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1.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 14(1): 44-49, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1895

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the natural change of nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM), and its association with the progression of refractive error. METHODS: Students of the Beijing Myopia Progression Study were examined at baseline and follow-up examinations, which included cycloplegic autorefraction. Initial NITM and its decay were assessed objectively immediately after binocularly-viewing and performing a sustained 5-minute near task (20 cm). RESULTS: There were 223 students with both NITM and cycloplegic refractive data enrolled. There were 142 myopic (63.7%), 32 emmetropic (14.4%), and 49 hyperopic (22.0%) students according to their baseline cycloplegic refraction. The annual refractive change was -0.45 (-0.73, -0.21) D. From the baseline to the one-year and two-year follow-up periods, the initial NITM (median) increased significantly in the myopic students (0.16, 0.21, and 0.20D, p = 0.01, respectively). The overall proportion of NITM decay types shifted significantly from none being induced at baseline (non-induced: 17.0%, complete decay 57.4%, incomplete decay 25.6%) to incomplete decay at the 2-year follow-up (non-induced: 6.7%, complete decay 65.0%, incomplete decay 28.3%, p = 0.01). For the hyperopic students, after adjusting for risk factors, for every 1 diopter increase in the initial NITM at baseline, there was approximately a -1.48 diopter more relative myopic refractive progression (p = 0.01). No significant association was found between refractive change and the NITM parameters for either the myopic or emmetropic students after adjusting for the same confounders. However, this relation was significant in the hyperopes (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: NITM was only found to be significantly associated with the progression of a myopic refractive shift among the hyperopes


No disponible

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401753

RESUMO

Infectious diseases have caused some of the most feared plagues and greatly harmed human health. However, despite the qualitative understanding that the occurrence and diffusion of infectious disease is related to the environment, the quantitative relations are unknown for many diseases. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that poses a fatal threat and has spread explosively throughout the world, impacting human health. From a geographical perspective, this study aims to understand the global hotspots of ZIKV as well as the spatially heterogeneous relationship between ZIKV and environmental factors using exploratory special data analysis (ESDA) model. A geographically weighted regression (GWR) model was used to analyze the influence of the dominant environmental factors on the spread of ZIKV at the continental scale. The results indicated that ZIKV transmission had obvious regional and seasonal heterogeneity. Population density, GDP per capita, and landscape fragmentation were the dominant environmental factors affecting the spread of ZIKV, which indicates that social factors had a greater influence than natural factors on the spread of it. As SARS-CoV-2 is spreading globally, this study can provide methodological reference for fighting against the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecção por Zika virus , Animais , Humanos , Mosquitos Vetores , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Zika virus , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/transmissão
3.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(3): 646-651, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33437199

RESUMO

Objectives: A significant proportion of discharged COVID-19 patients still have some symptoms. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has played an important role in the treatment of COVID-19, but whether it is helpful for discharged patients is still unknown. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the impacts of TCM treatment on the convalescents of COVID-19. Methods: A total of 372 COVID-19 convalescents from February 21 to May 3 in Shenzhen, China were retrospectively analyzed, 291 of them accepted clinically examined at least once and 191 convalescents accepted TCM. Results: After retrospective analysis of the clinical data of convalescents accepted TCM treatment or not, we found that the white blood cell count, as well as serum interleukin-6 and procalcitonin decreased in TCM group. Serum γ-glutamyl transpeptidase was significantly decreased, while prealbumin and albumin increased in TCM group. Red blood cell, hemoglobin, and platelet count increased in TCM group. The mechanisms of TCM treatment might be the overall regulations, including balanced immune response, improved hematopoiesis and coagulation systems, enhanced functions of liver and heart, increased nutrient intake and lipid metabolism. Conclusions: This study suggested that TCM treatment would be beneficial for discharged COVID-19 patients. However, long-term medical observation and further study with randomized trial should be done to confirm this result. Besides, the potential molecular mechanisms of TCM treatment should be further revealed.


