containing 4 or 6 antigens of enterovirus serotypes is urgently needed. A formaldehyde-inactivated CV-A5 vaccine derived from Vero cells was used to inoculate newborn Kunming mice on days 3 and 10. The mice were challenged on day 14 with a mouse-adapted CV-A5 strain at a dose that was lethal for 14-day-old suckling mice. Within 14 days postchallenge, groups of mice immunized with three formulations, empty particles (EPs), full particles (FPs), and a mixture of the EP and FP vaccine candidates, all survived, while 100% of the mock-immunized mice died. Neutralizing antibodies (NtAbs) were detected in the sera of immunized mice, and the NtAb levels were correlated with the survival rate of the challenged mice. The virus loads in organs were reduced, and pathological changes and viral protein expression were weak or not observed in the immunized mice compared with those in alum-inoculated control mice. Another interesting finding was the identification of CV-A5 dense particles (DPs), facilitating morphogenesis study. These results demonstrated that the Vero cell-adapted CV-A5 strain is a promising vaccine candidate and could be used as a multivalent HFMD vaccine component in the future.IMPORTANCE The vaccine candidate strain CV-A5 was produced with a high infectivity titer and a high viral particle yield. Three particle forms, empty particles (EPs), full particles (FPs), and dense particles (DPs), were obtained and characterized after purification. The immunogenicities of EP, FP, and the EP and FP mixture were evaluated in mice. Mouse-adapted CV-A5 was generated as a challenge strain to infect 14-day-old mice. An active immunization challenge mouse model was established to evaluate the efficacy of the inactivated vaccine candidate. This animal model mimics vaccination, similar to immune responses of the vaccinated. The animal model also tests protective efficacy in response to the vaccine against the disease. This work is important for the preparation of multivalent vaccines against HFMD caused by different emerging strains.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A/imunologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Chlorocebus aethiops , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Camundongos , Sorogrupo , Vacinas Combinadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Combinadas/imunologia , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/administração & dosagem , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados/imunologia , Células Vero , Carga Viral , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Vírion/imunologia
10.
Nutr Metab (Lond) ; 17: 63, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774441

RESUMO

Background: Hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) phenotype has been suggested as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is limited evidence on the relationship of triglyceride waist phenotypes with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) status and severity. Our aim was to explore the associations of triglyceride waist phenotypes with reduced eGFR and various decreased eGFR stages among Chinese adults. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among Chinese participants aged 20-74 years from June 2016 to December 2017 in Shanghai, China. An eGFR value below 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was defined as decreased eGFR. HTGW phenotype was defined as triglyceride (TG) ≥1.7 mmol/L and a waist circumference (WC) of ≥90 cm for men and ≥ 80 cm for women. We examined the association of triglyceride waist phenotypes with decreased eGFR risk using the weighted logistic regression models. Results: A total of 31,296 adults were included in this study. Compared with normal TG level/normal WC (NTNW) phenotype, normal TG level/enlarged WC (NTGW) and elevated TG level/enlarged WC (HTGW) phenotypes were associated with the increased risk of decreased eGFR. Multivariable-adjusted ORs (95% CI) associated with NTGW, elevated TG level/normal WC (HTNW), and HTGW phenotypes were 1.75 (1.41-2.18), 1.29 (0.99-1.68), and 1.99 (1.54-2.58), respectively. These associations between triglyceride waist phenotypes and decreased eGFR risk remained across almost all the subgroups, including sex, age, BMI, T2DM, and hypertension. HTGW phenotype was consistently positively associated with the risk of mildly and moderately decreased eGFR, but not with severely decreased eGFR risk. Conclusions: HTGW was consistently associated with the increased risk of decreased eGFR and various decreased eGFR stages, except for severely decreased eGFR. Further prospective studies are warranted to confirm our findings and to investigate the underlying biological mechanisms.

