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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(1): 170-177, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100453

RESUMO

Ghrelin is a neuropeptide that has various physiological functions and has been demonstrated to be neuroprotective in a number of neurological disease models. However, the underlying mechanisms of ghrelin in Parkinson's disease remain largely unexplored. The current study aimed to study the effects of ghrelin in a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced Parkinson's disease model and evaluate the potential underlying mechanisms. In the present study, we treated an SH-SY5Y cell model with 6-OHDA, and observed that pretreatment with different concentrations of ghrelin (1, 10, and 100 nM) for 30 minutes relieved the neurotoxic effects of 6-OHDA, as revealed by Cell Counting Kit-8 and Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) apoptosis assays. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay results demonstrated that 6-OHDA treatment upregulated α-synuclein and lincRNA-p21 and downregulated TG-interacting factor 1 (TGIF1), which was predicted as a potential transcription regulator of the gene encoding α-synuclein (SNCA). Ghrelin pretreatment was able to reverse the trends caused by 6-OHDA. The Annexin V/PI apoptosis assay results revealed that inhibiting either α-synuclein or lincRNA-p21 expression with small interfering RNA (siRNA) relieved 6-OHDA-induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, inhibiting lincRNA-p21 also partially upregulated TGIF1. By retrieving information from a bioinformatics database and performing both double luciferase and RNA immunoprecipitation assays, we found that lincRNA-p21 and TGIF1 were able to form a double-stranded RNA-binding protein Staufen homolog 1 (STAU1) binding site and further activate the STAU1-mediated mRNA decay pathway. In addition, TGIF1 was able to transcriptionally regulate α-synuclein expression by binding to the promoter of SNCA. The Annexin V/PI apoptosis assay results showed that either knockdown of TGIF1 or overexpression of lincRNA-p21 notably abolished the neuroprotective effects of ghrelin against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity. Collectively, these findings suggest that ghrelin exerts neuroprotective effects against 6-OHDA-induced neurotoxicity via the lincRNA-p21/TGIF1/α-synuclein pathway.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 7: 192-216, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466727

RESUMO

Recently, zinc and its alloys have been proposed as promising candidates for biodegradable metals (BMs), owning to their preferable corrosion behavior and acceptable biocompatibility in cardiovascular, bone and gastrointestinal environments, together with Mg-based and Fe-based BMs. However, there is the desire for surface treatment for Zn-based BMs to better control their biodegradation behavior. Firstly, the implantation of some Zn-based BMs in cardiovascular environment exhibited intimal activation with mild inflammation. Secondly, for orthopedic applications, the biodegradation rates of Zn-based BMs are relatively slow, resulting in a long-term retention after fulfilling their mission. Meanwhile, excessive Zn2+ release during degradation will cause in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo delayed osseointegration. In this review, we firstly summarized the current surface modification methods of Zn-based alloys for the industrial applications. Then we comprehensively summarized the recent progress of biomedical bulk Zn-based BMs as well as the corresponding surface modification strategies. Last but not least, the future perspectives towards the design of surface bio-functionalized coatings on Zn-based BMs for orthopedic and cardiovascular applications were also briefly proposed.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118449, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740733

RESUMO

Litterfall mercury (Hg) input has been regarded as the dominant Hg source in montane forest floor. To depict combining effects of vegetation, climate and topography on accumulation of Hg in montane forests, we comprehensively quantified litterfall Hg deposition and decomposition in a serial of subtropical forests along an elevation gradient on both leeward and windward slopes of Mt. Ailao, Southwest China. Results showed that the average litterfall Hg deposition increased from 12.0 ± 4.2 µg m-2 yr-1 in dry-hot valley shrub at 850-1000 m, 14.9 ± 6.8 µg m-2 yr-1 in mixed conifer-broadleaf forest at 1250-2400 m, to 23.1 ± 8.3 µg m-2 yr-1 in evergreen broadleaf forest at 2500-2650 m. Additionally, the windward slope forests had a significantly higher litterfall Hg depositions at the same altitude because the larger precipitation promoted the greater litterfall biomass production. The one-year litter Hg decomposition showed that the Hg mass of litter in dry-hot valley shrub decreased by 29%, while in mixed conifer-broadleaf and evergreen broadleaf forests increased by 22-48%. The dynamics of Hg in decomposing litter was controlled by the temperature mediated litter decomposition rate and the additional adsorption of environmental Hg during decomposition. Overall, our study highlights the litterfall mediated atmospheric mercury inputs and sequestration increase with the montane elevation, thus driving a Hg enhanced accumulation in the high montane forest.

