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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682431

RESUMO

Complex synthesis process, low utilization, and single function have seriously hindered the development of fungicides in resistance to rice sheath blight. Here, an inexpensive and multifunctional Cu(II)-based water-dispersible humic acid (Cu-WH) fungicide with growth-promoting ability was developed with a simple method. A 3 D molybdate carbon hierarchical nanosphere (MoO2-C-HN) catalyst was successfully synthesized using a green route and applied in a solid-phase activation of lignite to obtain water-dispersible humic acid. Cu(II)-based water-dispersible humic acid (Cu-WH) was then formed through a simple reaction of Cu(II) and the humic acid. The resultant Cu-WH showed strong antifungal performance against Rhizoctonia solani in laboratory incubation experiments. After being treated with Cu3-WH (0.1 mg L-1), the control efficiency of rice sheath blight at 1, 3, and 5 days after infection was 90.54%, 78.96%, 66.31%, respectively. It also enhanced the water-holding capacity of substrate and thus effectively improved the growth of rice seedlings. In comparison to commercial rice seedling substrate, the substrate treated with 8 wt% of Cu3-WH increased plant height, stem diameter, fresh weight and chlorophyll content by 19.23%, 35.91%,14.52%, and 42.85%, respectively. The newly developed Cu-WH thus can be used as a novel low-cost efficient fungicide and growth stimulator to treat rice sheath blight as well as to increase rice production.

2.
J Virol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694953

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genomic DNA is replicated and packaged into procapsids in the nucleus to form nucleocapsids, which are then transported into the cytoplasm for tegumentation and final maturation. The process is facilitated by the coordination of the viral nuclear egress complex (NEC), which consists of BFLF2 and BFRF1. By expression alone, BFLF2 is distributed mainly in the nucleus. However, it co-localizes with BFRF1 at the nuclear rim and in cytoplasmic nuclear envelope-derived vesicles in co-expression cells, suggesting temporal control of the interaction between BFLF2 and BFRF1 are critical for their proper function. The N-terminal sequence of BFLF2 is less conserved to that of alpha- and beta herpesvirus homologs. Here we found BFLF2 a.a. 2-102 is required for both nuclear targeting and its interaction with BFRF1. Co-immunoprecipitation and confocal analysis indicated that a.a 82-106 of BFLF2 are important for its interaction with BFRF1. Three crucial amino acids (R47, K50, R52) and several non-continuous arginine and histidine residues within a.a. 59-80 function together as a non-canonical NLS, which can be transferred onto YFP-LacZ for nuclear targeting, in an importin ß-dependent manner. Virion secretion is defective in 293 cells harboring a BFLF2 knockout EBV bacmid upon lytic induction, and is restored by trans-complementation of wild type BFLF2, but not NLS or BFRF1-interacting defective mutants. In addition, multiple domains of BFRF1 were found to bind BFLF2, suggesting multiple contact regions within BFRF1 and BFLF2 are required for proper nuclear egress of EBV nucleocapsids.Importance Although EBV BFRF1 and BFLF2 are homologs of conserved viral nuclear egress complex (NEC) in all human herpesviruses, unique amino acid sequences and functions were identified in both proteins. In this study, the nuclear targeting and BFRF1-interacting domains were found within the N-terminus of BFRF2. We showed that a.a. 82-106 are the major region required for BFLF2 to interact with BFRF1. However, the Co-IP data and GST-pull down experiments revealed that multiple regions of both proteins contribute to reciprocal interaction. Different from the canonical NLS in other herpes viral homologs, BFLF2 contains a novel importin-dependent nuclear localization signal, including R47, K50, R52 and several neighboring discontinuous arginine and histidine residues. Using a bacmid complementation system, we show that both the nuclear targeting and the novel nuclear localization signal within a.a. 82-106 of BFLF2 are required for virion secretion.

3.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 46: 1-5, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568979

RESUMO

Psychological resilience of Chinese left-behind children (LBC) remains under-studied. In this cross-sectional survey, we intended to analyze factors associated with resilience in a large group of LBC. One-stage random cluster sampling was used to select 2898 LBC aged between 10 and 17 years in Yunnan province of southwestern China. Face-to-face interview was used to collect relevant information from the participants. Resilience was measured by the Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents (RSCA). Multivariate logistic regression models revealed that having a better educated mother, feeling closer to people living in the same residence, and having more close friends were associated with higher psychological resilience in LBC. LBC who felt less close to people living in the same residence were consistently lower in all five dimensions of resilience. Compared with LBC with 2 or less close friends, LBC with more close friends had significantly greater resilience in goal concentration, family support, and interpersonal assistance. Higher mother's education level was related to higher resilience in emotion regulation, family support, and interpersonal assistance. Our findings suggest that dimension-specific intervention measures should be developed and implemented to improve psychological resilience of LBC.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121271, 2019 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611021

