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1.
Onco Targets Ther ; 14: 5169-5182, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720592

RESUMO

Purpose: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is widely recognised to cause various tumours, and EBV-associated gastric carcinoma (EBVaGC) is a special type of GC. It has obviously different clinical features and pathological manifestations from EBV-negative gastric carcinoma, but its progression remains elusive. The underlying cancer progression of viral infection detected by genome-wide transcriptome analysis has been demonstrated in numerous diseases. Methods: We performed comparative RNA sequencing to identify gene expression signatures between GC and EBVaGC cell lines. The differentially expressed (DE) genes were analysed using gene ontology and pathway enrichment. Results: A total of 4438 DE mRNAs, 3650 DE long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and 248 DE circular RNAs (circRNAs) were detected in GC cells after EBV infection, most of which were highly related to oncogenesis. Likewise, EBV-coding RNA and non-coding RNA were also well-supplemented in EBVaGC. According to bioinformatics, DE mRNAs may contribute to the completion of EBV-infected host cells and modulate mitosis. Binding to actin and participating in adherens junctions to promote contact between the virus and cells are a potential function of DE lncRNAs. The roles of DE circRNAs were enriched in DNA repair and protein modification, and a typical example of this is acting as an miRNA sponge. The establishment of a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network helps to determine the key elements in the progression of EBVaGC. Conclusion: This study is the first to systematically reveal the transcriptome landscape of EBVaGC, which will provide an essential resource for genomic, genetic, and molecular mechanisms in the future.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 756975, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776974

RESUMO

Liuweiwuling Tablet (LWWL) is a licensed Chinese patent medicine (approval number: Z20060238) included in the national health insurance for anti-inflammation of chronic HBV infection, whereas its anti-HBV effect remains clarification. The study aimed to clarify its antiviral effect and related mechanisms. HepG2.2.15 cells (wild-type HBV-replicating cells) and HepG2. A64 cells (entecavir-resistant HBV-replicating cells) were used for in vitro test. Hydrodynamic injection-mediated HBV-replicating mouse model was used for in vivo test. Active compounds and related mechanisms for antiviral effect of LWWL were analyzed using network pharmacology and transcriptomics. The inhibition rates of LWWL (0.8 mg/ml) on HBV DNA, HBsAg, and pgRNA were 57.06, 38.55, and 62.49% in HepG2.2.15 cells, and 51.57, 17.57, and 53.88% in HepG2. A64 cells, respectively. LWWL (2 g kg-1 d-1 for 4 weeks)-treated mice had 1.16 log10 IU/mL decrease of serum HBV DNA, and more than 50% decrease of serum HBsAg/HBeAg and hepatic HBsAg/HBcAg. Compared to tenofovir control, LWWL was less effective in suppressing HBV DNA but more effective in suppressing HBV antigens. Thirteen differentially-expressed genes were found in relation to HBV-host interaction and some of them were enriched in interferon (IFN)-ß pathway in LWWL-treated HepG2.2.15 cells. CD3+CD4+ T-cell frequency and serum IFN-γ were significantly increased in LWWL-treated mice compared to LWWL-untreated mice. Among 26 compounds with potential anti-HBV effects that were predicted by network pharmacology, four compounds (quercetin, luteolin, wogonin, and kaempferol) were experimentally confirmed to have antiviral potency. In conclusion, LWWL had potent inhibitory effect on both wild-type and entecavir-resistant HBV, which might be associated with increasing IFN-ß and IFN-γ production.

