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1.
Front Oncol ; 12: 822849, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574409

RESUMO

Background: The tumor microenvironment plays an important role in the occurrence and development of tumors. However, there are gaps in understanding the molecular and cellular interactions between tumor cells and the immune tumor microenvironment (TME). The aim of this study was to identify a novel gene that played an important role in the tumor microenvironment of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Methods: The gene expression profile and clinical data for LUAD were downloaded from TCGA database. First, we used the ESTIMATE algorithm to evaluate the immune and stromal scores accordingly. Also, we analyzed differentially expressed immune-related genes (IRGs) in the high and low immune/stromal score groups. Then, we used the protein-protein interaction network (PPI network) and a univariate Cox regression analysis to identify the hub gene. After that, we analyzed the relationship between CSF2RB expression and TNM stage/prognosis. Furthermore, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to analyze the pathway regulated by CSF2RB and the Pearson correlation analysis method was used to analyze the correlation between the CSF2RB and immune cells. Finally, we used Western blot, real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and immunohistochemistry (IHC) to validate CSF2RB expression in cancer and para-cancerous tissues. Results: We identified that CSF2RB played an important role in the tumor microenvironment of LUAD. The expression of CSF2RB in tumor tissues was lower than that in normal tissues. Furthermore, the Kaplan-Meier plotter showed that a low CSF2RB expression was associated with poor survival and multivariate COX regression analysis revealed that the CSF2RB gene was an independent risk factor for prognosis, independent of whether patients received chemotherapy or radiotherapy. More importantly, a high expression of CSF2RB was related to early T, N, and clinical stages. GSEA analysis revealed that CSF2RB associated with diverse immune-related pathways, including T-cell receptor signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, and B-cell receptor signaling pathway. CSF2RB expression levels were also positively related with the levels of infiltrating CD4+ T cells, macrophages, NK cells, and monocytes in LUAD. Finally, tumor tissues from LUAD patients were used for the assessment of CSF2RB expression. It was significantly lower in tumor sites than in adjacent normal tissues, which was consistent with data analysis. Conclusion: CSF2RB effectively predicted the prognosis of patients with lung adenocarcinoma which could also be a potential target for cancer treatment and prevention. However, further studies are required to elucidate the function and regulatory mechanisms of CSF2RB and to develop some novel treatment strategies.

2.
Biomaterials ; 284: 121489, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364489

RESUMO

Using nanotechnology for cancer vaccine design holds great promise because of the intrinsic feature of nanoparticles in being captured by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). However, there are still obstacles in current nanovaccine systems in achieving efficient tumor therapeutic effects, which could partially be attributed to the unsatisfactory vaccine carrier design. Herein, we report a mannan-decorated pathogen-like polymeric nanoparticle as a protein vaccine carrier for eliciting robust anticancer immunity. This nanovaccine was constructed as a core-shell structure with mannan as the shell, polylactic acid-polyethylenimine (PLA-PEI) assembled nanoparticle as the core, and protein antigens and Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonist CpG absorbed onto the PLA-PEI core via electrostatic interactions. Compared to other hydrophilic materials, mannan decoration could greatly enhance the lymph node draining ability of the nanovaccine and promote the capturing by the CD8+ dendritic cells (DCs) in the lymph node, while PLA-PEI as the inner core could enhance antigen endosome escape thus promoting the antigen cross-presentation. In addition, mannan itself as a TLR4 agonist could synergize with CpG for maximally activating the DCs. Excitingly, we observed in several murine tumor models that using this nanovaccine alone could elicit robust immune response in vivo and result in superior anti-tumor effects with 50% of mice completely cured. This study strongly evidenced that mannan decoration and a rationally designed nanovaccine system could be quite robust in tumor vaccine therapy.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/química , Animais , Células Dendríticas , Imunoterapia , Mananas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Poliésteres/uso terapêutico , Polímeros/uso terapêutico
3.
Front Oncol ; 12: 863461, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463328

RESUMO

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) alterations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can be effectively treated with a variety of ALK-targeted drugs. After the approval of the first-generation ALK inhibitor crizotinib which achieved better results in prolonging the progression-free survival (PFS) compared with chemotherapy, a number of next-generation ALK inhibitors have been developed including ceritinib, alectinib, brigatinib, and ensartinib. Recently, a potent, third-generation ALK inhibitor, lorlatinib, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the first-line treatment of ALK-positive (ALK+) NSCLC. These drugs have manageable toxicity profiles. Responses to ALK inhibitors are however often not durable, and acquired resistance can occur as on-target or off-target alterations. Studies are underway to explore the mechanisms of resistance and optimal treatment options beyond progression. Efforts have also been undertaken to develop further generations of ALK inhibitors. This review will summarize the current situation of targeting the ALK signaling pathway.

