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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 539-551, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645018

RESUMO

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma(RRR) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, with extensive pharmacological effects and clinical applications. This paper summarized processing history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical compositions and pharmacological effects, and provided feasible insights for further studies on the chemical compositions and pharmacological effects of RRR before and after processing. Relevant information demonstrated that RRR has a long history of processing and various methods. At pre-sent, Chinese Pharmacopoeia mainly records four processing methods: cleaning(raw RRR), wine processing(RRR stir-fried with wine), steaming processing(RRR wine steaming), fried charcoal(RRR charring). RRR has a good effect in clearing heat effect, hemostatic effect and blood promoting effect, and its main chemical components are anthraquinone/anthrones, stilbene, phenylbutanone, chromogens, flavonoids and tannin compounds. This paper reviewed the history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical composition and pharmacological changes, and put forward further study ideas, with the aim to provide a basic reference for processing mechanism, effective material basis and clinical application of RRR.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Vinho , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas/química , Rizoma/química
2.
J Sep Sci ; 44(7): 1552-1563, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475238

RESUMO

Danqi tablet composed of the dried roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Panax notoginseng is a well-known Chinese patent medicine commonly used for the treatment of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and myocardial ischemia. Numerous chemical constituents belonging to S. miltiorrhiza and P. notoginseng were detectable in Danqi tablet. Here, we established and validated a rapid and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry method for simultaneous quantification of 23 components in Danqi tablet and then successfully applied to assay 12 batches of samples from ten manufacturers. Our results demonstrated that the contents of 23 components in 12 batches of Danqi tablets varied significantly and their quality indeed existed differently based on the principal component analysis. According to the quantitative data and the loading plot of principal component analysis, five abundant compounds in Danqi tablet were selected as characteristic chemical markers possibly responsible for the quality assessment. Among them, salvianolic acid B and ginsenoside Rg1 were further chosen to be combined at 2:5 ratio to evaluate the anti-thrombotic activity on phenylhydrazine-induced zebrafish heart thrombosis model. Expectedly, this component combination increased the heart red blood cells intensity compared with the model group and the median effective concentration was 123.4 µg/mL, suggestive of its well anti-thrombotic effect. This study contributed to the quantitative evaluation of Danqi tablet and indicated the combination of salvianolic acid B and ginsenoside Rg1 may be capable of reflecting the effect of Danqi tablet, thereby providing a reference for further investigations on the improvement of quality control and clinical application of Danqi tablet.

3.
Brain Behav ; : e01995, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300684

RESUMO

Leonurus japonicus Houtt., a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, is often used as a gynecological medicine with the effect of promoting blood circulation, regulating menstruation, clearing heat, and detoxificating. As the most important alkaloid in L. japonicus, leonurine has a wide range of biological activities, such as antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and anti-apoptosis. Cardiovascular system and central nervous system diseases are arrogant killers that threaten human lives and health around the world, but many drugs for treating them have certain side effects. This paper reviews the potential therapeutic effects of leonurine on cardiovascular system and central nervous system diseases, summarizes the previous research progress, and focuses on its therapeutic effect in various diseases. Although leonurine plays a prominent role in the treatment of cardiovascular system and central nervous system diseases, there are still some shortages, such as low bioavailability, weak transmembrane ability, and poor fat solubility. Therefore, the structure modification of leonurine may solve these problems and provide reference value for the development of new drugs. At present, leonurine is in clinical trial, and it is hoped that our summary will help to provide guidance for its future research on the basic science and clinical application.

4.
Brief Bioinform ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253353

RESUMO

The outbreak and pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 in 2019 has caused a severe public health burden and will challenge global health for the future. The discovery and mechanistic investigation of drugs against Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is in deadly demand. The paper published by Li and colleagues proposed the hypothesis that vitamin C combined with glycyrrhizic acid in treating COVID-19 and its mechanistic investigation was performed by a database-based network pharmacology. In this letter, we present critical comments on the limitations and insufficiencies involved, from both the perspective of network pharmacology and current evidence on COVID-19.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029181

