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1.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-9, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259609

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore levels of organizational commitment, job satisfaction and work engagement among community health-care workers in China, and to examine spatial relationships of variables. Data were collected by Organizational Commitment Scale, Job Satisfaction Scale and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale from 1404 community health-care workers in Guangzhou and Shenzhen cities. Structural equation model was used to analyze relationships among three variables. Medium levels of organizational commitment, job satisfaction and work engagement were found among community health-care workers. Organizational commitment was positively correlated to work engagement (r = 0.564) and job satisfaction (r = 0.550). The path analysis indicated that total effect (ß = 0.598) of organizational commitment on job satisfaction (R2 = 0.52) consisted of a direct effect (ß = 0.264) and an indirect effect (ß = 0.334), which was mediated positively by work engagement. Improvement in work engagement may lead to higher level of job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

2.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 12(11): 14872-86, 2015 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26610538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of workplace violence on job performance and quality of life of community healthcare workers in China, especially the relationship of these three variables. METHODS: From December 2013 to April 2014, a total of 1404 healthcare workers were recruited by using the random cluster sampling method from Community Health Centers in Guangzhou and Shenzhen. The workplace violence scale, the job performance scale and the quality of life scale (SF-36) were self-administered. The structural equation model constructed by Amos 17.0 was employed to assess the relationship among these variables. RESULTS: Our study found that 51.64% of the respondents had an experience of workplace violence. It was found that both job performance and quality of life had a negative correlation with workplace violence. A positive association was identified between job performance and quality of life. The path analysis showed the total effect (ß = -0.243) of workplace violence on job performance consisted of a direct effect (ß = -0.113) and an indirect effect (ß = -0.130), which was mediated by quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Workplace violence among community healthcare workers is prevalent in China. The workplace violence had negative effects on the job performance and quality of life of CHCs' workers. The study suggests that improvement in the quality of life may lead to an effective reduction of the damages in job performance caused by workplace violence.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência no Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recursos Humanos , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 12(9): 10897-909, 2015 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26404346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms reported in several studies; but few studies have concentrated on the male population, especially for the middle-aged and older men who are exposed to greater fatigue risk. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of fatigue and identify the risk factors of fatigue among men aged 45 and older in China. METHODS: This study was part of a cross-sectional study on community health in Shunde (Guangdong Province, China). A total sample of 1158 men aged 45 and older were included. Sociodemographic characteristics, health and lifestyle factors and the Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS) were measured by structured questionnaires through face-to-face interviews. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the risk factors of fatigue. RESULTS: Approximately 30% of participants experienced fatigue. Older age (≥75 years: adjusted OR 3.88, 95% CI 2.09-7.18), single marital status (1.94, 1.04-3.62), unemployed status (1.68, 1.16-2.43), number of self-reported chronic diseases (≥2 chronic diseases: 2.83, 1.86-4.31), number of individuals' children (≥4 children: 2.35, 1.33-4.15), hospitalization in the last year (1.61, 1.03-2.52) were all significantly associated with increased risk of fatigue, while regular exercise (0.46, 0.32-0.65) was a protective factor against fatigue. CONCLUSIONS: Fatigue was usual in males and several factors were associated with the fatigue. These findings may have implication in risk assessment of fatigue and help in developing and implementing targeted interventions in middle-aged and elderly males.


Assuntos
Fadiga/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Exercício , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
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