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1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(2): 760-770, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35002523

RESUMO

Cancer is a destructive disease that causes high levels of morbidity and mortality. Doxorubicin (DOX) is a highly efficient antineoplastic chemotherapeutic drug, but its use places survivors at risk for cardiotoxicity. Many studies have demonstrated that multiple factors are involved in DOX-induced acute cardiotoxicity. Among them, oxidative stress and cell death predominate. In this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of the mechanisms underlying the source and effect of free radicals and dependent cell death pathways induced by DOX. Hence, we attempt to explain the cellular mechanisms of oxidative stress and cell death that elicit acute cardiotoxicity and provide new insights for researchers to discover potential therapeutic strategies to prevent or reverse doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.

2.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 102, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013238

RESUMO

The systematic design of functional peptides has technological and therapeutic applications. However, there is a need for pattern-based search engines that help locate desired functional motifs in primary sequences regardless of their evolutionary conservation. Existing databases such as The Protein Secondary Structure database (PSS) no longer serves the community, while the Dictionary of Protein Secondary Structure (DSSP) annotates the secondary structures when tertiary structures of proteins are provided. Here, we extract 1.7 million helices from the PDB and compile them into a database (Therapeutic Peptide Design database; TP-DB) that allows queries of compounded patterns to facilitate the identification of sequence motifs of helical structures. We show how TP-DB helps us identify a known purification-tag-specific antibody that can be repurposed into a diagnostic kit for Helicobacter pylori. We also show how the database can be used to design a new antimicrobial peptide that shows better Candida albicans clearance and lower hemolysis than its template homologs. Finally, we demonstrate how TP-DB can suggest point mutations in helical peptide blockers to prevent a targeted tumorigenic protein-protein interaction. TP-DB is made available at http://dyn.life.nthu.edu.tw/design/ .

3.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(1): 70, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934441

RESUMO

Physical activity or exercise are known to promote bone formation and decrease bone resorption to maintain skeletal and bone health both in animal models and in humans with osteoporosis. Previous studies have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are able to regulate bone metabolism. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate whether lncRNAs responded to exercise by regulating the balance of bone metabolism in order to prevent osteoporosis. To meet this end, ovariectomized mice were used in the present study to establish an osteoporosis model. The exercise treatment groups were subjected to 9 weeks of treadmill running exercise in 4 weeks of the operation was performed Femurs were collected to measure bone mineral density, bone mass, bone formation and resorption. The expression levels of lncRNAs were subsequently measured using microarray and gene function analyses. The pairwise comparison results [ovariectomy (OVX) vs. OVX + exercise (EX); OVX vs. SHAM; SHAM vs. SHAM + EX; OVX + EX vs. SHAM + EX] of the gene microarray analysis revealed that the expression of 2,424 lncRNAs (1718 upregulated and 706 downregulated) were significantly altered in the mouse femurs following treadmill running. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, incorporating the GO annotations 'biological processes', 'molecular function' and 'cellular components', of osteoporosis revealed that the VEGF, mTOR and NF-κB signaling pathways were potential targets of the lncRNAs. Moreover, it was possible to predict the target microRNAs (miRNAs) of six lncRNAs (LOC105246953, LOC102637959, NONMMUT014677, NONMMUT027251, ri|D130079K21|PX00187K16|1491 and NONMMUT006626), which suggested that the underlying mechanism by which lncRNAs respond to exercise involved bone regulation via lncRNA-miRNA sponge adsorption. Overall, these results suggested that the treadmill running exercise did regulate lncRNA expression in the bone, and that this was involved in the prevention of osteoporosis.

