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1.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(2): 216-229, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33785093

RESUMO

Continuous delayed endothelium regeneration and continues thrombosis development designate a task for coronary artery stent rehabilitation. To progress the direct vascular cell behavior, aneurysms treatments and compatibility of cardiovascular implants novel copper intercalated polyurethane heparin/poly-L-lysine chelates treated stent has established in this report. The functional group modifications, structural characteristics, and stability of the chelates have investigated for polyurethane heparin: poly-L-lysine, copper intercalated polyurethane heparin/poly-L-lysine coated stents. The FTIR results showed the copper intercalation at 446 cmr and the Cu 2s peak at 932 eV from XPS also indicated that the successful coating of copper, polyurethane heparin, poly-L-lysine. The relative surface geomorphology of the chelates displayed the uniform Cu coating consisting of multilayer poly-L-lysine on the substrate. The stability and biocompatibility studies indicated the significantly enhanced performance with clot the APTT and TT periods as clotting and cell proliferation assessments. This type of composite proposes a stage on a stent external area for discerning track of vascular cell performance and aneurysms treatments with low side effects.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Nanopartículas , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Cobre , Vasos Coronários , Heparina , Humanos , Adesividade Plaquetária , Polilisina , Poliuretanos , Stents
2.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both one-stage [laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) plus laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE)] and two-stage [endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) followed by sequential LC] approaches are effective treatment for concomitant common bile duct (CBD) stones and gallstone. Although many studies compared one-stage with two-stage surgical approach for cholecysto-choledocholithiasis, there are very few studies compared the two management strategies for acute cholecystitis (AC) associated with CBD stones. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2019, patients with concomitant AC and CBD stones proposed to early surgery were retrospectively studied. The patients were scheduled to undergo either the one-stage [LCBDE and LC (LCBDE+LC) were undertaken at the same operation] or two-stage [preoperative ERCP for CBD stone clearance was followed by LC 1-3 days later (pre-ERCP+LC)] procedure. The success rate of complete stone clearance, procedure-related complication, hospital stay, hospitalization charges and later biliary complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Sixty patients were included in the study, 28 in the one-stage group and 32 in the two-stage group. There was no significant difference in the success rate of complete stone clearance (96.4% vs. 93.8%, P = 1.000), complication rate (10.7% vs. 9.4%, P = 1.000), incidence of pancreatitis (0 vs. 6.3%, P = 0.494) or length of hospital stay (12 ± 5 vs. 11 ± 4 days, P = 0.393) between the two groups. CONCLUSION: For patients with concomitant AC and choledocholithiasis proposed to early surgery, both the one-stage (LCBDE+LC) and two-stage (pre-ERCP+LC) approaches were acceptable and broadly comparable in achieving clearance of CBD stones.

3.
Plant Physiol ; 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743010

RESUMO

The plant hormone ethylene is important for the ripening of climacteric fruit, such as pear (Pyrus ussuriensis), and the brassinosteroid (BR) class of phytohormones affects ethylene biosynthesis during ripening via an unknown molecular mechanism. Here, we observed that exogenous BR treatment suppressed ethylene production and delayed fruit ripening, whereas treatment with a BR biosynthesis inhibitor promoted ethylene production and accelerated fruit ripening in pear, suggesting BR is a ripening suppressor. The expression of the transcription factor BRASSINAZOLE-RESISTANT 1PuBZR1 was enhanced by BR treatment during pear fruit ripening. PuBZR1 interacted with PuACO1, which converts 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) to ethylene, and suppressed its activity. BR-activated PuBZR1 bound to the promoters of PuACO1 and of PuACS1a, which encodes ACC synthase, and directly suppressed their transcription. Moreover, PuBZR1 suppressed the expression of transcription factor PuERF2 by binding its promoter, and PuERF2 bound to the promoters of PuACO1 and PuACS1a. We concluded that PuBZR1 indirectly suppresses the transcription of PuACO1 and PuACS1a through its regulation of PuERF2. Ethylene production and expression profiles of corresponding apple (Malus domestica) homologs showed similar changes following epibrassinolide treatment. Together, these results suggest that BR-activated BZR1 suppresses ACO1 activity and the expression of ACO1 and ACS1, thereby reducing ethylene production and suppressing fruit ripening. This likely represents a conserved mechanism by which BR suppresses ethylene biosynthesis during climacteric fruit ripening.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662630

