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1.
J Int Med Res ; 49(4): 3000605211004702, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827322

RESUMO

Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid (PSCCT) is a rare and rapidly progressive malignancy that carries a poor prognosis. PSCCT is easily misdiagnosed as acute thyroiditis or as another thyroid malignancy. We have reported a 76-year-old woman who presented with progressive neck pain for 1 month. Thyroid function tests revealed subclinical thyrotoxicosis. Ultrasound disclosed a solid nodule with calcification in the right thyroid lobe. Laboratory findings included neutrophilic leukocytosis and an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The patient's condition was diagnosed as subacute thyroiditis, and she was treated with cefixime and ibuprofen. However, her treatment response was poor. She was then treated with oral prednisone. Her neck pain gradually resolved. The patient subsequently developed dysphagia, choking, dyspnea, and dysphonia with an insidious onset. Further examinations including computed tomography and painless gastroscopy revealed that the volume of the thyroid gland had increased significantly, extending to the anterior superior mediastinum. The trachea and esophagus were stenotic because of external compression. Partial thyroidectomy and tracheotomy were performed under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The diagnosis of PSCCT was established via histopathology and immunohistochemistry.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bibliometric analysis can analyze development trends and predict research hotspots. We used these analyses to better understand pregnancy-related implications of thyroid diseases. METHODS: Publications on thyroid diseases during pregnancy from 1926 to hitherto were retrieved based on the Web of Science database. The publications and references, the institutions and countries, the journals, the keywords and citations, were analyzed by utilizing VOSviewer, CiteSpace and CitNetExplorer. RESULTS: A total of 3310 publications were retrieved and were cited 87913 times. The United States took the dominant position in outputs and collaborations. Harvard University had the most articles 86, which also had the highest h-index 30. Thyroid ranked first with 201 publications and Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism had the highest h-index 67. Among the 49 burst keywords, "antibody" had the longest burst period from 1991 to 2012, "thyroxine" had the strongest burst strength 16.7026, "hypothyroxinemia" appeared most recently in 2018. The most frequent keyword was "pregnancy" occurred 1324 times. All the top 98 frequent keywords were clustered into 4 clusters. The citation network visualization was grouped into 8 groups. CONCLUSION: The research focus of thyroid diseases in pregnancy ranged from clinical thyroid dysfunction to milder thyroid dysfunction. Guidelines published by the American Thyroid Association enacted a crucial purpose in the treatment and development of thyroid diseases during pregnancy. Some randomized controlled studies of unresolved problems and long-term follow-up of offspring may be the direction of future research. In the meantime, bibliometric methods can help scholars choose journals, track research hotspots, and identify the direction or focus of future research.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(1): 1644-1650, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390003

RESUMO

With the extensive use of palladium derivatives in the industry, their environmental pollution has become more and more serious. Herein, allyl functionalized hydrazone 2D COFs (XB-COFs) were found for selective fluorescent detection of Pd2+ (detection concentration of 0.29 µM) in water. The stable structure of the hydrazone bond and the complexation ability of allyl to Pd2+ cause XB-COF to have a good fluorescence sensing effect in both acid and alkaline solutions, and its adsorption capacity for Pd2+ is up to 120 mg g-1. During the interaction between XB-COF and Pd2+, a part of Pd2+ can be reduced to Pd nanoparticles with a diameter of about 10 nm. A fluorescent test paper was prepared by the in situ growth of XB-COF onto a filter paper, which can realize visualization detection of Pd2+ in 10 s with the naked eye or under a 365 nm UV lamp. This is the first time a fluorescent test paper based on in the situ growth of COFs has been applied for the detection of heavy metal ions, which provides a new platform for the application of COF materials in the medical health field, food safety, and environmental protection.