4.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(10): 959-64, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Qiang Jin exercises on the muscle strength and activity of lumbar spine in patients with lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: From March 2016 to September 2017, at the Department of Orthopaedics, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, a total of 110 subjects were enrolled, and 98 eligible subjects were screened. The subjects were randomized by stratified randomization and divided into experimental group and control group, 49 cases in each group, 25 males and 24 females in the experimental group, 25 males and 24 females in the control group. The experimental group exercised with Qiang Jin exercises, one time each morning and evening, each time10 sets were made;the control group used classic rehabilitation training, training twice a week, and three months was a course of treatment. After 12 weeks of training, the muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine were evaluated and compared with the muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine before training. RESULTS: The experimental group and the control group had different muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine before and after treatment (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups after treatment(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Qiang Jin exercises can effectively improve the muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine and improve the daily living ability of patients.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , China , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Região Lombossacral , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Front Psychol ; 12: 741006, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777130

RESUMO

Family conspicuous consumption behavior is affected by many factors. Existing pieces of literature seldom focus on the impact of house demolition on family conspicuous consumption and its underlying mechanism. Based on the mental accounting theory and conservation of resources theory, this study uses the micro-data of the 2011 China Household Finance Survey to empirically examine the relationship between house demolition and family conspicuous consumption. Robustness results suggest that house demolition positively affects household conspicuous consumption, which is not only reflected in the overall consumption level but also in the level of average consumption. Further analysis finds that household wealth and materialism value have a significant positive moderating effect on the relationship of the main effect. In addition, in order to clarify the relationship between conspicuous consumption and luxury consumption, this study finds that conspicuous consumption and luxury consumption are not completely equivalent through in-depth theoretical analysis and exploratory investigation. There are similarities in both consumption motivation and pattern, but with differences on consumer subject and object. The contribution of this research is to enrich the theory of decision-making in consumer behavior, which also has certain significance in deepening the understanding of the relationship between conspicuous consumption and luxury consumption.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 769047, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777388

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a malignant tumor characterized by rapid progression, early metastasis, high recurrence, and limited responsiveness to conventional therapies. The 5-year survival rate of PDAC is extremely low (<8%), which lacks effective prognostic evaluation indicators. In this study, we used xCell to analyze infiltrating immune cells in a tumor and through the univariate and multivariate Cox analyses screened out two prognosis-related immune cells, CD4+TN and common lymphoid progenitor (CLP), which were used to construct a Cox model and figure out the risk-score. It was found that the constructed model could greatly improve the sensitivity of prognostic evaluation, that the higher the risk-score, the worse the prognosis. In addition, the risk-score could also identify molecular subtypes with poor prognosis and immunotherapy sensitivity. Through transcriptome and whole-exome sequencing analysis of PDAC dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), it was found that copy number deletion and low expression of CCL19 might be crucial factors to affect the risk-score. Lastly, validation of the above findings was confirmed not only in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets but also in our PDAC patient samples, Peking2020 cohort.

