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1.
Front Oncol ; 12: 860475, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35515127

RESUMO

Background: Patients who achieve a tumor pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) have better outcomes than patients with residual tumor. However, tumors still recur in the pCR patients. Therefore, we aim to explore factors associated with tumor recurrence in this patient population. Methods: A total of 1,913 patients diagnosed with breast cancer between 1995 and 2020 and received NAC were included in this analysis. Clinicopathological data of the patients were retrospectively collected. We used Cox regression analysis to assess the associations of clinicopathological factors with patients' outcome. Proteomic study of tumors was applied to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between tumors from the pCR patients with tumor recurrence and tumors from those without tumor recurrence. PPI network analysis of the corresponding genes of DEPs was used to identify the hub genes. The prognostic value of the corresponding genes of DEPs was evaluated using two online databases, Kaplan-Meier Plotter and bc-GenExMiner. The genes that were significantly associated with patients' survival in both databases, as well as being identified as hub genes, were considered as potential prognostic markers for pCR patients. Publicly available data from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) was used to verify the prognostic value of the identified marker. Results: Among the 1,913 included patients, 420 had tumor pCR. The median follow-up for the pCR patients was 32.6 months (IQR, 16.3-55.5). Overall estimated 5-year risk of tumor recurrence for the pCR patients was 11%. Multivariable analysis showed that a higher pre-NAC clinical T stage and N stage were independent predictors for increased risk of tumor recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] 2.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-6.51, P=0.047 for clinical T stage and HR 3.48, 95%CI 1.37-8.83, P=0.009 for clinical N stage). NAC regimens, the type of breast and axillary surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy were not associated with tumor recurrence. Finally, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 3A2 was identified by the proteomic study and was verified as a potential predictor for tumor recurrence in the pCR patients (with a median follow up of 3.78 years for dataset GSE32603 and 2.74 years for dataset GSE25066 from GEO, tumor recurrence rate: low versus high expression, 20.7% versus 4.5% [data from GSE32603]; 10.9% versus 0% [data from GSE25066]). Conclusions: Clinical T stage, clinical N stage and tumor expression of ALDH3A2 were potential markers for predicting tumor recurrence in the pCR patients after NAC.

2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(7)2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408119

RESUMO

DC magnetization is generally considered to suppress the usual local magnetic permeability variation and increase the penetration depth for magnetizing-based eddy current testing (MB-ECT) of ferromagnetic materials. In fact, such simple explanations lead to rough nondestructive evaluation and cause new neglected non-uniform magnetic characteristics. Hence, the "perturbation" of the internal magnetic field variation is analyzed using a magnetic dipole model and the mechanism of magnetic permeability perturbation in MB-ECT is revealed. The theoretical analysis and simulations show that a significant permeability perturbation always appears around a defect and presents opposite features with strong and weak magnetization. Furthermore, experimental results indicate that the hidden signal component arising from the local permeability perturbation is critical for both far-side surface and near-side surface defects in the MB-ECT method.

3.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 784179, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35281097

