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1.
Food Chem ; 372: 131208, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601418

RESUMO

A simple, environmentally-friendly and reliable method was developed to simultaneously monitor the residue of methyl 1-naphthalene acetate, parathion-methyl, fenitrothion, bromophos and phenthoate in pomelo by using dispersive solid-phase extraction technique (d-SPE). In this method, these target analytes were captured by MIL-125-NH2 and detected by GC-MS/MS. The key parameters of d-SPE were optimized by the single factor experiment. Under the optimized conditions, a good determination coefficient (R2 > 0.9922) and extraction recoveries (64.7-116.8%) are obtained. The limit of detections (0.03-1.07 ng/g) is lower than the MRLs in citrus fruits established by EU (10-15000 ng/g) and China (10-10000 ng/g). The precisions of intra-day and inter-day are 1.3-8.9% and 3.8-14.9%, respectively. In addition, the sorbent MIL-125-NH2 is stable and can be reused at least eight times. These results prove the established method is efficient and reliable to detect the pesticide residues in pomelo.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Frutas/química , Dietilamida do Ácido Lisérgico/análogos & derivados , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Front Nutr ; 8: 769223, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778348

RESUMO

Bovine milk-derived extracellular vesicles (BM-EVs) are recognized as promising nanoscale delivery vectors owing to their large availability. However, few isolation methods can achieve high purity and yield simultaneously. Therefore, we developed a novel and cost-effective procedure to separate BM-EVs via "salting-out." First, BM-EVs were isolated from skimmed milk using ammonium sulfate. The majority of BM-EVs were precipitated between 30 and 40% saturation and 34% had a relatively augmented purity. The separated BM-EVs showed a spherical shape with a diameter of 60-150 nm and expressed the marker proteins CD63, TSG101, and Hsp70. The purity and yield were comparable to the BM-EVs isolated via ultracentrifugation while ExoQuick failed to separate a relatively pure fraction of BM-EVs. The uptake of BM-EVs into endothelial cells was dose- and time-dependent without significant cytotoxicity. The levels of endothelial nitric oxide syntheses were regulated by BM-EVs loaded with icariside II and miRNA-155-5p, suggesting their functions as delivery vehicles. These findings have demonstrated that it is an efficient procedure to isolate BM-EVs via "salting-out," holding great promise toward therapeutic applications.

3.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(15): 4254-4270, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803496

RESUMO

Rationale: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous ~22nt RNAs that play critical regulatory roles in various biological and pathological processes, including various cancers. Their function in renal cancer has not been fully elucidated. It has been reported that miR-196a can act as oncogenes or as tumor suppressors depending on their target genes. However, the molecular target for miR-196a and the underlying mechanism in miR-196a promoted cell migration and invasion in renal cancer is still not clear. Methods: The expression, survival and correlation between miR-196a and BRAM1 were investigated using TCGA analysis and validated by RT-PCR and western blot. To visualize the effect of Bram1 on tumor metastasis in vivo, NOD-SCID gamma (NSG) mice were intravenously injected with RCC4 cells (106 cells/mouse) or RCC4 overexpressing Bram1. In addition, cell proliferation assays, migration and invasion assays were performed to examine the role of miR-196a in renal cells in vitro. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation was done to explore the binding targets of Bram1. Results: TCGA gene expression data from renal clear cell carcinoma patients showed a lower level of Bram1 expression in patients' specimens compared to adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, Kaplan­Meier survival data clearly show that high expression of Bram1correlates to poor prognosis in renal carcinoma patients. Our mouse metastasis model confirmed that Bram1 overexpression resulted in an inhibition in tumor metastasis. Target-prediction analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that Bram1 is a direct target of miR-196a in renal cells. Further, our in vitro functional assays revealed that miR-196a promotes renal cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Rescue of Bram1 expression reversed miR-196a-induced cell migration. MiR-196a promotes renal cancer cell migration by directly targeting Bram1 and inhibits Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation and MAPK pathways through BMPR1A and EGFR. Conclusions: Our findings thus provide a new mechanism on the oncogenic role of miR-196a and the tumor-suppressive role of Bram1 in renal cancer cells. Dysregulated miR-196a and Bram1 represent potential prognostic biomarkers and may have therapeutic applications in renal cancer.

