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1.
PhytoKeys ; 184: 111-126, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785975

RESUMO

As the supplement of the flora of Zhejiang, East China, two new species were described with illustrations. Cerastiumhuadingense Y.F.Lu, W.Y.Xie & X.F.Jin (Caryophyllaceae) differs from C.qingliangfengicum in having sterile stems absent, leaves sessile, petals slightly longer than sepals, and stamens slightly shorter than sepals. Ixeridiumdimorphifolium Y.L.Xu, Y.F.Lu & X.Cai (Asteraceae) differs from I.beauverdianum in having plant stoloniferous, basal leaves dimorphic, involucre 8‒10 mm long, inner phyllaries 8, and florets 7‒10. Paraphlomissetulosa C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li (Lamiaceae) was reviewed and morphological characters of the corolla and stamens of its type and the specimens collected in the field survey were critically examined. With barbate anthers and strongly divergent anther cells, Paraphlomissetulosa was transferred to Sinopogonanthera, and S.setulosa (C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li) H.W.Zhang & X.F.Jin was consequently combined.

2.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783559

RESUMO

RT-PCR is the primary method to diagnose COVID-19 and is also used to monitor the disease course. This approach, however, suffers from false negatives due to RNA instability and poses a high risk to medical practitioners. Here, we investigated the potential of using serum proteomics to predict viral nucleic acid positivity during COVID-19. We analyzed the proteome of 275 inactivated serum samples from 54 out of 144 COVID-19 patients and shortlisted 42 regulated proteins in the severe group and 12 in the non-severe group. Using these regulated proteins and several key clinical indexes, including days after symptoms onset, platelet counts, and magnesium, we developed two machine learning models to predict nucleic acid positivity, with an AUC of 0.94 in severe cases and 0.89 in non-severe cases, respectively. Our data suggest the potential of using a serum protein-based machine learning model to monitor COVID-19 progression, thus complementing swab RT-PCR tests. More efforts are required to promote this approach into clinical practice since mass spectrometry-based protein measurement is not currently widely accessible in clinic.

3.
Int Orthop ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647137

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To summarize the evolution of Ilizarov technology in China, highlight important milestones, introduce the atmosphere of the era concerning the first uses and development of this technology, and share Chinese modification and experience in this field. METHOD: A thorough interview with senior ASAMI members of China and literature search and physical books in libraries was undertaken to summarize the history of Ilizarov technology in China. RESULTS: The formal development of Ilizarov technology began when professor Ilizarov himself came to Beijing (1991) and gave a speech. In the following 31 years, his technology was rapidly developed through China, with many symposiums held and associations established including ASAMI China (2003) and ILLRS China (2015). Today, Ilizarov technology has become the main treatment of complex fractures, defects, nonunion, infections, deformities, and chronic ischemic ulcers of the limbs. In those years, Chinese scholars also developed some special treatment methods and made many modifications to Ilizarov external fixators. CONCLUSION: Ilizarov technology has developed in China for 31 years. It revolutionized the treatment of complex limb traumas, deformities, and diseases. In the treatment of millions of patients, Chinese scholars had many unique experiences and made modifications to this technology which is worthy to share with the world.

4.
Neurochem Res ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623561

RESUMO

Vincristine is a common chemotherapeutic agent in cancer treatment, while it often causes chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy(CIPN), which brings patients a great disease burden and associated economic pressure. The mechanism under CIPN remains mostly unknown. The previous study has shown that cell-type-specific spinal synaptic plasticity in the dorsal horn plays a pivotal role in neuropathic pain. Downregulation of GABA transmission, which mainly acts as an inhibitory pathway, has been reported in the growing number of research. Our present study found that GAD67, responsible for > 90% of basal GABA synthesis, is down-regulated, while its relative mRNA remains unchanged in vincristine-induced neuropathy. Considering microRNAs (miRNAs) as a post-transcription modifier by degrading targeted mRNA or repressing mRNA translation, we performed genome-wide miRNA screening and revealed that miR-30d might contribute to GAD67 down-regulation. Further investigation confirmed that miR-30d could affect the fluorescence activity of GAD67 by binding to the 3 'UTR of the GAD67 gene, and intrathecal injection of miR-30d antagomir increased the expression of GAD67, partially rescued vincristine-induced thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia. In summary, our study revealed the molecule interactions of GAD67 and miR-30d in CIPN, which has not previously been discussed in the literature. The results give more profound insight into understanding the CIPN mechanism and hopefully helps pain control.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 989, 2021 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689175

