Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 79
Filtrar
1.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(10): 3055-3056, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589589

RESUMO

In this study, we sequenced the complete chloroplast genome of Lindera aggregate (Sims) Kosterm., an important Chinese herbal medicine. The complete chloroplast genome with a size of 152,714 bp in length, contained two inverted repeats (IRa and IRb) regions of 20,090 bp each, which were separated by a large single copy (LSC, 93,743 bp) regions and a small single copy (SSC, 18,791 bp) regions, the overall GC content was 42.84%. The chloroplast genome contained 122 genes, 77 protein-coding, 37 tRNA, and 8 rRNA genes. The phylogenetic tree showed that Lindera aggregate (Sims) Kosterm. has a close relationship with Lindera chuni.

2.
Food Res Int ; 148: 110570, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507724

RESUMO

Soybean milk is an economical substitute for dairy products. Pediococcus pentosaceus has been used as a food additive to improve taste, nutrition, and food safety. In this study, four P. pentosaceus strains (CICC 24444, QK-1, MQ-1 and RQ-1) isolated from various food sources and known to exhibit broad-spectrum antibacterial activities were used to ferment soybean milk, and their fermentation characteristics and the properties of the resulting beverages were evaluated. The results revealed that the P. pentosaceus strains can inhibited the growth of five types of pathogenic bacteria (Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype Enteritidis, Yersinia enterocolitica, Shigella dysenteriae, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus), and their in vitro survival rates in the simulated stomach and intestinal environments were above 90%, satisfying the probiotic requirements. Isomaltose oligosaccharide was used as a protective agent to resist low-temperature freeze-drying damage and ensure a high survival rate, and P. pentosaceus was directly injected into fermented soymilk. The acidification of fermented soybean milk was the weakest with P. pentosaceus QK-1, and the viable bacterial counts of all strains were stable after 28 days of storage. After fermentation, the antioxidant ability was enhanced. Arginine and ß-alanine levels increased after fermentation, and the adjunct culture of P. pentosaceus QK-1 increased proline levels. Our data indicate that P. pentosaceus QK-1 is a suitable strain for the development of functional plant-based beverages.


Assuntos
Pediococcus pentosaceus , Probióticos , Animais , Fermentação , Leite , Salmonella , Soja
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 587850, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349638

RESUMO

Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels & Gilg (T. hemsleyanum) has attracted much attention due to its ability on pneumonia, bronchitis, and immune-related diseases, while its functional components and underlying mechanism of action on pneumonia have not been fully elucidated. Herein, we used a systematic network pharmacology approach to explore the action mechanism of T. hemsleyanum leaf in the treatment of pneumonia. In this study, the results of network pharmacology demonstrated that there were 34 active components and 80 drug-disease targets in T. hemsleyanum leaf, which were strongly in connection with signal transduction, inflammatory response, and the oxidation-reduction process. Subsequently, a mouse model of pneumonia induced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) was established to validate the predicted results of network pharmacology. In the animal experiments, aqueous extract of T. hemsleyanum leaf (EFT) significantly attenuated the histopathological changes of lung tissue in P. aeruginosa-induced mice and reduced the number of bacterial colonies in BALFs by 96.84% (p < 0.01). Moreover, EFT treatment suppressed the increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-17, IL-6, and TNF-α in lung tissues triggered by P. aeruginosa, which led to the increase of Th17 cells (p < 0.05). High concentration of EFT treatment (2.0 g/kg) obviously increased the anti-inflammatory cytokine levels, accompanied by the enhancement of Treg proportion in a dose-dependent manner and a notable reversal of transcription factor RORγt expression. These findings demonstrated that network pharmacology was a useful tool for TCM research, and the anti-inflammatory effect of EFT was achieved by maintaining Th17/Treg immune homeostasis and thereby suppressing the inflammatory immune response.