4.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 36(1): e9205, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636119

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Salvianolic acid B (Sal B), the Q-marker in Salvia miltiorrhiza, was proved to present an obvious anti-diabetes effect when treated as a food intake. Until now, the metabolism feature, tissue distribution and anti-diabetes mechanism of Sal B have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: The metabolites of Sal B in rats were profiled using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The potential anti-diabetes mechanism of Sal B was predicted by network pharmacology. RESULTS: A total of 31 metabolites were characterized in rats after ingestion of Sal B at a dosage of 40 mg/kg, including 1 in plasma, 19 in urine, 31 in feces, 0 in heart, 0 in liver, 0 in spleen, 1 in lung, 1 in kidney and 0 in brain. Among them, 18 metabolites were reported for the first time. Phase I reactions of hydrolysis, hydrogenation, dehydroxylation, hydroxylation, decarboxylation and isomerization, and phase II reactions of methylation were found in Sal B. Notably, decarboxylation and dehydroxylation were revealed in Sal B for the first time. The pharmacology network results showed that Sal B and its metabolites could regulate ALB, PLG, ACE, CASP3, MMP9, MMP2, MTOR, etc. The above targets were involved in insulin signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, etc. CONCLUSIONS: The metabolism feature of Sal B in vivo was systematically revealed, and its anti-diabetes mechanism for further pharmacological validations was predicted based on metabolite profiling and network pharmacology for the first time.

5.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 418-426, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269218

RESUMO

Lower extremity nerve transposition repair has become an important treatment strategy for peripheral nerve injury; however, brain changes caused by this surgical procedure remain unclear. In this study, the distal stump of the right sciatic nerve in a rat model of sciatic nerve injury was connected to the proximal end of the left sciatic nerve using a chitin conduit. Neuroelectrophysiological test showed that the right lower limb displayed nerve conduction, and the structure of myelinated nerve fibers recovered greatly. Muscle wet weight of the anterior tibialis and gastrocnemius recovered as well. Multiple-model resting-state blood oxygenation level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging analysis revealed functional remodeling in multiple brain regions and the re-establishment of motor and sensory functions through a new reflex arc. These findings suggest that sciatic nerve transposition repair induces brain functional remodeling. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Peking University People's Hospital on December 9, 2015 (approval No. 2015-50).

6.
Talanta ; 239: 123086, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871866

RESUMO

Asymptomatic infection of COVID-19 is a global threat for public health. Unfortunately, the study about metabolic dysregulation of asymptomatic infection is barely investigated. Here, we performed carboxylic submetabolome profiling of serum from 62 asymptomatic and 122 control individuals, by a highly sensitive chemical isotope labelling method. Twenty-one discriminative carboxylic features, including 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, cholic acid, glycoursodeoxycholic acid and 15,16-dihydroxyoctadeca-9,12-dienoic acid were discovered to be dysregulated in asymptomatic patients. This panel containing 21 carboxylic features could accurately identify asymptomatic patients based on a random forest model, providing an accuracy of 85.7% with only 3.6% false positive rate and 7.1% false negative rate. The dysregulated metabolites found in asymptomatic patients covered several important pathways, such as arachidonic acid metabolism, synthesis of bile acid, ß-oxidation of fatty acids, activation of macrophage and platelet aggregation. This work provided valuable knowledge about serum biomarkers and molecular clues associated with asymptomatic COVID-19 patients.

7.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 766221, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858377

RESUMO

Phytoplasmas are uncultivated plant-pathogenic bacteria with agricultural importance. Those belonging to the 16SrII group, represented by 'Candidatus P. aurantifolia', have a wide range of plant hosts and cause significant yield losses in valuable crops, such as pear, sweet potato, peanut, and soybean. In this study, a method that combines immunoprecipitation-based enrichment and MinION long-read DNA sequencing was developed to solve the challenge of phytoplasma genome studies. This approach produced long reads with high mapping rates and high genomic coverage that can be combined with Illumina reads to produce complete genome assemblies with high accuracy. We applied this method to strain NCHU2014 and determined its complete genome sequence, which consists of one circular chromosome with 635,584 bp and one plasmid with 4,224 bp. Although 'Ca. P. aurantifolia' NCHU2014 has a small chromosome with only 471 protein-coding genes, it contains 33 transporter genes and 27 putative effector genes, which may contribute to obtaining nutrients from hosts and manipulating host developments for their survival and multiplication. Two effectors, the homologs of SAP11 and SAP54/PHYL1 identified in 'Ca. P. aurantifolia' NCHU2014, have the biochemical activities in destabilizing host transcription factors, which can explain the disease symptoms observed in infected plants. Taken together, this study provides the first complete genome available for the 16SrII phytoplasmas and contributes to the understanding of phytoplasma pathogenicity.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 24202, 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34921190

