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1.
Opt Express ; 27(19): 27088-27102, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674576

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel multispectral video acquisition method for dynamic scenes by using the Spectral-Sweep camera. To fully utilize the redundancies of multispectral videos in the spatial, temporal and spectral dimensions, we propose a Complex Optical Flow (COF) method that could extract the spatial and spectral signal variations between adjacent spectral-sweep frames. A complex L 1-norm constrained optimization algorithm is proposed to compute the COF maps, with which we recover the entire multispectral video by temporally propagating the captured spectral-sweep frames under the guidance of reconstructed COF maps. We demonstrate the promising accuracy of reconstructing full spatial and temporal sensor resolution multispectral videos with our method both quantitatively and qualitatively. Compared with state-of-the-art multispectral imagers, our computational multispectral imaging system can significantly reduce the hardware complexities, while achieves comparable or even better performance.

2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(3): 294-298, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the growth and reproduction of the promastigotes of Leishmania isolates from various endemic areas of visceral leishmaniasis in China in various culture media, so as to provide experimental evidence for selecting an appropriate medium for the culture of Leishmania. METHODS: A total of 3 × 105 promastigotes of KS-2, Cy and JIASHI-5 Leishmania isolates were inoculated into 1 mL NNN medium, 1 mL M199 medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum medium, 1 mL M199 medium supplemented with 20% horse serum medium, and 1 mL brain heart infusion medium containing heme, respectively. All media were placed at 22 ℃ under a sterile condition, and the number of promastigotes was counted continuously for 8 days under a microscope. The growth curve was plotted for the three Leishmania isolates. RESULTS: The promastigotes of KS-2, Cy and JIASHI-5 Leishmania isolates all grew and reproduced in the NNN medium, the M199 medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum medium, and the M199 medium supplemented with 20% horse serum medium. The number of promastigotes of KS-2, Cy and JIASHI-5 Leishmania isolates was all significantly higher in the NNN medium than in the M199 medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum medium, and the M199 medium supplemented with 20% horse serum medium at various time points of culture (all P values < 0.05), and the number of promastigotes of the KS-2 isolate was all significantly greater than that of the Cy and JIASHI-5 isolates in the NNN medium, the M199 medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum medium, and the M199 medium supplemented with 20% horse serum medium at various time points of culture (all P values < 0.05). In ad dition, the promastigotes of KS-2, Cy and JIASHI-5 Leishmania isolates failed to grow and reproduce in the brain heart infusion medium. CONCLUSIONS: The growth and reproduction of the promastigotes of various Leishmania isolates from various endemic areas of visceral leishmaniasis in China vary in the same culture medium, and the growth and reproduction of a Leishmania isolate vary in different culture media. The NNN medium best fits for the culture of Leishmania isolates in the endemic areas of visceral leishmaniasis in China.


Assuntos
Meios de Cultura , Leishmania , China , Meios de Cultura/química , Humanos , Leishmania/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Leishmaniose Visceral/parasitologia , Reprodução
3.
Dermatology ; : 1-9, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety/Depression Scale (SAS/SDS) in evaluating anxiety and depression in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. METHODS: A total of 70 PsA patients were enrolled. Demographic and clinical characteristics were collected after enrollment. HADS-A and SAS were used to evaluate the anxiety of PsA patients, while HADS-D and SDS were used to evaluate the depression of PsA patients. RESULTS: Similar results were observed in detecting the rate of anxiety by HADS-A and SAS (27.1 vs. 21.4%, p = 0.424), and there was no difference in classifying the severity of anxiety by HADS-A and SAS (p = 0.347). The Spearman test also disclosed that HADS-A score was positively associated with SAS score (p <0.001). The rates of depression were similar by HADS-D and SDS (27.1 vs. 40.0%; p = 0.108). However, different results were observed in grading the severity of anxiety by HADS-D and SDS (p = 0.009), and no correlation was observed between HADS-D and SDS scores (p = 0.138). The consumption of time for HADS assessment was shorter than that for SAS/SDS assessment (p < 0.001). In addition, a positive correlation of HADS-A score with patients' global assessment (PGA) (p = 0.022) and fatigue scores (p = 0.028) was discovered, and HADS-D score was positively associated with PGA score (p = 0.019). SAS or SDS score presented less correlation with clinical features of PsA patients, which illuminated that only SAS score was positively associated with duration of psoriasis (p = 0.030). CONCLUSION: HADS seems to be a better option for anxiety and depression assessment than SAS/SDS in PsA patients.