RESUMO

Proper follicle development is very important for the production of mature oocytes, which is essential for the maintenance of female fertility. This complex biological process requires precise gene regulation. The most abundant modification of mRNA, N6-methyladenosine (m6A), is involved in many RNA metabolism processes, including RNA splicing, translation, stability, and degradation. Here, we report that m6A plays essential roles during oocyte and follicle development. Oocyte-specific inactivation of the key m6A methyltransferase Mettl3 with Gdf9-Cre caused DNA damage accumulation in oocytes, defective follicle development, and abnormal ovulation. Mechanistically, combined RNA-seq and m6A methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq) data from oocytes revealed, that we found METTL3 targets Itsn2 for m6A modification and then enhances its stability to influence the oocytes meiosis. Taken together, our findings highlight the crucial roles of mRNA m6A modification in follicle development and coordination of RNA stabilization during oocyte growth.

6.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 708331, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485295

RESUMO

Thrombocytopenia is closely linked with hemorrhagic diseases, for which induction of thrombopoiesis shows promise as an effective treatment. Polyphenols widely exist in plants and manifest antioxidation and antitumour activities. In this study, we investigated the thrombopoietic effect and mechanism of 3,3',4'-trimethylellagic acid (TMEA, a polyphenol in Sanguisorba officinalis L.) using in silico prediction and experimental validation. A KEGG analysis indicated that PI3K/Akt signalling functioned as a crucial pathway. Furthermore, the virtual molecular docking results showed high-affinity binding (a docking score of 6.65) between TMEA and mTOR, suggesting that TMEA might target the mTOR protein to modulate signalling activity. After isolation of TMEA, in vitro and in vivo validation revealed that this compound could promote megakaryocyte differentiation/maturation and platelet formation. In addition, it enhanced the phosphorylation of PI3K, Akt, mTOR, and P70S6K and increased the expression of GATA-1 and NF-E2, which confirmed the mechanism prediction. In conclusion, our findings are the first to demonstrate that TMEA may provide a novel therapeutic strategy that relies on the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway to facilitate megakaryocyte differentiation and platelet production.

7.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(10): 2955-2956, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553056

RESUMO

Beesia deltophylla is an endemic and rare species only distributed in Xizang, China. The chloroplast genome of B. deltophylla is 157,397 bp in length, with 112 encoded genes including 78 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes. Phylogenetic reconstruction has confirmed the placement of B. deltophylla as sister to B. calthifolia. These two species formed a clade closely to a Japan endemic species Anemonopsis macrophylla.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 727170, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512352

RESUMO

Currently, polymyxin B has been widely used in the treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogen infections. Due to the limited pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic data, the optimal dosage regimen for the recently proposed therapeutic target of the area under the concentration-time curve over 24 h in steady state divided by the minimum inhibitory concentration 50-100 mg⋅h/L has not yet been established. Moreover, most studies have focused on critically ill patients, yet there have been no studies in the field of renal transplantation. To optimize the dosage strategy and reduce the risk of toxicity, a population pharmacokinetics model of polymyxin B with the Phoenix NLME program was developed in our study. A total of 151 plasma samples from 50 patients were collected in the present study. Polymyxin B plasma concentrations were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. A one-compartment model adequately described the data, and the clearance and volume of distribution were 1.18 L/h and 12.09 L, respectively. A larger creatinine clearance was associated with increased clearance of polymyxin B (p < 0.01). Monte Carlo simulation showed that a regimen of a 75 mg loading dose with a 50 mg maintenance dose was a better option to achieve an optimal therapeutic effect (minimum inhibitory concentration ≤1 mg/L) and to reduce the incidence of side effects for patients with renal impairments. The developed model suggested that dosing adjustment should be based on renal function in renal transplant patients.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 667644, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335245