RESUMO

Land spreading of sewage sludge is a major source of environmental microplastics (MPs) contamination. However, conventional sludge treatments are inefficient at removing sludge-based MPs. Herein, hyperthermophilic composting (hTC) technology is proposed and demonstrated in full-scale (200 t) for in situ biodegradation of sludge-based MPs. After 45 days of hTC treatment, 43.7% of the MPs was removed from the sewage sludge, which is the highest value ever reported for MPs biodegradation. The underlying mechanisms of MPs removal were investigated in lab-scale polystyrene-microplastics (PS-MPs) biodegradation experiments. The hTC inoculum degraded 7.3% of the PS-MPs at 70 °C in 56 days, which was about 6.6 times higher than that of the conventional thermophilic composting (cTC) inoculum at 40 °C. Analyses of the molecular weight and physicochemical properties of the PS-MPs residuals indicated that hyperthermophilic bacteria in hTC accelerated PS-MPs biodegradation through excellent bio-oxidation performance. High-throughput sequencing suggested that Thermus, Bacillus, and Geobacillus were the dominant bacteria responsible for the highly efficient biodegradation during hTC. These results reveal the critical role of hyperthermophilic bacteria in MPs biodegradation during hTC, highlighting a promising strategy for sludge-based MPs removal from the real environment.

5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 506-511, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the immunogenicity of a fusion protein containing cell epitopes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis genes Rv2660c, Rv2460c, Rv3875 and Rv3804, and to evaluate the feasibility of using it as a novel target antigen for developing multi-stage TB vaccines. METHODS: Cell epitopes of Rv2660c, Rv2460c, Rv3875 and Rv3804c were fused in series to form a new antigen gene (named msv). Then msv was cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pEASY-Blunt E1. The fusion protein msv was expressed by pEASY-Blunt E1 under the induction of isopropyl-ß-d-thiogalactoside (IPTG). Purified the protein by affinity chromatography and identified the protein by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. To evaluate the immunogenicity of the protein, the mice were immunized with the purified fusion protein, and the titer of the antibody in mice serum was evaluated by ELISA. Besides, splenocytes of immunized mice were separated and splenocytes proliferation was determined under the stimulation of the protein. RESULTS: The prokaryotic expression plasmid carrying msv gene was constructed successfully and msv protein could be expressed by the plasmid under the induction of IPTG. SDS-PAGE and Western blot results confirmed that a purified protein (relative molecular mass was 41.3×103) was obtained. ELISA result indicated that the titer of the antibody in msv immunized mice serum was about 1:81 920.The spleen lymphocyte proliferation assay showed that after immunization with msv protein, significant proliferation of antigen-sensitized lymphocytes was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The fusion protein msv was successfully expressed and purified, which can induce humoral and cellular immunity in mice. It may be used as an antigen component for the development of TB vaccine in the future.

6.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 114(6): 43, 2019 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587086

RESUMO

Impairment of cardiac lymphatic vessels leads to cardiac lymphedema. Recent studies have suggested that stimulation of lymphangiogenesis may reduce cardiac lymphedema. However, effects of lymphatic endothelial progenitor cells (LEPCs) on cardiac lymphangiogenesis are poorly understood. Therefore, this study investigated effectiveness of LEPC transplantation and VEGF-C release with self-assembling peptide (SAP) on cardiac lymphangiogenesis after myocardial infarction (MI). CD34+VEGFR-3+ EPCs isolated from rat bone marrow differentiated into lymphatic endothelial cells after VEGF-C induction. VEGF-C also stimulated the cells to incorporate into the lymphatic capillary-like structures. The functionalized SAP could adhere with the cells and released VEGF-C sustainedly. In the condition of hypoxia and serum deprivation or abdominal pouch assay, the SAP hydrogel protected the cells from apoptosis and necrosis. At 4 weeks after intramyocardial transplantation of the cells and VEGF-C loaded with SAP hydrogel in rat MI models, cardiac lymphangiogenesis was increased, cardiac edema and reverse remodeling were reduced, and cardiac function was improved significantly. Delivery with SAP hydrogel favored survival of the engrafted cells. VEGF-C released from the hydrogel promoted differentiation and incorporation of the cells as well as growth of pre-existed lymphatic vessels. Cardiac lymphangiogenesis was beneficial for elimination of the inflammatory cells in the infarcted myocardium. Moreover, angiogenesis and myocardial regeneration were enhanced after reduction of lymphedema. These results demonstrate that the combined delivery of LEPCs and VEGF-C with the functionalized SAP promotes cardiac lymphangiogenesis and repair of the infarcted myocardium effectively. This study represents a novel therapy for relieving myocardial edema in cardiovascular diseases.

