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1.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 889: 173493, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860808

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignant neoplasms of the digestive system, with China leading in terms of morbidity and mortality rates. Betulinic acid (BA) is a widely-occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid that has been reported to exhibit potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antitumor activities. BA can combat tumors by inducing apoptosis, regulating cell cycle, and inhibiting autophagy, but its mechanism of action in the context of GC is unclear. A preliminary study found that higher expression of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) was correlated with migration in the GC cell line. In this study, BGC-823 cells and MNK45 cells were treated with BA for investigating its effect on the proliferation and migration of cells. Moreover, the expression of VASP and upstream signal molecules were also investigated in this background. The results showed BA could inhibit the proliferation and migration the GC cells. Furthermore, NF-κB acted as a transcription factor to upregulate VASP expression. Moreover, BA could downregulate the expression of VASP at the protein and mRNA level by inhibiting NF-κB activity. In conclusion, these results suggest that BA could inhibit the expression of VASP by negatively regulating NF-κB, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of the GC cells. Our study provides a theoretical basis for exploring the molecular mechanism underlying BA-induced inhibition of proliferation and migration in GC cells.

2.
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 23(11): 681-4, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22093315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the situation of the device-associated infection (DAI) in the medical-surgical intensive care unit(ICU)inpatients in an A-level tertiary class hospital in Beijing. METHODS: DAI date were collected through a surveillance on the medical-surgical ICU inpatients in an A-level tertiary class hospital in Beijing from January 2008 to December 2010. RESULTS: In 2279 patients admitted to the medical-surgical ICU (with a 15,332 days total hospitalization stay), 283 were found infected. The incidence for in-hospital infection was 12.42%, and 2.452% for the incidence per patient-day. The device utilization ratios for ventilator, central venous catheter and urinary catheter were 56.76%, 59.01% and 80.07% respectively while the incidence for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) were 1.632%, 0.409% and 0.350% respectively. The predominant bacteria species found in these cases were Gram-negatives and the main stay of pathogenic species were A. baumannii, P. aeruginosa, Staphylococcus, E. coli, K. pneumoniae and C. albicans etc. CONCLUSION: The incidence of DAI in the surveyed hospital is close to other hospitals in China and other developing countries but higher than hospitals in United States. More efforts should be made for its prevention / control by hospital stuff, with the cooperation from the patients.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Equipamentos e Provisões/efeitos adversos , Pacientes Internados , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora/microbiologia , China , Contaminação de Equipamentos , Equipamentos e Provisões/microbiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/prevenção & controle , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/prevenção & controle
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