RESUMO

The present study aims to investigate the roles of herb pairs containing Angelicae Sinensis Radix (Danggui) in Xin-Sheng-Hua Granule (XSHG) on hemolytic and aplastic anemia (HAA) mice. HAA model mice were induced by acetyl phenylhydrazine and cyclophosphamide; then the samples of XSHG and its decomposed recipes (DY, DC, DT, DH, DJ, and DZ) were orally administrated to these mice. Indicators of peripheral blood routine, organ index, and ATPase activities were tested. Moreover, the main effective components in these samples were also analyzed by UHPLC-TQ-MS/MS. Clear separation between the control and model groups from score plot of principal component analysis (PCA) was easily seen, indicating that HAA model was successfully conducted. Afterwards, relative distance calculation method between dose groups and control group from PCA score plot was adopted to evaluate the integrated effects of hematinic function of different samples. And the orders of hematinic effects were as follows: XHSG > DJ > DT > DZ > DH > DC > DY. Further analysis of these samples by UHPLC-TQ-MS/MS revealed that XSHG underwent complicated changes when herb pairs containing Danggui were excluded from XSHG, respectively. Compared with XSHG, the vast majority of active compounds in sample DY (formula minus herb pair Danggui-Yimucao) decreased significantly, which could partly explain why herb pair Danggui-Yimucao made great contribution to XSHG. These findings showed that withdrawal analysis method is a valuable tool to analyze the impacts of herb pairs containing Danggui on XSHG, which could lay foundation to reveal the compatibility rules of this formula.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 01265, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33117148

RESUMO

The incidence rate of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CCVDs) is increasing worldwide, causing an increasingly serious public health burden. The pursuit of new promising treatment options is thus becoming a pressing issue. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is one of the main active quinochalcone C-glycosides in the florets of Carthamus tinctorius L., a medical and edible dual-purpose plant. HSYA has attracted much interest for its pharmacological actions in treating and/or managing CCVDs, such as myocardial and cerebral ischemia, hypertension, atherosclerosis, vascular dementia, and traumatic brain injury, in massive preclinical studies. In this review, we briefly summarized the mode and mechanism of action of HSYA on CCVDs based on these preclinical studies. The therapeutic effects of HSYA against CCVDs were presumed to reside mostly in its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective roles by acting on complex signaling pathways.

7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 261: 113000, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663590

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danggui Buxue Decoction (DBD), as a classical Chinese medicine prescription, is composed of Danggui (DG) and Huangqi (HQ) at a ratio of 1:5, and it has been used clinically in treating anemia for hundreds of years. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to explore the treatment mechanisms of DBD in anemia rats from the perspective of thymus and spleen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a successful hemorrhagic anemia model was established, and metabolomics (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) and proteomics (label-free approach) together with bioinformatics (Gene Ontology analysis and Reactome pathway enrichment), correlation analysis (pearson correlation matrix) and joint pathway analysis (MetaboAnalyst) were employed to discover the underlying mechanisms of DBD. RESULTS: DBD had a significant blood enrichment effect on hemorrhagic anemia rats. Metabolomics and proteomics results showed that DBD regulated a total of 10 metabolites (lysophosphatidylcholines, etc.) and 41 proteins (myeloperoxidase, etc.) in thymus, and 9 metabolites (L-methionine, etc.) and 24 proteins (transferrin, etc.) in spleen. With GO analysis and Reactome pathway enrichment, DBD mainly improved anti-oxidative stress ability of thymocyte and accelerated oxidative phosphorylation to provide ATP for splenocyte. Phenotype key indexes were strongly and positively associated with most of the differential proteins and metabolites, especially nucleosides, amino acids, Fabp4, Decr1 and Ndufs3. 14 pathways in thymus and 9 pathways in spleen were obtained through joint pathway analysis, in addition, the most influential pathway in thymus was arachidonic acid metabolism, while in spleen was the biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan. Furthermore, DBD was validated to up-regulate Mpo, Hbb and Cp levels and down-regulate Ca2+ level in thymus, as well as up-regulate Fabp4, Ndufs3, Tf, Decr1 and ATP levels in spleen. CONCLUSION: DBD might enhance thymus function mainly by reducing excessive lipid metabolism and intracellular Ca2+ level, and promote ATP production in spleen to provide energy.