4.
Front Public Health ; 9: 679406, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277546

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated the embryotoxicity and fetotoxicity of thallium (Tl). However, the effects of prenatal exposure to Tl on birth weight and placental weight and the mediating role of placental weight in the association of Tl with birth weight remain unclear. Methods: We recruited 2,748 participants from the ongoing Prenatal Environment and Offspring Health Cohort (PEOH Cohort) study, which was initiated in 2016 in Guangzhou, China. The Tl concentrations in maternal urine samples collected during the first and third trimester were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Birth weight and placental weight were extracted from maternal medical records. Results: Pregnant women exposed to the highest tertile of Tl in the first trimester (ß = -42.7 g, 95% CI: -82.3, -3.1 g) and third trimester (ß = -50.6 g, 95% CI: -99.0, -2.3 g) had babies with lower birth weights than those exposed to the lowest tertile. We also found significant negative associations of exposure to Tl concentrations in the first and third trimester with placental weight. Mediation analyses showed that 50.3% (95% CI: 15.9, 79.2%) and 33.5% (95% CI: 1.3, 80.3%) of the effects of Tl exposure in the first and third trimester on birth weight were mediated by decreased placental weight. Conclusion: Our results suggest that prenatal exposure to Tl is negatively associated with birth weight and that this association may be mediated by decreased placental weight.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Tálio , Peso ao Nascer , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Placenta , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Environ Res ; 200: 111457, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089745

RESUMO

Although strict lockdown measurements implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic have dramatically reduced the anthropogenic-based emissions, changes in air quality and its health impacts remain unclear in China. We comprehensively described air pollution during and after the lockdown periods in 2020 compared with 2018-2019, and estimated the mortality burden indicated by the number of deaths and years of life lost (YLL) related to the air pollution changes. The mean air quality index (AQI), PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2 and CO concentrations during the lockdown across China declined by 18.2 (21.2%), 27.0 µg/m3 (28.9%), 10.5 µg/m3 (18.3%), 8.4 µg/m3 (44.2%), 13.1 µg/m3 (38.8%), and 0.3 mg/m3 (27.3%) respectively, when compared to the same periods during 2018-2019. We observed an increase in O3 concentration during the lockdown by 5.5 µg/m3 (10.4%), and a slight decrease after the lockdown by 3.4 µg/m3 (4.4%). As a result, there were 51.3 (95%CI: 32.2, 70.1) thousand fewer premature deaths (16.2 thousand during and 35.1 thousand after the lockdown), and 1066.8 (95%CI: 668.7, 1456.8) thousand fewer YLLs (343.3 thousand during and 723.5 thousand after the lockdown) than these in 2018-2019. Our findings suggest that the COVID-19 lockdown has caused substantial decreases in air pollutants except for O3, and that substantial human health benefits can be achieved when strict control measures for air pollution are taken to reduce emissions from vehicles and industries. Stricter tailored policy solutions of air pollution are urgently needed in China and other countries, especially in well-developed industrial regions, such as upgrading industry structure and promoting green transportation.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , COVID-19 , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Pandemias , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 655231, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34179041

RESUMO

Background: The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has brought significant challenges to health system and consumed a lot of health resources. However, evidence on the hospitalization costs and their associated factors in COVID-19 cases is scarce. Objectives: To describe the total and components of hospitalization costs of COVID-19 cases, and investigate the associated factors of costs. Methods: We included 876 confirmed COVID-19 cases admitted to 33 designated hospitals from January 15th to April 27th, 2020 in Guangdong, China, and collected their demographic and clinical information. A multiple linear regression model was performed to estimate the associations of hospitalization costs with potential associated factors. Results: The median of total hospitalization costs of COVID-19 cases was $2,869.4 (IQR: $3,916.8). We found higher total costs in male (% difference: 29.7, 95% CI: 15.5, 45.6) than in female cases, in older cases than in younger ones, in severe cases (% difference: 344.8, 95% CI: 222.5, 513.6) than in mild ones, in cases with clinical aggravation than those without, in cases with clinical symptoms (% difference: 47.7, 95% CI: 26.2, 72.9) than those without, and in cases with comorbidities (% difference: 21.1%, 21.1, 95% CI: 4.4, 40.6) than those without. We also found lower non-pharmacologic therapy costs in cases treated with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy (% difference: -47.4, 95% CI: -64.5 to -22.0) than cases without. Conclusion: The hospitalization costs of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong were comparable to the national level. Factors associated with higher hospitalization costs included sex, older age, clinical severity and aggravation, clinical symptoms and comorbidities at admission. TCM therapy was found to be associated with lower costs for some non-pharmacologic therapies.