4.
BMC Immunol ; 20(1): 28, 2019 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to investigate the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profiles in psoriatic arthritis (PSA) patients by RNA sequencing, and to further explore potential biomarkers that were able to predict PSA risk and activity. METHODS: LncRNA and mRNA expression profiles in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of 4 PSA patients and 4 normal controls (NCs) were detected by RNA sequencing, followed by comprehensive bioinformatic analyses. Subsequently, 3 top upregulated and 2 top downregulated lncRNAs were chosen for further validation in 93 PSA patients and 93 NCs by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay. RESULTS: Totally 76 upregulated and 54 downregulated lncRNAs, as well as 231 upregulated and 102 downregulated mRNAs were discovered in PSA patients compared with NCs. Enrichment analyses revealed that they were mostly associated with nucleosome, extracellular exosome and extracellular matrix, and the top enriched pathways were systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), alcoholism and viral carcinogenesis. qPCR assay showed that lnc-RP11-701H24.7 and lnc-RNU12 were upregulated in PSA patients compared with NCs, and they could predict PSA risk with high area under curves. Besides, lnc-RP11-701H24.7 was positively associated with ESR, SJC, TJC and pain VAS score while lnc-RNU12 was positively correlated with PASI score, CRP and PGA score, implying that both of them were positively correlated with disease activity. CONCLUSION: Our study facilitates comprehensive understanding of lncRNA expression profiles in PSA pathogenesis, and discovers that lnc-RP11-701H24.7 and lnc-RNU12 might be served as novel biomarkers for PSA risk and activity.

5.
Nat Immunol ; 20(10): 1322-1334, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427773

RESUMO

We report a new immunodeficiency disorder in mice caused by a viable hypomorphic mutation of Snrnp40, an essential gene encoding a subunit of the U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) complex of the spliceosome. Snrnp40 is ubiquitous but strongly expressed in lymphoid tissue. Homozygous mutant mice showed hypersusceptibility to infection by murine cytomegalovirus and multiple defects of lymphoid development, stability and function. Cell-intrinsic defects of hematopoietic stem cell differentiation also affected homozygous mutants. SNRNP40 deficiency in primary hematopoietic stem cells or T cells or the EL4 cell line increased the frequency of splicing errors, mostly intron retention, in several hundred messenger RNAs. Altered expression of proteins associated with immune cell function was also observed in Snrnp40-mutant cells. The immunological consequences of SNRNP40 deficiency presumably result from cumulative, moderate effects on processing of many different mRNA molecules and secondary reductions in the expression of critical immune proteins, yielding a syndromic immune disorder.

6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(7): 701-707, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the structural features of intestinal flora in preterm rats with cognitive impairment and the association of the change in intestinal flora with cognitive impairment in preterm rats. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats at 16-17 days of gestation were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide for two consecutive days to establish a model of cognitive impairment, and the rats treated with intraperitoneally injected phosphate-buffered saline were established as the control group. Cesarean section was performed on day 21 of gestation, and preterm rats were randomly assigned to healthy maternal rats for feeding. The place navigation test in the Morris water maze was used to evaluate cognition on day 30 after birth. According to the result, the preterm rats were divided into cognitive impairment group with 21 rats and normal control group with 10 rats. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe pathological changes of the hippocampus, and fecal samples were collected for 16S rRNA sequencing and analysis. A principal component analysis (PCA) was performed for intestinal flora. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the cognitive impairment group showed degeneration and necrosis of a large number of neurons in the hippocampus. Compared with the normal control group, the cognitive impairment group had significant reductions in the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora (P<0.05), with a significant increase in the abundance of Proteobacteria at the phylum level (P<0.05), as well as significant reductions in the abundance of Prevotella and Lactobacillus and significant increases in the abundance of Staphylococcaceae and Oligella at the order, family, and genus levels (P<0.05). PCA showed a significant difference in the composition of intestinal flora between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant change in the structure of intestinal flora in preterm rats with cognitive impairment, which provides a basis for the treatment and intervention of microecological changes due to cognitive impairment after preterm birth.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Cesárea , Feminino , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2813-2819, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359695