4.
Mol Immunol ; 140: 196-205, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) derived exosomes (Exos) aggravate GC development by facilitating M2 macrophage polarization and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HCG18 was highly expressed in GC. This study aimed to investigate whether the exosomal lncRNA HCG18 regulated the M2 macrophage polarization in GC and the possible mechanism. METHODS: The isolated GC cells (GCCs)-Exos were identified using transmission electron microscopy, Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis and Western blot. The GCCs-Exos function was verified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry. Meanwhile, the exosomal lncRNA HCG18 function was determined using thein vitro assays. Furthermore, the underlying mechanism of the exosomal lncRNA HCG18 that regulated M2 macrophage polarization in GC was investigated using dual-luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA pull-down. RESULTS: After the validation of GCCs-Exos, the GCCs-Exos facilitated the M2 macrophage polarization. The in vitro assays confirmed that the exosomal lncRNA HCG18 positively regulated the M2 macrophage polarization. Mechanistically, lncRNA HCG18 bound to miR-875-3p, miR-875-3p bound to KLF4. Furthermore, GCCs-exosomal lncRNA HCG18 elevated the KLF4 expression by decreasing miR-875-3p in macrophages to facilitate M2 macrophage polarization, thus alleviating GC. The in vivo assays clarified that the GCCs-exosomal lncRNA HCG18 restrained the tumor growth of GC induced by M2 macrophages. CONCLUSION: GCCs-exosomal lncRNA HCG18 elevated KLF4 expression by decreasing miR-875-3p in macrophages to facilitate the M2 macrophage polarization.

5.
Chemistry ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811829

RESUMO

Upon fusing the pyrazinyl pyrazole entity in giving pyrazolo[3,4- f ]quinoxaline chelate, the corresponding Os(II) based NIR emitter exhibited "invisible" and efficient electroluminescence with peak max. at 811 nm and a maximum external quantum efficiency of 0.97% and suppressed efficiency roll-off till a current density of 300 mA cm -2 .

6.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 395, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785655

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of the TGF-ß/SMAD signaling pathway is often observed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Whether lncRNA regulates the TGF-ß/SMAD signaling remains largely unknown. Here, we identified an oncogenic lncRNA that was upregulated in HCC and was transcriptionally induced by TGF-ß (named lnc-UTGF, lncRNA upregulated by TGF-ß). Upon TGF-ß stimulation, SMAD2/3 bound to the lnc-UTGF promoter and activated lnc-UTGF expression. In turn, the TGF-ß/SMAD signaling was augmented by overexpressing lnc-UTGF, but was inhibited by silencing lnc-UTGF. Mechanism investigations revealed that lnc-UTGF interacted with the mRNAs of SMAD2 and SMAD4 via complementary base-pairing, resulting in enhanced stability of SMAD2/4 mRNAs. These data suggest a novel TGF-ß/SMAD/lnc-UTGF positive feedback circuitry. Subsequent gain- and loss-of-function analyses disclosed that lnc-UTGF promoted the migration and invasion of hepatoma cells, and this effect of lnc-UTGF was attenuated by repressing SMAD2/4 expression or by mutating the SMAD2/4-binding sites in lnc-UTGF. Studies using mouse models further confirmed that in vivo metastasis of hepatoma xenografts was inhibited by silencing lnc-UTGF, but was enhanced by ectopic expression of lnc-UTGF. The lnc-UTGF level was positively correlated with the SMAD2/4 levels in xenografts. Consistently, we detected an association of lnc-UTGF upregulation with increase of SMAD2, SMAD4, and their metastasis effector SNAIL1 in human HCC. And high lnc-UTGF level was also significantly associated with enhanced metastasis potential, advanced TNM stages, and worse recurrence-free survival. Conclusion: there exists a lnc-UTGF-mediated positive feedback loop of the TGF-ß signaling and its deregulation promotes hepatoma metastasis. These findings may provide a new therapeutic target for HCC metastasis.