RESUMO

Early detection and intervention are key strategies to reduce mortality, increase long-term survival and improve the therapeutic effects of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Herein, the isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) quantitative proteomic strategy was used to study the secretome in conditioned medium from HCC cancerous tissues, surrounding noncancerous and distal noncancerous tissues to identify diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for HCC. In total, 22 and 49 dysregulated secretory proteins were identified in the cancerous and surrounding noncancerous tissues compared with the distal noncancerous tissues. Among these proteins, carbonic anhydrase II (CA2) was identified to be significantly upregulated in the secretome of cancerous tissues; correspondingly, the serum concentrations of CA2 were remarkably increased in HCC patients than that in normal populations. Interestingly, a significant increase of serum CA2 in recurrent HCC patients after radical resection was also confirmed compared with HCC patients without recurrence, and the serum level of CA2 could act as an independent prognostic factor for time to recurrence (TTR) and overall survival (OS). Regarding the mechanism, the secreted CA2 enhances the migration and invasion of HCC cells by activating the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) pathway. Taken together, this study identified a novel biomarker for HCC diagnosis and prognosis and provided a valuable resource of HCC secretome for investigating serological biomarkers.

5.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710378

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain positive, oval-shaped, and non-flagellated bacterium, designated YIM S02566T, was isolated from alpine soil in Shadui Towns, Ganzi County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, PR China. Growth occurred at 23-35 °C (optimum, 30 °C) in the presence of 0.5-4% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1%) and at pH 7.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain YIM S02566T was most closely related to the genus Aestuariimicrobium, with Aestuariimicrobium kwangyangense R27T and Aestuariimicrobium soli D6T as its closest relative (sequence similarities were 96.3% and 95.4%, respectively). YIM S02566T contained LL-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall. MK-9(H4) was the predominant menaquinone. The major fatty acid patterns were anteiso-C15:0 (60.0%). The major polar lipid was DPG. The genome size of strain YIM S02566T was 3.1 Mb, comprising 3078 predicted genes with a DNA G + C content of 69.0 mol%. Based on these genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic evidences, strain YIM S02566T was identified as a novel species in the genus Aestuariimicrobium, for which the name Aestuariimicrobium ganziense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM S02566T (= CGMCC 1.18751 T = KCTC 49,477 T).

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 41-45, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645049

RESUMO

Drying is one of the most common unit operations in the production of traditional Chinese medicine. The drying process of traditional Chinese medicine materials is accompanied by the dynamic reduction of water content. As a key index to determine the end of the drying process, the moisture content of materials plays an important role in improving drying efficiency and saving energy. Recently, the drying process of traditional Chinese medicine is mostly monitored by offline detection, and there are few reports of online moisture detection applications. In this paper, the principle and current application of online inspection technology for the material drying process in different fields were introduced. The significance of online detection technology in drying of traditional Chinese medicine was also analyzed. Meanwhile, the application prospect of online detection technology in the field of drying of traditional Chinese medicine was predicted. In response to urgent transformation and upgrading of the traditional Chinese medicine manufacturing industry, the application of online moisture detection technology is expected to be a key breakthrough in the intelligent upgrading of traditional Chinese medicine drying technology and equipment.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Dessecação , Controle de Qualidade , Tecnologia Farmacêutica
7.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713028

