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1.
Microbiol Spectr ; 9(3): e0184721, 2021 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937168

RESUMO

Recently, probiotics have been widely used as an adjuvant therapy to cure, prevent, or improve certain diseases. However, no research has been carried out into the dose of probiotics, especially the maximum dose. Therefore, the effective and safe dosage of probiotics needs to be studied. Recently, L. Yang, X. Bian, W. Wu, L. Lv, et al. (Microb Biotechnol 13:1860-1876, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.13629) discovered that Lactobacillus salivarius Li01 had a protective effect on thioacetamide-induced acute liver injury and hyperammonemia, and a fixed concentration (3 × 109 CFU/mL) of L. salivarius Li01 was applied in their study. However, the most effective treatment concentration of L. salivarius Li01 remains unknown. Therefore, four concentration gradients of L. salivarius Li01 suspension were prepared for groups of mice to have different levels of bacterial colonization by gavage. Then, acute liver injury and hyperammonemia were induced via thioacetamide administration. By observation and detection, an inverted U-shaped protective effect from L. salivarius Li01 existed in thioacetamide-induced acute liver injury and hyperammonemia. Of note, significant deterioration was confirmed within the group that was orally administered with an excessive concentration of L. salivarius Li01 suspension, and this was attributed to endotoxemia that resulted from compromised immunity, a damaged intestinal barrier, and bacterial translocation. IMPORTANCE This research investigated the relationship between the concentration of Lactobacillus salivarius Li01 and its impact on mice that had a thioacetamide-induced acute liver injury and hyperammonemia. These findings could provide new insights into the effective, proper, and safe use of probiotics.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 741378, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790120

RESUMO

Magnoflorine (Mag) has multiple pharmacological activities for the prevention and treatment of prostatitis. However, its molecular mechanisms andpharmacological targets are not clear. In this study, the ultra-performance liquid tandem mass spectrometry-based metabolomics method was used to clarify the intervention of Mag against prostatitis and the biological mechanism. A total of 25 biomarkers associated with the prostatitis model were identified by metabolomics, and a number of metabolic pathways closely related to the model were obtained by MetPA analysis. After given Mag treatment, the results of each indicator were shown that Mag alkaloid could inhibit the development of prostatitis effectively. We found that Mag had regulative effects on potential biomarkers of prostatitis model, which can regulate them to the control group. Our results indicated that alkaloids have an effective intervention therapy for prostatitis, and five types of metabolic pathways closely related to prostatitis model were obtained, including phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism. This study has provided the basic experimental data for the development of Mag in the prevention and treatment of prostatitis.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(21)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771533

RESUMO

C-Circles, self-primed telomeric C-strand templates for rolling circle amplification, are the only known alternative-lengthening-of-telomeres (ALT)-specific molecule. However, little is known about the biology of C-Circles and if they may be clinically useful. Here we show that C-Circles are secreted by ALT+ cancer cells inside exosomes, and that a blood-based C-Circle Assay (CCA) can provide an accurate diagnostic for ALT activity. Extracellular vesicles were isolated by differential centrifugation from the growth media of lung adenocarcinoma, glioblastoma, neuroblastoma, osteosarcoma, and soft tissue sarcoma cell lines, and C-Circles were detected in the exosome fraction from all eleven ALT+ cancer cell lines and not in any extracellular fraction from the eight matching telomerase positive cancer cell lines or the normal fibroblast strain. The existence of C-Circles in ALT+ exosomes was confirmed with exosomes isolated by iodixanol gradient separation and CD81-immunoprecipitation, and C-Circles in the exosomes were protected from nucleases. On average, 0.4% of the total ALT+ intracellular C-Circles were secreted in the exosomes every 24 h. Comparing the serum-based and tumor-based CCAs in 35 high risk neuroblastoma patients divided randomly into ALT+ threshold derivation and validation groups, we found the serum-based CCA to have 100% sensitivity (6/6), 70% specificity (7/10), and 81% concordance (13/16). We conclude that the secretion of C-Circles by ALT+ cancer cells in the exosomes provides a stable blood-based biomarker and a potential clinical diagnostic for ALT activity.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 694754, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676222