7.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 32(4): 1501-1507, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608868

RESUMO

Ezetimibe (EZT) is a selective cholesterol absorption inhibitor with poor aqueous solubility (0.012mg/ml 23oC) and low oral bioavailability (about 35-65% for a once 10mg dose). The present study illustrates the preparation and characterization of two new co-crystals of ezetimibe using maleic acid and isonicotinamide as the coformers by solid grinding method. The co-crystal structures were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (PXRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared spectroscopy (IR) techniques. Crystallinity and surface morphological characteristics of these prepared co-crystals were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Dissolution rate tests demonstrated that both of the new co-crystals showed significant improvement in sodium lauryl sulfate -sodium acetate buffer solution (PH=4.5) at 15min and 20min. This study enriched the types of EZT co-crystals and identified that pharmaceutical co-crystal engineering technique play an important role in the dissolution rate enhancement of ezetimibe.

8.
Nutrition ; 70: 110498, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although there is international consensus regarding the importance of cachexia, no tools exist, to our knowledge, for cachexia screening among patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with cancer and cachexia could be identified using the four most commonly used nutritional screening tools: the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and the Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ). METHODS: Clinical data were prospectively collected for patients who underwent elective radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer in two large centers between August 2014 and February 2018. Patients were also screened using the MUST, NRS-2002, MST, and SNAQ tools. The screening results were subsequently compared with the international consensus diagnostic criteria for cancer cachexia. RESULTS: A total of 1001 patients were evaluated, including 363 patients (36.3%) with cancer cachexia. Among the patients "at nutritional risk" based on each tool, the proportions of cachexia were 87.3% for the MUST tool, 84.3% for the MST tool, 76.6% for the NRS-2002 tool, and 54.3% for the SNAQ tool. The MST tool provided the largest area under the curve for identifying cancer cachexia (0.914; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Among the tools examined, the MST had the greatest ability to detect cancer cachexia among patients with gastric cancer.

9.
Environ Int ; 133(Pt B): 105203, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665678

RESUMO

Insufficient removal of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) from waste products can increase the risk of selection for antibiotic resistance in non-clinical environments. While composting is an efficient way to reduce ARGs, most conventional methods are ineffective at processing highly contaminated antibiotic fermentation waste. Here we explored the efficacy and underlying mechanisms of hyperthermophilic composting at removing tylosin antibiotic fermentation residues (TFR) and associated ARGs and mobile genetic elements (MGEs; plasmids, integrons and transposon). Hyperthermophilic composting removed 95.0% of TFR, 75.8% of ARGs and 98.5% of MGEs and this reduction mainly occurred after extended exposure to temperatures above 60 °C for at least 6 days. Based on sequencing and culture-dependent experiments, reduction in ARGs and MGEs was strongly associated with a decrease in the number of bacterial taxa that were initially associated with ARGs and MGEs. Moreover, we found 94.1% reduction in plasmid genes abundances (ISCR1 and IncQ-oriV) that significantly correlated with reduced ARGs during the composting, which suggests that plasmids were the main carriers for ARGs. We verified this using direct culturing to show that ARGs were more often found in plasmids during the early phase of composting. Together these results suggest that hyperthermophilic composting is efficient at removing ARGs and associated resistance genes from antibiotic fermentation waste by decreasing the abundance of antibiotic resistance plasmids and associated host bacteria.