RESUMO

Excessive glutamate leading to excitotoxicity worsens brain damage after SAH and contributes to long-term neurological deficits. The drug ifenprodil is a non-competitive antagonist of GluN1-GluN2B N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, which mediates excitotoxic damage in vitro and in vivo. Here, we show that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glutamate level within 48 h was significantly elevated in aSAH patients who later developed poor outcome. In rat SAH model, ifenprodil can improve long-term sensorimotor and spatial learning deficits. Ifenprodil attenuates experimental SAH-induced neuronal death of basal cortex and hippocampal CA1 area, cellular and mitochondrial Ca2+ overload of basal cortex, blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage, and cerebral edema of early brain injury. Using in vitro models, ifenprodil declines the high-concentration glutamate-mediated intracellular Ca2+ increase and cell apoptosis in primary cortical neurons, reduces the high-concentration glutamate-elevated endothelial permeability in human brain microvascular endothelial cell (HBMEC). Altogether, our results suggest ifenprodil improves long-term neurologic deficits through antagonizing glutamate-induced excitotoxicity.

9.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559831

RESUMO

Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI), and no vaccine against LRTI has proven to be safe and effective in infants. Our study assessed attenuated recombinant RSVs as vaccine candidates to prevent RSV infection in mice. The constructed recombinant plasmids harbored (5' to 3') a T7 promoter, hammerhead ribozyme, RSV Long strain antigenomic cDNA with cold-passaged (cp) mutations or cp combined with temperature-sensitive attenuated mutations from the A2 strain (A2cpts) or further combined with SH gene deletion (A2cptsΔSH), HDV ribozyme (δ), and a T7 terminator. These vectors were subsequently co-transfected with four helper plasmids encoding N, P, L, and M2-1 viral proteins into BHK/T7-9 cells, and the recovered viruses were then passaged in Vero cells. The rescued recombinant RSVs (rRSVs) were named rRSV-Long/A2cp, rRSV-Long/A2cpts, and rRSV-Long/A2cptsΔSH, respectively, and stably passaged in vitro, without reversion to wild type (wt) at sites containing introduced mutations or deletion. Although rRSV-Long/A2cpts and rRSV-Long/A2cptsΔSH displayed  temperature-sensitive (ts) phenotype in vitro and in vivo, all rRSVs were significantly attenuated in vivo. Furthermore, BALB/c mice immunized with rRSVs produced Th1-biased immune response, resisted wtRSV infection, and were free from enhanced respiratory disease. We showed that the combination of ΔSH with attenuation (att) mutations of cpts contributed to improving att phenotype, efficacy, and gene stability of rRSV. By successfully introducing att mutations and SH gene deletion into the RSV Long parent and producing three rRSV strains, we have laid an important foundation for the development of RSV live attenuated vaccines.

10.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 115, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite several RNA-Seq and microarray studies on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between high- and low-abdominal fat deposition in different broiler lines, to our knowledge, gene coexpression analysis across multiple broiler lines has rarely been reported. Here, we constructed a consensus gene coexpression network focused on identifying consensus gene coexpression modules associated with abdominal fat deposition across multiple broiler lines using two public RNA-Seq datasets (GSE42980 and GSE49121). RESULTS: In the consensus gene coexpression network, we identified eight consensus modules significantly correlated with abdominal fat deposition across four broiler lines using the consensus module analysis function in the weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) package. The eight consensus modules were moderately to strongly preserved in the abdominal fat RNA-Seq dataset of another broiler line (SRP058295). Furthermore, we identified 5462 DEGs between high- and low-abdominal fat lines (FL and LL) (GSE42980) and 6904 DEGs between high- and low-growth (HG and LG) (GSE49121), including 1828 overlapping DEGs with similar expression profiles in both datasets, which were clustered into eight consensus modules. Pyruvate metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, and steroid biosynthesis were significantly enriched in the green, yellow, and medium purple 3 consensus modules. The PPAR signaling pathway and adipocytokine signaling pathway were significantly enriched in the green and purple consensus modules. Autophagy, mitophagy, and lysosome were significantly enriched in the medium purple 3 and yellow consensus modules. CONCLUSION: Based on lipid metabolism pathways enriched in eight consensus modules and the overexpression of numerous lipogenic genes in both FL vs. LL and HG vs. LG, we hypothesize that more fatty acids, triacylglycerols (TAGs), and cholesterol might be synthesized in broilers with high abdominal fat than in broilers with low abdominal fat. According to autophagy, mitophagy, and lysosome enrichment in eight consensus modules, we inferred that autophagy might participate in broiler abdominal fat deposition. Altogether, these studies suggest eight consensus modules associated with abdominal fat deposition in broilers. Our study also provides an idea for investigating the molecular mechanism of abdominal fat deposition across multiple broiler lines.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555476

