Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 499
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150310, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583082

RESUMO

Phthalates (PAEs) accumulated in agricultural soils and rice have increased human exposure risks. Microbial degradation could efficiently reduce the residue of organic pollutants in soil and crop plants. Here, we hypothesized that endophytic bacteria from wild rice have the potential for degradation of PAEs and plant growth promoting. The endophytic bacterial community and functional diversity in wild rice (Oryza meridionalis) were analyzed for the first time, and the potential for PAE degradation and plant growth promoting by endophytes were investigated. The results of Illumina high-throughput sequencing revealed that abundant endophytes inhabited in wild rice with Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Actinobacteria being the dominant phyla. Endophytic bacterial diversity and complexity were confirmed by isolation and clustering of isolates. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis demonstrated that endophytes exerted diverse functions such as plant growth promoting, xenobiotics biodegradation, pollution remediation and bacterial chemotaxis. Pure culture experiment showed that 30 isolated endophytic strains exhibited in vitro plant growth promoting activities, and rice plants inoculated with these strains confirmed their growth promoting abilities. Some endophytic strains were capable of efficiently degrading PAEs, with the highest removal percentage of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) up to 96.1% by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain L381 within 5 days. Synthetic community F and strain L381 rapidly removed DBP from soil (removing 91.0%-99.2% within 10 d and from rice plant slurry (removing 93.4%-99.2% within 5 d). These results confirmed the hypothesis and demonstrated the diversity of endophytic bacteria in wild rice with diverse functions, especially for plant growth promoting and removing PAEs. These multifunctional endophytic bacteria provided good alternatives to reduce PAE accumulation in crops and increase yield.

2.
Anal Chem ; 93(46): 15323-15330, 2021 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766751

RESUMO

Vibrational microscopy methods based on Raman scattering or infrared absorption provide a label-free approach for chemical-contrast imaging, but employ point-by-point scanning and impose a compromise between the imaging speed and field-of-view (FOV). Optothermal microscopy has been proposed as a promising imaging modality to avoid this compromise, although at restrictively small FOVs capable of imaging only few cells. Here, we present wide-field optothermal mid-infrared microscopy (WOMiM) for wide-field chemical-contrast imaging based on snapshot pump-probe detection of optothermal signal, using a custom-made condenser-free phase contrast microscopy to capture the phase change of samples after mid-infrared irradiation. We achieved chemical contrast for FOVs up to 180 µm in diameter, yielding 10-fold larger imaging areas than the state-of-the-art, at imaging speeds of 1 ms/frame. The maximum possible imaging speed of WOMiM was determined by the relaxation time of optothermal heat, measured to be 32.8 µs in water, corresponding to a frame rate of ∼30 kHz. This proof-of-concept demonstrates that vibrational imaging can be achieved at an unprecedented imaging speed and large FOV with the potential to significantly facilitate label-free imaging of cellular dynamics.

3.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813323

RESUMO

Reactive transport modeling (RTM) is an essential tool for the prediction of contaminants' behavior in the bio- and geosphere. However, RTM of sorption reactions is constrained by the reactive surface site assessment. The reactive site density variability of the crystal surface nanotopography provides an "energetic landscape", responsible for heterogeneous sorption efficiency, not covered in current RTM approaches. Here, we study the spatially heterogeneous sorption behavior of Eu(III), as an analogue to trivalent actinides, on a polycrystalline nanotopographic calcite surface and quantify the sorption efficiency as a function of surface nanoroughness. Based on experimental data from micro-focus time-resolved laser-induced luminescence spectroscopy (µTRLFS), vertical scanning interferometry, and electron back-scattering diffraction (EBSD), we parameterize a surface complexation model (SCM) using surface nanotopography data. The validation of the quantitatively predicted spatial sorption heterogeneity suggests that retention reactions can be considerably influenced by nanotopographic surface features. Our study presents a way to implement heterogeneous surface reactivity into a SCM for enhanced prediction of radionuclide retention.

4.
Int J Bioprint ; 7(4): 401, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825099

RESUMO

Recently, three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology is becoming an appealing approach for osteochondral repair. However, it is challenging to develop a bilayered scaffold with anisotropic structural properties to mimic a native osteochondral tissue. Herein, we developed a bioink consisting of decellularized extracellular matrix and silk fibroin to print the bilayered scaffold. The bilayered scaffold mimics the natural osteochondral tissue by controlling the composition, mechanical properties, and growth factor release in each layer of the scaffold. The in vitro results show that each layer of scaffolds had a suitable mechanical strength and degradation rate. Furthermore, the scaffolds encapsulating transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) can act as a controlled release system and promote directed differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Furthermore, the in vivo experiments suggested that the scaffolds loaded with growth factors promoted osteochondral regeneration in the rabbit knee joint model. Consequently, the biomimetic bilayered scaffold loaded with TGF-ß and BMP-2 would be a promising strategy for osteochondral repair.