12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(2): 641-645, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of syphilis infection in voluntary blood donors in Foshan City, so as to provide reference for improving the infusion blood safety strategy of city. METHODS: A total of 657 382 voluntary blood donors in Foshan City from January 2008 to December 2017 were selected. The blood samples were tested for treponema pallidum. The prevalence trends, the detection rate of treponema pallidum infection and epidemiological data were statistically analyzed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed for antibody screening in blood samples. The two-hole retest was then performed for the samples which were positive in initial test, meanwhile, they were also confirmed by the treponema hemagglutination blood coagulation test (TPHA). RESULTS: First, the annual infection rate of treponema pallidum in Foshan City from January 2008 to December 2017 was 0.43%, 0.40%, 0.41%, 0.43%, 0.50%, 0.32%, 0.36%, 0.32%, 0.37% and 0.32%, respectively. A total of 2502 cases of treponema pallidum infection were detected, the overall infection rate was 0.38%, and the infection rate decreased year by year (x2=23.826, P<0.05). Second, among the 657 382 samples of voluntary blood donors, 2 502 were showed the positive treponema pallidum antibody (0.38%). In 2015-2017, 791 donors were showed positive treponema pallidum antibody, 676 case out of which were confirmed positive, 0.34% with the positive coincidence rate of 85.46%. Third, this group of 676 syphilis infection cases were male-dominated (0.35%, 577/164 484). The age distribution was 18-53 years old, and the average age was 32 years, among which 35-44 years old accounted for 0.33% (138/41 858). The education level of in donors with treponema pallidom positive mainly ranked at low or lower levels under janior college (0.32%, 571/180 917). The occupation is mainly outside work and company staff (0.39%, 452/115 101). The marital status is mainly unmarried (0.29%, 377/130 905). The place of origin is mainly non-local (0.29%,570/198 063). CONCLUSION: The positive rate of treponema pallidum shows a downward trend in 2008-2017. Among the individuals with comfirmed TP antibody positive in 2015-2017, the non-local, unmarried and low educated males are main population, moreover more than half of them are migrant worker or company employeers.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue , Sífilis , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sorodiagnóstico da Sífilis , Treponema pallidum , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 149: 105344, 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311454

RESUMO

The aim was to prepare intravenous fat emulsions (IFEs) of ketorolac (KTL) ester prodrugs and to investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of these formulations. Three prodrugs of KTL (KTL-IS, KTL-AX and KTL-BT) were synthesized as a means to increase the lipid solubility of KTL. All KTL prodrugs with higher Log P values presented increased tendency to partition into a blank IFE using extemporaneous addition method - the encapsulation efficiency of KTL-IS IFE and KTL-BT IFE was more than 97%. The particle sizes and zeta potentials of these two formulations were comparable to that of the blank IFE. PK studies in rabbits showed significant larger AUC0-8h (646.969 ± 154.326 mg/L•h-1 for KTL-IS IFE and 559.426 ± 103.057 mg/L•h-1 for KTL-BT IFE) than that of ketorolac tromethamine (KTL-T) injectable (286.968 ± 63.045 mg/L•h-1) and approximately 2-fold increases in the elimination t1/2 over KTL-T. In a rat postoperative pain model, the paw withdrawal thresholds and the paw withdrawal latency after I.V. KTL prodrug IFEs were significantly higher than that after I.V. KTL-T at 3~4 h. Effective controlling of acute postoperative pain in a longer duration can be achieved by using non-addictive ketorolac derivatives intraveneous emulsions.

16.
Ann Nutr Metab ; 75(3): 168-178, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its metabolic components, the common risk factors, may be involved in the development and progression of decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The aim of this study was to examine the association of MetS and its metabolic components with eGFR status and severity among Chinese adults. METHODS: The population-based, cross-sectional study recruited a total of 33,300 Chinese adults (aged ≥18 years) from 4 study community sites in Songjiang District, Shanghai, between June 2016 and December 2017. Decreased eGFR was defined as a value of eGFR below 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Weighted multiple logistic regression models were used to examine the association of MetS and its components with eGFR status and severity. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential confounders, subjects with MetS had an increased risk of decreased eGFR with an adjusted OR of 1.76 (95% CI 1.53-2.01), and subjects with increasing numbers of MetS components had a gradually increased risk for decreased eGFR (p trend <0.001). The multivariable-adjusted ORs (95% CI) of decreased eGFR were 1.66 (1.44-1.93) for abdominal obesity, 1.37 (1.18-1.60) for elevated triglycerides, 1.13 (0.96-1.33) for reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, 0.84 (0.72-0.98) for elevated fasting glucose, and 1.92 (1.57-2.35) for elevated blood pressure (BP). Furthermore, these associations remained in most of the subgroups analyses. Significant associations between elevated BP and the risks of mildly, moderately, and severely decreased eGFR were also found. CONCLUSIONS: MetS was independently associated with an increased risk of decreased eGFR, and individual components of MetS each play a different role in decreased eGFR. Elevated BP may be an important risk factor for the progression of renal dysfunction or even chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Glicemia , China , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue
17.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 8092, 2018 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29802291