7.
Mol Divers ; 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105049

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has exerted positive effects in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. HuaShi XuanFei Formula (HSXFF) was developed to treat patients with mild and general COVID-19 in Zhejiang Province, China. The present study seeks to explore its potentially active compounds and pharmacological mechanisms against COVID-19 based on network pharmacology, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. All components of HSXFF were harvested from the pharmacology database of the TCMSP system. COVID-19-related targets were retrieved from using OMIM and GeneCards databases. The herb-compound-targets network was constructed by Cytoscape. The target protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, Gene Ontology (GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were performed to discover the potential key target genes and mechanism. The main active compounds of HSXFF were docked with 3C-like (3CL) protease hydrolase and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The MD simulation confirmed the binding stability of docking results. The herbs-targets network mainly contained 52 compounds and 70 corresponding targets, including key targets such as RELA, TNF, TP53, IL6, MAPK1, CXCL8, IL-1ß, and MAPK14. The GO and KEGG indicated that HSXFF may be mainly acting on the IL-17 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway, etc. The molecular docking results indicated that isovitexin and procyanidin B1 showed the highest affinity with 3CL and ACE2, respectively, which were confirmed by MD simulation. These findings suggested HSXFF exerted therapeutic effects involving "multi-compounds and multi-targets." It might be working through directly inhibiting the virus, improving immune function, and reducing the inflammatory in response to anti-COVID-19. In summary, the present study would provide a valuable direction for further research of HSXFF.

8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(14): e2100684, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028993

RESUMO

The interfacial instability of lithium (Li) metal is one of the critical challenges, which hinders the application of rechargeable Li metal batteries (LMBs). Designing facile and effective surface/interface is extremely important for practical LMBs manufacturing. Here, a highly stable Li anode with silver nanowires sowed in the patterned ditches via a simple calendaring process is developed. The remarkably increased electroactive surface area and the superior lithiophilic Ag seeds enable Li stripping/plating mainly inside the ditches. Benefitting from such unique structural design, the ditches-patterned and Ag-modified composite Li anode (D-Ag@Li) achieves excellent cyclability under 2 mA cm-2 / 4 mAh cm-2 over 360 h cycling with low nucleation overpotential of 16 mV. Pairing with the D-Ag@Li anode, the full cells with LiNi0.8 Mn0.1 Co0.1 O2 and LiFePO4 (LFP) cathodes achieve long cycle life with 94.2% retention after 2000 cycles and 74.2% after 4000 cycles, respectively. Moreover, ultrasonic transmission mapping shows no gas generation for the LFP pouch full cell pouch cell based on D-Ag@Li over prolonged cycling, demonstrating the feasibility and effectiveness of the authors' strategy for LMBs.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(26): 14313-14318, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33881222

RESUMO

The well-known "shuttle effect" of the intermediate lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) and low sulfur utilization hinder the practical application of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Herein, we describe a novel C60 -S supramolecular complex with high-density active sites for LiPS adsorption that was formed by a simple one-step process as a cathode material for Li-S batteries. Benefiting from the cocrystal structure, 100 % of the C60 molecules in the complex can offer active sites to adsorb LiPSs and catalyze their conversion. Furthermore, the lithiated C60 cores promote internal ion transport inside the composite cathode. At a low electrolyte/sulfur ratio of 5 µL mg-1 , the C60 -S cathode with a sulfur loading of 4 mg cm-2 exhibited a high capacity of 809 mAh g-1 (3.2 mAh cm-2 ). The development of the C60 -S supramolecular complex will inspire the invention of a new family of S/fullerenes as cathodes for high-performance Li-S batteries and extend the application of fullerenes.

10.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 85(7): 1772-1781, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904902

RESUMO

3-fucosyllactose (3-FL) and 2'-fucosyllactose (2'-FL), are two important fucosylated oligosaccharides in human milk. Extensive studies on 2'-FL enabled its official approval for use in infant formula. However, development of 3-FL has been somewhat sluggish due to its low content in human milk and poor yield in enlarged production. Here, an α-1,3-fucosyltransferase mutant was introduced into an engineered Escherichia coli (E. coli) capable of producing GDP-L-fucose, leading to a promising 3-FL titer in a 5.0-L bioreactor. To increase the availability of cofactors (NADPH and GTP) for optimized 3-FL production, zwf, pntAB, and gsk genes were successively overexpressed, finally resulting in a higher 3-FL level with a titer of 35.72 g/L and a yield of 0.82 mol 3-FL/mol lactose. Unexpectedly, the deletion of pfkA gene led to a much lower performance of 3-FL production than the control strain. Still, our strategy achieved the highest 3-FL level in E. coli to date.