RESUMO

The optimum amounts and types of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention among Chinese retired adults are unclear. The prospective study enrolled 26,584 participants (mean age [SD]: 63.3 [8.4]) without baseline disease from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort in 2013. Cox-proportional hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a mean 5.0 (1.5) years of follow-up, 5704 incident CVD cases were documented. Compared with less than 7.5 metabolic equivalent of task-hours per week (MET-hours/week) of LTPA, participating LTPA for 22.5-37.5 MET-hours/week, which was equivalent to 3 to 5 times the world health organization (WHO) recommended minimum, was associated with a 18% (95% CI 9 to 25%) lower CVD risk; however, no significant additional benefit was gained when exceeding 37.5 MET-hours/week. Each log10 increment of MET-hours/week in square dancing and cycling was associated with 11% (95% CI 2 to 20%) and 32% (95% CI 21 to 41%), respectively, lower risk of incident CVD. In Chinese retired adults, higher LTPA levels were associated with lower CVD risk, with a benefit threshold at 3 to 5 times the recommended physical activity minimum. Encouraging participation in square dancing and cycling might gain favourable cardiovascular benefits.

9.
Front Physiol ; 12: 736108, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912236

RESUMO

In prolonged intense exercise training, the training load of athletes may be reduced once their hemoglobin concentrations ([Hb]s) are decreased dramatically. We previously reported that intermittent hypoxia exposure (IHE) could be used to alleviate the decrease of [Hb] and help to maintain the training load in rats. To further explore the feasibility of applying IHE intervention to athletes during prolonged intense exercise training, 6 trained swimmers were recruited to conduct a 4-week IHE intervention at the intervals after their [Hb] dropped for 10% or more during their training season. IHE intervention lasted 1 h and took place once a day and five times a week. Hematological and hormonal parameters, including [Hb], red blood cells (RBC), hematocrit (Hct), reticulocytes, serum erythropoietin (EPO), testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) were examined. After the IHE intervention was launched, [Hb], RBC and Hct of the subjects were increased progressively with their maximum levels (P < 0.01) showing at the third or fourth week, respectively. An increase in reticulocyte count (P < 0.01) suggests that IHE intervention promotes erythropoiesis to increase [Hb]. Besides, serum level of EPO, the hormone known to stimulate erythropoiesis, was overall higher than that before the IHE intervention, although it was statistically insignificant. Furthermore, the serum level of T, another hormone known to stimulate erythropoiesis, was increased progressively with the maximum level showing at the fourth week. Collectively, this study further confirms that IHE intervention may be used as a new strategy to prevent intense exercise training-induced reductions in [Hb].

10.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(12)2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34945439

RESUMO

We have used a modified-intake plasma-enhanced metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MIPEMOCVD) system to fabricate gallium-doped zinc oxide (GZO) thin films with varied Ga content. The MIPEMOCVD system contains a modified intake system of a mixed tank and a spraying terminal to deliver the metal-organic (MO) precursors and a radio-frequency (RF) system parallel to the substrate normal, which can achieve a uniform distribution of organic precursors in the reaction chamber and reduce the bombardment damage. We examined the substitute and interstitial mechanisms of Ga atoms in zinc oxide (ZnO) matrix in MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO thin films through crystalline analyses and Hall measurements. The optimal Ga content of MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO thin film is 3.01 at%, which shows the highest conductivity and transmittance. Finally, the optimal MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO thin film was applied to n-ZnO/p-GaN LED as a window layer. As compared with the indium-tin-oxide (ITO) window layer, the n-ZnO/p-GaN LED with the MIPEMOCVD-grown GZO window layer of the rougher surface and higher transmittance at near UV range exhibits an enhanced light output power owing to the improved light extraction efficiency (LEE).