5.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 730879, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602971

RESUMO

At present, it is still challenging to predict the clinical outcome of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). In this retrospective study, we explored whether radiomics features extracted from fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) images can predict clinical outcome of patients with AIS. Patients with AIS were divided into a training (n = 110) and an external validation (n = 80) sets. A total of 753 radiomics features were extracted from each FLAIR and ADC image of the 190 patients. Interquartile range (IQR), Wilcoxon rank sum test, and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were used to reduce the feature dimension. The six strongest radiomics features were related to an unfavorable outcome of AIS. A logistic regression analysis was employed for selection of potential predominating clinical and conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) factors. Subsequently, we developed several models based on clinical and conventional MRI factors and radiomics features to predict the outcome of AIS patients. For predicting unfavorable outcome [modified Rankin scale (mRS) > 2] in the training set, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of ADC radiomics model was 0.772, FLAIR radiomics model 0.731, ADC and FLAIR radiomics model 0.815, clinical model 0.791, and clinical and conventional MRI model 0.782. In the external validation set, the AUCs for the prediction with ADC radiomics model was 0.792, FLAIR radiomics model 0.707, ADC and FLAIR radiomics model 0.825, clinical model 0.763, and clinical and conventional MRI model 0.751. When adding radiomics features to the combined model, the AUCs for predicting unfavorable outcome in the training and external validation sets were 0.926 and 0.864, respectively. Our results indicate that the radiomics features extracted from FLAIR and ADC can be instrumental biomarkers to predict unfavorable clinical outcome of AIS and would additionally improve predictive performance when adding to combined model.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e2104175, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608668

RESUMO

The long-segment peripheral nerve injury (PNI) represents a global medical challenge, leading to incomplete nerve tissue recovery and unsatisfactory functional reconstruction. However, the current electrical stimulation (ES) apparatuses fail perfect nerve repair due to their inability of the variable synchronous self-regulated function with physiological states. It is urgent to develop an implantable ES platform with physiologically adaptive function to provide instantaneous and nerve-preferred ES. Here, a physiologically self-regulated electrical signal is generated by integrating a novel tribo/piezoelectric hybrid nanogenerator with a nanoporous nerve guide conduit to construct a fully implantable neural electrical stimulation (FI-NES) system. The optimal neural ES parameters completely originate from the body itself and are highly self-responsive to different physiological states. The morphological evaluation, representative protein expression level, and functional reconstruction of the regenerated nerves are conducted to assess the PNI recovery process. Evidence shows that the recovery effect of 15 mm length nerve defects under the guidance of the FI-NES system is significantly close to the autograft. The designed FI-NES system provides an effective method for long-term accelerating the recovery of PNI in vivo and is also appropriate for other tissue injury or neurodegenerative diseases.