RESUMO

Complex hydrogels formed with chitosan (CS) and ring-opened polyvinyl pyrrolidone (roPVP) as a swellable mucoadhesive gastroretentive drug dosage form (smGRDDF) were prepared and characterized. CS/roPVP hydrogels were produced by blending CS with roPVP obtained by basic treatment of PVP. Effects of the heating time and NaOH concentration employed for preparing roPVP, and CS molecular weights (Mws), and roPVP/CS ratios on the swelling ability of the resultant hydrogels were characterized. Rheological characteristics were further examined. Results demonstrated that roPVP obtained in a 0.5 M NaOH solution heated to 50 °C for 4 h was suitable for producing complex hydrogels with CS. At a roPVP/CS ratio of 20:1, hydrogels composed of three different Mws of CS possessed optimal swelling and mucoadhesive abilities and rheological properties. In vitro dissolution revealed sustained drug release. A pharmacokinetic study exhibited that the plasma profile of alendronate followed a sustained manner with 3-fold enhancement of the oral bioavailability. In conclusion, the smGRDDF composed of CS/roPVP complex hydrogels was successfully developed and is potentially applicable to improve the clinical efficacy of bisphosphonates.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Difosfonatos/química , Difosfonatos/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/química , Povidona/química , Adesividade , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Temperatura Alta , Coelhos , Hidróxido de Sódio/química , Distribuição Tecidual
18.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 36(3): 145-151, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29223148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aeroallergen sensitization may predict higher fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate cut-off values of FeNO in asthmatic children with and without positive specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) to at least one of 5 aeroallergens (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides farinae, cat, dog, and cockroach). METHODS: 564 patients with asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) aged 5 to 18 years were enrolled into two groups. Sensitized group included 378 children with positive IgE to at least one of 5 inhaled allergens. Non-sensitized group included 186 children. Pulmonary function tests, FeNO, eosinophil counts, and IgE levels were examined. Patients were divided into preschool age (5~6 years old), elementary school children (7~11 years old) and adolescents (12~18 years old). RESULTS: In preschool children, FeNO≥15.5 ppb differentiates between non-sensitized and sensitized groups. (sensitivity 54.3%; specificity 87.5%; positive predictive value (PPV) 86.2%; negative predictive value (NPV) 57.1%; area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) 0.72) Among elementary school children, the cut-off value of FeNO≥19.5 ppb showed sensitivity 66.4%; specificity 85.8%; PPV 90.5%; NPV 55.7%; AUC 0.81. In adolescents, FeNO≥27.5 ppb showed sensitivity 60.2%; specificity 85.4%; PPV 91.2%; NPV 46.1%; AUC 0.76. CONCLUSION: In asthmatic children, aeroallergen sensitization appears to contribute to higher FeNO levels than those not sensitized. Cut-off values of FeNO which well discriminate asthmatic children with and without aeroallergen sensitization should be chose according to different ages.


Assuntos
Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Óxido Nítrico/análise , Adolescente , Alérgenos/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/imunologia , Gatos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cães , Expiração , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Proteínas de Insetos/imunologia , Masculino , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 62(25): 5907-15, 2014 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24873743

RESUMO

A method based on silica gel chromatography and GC-MS/GC-FID analyses was developed for the quantitation of alkaloidal compounds in imported fire ants, Solenopsis richteri, S. invicta, and their hybrid found in the southern United States. The cis and trans alkaloids from fire ant body extracts were successfully separated by silica gel chromatography, identified by GC-MS, and quantitated by GC-FID. Piperideine compounds were eluted together with the cis and trans piperidines, but were well-resolved on a nonpolar GC column. Eight pairs of piperidine isomers and 12 piperideines were quantitated. The ratios of trans alkaloids to corresponding cis isomers ranged from 87 to 378:1 in S. invicta and were significantly higher than in S. richteri and hybrid ants. The results were discussed in relation to the evolution of fire ant venom alkaloids and their role as host location cues for parasitic Pseudacteon phorid flies.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Formigas/química , Peçonhas/química , Animais , Cromatografia Gasosa , Isomerismo , Estrutura Molecular , Piperidinas/química
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