11.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(6): 926-930, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961867

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to establish a simple and efficient method for isolation and culture of primary rat glomerular microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. The bilateral kidneys were taken from 7-10-day old Sprague-Dawley rats, and the renal cortex was separated. Glomeruli were obtained by cutting and continuously passing 200-mesh and 300-mesh sieves. After type IV collagenase digestion for 15-20 min, renal microvascular globules were collected for inoculation and culture. The cultured cells were identified by cell morphology observation and immunocytochemical staining with factor VIII related antigen. The results showed that the renal microvascular globules were irregularly spherical, without cysts, and the capillary loop structure was clear; after 3 days of primary culture, short spindle-shaped cells crawled out around the renal microvascular globules and gradually formed cell colonies, showing an "island-like shape" distribution; 4-5 days later, the cell colonies fused with each other; 6 days later, the cells covered the bottom of the dish, showing a typical monolayer, paving stone-like, mosaic arrangement. The immunocytochemical staining of factor VIII related antigen showed that the cytoplasm was lightly stained brownish red, and factor VIII related antigen-positive rate of cells was nearly 100%. The above results suggested that this study successfully established a method combining continuous screening and collagenase digestion for culture of primary rat glomerular microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. It provides an important tool cell for studying the mechanism of the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Br Poult Sci ; 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34923880

RESUMO

1. The objective of this study was to investigate the evolution of SCNN1B and AHCYL1 proteins among 10 domestic and mammalian animals, to uncover the expression patterns of SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes in ducks, identify the genetic variants of the SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes and analyse their effects on eggshell quality.2. Expression profiles of the SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes in Sansui female ducks were determined using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR to identify SNPs. The duck SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes were amplified to identify SNPs. A total of 502 Sansui female ducks were genotyped by sequencing, and the associations between the mRNA expression/SNP genotypes and six eggshell quality indices were analysed using PASW Statistics 18.0.3. The results showed that the SCNN1B and AHCYL1 proteins are highly conserved in different mammalian or domestic animals, especially the AHCYL1 protein. The SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes were widely expressed in different tissues of male and female ducks, and expression level in the uterus was greater than in other tissues. The expression of SCNN1B and AHCYL1 during oviposition cycle indicated that expression levels were related to the eggshell mineralisation stage.4. The mRNA expression levels of uterine SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes were positively correlated with eggshell strength (ESS), percentage (ESP) and weight (ESW) (P<0.05), respectively. Ten novel SNPs in SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes from Chinese domestic laying ducks were identified through PCR amplicon sequencing.5. Genetic association analysis indicated g.797509 C > T, g.797573 C > T and g.797834 C > T in SCNN1B gene and g.169244 T > A, g.169265 T > C and g.175311T > C in AHCYL1 gene had a significant effect on eggshell quality. Correlation analysis between the SNP genotype and SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes expression in the uterus showed that the genotypes of g.797509 C>T, g.797573 C>T, g.797834 C>T, g.169244 T>A and g.175311T>C sites affected the expression of SCNN1B and AHCYL1 genes in utero (P<0.05).6. The study indicated SCNN1B and AHCYL1 as candidate genes to improve eggshell traits in ducks.

13.
J Affect Disord ; 2021 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, numerous cohort studies and meta-analyses have shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with a wide range of adverse physiological and psychological symptoms. Although childhood maltreatment has been linked to an increased risk of personality disorders, the direction and magnitude of the association remain uncertain. Therefore, this cohort study aimed to evaluate whether children who have suffered childhood maltreatment have a higher incidence of subsequent personality disorders, using a nationwide database in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a large retrospective cohort study using data drawn from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database between 2000 and 2015. A total of 10,345 children who experienced childhood maltreatment were identified using International Classification of Disease codes. They were then compared with 41,380 children who never experienced childhood maltreatment in terms of the prevalence rates of personality disorders. RESULTS: Childhood maltreatment was associated with an increased risk of personality disorders (considering the control as reference: adjusted hazard ratio, 2.12; 95 % confidence interval, 1.90-2.36; p<0.001). The Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a significantly higher 15-year cumulative incidence of personality disorders among childhood maltreatment victims than among controls (log-rank test, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The present population-based study showed a positive association between prior childhood maltreatment and subsequent personality disorders in the general Taiwanese population. In order to reduce the risk of personality disorders, interventions should be implemented, identifying and supporting economically disadvantaged families and vulnerable children as early as possible.