RESUMO

The iron-related homeostasis and inflammatory biomarker have been identified as prognostic factors for cancers. We aimed to explore the prognostic value of a novel comprehensive biomarker, the iron-monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (IronMLR) score, in patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) in this study. We retrospectively analysed a total of 257 early-stage TNBC patients treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) between March 2006 and October 2016. Their clinicopathological information and haematological data tested within 1 week of the diagnosis were collected. According to the IronMLR score cutoff value of 6.07 µmol/L determined by maximally selected rank statistics, patients were stratified into the low- and high-IronMLR groups, after a median follow-up of 92.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 76.0-119.3 months), significant differences in 5-years disease-free survival (DFS) rate (81.2%, 95% CI 76.2%-86.5% vs. 65.5%, 95% CI 50.3%-85.3%, p = 0.012) and 5-years overall survival (OS) rate (86.0%, 95% CI 81.6%-90.7% vs. 65.5%, 95% CI 50.3%-85.3%, p = 0.011) were seen between two groups. Further multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed the IronMLR score as an independent predictor for DFS and OS, respectively, we then established a prognostic nomogram integrating the IronMLR score, T stage and N stage for individualized survival predictions. The prognostic model showed good predictive performance with a C-index of DFS 0.725 (95% CI 0.662-0.788) and OS 0.758 (95% CI 0.689-0.826), respectively. Besides, calibration curves for 1-, 3-, 5-DFS, and OS represented satisfactory consistency between actual and nomogram predicted survival. In conclusion, the Iron-inflammation axis might be a potential prognostic biomarker of survival outcomes for patients with early-stage TNBC, prognostic nomograms based on it with good predictive performance might improve individualized survival predictions.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 271, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35291977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite significant survival improvement in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) blockade for HER2-positive breast cancer, resistance to anti-HER2 remains inevitable. Subsequent anti-HER2 with continuing trastuzumab beyond progression is acceptable with limited efficacy when other anti-HER2 treatment is unavailable. This single-arm, phase II study (SYSUCC-005) aimed to explore the efficacy of switching mode for HER2-positive refractory metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: Patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer rapidly progressing during pre-trastuzumab from six hospitals in China were designed to switch to lapatinib 1,250 mg orally once per day continuously plus capecitabine (1,000 mg/m2 orally twice per day on days 1-14) or vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 intravenously once per day on days 1 and 8) of each 21-day cycle. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Between January 5, 2015 and May 31, 2020, 159 patients were eligible in this study. The median follow-up was 33.1 months, a median PFS of 8.5 months was achieved. Brain metastases (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.582, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.019- 2.453, P = 0.041) and ≥ 2 metastatic sites (HR = 1.679, 95% CI 1.151-2.450, P = 0.007) were independent prognostic factors for PFS. The most common grade ≥ 3 adverse events were diarrhea (3.8%) and hand-foot syndrome (9.4%). CONCLUSION: The switching mode showed predominant efficacy, which might be a prior therapeutic option over continuing mode in subsequent anti-HER2 therapy for patients with HER2-positive refractory metastatic breast cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT02362958 ) on 13/02/2015.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Receptor ErbB-2 , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Cancer Control ; 29: 10732748221078160, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213254

RESUMO

The acquisition of genetic- and epigenetic-abnormalities during transformation has been recognized as the two fundamental factors that lead to tumorigenesis and determine the aggressive biology of tumor cells. However, there is a regularity that tumors derived from less-differentiated normal origin cells (NOCs) usually have a higher risk of vascular involvement, lymphatic and distant metastasis, which can be observed in both lymphohematopoietic malignancies and somatic cancers. Obviously, the hypothesis of genetic- and epigenetic-abnormalities is not sufficient to explain how the linear relationship between the cellular origin and the biological behavior of tumors is formed, because the cell origin of tumor is an independent factor related to tumor biology. In a given system, tumors can originate from multiple cell types, and tumor-initiating cells (TICs) can be mapped to different differentiation hierarchies of normal stem cells, suggesting that the heterogeneity of the origin of TICs is not completely chaotic. TIC's epigenome includes not only genetic- and epigenetic-abnormalities, but also established epigenetic status of genes inherited from NOCs. In reviewing previous studies, we found much evidence supporting that the status of many tumor-related "epigenetic abnormalities" in TICs is consistent with that of the corresponding NOC of the same differentiation hierarchy, suggesting that they may not be true epigenetic abnormalities. So, we speculate that the established statuses of genes that control NOC's migration, adhesion and colonization capabilities, cell-cycle quiescence, expression of drug transporters, induction of mesenchymal formation, overexpression of telomerase, and preference for glycolysis can be inherited to TICs through epigenetic memory and be manifested as their aggressive biology. TICs of different origins can maintain different degrees of innate stemness from NOC, which may explain why malignancies with stem cell phenotypes are usually more aggressive.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Biologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia
6.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 381-394, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35079223

