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1.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(5): 528-531, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effects of the different thicknesses of body-shade resin layers on the color of polyetheretherketone (PEEK)-Crea.lign restorations. METHODS: Five PEEK specimens with the thickness of 0.6 mm were prepared. The color values of PEEK specimens were measured. Afterward, opaque-shade resin layers (0.1 mm) and body-shade resin layers (1.5 mm) were stacked with mold. The five specimens were evenly ground to a thickness of 1.4, 1.2, 1.0, 0.8, 0.6, 0.4, 0.2, and 0.0 mm in sequence. After grinding and ultrasonic cleaning, the color value was measured. RESULTS: With the constant thickness of PEEK and 0.1 mm thickness of opaque-shade resin layer, the L*, a*, and b* values all showed downward trend with the increased thickness of the body-shade resin layer (1.0-1.4 mm). With the constant thickness of PEEK and 0.1 mm thickness of opaque-shade resin layer, the color difference between the adjacent groups was less than 1.5 NBS. This difference between nonadjacent groups was more than 1.5 NBS when the thickness of the body-shade resin layer reached 0.6 mm. Color difference between PEEK-Crea.lign restoration and PEEK was more than 1.5 NBS. CONCLUSIONS: The thickness change in the body-shade resin layers influence the color of the PEEK-Crea.lign restorations. Using A2 shade Crea.lign, opaque-shade resin layer thickness is 0.1 and 0.6 mm thickness of body-shade resin layer can produce color which clinically acceptable.


Assuntos
Cor , Resinas Compostas , Cetonas , Benzofenonas , Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros
2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 126(14): 2676-80, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23876895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control gene expression by destabilizing target transcripts and inhibiting their translation. Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been described in many human diseases, including schizophrenia. However, the effects on miRNA expression in response to antipsychotic treatment in peripheral circulation have not been thoroughly examined. METHODS: Using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), We quantified the expression of seven candidate miRNAs in plasma samples of 40 first-episode schizophrenics before and after antipsychotic treatment. The patients were all treated with risperidone and achieved remission in 1 year. RESULTS: Compared with the baseline, the expression levels of miR-365 and miR-520c-3p were significantly down-regulated after 1 year of risperidone treatment (P < 0.001). There were no significant correlations between the clinical symptoms and the expression levels of these two miRNAs (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study analyzed possible circulating miRNAs in response to antipsychotic monotherapy for schizophrenia, the further mechanism need to be confirmed.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , MicroRNAs/sangue , Risperidona/uso terapêutico , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Esquizofrenia/genética
3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 195-8, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21598498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the influence of nano-silica content which was hydrolyzed by tetraethyl orthosioate (TEOS) on the aluminum borate whisker (AlBw) and silica filler composite resins on flexural properties. METHODS: The nanometer-size silicon dioxide (SiO2) particles were prepared by sol-gel method based on tetraethyl orthosioate. Different proportion of AlBw and SiO2 were fused and attached onto the surface of AlBw through high temperature, then polymerized with resin matrix after surface siliconization and their flexural strength and flexural modulus were determined. The effects of heat treatment to the surface morphology of AlBw and the shapes of the mixture at various proportions were characterized by TEM. RESULTS: The flexural properties of dental composite resins with AlBw-SiO2 compound as inorganic fillers were significantly improved. The flexural property of a new type of dental composite resins was(130.29 +/- 8.38) MPa, when the mass ratio of AlBw and nano-SiO2 particle was 3:1. CONCLUSION: Nano-silica content which was hydrolyzed by tetraethyl orthosioate improved flexural properties of the aluminum borate whisker and silica filler composite resins.


Assuntos
Boratos , Dióxido de Silício , Resinas Acrílicas , Alumínio , Animais , Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Maleabilidade , Poliuretanos , Silanos , Vibrissas
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 42(6): 681-6, 2010 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21170100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neurocognitive performance in first-episode schizophrenic patients and unaffected first-degree relatives of different patients samples. METHODS: A total of 42 patients with first-episode schizophrenia, 24 unaffected first-degree relatives and 40 healthy individuals, matched with age, gender and years of education, were recruited from both outpatients and inpatients after being diagnosed with structured tool (SCID-I/P). Subjects' cognitive performance was evaluated by a set of neuropsychological test battery, which assessed four cognitive domains including learning and memory, motor skills, speed of processing and executive function. RESULTS: Healthy individuals performed better than first-episode schizophrenic patients in nearly all cognitive domains (ES=0.63-1.54) with exception of inhibition sub-domain. first-degree relatives showed moderate impairment in verbal learning (ES=0.62), digital symbol (ES=1.05), symbol search (ES=1.18), animal category (ES=0.80) and WCST perseverate errors (ES=0.68). Degree of impairment in first-degree relatives was less than that in the patients. CONCLUSION: Patients with first-episode schizophrenia have global neurocognitive deficits. Independent first-degree relatives also have deficits in some neurocognitive domains, with a moderate degree between patients and normal controls. Our results indicate that neurocognitive performance may be viewed as a biomarker for candidates reflecting genetic liability for schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Cognição , Família/psicologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Comportamento Verbal , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Pharm ; 349(1-2): 241-8, 2008 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17919859

RESUMO

Rapamycin-loaded chitosan/polylactic acid nanoparticles with size of about 300 nm in diameter were prepared through nanoprecipitation method using cholesterol-modified chitosan as a stabilizer. The surface coating of chitosan, which was demonstrated by zeta potential measurement, endowed the nanoparticles good retention ability at the procorneal area, facilitating the sustained release of rapamycin on the corneal. The immunosuppression in corneal transplantation of the nanoparticles was investigated using rabbit as animal model, the median survival time of the corneal allografts treated with nanoparticles was 27.2+/-1.03 days and 50% grafts still remained surviving by the end of the observation, while the group treated with 0.5% rapamycin suspension was 23.7+/-3.20 days. The median survival time of drug-free nanoparticles group and untreated groups were 10.9+/-1.45 and 10.6+/-1.26 days, respectively. The results demonstrated the excellent immunosuppression of rapamycin-loaded chitosan/polylactic acid nanoparticles in corneal transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Córnea/imunologia , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Administração Tópica , Animais , Química Farmacêutica , Quitosana , Colesterol , Portadores de Fármacos , Eletroquímica , Marcação por Isótopo , Ácido Láctico , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nanopartículas , Soluções Oftálmicas , Poliésteres , Polímeros , Coelhos , Cintilografia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Solubilidade , Pentetato de Tecnécio Tc 99m
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