9.
J Sep Sci ; 43(16): 3170-3182, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506800

RESUMO

Safflower has both medicinal and edible values but research on its nutrient composition is still lacking. This study was established for the quantitative determination of 28 nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids based on the ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole linear ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry. Analysis of 30 batches of safflower from different producing areas indicated that the contents of l-proline, l-asparagine, l(+)-arginine, l-serine, l-histidine, uracil, guanosine, and uridine was high in safflower. Principle component analysis and cluster analysis found that samples from different regions could be distinguished well, and samples from the same area could be clustered into one class, different geographical environments may cause the differences of nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids in safflower. The analysis of principal component analysis, cluster analysis, and counter propagation artificial neural network show similar results. Then the content of nucleosides, nucleobases, and essential amino acids were compared, and found that the content in safflower from Gansu was higher than those from other regions, and there was a little difference between the samples from Xinjiang, Sichuan, and Yunnan. This research revealed the composition of nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids in safflower, and provided a theoretical basis for utilization of safflower.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 260: 113050, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502651

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Neuropathic pain, the incidence of which ranges from 5 to 8% in the general population, remains challenge in the treatment. Shaoyao Gancao decoction (SGD) is a Chinese classical formula used to relieve pain for thousands of years and has been applied for neuropathic pain nowadays. However, the effective components of SGD for the treatment of neuropathic pain remains unclear. AIMS OF STUDY: To investigate the effect and potential mechanism of SGD against neuropathic pain and further reveal the effective components of SGD in the treatment of neuropathic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spared nerve injury (SNI) model rats of neuropathic pain were orally given SGD to intervene, the components in vivo after SGD administration were determined, behavior indicators, biochemical parameters, and metabolomics were applied for assessing the efficacy. Then correlation between components and biomarkers was analyzed by pearson correlation method. To further measure the contribution of components to efficacy, the combination of partial least-squares regression (PLSR) and multi-index comprehensive method was carried out, according to the corresponding contribution degree of the results, the components with large contribution degree were considered as the effective components. RESULTS: SGD exhibited a significant regulatory effect on neuropathic pain, which could increase the pain threshold and decrease the levels of SP, ß-EP, PGE2 and NO. With the high resolution of UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology, a total of 128 compounds from SGD were identified and 44 of them were absorbed in blood. Besides, 40 serum biomarkers were identified after intervention of SGD and the metabolic pathways were constructed. The key metabolic pathways including Glycerophospholipid metabolism, Linoleic acid metabolism, Alpha-linolenic acid metabolism, Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchor biosynthesis and Arachidonic acid metabolism may be related to the regulation of neuropathic pain. Metabolomics combined with PLSR and multi-index comprehensive method was utilized to discover 5 components including paeonol, DL-Arabinose, benzoic acid, hispaglabridin A and paeonilactone C as effective components of SGD in the treatment of neuropathic pain. This strategy was used to explore the effective components of SGD and elucidate its possible analgesic mechanism. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrate that SGD significantly relieved neuropathic pain and elucidated the effective components of SGD for treating neuropathic pain, the strategy as an illustrative case study can be applied to other classical formula and is beneficial to improve the quality and efficacy.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 256: 112795, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224197

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acanthus ilicifolius L. has been used as a folk medicine in the treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis in China for a long time. Phenylethanoid glycosides are one of main components in A. ilicifolius L. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of present study was to assess the hepatoprotective activities of total phenylethanoid glycosides from A. ilicifolius L. (APhGs) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury in vivo and in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The APhGs was separated by resin column chromatography. The purity of total phenylethanoid glycosides was determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry using acteoside as a standard. The hepatoprotective activities of APhGs against CCl4-induced liver injury were performed on experimental mice and L-02 hepatocytes. Moreover, the antioxidant activities of APhGs were tested in vitro. RESULTS: The results showed that pre-administration of APhGs to mice decreased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels in serum, and improved superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) level in serum and liver tissue induced by CCl4. Specifically, the SOD activities of APhGs-H and APhGs-M treatment groups were stronger than that of silymarin treatment group. The protective activities of APhGs were confirmed by histopathological results. Moreover, immunohistochemical analysis showed that APhGs could remarkably down-regulate the protein expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß). In vitro experiment, APhGs was observed to increase L-02 hepatocyte viability against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity. In addition, antioxidation assays revealed that APhGs showed 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, and ferric reducing ability. CONCLUSION: Overall, total phenylethanoid glycosides from A. ilicifolius L. displayed promising hepatoprotective effects. These results offer a support for the medicine uses of A. ilicifolius L.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32190085