4.
Planta ; 253(2): 33, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459875

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: A novel inducible secretion system mutation in Sorghum named Red root has been identified. The mutant plant root exudes pigmented compounds that enriches Actinobacteria in its rhizosphere compared to BTx623. Favorable plant-microbe interactions in the rhizosphere positively influence plant growth and stress tolerance. Sorghum bicolor, a staple biomass and food crop, has been shown to selectively recruit Gram-positive bacteria (Actinobacteria) in its rhizosphere under drought conditions to enhance stress tolerance. However, the genetic/biochemical mechanism underlying the selective enrichment of specific microbial phyla in the sorghum rhizosphere is poorly known due to the lack of available mutants with altered root secretion systems. Using a subset of sorghum ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) mutant lines, we have isolated a novel Red root (RR) mutant with an increased accumulation and secretion of phenolic compounds in roots. Genetic analysis showed that RR is a single dominant mutation. We further investigated the effect of root-specific phenolic compounds on rhizosphere microbiome composition under well-watered and water-deficit conditions. The microbiome diversity analysis of the RR rhizosphere showed that Actinobacteria were enriched significantly under the well-watered condition but showed no significant change under the water-deficit condition. BTx623 rhizosphere showed a significant increase in Actinobacteria under the water-deficit condition. Overall, the rhizosphere of RR genotype retained a higher bacterial diversity and richness relative to the rhizosphere of BTx623, especially under water-deficit condition. Therefore, the RR mutant provides an excellent genetic resource for rhizosphere-microbiome interaction studies as well as to develop drought-tolerant lines. Identification of the RR gene and the molecular mechanism through which the mutant selectively enriches microbial populations in the rhizosphere will be useful in designing strategies for improving sorghum productivity and stress tolerance.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Secreção Bacterianos , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Sorghum , Bactérias/genética , Sistemas de Secreção Bacterianos/genética , Mutação , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Sorghum/genética , Sorghum/microbiologia
5.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 6439614, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294056

RESUMO

Interleukin-18 (IL-18) belongs to the IL-1 family and is an essential proinflammatory and immune regulatory cytokine. The present study was designed to investigate the expression and function of IL-18 in colon cancer. In clinical analyses, mRNA and protein expressions of IL-18 were decreased in tissues of colon cancer patients. This decreased expression of IL-18 was significantly correlated with the tumor size (P = 0.001) and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage (P = 0.013). Patients with IL-18-positive tumors had a better survival rate than patients with IL-18-negative tumors. Moreover, upregulation of IL-18 inhibited colon cancer cell proliferation. Our data suggest that the decreased expression of IL-18 in colon cancer was associated with prognosis and tumor proliferation. IL-18 may be considered a novel tumor suppressor and a potential therapeutic target for colon cancer patients.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21223, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33277541

RESUMO

To build a risk prediction model of gestational diabetes mellitus using nomogram to provide a simple-to-use clinical basis for the early prediction of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study is a prospective cohort study including 1385 pregnant women. (1) It is showed that the risk of GDM in women aged ≥ 35 years was 5.5 times higher than that in women aged < 25 years (95% CI: 1.27-23.73, p < 0.05). In the first trimester, the risk of GDM in women with abnormal triglyceride who were in their first trimester was 2.1 times higher than that of lipid normal women (95% CI: 1.12-3.91, p < 0.05). The area under the ROC curve of the nomogram of was 0.728 (95% CI: 0.683-0.772), the sensitivity and specificity of the model were 0.716 and 0.652, respectively. This study provides a simple and economic nomogram for the early prediction of GDM risk in the first trimester, and it has certain accuracy.

8.
Chemosphere ; : 128863, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199106

RESUMO

The global water pollution is caused by the increase of industrial and agricultural activities, which have produced various toxic pollutants. Pollutants in water generally consist of metal ions, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), oil spills, organic dyes, and other organic pollutants. Amongst the adsorbents that have been developed to deal with pollutants in water, Zr-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have drawn scientists' great attention due to their excellent stability and adjustable functionalization. Herein, the present review article introduces the synthetic methods of functionalized Zr-based MOFs and summarizes their applications in water pollution treatment. It also clarifies the interactions and removal mechanisms between pollutants and Zr-based MOFs. The use of these MOFs with eminent adsorption ability and recycling performance have been discussed in detail. Zr-based MOFs also face some challenges such as high cost, lack of real water environment applications, selective removal of pollutants, and low ability to remove composite pollutants. Future research should focus on addressing these issues. Although there is still a blank of the practical utility of Zr-based MOFs on a commercial scale, the research reported to date clearly shows that they are very promising materials for the water treatment.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23067, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157965