7.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806863

RESUMO

Delivery systems play a crucial role in enhancing the activity of active substances; however, they require complex processing techniques and raw material design to achieve the desired properties. In this regard, raw materials that can be easily processed for different delivery systems are garnering attention. Among these raw materials, shellac, which is the only pharmaceutically used resin of animal origin, has been widely used in the development of various delivery systems owing to its pH responsiveness, biocompatibility, and degradability. Notably, shellac performs better on encapsulating hydrophobic active substances than other natural polymers, such as polysaccharides and proteins. In addition, specially designed shellac-based delivery systems can also be used for the codelivery of hydrophilic and hydrophobic active substances. Shellac is most widely used for oral administration, as shellac-based delivery systems can form a compact structure through hydrophobic interaction, protecting transported active substances from the harsh environment of the stomach to achieve targeted delivery in the small intestine or colon. In this review, the advantages of shellac in delivery systems are discussed in detail. Multiscale shellac-based delivery systems from the macroscale to nanoscale are comprehensively introduced, including matrix tablets, films, enteric coatings, hydrogels, microcapsules, microparticles (beads/spheres), nanoparticles, and nanofibers. Furthermore, the hotspots, deficiencies, and future perspectives of shellac-based delivery system development are also analyzed. We hoped this review will increase the understanding of shellac-based delivery systems and inspire their further development.

8.
EMBO Rep ; : e52124, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647680

RESUMO

This study explores the role of the long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) CRNDE in cisplatin (CDDP) resistance of gastric cancer (GC) cells. Here, we show that LncRNA CRNDE is upregulated in carcinoma tissues and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) of GC patients. In vitro experiments show that CRNDE is enriched in M2-polarized macrophage-derived exosomes (M2-exo) and is transferred from M2 macrophages to GC cells via exosomes. Silencing CRNDE in M2-exo reverses the promotional effect of M2-exo on cell proliferation in CDDP-treated GC cells and homograft tumor growth in CDDP-treated nude mice. Mechanistically, CRNDE facilitates neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated protein 4-1 (NEDD4-1)-mediated phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) ubiquitination. Silencing CRNDE in M2-exo enhances the CDDP sensitivity of GC cells treated with M2-exo, which is reduced by PTEN knockdown. Collectively, these data reveal a vital role for CRNDE in CDDP resistance of GC cells and suggest that the upregulation of CRNDE in GC cells may be attributed to the transfer of TAM-derived exosomes.

9.
Trials ; 22(1): 685, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent synovial hyperplasia with inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is one of the main pathogeneses of refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RRA). Photodynamic therapy (PDT) causes less trauma than steroid injections or arthroscopic synovectomy while providing stronger targeting and more durable curative effects. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the short-, medium-, and long-term clinical efficacy of PDT when applied as a treatment for RRA synovial hyperplasia and synovitis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol is for a single-center, randomized, double-blind, blank-controlled prospective trial. A sample of 126 RRA patients will be randomly divided into 3 groups: the control group, the "PDT once" group, and the "PDT twice" group, with 42 participants per group. The trial will be conducted by the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of the Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University. The Ultrasound Compound Score of Synovitis (UCSS) has been selected as the primary outcome measure. The secondary outcome measures include knee joint clinical assessments, ratio of relapse, duration of remission, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28), inflammation indexes, serum concentrations of specific antibodies, and changes in articular structures as detected by X-ray scans in the 48th week. The improvement ratios of the UCSS at the 8th, 24th, and 48th weeks (compared with baseline) reflect short-, medium-, and long-term time frames, respectively. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of the Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, China (Approval No. granted by the ethics committee: NFZXYEC-2017-005) and then entered in the Chinese Clinical Trials Registry under registration number ChiCTR1800014918 (approval date: February 21, 2018). All procedures are in accordance with Chinese laws and regulations and with the Declaration of Helsinki by the World Medical Association (WMA). Any modifications of this protocol during execution will need additional approval from the Ethics Committee of our hospital. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1800014918 .