RESUMO

Background: Qixuehe capsule (QXH), a Chinese patent medicine, has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of menstrual disorders. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome (QS-BSS) is the main syndrome type of menstrual disorders. However, the pharmacodynamic effect of QXH in treating QS-BSS is not clear, and the main active compounds and underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Methods: A rat model of QS-BSS was established to evaluate the pharmacodynamic effect of QXH. Thereafter, a network pharmacology approach was performed to decipher the active compounds and underlying mechanisms of QXH. Results: QXH could significantly reduce the rising whole blood viscosity (WBV) and plasma viscosity (PV) but also normalize prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), and fibrinogen (FIB) content in QS-BSS rats. Based on partial least-squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), the low-dose QXH-intervened (QXH-L) and the high-dose QXH-intervened (QXH-H) groups seemed the most effective by calculating the relative distance to normality. Through network pharmacology, QXH may improve hemorheological abnormality mainly via 185 compounds-51 targets-28 pathways, whereas 184 compounds-68 targets-28 pathways were associated with QXH in improving coagulopathy. Subsequently, 25 active compounds of QXH were verified by UPLC-Q/TOF-MS. Furthermore, 174 active compounds of QXH were shared in improving hemorheological abnormality and coagulopathy in QS-BSS, each of which can act on multiple targets to be mainly involved in complement and coagulation cascades, leukocyte transendothelial migration, PPAR signaling pathway, VEGF signaling pathway, and arachidonic acid metabolism. The attribution of active compounds indicated that Angelicae Sinensis Radix (DG), Paeoniae Radix Rubra (CS), Carthami Flos (HH), Persicae Semen (TR), and Corydalis Rhizoma (YHS) were the vital herbs of QXH in treating QS-BSS. Conclusion: QXH can improve the hemorheology abnormality and coagulopathy of QS-BSS, which may result from the synergy of multiple compounds, targets, and pathways.

13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 247: 112284, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604137

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herb pair, the most fundamental and simplest form of herb compatibility, serves as the basic building block of traditional Chinese medicine formulae. The Danshen-Honghua herb pair (DH), composed of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen in Chinese) and Carthami Flos (Honghua in Chinese), has remarkable clinical efficacy to cure cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. This study was designed to investigate the pharmacodynamics of DH in comparison with single herbs and pharmacokinetics of DH relative to Danshen in acute myocardial ischemic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into control, model and drug treated groups. The acute myocardial ischemia rat model was induced by administering 85 mg/kg/d isoproterenol (ISO) subcutaneously for two consecutive days. For pharmacodynamic study, histopathological and biochemical analysis were performed to assess the anti-myocardial ischemic effects. While for pharmacokinetic study, a UPLC-MS/MS method was developed for determination of nine main active ingredients, namely danshensu, protocatechuic acid, protocatechualdehyde, caffeic acid, lithospermic acid, rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B, salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid C in rat plasma. RESULTS: The histopathological and biochemical analysis revealed that DH exerted enhanced anti-myocardial ischemic effects against the ISO-induced myocardial ischemia compared with single herbs. The pharmacokinetic study indicated that DH could significantly increase the t1/2z of danshensu, Tmax, AUC0-∞ and MRT0-t of protocatechuic acid in comparison with Danshen alone in normal rats, but more importantly elevate systemic exposure level and prolong t1/2z of protocatechualdehyde, caffeic acid, Tmax of danshensu in acute myocardial ischemia rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated the greater effects of DH after the compatibility in ISO-induced acute myocardial ischemia rats at pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic levels and provided valuable information for clinical application of herb pairs.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Carthamus tinctorius , China , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Combinação de Medicamentos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Etnofarmacologia , Humanos , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Ratos
14.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112873, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539711

RESUMO

A rapid, sensitive and convenient analytical method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole linear ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTRAP®/MS2) was proposed for the simultaneous determination of characteristic alkaline and acidic components covering many structure types including alkaloids, phenolic acids, phenylpropanoids and flavonoids in Leonurus japonicus Houtt. (LJ). The proposed method was first reported and validated by assessing the matrix effects, linearity, limit of detections, limit of quantifications, precision, repeatability, stability and recovery of target components. The developed UPLC-QTRAP®/MS2 was successfully applied to simultaneously determine all target compounds in 38 batches of LJ from 11 different producing regions in China and five organs (including root, caulis, branch, flower and leaf) of LJ from the same stand planting base in Jiangsu Province (China). The result showed that LJ in different regions with different geographical position would affect the accumulation of different compounds, and the significant discrepancies of some target compounds were also observed in different organs of LJ due to different biosynthetic pathway and enzymes in different organs. Furthermore, both hierarchical clustering analysis and principal components analysis were performed to classify the 38 batches of LJ samples from different producing regions on the basis of target compounds. As a result, the samples could be mainly clustered into different groups, which were similar with areas classification. Overall, the presented method would be helpful for the comprehensive utilization and development of LJ resources.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Leonurus/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Controle de Qualidade , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Flores/química , Geografia , Folhas de Planta/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112837, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493746