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known endocrine-disrupting chemical which can cause potential health risks and interfere with thyroid hormones through multiple avenues. This study aimed to evaluate the hotspots and emerging trends on BPA and thyroid hormones by using a bibliometric method.Publications related on BPA and thyroid hormones were downloaded from Science Citation Index-Expanded database. Annual outputs, high yield journals, countries, institutions, authors and their cited times were summarized. In addition, keywords co-occurrence, burst references and citation networks were bibliometric analyzed.From 2000 to 2019, 418 articles were published. Both of the Environment International and Environmental Health Perspectives, United States, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Antonia M. Calafat were the most recorded journals, countries, institutions and authors, respectively. The main research area was Toxicology. In addition of the retrieve term "bisphenol-a" and "thyroid-hormone", "in-vitro", "exposure" and "endocrine disruptors", were the hotspot keywords and "triclosan", "oxidative stress" and "united-states" were the most recent trends keywords. "Thyroid hormone action is disrupted by Bisphenol A as an antagonist" published on The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism by Kenji Moriyama in 2002 got both the highest burst score and citation score. Six groups were clustered and the mechanism of BPA's effect on thyroid hormones, and the exposure of BPA and potential risks in children and pregnant women were the two main large fields.The number of publications in the field of BPA and thyroid hormones has increased tremendously since 2000. The research hotspot ranged from mechanism researches in animal models to epidemiological studies. "Thyroid hormone action is disrupted by bisphenol A as an antagonist" of Kenji Moriyama provided important building blocks in the field. The impact of BPA on thyroid hormones, especially pregnant women and children, was the latest research frontiers and might be the future direction of this filed in the following years.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/efeitos adversos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/efeitos adversos , Fenóis/efeitos adversos , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Bibliometria , Criança , Gerenciamento de Dados , Disruptores Endócrinos/efeitos adversos , Disruptores Endócrinos/farmacologia , Feminino , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Fenóis/farmacologia , Gravidez , Tiroxina/efeitos dos fármacos , Tri-Iodotironina/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Talanta ; 218: 121140, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797897

RESUMO

Doping is often used to alter or improve the properties of nanomaterials. In this work, a novel glucose-based nitrogen-doped carbon dots (Glc-NCDs)-bonded silica stationary phase (Sil-Glc-NCDs) was synthesized and characterized carefully. Glc-NCDs were prepared using glucose and aspartic acid as carbon and nitrogen sources, and then grafted on silica surface via isocyanatopropyl as linker using deep eutectic solvents as reaction medium. The synthesis was confirmed by elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and microscopic imaging techniques. And then Sil-Glc-NCDs were packed in the stainless columns for hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC). Due to the synergistic effect between the functional groups of doped carbon dots, Sil-Glc-NCDs column showed enhanced separation selectivity compared with previous non-doped Sil-Glc-CDs column. Sil-Glc-NCDs column can be used for separation of base, nucleosides and antibiotics etc. This column was successfully applied to determine the content of roxithromycin in the capsule, which was found that the concentration was 2.45 mg/mL.

11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 491, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) have been associated with poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes. However, whether euthyroid women with anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) positivity have a higher risk of poor pregnancy and fetal outcomes is debatable. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association between TPOAb positivity and pregnancy-related and fetal outcomes in euthyroid women. METHODS: In total, 938 pregnant women participated in this prospective cohort study. The euthyroid group included 837 pregnant women and the TPOAb-positive group included 101 euthyroid pregnant women. Serum TPOAb, thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and free thyroxine (FT4) levels were assessed. Pregnancy and fetal outcomes included gestational diabetes mellitus, spontaneous abortion, premature rupture of membranes, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm birth, fetal distress, low birth weight, fetal macrosomia, and small for gestational age infant. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed TPOAb positivity was not associated with an increased risk of poor pregnancy or fetal outcomes in euthyroid women. However, TPOAb-positive euthyroid women pregnant with a female fetus were independently associated with preterm births (OR: 4.511, 95% CI: 1.075-18.926) after adjustment for potential confounding factors. CONCLUSIONS: TPOAb positivity was not found to be associated with poor pregnancy-related or fetal outcomes in euthyroid women. However, in euthyroid women with a female fetus, TPOAb positivity was strongly associated with preterm births. The risk of preterm birth in the euthyroid women with TPOAb positivity should be emphasized in clinical practice. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02966405 . Registered on October 24th 2016 - Retrospectively registered.

12.
Ann Med ; 52(7): 361-366, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comorbidities are commonly seen in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but the clinical implication is not yet well-delineated. We aim to characterize the prevalence and clinical implications of comorbidities in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: This is a retrospective multi-centre study involving patients admitted between January 16th and March 10th 2020. The composite endpoint was defined as the presence of at least one of the following, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, or the need for mechanical ventilation, or death. RESULTS: A total of 472 consecutive cases admitted to 51 certified COVID-19 tertiary care hospitals were enrolled (median age was 43 [32-53.5] years and 53.0% were male). There were 101 (21.4%) patients presented with comorbidities, including hypertension (15.0%), diabetes mellitus (7.8%), coronary artery disease (2.6%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (1.3%) and cerebrovascular disease (1.9%). The composite endpoint occurred in 65 (13.8%) patients. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis indicated that older age (odds ratio [OR] 1.39, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.85, per 10-year increment), antecedent hypertension (OR 2.82, 95% CI 1.09-7.29), neutrophil counts (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.14-1.56) and lactate dehydrogenase level (OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00-1.01) were independently associated with the presence of composite endpoint. Hypertensive patients, compared with controls, had a greater chance of experiencing the composite endpoint (p < .001) and each individual endpoint, i.e. ICU admission (p < .001), mechanical ventilation (p < .001) and death (p = .012). In the stepwise regression analysis of anti-hypertensive medications, none of the therapy predicted the composite endpoint. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension is a common comorbidity in patients with COVID-19 and associated with adverse outcomes. KEY MESSAGES Hypertension was identified as the comorbidity associated with the prognosis of COVID-19 in this retrospective cohort. Patients with hypertension could experience an increased risk of the composite endpoint. Anti-hypertensive therapy did not affect patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(5): 315-322, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553075