10.
Toxicology ; 427: 152284, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476334

RESUMO

Sodium nitrite (NaNO2) is an industrial chemical that is frequently used as a food additive to prevent botulism and enhance glossiness, such as curing meat. In addition, in some regions, water source NaNO2 concentrations exceed standard regulatory levels. Whether the excessive intake of NaNO2 has toxic effects on female fertility and fetal development remain unknown. In this study, we administered ICR mice control saline, low-dose NaNO2 (60 mg/kg/day), or high-dose NaNO2 (120 mg/kg/day) by intragastric gavage for 21 days. We then assessed oocyte morphology, spindle-chromosome dynamics, mitochondrial distribution, ATP content, apoptotic cell numbers, DNA damage levels, histone modifications, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and offspring survival. Results showed that NaNO2 treatment decreased oocyte number, impaired polar body extrusion, and increased zona pellucida thickness in oocytes. Furthermore, NaNO2 disrupted MII spindle integrity, caused abnormal mitochondrial distribution, decreased ATP content, and increased levels of ROS and H3K4me2. Moreover, the number of oocytes in early stages of apoptosis and with levels of DNA damage increased in NaNO2-treated mice along with decreased offspring numbers and survival rates. We demonstrated the negative effects of NaNO2 on female reproductive abilities in mice.

11.
Cell Cycle ; 18(20): 2784-2799, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478449

RESUMO

Aneuploidy caused by abnormal chromosome segregation during early embryo development leads to embryonic death or congenital malformation. Centromere protein F (CENPF) is a member of centromere protein family that regulates chromosome segregation during mitosis. However, its necessity in early embryo development has not been fully investigated. In this study, expression and function of CENPF was investigated in mouse early embryogenesis. Detection of CENPF expression and localization revealed a cytoplasm, spindle and nuclear membrane related dynamic pattern throughout mitotic progression. Farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI) was employed to inhibit CENPF farnesylation in zygotes. The results showed that CENPF degradation was inhibited and its specific localization on nuclear membranes in morula and blastocyst vanished after FTI treatment. Also, CAAX motif mutation leads to failure of CENPF-C630 localization in morula and blastocyst. These results indicate that farnesylation plays a key role during CENPF degradation and localization in early embryos. To further assess CENPF function in parthenogenetic or fertilized embryos development, morpholino (MO) and Trim-Away were used to disturb CENPF function. CENPF knockdown in Metaphase II (MII) oocytes, zygotes or embryos with MO approach resulted in failure to develop into morulae and blastocysts, revealing its indispensable role in both parthenogenetic and fertilized embryos. Disturbing of CENPF with Trim-Away approach in zygotes resulted in impaired development of 2-cell and 4-cell, but did not affect the morula and blastocyst formation because of the recovered expression of CENPF. Taken together, our data suggest CENPF plays an important role during early embryonic development in mice. Abbreviation: CENPF: centromere protein F; MO: morpholino; FTI: Farnesyltransferase inhibitor; CENPE: centromere protein E; IVF: in vitro fertilization; MII: metaphase II; SAC: spindle assembly checkpoint; Mad1: mitotic arrest deficient 1; BUB1: budding uninhibited by benzimidazole 1; BUBR1: BUB1 mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine kinase B; Cdc20: cell division cycle 20.

12.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(3): 2823-2831, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524233

RESUMO

In recent years, cellular immunotherapy has served an important role in the combined treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. The possibility of specific cell therapies for the treatment of solid tumours has been further explored following the success of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)­T cell therapy in the treatment of haematological tumours. The present study aimed to evaluate the specificity and efficiency of c­MET­targeted CAR­NK cell immunotherapy on human liver cancer in vitro. A CAR structure that targeted and recognised a c­MET antigen was constructed. c­MET­CAR was transferred into primary NK cells using lentiviral infection. c­MET­positive HepG2 cells were used as an in vitro study model. The cytotoxicity assay results revealed that c­MET­CAR­NK cells exhibited more specific cytotoxicity for HepG2 cells with high c­MET expression compared with the lung cancer cell line H1299, which has low levels of c­MET expression. The results of the present study demonstrated that c­MET may be a specific and effective target for human liver cancer cell CAR­NK immunotherapy. Based on these results, CAR­NK cell­based immunotherapy may provide a potential biotherapeutic approach for liver cancer treatment in the future.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 118: 109372, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545236

RESUMO

Apoptosis is an evolutionarily conserved suicide process. It plays critical roles in the development and homeostasis of cardiac tissues. However, excessively stimulated apoptotic activity induced by a myriad of deleterious stimuli can result in too much cardiomyocyte death. The regenerative potential of the adult cardiomyocytes is limited. The cardiomyocyte loss cannot be compensated by efficient cell proliferation. It inevitably leads to various heart diseases. Therefore, the inhibition of cardiomyocyte apoptosis is an important therapeutic strategy for heart diseases. Chinese materia medica (CMM) has more than 2000 years of history and provides effective adjuvant therapeutic strategies for heart disease at the clinical level. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of CMM on heart diseases have been a major focus of recent research. Interestingly, it has been demonstrated that CMM can up-regulate the levels of anti-apoptotic proteins and down-regulate the levels of pro-apoptotic proteins to inhibit apoptotic activity, thereby suppressing cardiomyocyte apoptosis in response to harmful stimuli. The inhibitory effects of CMM on apoptotic activity are mediated by the transduction of intracellular signaling. In this review, we summarize and discuss current findings on the roles and mechanisms of CMM in cardiomyocyte apoptosis.