RESUMO

The ambiguity of dose-effect relationship of many traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) has always influenced their rational use in TCM clinic. Rhubarb, a preferred representative of cathartic TCM, is currently widely used that results in a diversity of its dosage. The aim of this study was to use an integrated metabolomics strategy to simultaneously reveal dose-effect relationship and therapeutic mechanisms of different efficacy of rhubarb in constipation rats. Six doses of rhubarb (0.135, 0.27, 0.81, 1.35, 4.05, and 8.1 g/kg) were examined to elucidate the laxative and fire-purging effects by pathological sections and UPLC-Q-TOF/MSE. The results showed that there existed serious lesions in the stomach and colon of model rats. And conditions were basically improved to some extent in rhubarb-treated groups. Through relative distance calculation based on metabolomics score plots, it suggested that the effective dose threshold (EC20-EC80 range) of rhubarb was from 0.31 to 4.5 g/kg (corresponding to 3.44-50.00 g in the clinic) in rat serum and 0.29-2.1 g/kg (corresponding to 3.22-23.33 g in the clinic) in feces. Then, 33 potential biomarkers were identified in total. Functional pathway analysis revealed that the alterations of these biomarkers were associated with 15 metabolic pathways, mainly including arachidonic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, steroid biosynthesis, primary bile acid biosynthesis and sphingolipid metabolism. Of note, different doses of rhubarb could alleviate endogenous disorders to varying degrees through regulating multiple perturbed pathways to the normal state, which might be in a dose-dependent manner and involved in therapeutic mechanisms. To sum up, integrated serum and fecal metabolomics obtained that rhubarb ranging from 0.31 to 2.1 g/kg is safe and effective for constipation treatment. Also, our findings showed that the robust metabolomics techniques would be promising to be more accurately used in the dose-effect studies of complex TCM, and to clarify syndrome pathogenesis and action mechanisms in Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Laxantes/administração & dosagem , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Rheum/química , Animais , Ácido Araquidônico/análise , Ácido Araquidônico/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Constipação Intestinal/sangue , Constipação Intestinal/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/química , Glicerofosfolipídeos/análise , Glicerofosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Humanos , Laxantes/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolômica/métodos , Ratos
16.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(11): 871-880, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831133

RESUMO

Dahuang-Gancao decoction (DGD) is a classical formula, which is commonly used for reliving constipation in Chinese clinic. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution alternations of DGD in normal and constipation mice. DGD exhibited stronger purgative effect in constipation mice by the increased fecal excretion and reduced first defection time compared with normal mice. The Cmax, AUC0-t and MRT0-t of rhein, aloe-emodin, rhein-8-O-ß-D-glucoside, sennoside A, and glycyrrhizic acid as main bio-active components in DGD were markedly increased in constipation mice. The tissue distribution of the analytes in constipation mice were higher than those in normal mice with rhein > rhein-8-O-ß-D-glucoside > aloe-emodin > glycyrrhizic acid > emodin in liver, and glycyrrhizic acid > rhein-8-O-ß-D-glucoside > liquitin > sennoside A > rhein > aloe-emodin > emodin in colon. The kidney concentrations of the analytes showed a descending order of rhein > rhein-8-O-ß-D-glucoside > sennoside A > glycyrrhizic acid > aloe-emodin > emodin, most of them were higher while rhein was lower in constipation mice than normal mice. The higher exposure of the anthraquinones in plasma, liver and colon may result in the stronger purgative effect in the constipation mice than normal mice. Rhein is mainly excreted through the kidney, the decreased level of rhein in constipation mice may explain the alleviated side effects. Accumulation of glycyrrhizic acid in colon may related with the moderate property of licorice. These results provided the experimental basis for understanding the therapeutic effects and metabolite profile of DGD.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Glycyrrhiza/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rheum/química , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Distribuição Tecidual
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3116-3122, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602861

RESUMO

The quality marker( Q-maker) of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) has been the core concept of TCM quality evaluation and control in recent years. Based on the knowledge and long-term practice of the researches on TCM quality,we put forward that " Taking the effectiveness as the core,the measurability and peculiarity as necessary conditions,and considering compatibility for TCM formulae,TCM Q-makers are selected and confirmed,and then the transmission and traceability should be investigated as its functional attributes". Selecting the commonly used representative TCM as the research object,based on the score of TCM effectiveness,measurability and peculiarity,a layered three-dimensional integrated technology was adopted for the quantitative evaluation and grading identification of the Q-markers for TCM. And after Q-markers for TCM are selected and confirmed,the transmission variation of the Q-markers is studied in the whole process from the formation of TCM to its function representation. Based on TCM chemical and biological characteristics as well as effectiveness,and integrating multidisciplinary techniques and methods,researches on innovative methods for system identification and confirmation of the TCM Q-makers are developed emphatically to form representative and exemplary extensive application,which will provide significant theoretical and methodological support for effectively improving the quality control level of TCM.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Biomarcadores , Controle de Qualidade
18.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533325