8.
Phys Med Biol ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787109

RESUMO

Objective Breast cancer is heterogeneous in that different angiogenesis and blood flow characteristics could be present within a tumor. The pixel kinetics of DCE-MRI can assume several distinct signal patterns related to specific tissue characteristics. Identification of the latent, tissue-specific dynamic patterns of intratumor heterogeneity can shed light on the biological mechanisms underlying the heterogeneity of tumors. Approach To mine this information, we propose a deep matrix factorization-based dynamic decomposition (DMFDE) model specifically designed according to DCE-MRI characteristics. The time-series imaging data were decomposed into tissue-specific dynamic patterns and their corresponding proportion maps. The image pixel matrix and the reference matrix of population-level kinetics obtained by clustering the dynamic signals were used as the inputs. Two multilayer neural network branches were designed to collaboratively project the input matrix into a latent dynamic pattern and a dynamic proportion matrix, which was justified using simulated data. Clinical implications of DMFDE were assessed by radiomics analysis of proportion maps obtained from the tumor/parenchyma region for classifying the luminal A subtype. Main results The decomposition performance of DMFDE was evaluated by the root mean square error (RMSE) and was shown to be better than that of the conventional convex analysis of mixtures (CAM) method. The predictive model with K=3, 4, and 5 dynamic proportion maps generated AUC values of 0.780, 0.786 and 0.790, respectively, in distinguishing between luminal A and nonluminal A tumors, which are better than the CAM method (AUC=0.726). The combination of statistical features from images with different proportion maps has the highest prediction value (AUC= 0.813), which is significantly higher than that based on CAM. Conclusion This proposed method identified the latent dynamic patterns associated with different molecular subtypes, and radiomics analysis based on the pixel compositions of the uncovered dynamic patterns was able to determine molecular subtypes of breast cancer.

9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(11): e2133805, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757411

RESUMO

Importance: The associations of maternal history of spontaneous abortion (SA) and stillbirth with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain elusive. Objective: To evaluate the associations of maternal history of pregnancy loss with CHD in offspring and the role of maternal type 2 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study included singleton live offspring born between January 1, 1977, and December 31, 2016, identified through Danish national health registries. Statistical analysis was performed from October 1, 2019, through September 1, 2021. Exposures: Maternal history of SA, with frequency varying from 1 or 2 to 3 or more episodes, and maternal history of single and multiple stillbirths. Main Outcomes and Measures: Overall CHD identified by hospital diagnosis. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of CHD. Diabetes was evaluated as a potential confounder and a potential effect modifier. Results: Among 1 642 534 included offspring (mean [SD] age, 14.11 [8.39] years; 843 265 male [51.35%]), 246 669 (15.02%) were born to mothers with a history of SA and 9750 (0.59%) were born to mothers with a history of stillbirth. The HRs of CHD were 1.16 (95% CI, 1.13-1.20) for offspring with a maternal history of SA and 1.49 (95% CI, 1.32-1.68) for offspring with a maternal history of stillbirth. Significant dose-response associations were observed among offspring with a maternal history of 3 or more episodes of SA (HR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.39-1.84) and those with maternal history of multiple stillbirths (HR, 2.75; 95% CI, 1.63-4.65). If only inpatient CHD cases were included, the risk of CHD was higher than that found in the main analysis, with HRs of 1.24 (95% CI, 1.19-1.30) for maternal history of SA and 1.78 (95% CI, 1.51-2.11) for maternal history of stillbirth. The observed associations were strengthened by maternal prepregnancy type 2 diabetes (HR for maternal history of SA, 1.65 [95% CI, 1.37-1.97]; HR for maternal history of stillbirth, 1.74 [95% CI, 1.06-2.85]). Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that offspring born to mothers with a previous SA or stillbirth, especially multiple episodes, or with prepregnancy type 2 diabetes were at a higher risk of being diagnosed with CHD. These findings may help identify women at increased risk in whom detailed fetal heart assessment may be cost-effective and highlight the importance of screening for type 2 diabetes in women of reproductive age.

10.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 169: 127-137, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781213

RESUMO

Abscisic acid (ABA) is a critical hormone for plant survival upon water stress. In this study, a large-scale mutants of Arabidopsis ecotype Columbia-0 (Col-0) by ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)-mutagenesis were generated, and an improved root elongation under water-stress 1 (irew1) mutant showing significantly enhanced root growth was isolated upon a water potential gradient assay. Then, irew1 and ABA-related mutants in Arabidopsis or tomato plants were observed under water potential gradient assay or water-deficient condition. ABA pathway, Ca2+ response and primary root (PR) elongation rate were monitored in addition to DNA- and RNA-Seq analyses. We found that based on phenotyping and transcriptional analyses, irew1 exhibited the enhanced PR growth, ABA and Ca2+ responses compared to wild-type subjected to water stress. Interestingly, exogenous Ca2+ application enhanced PR growth of irew1, ABA-biosynthesis deficient mutants in Arabidopsis and tomato plants in response to water potential gradients or water-deficient condition. In combination with other ABA-related mutants and pharmacological study, our results suggest that ABA is required for root elongation associated with Ca2+ influx in response to water stress.

