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Molecules ; 24(11)2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174300

RESUMO

In this study, two phenol compounds, magnolol and honokiol, were extracted from Magnolia officinalis and identified by LC-MS, 1H- and 13C-NMR. The magnolol and honokiol were shown to be effective against seven pathogenic fungi, including Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl, Penicillium expansum (Link) Thom, Alternaria dauci f.sp. solani, Fusarium moniliforme J. Sheld, Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl., Valsa mali Miyabe & G. Yamada, and Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn, with growth inhibition of more than 57%. We also investigated the mechanisms underlying the potential antifungal activity of magnolol and honokiol. The results showed that they inhibited the growth of A. alternata in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, magnolol and honokiol treatment resulted in distorted mycelia and increased the cell membrane permeability of A. alternata, as determined by conductivity measurements. These results suggest that magnolol and honokiol are potential antifungal agents for application against plant fungal diseases.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/farmacologia , Magnolia/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Alternaria/efeitos dos fármacos , Alternaria/patogenicidade , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Magnolia/química , Tabaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Tabaco/microbiologia
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