Assuntos
/reabilitação , Convalescença , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , /sangue , Hospitais de Isolamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 540: 42-50, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445109

RESUMO

Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs), which play a very critical role in liver regeneration, function in hypoxic environments, but few studies have elucidated the specific mechanism. As a hypoxia-sensitive gene, Sentrin/SUMO-specific protease 1(SENP1) is upregulated in solid tumors due to hypoxia and promotes tumor proliferation. We speculate that LSECs may upregulate SENP1 in hypoxic environments and that SENP1 may act on downstream genes to allow the cells to adapt to the hypoxic environment. To elucidate the reasons for the survival of LSECs under hypoxia, we designed experiments to explore the possible mechanism. First, we cultured murine LSECs in hypoxic conditions for a certain time (24 h and 72 h), and then, we observed that the proliferation ability of the hypoxia group was higher than that of the normoxia group, and the number of unique fenestrae of the LSECs in the hypoxia group was more than that of the LSECs in the normoxia group. Then, we divided the LSECs into several groups for hypoxic culture for time points (6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 72 h), and we found that the expression of SENP1, HIF-1α and VEGF was significantly upregulated. Then, we silenced SENP1 and HIF-1α with si-SENP1 and si-HIF-1α, respectively. SENP1, HIF-1α and VEGF were significantly downregulated, as determined by RT-PCR, WB and ELISA. Unexpectedly, the proliferation activity of the LSECs decreased and the fenestrae disappeared more in the si-SENP1 and si-HIF-1α groups than in the control group. It is concluded that LSECs cultured under hypoxic conditions may maintain fenestrae and promote proliferation through the SENP1/HIF-1α/VEGF signaling axis, thereby adapting to the hypoxic environment.

5.
J Chromatogr A ; 1637: 461733, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385745

RESUMO

A hydrophilic interaction (HILIC) ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) with triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the quantification of 21 free amino acids (AAs). Compared to published reports, our method renders collectively improved sensitivity with lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) at 0.5~42.19 ng/mL with 0.3 µL injection volume (or equivalently 0.15~12.6 pg injected on column), robust linear range from LLOQ up to 3521~5720 ng/mL (or 1056 ~ 1716 pg on column) and a high throughput with total time of 6 min per sample, as well as easier experimental setup, less maintenance and higher adaptation flexibility. Ammonium formate in the mobile phase, though commonly used in HILIC, was found unnecessary in our experimental setup, and its removal from mobile phase was key for significant improvement in sensitivity (4~74 times higher than with 5 mM ammonium formate). Addition of 10 (or up to100 mM) hydrochloric acid (HCl) in the sample diluent was crucial to keep response linearity for basic amino acids of histidine, lysine and arginine. Different HCl concentration (10~100 mM) in sample diluent also excreted an effect on detection sensitivity, and it is of importance to keep the final prepared sample and calibrators in the same HCl level. Leucine and isoleucine were distinguished using different transitions. Validated at seven concentration levels, accuracy was bound within 75~125%, matrix effect generally within 90~110%, and precision error mostly below 2.5%. Using this newly developed method, the free amino acids were then quantified in a total of 544 African indigenous vegetables (AIVs) samples from African nightshades (AN), Ethiopian mustards (EM), amaranths (AM) and spider plants (SP), comprising a total of 8 identified species and 43 accessions, cultivated and harvested in USA, Kenya and Tanzania over several years, 2013~2018. The AN, EM, AM and SP were distinguished based on free AAs profile using machine learning methods (ML) including principle component analysis, discriminant analysis, naïve Bayes, elastic net-regularized logistic regression, random forest and support vector machine, with prediction accuracy achieved at ca. 83~97% on the test set (train/test ratio at 7/3). An interactive ML platform was constructed using R Shiny at https://boyuan.shinyapps.io/AIV_Classifier/ for modeling train-test simulation and category prediction of unknown AIV sample(s). This new method presents a robust and rapid approach to quantifying free amino acids in plants for use in evaluating plants, biofortification, botanical authentication, safety, adulteration and with applications to nutrition, health and food product development.