3.
Front Nutr ; 8: 769181, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805250

RESUMO

This study aimed to extract polysaccharides from pumpkin, characterize the structures of four of them, and evaluate their in vitro antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities. Additionally, an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was established and used to determine their hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects in vivo, and the underlying mechanisms related to the regulation of gut microbiota. Water-extracted crude pumpkin polysaccharides (W-CPPs), water extraction and alcohol precipitation crude pumpkin polysaccharides (WA-CPPs), deproteinized pumpkin polysaccharides (DPPs), and refined pumpkin polysaccharides (RPPs) were sequentially extracted and purified from pumpkin powder by hot water extraction, water extraction, and alcohol precipitation, deproteinization and DEAE-52 cellulose gel column, respectively. The extraction and purification methods had significant influence on the extraction yield, physicochemical properties, and in vitro antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities. W-CCP and RPPs had a significant positive free radical-scavenging capacities and inhibitory activities on α-glucosidase and α-amylase. RPP-3 not only inhibited the uptake of glucose in Caco-2 monolayer but also promoted the excretion of glucose, while RPP-2 had no inhibitory effect. Animal experiment results showed that W-CPP treatment significantly improved the T2DM symptoms in mice, which included lowering of fasting blood glucose (FBG), reducing insulin resistance (IR), and lowering of blood lipid levels. It increased the diversity of intestinal flora and reduced the harmful flora of model mice, which included Clostridium, Thermoanaerobe, Symbiotic bacteria, Deinococcus, Vibrio haematococcus, Proteus gamma, and Corio. At the family level, W-CPP (1,200 mg/kg) treatment significantly reduced the abundance of Erysipelotrichaceae, and the Akkermanaceae of Verrucobacterium became a biomarker. Pumpkin polysaccharides reshaped the intestinal flora by reducing Erysipelotrichaceae and increasing Akkermansia abundance, thereby improving blood glucose and lipid metabolism in the T2DM mice. Our results suggest that W-CCP and RPP-3 possess strong antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities, and are potential candidates for food additives or natural medicines.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748150

RESUMO

Distilled grain waste (DGW) can be converted to organic fertilizer via aerobic composting process without inoculating exogenous microorganisms. To illustrate the material conversion mechanism, this study investigated the dynamic changes of bacterial community structure and metabolic function involved in DGW composting. Results showed that a significant increase in microbial community alpha diversity was observed during DGW composting. Moreover, unique community structures occurred at each composting stage. The dominant phyla were Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteriota, Bacteroidota, Myxococcota, and Chloroflexi, whose abundance varied according to different composting stages. Keystone microbes can be selected as biomarkers for each stage, and Microbispora, Chryseolinea, Steroidobacter, Truepera, and Luteimonas indicating compost maturity. Co-occurrence network analysis revealed a significant relationship between keystone microbes and environmental factors. The carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism were confirmed as the primary metabolic pathways by metabolic function profiles. Furthermore, nitrogen metabolism pathway analysis indicated that denitrification and NH3 volatilization induced higher nitrogen loss during DGW composting. This study can provide new understanding of the microbiota for organic matter and nitrogen conversion in the composting process of DGW.

5.
BMJ Open ; 11(11): e049742, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782340

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Follow-up care is important for gastric cancer survivors, but follow-up strategies for gastric cancer survivors remain inconsistent, and compliance of gastric cancer survivors with follow-up care is very low. Understanding the needs and preferences of gastric cancer survivors is conducive to developing appropriate and acceptable follow-up strategies, thereby improving patient compliance. Discrete choice experiments can quantify individual needs and preferences. However, to date, there is no discrete choice experiment on the preferences of gastric cancer survivors, and no studies have examined how gastric cancer survivors make choices based on different characteristics of follow-up. This paper outlines an ongoing discrete choice experiment that aims to (1) explore follow-up service-related characteristics that may affect gastric cancer survivors' choices about their follow-up, (2) elicit how gastric cancer survivors consider the trade-offs among different follow-up service options using discrete choice experiment, (3) determine whether gastric cancer survivors' needs and preferences for follow-up vary due to the economy, politics, technology and culture in different regions. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Six attributes were developed through a literature review, semistructured interviews and experts and focus group discussions. A fractional factorial design was used to evaluate the interaction between attributes. A multiple logit model will be used to understand the trade-off between the follow-up characteristics of gastric cancer survivors. A mixed logit model will be used to explore the willingness to pay and uptake rate of gastric cancer survivors for follow-up attributes and further explore the preferences of different groups. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by the ethics committee of the School of Nursing, Jilin University. The results of this study will be shared through online blogs, policy briefs, seminars and peer-reviewed journal articles and will be used to modify the current strategy of gastric cancer survivors' follow-up services according to economic development and regional culture.