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We attempted to explore the prognostic value of baseline inflammatory and nutritional biomarkers at diagnosis in patients with early-stage breast cancer and develop a novel scoring system, the inflammatory-nutritional prognostic score (INPS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected clinicopathological and baseline laboratory data of 1259 patients with early-stage breast cancer between December 2010 and November 2012 from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Eligible patients were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts (n = 883 and 376, respectively) in a 7:3 ratio. We selected the most valuable biomarkers to develop INPS by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model. A prognostic nomogram incorporating INPS and other independent clinicopathological factors was developed based on the stepwise multivariate Cox regression method. Then, we used the concordance index (C-index), calibration plot, and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to evaluate the prognostic performance and predictive accuracy of the predictive nomogram. RESULTS: Four inflammatory-nutritional biomarkers, including neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and albumin-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR), were selected using the LASSO Cox analysis to construct INPS, which remained an independent prognostic indicator per the multivariate Cox regression analysis. Patients were stratified into low- and high-INPS groups based on the cutoff INPS determined by the maximally selected rank statistics. The prognostic model for overall survival consisting of INPS and other independent clinicopathological indicators showed excellent discrimination with C-indexes of 0.825 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.786-0.864) and 0.740 (95% CI: 0.657-0.822) in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The time-dependent ROC curves showed a higher predictive accuracy of our prognostic nomogram than that of traditional tumor-node-metastasis staging. CONCLUSION: Baseline INPS is an independent indicator of OS in patients with early-stage breast cancer. The INPS-based prognostic nomogram could be used as a practical tool for individualized prognostic predictions.

7.
Clin Cancer Res ; 28(4): 637-645, 2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810217

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is no research evidence demonstrate which is the better partner strategy, endocrine therapy or chemotherapy, to combine with anti-HER2 therapy as the first-line management of hormone receptor (HR)-positive (HR+) and HER2-positive (HER2+) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). We wished to ascertain if trastuzumab plus endocrine therapy is noninferior to trastuzumab plus chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an open-label, noninferiority, phase III, randomized, controlled trial (NCT01950182) at nine hospitals in China. Participants, stratified by previous adjuvant endocrine therapy and disease status (recurrent disease vs. de novo metastasis), were assigned randomly (1:1) to receive trastuzumab plus endocrine therapy (per investigator's choice of oestrogen-receptor modulators or aromatase inhibitor, with/without concurrent ovarian suppression) or chemotherapy (per investigator's choice of taxanes, capecitabine, or vinorelbine). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) with a noninferiority upper margin of 1.35 for the HR. The intention-to-treat population was used in primary and safety analyses. RESULTS: A total of 392 patients were enrolled and assigned randomly to receive trastuzumab plus endocrine therapy (ET group, n = 196) or trastuzumab plus chemotherapy (CT group, n = 196). After a median follow-up of 30.2 months [interquartile range (IQR) 15.0-44.7], the median PFS was 19.2 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 16.7-21.7)] in the ET group and 14.8 months (12.8-16.8) in the CT group (hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.71-1.09; Pnoninferiority < 0.0001). A significantly higher prevalence of toxicity was observed in the CT group compared with the ET group. CONCLUSIONS: Trastuzumab plus endocrine therapy was noninferior to trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in patients with HR+HER2+ MBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Aromatase , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Receptor ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Am J Cardiol ; 164: 64-72, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887071

RESUMO

Although His bundle pacing (HBP) can provide a physiologic ventricular activation pattern, it has disadvantages such as the difficulty of lead implantation, reduced R wave amplitudes, and high and unstable pacing thresholds. Recent studies have demonstrated that left bundle branch area pacing (LBBaP) might overcome these deficiencies. A total of 7 nonrandomized controlled studies including 786 patients (n = 442 receiving LBBaP and n = 344 receiving HBP) with bradyarrhythmia were evaluated. Compared with HBP, LBBaP appeared to result in increased R wave amplitudes (at implant: MD 9.84 mV, 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.61 to 12.06 mV; at follow-up: MD 7.62 mV, 95% CI 6.73 to 8.50 mV), lowered capture thresholds (at implant: MD -0.73 V, 95% CI -0.81 to -0.64 V; at follow-up: MD -0.71 V, 95% CI -0.92 to -0.50 V), shortened procedure times (MD -16.70 minutes, 95% CI -26.51 to -6.90 minutes) and fluoroscopic durations (MD -6.16 min, 95% CI -8.28 to -4.03 minutes), and increased success rates (odds ratio 2.14, 95% CI 1.23 to 3.74); all of these differences were significant. However, paced QRS durations, the lead impedance at implantation and follow-up, and incidence of lead-related complications such as lead dislodgement did not significantly differ between LBBaP and HBP. In conclusion, current evidence suggests that LBBaP is a potential alternative to HBP as a pacing modality with which to maintain an ideal physiologic pattern of ventricular activation through native His-Purkinje system stimulation.