RESUMO

Background: The total flavones of Abelmoschus manihot (TFA), a compound that is extracted from Abelmoschus manihot, has been widely used in China to reduce podocyte injury in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic action of this compound have yet to be elucidated. Podocyte pyroptosis is characterized by activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and plays an important role in inflammation-mediated diabetic kidneys. Regulation of the PTEN/PI3K/Akt pathway is an effective strategy for improving podocyte damage in DKD. Previous research has also shown that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification is involved in DKD and that m6A-modified PTEN regulates the PI3K/Akt pathway. In this study, we investigated whether TFA alleviates podocyte pyroptosis and injury by targeting m6A modification-mediated NLRP3-inflammasome activation and PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling. Methods: We used MPC-5 cells under high glucose (HG) conditions to investigate the key molecules that are involved in podocyte pyroptosis and injury, including activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and the PTEN/PI3K/Akt pathway. We detected alterations in the levels of three methyltransferases that are involved in m6A modification. We also investigated changes in the levels of these key molecules in podocytes with the overexpression or knockdown of methyltransferase-like (METTL)3. Results: Analysis showed that TFA and MCC950 protected podocytes against HG-induced pyroptosis and injury by reducing the protein expression levels of gasdermin D, interleukin-1ß, and interleukin-18, and by increasing the protein expression levels of nephrin, ZO-1, WT1 and podocalyxin. TFA and 740Y-P inhibited activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome via the PI3K/Akt pathway by inhibiting the protein levels of NIMA-related kinase7, NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1, and by increasing the protein expression levels of p-PI3K and p-Akt. TFA improved pyroptosis and injury in HG-stimulated podocytes by regulating METTL3-dependent m6A modification. Conclusion: Collectively, our data indicated that TFA could ameliorate pyroptosis and injury in podocytes under HG conditions by adjusting METTL3-dependent m6A modification and regulating NLRP3-inflammasome activation and PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling. This study provides a better understanding of how TFA can protect podocytes in DKD.

11.
Pathogens ; 10(8)2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34451496

RESUMO

The rapid monitoring of total fungi, including air and surface fungal profiling, is an important issue. Here, we applied air and surface sampling, combined with digital image quantification of surface mold spots, to evaluate the contribution of surface fungi to airborne fungal concentrations. Cladosporium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, and yeast often appeared in the air or on wall surfaces during sampling. The indoor/outdoor concentration ratios (I/O ratios) demonstrated that the airborne concentrations of commonly found fungal genera outdoors were higher than those indoors (median I/O ratio = 0.65-0.91), excluding those of Penicillium and yeast. Additionally, the surface density (fungal concentration/area) of individual fungi showed no significant correlation with the airborne concentration, excluding that of Geotrichum. However, if a higher surface ratio (>0.00031) of mold spots appeared in the total area of an indoor environment, then the concentrations of Aspergillus and Geotrichum in the air increased significantly. Our results demonstrated that the airborne concentration of indoor fungi is significantly correlated with the outdoor concentration. A higher density of surface fungi does not necessarily contribute to a high fungal concentration in the air. In contrast to fungal density, quantification of the surface fungal area is recommended to assess the risk of surface fungi propelling into the air.

12.
J Pathol ; 255(4): 374-386, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370292

RESUMO

Calcyphosine (CAPS) was initially identified from the canine thyroid. It also exists in many types of tumor, but its expression and function in glioma remain unknown. Here we explored the clinical significance and the functional mechanisms of CAPS in glioma. We found that CAPS was highly expressed in glioma and high expression of CAPS was correlated with poor survival, in glioma patients and public databases. Cox regression analysis showed that CAPS was an independent prognostic factor for glioma patients. Knockdown of CAPS suppressed the proliferation, whereas overexpression of CAPS promoted the proliferation of glioma both in vitro and in vivo. CAPS regulated the G2/M phase transition of the cell cycle, but had no obvious effect on apoptosis. CAPS affected PLK1 phosphorylation through interaction with MYPT1. CAPS knockdown decreased p-MYPT1 at S507 and p-PLK1 at S210. Expression of MYPT1 S507 phosphomimic rescued PLK1 phosphorylation and the phenotype caused by CAPS knockdown. The PLK1 inhibitor volasertib enhanced the therapeutic effect of temozolomide in glioma. Our data suggest that CAPS promotes the proliferation of glioma by regulating the cell cycle and the PLK1 inhibitor volasertib might be a chemosensitizer of glioma. © 2021 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. on behalf of The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

13.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 77(12): 1909-1917, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several population pharmacokinetics (popPK) models for polymyxin B have been constructed to optimize therapeutic regimens. However, their predictive performance remains unclear when extrapolated to different clinical centers. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the predictive ability of polymyxin B popPK models. METHODS: A literature search was conducted, and the predictive performance was determined for each selected model using an independent dataset of 20 patients (92 concentrations) from the Third Xiangya Hospital. Prediction- and simulation-based diagnostics were used to evaluate model predictability. The influence of prior information was assessed using Bayesian forecasting. RESULTS: Eight published studies were evaluated. In prediction-based diagnostics, the prediction error within ± 30% was over 50% in two models. In simulation-based diagnostics, the prediction- and variability-corrected visual predictive check (pvcVPC) showed satisfactory predictivity in three models, while the normalized prediction distribution error (NPDE) tests indicated model misspecification in all models. Bayesian forecasting demonstrated a substantially improvement in the model predictability even with one prior observation. CONCLUSION: Not all published models were satisfactory in prediction- and simulation-based diagnostics; however, Bayesian forecasting improved the predictability considerably with priors, which can be applied to guide polymyxin B dosing recommendations and adjustments for clinicians.