RESUMO

Large amounts of water-based drilling cuttings (WDC) would be generated during the drilling of shale gas wells, which would occupy land resources and pose significant threat to soil and groundwater environment. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using WDC as a replacement of natural clay to prepare sintered bricks. To determine the optimum preparation condition, the weight loss on ignition, bulk density, water absorption, and compressive strength of the samples were tested. Meanwhile, the environmental performance of the final products was evaluated and micro-analysis was conducted via X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that using WDC to manufacture sintered bricks was technically feasible, but the physical mechanical performance would significantly decrease with the increase of the replacement ratio because of the presence of less silica and excessive calcium. The addition of waste glass and fly ash could promote the generation of molten glassy phase and form the crystal particle bonding structure, which would contribute to the physical-mechanical performance of WDC sintered bricks. Some mineral components in raw materials decomposed and formed minerals with better thermal stability during the sintering process. Under the optimum preparation conditions (mass ratio of WDC: waste glass: fly ash at 40:20:40, sintering temperature at 900 °C, and insulation time at 2 h), the physical-mechanical and environmental performance of WDC sintered bricks could meet the requirements of corresponding Chinese standards and ASTM standards. Thus, in this study, an effective solution to recycle WDC from shale gas development is provided.

12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(1): 67-70, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of fire needling stripping after local anesthesia, simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy on verruca vulgaris. METHODS: A total of 900 patients with verruca vulgaris were randomized into a fire needling stripping group (300 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a fire needling group (300 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (300 cases, 5 cases dropped off). After local anesthesia of compound lidocaine cream, fire needling therapy was adopted, and the necrotic tissue of verruca was stripped in the fire needling stripping group. Simple fire needling therapy was adopted in the fire needling group, without local anesthesia and stripping. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy was adopted in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group. The treatment was given once a week, and totally 3 weeks were required in the 3 groups. The skin lesion scores of number, area, thickness, color, pruritus, isomorphism and the level of T lymphocyte (CD+3、CD+4、CD+8、CD+4/ CD+8) in peripheral blood were observed before and after treatment, and the adverse reaction was recorded in the 3 groups. Five weeks after treatment, the therapeutic effect was evaluated. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the skin lesion scores were decreased (P<0.05), the levels of T lymphocyte in peripheral blood were increased in the 3 groups (P<0.05). After treatment, all the items of the skin lesion score in the fire needling stripping group were lower than those in the fire needling group and the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (P<0.05), the levels of T lymphocyte in peripheral blood were higher than those in the fire needling group and the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (P<0.05); all the items of the skin lesion score in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group were lower than those in the fire needling group (P<0.05). At the follow-up, the total effective rate was 88.6% (264/298) in the fire needling stripping group, which was superior to 81.4% (241/296) in the fire needling group and 81.4% (240/295) in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (P<0.05). The cases of infection, causalgia and cicatrix in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group were more than those in the fire needling stripping group and the fire needling group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Fire needling stripping after local anesthesia can effectively treat the verruca vulgaris, improve the skin lesion and immunity, its therapeutic effect is superior to simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local , Verrugas , Crioterapia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Verrugas/terapia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23978, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Medial compartment femoro-tibial osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disease and opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is the common surgical procedure carried out for these patients. While most researchers are focusing on the surgical techniques during operation, the aim of this study is to evaluate the pain control effect of femoral nerve block (FNB) for OWHTO patients. METHODS: In this prospective, single-center, randomized controlled trial (RCT) study, 41 patients were operated on by OWHTO for OA during 2017 to 2018. Twenty of them (group A) accepted epidural anesthesia with FNB and 21 patients (group B) only had their single epidural anesthesia. All blocks were successful and all the 41 patients recruited were included in the analysis and there was no loss to follow-up or withdrawal. Systematic records of visual analog scores (VAS), quadriceps strength, mean number of times of patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA), using of additional opioids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and complications were done after hospitalization. The Student t test and Chi-Squared test was used and all P values ≤.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: VAS scores at rest (3.48 ±â€Š1.0 vs 4.68 ±â€Š1.1) and on movemment (4.51 ±â€Š0.6 vs 4.97 ±â€Š0.8) decreased more in group A than group B with significance at follow-up of 12 hours. The quadriceps strength, consumption of additional opioids or NSAID injections and mean number of times that the patients pushed the PCIA button didnot differ significantly within each group. CONCLUSION: This RCT study shows that FNB in patients undergoing OWHTO for unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee could result in significant reduction in VAS scores at 12 hours postoperatively.Research registry, Researchregistry4792. Registered April 7, 2019 - Retrospectively registered, http://www.researchregistry.com.