7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1471-1477, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal time of monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) for predicting survival and prognosis in children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) after treated by CCLG-ALL2008 chemotherapy. METHODS: 96 children with T-ALL receiving CCLG-ALL2008 chemotherapy treated in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively summarized. The follow-up time was 9.0-65.0 months, with a median of 43.5 months. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to detect the overall event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of the patients. The clinical data, MRD levels after 15 d, 33 d and 90 d chemotherapy between EFS group and relapse group, as well as OS group and death group were compared by using univariate analysis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the main risk factors affecting EFS and OS of the patients. The patients were divided into low, moderate and high-risk according to the MRD level after 15 d, 33 d and 90 d, the differences of EFS and OS between each groups were compared again. RESULTS: By the end of follow-up, 50 patients recurred and other 46 patients non-recurred; 40 patients died and 56 patients survived, the EFS was (49.5±6.3)% and OS was (61.5±5.9)%. Univariate analysis showed that the initial WBC count in EFS group (n=46) was significantly lower than that in relapse group (n=50), and MRD levels after 33 d and 90 d were significantly less also (P<0.05). Prednisone response in OS group (n=56) was better than that in death group (n=40), and central nerve invasion rate was lower, MRD level after 33 and 90 d were lower (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that MRD level after 90 d was the main risk factor affecting EFS of the patients; prednisone reaction, central nerve invasion and MRD level after 90 d were the main risk factors affecting OS of the patients (P<0.05). There were no differences of EFS or OS between the groups according to the MRD levels after 15 and 33 d (P>0.05), however for 90 d, EFS and OS of the patients in high-risk group were significantly lower than those in medium-risk group, and those in medium-risk group were lower than those in low-risk group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The MRD level after 90 days CCLG-ALL2008 chemotherapy may be the best time to predict the survival and prognosis in T-ALL children.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 555, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nattokinase (NK) is a promising alternative in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases due to its potent fibrinolytic activity. In this study, we investigated the effect of crude nattokinase extract on the healing of acetic acid-induced oral mucositis in mice. METHODS: Bacillus subtilis culture media (BSCM) was isolated into the supernatant, named nattokinase crude extract (NCE), and the pellet was named Bacillus subtilis mass (BSM). An oral mucositis model was established in mice by applying 50% glacial acetic acid to the buccal mucosa. According to the treatment conditions, the mice were divided into BSCM, NCE, BSM and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) groups. The weight of the mice, oral mucositis healing score and histopathological examination were used to evaluate the treatment. RESULTS: Fibrinolytic activities of BSCM, NCE and BSM were approximately 8069, 10,800 and 80 U/ml, respectively. The weight gain of mice in the NCE group was significantly different from the PBS group after three days' treatment (p < 0.05). The oral mucositis score of NCE group was significantly higher than other groups (p < 0.05). The differences in histopathology scores between the NCE and other groups were statistically significant (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: NCE could possess remarkable potential to reduce pain and promote oral mucositis healing with minimal safety concerns. In this study, we first report that NCE from the supernatant of Bacillus subtilis can promote the healing of oral mucositis, which extends the application scope of NK.

9.
BMJ Glob Health ; 6(10)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706879

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Geographical accessibility is important against health equity, particularly for less developed countries as Nepal. It is important to identify the disparities in geographical accessibility to the three levels of public health facilities across Nepal, which has not been available. METHODS: Based on the up-to-date dataset of Nepal formal public health facilities in 2021, we measured the geographical accessibility by calculating the travel time to the nearest public health facility of three levels (ie, primary, secondary and tertiary) across Nepal at 1×1 km2 resolution under two travel modes: walking and motorised. Gini and Theil L index were used to assess the inequality. Potential locations of new facilities were identified for best improvement of geographical efficiency or equality. RESULTS: Both geographical accessibility and its equality were better under the motorised mode compared with the walking mode. If motorised transportation is available to everyone, the population coverage within 5 min to any public health facilities would be improved by 62.13%. The population-weighted average travel time was 17.91 min, 39.88 min and 69.23 min and the Gini coefficients 0.03, 0.18 and 0.42 to the nearest primary, secondary and tertiary facilities, respectively, under motorised mode. For primary facilities, low accessibility was found in the northern mountain belt; for secondary facilities, the accessibility decreased with increased distance from the district centres; and for tertiary facilities, low accessibility was found in most areas except the developed areas like zonal centres. The potential locations of new facilities differed for the three levels of facilities. Besides, the majority of inequalities of geographical accessibility were from within-province. CONCLUSION: The high-resolution geographical accessibility maps and the assessment of inequality provide valuable information for health resource allocation and health-related planning in Nepal.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Viagem , Geografia , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Nepal
10.
Phytochemistry ; 193: 112985, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695707

RESUMO

Thirteen previously undescribed lanostane triterpenoids, as well as nine known lanostane triterpenoids, were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw.) P. Karst. Their structures and absolute configurations were characterized by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Nor-pinicolic acids A-F possess unusual C-25-C-27 nor-lanostane skeletons, which were first reported from F. pinicola. Anti-inflammatory assays indicated that pinicopsic acid F and 16α-hydroxy-3-oxolanosta-7,9(11),24-trien-21-oic acid showed moderate inhibitory activities against LPS-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 cells, with IC50 values of 24.5 and 25.7 µM, respectively.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4744-4748, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581084

RESUMO

Four new lanostane triterpenoids, 3ß-hydroxy-12α-methoxylanosta-7,9(11),24-triene(1), 3ß-hydroxy-12α-methoxy-24-methylene-lanost-7,9(11)-dien(2), 3,7-dioxo-lanosta-8,24-diene(3), and 3,7-dioxo-24-methylene-lanost-8-en(4), were isolated from the latex of Euphorbia resinifera with a variety of chromatography methods. Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic data and/or comparison with the data reported in previous research. Compounds 1, 2, and 4 showed moderate inhibition of LPS-induced NO production by RAW264.7, with IC_(50) of 30.4, 37.5, and 28.3 µmol·L~(-1), respectively.