11.
Environ Epidemiol ; 5(2): e139, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33870013

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) is an essential element and also toxic at an excessive level for human body. However, few studies have investigated adverse effects of Se exposure on birth weight and placental weight. Methods: All participants were selected from the Prenatal Environment and Offspring Health cohort conducted in 2016 in Guangzhou, China. Se in each participant was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in their urine samples. The urinary Se concentrations were corrected by creatinine and transformed by natural logarithm (ln-Se). Multiple-linear regression models were applied to estimate the associations among Se exposure levels, placenta weight, and birth weight. Results: A total of 2758 mother-newborn pairs were included in this study. Each interquartile range (0.53 µg/g creatinine) increment in urine ln-Se concentration during the first trimester was associated with a mean 21.7 g (95% CI = -41.3g to -2.1g) decrease in birth weight and 3.6g (95% CI = -6.3g to -0.9g) decrease in placental weight. Compared with the lowest quartile (Q1) of ln-Se concentrations during the first trimester, significantly lower birth weight was found in the highest quartile (Q4) (ß = -45.7g; 95% CI = -90.7g to -0.7g). Similar dose-response associations with birthweight and placental weight were found for Se exposure during the third trimester. Mediation analyses showed that 44.2% and 18.2% of the effects of Se exposure in first and third trimester on birth weight were mediated by decreased placental weight, respectively. Conclusion: Maternal Se exposure during pregnancy was negatively associated with birth weight, the reduction of placental weight may partially mediate the association of prenatal Se exposure with birth weight.

12.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 619412, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796007

RESUMO

Local activity metrics of resting-state functional MRI (RS-fMRI), such as the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF), fractional ALFF (fALFF), regional homogeneity (ReHo), and degree centrality (DC), are widely used to detect brain abnormalities based on signal fluctuations. Although signal changes with echo time (TE) have been widely studied, the effect of TE on local activity metrics has not been investigated. RS-fMRI datasets from 12 healthy subjects with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC) were obtained with a four-echo gradient-echo-planar imaging pulse sequence with the following parameters: repetition time/TE1/TE2/TE3/TE4 = 2,000/13/30.93/48.86/66.79 ms. Six representative regions were selected for simulating the spatial feature of TE dependency of local activity metrics. Moreover, whole-brain local activity metrics were calculated from each echo dataset and compared between EO and EC conditions. Dice overlap coefficient (DOC) was then employed to calculate the overlap between the T maps. We found that all the local activity metrics displayed different TE dependency characteristics, while their overall change patterns were similar: an initial large change followed by a slow variation. The T maps for local activity metrics also varied greatly with TE. For ALFF, fALFF, ReHo, and DC, the DOCs for voxels in four TE datasets were 6.87, 0.73, 5.08, and 0.93%, respectively. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that local metrics are greatly dependent on TE. Therefore, TE should be carefully considered for the optimization of data acquisition and multi-center data analysis in RS-fMRI.

13.
Adv Mater ; 33(12): e2007428, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543568

RESUMO

The short cycle life and safety concerns caused by uncontrollable dendrite growth have severely hindered the commercialization of lithium metal batteries. Here, a polycationic and hydrophobic polymer protective layer fabricated by a scalable tape-casting method is developed to enable air-stable, dendrite-free, and highly efficient Li metal anodes. The polymeric cations of poly(diallyl dimethyl ammonium) (PDDA) provide an electrostatic shielding effect that unifies Li+ flux at the surface of the Li anode and promotes a homogeneous Li plating, while the bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) anions bring hydrophobic characteristics and improve moisture stability. The accumulated TFSI anions by the polycationic film also facilitate the formation of a stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). Steady Li plating/stripping in the carbonate electrolyte can be achieved under a high areal capacity of 10 mAh cm-2 for 700 h with Li utilization efficiency up to 51.6%. LiNi0.8 Mn0.1 Co0.1 O2 and LiFePO4 cells using the modified anode exhibit much improved electrochemical performance compared with the bare Li counterpart. Moreover, ultrasonic imaging shows no gas generation in the modified Li/LiFePO4 pouch cell. Mechanism investigation demonstrates the stable SEI and homogeneous Li deposition derived by the polycationic layer.