14.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 765504, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926317

RESUMO

Background: Total laboratory automation (TLA) has the potential to reduce specimen processing time, optimize workflow, and decrease turnaround time (TAT). The purpose of this research is to investigate whether the TAT of our laboratory has changed since the adoption of TLA, as well as to optimize laboratory workflow, improve laboratory testing efficiency, and provide better services of clinical diagnosis and treatment. Materials and Methods: Laboratory data was extracted from our laboratory information system in two 6-month periods: pre-TLA (July to December 2019) and post-TLA (July to December 2020), respectively. Results: The median TAT for positive cultures decreased significantly from pre-TLA to post-TLA (65.93 vs 63.53, P<0.001). For different types of cultures, The TAT of CSF changed the most (86.76 vs 64.30, P=0.007), followed by sputum (64.38 vs 61.41, P<0.001), urine (52.10 vs 49,57, P<0.001), blood (68.49 vs 66.60, P<0.001). For Ascites and Pleural fluid, there was no significant difference (P>0.05). Further analysis found that the incidence of broth growth only for pre-TLA was 12.4% (14/133), while for post-TLA, it was 3.4% (4/119). The difference was statistically significant (P=0.01). The common isolates from CSF samples were Cryptococcus neoformans, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Klebsiella pneumonia. Conclusion: Using TLA and setting up three shifts shortened the TAT of our clinical microbiology laboratory, especially for CSF samples.

15.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34827776

RESUMO

This study investigated cecal bacterial community profile, cecal and serum metabolites, and its biosynthesis pathway in late-phase laying hens during 6 weeks feeding restriction (FR), using 16S rDNA as gene sequencing and non-targeted LC-MS/MS as metabolomics approach. We used three groups (ad libitum, FR20, and FR40). FR can reduce excessive fat in late-phase laying hens, while egg production rate is not affected, except for the FR40 group. In phylum level, FR20 had more population of Bacteriodetes and Firmicutes amongst groups. The same result is at genus level, FR20 were higher of the predominant genus (Bacteroides and Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group). Both of FR20 and FR40 reduced Proteobacteria as potential pathogenic bacteria. Non-targeted metabolomic analysis revealed that FR20 modified 20 metabolites in cecal and 10 metabolites in serum of laying hens, whereas 48 cecal metabolites and 31 serum metabolites has revealed in FR40. KEGG assay showed FR20 and FR40 upregulated lipid, carbohydrate, amino acid, nucleic acid pathway, and FR40 modified steroid metabolism in cecal analysis. In serum, only FR40 modified lipid, amino acid pathway, and carbohydrate biosynthesis were shown. This study showed that FR during late-phase laying hens altered the microbiome composition, modified metabolites profile and biosynthesis of the cecal as well as serum.

16.
Support Care Cancer ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nondrug treatments are potentially beneficial for cancer patients. However, the effect of sleep on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and quality of life (QOL) in cancer patients remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to examine the efficacy of sleep in cancer patients undergoing treatment. METHODS: The PubMed, Ovid, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched to identify suitable studies. Stata 15.0 software was used for statistical analyses. Sensitivity analyses were conducted. Fourteen studies (6 in English and 8 in Chinese) involving 1151 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Ten, five, and six studies that assessed the effects of sleep on CRF, QOL, and quality of sleep, respectively, in cancer patients undergoing treatment were identified. RESULTS: Sleep interventions significantly affected overall CRF (standardized mean difference (SMD) = -1.52, P < 0.01), overall QOL (SMD = 1.20, P < 0.01), physical fatigue (SMD = -0.66, P < 0.01), cognitive fatigue (SMD = -0.38, P = 0.015), and physical function (SMD = 0.64, P < 0.01). Comprehensive intervention measures focusing on sleep, sleep nondrug interventions, and interventions for ≥3 or <3 months affect CRF. However, no significant effects on emotional fatigue, emotional function, perpetual fatigue, depression, or quality of sleep were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive interventions focusing on sleep are helpful for CRF. Sleep interventions may only affect physiological function and have no effect on emotional function, perpetual function, or sleep quality. Future research should focus on how to combine sleep interventions with psychological, social, cognitive, and emotional interventions and provide targeted comprehensive nursing measures to better improve CRF, sleep quality, and QOL.