Assuntos
Euphorbia , Triterpenos , Látex , Estrutura Molecular , Esteroides
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between insulin resistance and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in early pregnancy and find a simple surrogate index of the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). METHODS: A total of 700 pregnant women were included in this prospective, double-center, observational cohort study. The glucose and lipid metabolic characterization was performed at 6-12 weeks of pregnancy. All participants underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. Linear regression analysis was applied to find a novel surrogate index of HOMA-IR. Binary logistic analysis was applied to estimate possible associations of different indices with GDM and insulin resistance. RESULTS: GDM was diagnosed in 145 of 700 women with singleton pregnancies (20.7%). HOMA-IR was higher in the GDM group than in the normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group and was an individual risk factor for GDM (adjusted risk ratio RR 1.371, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.129-1.665, P < 0.001). TyHGB index as the surrogate index of HOMA-IR was represented as TG/HDL-C + 0.7*FBG (mmol/L) +0.1*preBMI (kg/m2 )(where TG/HDL-C is triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; FBG is fasting blood glucose, and preBMI is the pre-pregnancy body mass index [calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters]). The cut-off point of the TyHGB index was 6.0 (area under the curve 0.827, 95% CI 0.794-0.861, P < 0.001) for mild insulin resistance. CONCLUSION: Increased HOMA-IR in early pregnancy was a risk factor of GDM. TyHGB index could be a surrogate index of HOMA-IR and had a predictive value for GDM.

13.
Oncol Rep ; 46(4)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396427

RESUMO

The presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) is a major cause of therapeutic failure in a variety of cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the underlying mechanisms that regulate the self­renewal of colorectal cancer stem cells (CRCSCs) remain unclear. Our previous study utilized CRCSCs and their parent cells; through gene microarray screening and bioinformatics analysis, we hypothesized that microRNA (miR)­8063 may bind to, and regulate the expression of, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein AB (hnRNPAB) to facilitate the regulation of CRCSC self­renewal. The aim of the present study was to confirm this conjecture through relevant experiments. The results indicated that compared with that in parent cells, miR­8063 expression was significantly downregulated in CRCSCs, while hnRNPAB expression was increased. Furthermore, hnRNPAB was identified as a direct target of miR­8063 using a dual­Luciferase assay. Overexpression of hnRNPAB promoted the acquisition of CSC characteristics in CRC cells (increased colony formation ability, enhanced tumorigenicity, and upregulated expression of CSC markers), as well as the upregulation of key proteins (Wnt3a, Wnt5a and ß­catenin) in the Wnt/ß­catenin signaling pathway. Similarly, after silencing miR­8063 in CRC cells, the characteristics of CSC were altered, and the expression of hnRNPAB protein was promoted. However, post overexpression of miR­8063 in CRCSCs, the self­renewal ability of CSCs was weakened with the downregulation of hnRNPAB protein, Wnt3a, Wnt5a and ß­catenin. These results suggest that as a tumor suppressor, miR­8063 is involved in regulating the self­renewal of CRCSCs, where loss of miR­8063 expression weakens its inhibition on hnRNPAB, which leads to the activation of Wnt/ß­catenin signaling to promote the self­renewal of CRCSCs.

14.
J Nat Prod ; 84(8): 2385-2389, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351742

RESUMO

The ongoing COVID-19 global pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 inspires the development of effective inhibitors to block the SARS-CoV-2 spike-ACE2 interaction. A chemical investigation on the fruiting bodies of Phellinus pini led to the isolation of five aromatic cadinane sesquiterpenoids including four new ones, named piniterpenoids A-D (1-4), as well as three known lignans. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis including HRMS and 1D and 2D NMR. All of the aromatic cadinane sesquiterpenoids inhibited the SARS-CoV-2 spike-ACE2 interaction, with IC50 values ranging from 64.5 to 99.1 µM. A molecular docking study showed the disruption of the interaction of compound 1 via hydrogen interactions with Arg403, Asp405, and Arg408 of SARS-CoV-2 RBD and Arg393 and His34 residues of ACE2. These results suggested that aromatic cadinane sesquiterpenoids might be useful in developing agents for COVID-19.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Carpóforos/química , Phellinus/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 272: 118514, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420756