14.
Plant Sci ; 303: 110752, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487340

RESUMO

Diacylglycerol acyltransferases (DGAT) catalyze the final committed step of de novo biosynthesis of triacylglycerol (TAG) in plant seeds. This study was to functionally characterize DGAT3 genes in Camelina sativa, an important oil crops accumulating high levels of unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) in seeds. Three camelina DGAT3 genes (CsDGAT3-1, CsDGAT3-2 and CsDGAT3-3) were identified, and the encoded proteins were predicted to be cytosolic-soluble proteins present as a homodimer containing the 2Fe-2S domain. They had divergent expression patterns in various tissues, suggesting that they may function in tissue-specific manner with CsDGAT3-1 in roots, CsDGAT3-2 in flowers and young seedlings, and CsDGAT3-3 in developing seeds. Functional complementation assay in yeast demonstrated that CsDGAT3-3 restored TAG synthesis. TAG content and UFAs, particularly eicosenoic acid (EA, 20:1n-9) were largely increased by adding exogenous UFAs in the yeast medium. Further heterogeneously transient expression in N. benthamiana leaves and seed-specific expression in tobacco seeds indicated that CsDGAT3-3 significantly enhanced oil and UFA accumulation with much higher level of EA. Overall, CsDGAT3-3 exhibited a strong abilty catalyzing TAG synthesis and high substrate preference for UFAs, especially for 20:1n-9. The present data provide new insights for further understanding oil biosynthesis mechanism in camelina seeds, indicating that CsDGAT3-3 may have practical applications for increasing both oil yield and quality.


Assuntos
Acil Coenzima A/metabolismo , Aciltransferases/genética , Camellia/genética , Genes de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Aciltransferases/metabolismo , Aciltransferases/fisiologia , Camellia/enzimologia , Camellia/fisiologia , Clonagem Molecular , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/metabolismo , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Organismos Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade por Substrato , Tabaco , Transcriptoma
15.
Food Res Int ; 138(Pt B): 109799, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288181

RESUMO

Lindera aggregata(L. aggregata) is a wild shrub growing in the forests of Southeast Asia, whose main bioactive constituents are isoquinoline alkaloids. They are widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries. The studies on the metabolites and biosynthesis pathways inL. aggregata remain poorly understood. Nine isoquinoline alkaloid compounds were identified by UPLC Triple TOF-MS/MS in this study. Except for N-methyllaurotetanine, most isoquinoline alkaloid compounds were widely distributed in various parts ofL. aggregata and accumulated preferentially in roots than in leaves. Transcriptome data showed that several isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthetic genes, such as TyrAT, PPO, TDC, and SOMT, were identified to play important roles in generating differential metabolites in roots and leaves ofL. aggregata. Concentration-dependent analgesic effects and toxic effects of them were demonstrated in zebrafish experiments, and the overall ranking was JRAL > TRAL > LAL. The results of this study would provide useful information for the synthesis mechanisms of isoquinoline alkaloids inL. aggregata, and provide valuable information for the application of traditional non-medicinal parts ofL. aggregata in food and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Lindera , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Metaboloma , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Transcriptoma , Peixe-Zebra/genética
16.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 786, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: WRKY transcription factors are a superfamily of regulators involved in diverse biological processes and stress responses in plants. However, there is limited knowledge about the WRKY family in camelina (Camelina sativa), an important Brassicaceae oil crop with strong tolerance for various stresses. Here, a genome-wide characterization of WRKY proteins is performed to examine their gene structures, phylogenetics, expression, conserved motif organizations, and functional annotation to identify candidate WRKYs that mediate stress resistance regulation in camelinas. RESULTS: A total of 242 CsWRKY proteins encoded by 224 gene loci distributed unevenly over the chromosomes were identified, and they were classified into three groups by phylogenetic analysis according to their WRKY domains and zinc finger motifs. The 15 CsWRKY gene loci generated 33 spliced variants. Orthologous WRKY gene pairs were identified, with 173 pairs in the C. sativa and Arabidopsis genomes as well as 282 pairs in the C. sativa and B. napus genomes, respectively. A total of 137 segmental duplication events were observed, but there was no tandem duplication in the camelina genome. Ten major conserved motifs were examined, with WRKYGQK being the most conserved, and several variants were present in many CsWRKYs. Expression analysis revealed that 50% more CsWRKY genes were expressed constitutively, and a set of them displayed tissue-specific expression. Notably, 11 CsWRKY genes exhibited significant expression changes in seedlings under cold, salt, and drought stresses, showing a preferentially inducible expression pattern in response to the stress. CONCLUSIONS: The present article describes a detailed analysis of the CsWRKY gene family and its expression profiles in 12 tissues and under several stress conditions. Segmental duplication is the major force underlying the broad expansion of this gene family, and a strong purifying pressure occurred for CsWRKY proteins during their evolution. CsWRKY proteins play important roles in plant development, with differential functions in different tissues. Exceptionally, eleven CsWRKYs, particularly five alternative spliced isoforms, were found to be the possible key players in mediating plant responses to various stresses. Overall, our results provide a foundation for understanding the roles of CsWRKYs and the precise mechanism through which CsWRKYs regulate high stress resistance as well as the development of stress tolerance cultivars among Cruciferae crops.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta , Proteínas de Plantas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
17.
Molecules ; 25(21)2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167310