4.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35370291

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) is a gene regulatory mechanism that drives protein diversity and dysregulation of AS plays a significant role in tumorigenesis. This study aimed to develop a prognostic signature based on AS and elucidate the role in tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The prognosis-related AS events were analyzed by univariate Cox regression analysis. Gene set enrichment analyses (GSEA) were performed for functional annotation. Prognostic signatures were identified and validated using univariate and multivariate Cox regression, LASSO regression, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and proportional hazards model. The context of TIME in ccRCC was also analyzed. Gene and protein expression data of C4orf19 were obtained from ONCOMINE website and Human Protein Altas. Splicing factors (SFs) regulatory networks were visualized. 4431 survival-related AS events in ccRCC were screened. Based on splicing subtypes, eight AS prognostic signatures were constructed. A nomogram with good prognostic prediction was generated. Furthermore, the prognostic signatures were significantly correlated with TIME diversity and immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI)-related genes. C4orf19 was the only gene whose expression levels were downregulated among the prognostic AS-related genes, which is considered as a promising prognostic factor in ccRCC. Potential functions of SFs were determined by splicing regulatory networks. In our study, AS patterns of novel indicators for prognostic prediction of ccRCC were explored. The AS-SF networks provide information of regulatory mechanisms. Players of AS events related to TIME were investigated, which contribute to prognosis monitoring of ccRCC.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(20): e202201430, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253345

RESUMO

Herein, we present a stable water-soluble cobalt complex supported by a dianionic 2,2'-([2,2'-bipyridine]-6,6'-diyl)bis(propan-2-ol) ligand scaffold, which is a rare example of a high-oxidation species, as demonstrated by structural, spectroscopic and theoretical data. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements revealed that the CoIV center of the mononuclear complex in the solid state resides in the high spin state (sextet, S=5/2). The complex can effectively catalyze water oxidation via a single-site water nucleophilic attack pathway with an overpotential of only 360 mV in a phosphate buffer with a pH of 6. The key intermediate toward water oxidation was speculated based on theoretical calculations and was identified by in situ spectroelectrochemical experiments. The results are important regarding the accessibility of high-oxidation state metal species in synthetic models for achieving robust and reactive oxidation catalysis.


Assuntos
Cobalto , Água , Catálise , Cobalto/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Oxirredução , Água/química
6.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 14(2): 498-510, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alpha-L-fucosidase-1 (FUCA1) has been demonstrated to play opposing regulatory roles in adenocarcinoma and non-adenocarcinoma. Moreover, recent studies reported that FUCA1 could decrease the invasion capability by downregulating matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) expression. However, the potential role and prognostic significance of FUCA1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not yet been explored. AIM: To evaluate the status, association, and prognostic value of FUCA1 and MMP-9 expression in ESCC. METHODS: Patients who underwent esophagectomy for ESCC between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014 at Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center were enrolled. The expression status of FUCA1 and MMP-9 in cancerous tissues was detected using immunohistochemistry. In addition, the expression profiles of the FUCA1 and MMP-9 genes in non-metastatic ESCC were extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. RESULTS: High expression of FUCA1 and MMP-9 was found in 90 patients (75.6%) and 62 patients (52.1%), respectively. In the high FUCA1 expression group, the constituent ratios of patients with stage III disease (61.1% vs 37.9%, P = 0.029), lymphatic invasion (62.2% vs 31.0%, P = 0.003), and high MMP-9 expression (60.0% vs 27.6%, P = 0.002) were significantly higher than those in the low FUCA1 expression group. In Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis, advanced tumor-node-metastasis stage (III, P = 0.001), positive regional lymph node metastasis (N+, P = 0.002), high FUCA1 expression (P = 0.001), and high MMP-9 expression (P = 0.002) were potential predictors of shorter overall survival (OS), which was similar to the results analyzed based on the TCGA database. Further Cox multivariate regression analyses still demonstrated that FUCA1 and MMP-9 expression levels were independent prognostic factors of OS [hazard ratio (HR): 0.484, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.239-0.979; P = 0.044; and HR: 0.591, 95%CI: 0.359-0.973, P = 0.039, respectively]. CONCLUSION: FUCA1 cooperation with MMP-9 may have a major role in affecting the ESCC invasion and metastatic capability, and serve as a valuable prognostic biomarker in ESCC.