RESUMO

To investigate the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and evaluate whether CT scans, especially at a certain CT level, could be used to predict the severity of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. In total 118 confirmed patients had been enrolled. All data including epidemiological, clinical characteristics, laboratory results, and images were collected and analyzed when they were administrated for the first time. All patients were divided into two groups. There were 106 severe/critical patients and 12 common ones. A total of 38 of the patients were women. The mean age was 50.5 ± 11.5 years. Overall, 80 patients had a history of exposure. The median time from onset of symptoms to administration was 8.0 days. The main symptoms included fever, cough, anorexia, fatigue, myalgia, headaches, and chills. Lymphocytes and platelets decreased and lactate dehydrogenase increased with increased diseased severity (P < 0.05). Calcium and chloride ions were decreased more significantly in severe/critical patients than in common ones (P < 0.05). The main comorbidities were diabetes, chronic cardiovascular disease, and chronic pulmonary disease, which occurred in 47 patients. In all 69 patients had respiratory failure, which is the most common SARS-CoV-2 complication, and liver dysfunction presented in 37 patients. Nine patients received mechanical ventilation therapy. One patient received continuous blood purification and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (EMCO) treatments. The average stay was 18.1 ± 10.8 days. Four patients died. The median of the radiographic score was four in common, and five in the severe/critical illness, which was a significant difference between the two groups. The radiographic score was in negative correlation with OI (ρ = -0.467, P < 0.01). The OI in severe/critically ill cases decreased significantly as the disease progressed, which was related to the lesion area in the left lung and right lungs (ρ = 0.688, R = 0.733). OI, the lesion area in the left lung and right lungs, lymphocytes, etc. were associated with different degrees of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia (P < 0.05). The lesion area in both lungs were possible predictive factors for severe/critical cases. Patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia showed obvious clinical manifestations and laboratory result changes. Combining clinical features and the quantity of the lesion area in the fourth level of CT could effectively predict severe/critical SARS-CoV-2 cases.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(36): e27088, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is simple, convenient, inexpensive, proven, extensive, and safe for acupuncture in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). However, there are no comparisons between various acupuncture therapies that can directly and effectively provide specific guidance to clinicians. The development of a guideline for the optimization of acupuncture for PHN is of great importance for the development of clinical acupuncture. Therefore, we attempted to design a study protocol for a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for PHN to provide evidence to support the treatment of acupuncture for PHN. METHODS: A search of 8 databases, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wanfang, China Biomedical Literature Database, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science, was conducted to collect randomized controlled trials about acupuncture for PHN. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 14.0 software were used for data analysis. RESULTS: This meta-analysis will provide additional and more robust evidence for acupuncture treatment of PHN. Our findings will assist clinicians in making treatment decisions. CONCLUSION: This study will provide comprehensive and reliable evidence-based evidence for the treatment of PHN with acupuncture.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede
7.
Food Funct ; 12(20): 10239-10252, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546256

RESUMO

Lactobacillus salivarius (L. salivarius) has been widely used in dietary supplements and clinical treatments. Previous studies demonstrated the protective effect of L. salivarius LI01 on liver injury induced by D-galactosamine (D-GaIN) in rats. Accumulating evidence indicates that Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are highly coordinated; so in this study, we focus on the synergistic effect of L. salivarius LI01 and B. longum TC01 on the alleviation of liver injury caused by D-GaIN in rats and aim to find out the underlying interaction between the two strains. We observed reduced hepatic damage in the D-GaIN-treated rats with probiotic pre-administration, characterized by lower levels of AST and ALT (p < 0.05) and decreased HAI (Histological Activity Index) scores. Moreover, cotreatment with LI01 and TC01 more effectively decreases proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, MCP-1 and M-CSF (p < 0.05) so as to inhibit systemic inflammation. Gut barrier dysfunction was ameliorated with compound probiotic pretreatment, as evidenced by the ultrastructure integrity, decreased histological score and elevated TJP-1 expression. What's more, supplementation with LI01 and TC01 markedly alleviates gut dysbiosis in the G-DaIN-treated rats, with enrichment of short chain fatty acid (SCFA) producers Faecalibaculum and Eubacterium_xylanophilum_group, a decreased Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio and depletion of proinflammatory microbes, such as Peptococcaeae and Ruminococcaceae_UCG-005. This study highlights the synergistic effect of dietary supplements LI01 and TC01 on the protection against liver failure, which is probably via altering gut microbiota.