RESUMO

Developing efficient strategy for nanomaterials dispersion is the key for promoting the utilization of cellulose-based composite in energy storage devices. In this study, an instant synthesis method for cellulose nanofiber (CNF)/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite film with a deep eutectic solvent (DES) based on choline chloride and urea as a media is developed. This DES shows favorable abilities of recyclability, materials dispersion, and could adjust the pH value for reaction systems of neutral to alkaline which in favor of electrostatic repulsion arising from deprotonated carboxyl groups at the composite surface. As-obtained films feature excellent flexibility, high electrical conductivity (as high as 26.47 S∙cm-1) and well electrochemical properties. Furthermore, a little amount of nitrogen atoms (~3.0 at%) could be introduced in the composite at a mild condition. Overall, this approach offers the potential for cost-effective, environmentally friendly and large-scale production of cellulose-based electrode and numerous advanced applications.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(34): 40590-40601, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415719

RESUMO

Two-dimensional single-atom catalysts (2D SACs) have been widely studied on the nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR). The characteristics of 2D catalysts imply that both sides of the monolayer can be catalytic sites and adsorb electrolyte ions or molecules from solutions. Overstrong adsorption of electrolyte ions or molecules on both sides of the catalyst site will poison the catalyst, while the adsorbate on one side of the catalytic site will modify the activity and selectivity of the other side for NRR. Discovering the influence of adsorption of electrolyte ions or molecules as a functional ligand on catalyst performance on the NRR is crucial to improve NRR efficiency. Here, we report this work using the density functional theory (DFT) method to investigate adsorption of electrolyte ions or molecules as a functional ligand. Among all of the studied 18 functional ligands and 3 transition metals (TMs), the results showed that Ru&F, Ru&COOH, and Mo&H2O combinations were screened as electrocatalysis systems with high activity and selectivity. Particularly, the Mo&H2O combination possesses the highest activity with a low ΔGMAX of 0.44 eV through the distal pathway. The superior catalytic performance of the Mo&H2O combination is mainly attributed to the electron donation from the metal d orbital. Furthermore, the functional ligands can occupy the active sites and block the competing vigorous hydrogen evolution reaction. Our findings offer an effective and practical strategy to design the combination of the catalyst and electrolyte to improve electrocatalytic NRR efficiency.

17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 689, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coagulation-related biomarkers are drawing new attention in the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). The thromboelastography (TEG) assay provides a comprehensive assessment of blood coagulation; therefore, it could be a promising test for PJI. This study aims to assess the value of TEG in diagnosing PJI and to determine the clinical significance of TEG in analysing reimplantation timing for second-stage revision. METHODS: From October 2017 to September 2020, 62 patients who underwent revision arthroplasty were prospectively included. PJI was defined by the 2011 Musculoskeletal Infection Society criteria, in which 23 patients were diagnosed with PJI (Group A), and the remaining 39 patients were included as having aseptic loosening (Group B). In group A, 17 patients completed a two-stage revision in our centre. C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), D-dimer, and TEG parameters (clotting time, α-angle, MA [maximum amplitude], amplitude at 30 min, and thrombodynamic potential index) were measured preoperatively in all included patients. In addition, receiver operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate the diagnostic value of these biomarkers. RESULTS: ESR (area under curve [AUC], 0.953; sensitivity, 81.82; specificity, 94.87) performed best for PJI diagnosis, followed by MA (AUC, 0.895; sensitivity, 82.61; specificity, 97.44) and CRP (AUC, 0.893; sensitivity, 82.61; specificity, 94.74). When these biomarkers were combined in pairs, the diagnostic value improved compared with any individual biomarker. The overall success rate of the two-stage revision was 100%. Furthermore, ESR and MA were valuable in determining the time of reimplantation, and their values all decreased below the cut-off values before reimplantation. CONCLUSION: TEG could be a promising test in assisting PJI diagnosis, and a useful tool in judging the proper timing of reimplantation.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Reimplante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Líquido Sinovial/química , Tromboelastografia
18.
DNA Res ; 28(5)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424285