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fotoquimioterapia , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 741263, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658843

RESUMO

Postoperative neurocognitive disorders (po-NCD), including postoperative delirium (POD) and delayed neurocognitive recovery (dNCR), are common in geriatric surgical patients. However, the ideal diagnostic biomarkers to predict individual risks of po-NCDs have not been identified. In this study, proteomic analysis was used to detect dysregulated proteins in three cognitive-related brain regions, the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and temporal lobe, of aged dNCR rats. The common affected proteins in these three brain regions were further verified by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Furthermore, serum samples from aged rats with dNCR and elderly hip fracture patients with POD were also assessed with enzyme linked immunosorbent assays to investigate the biomarker potential of these dysregulated proteins. The increased expression levels of haptoglobin, caseinolytic protease (ClpP), and alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M) as well as decreased expression levels of 14-3-3ß/α and biliverdin reductase-A (BVR-A) were validated by proteomic analysis in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and temporal lobe of aged dNCR rats. The increased expression of haptoglobin and decreased expression of 14-3-3ß/α were further demonstrated in the three brain regions by western blotting. Moreover, increased levels of S100A6 and BVR-A in the hippocampus, S100A6 in the prefrontal cortex, and A2M in the temporal lobe were also observed. More intriguingly, both decreased serum 14-3-3ß/α and increased A2M in geriatric POD patients as well as decreased serum ClpP in aged dNCR rats were verified. These results not only indicate potential diagnostic biomarkers for po-NCD but also provide directions for further pathological investigations. Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier [ChiCTR1900027393].

11.
iScience ; 24(10): 103165, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693222

RESUMO

Persistent activation of fibroblasts and resistance of myofibroblasts to turnover play important roles in organ-tissue fibrosis development and progression. The mechanism that mediates apoptosis resistance of myofibroblasts is not understood. Here, we report that myofibroblasts express and secrete PKM2. Extracellular PKM2 (EcPKM2) facilitates progression of fibrosis by protecting myofibroblasts from apoptosis. EcPKM2 upregulates arginase-1 expression in myofibroblasts and therefore facilitates proline biosynthesis and subsequent collagen production. EcPKM2 interacts with integrin αvß3 on myofibroblasts to activate FAK-PI3K signaling axis. Activation of FAK-PI3K by EcPKM2 activates downstream NF-κB survival pathway to prevent myofibroblasts from apoptosis. On the other hand, activation of FAK- PI3K by EcPKM2 suppresses PTEN to subsequently upregulate arginase-1 in myofibroblasts. Our studies uncover an important mechanism for organ fibrosis progression. More importantly, an antibody disrupting the interaction between PKM2 and integrin αvß3 is effective in reversing fibrosis, suggesting a possible therapeutic strategy and target for treatment of organ fibrosis.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596967

RESUMO

Patients with cardiovascular comorbidity are less tolerant to cardiotoxic drugs and should be treated with reduced doses to prevent cardiotoxicity. However, the safe-equivalent dose of antitumor drugs in patients with cardiovascular disease/risk is difficult to predict because they are usually excluded from clinical trials as a result of ethical considerations. In this study, a translational quantitative system pharmacology-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (QSP-PK-PD) model was developed based on preclinical study to predict the safe-equivalence dose of doxorubicin in patients with or without cardiovascular disease. Virtual clinical trials were conducted to validate the translational QSP-PK-PD model. The model replicated several experimental and clinical observations: the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was reduced and the left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) was elevated in systolic dysfunction rats, the LVEF was preserved and LVEDV reduced in diastolic dysfunction rats, and patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease were more vulnerable to doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction than cardiovascular healthy patients. A parameter sensitivity analysis showed that doxorubicin-induced cardiovascular dysfunction was mainly determined by the sensitivity of cardiomyocytes to cardiotoxic drugs and the baseline value of LVEDV, reflected in LVEF change percentage from the baseline. Blood pressure was the least sensitive factor affecting doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(42): 17716-17723, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608802

RESUMO

Membrane technology is attractive for natural gas separation (removing CO2, H2O, and hydrocarbons from CH4) because of membranes' low energy consumption and small environmental footprint. Compared to polymeric membranes, microporous inorganic membranes such as silicoaluminophosphate-34 (SAPO-34) membrane can retain their separation performance under conditions close to industrial requirements. However, moisture and hydrocarbons in natural gas can be strongly adsorbed in the pores of those membranes, thereby reducing the membrane separation performance. Herein, we report the fabrication of a polycrystalline MIL-160 membrane on an Al2O3 substrate by in situ hydrothermal synthesis. The MIL-160 membrane with a thickness of ca. 3 µm shows a remarkable molecular sieving effect in gas separation. Besides, the pore size and environment of the MIL-160 membrane can be precisely controlled using reticular chemistry by regulating the size and functionality of the ligand. Interestingly, the more polar fluorine-functionalized multivariate MIL-160/CAU-10-F membrane exhibits a 10.7% increase in selectivity for CO2/CH4 separation and a 31.2% increase in CO2 permeance compared to those of the MIL-160 membrane. In addition, hydrophobic MIL-160 membranes and MIL-160/CAU-10-F membranes are more resistant to water vapor and hydrocarbons than the hydrophilic SAPO-34 membranes.