14.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124715, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499311

RESUMO

Electrodeposition is an economical and efficient way to prepare Ti/SnO2-Sb electrode for electrochemical oxidizing pollutants in wastewater. The solvent used for electrodeposition has a great effect on electrode performance. The conventional Ti/SnO2-Sb electrode electrodeposited using aqueous solvent has poor electrochemical activity and short service life. In this study, a Ti/SnO2-Sb electrode was prepared via electrodeposition using a deep eutectic solvent (DES). This new Ti/SnO2-Sb-DES electrode performed a rate constant of 0.571 h-1 for methylene blue decolorization and long accelerated service life of 12.9 h (100 mA cm-2; 0.5 M H2SO4), which were 1.7 times and 3.2 times as high as that of the electrode prepared in aqueous solvent, respectively. The enhanced properties were related to the 1.3 times increased electrochemically active surface area of Ti/SnO2-Sb-DES electrode which had a rough, multilayer and uniform surface structure packed with nano-sized coating particles. In conclusion, this study developed a facile, green and efficient pathway to prepare Ti/SnO2-Sb electrode with high performance.

15.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(11): e953, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of ZTTK syndrome. METHODS: The clinical and genetic data of a Chinese girl with severe growth and development delay, intellectual disability, and facial features were analyzed. Original articles on ZTTK syndrome published up to November 20l8 were identified from PubMed, Human Gene Mutation Database, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and WanFang databases using the keywords "ZTTK syndrome" and "SON". RESULTS: The patient was born small for gestational age, and had poor academic performance, delayed language development, and motor retardation. The patient's height was 113 cm (less than -3 SD), and had moles on the back skin and possessed facial features. A novel heterozygous mutation c.394C>T (p.Q132X) of SON was found in this patient, but the parents were normal. CONCLUSION: The patient's clinical phenotype was consistent with ZTTK syndrome. The novel heterozygous mutation c.394C>T (p.Q132X) of SON was its pathogenic mutation, which has not been reported at home and abroad.

16.
Gene ; 720: 144088, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SPLI) was a secreted protein which belongs to a member of whey acidic protein four-disulfide core family. In breast cancer (BC) it may inhibit cell proliferation and promote cancer metastasis. In this study, a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis was performed to identify the expression and prognostic value of SLPI in breast cancer. METHODS: SLPI expression in breast cancer was analyzed in Oncomine online database, which was subsequently confirmed by quantitative PCR (qPCR) in 18 BC samples and western blotting in 26 BC samples. Breast cancer gene-expression miner v4.1 was used to access the expression level with clinicopathological parameters in breast cancer patients. The prognostic values of SLPI in breast cancer were evaluated using the PrognoScan database. RESULTS: Our results indicated that SLPI was downregulated in breast cancer than in normal tissues. SLPI expression was found to be negatively correlated with estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status. SLPI expression level was decreased in negative basal-like status patients compared with positive basal-like status. Meanwhile, triple-negative breast cancer status positive correlated with SLPI. We confirmed a positive correlation between SLPI and interleukin 17 receptor B (IL17RB) express in breast cancer tissues via oncomine co-expression analysis. Ten proteins: Elastase, Granulin, Lipocalin, Defensin beta 103B, Defensin beta 103A, Tubulin, Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor, Interleukin 6, Epidermal growth factor, Phospholipid scramblase 1 were determinate interactions with SLPI by STRING. CONCLUSION: SLPI could as a biomarker to predict the prognosis values of breast cancer. However, further comprehensive study and mining more evidence are needed to clarify our results.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Inibidor Secretado de Peptidases Leucocitárias/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Inibidor Secretado de Peptidases Leucocitárias/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
17.
Pathog Dis ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Associations of polymorphisms in interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and IL-10 with tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility were already reported by many publications. The aim of this meta-analysis was to more precisely clarify associations between polymorphisms in IL-6/IL-8/IL-10 and TB by combing the results of all relevant publications. METHODS: Eligible publications were searched from Pubmed, Embase, WOS and CNKI. We used Review Manager to combine the results of individual studies. RESULTS: Forty-seven publications were included in this study. IL-6 rs1800795 (1750 cases and 2335 controls, dominant, recessive and allele comparisons), IL-8 rs4073 (1125 cases and 1188 controls, dominant, recessive and allele comparisons), IL-10 rs1800871 (5528 cases and 7671 controls, dominant, recessive and allele comparisons), IL-10 rs1800872 (5269 cases and 7013 controls, dominant and allele comparisons) and IL-10 rs1800896 (7564 cases and 8952 controls, recessive comparison) polymorphisms were all significantly associated with TB in overall combined analyses. In subgroup analyses, we found that the positive results were mainly driven by the pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and Asian subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, this meta-analysis proved that IL-6 rs1800795, IL-8 rs4073, IL-10 rs1800871, IL-10 rs1800872 and IL-10 rs1800896 may confer susceptibility to TB.