7.
Cancer Sci ; 113(3): 926-939, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990040

RESUMO

C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) belongs to the CXC chemokine receptor family, which mediates the metastasis of tumor cells and promotes the malignant development of cancers. However, its biological role and regulatory mechanism in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain unclear. Here, we found that CXCR4 expression was associated with lymph node metastasis and a poor prognosis. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that CXCR4 overexpression promoted ESCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and survival, whereas silencing CXCR4 induced the opposite effects. Mechanically, HIF-1α transcriptionally regulates CXCR4 expression by binding to a hypoxia response element in its promoter. HIF-1α-induced ESCC cell migration and invasion were reversed by CXCR4 knockdown or treatment with MSX-122, a CXCR4 antagonist. Collectively, these data revealed that the HIF-1α/CXCR4 axis plays key roles in ESCC growth and metastasis and indicated CXCR4 as a potential target for ESCC treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Idoso , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos , Prognóstico , Receptores CXCR4/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Hipóxia Tumoral/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
8.
Front Surg ; 9: 856048, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35372493

RESUMO

Objective: Due to the low incidence of pulmonary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC), the survival analysis for comparing lobectomy and sublobar resection (SLR) for stage IA LCNEC remains scarce. Methods: Patients diagnosed with pathological stage IA LCNEC between 1998 and 2016 were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. The oncological outcomes were cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS). Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox multivariate analysis were used to identify the independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS. Furthermore, propensity score matching (PSM) was performed between SLR and lobectomy to adjust the confounding factors. Results: A total of 308 patients with stage IA LCNEC met the inclusion criteria: 229 patients (74.4%) received lobectomy and 79 patients (25.6%) received SLR. Patients who underwent SLR were older (P < 0.001), had smaller tumor size (P = 0.010), and less lymph nodes dissection (P < 0.001). The 5-year CSS and OS rates were 56.5 and 42.9% for SLR, and 67.8 and 55.7% for lobectomy, respectively (P = 0.037 and 0.019, respectively). However, multivariate analysis did not identify any differences between the SLR group and lobectomy group in CSS (P = 0.135) and OS (P = 0.285); and the PSM also supported these results. In addition, the age at diagnosis and laterality of tumor were identified as significant predictors for CSS and OS, whereas the number of lymph nodes dissection was a significant predictor for CSS. Conclusions: Although SLR is not inferior to lobectomy in terms of oncological outcomes for patients with stage IA LCNEC, more lymph nodes can be dissected or sampled during lobectomy. Lobectomy should still be considered as a standard procedure for patients with early-stage LCNEC who are able to withstand lobectomy.

9.
Curr Opin Oncol ; 34(1): 89-94, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636350

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cancer cells evade immune surveillance partly due to the immunosuppressive features of the tumor microenvironment (TME). Currently approved immuno-oncology drugs for the treatment of lung cancer are aimed to inhibit immune checkpoints, such as programmed death protein-1 (PD-1), PD ligand-1 (PD-L1) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4. Despite these, researchers are currently racing to create the optimal cancer immunotherapy treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: Novel immunotherapeutic drugs mainly act on activated immune cells and exert their therapeutic effects by enhancing antitumor responses. In this article, we review new therapies for the treatment of lung cancer that enhance T cell priming, remove coinhibitory signals, supply costimulatory signals and condition the TME. SUMMARY: As more immunotherapeutic targets are in studies, designing multimodal strategies to provide greater efficacy with lower toxicity will be necessary.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antígeno B7-H1 , Humanos , Vigilância Imunológica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T , Microambiente Tumoral
10.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1516, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have exclusively investigated the value of pathological complete response (pCR), in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients, although it is a clinically significant parameter to evaluate the impact of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) on treatment outcome after surgery. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship between pCR after nCRT and survival among patients with local ESCC. METHODS: All patients receiving nCRT followed by surgery in NEOCRTEC5010-trial (NCT01216527) were included. Non-pCR patients were classified into three subgroups: ypTanyN0M0, ypT0NanyM0 and ypTanyNanyM0. The Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test was employed to evaluate disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate regression analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazards model to identify clinicopathological parameters associated with pCR. RESULTS: Among the 185 patients included, 80 (43.2%) achieved pCR after nCRT. The mean survival time of the pCR group was significantly longer than that of the non-pCR group (92.6 vs. 69.2 months; HR, 2.70; 95% CI: 1.48-4.92; P=0.001). The 5-year OS and DFS of the pCR group were 79.3% and 77% respectively, compared to 54.8% and 51.2%, respectively, in the non-pCR group. The results showed that the OS and DFS of the ypTanyN0M0 group were better than those of the ypT0NanyM0 group and the ypTanyNanyM0 group. We also found that the number of dissected lymph nodes and pCR were independent risk factors for DFS and OS rates. CONCLUSIONS: pCR after nCRT is an important prognostic indicator of OS and DFS in patients with ESCC. In addition, lymph-node status could represent an important parameter in the prognostic evaluation of esophageal cancer patients.