Assuntos
Bradicardia/terapia , Fascículo Atrioventricular , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/métodos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Septo Interventricular
9.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 770115, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901016

RESUMO

Background: Altered copper levels have been observed in several cancers, but studies on the relationship between serum copper and early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remain scare. We sought to establish a predictive model incorporating serum copper levels for individualized survival predictions. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinicopathological information and baseline peripheric blood samples of patients diagnosed with early-stage TNBC between September 2005 and October 2016 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. The optimal cut-off point of serum copper level was determined using maximally selected log-rank statistics. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate survival probabilities. Independent prognostic indicators associated with survival were identified using multivariate Cox regression analysis, and subsequently, prognostic nomograms were established to predict individualized disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The nomograms were validated in a separate cohort of 86 patients from the original randomized clinical trial SYSUCC-001 (SYSUCC-001 cohort). Results: 350 patients were eligible in this study, including 264 in the training cohort and 86 in the SYSUCC-001 cohort. An optimal cut-off value of 21.3 µmol/L of serum copper was determined to maximally divide patients into low- and high-copper groups. After a median follow-up of 87.1 months, patients with high copper levels had significantly worse DFS (p = 0.002) and OS (p < 0.001) than those with low copper levels in the training cohort. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that serum copper level was an independent factor for DFS and OS. Further, prognostic models based on serum copper were established for individualized predictions. These models showed excellent discrimination [C-index for DFS: 0.689, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.621-0.757; C-index for OS: 0.728, 95% CI: 0.654-0.802] and predictive calibration, and were validated in the SYSUCC-001 cohort. Conclusion: Serum copper level is a potential predictive biomarker for patients with early-stage TNBC. Predictive nomograms based on serum copper might be served as a practical tool for individualized prognostication.

10.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 777215, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805180

RESUMO

The dysregulation of iron homeostasis has been explored in malignancies. However, studies focusing on the association between the serum iron level and prognosis of patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) are scarce. Accordingly, in current study, 272 patients with early-stage TNBC treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) between September 2005 and October 2016 were included as a training cohort, another 86 patients from a previous randomized trial, SYSUCC-001, were analyzed as a validation cohort (SYSUCC-001 cohort). We retrospectively collected their clinicopathological data and tested the serum iron level using blood samples at the diagnosis. In the training cohort, patients were divided into low-iron and high-iron groups according to the serum iron level cut-off of 17.84 µmol/L determined by maximally selected rank statistics. After a median follow-up of 87.10 months, patients with a low iron had a significantly longer median disease-free survival (DFS) of 89.13 [interquartile range (IQR): 66.88-117.38] months and median overall survival (OS) of 92.85 (IQR: 68.83-117.38) months than those in the high-iron group (median DFS: 75.25, IQR: 39.76-105.70 months, P = 0.015; median OS: 77.17, IQR: 59.38-110.28 months, P = 0.015). Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated the serum iron level to be an independent predictor for DFS and OS. Then, a prognostic nomogram incorporating the serum iron level, T stage and N stage was developed for individualized prognosis predictions. It had good discriminative ability with a C-index of DFS (0.729; 95% CI 0.666-0.792) and OS (0.739; 95% CI 0.666-0.812), respectively. Furtherly, we validated the predictive model in the SYSUCC-001 cohort, which also showed excellent predictive performance with a C-index of DFS (0.735; 95% CI 0.614-0.855) and OS (0.722; 95% CI 0.577-0.867), respectively. All these suggested that the serum iron level might be a potential prognostic biomarker for patients with early-stage TNBC, the predictive model based on it might be served as a practical tool for individualized survival predictions.