8.
J Cancer ; 12(18): 5562-5572, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405017

RESUMO

The long non-coding RNA Hox transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) plays a critical role in tumorigenesis as well as drug resistance in various cancers. However, the molecular mechanism by which HOTAIR induces gefitinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer is to date unclear. In the present study, we revealed that HOTAIR is upregulated in gefitinib-resistant lung cancer cells and over-expression of HOTAIR enhances gefitinib resistance in lung cancer cells. In addition, the overexpression of HOTAIR promotes cell cycle progression through epigenetic regulation of EZH2/H3K27. Silencing of EZH2 by either siRNA or inhibitors sensitized the lung cancer cells to gefitinib. Inhibition of EZH2 induces expression of p16 and p21, whereas levels of CDK4, cyclinD1, E2F1, and LSD1 are significantly decreased in PC-9 cells overexpressing HOTAIR. ChIP-PCR experiments indicate that HOTAIR increases H3K27me3 recruitment to the promoter of p16 and p21 in PC-9 lung cancer cells overexpressing HOTAIR. In xenograft mouse models, overexpressing HOTAIR in lung cancer tissues decreased p16 and p21 proteins. Taken together, these data suggest that HOTAIR contributes to gefitinib resistance by regulating EZH2 and p16 and p21. Targeting HOTAIR may be a novel therapeutic strategy for treating gefitinib-resistance in non-small cell lung cancer.

9.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 8(8)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436241

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Reducing radiation exposure is the basic principle for performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Many studies have confirmed the effect of radiation protection for medical staff, but studies about the effectiveness of protection for patients and real measurement of radiation dose in patients' specific organs are lacking. AIM: To measure the radiation doses absorbed by patients' radiosensitive organs during PCI and the effectiveness of radiation protection. METHODS: A total of 120 patients were included and allocated into three groups as the ratio of 1:1:2. A total of 30 patients received PCI at 15 frames rate per second (fps), 30 patients at 7.5 fps, and 60 patients wore radiation protective hat and glasses during PCI at 7.5 fps. The radiation doses were measured at right eyebrow (lens), neck (thyroid), back (skin), and inguinal area (genital organs) by using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs). RESULTS: Dose-area product (DAP) reduced by 58.8% (from 534,454 ± 344,660 to 220,352 ± 164,101 mGy·cm2, p < 0.001) after reducing the frame rate, without affecting successful rate of PCI. Radiation doses measured on skin, lens, genital organs, and thyroid decreased by 73.3%, 40.0%, 40.0%, and 35.3%, respectively (from 192.58 ± 349.45 to 51.10 ± 59.21; 5.29 ± 4.27 to 3.16 ± 2.73; 0.25 ± 0.15 to 0.15 ± 0.15; and 17.42 ± 12.11 to 11.27 ± 8.52 µSv, p < 0.05). By providing radiation protective equipment, radiation doses at lens and thyroid decreased further by 71.8% and 65.9% (from 3.16 ± 2.73 to 0.89 ± 0.79; 11.27 ± 8.52 to 3.84 ± 3.49 µSv, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: By lowering the frame rate and providing protective equipment, radiation exposure in radiosensitive organs can be effectively reduced in patients.

10.
Neurosci Bull ; 37(10): 1510-1522, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216356

RESUMO

Many recent studies have shown that the gut microbiome plays important roles in human physiology and pathology. Also, microbiome-based therapies have been used to improve health status and treat diseases. In addition, aging and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, have become topics of intense interest in biomedical research. Several researchers have explored the links between these topics to study the potential pathogenic or therapeutic effects of intestinal microbiota in disease. But the exact relationship between neurodegenerative diseases and gut microbiota remains unclear. As technology advances, new techniques for studying the microbiome will be developed and refined, and the relationship between diseases and gut microbiota will be revealed. This article summarizes the known interactions between the gut microbiome and neurodegenerative diseases, highlighting assay techniques for the gut microbiome, and we also discuss the potential therapeutic role of microbiome-based therapies in diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Doença de Parkinson , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/terapia , Doença de Parkinson/terapia
11.
Front Oncol ; 11: 614778, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34094899