11.
Environ Pollut ; 293: 118512, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793902

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem for ecosystem health and public healthcare. Hence, the transmission of antibiotic resistance from human and animal origins to natural environments requires careful investigation. In this study, nine antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), three mobile genetic elements (MGEs), and their relations with antibiotics, heavy metals, and microbiota were investigated in 16 sample sites (Xinxiang, China). Fluoroquinolones (0.13-14.22 µg/L) were most abundant in hospital effluent and oxytetracycline (251.86-5817.47 µg/kg) in animal manure. Animal manure showed the highest levels of zinc (80.79-2597.14 mg/kg) and copper (32.47-85.22 mg/kg), possibly affecting the prevalence of intI1 and aac(6')-Ib genes. Aminoglycoside and sulfonamide resistance genes (aac(6')-Ib, aadA, and sul1) were the main ARGs in this area. In addition, the detected ARGs and MGEs were higher in animal manure than in hospital effluent, except for the sul1 gene. On the other hand, the incomplete removal of antibiotics (29.76-100%), heavy metals (31.25-100%), and ARGs (1-3 orders of magnitude) in MWWTPs resulted in the accumulation of these contaminants in the receiving river. Network analysis suggested that the potential hosts (Jeotgalibaca, Atopostipes, Corynebacterium_1, etc.) of ARGs were more predominant in animal manure rather than hospital effluent, indicating a higher ARG transfer potential in animal manure compared with hospital sources. These results provide useful insights into the different migration and dissemination routes of antibiotics, heavy metals, ARGs, and microbiota from anthropogenic and animal origins to their receiving environments via MWWTP discharge and manure fertilization.

12.
Opt Express ; 29(24): 39284-39303, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809296

RESUMO

Ultra-precision tool-servo-based diamond cutting (UTSDC) is a promising technology for fabricating true 3-dimensional optical microstructures. The diamond tool in UTSDC moves alternatively upward and downward along the thrust direction. However, most studies on the material removal mechanism are limited to the orthogonal cutting condition where the depth of cut is invariant. The effect caused by the tool motion in the thrust direction has been overlooked. In this paper, the indentation effect affected by the tool path, tool shape and cutting speed is systematically studied. It is found that the inclined angle between the tool path direction and the main cutting direction plays a key role in the determination of the material spring back and the formation of side burr. The characteristics of indentation force and material spring back indicates that the indentation mechanism is dominant in the cut-in process where the inclined angle is large, while the shearing mechanism is dominant in the cut-out process. A new theory is proposed to explain the tool indentation mechanism in UTSDC, and the simulation results show that the theory can well predict the indentation force under various cutting conditions.

13.
Oncol Lett ; 22(6): 847, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733365

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most malignant cancer types. N6-methyladenosine (m6A), an abundant eukaryotic mRNA modification, has been observed in multiple diseases, particularly cancer. Methyltransferase-like 14 (METTL14) is a central component of the m6A methyltransferase complex and has been reported to promote tumor development in several cancer types. The present study aimed to investigate the role of METTL14 in NSCLC. Relevant clinical and mRNA sequencing data for m6A-related genes were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. R software was used to evaluate the expression of m6A regulators in NSCLC. The biological functions of METTL14 were evaluated using Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, Transwell migration and western blot analyses. The results demonstrated that METTL14 expression was upregulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines, and its expression was high in cancer tissues from patients with NSCLC with all four stages (I, II, III and IV) of disease. METTL14 downregulation inhibited cell proliferation and migration in A549 and SK-MES-1 lung cancer cell lines. Knockdown of METTL14 in lung cancer cell lines increased E-cadherin expression and suppressed N-cadherin expression. Furthermore, METTL14 downregulation reduced the expression levels of the transcription factor Twist and the p-AKT/AKT ratio. In conclusion, the present findings revealed that silencing of METTL14 suppressed NSCLC malignancy by inhibiting Twist-mediated activation of AKT signaling. These data suggest that METTL14 may be a potential therapeutic target for NSCLC.