14.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(5): 795-804, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708236

RESUMO

Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has been identified as an inhibitor of platelet function and an inducer of fibrinogen protein complex. However, the regulatory mechanism of FXR in hemostatic system remains incompletely understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the functions of FXR in regulating antithrombin III (AT III). C57BL/6 mice and FXR knockout (FXR KO) mice were treated with or without GW4064 (30 mg/kg per day). FXR activation significantly prolonged prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), lowered activity of activated factor X (FXa) and concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and activated factor II (FIIa), and increased level of AT III, whereas all of these effects were markedly reversed in FXR KO mice. In vivo, hepatic AT III mRNA and protein expression levels were up-regulated in wild-type mice after FXR activation, but down-regulated in FXR KO mice. In vitro study showed that FXR activation induced, while FXR knockdown inhibited, AT III expression in mouse primary hepatocytes. The luciferase assay and ChIP assay revealed that FXR can bind to the promoter region of AT III gene where FXR activation increased AT III transcription. These results suggest FXR activation inhibits coagulation process via inducing hepatic AT III expression in mice. The present study reveals a new role of FXR in hemostatic homeostasis and indicates that FXR might act as a potential therapeutic target for diseases related to hypercoagulation.


Assuntos
Antitrombina III , Hepatócitos , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares , Animais , Coagulação Sanguínea , Fígado , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética
16.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 8931-8942, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643152

RESUMO

Neonatal infectious pneumonia (NIP) is a common infectious disease that develops in the neonatal period. The purpose of our study was to explore the potential roles of 25(OH)-Vitamin D (25-OH-VD) and its anti-inflammatory mechanism in NIP. The results showed that serum 25-OH-VD level was negatively correlated with the severity of NIP, whereas Spearman's correlation analysis showed a significant positive correlation between the severity of NIP and the levels of pneumonia markers procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) was down-regulated, while the transforming growth factor ß (TGFß), nuclear YAP, and TAZ were up-regulated in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of neonates with severe pneumonia. Neonates with 25-OH-VD deficiency were associated with an increased risk of NIP. In BEAS-2B cells, down-regulation of nuclear YAP and TAZ was found in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) + VD group relative to the LPS-induced group. Additionally, positive rate of nuclear YAP, as detected by immunocytochemistry (ICC), and the nuclear translocation of nuclear YAP/TAZ by IFA in the LPS+VD group showed an intermediate level between that of the control and LPS-induced groups. Furthermore, the expressions of VDR and CYP27B1 were significantly increased in the LPS+VD group as compared to those in the LPS-induced group. The anti-inflammatory mechanism in NIP was achieved due to the 25-OH-VD mediating TGFß/YAP/TAZ pathway, which suggested that using 25-OH-VD might be a potential strategy for NIP treatment.

17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 226: 113850, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628235

RESUMO

The human tyrosinase is the most prominent therapeutic target for pigmentary skin disorders. However, the overwhelming majority efforts have been devoted to search mushroom tyrosinase inhibitors, which show poor inhibitory activity on human tyrosinase and certain side effects that cause skin damage in practical application. Herein, a series of degraders that directly targeted human tyrosinase was firstly designed and synthesized based on newly developed PROTAC technology. The best PROTAC TD9 induced human tyrosinase degradation obviously in dose and time-dependent manner, and its mechanism of inducing tyrosinase degradation has also been clearly demonstrated. Besides, encouraging results that low-toxicity PROTAC TD9 was applied to reduce zebrafish melanin synthesis have been obtained, highlighting the potential to treatment of tyrosinase-related disorders. Moreover, this work has innovatively expanded the application scope of PROTAC technology and laid a solid foundation for further development of novel drugs treating pigmentary skin disorders.