RESUMO

Iron promotes the proliferation of cancer cells, but it also contributes to cell death. Here we explored whether iron could promote the Warburg effect of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells and suppress sensitivity to ferroptosis by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and regulating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2). In this study, cell proliferation abilities were measured by CCK-8, EdU incorporation, and colony formation assays. Seahorse XF96 respirometry assays were used to detect the Warburg effect and the level of ROS was assess by DCFH-DA fluorescent probes. Results showed that iron exposure promoted the Warburg effect of CRC cells by inducing ROS and activating NRF2 both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, iron exposure also induced ferroptosis in CRC cells, but at the same time its inhibitory proteins SLC7A11 and GPX4 were also upregulated, indicating an enhanced resistance to ferroptosis. Our results revealed that iron can effectively promote tumorigenesis. Meanwhile, iron elimination or a low-iron diet might be valid therapeutic approaches for CRC.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(6): 609, 2021 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120148

RESUMO

In eukaryotes, histones and their variants are essential for chromatin structure and function; both play important roles in the regulation of gene transcription, as well as the development of tumors. We aimed to explore the genomics data of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), combined with literature analysis, in terms of the histone variant H2A.Z. Cell phenotype assay confirmed the effect of H2A.Z on the proliferation, metastasis, apoptosis, and cell cycle of HCC cells. H2A.Z was shown to function via the tumor dysregulation signaling pathway, with BCL6 as its interacting protein. In addition, the acetylation level of H2A.Z was higher in HCC and was related to tumor formation. We found the acetylation of H2A.Z to be related to and regulated by lincZNF337-AS1. LincZNF337-AS1 was found to bind to H2A.Z and KAT5 at different sites, promoting the acetylation of H2A.Z through KAT5. We concluded that, in HCC, H2A.Z is an oncogene, whose acetylation promotes the transcription of downstream genes, and is regulated by lincZNF331-AS1.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Histonas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Lisina Acetiltransferase 5/fisiologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Acetilação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Lisina Acetiltransferase 5/genética , Lisina Acetiltransferase 5/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Interferência de RNA/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
14.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(1): 738, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34055055

RESUMO

Surgical treatment of gallbladder carcinoma remains challenging, while targeted therapy has been demonstrated to have potential. In the present study, the effect of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) expression and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) on the occurrence and development of gallbladder carcinoma was evaluated. A total of 72 patients with gallbladder carcinoma and 10 patients with chronic cholecystitis were examined. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to determine the positive expression rates of STAT3. Periodic acid Schiff CD34 double staining was performed to detect VM in the gallbladder carcinoma group. STAT3 expression and VM in gallbladder carcinoma tissues was compared among patients with different clinical characteristics. In postoperative patients with gallbladder cancer, the relationship of the postoperative recurrence time with STAT3 expression and VM was assessed. STAT3 expression in gallbladder carcinoma tissue was significantly higher than that in cholecystitis tissue (P<0.05). STAT3 expression levels and VM were positively correlated in gallbladder carcinoma tissue. STAT3 protein expression in gallbladder carcinoma tissues differed significantly among patients with different degrees of differentiation and clinical stages (P<0.05). Among the 51 patients who completed the 3-year follow-up, the mean time to relapse was 17.353 and 35.647 months in those with high and low STAT3 expression, respectively, with significant differences (P<0.05). The VM structure was detected in 47 cases (92.15%) and not detected in four cases (7.84%), which exhibited no immediate recurrence after surgery, and the difference in the mean postoperative recurrence time was significant (22.38 vs. 36.00 months, respectively; P<0.05). In gallbladder carcinoma tissues, a lower degree of differentiation, higher malignancy degree and higher clinical stage were associated with higher expression of STAT3 and VM. Thus, STAT3 may promote VM formation in the process of tumor occurrence, development and metastasis. Therefore, STAT3 as a regulatory target, may inhibit the proliferation and invasion of tumor cells and block the development of VM, thereby representing a suitable target for antitumor angiogenesis therapy.