RESUMO

A rapid and accurate method for determination of astragaloside Ⅳ was established,which was further applied to determine the contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in 87 batches of different origin and different grade of Astragali Radix. The ROC curve was used to analyze the contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in different origin. Simultaneous contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in different grade were compared with chemometrics. HPLC-ELSD method was used to determine the contents of astragaloside Ⅳ. A Vensil MP C18 column( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 µm) was used with acetonitrile-water( 32 ∶68) as the mobile phase at a flow rateof 1 m L·min-1. The column temperature was 25 ℃ with ELSD parameters as follows: gas flow rate was 2. 5 L·min-1,the drift tube heating temperature was set to 105 ℃,and the gain value was 4. 0. The optimized method avoided the problem that the consumable quality unstable and the recovery rate was not high. The contents determined by the optimized method were higher than the pharmacopoeia method,with less time and high recovery rate. The ROC curve analysis showed that there was no significant difference of contents of astragaloside Ⅳ between the top grade of Shanxi wild-simulated Astragali Radix top and the first grade of Gansu cultivated Astragali Radix. The contents of astragaloside Ⅳ in the second,third and fourth grade of Shanxi wild-simulated Astragali Radix was significantly higher than those of produced from Gansu.There was a significant negative correlation between the contents of astragaloside Ⅳ and grade in Shanxi Astragali Radix. While there was no correlation for Gansu Astragali Radix. This study provided the basis for the quality grade standard of Astragali Radix.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta)/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Saponinas/análise , Triterpenos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
8.
Microsc Res Tech ; 82(11): 1843-1851, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361070

RESUMO

Atomic force microscope (AFM) has been widely used in the biological field owing to its high sensitivity (subnanonewton), high spatial resolution (nanometer), and adaptability to physiological environments. Nowadays, force volume (FV) and peakforce quantitative nanomechanical (QNM) are two distinct modes of AFM used in biomechanical research. However, numerous studies have revealed an extremely confusing phenomenon that FV mode has a significant difference with QNM in determining the mechanical properties of the same samples. In this article, for the case of human benign prostatic hyperplasia cells (BPH) and two cancerous prostate cells with different grades of malignancy (PC3 and DU145), the differences were compared between FV and QNM modes in detecting mechanical properties. The results show measured Young's modulus of the same cells in FV mode was much lower than that obtained by QNM mode. Combining experimental results with working principles of two modes, it is indicated that surface adhesion is highly suspected to be a critical factor resulting in the measurement difference between two modes. To further confirm this conjecture, various weight ratios of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) were assessed by two modes, respectively. The results show that the difference of Young's modulus measured by two modes increases with the surface adhesion of PDMS, confirming that adhesion is one of the significant elements that lead to the measurement difference between FV and QNM modes.

9.
J Robot Surg ; 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218501

RESUMO

To evaluate the feasibility and safety of robotic lateral cervical lymph node dissection via BABA, 260 thyroid cancer patients with suspected level II, III, IV, and Vb lymph node metastasis were selected. The lateral cervical compartment was exposed by splitting the sternocleidomastoid muscle longitudinally, and separating between the strap muscles and the anterior margin of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. The procedure was completed in 260 patients. Mean time for robotic lateral node dissection took 80 ± 21 min. The wound catheter was removed 6.3 days. Postoperative transient symptomatic hypocalcemia was observed in 51 patients, transient hoarseness in three, seroma in three, chyle leakage in two, and tracheal injury in one. 124 patients were confirmed to have lymph node metastasis on final pathological report. Average postoperative hospital stay was 6.5 days. Robotic lateral neck dissection by BABA is the acceptable operative alternative for thyroid cancer patients who wished to keep their surgical history private.

10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(23): 11380-11389, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097594

RESUMO

LPS-responsive beige-like anchor (LRBA) protein deficiency in humans causes immune dysregulation resulting in autoimmunity, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), hypogammaglobulinemia, regulatory T (Treg) cell defects, and B cell functional defects, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible are incompletely understood. In an ongoing forward genetic screen for N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced mutations that increase susceptibility to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice, we identified two nonsense mutations in Lrba Although Treg cells have been a main focus in LRBA research to date, we found that dendritic cells (DCs) contribute significantly to DSS-induced intestinal inflammation in LRBA-deficient mice. Lrba -/- DCs exhibited excessive IRF3/7- and PI3K/mTORC1-dependent signaling and type I IFN production in response to the stimulation of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 3, TLR7, and TLR9. Substantial reductions in cytokine expression and sensitivity to DSS in LRBA-deficient mice were caused by knockout of Unc93b1, a chaperone necessary for trafficking of TLR3, TLR7, and TLR9 to endosomes. Our data support a function for LRBA in limiting endosomal TLR signaling and consequent intestinal inflammation.