11.
Front Immunol ; 12: 762598, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675941

RESUMO

Background: SMARCA4, the essential ATPase subunit of SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, regulates transcription through the control of chromatin structure and is increasingly thought to play significant roles in human cancers. This study aims to explore the potential role of SMARCA4 with a view to providing insights on pathologic mechanisms implicated here. Methods: The potential roles of SMARCA4 in different tumors were explored based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Genotype-tissue expression (GTEx), Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER), and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) datasets. The expression difference, mutation and phosphorylation status, survival, pathological stage, DNA methylation, tumor mutation burden (TMB), microsatellite instability (MSI), mismatch repair (MMR), tumor microenvironment (TME), and immune cell infiltration related to SMARCA4 were analyzed. Results: High expression levels of SMARCA4 were observed in most cancer types. SMARCA4 expression in tumor samples correlates with poor overall survival in several cancers. Lung adenocarcinoma cases with altered SMARCA4 showed a poorer prognosis. Enhanced phosphorylation levels of S613, S695, S699, and S1417 were observed in several tumors, including breast cancer. SMARCA4 correlated with tumor immunity and associated with different immune cells and genes in different cancer types. TMB, MSI, MMR, and DNA methylation correlated with SMARCA4 dysregulation in cancers. SMARCA4 expression was negatively associated with CD8+ T-cell infiltration in several tumors. Furthermore, the SWI/SNF superfamily-type complex and ATPase complex may be involved in the functional mechanisms of SMARCA4, albeit these data require further confirmation. Conclusions: Our study offers a comprehensive understanding of the oncogenic roles of SMARCA4 across different tumors. SMARCA4 may correlate with tumor immunity.


Assuntos
DNA Helicases/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , DNA Helicases/imunologia , DNA Helicases/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Mutação , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Prognóstico , Fatores de Transcrição/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
12.
J Cancer ; 12(21): 6445-6453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659535

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to investigate the metastasis patterns and prognosis of breast cancer (BC) in patients aged ≥ 80 years with distant metastases, as the current literature lacks studies in this population. Methods: A retrospective, population-based study using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was conducted to evaluate 36,203 patients with BC from 2010 to 2016. Patients were classified into three groups, the older group (aged ≥ 80 years), middle-aged group (aged 60-79 years), and younger group (aged < 60 years). The role of age at the time of BC diagnosis in metastasis patterns was investigated, and the survival of different age groups of patients with BC was assessed. Results: Overall, 4,359 (12%) patients were diagnosed with BC at age ≥ 80 years, 19,688 (54%) at 60-79 years, and 12,156 (34%) at < 60 years. Compared with the other two groups, those in the older group had a lower rate of treatment acceptance. Statistical analysis revealed that older patients were more likely to have lung invasion only (odds ratio [OR]: 1.274, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.163-2.674) and less likely to have bone invasion only (OR: 0.704, 95% CI: 0.583-0.851), brain invasion only (OR: 0.329, 95% CI: 0.153-0.706), or multiple metastatic sites (OR: 0.361, 95% CI: 0.284-0.458) compared to the other two groups. Age at diagnosis was an independent prognostic factor for survival. The older group had the worst overall survival (OS, P<0.001) and BC-specific survival (CSS, P<0.001). Furthermore, patients aged ≥ 80 years with only liver metastasis had the worst CSS and OS. Conclusion: Patients aged ≥ 80 years were less likely to be receptive to cancer-related therapy and had the highest cancer mortality rate among all patients. Our findings will hopefully help clinicians develop more appropriate modalities of cancer treatment in elderly BC patients.