6.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783157

RESUMO

Significant achievements have been made in breeding programs for the heavy panicle-type (HPT) rice (Oryza sativa) in Southwest China. The HPT varieties now exhibit excellent lodging resistance, allowing them to overcome the greater pressures caused by heavy panicles. However, the genetic mechanism of this lodging resistance remains elusive. Here, we isolated a major quantitative trait locus, Panicle Neck Diameter 1 (PND1), and identified the causal gene as GRAIN NUMBER 1A/CYTOKININ OXIDASE 2 (Gn1A/OsCKX2). The null gn1a allele from rice line R498 (gn1a R498 ) improved lodging resistance through increasing the culm diameter and promoting crown root development. Loss of function of Gn1a/OsCKX2 led to cytokinin accumulation in the crown root tip and accelerated the development of adventitious roots. Gene pyramiding between the null gn1a R498 allele with two gain-of-function alleles, STRONG CULM 2 (SCM2) and SCM3, further improved lodging resistance. Moreover, Gn1a/OsCKX2 had minimal influence on overall rice quality. Our research thus highlights the distinct genetic components of lodging resistance of HPT varieties and provides a strategy for tailor-made crop improvement of both yield and lodging resistance in rice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 1060, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750358

RESUMO

NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the post-transcriptional regulation of NLRP3 expression by miRNA in synovial macrophages is still not well understood. The aim of the study is to elucidate the mechanisms of RA with the focus on miRNAs mediated post-transcriptional regulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Here, we used NLRP3-deficient mice (NLRP3KO) to cross with TNFα-transgenic mice (TNFTG) to generate NLRP3KO/TNFTG mice, and compared their joint phenotypes with those of their TNFTG and wild-type (WT) littermates at 5 months of age. In comparison to WT mice, articular bone volume and cartilage area are decreased, whereas inflammed area, eroded surface, ALP+ osteoblast number, TRAP+ osteoclast number, and the areas of RelA+F4/80+, Caspase-1+F4/80+, IL-1ß+F4/80+ synoviocytes are increased in the TNFTG mice. Knockout of NLRP3 ameliorates joint inflammation and bone damage in TNFTG mice. Further, in TNFα-primed BMDMs, RelA positively regulates NLRP3 expression, but negatively regulates miR-30a. Additionally, miR-30a negatively mediates NLRP3 expression by directly binding to its 3' UTR, suggesting a miR-30a-mediated feedforward loop acting on NLRP3. Finally, intra-articular injection of AAV-miR-30a inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation, reduces joint inflammation, and attenuates bone damage in TNFTG mice. Thus, RelA/miR-30a/NLRP3 signal axis is involved in RA through regulating NLRP3 Inflammasome in macrophages.

8.
Chem Biodivers ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761863

RESUMO

Dodecyl tannin derivative linked with 1,2,3-triazole was prepared by the click reaction of dodecyl azide and alkynylated tannin. The structure of tannin derivative was identified by FT-IR spectrometer and elemental analyzer, and the surface activity, antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity of tannin derivative were studied. The surface tension of tannin derivative was significantly reduced because of the introduction of long chain alkyl groups, and the lowest surface tension was 38.87 mN/m at 1.0 mg/mL. The tannin derivative had strong ability to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical, the scavenging rate could reach 89.08% at 0.25 mg/mL. The tannin derivative exhibited strong antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus due to the increased fat-solubility of tannin derivative and the introduction of antibacterial triazol groups in molecular structure of tannin derivative, and the bacteriostatic ratio of tannin derivative against E. coli and S. aureus were 92.16% and 89.21% at 2.0 mg/mL, respectively. The tannin derivative can be used as good candidates for antibacterial packaging or antioxidant supplements.

9.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684728

RESUMO

As one of the most important energy storage devices, dielectric capacitors have attracted increasing attention because of their ultrahigh power density, which allows them to play a critical role in many high-power electrical systems. To date, four typical dielectric materials have been widely studied, including ferroelectrics, relaxor ferroelectrics, anti-ferroelectrics, and linear dielectrics. Among these materials, linear dielectric polymers are attractive due to their significant advantages in breakdown strength and efficiency. However, the practical application of linear dielectrics is usually severely hindered by their low energy density, which is caused by their relatively low dielectric constant. This review summarizes some typical studies on linear dielectric polymers and their nanocomposites, including linear dielectric polymer blends, ferroelectric/linear dielectric polymer blends, and linear polymer nanocomposites with various nanofillers. Moreover, through a detailed analysis of this research, we summarize several existing challenges and future perspectives in the research area of linear dielectric polymers, which may propel the development of linear dielectric polymers and realize their practical application.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651221