18.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 141: 106100, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The occurrence of recurrence and metastasis after treatment is a major challenge in the treatment of gastric cancer. This study was based on the methionine (Met)-dependent characteristics of gastric cancer cells to explore the effect of Met deficiency on the occurrence and development of gastric cancer. METHODS: Human gastric cancer cell lines MKN45 and AGS and nude mice model were used to explore how Met affects gastric cancer by regulating lncRNA PVT1. RESULTS: The levels of lncRNA PVT1 in gastric cancer cells and human gastric cancer xenografts of nude mice were down-regulated under the condition of Met deficiency. The cell viability and cell proliferation were declined after MKN45 and SGC-790 cells were cultured in Met-deficient medium. LncRNA PVT1 could affect BNIP3 promoter DNA methylation level through its interaction with DNMT1. Moreover, the silence of lncRNA PVT1 and the up-regulation of BNIP3 level inhibited the gastric cancer cell proliferation. Met deficiency could up-regulate BNIP3 expression by inhibiting the binding of lncRNA PVT1 to DNMT1, and activate mitophagy, thus inhibiting gastric cancer cell proliferation. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that Met deficiency could down-regulate the expression of lncRNA PVT1, further demethylated the promoter of BNIP3, thus inhibiting the proliferation of gastric cancer cells by activating mitophagy.

19.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(24): 7196-7204, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lateral facial clefts are atypical with a low incidence in the facial cleft spectrum. With the development of ultrasonography (US) prenatal screening, such facial malformations can be detected and diagnosed prenatally rather than at birth. Although three-dimensional US (3DUS) can render the fetus' face via 3D reconstruction, the 3D images are displayed on two-dimensional screens without field depth, which impedes the understanding of untrained individuals. In contrast, a 3D-printed model of the fetus' face helps both parents and doctors develop a more comprehensive understanding of the facial malformation by creating more interactive aspects. Herein, we present an isolated lateral facial cleft case that was diagnosed via US combined with a 3D-printed model. CASE SUMMARY: A 31-year-old G2P1 patient presented for routine prenatal screening at the 22nd wk of gestation. The coronal nostril-lip section of two-dimensional US (2DUS) demonstrated that the fetus' bilateral oral commissures were asymmetrical, and left oral commissure was abnormally wide. The left oblique-coronal section showed a cleft at the left oral commissure which extended to the left cheek. The results of 3DUS confirmed the cleft. Furthermore, we created a model of the fetal face using 3D printing technology, which clearly presented facial malformations. The fetus was diagnosed with a left lateral facial cleft, which was categorized as a No. 7 facial cleft according to the Tessier facial cleft classification. The parents terminated the pregnancy at the 24th wk of gestation after parental counseling. CONCLUSION: In the diagnostic course of the current case, in addition to the traditional application of 2D and 3DUS, we created a 3D-printed model of the fetus, which enhanced diagnostic evidence, benefited the education of junior doctors, improved parental counseling, and had the potential to guide surgical planning.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignancies. According to reports, the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) exhibits carcinogenic function in a variety of cancers. Therefore, EZH2 may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of human cancer. Macromolecular dextran sulfate (DS) has been displayed to play a critical role in tumor inhibition. However, the molecular mechanism by which DS mediates this effect is unclear. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we explored the effects of DS on the proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer and the related mechanisms. Cell proliferation and counting assays, as well as cell colony formation assays, revealed that DS inhibited the proliferation and tumorigenesis of GC cells. Additionally, flow cytometry analysis displayed that DS blocked the cell cycle of GC cells in the G1/S phase and promoted their apoptosis. METHODS: Bioinformatics analyses, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, immunohistochemistry, and other methods were applied to measure the expression of EZH2 in human GC cells and tissues. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Further studies have shown that DS treatment can reduce the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and increase the level of the ratio of Bax: Bcl-2 protein in GC cells. In addition, DS reduced EZH2 levels and increased CXXC finger protein 4 levels both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, down-regulation of EZH2 with EZH2 inhibitors reversed the inhibitory effect of DS on gastric cancer cells. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our work demonstrates that DS suppresses proliferation and promotes apoptosis of GC cells by regulating EZH2. Our study suggests that DS is a promising therapeutic compound for the treatment of GC.

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