RESUMO

Objectives: This paper aimed to investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and explore the associated risk factors in a very elderly southwest Chinese population. Methods: From September 2015 to June 2016, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to obtain a representative sample of 1,326 participants over 80 years old living in Chengdu. The presence of DM was based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose (2-hPG) levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratios ( ORs) and 95% confidence intervals ( CIs) of the potential associated factors. Results: The participants' mean age was 83.5 ± 3.1 years. The overall prevalence of DM was 27.4%. The prevalence was higher in males (30.2%) than females (24.7%) ( P = 0.02). The prevalence of DM increased with body mass index (BMI) and decreased with aging. The multivariate analysis suggested that male sex ( OR = 1.433; 95% CI, 1.116-1.843), hypertension ( OR = 1.439; 95% CI, 1.079-1.936), overweight or obesity ( OR = 1.371; 95% CI, 1.023-1.834), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min; OR = 1.362; 95% CI, 1.063-1.746), and abdominal obesity ( OR = 1.615; 95% CI, 1.216-2.149) were all significantly positively correlated with DM. However, age was negatively correlated with DM ( OR = 0.952; 95% CI, 0.916-0.989). Conclusions: The prevalence of DM and newly diagnosed DM in a very elderly southwest Chinese population was high. OGTT screening should be performed regularly in people aged ≥ 80 years to ensure timely diagnosis of DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
15.
Autophagy ; : 1-19, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543313

RESUMO

NRBF2 is a component of the class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PtdIns3K) complex. Our previous study has revealed its role in regulating ATG14-associated PtdIns3K activity for autophagosome initiation. In this study, we revealed an unknown mechanism by which NRBF2 modulates autophagosome maturation and APP-C-terminal fragment (CTF) degradation. Our data showed that NRBF2 localized at autolysosomes, and loss of NRBF2 impaired autophagosome maturation. Mechanistically, NRBF2 colocalizes with RAB7 and is required for generation of GTP-bound RAB7 by interacting with RAB7 GEF CCZ1-MON1A and maintaining the GEF activity. Specifically, NRBF2 regulates CCZ1-MON1A interaction with PI3KC3/VPS34 and CCZ1-associated PI3KC3 kinase activity, which are required for CCZ1-MON1A GEF activity. Finally, we showed that NRBF2 is involved in APP-CTF degradation and amyloid beta peptide production by maintaining the interaction between APP and the CCZ1-MON1A-RAB7 module to facilitate the maturation of APP-containing vesicles. Overall, our study revealed a pivotal role of NRBF2 as a new RAB7 effector in modulating autophagosome maturation, providing insight into the molecular mechanism of NRBF2-PtdIns3K in regulating RAB7 activity for macroautophagy/autophagy maturation and Alzheimer disease-associated protein degradation.

16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(11): 4371-4381, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) at pN0M0 can be more locally aggressive and disseminated than those with lymph node and distant metastasis. Perineural invasion (PNI) is reported as a poor prognostic factor in cancer and is thought to be related to regional tumor spread and metastasis. However, its clinicopathological role and meaning for treatment in pN0M0 ESCC are unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We applied scoring methods of PNI and lymphatic and vascular invasion (LI, VI) based on immunohistochemistry staining on tumor tissues of pN0M0 ESCC patients. ROC analyses, Kaplan-Meier analyses, Cox regression, and χ2 test were performed for survival analysis, comparison of PNI with LI and VI, and exploration of the relevance between PNI and other clinicopathological features. RESULTS: Presence of PNI was significantly associated with poor survival in pN0M0 patients, whereas LI and VI were not predictive of outcome (P > 0.05). Neural invasion index (NII), defined as the ratio of the number of tumor-invaded nerves to the total number of nerves per tumor microsection, was the most consistent measure of PNI (P = 0.006, HR = 6.892, 1.731-27.428). Postoperative radiotherapy significantly improved survival in high-NII patients (P = 0.035, HR = 0.390, 0.163-0.936). CONCLUSIONS: PNI is an important risk factor for the outcome of pN0M0 ESCC patients. NII can be used for risk assessment and to tailor adjuvant radiotherapy in this population.