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the association of cardiac fibroblast activation with clinical parameters and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging parameters in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). METHODS: Thirteen CTEPH patients were prospectively enrolled. All of the patients underwent cardiac 68Gallium-labelled fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (68 Ga-FAPI-04)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), right heart catheterisation, and echocardiography, and 11 of them additionally underwent CMR. Thirteen control subjects were selected to establish the normal range of cardiac 68 Ga-FAPI-04 uptake. Cardiac 68 Ga-FAPI-04 uptake higher than that in the blood pool was defined as abnormal. The global and segmental maximum standardised uptake values (SUVmax) of the right ventricle (RV) were measured and further expressed as target-to-background ratio (TBRRV) with left ventricular lateral wall activity as background. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was visually evaluated, and native-T1 times, enhanced-T1 times, and extracellular volume (ECV) were quantitatively measured. RESULTS: Ten CTEPH patients (77%) had abnormal 68 Ga-FAPI-04 uptake in RV, mainly located in the free wall, which was significantly higher than that in controls (TBRRV: 2.4 ± 0.9 vs 1.0 ± 0.1, P < 0.001). The TBRRV correlated positively with the thickness of RV wall (r = 0.815, P = 0.001) and inversely with RV fraction area change (RVFAC) (r = - 0.804, P = 0.001) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) (r = - 0.678, P = 0.011). No correlation was found between 68 Ga-FAPI-04 activity and CMR imaging parameters. CONCLUSION: Fibroblast activation in CTEPH, measured by 68 Ga-FAPI-04 imaging, is mainly localised in the RV free wall. Enhanced fibroblast activation reflects the thickening of the RV wall and decreased RV contractile function.

11.
Mater Horiz ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668508

RESUMO

We demonstrate proof-of-concept refractive-index structures with large refractive-index-gradient profiles, using a micro-contact photothermal annealing (µCPA) process to pattern organic/inorganic hybrid materials comprising titanium oxide hydrate within a poly(vinyl alcohol) binder. A significant refractive index modulation of up to Δn ≈ +0.05 can be achieved with µCPA within less than a second of pulsed lamp exposure, which promises the potential for a high throughput fabrication process of photonic structures with a polymer-based system.

12.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(27): 8127-8134, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) encompasses a spectrum of cardiovascular emergencies arising from the obstruction of coronary artery blood flow and acute myocardial ischemia. Recent studies have revealed that thyroid function is closely related to ACS. However, only a few reports of thyrotoxicosis-induced ACS with severe atherosclerosis have been reported. CASE SUMMARY: A 33-year-old man, who had a history of hyperthyroidism without taking any antithyroid drugs and no history of coronary heart disease, experienced neck pain with occasional heart palpitations starting 3 mo prior that were aggravated after an activity. As the symptoms worsened at 21 d prior, he went to a hospital for treatment. The electrocardiogram examination showed a multilead ST segment elevation and pathological Q waves. Based on these findings and his symptoms, the patient was diagnosed with a suspected myocardial infarction and transferred to our hospital on July 2, 2020. He was diagnosed with a rare case of ACS due to coronary artery atherosclerosis in the anterior descending artery complicated by hyperthyroidism. A paclitaxel-coated drug balloon was used for treatment to avoid the use of metal stents, thus reducing the time of antiplatelet therapy and facilitating the continued treatment of hyperthyroidism. The 9-mo follow-up showed favorable results. CONCLUSION: This case highlights that atherosclerosis is a cause of ACS that cannot be ignored even in a patient with hyperthyroidism.

13.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(11): e24038, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617636

RESUMO

Laryngeal carcinoma (LC) is a common head and neck cancer, which is the result of mutational changes due to gene dysregulation and etiological factors such as tobacco and smoking. A large number of patients received a poor prognosis due to diagnosis at an advanced stage. This highlights the need for definitive, early, and efficient diagnoses. With rapid development of high-throughput sequencing, circular RNA (circRNA) has been reported to play a pivotal role in cancer. CircRNA functions as a microRNA (miRNA) sponge in the regulation of mRNA expression, forming circRNA-miRNA regulatory axis. In this review, we described the axis in LC. The result indicated that CDR1as, hsa_circ_0042823, hsa_circ_0023028, circPARD3, hsa_circ_103862, hsa_circ_0000218, circMYLK, circCORO1C, hsa_circ_100290, circ-CCND1, hsa_circ_0057481, circFLAN, and circRASSF2 expressed higher in LC, whereas, hsa_circ_0036722 and hsa_circ_0042666 expressed lower. The circRNAs regulated the target genes by sponging miRNAs and contributed to the pathogenesis of LC.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 50(42): 15224-15232, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623362