14.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 22(1): 45, 2021 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormally elevated xanthine oxidase (XO) activity has been verified to cause various pathological processes, such as gout, oxidative stress injury and metabolic syndrome. Thus, XO activators may exhibit above potential toxicological properties. Plumbagin (PLB) is an important active compound in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), while its obvious toxic effects have been reported, including diarrhea, skin rashes and hepatic toxicity. However, the potential toxicity associated with enhancement of XO activity has not been fully illuminated so far. METHODS: The present study investigated the effect of PLB on XO activity by culturing mouse liver S9 (MLS9), human liver S9 (HLS9), XO monoenzyme system with PLB and xanthine. Then, the molecular docking and biolayer interferometry analysis were adopted to study the binding properties between PLB and XO. Finally, the in vivo acceleration effect also investigated by injected intraperitoneally PLB to KM mice for 3 days. RESULTS: PLB could obviously accelerate xanthine oxidation in the above three incubation systems. Both the Vmax values and intrinsic clearance values (CLint, Vmax/Km) of XO in the three incubation systems increased along with elevated PLB concentration. In addition, the molecular docking study and label-free biolayer interferometry assay displayed that PLB was well bound to XO. In addition, the in vivo results showed that PLB (2 and 10 mg/kg) significantly increased serum uric acid levels and enhanced serum XO activity in mice. CONCLUSION: In summary, this study outlines a potential source of toxicity for PLB due to the powerful enhancement of XO activity, which may provide the crucial reminding for the PLB-containing preparation development and clinical application.

15.
J Genet Genomics ; 48(9): 792-802, 2021 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257044

RESUMO

Gut microbial dysbiosis has been linked to many noncommunicable diseases. However, little is known about specific gut microbiota composition and its correlated metabolites associated with molecular signatures underlying host response to infection. Here, we describe the construction of a proteomic risk score based on 20 blood proteomic biomarkers, which have recently been identified as molecular signatures predicting the progression of the COVID-19. We demonstrate that in our cohort of 990 healthy individuals without infection, this proteomic risk score is positively associated with proinflammatory cytokines mainly among older, but not younger, individuals. We further discover that a core set of gut microbiota can accurately predict the above proteomic biomarkers among 301 individuals using a machine learning model and that these gut microbiota features are highly correlated with proinflammatory cytokines in another independent set of 366 individuals. Fecal metabolomics analysis suggests potential amino acid-related pathways linking gut microbiota to host metabolism and inflammation. Overall, our multi-omics analyses suggest that gut microbiota composition and function are closely related to inflammation and molecular signatures of host response to infection among healthy individuals. These results may provide novel insights into the cross-talk between gut microbiota and host immune system.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , COVID-19/microbiologia , Disbiose/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Proteômica/métodos
16.
Adv Mater ; 33(30): e2102113, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146361

RESUMO

Shape-morphing magnetic soft materials, composed of magnetic particles in a soft polymer matrix, can transform shape reversibly, remotely, and rapidly, finding diverse applications in actuators, soft robotics, and biomedical devices. To achieve on-demand and sophisticated shape morphing, the manufacture of structures with complex geometry and magnetization distribution is highly desired. Here, a magnetic dynamic polymer (MDP) composite composed of hard-magnetic microparticles in a dynamic polymer network with thermally responsive reversible linkages, which permits functionalities including targeted welding for magnetic-assisted assembly, magnetization reprogramming, and permanent structural reconfiguration, is reported. These functions not only provide highly desirable structural and material programmability and reprogrammability but also enable the manufacturing of functional soft architected materials such as 3D kirigami with complex magnetization distribution. The welding of magnetic-assisted modular assembly can be further combined with magnetization reprogramming and permanent reshaping capabilities for programmable and reconfigurable architectures and morphing structures. The reported MDP are anticipated to provide a new paradigm for the design and manufacture of future multifunctional assemblies and reconfigurable morphing architectures and devices.