11.
Theranostics ; 9(9): 2678-2693, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131061

RESUMO

Poor wound healing affects millions of people worldwide each year and needs better therapeutic strategies. Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 is a naturally occurring photoautotrophic cyanobacterium that can be easily obtained and large-scale expanded. Here, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of this cyanobacterium in a mouse model of acute burn injury and whether the secretion of extracellular vesicles (EVs), important mediators of cell paracrine activity, is a key mechanism of the cyanobacterium-induced regulation of wound healing. Methods: The effects of Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 on burn wound healing in mice under light or dark conditions were evaluated by measuring wound closure rates, histological and immunofluorescence analyses. A series of assays in vivo and in vitro were conducted to assess the impact of the cyanobacterium on angiogenesis. GW4869 was used to interfere with the secretion of EVs by the cyanobacterium and the abilities of the GW4869-pretreated and untreated Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 to regulate endothelial angiogenesis were compared. The direct effects of the cyanobacterium-derived EVs (S. elongatus-EVs) on angiogenesis, wound healing and expressions of a class of pro-inflammatory factors that have regulatory roles in wound healing were also examined. Results: Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 treatment under light and dark conditions both significantly promoted angiogenesis and burn wound repair in mice. In vitro, the cyanobacterium enhanced angiogenic activities of endothelial cells, but the effects were markedly blocked by GW4869 pretreatment. S. elongatus-EVs were capable of augmenting endothelial angiogenesis in vitro, and stimulating new blood vessel formation and burn wound healing in mice. The expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6), which has an essential role in angiogenesis during skin wound repair, was induced in wound tissues and wound healing-related cells by S. elongatus-EVs and Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. Conclusion: Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 has the potential as a promising strategy for therapeutic angiogenesis and wound healing primarily by the delivery of functional EVs, not by its photosynthetic activity. The promotion of IL-6 expression may be a mechanism of the cyanobacterium and its EVs-induced pro-angiogenic and -wound healing effects.

12.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(1): 159-165, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868507

RESUMO

Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) exhibit high selectivity resulting from imprinted cavities and superior performance from functional materials, which have attracted much attention in many fields. However, the combination of MIPs film and functional materials is a great challenge. In this study, hemin/graphene hybrid nanosheets (H-GNs) were used to initiate the imprinted polymerization by catalyzing the generation of free radicals. Thus, MIPs using sulfamethoxazole as the template was directly prepared on the surface of H-GNs without any film modification. Most importantly, the template could be absorbed on the H-GNs to enhance the number of imprinted sites per unit surface area, which could improve the selectivity of MIPs film. Thus, the composites could exhibit high adsorption capacity (29.4 mg/g), imprinting factor (4.2) and excellent conductivity, which were modified on the surface of electrode for rapid, selective and sensitive detection of sulfamethoxazole in food and serum samples. The linear range was changed from 5 µg/kg to 1 mg/g and the limit of detection was 1.2 µg/kg. This sensor was free from interference caused by analogues of sulfamethoxazole, which provides a novel insight for the preparation of MIPs-based sensor and its application in food safety monitoring and human exposure study.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular/métodos , Polímeros/síntese química , Sulfametoxazol/análise , Adsorção , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Grafite/química , Hemina/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Nanoestruturas/química , Polímeros/química
13.
Psychol Health Med ; 24(3): 269-280, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293440

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported a higher incidence of depression and anxiety in psoriasis patients compared to the general population, which has important implications for assessment and treatment. In this study, we determined the frequency of depression and anxiety in Chinese patients with psoriasis and its relationship with disease severity and other demographic variables. The study included 208 Chinese patients with psoriasis vulgaris. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7) were used to screen for depression and anxiety. The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) was used to assess the severity of psoriasis. Of the 208 patients included in the study, 29 patients (13.9%) were positive for moderate-to-severe depression (PHQ-9 ≥ 10) and 22 patients (10.6%) were positive for anxiety (GAD-7 ≥ 10) symptoms. Both positive stress reactors who perceived stress as an exacerbating factor of psoriasis and moderate-to-severe psoriasis were found to be positive predictors for the presence of moderate-to-severe depression or anxiety symptoms while longer duration and late onset age played a protective role. In the sample of Chinese patients with psoriasis there was a clinically significant prevalence of depression and anxiety. Our study suggests that Chinese psoriasis patients should be screened for psychiatric comorbidities.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2647, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30519240

RESUMO

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a group of neurodegenerative disorders that featured with the death of motor neurons, which leads to loss of voluntary control on muscles. The etiologies vary among different subtypes of ALS, and no effective management or medication could be provided to the patients, with the underlying mechanisms incompletely understood yet. Mutations in human Optn (Optineurin), particularly E478G, have been found in many ALS patients. In this work, we report that NF-κB activity was increased in Optn knockout (Optn -/-) MEF (mouse embryonic fibroblast) cells expressing OPTN of different ALS-associated mutants especially E478G. Inflammation was significantly activated in mice infected with lenti-virus that allowed overexpression of OPTN E478G mutation in the motor cortex, with marked increase in the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines as well as neuronal cell death. Our work with both cell and animal models strongly suggested that anti-inflammation treatment could represent a powerful strategy to intervene into disease progression in ALS patients who possess the distinctive mutations in OPTN gene.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(50): e13669, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558071