RESUMO

A series of new organic hybrid polyoxovanadate clusters [V4O4(µ-OH)2(acac)2(Htri)2] (1, H3tri = tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethane, acac = acetylacetone), [V4O4(acac)2(Htri)2(L)2] {HL = methanol (2), ethanol (3a and 3b), ethylene glycol (4) and benzyl alcohol (5)}, {V4O4(H2O)2(tri-acetamide)2(CH3COO)2} (6, H3tri-acetamide = N-(2-hydroxy-1,1-bis-hydroxymethyl-ethyl)-acetamide), [V6O8(µ-OH)2(Htri)3]·6H2O (7) and [V14O18(tri)2(Htri)6(HCOO)(CH3COO)]·2H2O (8) were prepared by hydro(solvo)thermal methods and characterized structurally. 1 contains [VO(OH)(acac)] and [VO2(Htri)] units, which are further interconnected via common edges to build a tetravanadyl cluster [V4O4(OH)2(acac)2(Htri)2] with the double-deficient cube [V4O6]. The tetravanadyl cluster frameworks of 2-5 can be derived from the tetravanadyl cluster of 1 by replacing two -OH groups with two deprotonated organic alcohol ligands, namely, CH3O- (2), CH3CH2O- (3a and 3b), HO(CH2)2O- (4) and C6H5CH2O- (5). Interestingly, both 3a and 3b have the same chemical structure, but they exhibit different conformational polymorphisms [denoted as α-type (3a) and ß-type (3b)]. Such conformational polymorphisms within the polyoxovanadate clusters incorporating tris(hydroxymethyl)methane derivatives emerged for the first time. 6 displays another tetravanadyl cluster {V4O4(H2O)2(tri-acetamide)2(CH3COO)2} with a [V4O16] fragment, where the tri-acetamide unit comes from the amidation reaction of H3tri and acetic acid and caps the tetrahedral void of the tetravanadyl cluster. The polyoxovanadate cluster of 7 can originate from the Lindqvist-type hexavanadyl cluster [V6O19] by replacing nine µ-oxides with nine alkoxides of three tri-acetamide3- ligands. 8 exhibits a fully reduced tetradecavanadyl cluster based on the linkage of two heptavanadyl clusters via two O bridges. The magnetic properties of 1-8 show typical antiferromagnetic interactions.

15.
Theor Appl Genet ; 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689213

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: qGSN5, a novel quantitative trait locus coordinating grain size and grain number in rice, was fine-mapped to an 85.60-kb region. GS3 may be a suppressor of qGSN5. Grain size and grain number are two factors that directly determine rice grain yield; however, the underlying genetic mechanisms are complicated and remain largely unclear. In this study, a chromosome segment substitution line (CSSL), CSSL28, which showed increased grain size and decreased grain number per panicle, was identified in a set of CSSLs derived from a cross between 93-11 (recipient) and Nipponbare (donor). Four substitution segments were identified in CSSL28, and the substitution segment located on chromosome 5 was responsible for the phenotypes of CSSL28. Thus, we defined this quantitative trait locus (QTL) as grain size and grain number 5 (qGSN5). Cytological and quantitative PCR analysis showed that qGSN5 regulates the development of the spikelet hull by affecting cell proliferation. Genetic analysis showed that qGSN5 is a semi-dominant locus regulating grain size and grain number. Through map-based cloning and overlapping substitution segment analysis, qGSN5 was finally delimited to an 85.60-kb region. Based on sequence and quantitative PCR analysis, Os05g47510, which encodes a P-type pentatricopeptide repeat protein, is the most likely candidate gene for qGSN5. Pyramiding analysis showed that the effect of qGSN5 was significantly lower in the presence of a functional GS3 gene, indicating that GS3 may be a suppressor of qGSN5. In addition, we found that qGSN5 could improve the grain shape of hybrid rice. Together, our results lay the foundation for cloning a novel QTL coordinating grain size and grain number in rice and provide a good genetic material for long-grain hybrid rice breeding.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502540