6.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434918

RESUMO

A bioanalytical method for simultaneous quantification of isoniazid (INH), pyrazinamide (PZA) and ethambutol (EMB) in plasma was developed and validated using high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. After extracted by protein precipitation with acetonitrile, the analytes were separated on a Waters XBridge Amide column by isocratic elution with acetonitrile and 5 mM ammonium acetate solution containing 0.3% formic acid (77:23, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The detection was carried out on a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer equipped with an electrospray ionization source in positive mode by monitoring the selected ion transitions at m/z 205.2 â†’ 116.1, m/z 137.9 â†’ 121.2, m/z 124.3 â†’ 78.9 and m/z 213.1 â†’ 122.4 for EMB, INH, PZA and EMB-d8 Internal standard (IS), respectively. The calibration curves were linear over the range of 0.0125-2.00 µg/mL for EMB, 0.0625-10.0 µg/mL for INH and 0.250-40.0 µg/mL for PZA. Neither cross-analytes inter-conversion nor matrix effects were observed. The intra- and inter-assay precision (%RSD) values were within 8.80%, and accuracy (%RE) ranged from -11.13 to 13.49%, indicating that the precision and accuracy were well within the acceptable limits of variation. The method would be helpful for analysis of EMB, INH and PZA in plasma samples from clinical pharmacokinetics and therapeutic drug monitoring.

7.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(1): 176-186, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390786

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to observe the liver function recovery of COVID-19 patients after discharge. Patients and Methods: A total of 253 discharged COVID-19 patients in Shenzhen city, China were selected. The clinical characteristics of these patients were assessed. A 2-month follow-up and laboratory hematology test were performed to examine the status of patients' liver function. Results: Patients combined with liver diseases, especially fatty liver, are more likely to progress to severe condition (P<0.05). Patients in severe condition and those with liver diseases have higher rates of liver injuries during hospitalization, characterized by a significant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST, P<0.01). The ALT, AST/ALT, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), and A/G levels showed significant differences in comparison with the control group (P<0.05, and P<0.001); and the outlier ratio of A/G, ALT, GGT and ALP of patients remained abnormal higher within 14 days after discharge (P<0.001). Liver injuries of COVID-19 patients may be related to the epidemiological characteristics, clinical indexes, basic diseases, symptoms, drug treatment during hospitalization and the complications. Indicators of liver function were correlated with cardiac function, renal function, thyroid function, lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism, immune index, leukocyte, erythrocyte, hemoglobin and platelet related indexes. The outlier ratio of TP, ALB and GLB remained extremely low throughout the follow-up period; the outlier ratio of ALT, AST and GGT decreased below 10% from a high level at 40 days after discharged. However, the outlier ratio of A/G, AST/ALT and ALP remained high during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Abnormal liver function might indicate worse recovery of COVID-19 patients. Changes in liver function should be emphasized during long-term follow-up of COVID-19 patients after hospital discharge; the necessity of employing appropriate interventions for liver function repair should be emphasized.


Assuntos
/complicações , Insuficiência Hepática/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adulto Jovem
8.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(2): 347-355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390803

RESUMO

Objectives: Research on recovering COVID-19 patients could be helpful for containing the pandemic and developing vaccines, but we still do not know much about the clinical features, recovery process, and antibody reactions during the recovery period. Methods: We retrospectively analysed the epidemiological information, discharge summaries, and laboratory results of 324 patients. Results: In all, 15 (8.62%) patients experienced chest distress/breath shortness, where 8 of the 15 were severely ill. This means severely ill patients need an extended amount of time to recover after discharge; next, 20 (11.49%) patients experienced anxiety and 21 (12.07%) had headache/insomnia and a small fraction of them complained of anosmia/ageusia, indicating that these patients need treatment for mental and psychological health issues. Regarding the re-positive patients, their CT and laboratory test results showed no obvious evidence of illness progress or infectivity but a high anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody expression. Conclusion: Recovered COVID-19 patients need psychological and physiological care and treatment, re-positivity can occur in any person, but juveniles, females, and patients with mild/moderate existing symptoms have higher rates of re-positivity, While there is no evidence that turning re-positive has an impact on their infectivity, but it still alerted us that we need differentiate them in the following managements.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ageusia , /reabilitação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(2): 1145-1154, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400865