17.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12236, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Short sleep duration is common among nurses. Sleep restriction has been associated with musculoskeletal discomfort. However, studies on the effect of short sleep duration on chronic neck and shoulder discomfort in nurses have been lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether short sleep duration is related to chronic neck and shoulder discomfort. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of female nurses in secondary referral health centers in Taiwan. We applied stratified sampling based on region (north, central, south, and east) to select representative centers for this study. A self-administered structured questionnaire, including demographic data, the psychological working environment, and musculoskeletal symptoms, was administered to nurses. Multiple logistic regression and population attributable risk analyses were performed to assess the effect of average sleeping hours per working day on chronic neck and shoulder discomfort. RESULTS: A total of 1602 (78.9%) questionnaires were eligible for final analysis. The prevalence rates of chronic neck and shoulder discomfort were 33.9% and 34.7%, respectively. Population attributable risk estimation revealed that a sleep duration of <7 hours per working day was the most crucial factor for chronic neck and shoulder discomfort in the nurses, accounting for 8.8% of chronic neck discomfort and 8.6% of chronic shoulder discomfort respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study found that sleep duration on working days was associated with chronic neck and shoulder discomfort in female nurses. Further interventions are warranted for maintaining nurses' sleep hygiene.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia , Adulto , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Dor de Ombro/etiologia , Sono , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Adv Drug Deliv Rev ; 176: 113844, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182017

RESUMO

Biomarkers are assayed to assess biological and pathological status. Recent advances in high-throughput proteomic technology provide opportunities for developing next generation biomarkers for clinical practice aided by artificial intelligence (AI) based techniques. We summarize the advances and limitations of cancer biomarkers based on genomic and transcriptomic analysis, as well as classical antibody-based methodologies. Then we review recent progresses in mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics in terms of sample preparation, peptide fractionation by liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometric data acquisition. We highlight applications of AI techniques in high-throughput clinical studies as compared with clinical decisions based on singular features. This review sets out our approach for discovering clinical biomarkers in studies using proteomic big data technology conjoined with computational and statistical methods.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 666296, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34113252

RESUMO

Aims: To explore the interactive influence of glucocorticoids and cytochrome P450 (CYP450) polymorphisms on voriconazole (VRC) plasma trough concentrations (Cmin) and provide a reliable basis for reasonable application of VRC. Methods: A total of 918 VRC Cmin from 231 patients was collected and quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography in this study. The genotypes of CYP2C19, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 were detected by DNA sequencing assay. The effects of different genotypes and the coadministration of glucocorticoids on VRC Cmin were investigated. Furthermore, the interactive effects of glucocorticoids with CYP450s on VRC Cmin were also analyzed. Results: The median Cmin of oral administration was lower than that of intravenous administration (1.51 vs. 4.0 mg l-1). Coadministration of glucocorticoids (including dexamethasone, prednisone, prednisolone, and methylprednisolone) reduced the VRC Cmin/dose, respectively, among which dexamethasone make the median of the VRC Cmin/dose ratio lower. As a result, when VRC was coadministrated with glucocorticoids, the proportion of VRC Cmin/dose in the subtherapeutic window was increased. Different CYP450 genotypes have different effects on the Cmin/dose of VRC. Mutations of CYP2C19*2 and *3 increased Cmin/dose of VRC, while CYP2C19*17 and CYP3A4 rs4646437 polymorphisms decreased Cmin/dose of VRC. The mutation of CYP3A5 has no significant effect. Furthermore, CYP2C19*17 mutants could strengthen the effects of glucocorticoids and decrease VRC Cmin/dose to a larger extent. Conclusion: Our study revealed that glucocorticoids reduced the Cmin/dose levels of VRC and different SNPs of CYP450 have different effects on the Cmin/dose ratio of VRC. Glucocorticoids and CYP2C19*17 mutants had a synergistic effect on reducing VRC Cmin/dose. The present results suggested that when VRC is combined with glucocorticoids, we should pay more attention to the clinical efficacy of VRC, especially when CYP2C19*17 mutants exist.

20.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 19: 3640-3649, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34188785

RESUMO

Severity prediction of COVID-19 remains one of the major clinical challenges for the ongoing pandemic. Here, we have recruited a 144 COVID-19 patient cohort, resulting in a data matrix containing 3,065 readings for 124 types of measurements over 52 days. A machine learning model was established to predict the disease progression based on the cohort consisting of training, validation, and internal test sets. A panel of eleven routine clinical factors constructed a classifier for COVID-19 severity prediction, achieving accuracy of over 98% in the discovery set. Validation of the model in an independent cohort containing 25 patients achieved accuracy of 80%. The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were 0.70, 0.99, 0.93, and 0.93, respectively. Our model captured predictive dynamics of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) while their levels were in the normal range. This model is accessible at https://www.guomics.com/covidAI/ for research purpose.

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