14.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806358

RESUMO

Oceans play a key role in the global mercury (Hg) cycle, but studies on Hg isotopes in seawater are rare due to the extremely low Hg concentration and the lack of a good preconcentration method. Here, we introduce a new coprecipitation method for separating and preconcentrating Hg from seawater for accurate isotope measurement. The coprecipitation was achieved by sequential addition of 0.5 mL of 0.5 M CuSO4, 1 mL of 0.5 M Na2S, and 1 mL of 0.5 M CuSO4 reagents, which allowed for quantitatively precipitating Hg from up to 10 L of seawater. The protocol was validated by testing synthetic solutions with varying Hg and iodide (I-) concentrations and by comparing the reaction times of various reagents added. The method resulted in a quantitative recovery of 98 ± 12% (n = 32, two standard deviations, 2 SD) and a relatively low procedure blank (103 pg of Hg, n = 8). The precipitates were filtrated and analyzed for Hg isotopes. Repeated measurements of synthetic seawaters spiked with certificated standard materials (NIST 3133 and 3177) using the entire method gave identical Hg isotope ratios with near-quantitative Hg recovery, indicating no isotope fractionation during preconcentration. A total of six nearshore seawater samples from the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea (China) were analyzed using the coprecipitation method. The data showed a large fractionation of Hg isotopes and revealed the possible impact of both atmospheric and anthropogenic inputs to the coastal seawater Hg budget, implying the potential application of this method in studying marine Hg systematics and global Hg cycling.

15.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(undefined)2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799469

RESUMO

Emerging evidence revealed the critical roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in maintaining genomic instability. However, genome instability-associated lncRNAs (GILncRNAs) and their performance in clinical prognostic significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are rarely reported. Our study constructed a computational framework integrating somatic mutation information and lncRNA expression profiles of HCC genome and we identified 88 GILncRNAs of HCC. Function enrichment analysis revealed that GILncRNAs were involved in various metabolism processes and genome instability of cancer. A genome instability-derived lncRNA-based gene signature (GILncSig) was constructed using training set data. The performance of GILncSig for outcome prediction was validated in testing set and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) set. The multivariate cox regression analysis and stratification analysis demonstrated GILncSig could serve as an independent prognostic factor for the overall survival of HCC patients. The time-dependent Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve illustrated GILncSig outperformed two recently published lncRNA signatures for overall survival prediction. The combination of GILncSig and tumor protein p53 (TP53) mutation status exhibited better prognostic performance in survival evaluation compared to TP53 mutation status alone. AC145343.1 was further validated to be a risk factor for HCC in vitro among GILncSig. Overall, our study provided a novel approach for identification of genome instability-associated lncRNAs and established an independent risk score system for outcome prediction of HCC patients, which provided a new insight for exploring in-depth mechanism and potential therapy strategy.

17.
Chemistry ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791739

RESUMO

Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is wildly used in clinical treatments. However, the online monitoring of the thrombosis formation is limited due to the challenges of the direct visualization of embolic agents and the real-time monitoring of dynamic blood flow. Thus, we developed a photochemical afterglow implant with strong afterglow intensity and a long lifetime for embolization and imaging. The liquid pre-implant injected into the abdominal aorta of mice was rapidly transformed into a hydrogel in situ to embolize the blood vessel. The vascular embolism position can be observed by the enhanced afterglow of the fixed implant, and the long lifetime of afterglow can also be used to monitor the effect of embolization. This provides an excellent candidate in bio-imaging to avoid the autofluorescence interference from continuous light excitation. The study suggests the potential usefulness of the implant as an embolic agent in TAE and artery imaging during a surgical procedure.