15.
Mol Carcinog ; 60(6): 413-426, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866606

RESUMO

Ours and other previous studies have shown that CYP4Z1 is specifically and highly expressed in breast cancer, and acts as a promoter for the stemness of breast cancer cells. Here, we explored whether targeting CYP4Z1 could attenuate the stemness of breast cancer cells using HET0016, which has been confirmed to be an inhibitor of CYP4Z1 by us and others. Using the transcriptome-sequencing analysis, we found that HET0016 suppressed the expression of cancer stem cell (CSC) markers and stem cell functions. Additionally, HET0016 indeed reduced the stemness of breast cancer cells, as evident by the decrease of stemness marker expression, CD44+ /CD24- subpopulation with stemness, mammary-spheroid formation, and tumor-initiating ability. Moreover, HET0016 suppressed the metastatic capability through in vitro and in vivo experiments. Furthermore, we confirmed that HET0016 suppressed CYP4Z1 activity, and HET0016-induced inhibition on the stemness and metastasis of breast cancer cells was rescued by CYP4Z1 overexpression. Thus, our results demonstrate that HET0016 can attenuate the stemness of breast cancer cells through targeting CYP4Z1.


Assuntos
Amidinas/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Amidinas/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antinematódeos/administração & dosagem , Antinematódeos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
16.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 809, 2021 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the outbreak of COVID-19, traditional face-to-face psychological intervention are difficult to achieve, so hotline becomes available and recommended strategies. The callers' characteristic could help us to study their experiences of emotional distress, as well as the reasons for calling during the pandemic, which can be used to inform future service design and delivery. METHODS: The information of 1558 callers called our hospital' s hotline for help from February 3, 2020, to March 16, 2020 were collected in the form of Tick-box and Free text, and the inductive content analysis was undertaken focusing on the reasons for caller engagement. RESULTS: It was indicated that more than half of the callers are female (59.7%), mostly between the age of 18-59 (76.5%). The average age was 37.13 ± 13.76 years old. The average duration of a call to the hotline was 10.03 ± 9.84 min. The most frequent description emotional state were anxious (45.1%) and calm (30.3%), with the sub-sequence of scared (18.2%), sad (11.9%), and angry (6.9%). All callers displayed a wide range of reasons for calling, with needing support around their emotion (64.6%), seeking practical help (44.0%), and sleep problems (20.3%) constituting the majority of calls. Among the subthemes, 314 callers thought the epidemic has made them upset, 198 asked questions about the epidemic, and 119 reported their life routines were disrupted. The prevalence of key reasons does not appear to differ over time. Through their feedback, 79.1% agreed that they felt emotionally better after calling, and 95.0% agreed that hotline had helped them. CONCLUSIONS: During the epidemic, the most concern of the public is still related to epidemics and its adverse effects. Fortunately, the hotline can be an active and effective rescue measure after an emergency happened.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Linhas Diretas , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
17.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 169: 271-282, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895289

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a new form of regulated cell death. Several studies have demonstrated that ferroptosis was involved in multiple diseases. However, the precise role of ferroptosis in osteoporosis remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that ferroptosis was involved in osteoclasts over the course of RANKL-induced differentiation, and it was induced by iron-starvation response and ferrintinophagy. Mechanistically, under normoxia but not hypoxia, ferroptosis could be induced due to iron-starvation response (increased transferrin receptor 1, decreased ferritin) followed by RANKL stimulation, and this was attributed to the down-regulation of aconitase activity. We further investigated intracellular iron homeostasis and found that ferritinophagy, a process initiated by FTH-NCOA4 complex autophagosome degradation, was activated followed by RANKL stimulation under normoxia. Interestingly, these processes could not be observed under hypoxia. Moreover, we demonstrated that HIF-1α contributed to the decrease of ferritinophagy and autophagy flux under hypoxia. Additionally, HIF-1α impair autophagy flux via inhibition of autophagosome formation under hypoxia in BMDMs. In vivo study, we indicated that HIF-1α specific inhibitor 2ME2 prevent OVX bone loss. In conclusion, our study comprehensively investigated the role of ferroptosis in osteoclasts in vitro and in vivo, and innovatively suggested that targeting HIF-1α and ferritin thus inducing ferroptosis in osteoclasts could be an alternative in treatment of osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Ferritinas , Humanos , Hipóxia , Ferro/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/farmacologia
18.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(1): 58-61, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582906