Assuntos
Nervo Femoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Bloqueio Nervoso/normas , Manejo da Dor/normas , Tíbia/cirurgia , Feminino , Nervo Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/estatística & dados numéricos , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Osteotomia/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(1): 013301, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514218

RESUMO

Solenoids are frequently used for focusing low-energy beams. In this paper, we show how they can serve as multipurpose diagnostics tools to measure various beam parameters, including energy, emittance, the second moments of the transverse distribution, and the beam position and angle with respect to the solenoid's axis. The energy measurement is based on rotation of the plane of the transverse motion, as opposed to generating dispersion with a dipole. Measurement of the beam trajectory with respect to the solenoid axis is done by analyzing the beam orbit downstream of the solenoid while varying its current. The second moments are calculated by analyzing the beam image on a profile monitor while accounting for the beam rotation caused by the solenoid. We describe in detail the corresponding procedures and the experimental results of these measurements.

15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(3): 1568-1582, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410581

RESUMO

The pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic liver microenvironment facilitates hepatocarcinogenesis. However, the effects and mechanisms by which the hepatic fibroinflammatory microenvironment modulates intrahepatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and its response to systematic therapy remain largely unexplored. We established a syngeneic orthotopic HCC mouse model with a series of persistent liver injury induced by CCl4 gavage, which mimic the dynamic effect of hepatic pathology microenvironment on intrahepatic HCC growth and metastasis. Non-invasive bioluminescence imaging was applied to follow tumour progression over time. The effect of the liver microenvironment modulated by hepatic injury on sorafenib resistance was investigated in vivo and in vitro. We found that the persistent liver injury facilitated HCC growth and metastasis, which was positively correlated with the degree of liver inflammation rather than the extent of liver fibrosis. The inflammatory cytokines in liver tissue were clearly increased after liver injury. The two indicated cytokines, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), both promoted intrahepatic HCC progression via STAT3 activation. In addition, the hepatic inflammatory microenvironment contributed to sorafenib resistance through the anti-apoptotic protein mediated by STAT3, and STAT3 inhibitor S3I-201 significantly improved sorafenib efficacy impaired by liver inflammation. Clinically, the increased inflammation of liver tissues was accompanied with the up-regulated STAT3 activation in HCC. Above all, we concluded that the hepatic inflammatory microenvironment promotes intrahepatic HCC growth, metastasis and sorafenib resistance through activation of STAT3.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260319