18.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755396

RESUMO

The reduced density of cardiac autonomic nerves plays an important role in malignant arrhythmia after myocardial infarction (MI). Previous studies have shown that there is an interaction between the brain and the heart, and fastigial nucleus electrostimulation (FNS) promotes central nerve regeneration. Whether and how it can promote cardiac nerve regeneration after MI and the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. This study investigated whether FNS promotes cardiac nerve regeneration and reduces malignant arrhythmia inducibility in a post-infarction rat model. Ninety-eight Wistar rats were randomly assigned to Sham control, MI (left anterior descending coronary artery ligation without FNS), FNS (MI plus FNS), and FNL (fastigial nucleus lesion plus FNS plus MI) groups. The frequency of malignant arrhythmia was significantly lower in the FNS group than in the MI and FNL groups. The density of cardiac autonomic nerves was less in the MI group than in the Sham group, which was promoted by FNS. The nerve growth factor (NGF) mRNA expression was downregulated in the MI group compared to the Sham group, which was significantly enhanced by FNS. The expression levels of norepinephrine (NE) and acetylcholine (ACh) were higher and lower respectively in the MI and FNL groups than in the Sham group. After FNS, NE concentration was reduced and Ach level was elevated compared to the MI group. These data suggested that FNS promoted the regeneration of cardiac autonomic nerves and reduced the incidence of malignant arrhythmias in MI rat model. The mechanisms might involve up-regulation of NGF mRNA expression, decrease of NE release and increase of ACh release.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151307, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748827

RESUMO

Atmospheric brown carbon (BrC) is a light-absorbing component that affects radiative forcing; however, this effect requires further clarification, particularly with respect to BrC emission sources, chromophores, and optical properties. In the present study, the concentrations, optical properties, and emission factors of organic carbon (OC), water-soluble OC (WSOC), and humic-like substances (HULIS) in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted from vehicles in three road tunnels (the Wucun, Xianyue, and Wenxing tunnels in Xiamen, China) were investigated. The mass concentrations and light absorption of OC, WSOC, and HULIS were higher at the exits of each tunnel than at entrances, demonstrating that vehicle emissions were a BrC source. At each tunnel's exit, the average light absorption contributed by HULIS-BrC to water-soluble BrC (WS-BrC) and total BrC at 365 nm was higher than the corresponding carbon mass concentration contributed by HULIS (HULIS-C) to WSOC and OC, indicating that the chromophores of HULIS emitted from vehicles had a disproportionately high effect on the light absorption characteristics of BrC. The emission factors (EFs) of HULIS-C and WSOC mass concentrations were highest at the Xianyue tunnel; however, the EFs of HULIS-BrC and WS-BrC light absorption were highest at the Wenxing tunnel, indicating that the chromophore composition of BrC was different among the tunnels and that the mass concentration EFs did not correspond directly to the light absorption EFs.

20.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 759820, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746152

RESUMO

Recently, the effect of endocrine-disrupting chemicals on the cancer procession has been a concern. Nonylphenol (NP) is a common environmental estrogen that has been shown to enhance the proliferation of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells in our previous studies; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we confirmed the increased concentration of NP in the serum of patients with CRC. RNA sequencing was used to explore the differentially expressed genes after NP exposure. We found 16 upregulated genes and 12 downregulated genes in COLO205 cells after NP treatment. Among these differentially expressed genes, we found that coiled-coil domain containing 80 (CCDC80) was downregulated by NP treatment and was associated with CRC progression. Further experiments revealed that the overexpression of CCDC80 significantly suppressed NP-induced cell proliferation and recovered the reduced cell apoptosis. Meanwhile, the overexpression of CCDC80 significantly inhibited the activation of ERK1/2 induced by NP treatment. ERK1/2 inhibitor (PD98059) treatment also suppressed NP-induced CRC cell growth, but the overexpression of CCDC80 did not enhance the effect of ERK1/2 inhibitor. Taken together, NP treatment significantly inhibited the expression of CCDC80, and the overexpression of CCDC80 suppressed NP-induced CRC cell growth by inhibiting the activation of ERK1/2. These results suggest that NP could induce CRC cell growth by influencing the expression of multiple genes. CCDC80 and ERK1/2 inhibitors may be suitable therapeutic targets in NP-related CRC progression.

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