11.
Int J Womens Health ; 13: 1053-1064, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aging, an inevitable process characterized by functional decline over time, is a significant risk factor for various tumors. However, little is known about aging-related genes (ARGs) in breast cancer (BC). We aimed to explore the potential prognostic role of ARGs and to develop an ARG-based prognosis signature for BC. METHODS: RNA-sequencing expression profiles and corresponding clinicopathological data of female patients with BC were obtained from public databases in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). An ARG-based risk signature was constructed in the TCGA cohort based on results of least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariate Cox regression analysis, and its prognostic value was further validated in the GSE20685 cohort. RESULTS: A six ARG-based signature, including CLU, DGAT1, MXI1, NFKBI, PIK3CA and PLAU, was developed in the TCGA cohort and significantly stratified patients into low- and high-risk groups. Patients in the former group showed significantly better prognosis than those in the latter. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the ARG risk score was an independent prognostic factor for BC. A predictive nomogram integrating the ARG risk score and three identified factors (age, N- and M-classification) was established in the TCGA cohort and validated in the GSE20685 cohort. Calibration plots showed good consistency between predicted survival probabilities and actual observations. CONCLUSION: A novel ARG-based risk signature was developed for patients with BC, which can be used for individual prognosis prediction and promoting personalized treatment.

12.
Front Oncol ; 11: 583283, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A higher ratio of pretreatment C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) is associated with poor prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA level is known to not only participate in the occurrence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma but also affect the development and prognosis of the disease. Herein, we proposed that a combination of both these markers could improve the predictive prognostic ability. METHODS: In all, 842 NPC patients who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) were entered in this study. We collected all patients' blood samples and EBV DNA copy numbers within one week before any treatment. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off. We employed the Kaplan-Meier method for survival analyses and the univariate and multivariate analyses (Cox proportional hazards regression model) for statistical analysis. A nomogram was constructed based on multivariate analyses results of the validation set. The model was internally validated using 1000 bootstrap samples to avoid overfitting. Another validation of 10-fold cross-validation was also applied. Calibration curves and concordance index (C-index) were calculated to determine predictive and discriminatory capacity. RESULTS: In the whole cohort, we observed that higher CAR, EBV DNA level, and CAR-EBV DNA (C-E) grade were associated with shorter overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (all P<0.05). In univariate and multivariate analyses, C-E grade was an independent prognostic factor (all P<0.05). In the training set, we gained the similar results with the whole set. According to multivariate analyses of the training set, we constructed a nomogram. The results of bootstrap samples and 10-fold cross-validation showed favorable predictive efficacy. And calibration curves of the model provided credibility to its predictive capability. CONCLUSION: C-E grade was confirmed as an independent prognostic predictor in patients with NPC who received CCRT. Higher level of pretreatment C-E grade could signify a higher risk of metastasis and shorter OS. The prognostic nomogram based on C-E grade was dependable in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.

13.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 3463-3473, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no clinically available prognostic models for patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) metastatic breast cancer treated with everolimus. We aimed to develop a tool to predict the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of these patients and to identify optimal candidates who would benefit from everolimus-based treatment in this heterogeneous patient population. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with HR+, HER2- metastatic breast cancer receiving everolimus between May 2012 and January 2018 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were retrospectively retrieved. Based on potential prognostic factors derived from multivariate Cox analysis, we established predictive nomogram models for PFS and OS and evaluated their predictive values by means of the concordance index (C-index). Calibration curves were used to estimate the consistency between the actual observations and the nomogram-predicted probabilities. RESULTS: A total of 116 patients with HR+, HER2- metastatic breast cancer were enrolled in this study. Three independent prognostic factors, including the line of everolimus in the metastatic setting, everolimus clinical benefit rate and number of liver metastatic lesions, were identified from the multivariate Cox analysis. Prognostic models for individual survival prediction were established and graphically presented as nomograms. The C-index was 0.738 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.710-0.767) for the PFS nomogram and 0.752 (95% CI: 0.717-0.788) for the OS nomogram, which showed favourable discrimination. The calibration curves for the probabilities of 6-, 9-, and 12-month PFS and 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS suggested satisfactory consistency between the actual observations and the predicted probabilities. CONCLUSION: We constructed convenient nomogram models for patients with HR+, HER2- metastatic breast cancer to individually predict their potential benefits from everolimus in the metastatic setting. The models showed good performance in terms of accuracy, discrimination capacity and clinical application value.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Nomogramas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(15): 1771-1779, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343150