18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(8): 2775-2782, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418203

RESUMO

Bacteriophages infecting rhizobia of legume leads to a significant decrease in the number of rhizobia in soil and nodulation in legume, which finally affects nitrogen fixation and remarkably reduces crop yield. However, limited studies have focused on bacteriophages of rhizobia. In this study, three typic rhizobium strains of Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA110T, Sinorhizobium sojae CCBAU05684T and Sinorhizobium meliloti USDA1002T were used as the host bacteria. From each host, three rhizobiophages were isolated from an agricultural black soil with double-layer plate method. We isolated nine rhizobiophages and investigated their morphological feature and biological characteristics. The results showed that the phages of SMM (infecting Sinorhizobium meliloti USDA1002T) and BDM (infecting Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens USDA110T) belonged to Myoviridae family, while phages of SSS (infecting Sinorhizobium sojae CCBAU05684T) belonged to Siphoviridae family. The optimal multiplicity of infection for nine phages ranged from 0.001 to 1.0. The one-step growth curve showed that the latent and rising periods of BDM were remarkably longer than that of SMM and SSS, but the bust size was minimal. Nine phages had the strongest infecting activity at 30-40 ℃ and at neutral pH condition. Comparative analysis showed that the biological characteristics of phages infected with the same host were different, with the differentiation being smaller than that of phages infected with different hosts.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos , Bradyrhizobium , Fabaceae/microbiologia , Rhizobium/virologia , Fabaceae/virologia , Fixação de Nitrogênio
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(35): 32038-32045, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403274

RESUMO

Solar vapor generation holds great potential for seawater desalination and wastewater treatment. Although various efficient solar absorbers have been developed to enhance the performance of solar vapor generators in recent years, their efficiency is still limited by unnecessary heat loss. In this article, a novel 3D hierarchical solar vapor generator (3DHG) was constructed with hydrophilic carbon felt. Different from interfacial solar vapor generators reported before, the porous and hydrophilic channels of 3DHG were exposed to the air directly, which probably resulted in a lower saturated vapor pressure of 3DHG. Therefore, this structure was beneficial for vapor escaping and led to lower average temperature of 3DHG than that of the surroundings at the same time owing to negligible convection loss and radiation loss of 3DHG. The highest evaporation rate (ER) of 1.56 kg m-2 h-1 and efficiency of 98.1% were obtained under 1 sun. In addition, 3DHG was also used for industry dyeing wastewater treatment and exhibited a minimum ER of 1.45 kg m-2 h-1 even after 7 days. This study presents a novel approach not only to design a solar vapor generator with high efficiency but also widens its potential application in seawater desalination and practical wastewater treatment.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 292: 122007, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445963

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to study the molecular compositional changes of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during hyperthermophilic composting (HTC) using electrospray ionization coupled with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Our results reveal that DOM in hyperthermophilic compost mainly consisted of lignins/carboxylic-rich alicyclic molecules (72%) with relatively lower H/C (1.24), and the higher double bound equivalent (5.98) and aromaticity index (0.22) when compared with the DOM in composting materials, suggesting that HTC led to an increase in carboxyl-rich, unsaturated, and aromatic compounds. Profiles of the DOM's transformation indicated that low O/C (O/C < 0.3) and high H/C (H/C < 1.5) compounds were preferentially decomposed in the hyperthermophilic phase of HTC. Abundant produced intermediates, such as lignin phenols and amino sugars, were further transformed to refractory humic substances. This investigation extends the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms on humification of HTC, and reveals further applications for hyperthermophilic compost.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Substâncias Húmicas , Espectrometria de Massas , Compostos Orgânicos
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