RESUMO

Very-short- (vSCCPs, C6-9), short- (SCCPs, C10-13), medium- (MCCPs, C14-17), and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (LCCPs, C>17) were analyzed in indoor air and dust collected from the living rooms and personal 24 h air of 61 adults from a Norwegian cohort. Relatively volatile CPs, i.e., vSCCPs and SCCPs, showed a greater tendency to partition from settled indoor dust to paired stationary indoor air from the same living rooms than MCCPs and LCCPs, with median logarithmic dust-air partition ratios of 1.3, 2.9, 4.1, and 5.4, respectively. Using the stationary indoor air and settled indoor dust concentrations, the combined median daily exposures to vSCCPs, SCCPs, MCCPs, and LCCPs were estimated to be 0.074, 2.7, 0.93, and 0.095 ng/kg bw/d, respectively. Inhalation was the predominant exposure pathway for vSCCPs (median 99%) and SCCPs (59%), while dust ingestion was the predominant exposure pathway for MCCPs (75%) and LCCPs (95%). The estimated inhalation exposure to total CPs was ∼ 5 times higher when the personal 24 h air results were used rather than the corresponding stationary indoor air results in 13 paired samples, indicating that exposure situations other than living rooms contributed significantly to the overall personal exposure. The 95th percentile exposure for CPs did not exceed the reference dose.

10.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(1): 117-130, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910207

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To systematically evaluate the correlation between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Seven databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang, and CNKI) were searched through May 2020. Risk of bias and quality of evidence were assessed by using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS), and meta-analysis was carried out by using the Review Manager 5.3 software on the studies with the quality evaluation scores ≥ 6. Meta-regression analysis was used to determine the independent role of PD-L1 expression on CRC prognosis after adjusting clinicopathological features and treatment methods. RESULTS: A total of 8823 CRC patients in 32 eligible studies. PD-L1 expression was correlated with lymphatic metastasis (yes/no; OR = 1.24, 95% CI (1.11, 1.38)), diameter of tumor (≥ 5 cm/< 5 cm; OR = 1.34, 95% CI (1.06, 1.70)), differentiation (high-middle/low; OR = 0.68, 95% CI (0.53, 0.87)), and vascular invasion (yes/no; OR = 0.80, 95% CI (0.69, 0.92)). PD-L1 expression shortened the overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.93, 95% CI (1.66, 2.25)), disease-free survival (HR = 1.76, 95% CI (1.50, 2.07)), and progression-free survival (HR = 1.93, 95% CI (1.55, 2.41)). Meta-regression showed that PD-L1 expression played a significant role on poor CRC OS (HR = 1.95, 95% CI (1.92, 3.98)) and disease-free survival (HR = 2.14, 95% CI (0.73, 4.52)). CONCLUSION: PD-L1 expression independently predicted a poor prognosis of CRC.