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Desmoplakin (DSP), encoded by the DSP gene, is the main desmosome component and is abundant in the myocardial tissue. There are three DSP isoforms that assume the role of supporting structural stability through intercellular adhesion. It has been found that DSP regulates the transcription of adipogenic and fibrogenic genes, and maintains appropriate electrical conductivity by regulating gap junctions and ion channels. DSP is essential for normal myocardial development and the maintenance of its structural functions. Studies have suggested that DSP gene mutations are associated with a variety of hereditary cardiomyopathy, such as arrhythmia cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), left ventricular noncompaction, and is also closely associated with the Carvajal syndrome, Naxos disease, and erythro-keratodermia-cardiomyopathy syndrome with skin and heart damage. The structure and function of DSP, as well as the clinical manifestations of DSP-related cardiomyopathy were reviewed in this article.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita , Cardiomiopatias , Doenças do Cabelo , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Desmoplaquinas/genética , Humanos
15.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(8): e23883, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184796

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the predictive value of the ratio of the product of neutrophils and hemoglobin to lymphocytes (NHL) in patients with non-muscular invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected clinical and pathological data of patients with NMIBC who underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) at our hospital between 2013 and 2018. The ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes (NLR), the Systemic Immune Inflammation Index (SII), and NHL were obtained based on routine blood settlement within a week before surgery. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine the optimal cutoff value of each index, and different groups were grouped accordingly. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox regression model were used to study the factors affecting the prognosis of NMIBC patients. RESULTS: There was significant difference in recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate between the high NLR group and the low NLR group, the high SII group and the low SII group, and the high NHL group and the low NHL group. Cox univariate regression analysis showed that tumor number, tumor size, tumor pathological grade, tumor pathological stage, NLR, SII, and NHL were related to postoperative RFS in patients with NMIBC. The tumor number, tumor pathological grade, SII, and NHL were independent predictors of RFS in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The preoperative clinical inflammatory indexes NLR, SII, and NHL have certain predictive value for postoperative RFS in NMIBC patients.


Assuntos
Hemoglobinas/análise , Contagem de Leucócitos , Neutrófilos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/sangue , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
17.
Neurobiol Stress ; 15: 100333, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036126

RESUMO

Early exposure to stressful and adverse life events at fetal and neonatal stages is one of crucial risk factors for mood disorders such as anxiety and depressive disorder in adulthood. Intergenerational effects of prenatal stress on offspring are still not fully understood. We here uncover a significant negative impact of prenatal stress on brain development in embryos and newborns, and on mood-related behaviors and gut microbiota in adult offspring. Prenatal stress leads to reduced numbers in neural progenitors and newborn neurons, and altered gene expression profiles in the mouse embryonic cerebral cortex. Adult mouse offspring exposed to prenatal stress displays altered gene expression in the cortex and elevated responses in anxiety- and depression-like behaviors. Interestingly, prenatal stress has an enduring effect on gut microbiota, as specific microbial community structure is altered in adult F1 offspring treated with prenatal stress, compared to that of the control. Our results highlight the essential impact of prenatal stress on cortical neurogenesis, gene expression patterns, mood-related behaviors, and even gut microbiota in the next generation.

18.
Front Oncol ; 11: 625534, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to construct a prognostic nomogram including Epstein-Barr virus DNA (EBV-DNA) and sarcopenia in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we studied 1,045 patients with NPC who had been treated with CCRT between 2010 and 2014. Sarcopenia was determined using routine pre-radiotherapy computed tomography scans of the third cervical vertebrae. A new S-E grade was constructed using a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses determined cutoff values of sarcopenia and plasma EBV-DNA. The nomogram was developed base on the sarcopenia-EBV (S-E) grade and traditional prognostic factors. A calibration curve, time-dependent ROC, decision curve analysis, and the concordance index (C-index) determined the accuracy of prediction and discrimination of the nomogram, and were compared with TNM staging system and a traditional nomogram. RESULTS: Patient survival was significantly different when sarcopenia (P < 0.001) or EBV-DNA (P = 0.001) were used and they continued to be independent prognostic factors for survival upon univariate (P < 0.001, P = 0.002, respectively) and multivariate (P < 0.001, P = 0.015, respectively) analyses. Predicting overall survival (OS) was more accurate using the S-E grade than using TNM staging and sarcopenia or EBV-DNA alone. Nomogram B (model with sarcopenia) or nomogram A (model without sarcopenia) were then developed based on the identified independent prognostic factors. Comparing nomogram prediction with actual observation showed good agreement among the calibration curves for probability of 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS. Predicted survival (C-index = 0.77) of nomogram B was statistically higher than that of nomogram A (0.676, P = 0.020) and TNM staging (0.604, P < 0.001). Risk group stratification could distinguish between survival curves within respective TNM stages (all stages, P < 0.001; stage III, P < 0.001; stage IV, P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The sarcopenia-EBV DNA nomogram allowed more accurate prediction of prognosis for patients with NPC receiving CCRT.