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the stability and degradation kinetics of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac). The pH of the solution strongly influenced the stability of Neu5Ac, which was more stable at neutral pH and low temperatures. Here, we provide detailed information on the degradation kinetics of Neu5Ac at different pH values (1.0, 2.0, 11.0 and 12.0) and temperatures (60, 70, 80 and 90 °C). The study of the degradation of Neu5Ac under strongly acidic conditions (pH 1.0-2.0) is highly pertinent for the hydrolysis of polysialic acid. The degradation kinetics of alkaline deacetylation were also studied. Neu5Ac was highly stable at pH 3.0-10.0, even at high temperature, but the addition of H2O2 greatly reduced its stability at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 9.0. Although Neu5Ac has a number of applications in products of everyday life, there are no reports of rigorous shelf-life studies. This research provides kinetic data that can be used to predict product shelf lives at different temperatures and pH values.


Assuntos
Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Ácido N-Acetilneuramínico/química , Ácidos Siálicos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Cinética , Soluções , Temperatura , Termodinâmica , Água
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 10: 585198, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194823

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2015.00026.].

19.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(8): 1119-1126, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Danggui Niantong decoction (DGNTD) on cell apoptosis and TNF receptor super family 6 (Fas)/caspase-8 pathway in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS: FLS isolated from the synovial tissue of RA patients were cultured and identified using immunofluorescence staining. The cells were treated with 10% blank serum (blank control group), 10% sera containing low, moderate or high doses of DGNTD, or 20 µmol/mL KR-33493 (a Fas inhibitor) combined with 10% serum containing high-dose DGNTD. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of the cells after the treatments. Apoptosis of the cells was detected at 48 h in each group using Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry with annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of Fas, FADD, caspase-8 and caspase-3 in the cells at 48 h were detected using qPCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: Immunofluorescence staining identified the cultured cells as FLS. Treatment with DGNTD-containing sera significantly inhibited the proliferation of FLS, and the inhibitory effects were enhanced as the dose and intervention time increased (P < 0.05). Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry showed that the sera containing different doses of DGNTD significantly promoted apoptosis of FLS (P < 0.05). The expression levels of Fas, FADD, caspase-8, and caspase-3 at both mRNA and protein levels were significantly increased in the cells after treatment with different doses of DGNTD-containing sera (P < 0.05). The application of KR-33493 obviously reversed the effects of DGNTD on the FLS (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DGNTD can induce apoptosis of the FLS by activating Fas/caspase-8 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Sinoviócitos , Apoptose , Caspase 8 , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos , Membrana Sinovial
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(35): 39335-39341, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786252

RESUMO

Replacing organic porous separators with an inorganic solid-state electrolyte (SSE) is a promising strategy to suppress lithium dendrite and inhibit polysulfide dissolution in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. However, the realization of such a concept is still limited by the large interfacial resistance between SSE and lithium anode. Herein, a new electrolyte additive, copper fluoride (CuF2), is used in liquid electrolytes to construct a stable interphase between Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3 (LAGP) SSE and Li metal for a quasi-solid-state Li-S battery. A Li||Li symmetric cell with ultralong life over 1500 h (at 0.1 mA cm-2) proves the excellent stability of the as-formed interphase. As a result, the assembled Li-S full cell presents high coulombic efficiency and stable cycling (750 mA h g-1 after 50 cycles) at room temperature with lean liquid electrolytes. This strategy provides an effective method for improving the electrochemical performance of Li-S batteries.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...