11.
J Optom ; 14(1): 44-49, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739315

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the natural change of nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM), and its association with the progression of refractive error. METHODS: Students of the Beijing Myopia Progression Study were examined at baseline and follow-up examinations, which included cycloplegic autorefraction. Initial NITM and its decay were assessed objectively immediately after binocularly-viewing and performing a sustained 5-minute near task (20 cm). RESULTS: There were 223 students with both NITM and cycloplegic refractive data enrolled. There were 142 myopic (63.7%), 32 emmetropic (14.4%), and 49 hyperopic (22.0%) students according to their baseline cycloplegic refraction. The annual refractive change was -0.45 (-0.73, -0.21) D. From the baseline to the one-year and two-year follow-up periods, the initial NITM (median) increased significantly in the myopic students (0.16, 0.21, and 0.20D, p = 0.01, respectively). The overall proportion of NITM decay types shifted significantly from none being induced at baseline (non-induced: 17.0%, complete decay 57.4%, incomplete decay 25.6%) to incomplete decay at the 2-year follow-up (non-induced: 6.7%, complete decay 65.0%, incomplete decay 28.3%, p = 0.01). For the hyperopic students, after adjusting for risk factors, for every 1 diopter increase in the initial NITM at baseline, there was approximately a -1.48 diopter more relative myopic refractive progression (p = 0.01). No significant association was found between refractive change and the NITM parameters for either the myopic or emmetropic students after adjusting for the same confounders. However, this relation was significant in the hyperopes (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: NITM was only found to be significantly associated with the progression of a myopic refractive shift among the hyperopes.

12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(23)2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33266182

RESUMO

Microwave Staring Correlated Imaging (MSCI) is a newly proposed computational high-resolution imaging technique. The imaging performance of MSCI with the existence of modeling errors depends on the properties of the imaging matrix and the relative perturbation error resulted from existing errors. In conventional transient-radiation-fields-based MSCI, which is commonly accomplished by utilizing random frequency-hopping (FH) waveforms, the multiple transmitters should be controlled individually and simultaneously. System complexity and control difficulty are hence increased, and various types of modeling errors are introduced as well. The computation accuracy of radiation fields is heavily worsened by the modeling errors, and the transient effect makes it hard to take direct and high-precision measurements of the radiation fields and calibrate the modeling errors with the measuring result. To simplify the system complexity and reduce error sources, in this paper, steady-radiation-fields-sequence-based MSCI (SRFS-MSCI) method is proposed. The multiple transmitters are excited with coherent signals at the same observation moment, with the signal frequency varying in the whole frequency band during the imaging process. By elaborately designing the array configuration and the amplitude and phase sequences of the coherent transmitters, the SRFS-MSCI is thus implemented. Comparing the system architecture of the proposed SRFS-MSCI with the conventional random FH-based MSCI, it can be found that the proposed method significantly reduces the number of baseband modules and simplifies the system architecture and control logic, which contributes to reducing error sources such as baseband synchronization errors and decreasing deterioration caused by error cascade. To further optimize the design parameters in the proposed SRFS-MSCI system, the Simulated Annealing (SA) algorithm is utilized to optimize the amplitude sequences, the phase sequences, and the antenna positions individually and jointly. Numerical imaging experiments and real-world imaging experiment demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed SRFS-MSCI method that recognizable high-resolution recovery results are obtained with simplified system structure and optimized system parameters.

13.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 13: 2793-2799, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293880

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the impact of eye exercises of acupoints on myopic progression among Chinese urban students. Methods: The Beijing Myopia Progression Study (BMPS) was a three-year cohort study, with 386 students (aged 6-17 years) enrolled at baseline. These students were invited to be reexamined in the years 2011, 2012, and 2013. The student's cycloplegic refraction at each visit and the parental non-cycloplegic refraction at baseline were performed. Students were also required to complete the eye exercise of acupoints questionnaire and the convergence insufficiency symptom survey (CISS). Results: At the final follow-up, 226 students (57.2%) with complete refraction and eye exercises questionnaire data were enrolled in the present study. In the multivariate analysis, only students who performed the eye exercises twice or more per day had less myopic refractive change (ß=0.32, p=0.04), as compared to those who performed the eye exercises less than twice per day. No significant association was found between the CISS score and the refractive change for items in the eye exercises questionnaire. Conclusion: In this study cohort, the Chinese eye exercises of acupoints had a modest effect on reducing myopic progression among Chinese urban students aged 6 to 17 years. The precise mechanism remains unclear, especially in the absence of a control group.