RESUMO

Over 85 590 000 individuals have been infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Although there have been an increasing number of reports on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is unclear why infected children show milder symptoms than adults. A retrospective case study was performed at two designated hospitals for COVID-19. Patients (56 children and 63 adults) with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and mild pneumonia were randomly enrolled in this study. The median age of the children was 7.0 years, and 51.79% of them were boys. The median age of the adults was 57 years, and 47.62% were men. The most common symptoms were fever, cough, sputum and diarrhoea. There were no significant differences in symptoms between children and adult patients. In terms of immunological indices on admission, adult patients displayed typical leukopenia and markedly higher levels of IL-2, IL-4, and IL-6 than child patients. The elevation of IL-2, IL-4 and IL-6 in adults induced more extensive lung injury. The effective and non-aggressive immune response successfully resisted SARS-CoV-2 invasion and maintained mild symptoms in child patients. The correlation of higher IL-2, IL-4, and IL-6 with the lung injury might be evidence that preventing excessive cytokine production can avoid further lung damage in these patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , Imunidade , Leucopenia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-2/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(1): 6-15, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620438

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the association between levels of highly sensitive troponin I (hs-troponin I) and mortality in novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with cardiac injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all COVID-19 patients with increased levels of hs-troponin I from two hospitals in Wuhan, China. Demographic information, laboratory test results, cardiac ultrasonographic findings, and electrocardiograms were collected, and their predictive value on in-hospital mortality was explored using multivariable logistic regression. Of 1500 patients screened, 242 COVID-19 patients were enrolled in our study. Their median age was 68 years, and (48.8%) had underlying cardiovascular diseases. One hundred and seventy-six (72.7%) patients died during hospitalization. Multivariable logistic regression showed that C-reactive protein (>75.5 mg/L), D-dimer (>1.5 µg/mL), and acute respiratory distress syndrome were risk factors of mortality, and the peak hs-troponin I levels (>259.4 pg/mL) instead of the hs-troponin I levels at admission was predictor of death. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the peak levels of hs-troponin I for predicting in-hospital mortality was 0.79 (95% confidence interval, 0.73-0.86; sensitivity, 0.80; specificity, 0.72; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that the risk of in-hospital death among COVID-19 patients with cardiac injury can be predicted by the peak levels of hs-troponin I during hospitalization and was significantly associated with oxygen supply-demand mismatch, inflammation, and coagulation.


Assuntos
COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , Feminino , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 65(7): e2000811, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33458949

RESUMO

SCOPE: The high-fat, high-sucrose, and low-fiber Western diet (WD) is popular in many countries and affects the onset and progression of many diseases. This study is aimed to explore the influence of the WD on chronic liver disease (CLD) and its possible mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: C57BL/6 mice are given a control diet (CD) or WD and CLD is induced by intraperitoneally injecting carbon tetrachloride (CCL4 ) twice a week for 8 weeks. The WD aggravated CCL4 -induced chronic liver injury, as evidenced by increased serum transaminase levels, worsened hepatic inflammatory response, and fibrosis. Gut microbiota is disturbed in mice treated with CCL4 +WD (WC group), manifested as the accumulation of Fusobacteria, Streptococcaceae, Streptococcus, Fusobacterium, and Prevotella and the depletion of Firmicutes, Lachnospiraceae, and Roseburia. Additionally, increased hepatic taurocholic acid in the WC group activated sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2, which is positively correlated with hepatic fibrosis and inflammation parameters. Mice in the WC group have higher fecal primary bile acid (BA) levels and lower fecal secondary/primary BA ratios. Serum FGF15 levels are also elevated in the WC group, which is positively correlated with hepatic inflammation. CONCLUSION: WD accelerates the progression of CLD which is associated with changes in the gut microbiota and BA metabolism.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Dieta Ocidental/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Intoxicação por Tetracloreto de Carbono/microbiologia , Intoxicação por Tetracloreto de Carbono/patologia , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/microbiologia , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/sangue , Hepatite/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Receptores de Esfingosina-1-Fosfato/metabolismo
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