14.
Biomater Sci ; 9(20): 6879-6888, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505857

RESUMO

Cancer vaccines artificially stimulate the immune system against cancer and are considered the most promising treatment of cancer. However, the current progress in vaccine research against cancer is still limited and slow, partially due to the difficulties in identifying and obtaining tumor-specific antigens. Considering surgery as the first choice for tumor treatment in most cases, the authors evaluated whether the resected tumor can be directly used as a source of tumor antigens for designing personalized cancer vaccines. Based on this idea, herein, the authors report a dynamic covalent hydrogel-based vaccine (DCHVax) for personalized postsurgical management of tumors. The study uses proteins extracted from the resected tumor as antigens, CpG as the adjuvant, and a multi-armed poly(ethylene glycol) (8-arm PEG)/oxidized dextran (ODEX) dynamically cross-linked hydrogel as the matrix. Subcutaneous injection of DCHVax recruits dendritic cells to the matrix in situ and elicits robust tumor-specific immune responses. Thus, it effectively inhibits the postoperative growth of the residual tumor in several murine tumor models. This simple and personalized method to develop cancer vaccines may be promising in developing clinically relevant strategies for postoperative cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer , Neoplasias , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Animais , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Hidrogéis , Camundongos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(77): 9898-9901, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494624

RESUMO

A Z-scheme system was successfully constructed for visible-light-driven photocatalytic H2 production from lignocelluloses, the highest H2 evolution rate of this Z-scheme system is 5.3 and 1.6 µmol h-1 in α-cellulose and poplar wood chip aqueous solutions, respectively, under visible light irradiation.

16.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 361, 2021 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419075

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is the process of capillary sprouting from pre-existing vessels and it plays a critical role in the carcinogenic process of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). However, the association of angiogenesis regulators with the prognosis and progression of LUAD needs to be further elucidated. In this study, we adopted differential expression analysis, Cox proportional hazards (PH) regression analysis and experimental validation to identify angiogenesis regulators correlated with a poor prognosis, immune infiltration and cancer progression in LUAD. These results showed that the diagnostic and prognostic models based on COL5A2 and EPHB2 served as independent biomarkers with superior predictive ability. The patients in the high-risk group exhibited a worse prognosis in the TCGA cohort (P < 0.001, HR = 1.72, 95% CI 1.28-2.30), GSE310210 cohort (P = 0.005, HR = 2.87, 95% CI 1.46-5.61), and GSE31019 cohort (P = 0.01, HR = 2.14, 95% CI 1.19-3.86) than patients in the low-risk group. The high prognostic risk patients had a higher TMB (P < 0.001); higher fractions of M0 macrophages, neutrophils, NK cells resting, and T cells CD4 memory activated (P < 0.05); and higher expression of immune checkpoints PD-1, PDL-1, PDL-2, and B7H3 (P < 0.001). Patients in the high-risk group were more sensitive to chemotherapeutic drugs and molecular targeted drugs such as cisplatin, doxorubicin, gefitinib, and bosutinib (P < 0.0001). In addition, inhibition of COL5A2 and EPHB2 effectively suppressed the proliferation and migration of LUAD cells. The current study identified angiogenesis regulators as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for LUAD and may help to further optimize cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Prognóstico
17.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(10): 2715-2726, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351079

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common subtype of lung cancer, and it is characterized by a high incidence. It is important to understand the molecular mechanisms that determine the progression and metastasis of NSCLC in order to develop more effective therapies and identify novel diagnostic indicators of NSCLC. RSPH14 has been reported to be related to multiple human diseases, including duodenal adenocarcinoma and meningiomas, but the role of RSPH14 in NSCLC remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the molecular function and clinical significance of RSPH14 in NSCLC. Analyses of public datasets and clinical samples demonstrated that RSPH14 expression was upregulated in NSCLC samples compared with normal samples. In addition, high RSPH14 expression was associated with a shorter overall survival time in patients with NSCLC. Notably, RSPH14 knockdown suppressed the proliferation and cell cycle progression and enhanced the apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Mechanically, tandem mass tag analysis demonstrated that RSPH14 can affect multiple processes, including the AMPK signaling pathway, calcium ion import regulation, glucose transmembrane transporter activity, and glucose transmembrane transport. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that RSPH14 may be a promising prognostic factor and therapeutic target for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
18.
J Cancer ; 12(16): 5025-5034, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234871