17.
Heart ; 106(15): 1154-1159, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore the prevalence and immediate clinical implications of acute myocardial injury in a cohort of patients with COVID-19 in a region of China where medical resources are less stressed than in Wuhan (the epicentre of the pandemic). METHODS: We prospectively assessed the medical records, laboratory results, chest CT images and use of medication in a cohort of patients presenting to two designated covid-19 treatment centres in Sichuan, China. Outcomes of interest included death, admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), need for mechanical ventilation, treatment with vasoactive agents and classification of disease severity. Acute myocardial injury was defined by a value of high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) greater than the normal upper limit. RESULTS: A total of 101 cases were enrolled from January to 10 March 2020 (average age 49 years, IQR 34-62 years). Acute myocardial injury was present in 15.8% of patients, nearly half of whom had a hs-TnT value fivefold greater than the normal upper limit. Patients with acute myocardial injury were older, with a higher prevalence of pre-existing cardiovascular disease and more likely to require ICU admission (62.5% vs 24.7%, p=0.003), mechanical ventilation (43.5% vs 4.7%, p<0.001) and treatment with vasoactive agents (31.2% vs 0%, p<0.001). Log hs-TnT was associated with disease severity (OR 6.63, 95% CI 2.24 to 19.65), and all of the three deaths occurred in patients with acute myocardial injury. CONCLUSION: Acute myocardial injury is common in patients with COVID-19 and is associated with adverse prognosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Troponina T/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Pandemias , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms are often the first symptoms of hypopituitarism. However, pseudo-intestinal obstruction is not a common manifestation of hypopituitarism. Some patients presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms as their chief complaint were admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology and were accurately diagnosed with hypopituitarism at the Department of Endocrinology. CASE SUMMARY: This case pertains to a 57-year-old man with poor appetite, fatigue, weakness, and recent onset recurring abdominal pain. An erect, abdominal X-ray indicated flatulence and gas-fluid levels in the midsection of the abdomen, and pseudo-intestinal obstruction was diagnosed. Subsequently, the patient was referred to the Department of Gastroenterology to identify the cause of the pseudo-intestinal obstruction. An examination of the digestive system did not reveal any abnormalities, but the patient developed hyponatremia and exhibited drowsiness. The patient was transferred to the Department of Endocrinology for further treatment. The patient was eventually diagnosed with hypopituitarism, caused by empty sella syndrome. The patient received prednisone and euthyrox replacement therapy, and pseudo-intestinal obstruction did not occur again. CONCLUSION: In general, endocrine diseases, including hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, and hyponatremia, should be considered for patients with pseudo-intestinal obstruction combined with hyponatremia and drowsiness, especially if the symptoms of the digestive system are not complicated and the drowsiness is obvious.

19.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2124: 251-261, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277458

RESUMO

We describe a protocol for the establishment and preparation of creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) cultivar "Penn A-4" embryonic calli, biolistic transformation, selection, and regeneration of transgenic plants. The embryonic callus is initiated from mature seeds, maintained by visual selection under the dissecting microscope and subjected to bombardment with plasmid DNA containing a bialaphos-resistance (bar) gene. PCR, Southern, and Northern blot analyses are used to confirm the transgene integration and expression.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(15): 4538-4545, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208687

RESUMO

A novel nucleic acid isothermal amplification method based on saltatory rolling circle amplification (SRCA) for rapid and visual detection of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris in apple juice was established. Fourteen A. acidoterrestris strains and 44 non-A. acidoterrestris strains were used to confirm the specificity. The sensitivity of SRCA was 4.5 × 101 CFU/mL by observing the white precipitate with the naked eye, while it was 4.5 × 100 CFU/mL by fluorescence visualization. The detection limit of SRCA in artificially inoculated apple juice was 7.1 × 101 and 7.1 × 100 CFU/mL via visualization of the white precipitate and fluorescence, respectively. Compared with the traditional PCR method, SRCA exhibited at least a 100-fold higher sensitivity and 100-fold lower detection limit. Seventy samples were investigated for A. acidoterrestris contamination, and the results showed 100% sensitivity, 97.01% specificity, and 97.14% accuracy compared with those by the conventional microbiological cultivation method. Overall, this method is a potentially useful tool for visual and rapid detection of A. acidoterrestris.

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