RESUMO

Citrus nucellar poly-embryony (NPE) is a mode of sporophytic apomixis that asexual embryos formed in the seed through adventitious embryogenesis from the somatic nucellar cells. NPE allows clonal propagation of rootstocks, but it impedes citrus cross breeding. To understand the cellular processes involved in NPE initiation, we profiled the transcriptomes and DNA methylomes in laser microdissection captured citrus apomictic cells. In apomictic cells, ribosome biogenesis and protein degradation were activated, whereas auxin polar transport was repressed. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulated in the poly-embryonic ovules, and response to oxidative stress was provoked. The global DNA methylation level, especially that of CHH context, was decreased, whereas the methylation level of the NPE-controlling key gene CitRWP was increased. A C2H2 domain-containing transcription factor gene and CitRWP co-expressed specifically in apomictic cells may coordinate to initiate NPE. The activated embryogenic development and callose deposition processes indicated embryogenic fate of nucellar embryo initial (NEI) cells. In our working model for citrus NPE initiation, DNA hyper-methylation may activate transcription of CitRWP, which increases C2H2 expression and ROS accumulation, triggers epigenetic regulation and regulates cell fate transition and NEI cell identity in the apomictic cells.


Assuntos
Citrus , Citrus/genética , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Epigênese Genética , Epigenoma , Melhoramento Vegetal , Transcriptoma
19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 650054, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277403

RESUMO

Our previous studies have demonstrated that Enzalutamide-induced upregulation of long non-coding RNA p21 (lncRNA-p21) facilitates prostate cancer (PCa) neuroendocrine differentiation (NED). Given the important role of lncRNAs in PCa pathogenesis, and given that lots of lncRNAs are dys-regulated in neuroendocrine PCa (NEPC) patients, we next explored the biological function and underlying mechanism of lncRNA-PCAT6 (PCAT6) in mediating Enzalutamide-induced NED. The level of PCAT6 in Enzalutamide-treated PCa cells and NEPC samples were assessed using quantitative RT-PCR (qPCR). The effect of PCAT6 on PCa cell proliferation, invasion, and NED was evaluated through CCK-8, transwell, qPCR, western blot analysis, Xenograft mouse model, and in vivo lung metastasis model. We found that PCAT6 was highly expressed in NE-like cells (PC3, DU145, and NCI-H660) compared with androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells. PCAT6 was also highly expressed in NEPC tissues. Enzalutamide treatment resulted in a significant increase of PCAT6 level in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Functionally, PCAT6 overexpression promoted NED of C4-2 cells, as evidenced by an increased expression of NE markers (NSE, ChgA, and SYP), whereas PCAT6 knockdown in NCI-H661 cells repressed NED. Furthermore, PCAT6 overexpression promoted PCa cell proliferation and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, PCAT6 functioned as competing endogenous (ce) RNA via absorbing miR-326, thus resulting in a de-suppression of Hnrnpa2b1 target gene. The current results demonstrate that PCAT6 acted as a tumor activator in PCa progression by sponging miR-326 and increasing Hnrnpa2b1 expression and that the PCAT6/miR-326/Hnrnpa2b1 signaling might be a new therapeutic target for PCa.

20.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(9): 784, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268397

RESUMO

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a disease characterized by changes in the three-dimensional structure of the spine. Studies have shown that the development of AIS might be associated with genetic, biomechanics, endocrine factors and abnormal bone or cartilage development. Methods: Blood samples collected from 301 female patients (161 females with AIS and 140 females without AIS) were used for genotyping. Forty-eight serum samples from 161 females with AIS and 40 serum samples from 140 females without AIS were subjected to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). We also evaluated 32 facet joints (18 females with AIS and 14 females without AIS from the 301 female patients) using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and isolation of human primary chondrocytes, among other methods. We treated the AIS primary chondrocytes with dihydrotestosterone (DHT) to verify the relationship among androgen, the androgen receptor (AR), and its downstream pathway proteins. Results: The serum androgen level in the AIS group was significantly decreased (1.94±0.09 vs. 2.284±0.103) compared with that in the non-AIS (control) group. The single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping results showed that the mutation rates of rs6259 between the AIS and control groups were significantly different (G/G genotype: 48.4% vs. 42.1%, G/A genotype: 40.4% vs. 35.7%, P<0.05). The levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 were increased in the cartilage of AIS patients, and these patients also exhibited decreased AR levels. The cell experiment results showed that androgen reduced the degree of abnormal cartilage development in female AIS patients through the AR/IL-6/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway. Conclusions: Our study provides a new perspective on the pathogenesis of AIS and indicates that decreased androgen levels in female AIS patients play a potential role in the development of AIS via the AR/IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...