17.
Plant Methods ; 17(1): 117, 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Realizing imaging detection of water and nitrogen content in different regions of plant leaves in-site and real-time can provide an efficient new technology for determining crop drought resistance and nutrient regulation mechanisms, or for use in precision agriculture. Near-infrared imaging is the preferred technology for in-situ real-time detection owing to its non-destructive nature; moreover, it provides rich information. However, the use of hyperspectral imaging technology is limited as it is difficult to use it in field because of its high weight and power. RESULTS: We developed a smart imaging device using a near-infrared camera and an interference filter; it has a low weight, requires low power, and has a multi-wavelength resolution. The characteristic wavelengths of the filter that realize leaf moisture measurement are 1150 and 1400 nm, respectively, the characteristic wavelength of the filter that realizes nitrogen measurement is 1500 nm, and all filter bandwidths are 25 nm. The prediction result of the average leaf water content model obtained with the device was R2 = 0.930, RMSE = 1.030%; the prediction result of the average nitrogen content model was R2 = 0.750, RMSE = 0.263 g. CONCLUSIONS: Using the average water and nitrogen content model, an image of distribution of water and nitrogen in different areas of corn leaf was obtained, and its distribution characteristics were consistent with the actual leaf conditions. The experimental materials used in this research were fresh leaves in the field, and the test was completed indoors. Further verification of applying the device and model to the field is underway.

18.
Chemosphere ; : 132801, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752839

RESUMO

Exposure to metals and metalloids is widely related with human health, and could affect the function of immune system. The complement system links innate and adaptive immunity, and is critically involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and immune diseases. The third and fourth components of complement (C3, C4) play key roles in the complement system. However, few studies have examined the relations between multiple metals and complement levels. In this study, based on a total of 2977 participants from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, China, we investigated 17 plasma metals and serum C3, C4 levels, and calculated C3/C4-associated genetic risk scores (GRSs) using established single nucleotide polymorphisms. We further explored the potential gene-metal interactions on C3 and C4. After multivariable adjustment, an increment of 10-standard deviation increase in natural log-transformed exposure concentrations of plasma copper was associated with 0.549 (0.489, 0.608) (FDR <0.0001), and 1.146 (0.999, 1.294) (FDR <0.0001) higher natural log-transformed serum C3 and C4 levels, respectively. While each increment of 10-standard deviation of natural log-transformed zinc was associated with a difference of 0.083 (0.024, 0.143) (FDR = 0.049) and 0.007 (-0.138, 0.152) (FDR = 0.935) in log-transformed C3 and C4 levels, respectively. Participants with higher GRS had higher C3 and C4 levels. Furthermore, we found a significant interaction between arsenic exposure and C3-GRS in relation to C3 level (Pinteraction = 0.0096). Our results suggested that plasma arsenic would modify the association between C3 genetic predisposition and serum C3 level. We provide new insight into metals exposure on the human immune system. These findings require replication in future research.

20.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 862-867, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622607

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of using cystatin c-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR-CysC) in assessing the prognosis of hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients treated with artificial liver support system (ALSS). Methods: A total of 364 HBV-ACLF inpatients treated with ALSS at our hospital were enrolled retrospectively in the study. The patients were divided into the survival group ( n=269) and non-survival group ( n=95) according to mortality within 28 d, and their clinical information and laboratory data were analyzed for assessing short-term prognostic values. Results: Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified eGFR-CysC as one of the independent risk factors associated with mortality within 28 days in HBV-ACLF patients (the hazard ratio=0.987; 95% confidence interval, 0.979-0.996, P=0.003). In addition, baseline eGFR-CysC was negatively correlated with the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score ( r=-0.439, P<0.001), MELD plus sodium (MELD-Na) score ( r=-0.481, P<0.001) and Chronic Liver Failure Consortium ACLF (CLIF-C ACLF) score ( r=-0.340, P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed area under the curve ( AUC) of eGFR-CysC were 0.639, 0.697, 0.716, 0.749 and the best cut-off value were 70.620, 67.525, 61.725, 64.685 mL/(min·1.73 m 2), respectively, for baseline value and the first, second, and third treatment with ALSS. Conclusion: eGFR-CysC could be used to assist clinical assessment of short-term mortality in HBV-ACLF patients treated with ALSS, and has better clinical application value for dynamic monitoring.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Doença Hepática Terminal , Fígado Artificial , Cistatina C , Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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