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of inflammatory and nutritional-based scores, including the albumin/fibrinogen ratio (AFR) and albumin/globulin ratio (AGR), in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods: The medical records of 641 patients with resectable ESCC from our institution were retrospectively analyzed. The preoperative AFR and AGR were investigated based on serum albumin, globulin and plasma fibrinogen levels. X-tile software, Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazard models were performed to identify their prognostic value. The predictive accuracy was evaluated by the concordance index (C-index), calibration plots, and decision curve analysis (DCA). Results: The optimal cutoff values were 15.3 and 1.8 for AFR and AGR, respectively. Univariate survival analysis identified age, smoking history, tumor size, pT status, pN status, NLR, PLR, fibrinogen, albumin, AFR, and AGR as factors associated with overall survival. Multivariate analysis indicated that preoperative AFR (HR: 0.690, 95% CI = 0.495~0.960, P = 0.028), rather than other inflammation- and nutrition-based scores, was an independent predictor of overall survival. The C-index of the predicted nomogram containing AFR (C-index = 0.677) was higher than that of the nomogram without AFR (C-index = 0.656). The calibration curves showed that the predictive abilities were consistent with the actual observation results. Moreover, compared with the traditional staging system, the results of DCA showed that the nomogram had superior predictive ability and higher clinical utility. Conclusion: Our preliminary study suggested that a low preoperative AFR might be a novel and valuable predictor of poor prognosis in patients with ESCC, which may be helpful for prognosis assessment, patient counseling, and therapeutic modality selection.

19.
Cancer Med ; 10(17): 6149-6164, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic performance of the log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS) value compared with the pathological N stage and lymph node ratio (LNR) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHOD: In total 1144 patients diagnosed with ESCC from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database and 930 patients from our validation cohort were eligible. Kaplan-Meier plotter and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were conducted to investigate the prognostic value of the N stage, LNR stage, and LODDS stage. The homogeneity, discriminatory ability, and monotonicity of these variables were evaluated using the linear trend χ2 test, likelihood ratio χ2 test, Akaike information criterion (AIC), and consistency index (C-index) to determine the potential superiorities. RESULTS: The prognostic LODDS cutoff values were determined to be -1.49 and -0.55 (p < 0.001). Univariate analyses showed significant association among the N, LNR, and LODDS stages and overall survival of the patients (all p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses confirmed that the LODDS stage remained an independent prognostic indicator in both the SEER database and our validation cohort. Subgroup analyses identified the ability of LODDS stage to distinguish heterogeneous patients within various groups in both independent databases. Furthermore, the model with the highest C-index and smallest AIC value was the one incorporating the LODDS stage among the three investigated nodal classifications of both cohorts. CONCLUSION: The novel LODDS stage demonstrated better prognostic performance than the traditional N or LNR stages in ESCC patients. It can serve as an auxiliary factor to improve prognostic performance and can be applied to evaluate the lymph node status to increase the precision of staging and evaluation of survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/fisiopatologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Idoso , China , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER
20.
Cancer Sci ; 112(10): 4064-4074, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251713

RESUMO

Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a major immunosuppressive checkpoint protein expressed by tumor cells to subvert anticancer immunity. Recent studies have shown that ionizing radiation (IR) upregulates the expression of PD-L1 in tumor cells. However, whether an IR-induced DNA damage response (DDR) directly regulates PD-L1 expression and the functional significance of its upregulation are not fully understood. Here, we show that IR-induced upregulation of PD-L1 expression proceeds through both transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms. Upregulated PD-L1 was predominantly present on the cell membrane, resulting in T-cell apoptosis in a co-culture system. Using mass spectrometry, we identified PD-L1 interacting proteins and found that BCLAF1 (Bcl2 associated transcription factor 1) is an important regulator of PD-L1 in response to IR. BCLAF1 depletion decreased PD-L1 expression by promoting the ubiquitination of PD-L1. In addition, we show that CMTM6 is upregulated in response to IR and participates in BCLAF1-dependent PD-L1 upregulation. Finally, we demonstrated that the ATM/BCLAF1/PD-L1 axis regulated PD-L1 stabilization in response to IR. Together, our findings reveal a novel regulatory mechanism of PD-L1 expression in the DDR.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Radiação Ionizante , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/fisiologia , Apoptose , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Proteínas com Domínio MARVEL/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio MARVEL/efeitos da radiação , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteínas da Mielina/metabolismo , Proteínas da Mielina/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Modificação Traducional de Proteínas , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Proteínas Repressoras/deficiência , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/deficiência , Ubiquitinação , Regulação para Cima/efeitos da radiação
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