14.
Cell Syst ; 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373583

RESUMO

Systematic perturbation of cells followed by comprehensive measurements of molecular and phenotypic responses provides informative data resources for constructing computational models of cell biology. Models that generalize well beyond training data can be used to identify combinatorial perturbations of potential therapeutic interest. Major challenges for machine learning on large biological datasets are to find global optima in a complex multidimensional space and mechanistically interpret the solutions. To address these challenges, we introduce a hybrid approach that combines explicit mathematical models of cell dynamics with a machine-learning framework, implemented in TensorFlow. We tested the modeling framework on a perturbation-response dataset of a melanoma cell line after drug treatments. The models can be efficiently trained to describe cellular behavior accurately. Even though completely data driven and independent of prior knowledge, the resulting de novo network models recapitulate some known interactions. The approach is readily applicable to various kinetic models of cell biology. A record of this paper's Transparent Peer Review process is included in the Supplemental Information.

15.
Macromol Biosci ; : e2000336, 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346401

RESUMO

Bone defects remains a challenge for surgeons. Bone graft scaffold can fill the defect and enhance the bone regeneration. Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is an allogeneic bone graft substitute, which can only be used as a filling material rather than a structural bone graft. Coating of the scaffolds with nanoscale DBM may enhance the osteoinductivity or osteoconductivity. Herein the lyophilization method is presented to coat the nano-DBM on surface of the porous polycaprolactone (PCL)/ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) scaffolds fabricated by 3D printing technology. The morphology, elastic modulus, in vitro cell biocompatibility, and in vivo performance are investigated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) shows DBM particle clusters with size of 200-500 nm are observed on scaffolds fibers after coating. MC3T3-E1 cells on nano-DBM coated PCL/ß-TCP scaffold show better activity than on PCL/ß-TCP scaffold. In vivo tests show better infiltration of new bone tissue in nano-DBM coated PCL/ß-TCP scaffold than PCL/ß-TCP scaffold via the interface. These results show the presence of nano-DBM coating on PCL/ß-TCP scaffold could enhance the attachment, proliferation, and viability of cells and benefit for the new bone formation surrounding and deep inside the scaffolds. Nano-DBM could potentially be used as a new kind of biomaterial for bone defect treatment.

16.
Int Wound J ; 2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314661

RESUMO

We aimed to explore the mechanism of circular RNAs (circRNAs) and provide potential biomarkers for molecular therapy of diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Gene expression profile of GSE114248, including five normal samples and five DFU samples, was downloaded from GEO database. Differentially expressed circRNAs (DEcircRNAs) between two groups were identified. Then, DEcircRNA-miRNA and miRNA-mRNA interaction was revealed, followed by the circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network construction. Moreover, functional and pathway analysis were performed based on mRNAs, followed by the DM-related pathway exploration. Specific binding sites for key circRNAs and associated miRNAs were under investigation. Finally, RT-qPCR was used to verify the candidate the relative expression level of circRNA between normal tissues and DFU. Totally, 65 DEcircRNAs were revealed between two groups, followed by 113 circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interactions explored. The mRNAs in these interactions were mainly assembled in functions like cell proliferation and pathways. Moreover, a total of 11 DM-related pathways were revealed. Finally, circRNA-miRNA specific binding-site analysis revealed two key circRNAs, for example, circRNA_072697 and circRNA_405463, corresponding to their miRNAs. These two circRNAs were novel biomarkers for DFU. circRNA_072697 acted as a sponge of miR-3150a-3p in the progression of DFU via regulating KRAS. MAPK signaling pathway might contribute to the development of DFU.