19.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 13: 1758835921993436, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor progression following endocrine therapy is considered to indicate resistance to endocrine drugs due to a variety of mechanisms. An insufficient dose of endocrine drugs is one of the causes for treatment failure in some patients with high hormone-receptor (HR)-expressing advanced breast cancer. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of high-dose tamoxifen (TAM) treatment in patients with advanced breast cancer with highly expressed HR. MATERIALS & METHODS: This was a single-arm, phase II pilot study that enrolled patients with advanced breast cancer with high HR expression (estrogen receptor ⩾60% and/or progesterone receptor ⩾60%) following routine endocrine therapy. All enrolled patients received a high-dose of TAM (100 mg/day) until disease progression. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), overall survival (OS), and safety. Exploratory endpoints included the predictive value of 16α-18F-17ß-fluoroestradiol quantitative positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FES PET/CT) for treatment efficacy. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients were enrolled between September 2017 and February 2019. The median PFS was 6 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 4.9-7.1] and the median OS was 15.6 months (95% CI 8.3-22.9). Five patients experienced a partial response (PR) and none experienced a complete response (CR), with an ORR of 16.7% and CBR of 33.3%. No severe adverse events were observed. Lesions with 18F-FES maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) ⩾4 had a significantly longer PFS [median 9.2 months, (95% CI 6.9-11.6)] compared with lesions with a 18F-FES SUVmax <4 [median 4.8 months, (95% CI 3.9-5.6); p = 0.022]. CONCLUSION: A high-dose of TAM is effective and safe for patients with advanced breast cancer with high HR expression. 18F-FES SUVmax values may predict the local clinical benefits of high-dose TAM . TRIAL REGISTRATION: [ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT0304565].

20.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 41(2): 171-182, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The introductions of anti- human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) agents have significantly improved the treatment outcome of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. BAT8001 is a novel antibody-drug conjugate targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-expressing cells composed of a trastuzumab biosimilar linked to the drug-linker Batansine. This dose-escalation, phase I study was designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary anti-tumor activity of BAT8001 in patients with HER2-positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: This trial was conducted in subjects with histologically confirmed HER2-positive breast cancer (having evaluable lesions and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1) using a 3 + 3 design of escalating BAT8001 doses. Patients received BAT8001 intravenously in a 21-day cycle, with dose escalation in 5 cohorts: 1.2, 2.4, 3.6, 4.8, and 6.0 mg/kg. The primary objective was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of BAT8001. Preliminary activity of BAT8001 was also assessed as a secondary objective. RESULTS: Between March 2017 to May 2018, 29 HER2-positive breast cancer patients were enrolled. The observed dose-limiting toxicities were grade 4 thrombocytopenia and grade 3 elevated transaminase. The maximum tolerated dose was determined to be 3.6 mg/kg. Grade 3 or greater adverse events (AEs) occurred in 14 (48.3%) of 29 patients, including thrombocytopenia in 12 (41.4%) patients, aspartate aminotransferase increased in 4 (13.8%) patients, γ-glutamyl transferase increased in 2 (6.9%) patients, alanine aminotransferase increased in 2 (6.9%) patients, diarrhea in 2 (6.9%) patients. Objective response was observed in 12 (41.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 23.5%-61.1%) and disease control (including patients achieving objective response and stable disease) was observed in 24 (82.8%; 95% CI = 64.2%-94.2%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: BAT8001 demonstrated favorable safety profiles, with promising anti-tumor activity in patients with HER2-positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. BAT8001 has the potential to provide a new therapeutic option in patients with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Imunoconjugados , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico
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