RESUMO

In the present study, a new strategy including the combination of external appearance, chemical detection, and biological analysis was proposed for the comprehensive evaluation of safflowers in different producing areas. Firstly, 40 batches of safflower samples were classified into class I and II based on color measurements and K-means clustering analysis. Secondly, a rapid and sensitive analytical method was developed for simultaneous quantification of 16 chromaticity-related characteristic components (including characteristic components hydroxysafflor yellow A, anhydrosafflor yellow B, safflomin C, and another 13 flavonoid glycosides) in safflowers by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole linear ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTRAP®/MS2). The results of the quantification indicate that hydroxysafflor yellow A, anhydrosafflor yellow B, kaempferol, quercetin, and safflomin C had significant differences between the two types of safflower, and class I of safflower had a higher content of hydroxysafflor yellow A, anhydrosafflor yellow B, and safflomin C as the main anti-thrombotic components in safflower. Thirdly, chemometrics methods were employed to illustrate the relationship in multivariate data of color measurements and chromaticity-related characteristic components. As a result, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside and 6-hydroxykaempferol-3-O-ß-d-glucoside were strongly associated with the color indicators. Finally, anti-thrombotic analysis was used to evaluate activity and verify the suitability of the classification basis of safflower based on the color measurements. It was shown that brighter, redder, yellower, more orange-yellow, and more vivid safflowers divided into class I had a higher content of characteristic components and better anti-thrombotic activity. In summary, the presented strategy has potential for quality evaluation of other flower medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Carthamus tinctorius/química , Fenômenos Químicos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Animais , Carthamus tinctorius/classificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fibrinolíticos/química , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Geografia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Peixe-Zebra
19.
Pharmacol Res ; 148: 104453, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541688

RESUMO

With the development of system biology, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is drawing more and more attention nowadays. However, there are still many enigmas behind this ancient medical system because of the arcane theory and complex mechanism of actions. In recent decades, advancements in genome sequencing technologies, bioinformatics and culturomics have led to the groundbreaking characterization of the gut microbiota, a 'forgotten organ', and its role in host health and disease. Notably, gut microbiota has been emerging as a new avenue to understanding TCM. In this review, we will focus on the structure, composition, functionality and metabolites of gut microbiota affected by TCM so as to conversely understand its theory and mechanisms. We will also discuss the potential areas of gut microbiota for exploring Chinese material medica waste, Chinese marine material medica, add-on therapy and personalized precise medication of TCM. The review will conclude with future perspectives and challenges of gut microbiota in TCM intervention.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos
20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 244: 112132, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381954

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Formula Le-Cao-Shi (LCS) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has long been used as a folk remedy against hepatitis B in China. The present study was conducted to evaluate the anti-hepatitis B effects of aqueous extract of LCS in vivo and in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHOD: we investigated the anti-HBV effects of LCS in vivo and in vitro with duck hepatitis B model and HepG2.2.15 cell line model, respectively. The serologic and cellular biomarkers and the histopathological changes were examined. RESULTS: By a duck hepatitis B model, the extract of LCS was found to restrain the expressions of duck hepatitis B surface antigen (DHBsAg), hepatitis B e antigen (DHBeAg), and HBV-DNA (DHBV-DNA). Moreover, LCS could decrease the levels of aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST and ALT) and ameliorate duck liver histological lesions. Correspondingly, in a HepG2.2.15 cellular model, LCS could also significantly inhibit the secretions of HBsAg and HBeAg. CONCLUSION: LCS exerted potent anti-hepatitis effects against the infection of HBV. The above results demonstrated the first-hand experimental evidences for the anti-hepatitis B efficiency of LCS. Our study provides a basis for further exploration and development of this promising compound prescription to treat hepatitis B disease.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite Viral Animal/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Viral , Patos , Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/patologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B do Pato/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B do Pato/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B do Pato/imunologia , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite Viral Animal/imunologia , Hepatite Viral Animal/patologia , Hepatite Viral Animal/virologia , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
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