RESUMO

Promoting patient safety culture (PSC) is a critical issue for healthcare providers. Quality control circles program (QCCP) can be used as an effective tool to foster long-lasting improvements on the quality of medical institution. The effect of QCCP on PSC is still unknown. This was a retrospective study conducted with matching data. A safety attitudes questionnaire (SAQ) was used for the evaluation of PSC. The association between all scores of six subscales of SAQ and the participation QCCP were analyzed with both the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. A total of 2718 valid questionnaires were collected. Most participants of QCCP were females (78.9%), nurses (52.6%), non-supervisors (92.2%), aged <40 years old (64.8%), degree of specialist or university graduates (78%), and with work experience of <10 years (61.6%). Of all participants, the highest scores were in the dimension of safety climate (74.11 ± 17.91) and the lowest scores in the dimension of working conditions (68.90 ± 18.84). The participation of QCCP was associated with higher scores in four dimensions, namely: teamwork climate (p = 0.006), safety climate (p = 0.037), perception of management (p = 0.009), and working conditions (p = 0.015). The participation or not of QCCP had similar results in the dimension of job satisfaction and stress recognition. QCCP was associated with SAQ in subjects with the following characteristics: female, nurse, non-supervisor, aged >50 years old, higher education degrees and with longer working experiences in the hospital. In this first study on the association between each dimension of SAQ and the implementation of QCCP, we found that QCCP interventions were associated with better PSC. QCCP had no benefits in the dimensions of job satisfaction and stress recognition.

18.
Funct Plant Biol ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278909

RESUMO

The succulent xerophyte Zygophyllum xanthoxylum (Bunge) Engl. can absorb Na+ from the soil as an osmoticum in order to resist osmotic stress. The tonoplast Na+/H+ antiporter ZxNHX1 is essential for maintaining the salt-accumulation characteristics of Z. xanthoxylum by compartmentalizing Na+ into vacuoles. Previous results revealed that the silencing of ZxNHX1 greatly decreased Na+ accumulation in Z. xanthoxylum under 50 mM NaCl due to the weakened compartmentalisation; in addition, K+ concentration also significantly reduced in ZxNHX1-RNAi lines. Yet, whether the reduction of K+ concentration was directly triggered by the silencing of ZxNHX1 remains unclear. In this study, the growth parameters and expression levels of ZxSOS1, ZxHKT1;1, ZxAKT1 and ZxSKOR were measured in wild-type and ZxNHX1-RNAi lines under control or -0.5 MPa osmotic stress. The results showed that the silencing of ZxNHX1 inhibited the plant growth, decreased Na+ concentration in leaves, reduced the transcript abundance of ZxSOS1 and dramatically increased that of ZxHKT1;1 in roots of Z. xanthoxylum under osmotic stress; whereas tissue K+ concentrations and the expression level of ZxSKOR displayed no significant variations, and the expression of ZxAKT1 were significantly reduced in ZxNHX1-RNAi lines under osmotic stress, compared with the wild type. These results suggest that in Z. xanthoxylum, ZxNHX1 can maintain the normal growth by compartmentalizing Na+ into vacuoles, and regulate the spatial distribution of Na+ indirectly by affecting the expressions of ZxSOS1 and ZxHKT1;1. Moreover, the silencing of ZxNHX1 is not the main reason that led to the reduction of K+ concentration in ZxNHX1-RNAi lines under 50 mM NaCl, and ZxNHX1 might be indirectly involved in regulating K+ homeostasis.

19.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820983793, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered the main cause of cancer recurrence and metastasis, and DNA methylation is involved in the maintenance of CSCs. However, the methylation profile of esophageal CSCs remains unknown. METHODS: Side population (SP) cells were isolated from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines KYSE150 and EC109. Sphere-forming cells were collected from human primary esophageal cancer cells. SP cells and sphere-forming cells were used as substitutes for cancer stem-like cells. We investigated the genome-wide DNA methylation profile in esophageal cancer stem-like cells using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS). RESULTS: Methylated cytosine (mC) was found mostly in CpG dinucleotides, located mostly in the intronic, intergenic, and exonic regions. Forty intersected differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were identified in these 3 groups of samples. Thirteen differentially methylated genes with the same alteration trend were detected; these included OTX1, SPACA1, CD163L1, ST8SIA2, TECR, CADM3, GRM1, LRRK1, CHSY1, PROKR2, LINC00658, LOC100506688, and NKD2. DMRs covering ST8SIA2 and GRM1 were located in exons. These differentially methylated genes were involved in 10 categories of biological processes and 3 cell signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: When compared to non-CSCs, cancer stem-like cells have a differential methylation status, which provides an important biological base for understanding esophageal CSCs and developing therapeutic targets for esophageal cancer.

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