RESUMO

The functionalization of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is an important strategy for broadening its application fields. In the present work, MCC was functionalized by phosphorylation reaction with phytic acid (PA) for enhanced flame retardancy. The conditions of phosphorylation reaction including PA concentration, MCC/PA weight ratio and temperature were discussed, and the thermal degradation, heat release and char-forming properties of the resulting PA modified MCC were studied by thermogravimetric analysis and pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry. The PA modified MCC, which was prepared at 90 °C, 50%PA and 1:3 weight ratio of MCC to PA, exhibited early thermal dehydration with rapid char formation as well as low heat release capability. This work suggests a novel strategy for the phosphorylation of cellulose using PA and reveals that the PA phosphorylated MCC can act as a promising flame retardant material.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Ácido Fítico/química , Celulose/metabolismo , Retardadores de Chama , Temperatura Alta , Estrutura Molecular , Fosforilação , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Temperatura , Têxteis/análise , Termogravimetria/métodos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523088

RESUMO

The effects of Na-montmorillonite (Na-Mt) content and curing age on enzyme-induced carbonate precipitation (EICP)-treated soil were studied. First, the effects of Na-Mt addition on the urease activity, Ca2+ precipitation rate, and pH of the solution were analyzed through tube tests. Then, Na-Mt-modified EICP was used to reinforce silty sand in the Yellow River flooding area in China. The solidification effect and action mechanism of Na-Mt were investigated via the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) test, calcium carbonate content (CCC) measurement, X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscope analyses, wherein soil treated by conventional EICP and soil treated with Na-Mt alone were considered the control group. Na-Mt improved the urease activity and Ca2+ precipitation rate, lowered the pH, increased the CaCO3 production through chelation, then regulated the morphology of the CaCO3 crystals and facilitated the formation of densely aggregated calcite. The CCC and mechanical parameters increased rapidly during the first 7 days of curing, and then slowed down. The incorporation of 8% Na-Mt enhanced the UCS and Ca2+ utilization ratio at curing age of 7 days by 1.4 and 2.72 times, respectively, compared with that of traditional EICP; and the optimal Na-Mt content was identified to be 8%. At Na-Mt contents lower than 8%, the mathematically expressed improvement effect of the Na-Mt-modified EICP on the soil strength was greater than the arithmetic sum of that when these two approaches applied individually; this result confirms that the Na-Mt-modified EICP technique proposed herein is an efficient approach for solidifying fine-grained soil.

19.
Head Neck ; 43(12): 3820-3831, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) play an important role in carcinogenesis. The landscape of eRNAs in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains largely unknown. METHODS: The eRNA expression matrix was obtained from the enhancer RNA in the cancer database. Functional enrichment analyses were performed using Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Prognostic eRNAs were identified using Cox regression analysis, and a prognostic prediction model was constructed based on coefficients. RESULTS: KEGG analysis showed that eRNA-related transcription factors were mainly enriched in herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) infection. The zinc finger (ZNF) family may play an essential role in HNSCC. ENSR00000188847, ENSR00000250663, ENSR00000313345, ENSR00000317887, and ENSR00000336429 were identified. The prediction model was robust. CONCLUSIONS: We constructed a robust 5-eRNA prognostic prediction model, and these eRNAs are potential biomarkers for HNSCC prognosis.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Prognóstico , RNA , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética
20.
Cell Transplant ; 30: 9636897211045970, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586883

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the function of CLPTM1L in oral squamous cell carcinoma and mechanism of tumorigenesis. The expression of CLPTM1L was detected by immunohistochemistry. The localization in cells was detected by immunofluorescence. Cell invasion, proliferation, and migration were detected by transwell, CCK-8 and scratch-wound test. The possible characteristics of CLPTM1L were analysed in TCGA, GO, KEGG and String databases. IHC revealed that the expression of CLPTM1L in 92 cases of OSCC tissues was significantly higher (P < 0.01) than 29 cases of normal oral epithelium tissues. The expression of CLPTM1L was significantly higher in oral squamous cell carcinoma in TCGA database. CLPTM1L expression was not significantly correlated with the patients' clinical parameters. High expression of CLPTM1L was associated with worse prognosis. Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the CLPTM1L expression was the significant risk factor. CLPTM1L was mainly localized in the perinuclear cytoplasm. The vitro studies revealed that the knockdown of CLPTM1L suppressed invasion, proliferation and migration. CLPTM1L related genes were enriched in protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum, protein folding, endoplasmic reticulum formation, N-glycan biosynthesis, and protein hydroxylation. Highly expressed CLPTM1L may contribute to a poor prognosis and increase invasion, proliferation and migration of oral squamous cell carcinoma. CLPTM1L may play an important role in tumorgenesis and would be a valuable target gene for the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

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