17.
Sci Adv ; 6(50)2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310848

RESUMO

Osteoporotic fractures are prevalent in society, and their incidence appears to be increasing as the worldwide population ages. However, conventional bone repair materials hardly satisfy the requirements for the repair of pathological fractures. Here, we developed a biomimetic polyetherketoneketone scaffold with a functionalized strontium-doped nanohydroxyapatite coating for osteoporotic bone defect applications. The scaffold has a hierarchically porous architecture and mechanical strength similar to that of osteoporotic trabecular bone. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that the scaffold could promote osteoporotic bone regeneration and delay adjacent bone loss via regulating both osteoblasts and osteoclasts. In addition, the correlations between multiple preimplantation and postimplantation parameters were evaluated to determine the potential predictors of in vivo performance of the material. The current work not only develops a promising candidate for osteoporotic bone repair but also provides a viable approach for designing other functional biomaterials and predicting their translational value.

18.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 581915, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177984

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia induces neuronal cell death and causes various kinds of brain dysfunction. Therefore, prevention of neuronal cell death is most essential for protection of the brain. On the other hand, it has been reported that epigenetics including DNA methylation plays a pivotal role in pathogenesis of some diseases such as cancer. Accumulating evidences indicate that aberrant DNA methylation is related to cell death. However, DNA methylation after cerebral ischemia has not been fully understood yet. The aim of this present study was to investigate the relationships between DNA methylation and neuronal cell death after cerebral ischemia. We examined DNA methylation under the ischemic condition by using transient middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R) model rats and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-treated cortical neurons in primary culture. In this study, we demonstrated that DNA methylation increased in these neurons 24 h after MCAO/R and that DNA methylation, possibly through activation of DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) 3a, increased in such neurons immediately after NMDA treatment. Furthermore, NMDA-treated neurons were protected by treatment with a DNMT inhibitor that were accompanied by inhibition of DNA methylation. Our results showed that DNA methylation would be an initiation factor of neuronal cell death and that inhibition of such methylation could become an effective therapeutic strategy for stroke.

19.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 382, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154780

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a serious public health problem in China. The mortality rate associated with the majority of cancer types has decreased as a result of targeted therapy. However, the mortality rates associated with hepatocellular carcinoma have not improved; therefore, the identification of new molecular targets is required for the development of novel targeted therapies. In the present study, a new molecular target, Rhophilin Rho GTPase-binding protein 2 (RHPN2), was identified. The levels of RHPN2 protein in tumor tissues were assessed via immunohistochemistry, while the mRNA levels were analyzed via reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Additionally, cell viability was tested via MTT analysis. RHPN2 expression was upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues compared with that of matched adjacent normal tissues. More importantly, low expression of RHPN2 in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma was associated with an improved prognosis rate compared with patients with high expression. Downregulation of RHPN2 reduced the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and increased the rate of apoptosis, whereas overexpression of RHPN2 demonstrated the opposite effects. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1α was implicated in the mechanism of RHPN2. Overall, these data indicated that overexpression of RHPN2 may promote hepatocellular carcinoma.

20.
Regen Biomater ; 7(5): 505-514, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149939

RESUMO

Various surface bioactivation technology has been confirmed to improve the osteogenic ability of porous titanium (pTi) implants effectively. In this study, a three-layered composite coating, i.e. outer layer of hydroxyapatite (HA), middle layer of loose titanium dioxide (L-TiO2) and inner layer of dense TiO2 (D-TiO2), was fabricated on pTi by a combined processing procedure of pickling, alkali heat (AH), anodic oxidation (AO), electrochemical deposition (ED) and hydrothermal treatment (HT). After soaking in simulated body fluid for 48 h, the surface of the AHAOEDHT-treated pTi was completely covered by a homogeneous apatite layer. Using MC3T3-E1 pro-osteoblasts as cell model, the cell culture revealed that both the pTi without surface treatment and the AHAOEDHT sample could support the attachment, growth and proliferation of the cells. Compared to the pTi sample, the AHAOEDHT one induced higher expressions of osteogenesis-related genes in the cells, including alkaline phosphatase, Type I collagen, osteopontin, osteoclast inhibitor, osteocalcin and zinc finger structure transcription factor. As thus, besides the good corrosion resistance, the HA/L-TiO2/D-TiO2-coated pTi had good osteogenic activity, showing good potential in practical application for bone defect repair.

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