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) with immediate stenting provides effective revascularization. While the risks of no-reflow, stent thrombosis, stent undersizing, and malapposition reduced the benefits in patients with high burden thrombosis. Intravascular imaging, especially optical coherence tomography (OCT), offers potential in optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 51-year-old male underwent coronary angiography (CAG) due to chest pain with minimal ST-segment depression of the electrocardiogram. DIAGNOSES: Urgent CAG revealed burden thrombus in the mid left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) with TIMI grade I distal flow. INTERVENTIONS: After aspiration thrombectomy, OCT was used to evaluate the target lesion of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and conservative treatment without stent implantation was selected. OUTCOMES: CAG repeated 1 month after PPCI revealed TIMI grade III blood flow in LAD and only minimal stenosis in the target lesion. OCT showed a cavity formation due to plaque rupture and MLA increased after thrombus dissolution. Follow-up was uneventful at 6 months. LESSONS: OCT may be useful imaging modality to identify the characteristic of culprit lesion of acute myocardial infarction and subsequently guide individual treatment.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações , Ruptura Espontânea/complicações , Trombectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30130142

RESUMO

Costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone are the main active ingredients of Radix Aucklandiae (RA). An accurate and sensitive LC-MS/MS method was established to simultaneously determine contents of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone in plasma. There were significant differences in pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC0-t, Cmax,1, Cmax,2, Tmax,1, Vd, and CL) of costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone between RA group and costunolide group or dehydrocostuslactone group. The relative bioavailability of costunolide or dehydrocostuslactone of RA extract was improved. As compared to normal group, the Tmax,2 values of dehydrocostuslactone of RA in gastric ulcer group were prolonged, while the Cmax,1, Cmax,2, and AUC0-t values decreased.

17.
Parasit Vectors ; 11(1): 311, 2018 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29792228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The larval stages of the tapeworms Echinocoocus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis are the causative agents of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) and human alveolar echinococcosis (AE), respectively. Both CE and AE are chronic diseases characterised by long asymptomatic periods of many years. However, early diagnosis of the disease is important if treatment and management of echinococcosis patients are to be successful. METHODS: A previously developed rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for the differential detection of CE and AE was evaluated under field conditions with finger prick blood samples taken from 1502 people living in the Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, China, a region with a high prevalence for both forms of human echinococcosis. The results were compared with simultaneously obtained abdominal ultrasonographic scans of the individuals. RESULTS: Using the ultrasonography as the gold standard, sensitivity and specificity, and the diagnostic accuracy of the RDT were determined to be greater than 94% for both CE and AE. For CE cases, high detection rates (95.6-98.8%) were found with patients having active cysts while lower detection rates (40.0-68.8%) were obtained with patients having transient or inactive cysts. In contrast, detection rates in AE patients were independent of the lesion type. The positive likelihood ratio of the RDT for CE and AE was greater than 20 and thus fairly high, indicating that a patient with a positive test result has a high probability of having echinococcosis. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that our previously developed RDT is suitable as a screening tool for the early detection of human echinococcosis in endemic areas.


Assuntos
Cromatografia de Afinidade/métodos , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Equinococose/diagnóstico , Echinococcus granulosus/isolamento & purificação , Echinococcus multilocularis/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Equinococose/parasitologia , Echinococcus granulosus/fisiologia , Echinococcus multilocularis/fisiologia , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tibet
18.
Int J Mol Med ; 42(1): 461-470, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29693173

RESUMO

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is essential for the progression of non-invasive tumor cells into malignancy and metastasis. We found that miR-214 was increased in lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) and positively associated with metastasis, which was mediated by EMT. However, the mechanism whereby the overexpression of microRNAs (miRNAs), such as miR-214, promote EMT in LAD remains unclear. In this study, we found that TWIST1, an independent prognostic factor for overall survival, was increased in LAD and correlated positively with LAD recurrence and progression. We also found that TWIST1 contributes to the EMT process and metastasis of LAD cells. Most importantly, a positive correlation was found between the expression of miR-214 and TWIST1 in clinical LAD tissue. Additionally, miR-214 expression was decreased and its target gene suppressor of fused homolog (SUFU) was increased in LAD cells in response to the impairment of TWIST1 expression by shRNA. Overall, this study provides the first evidence to show that the high expression of TWIST1 increases the expression of miR-214 to promote the EMT process and metastasis in LAD. These findings contribute to clarify the mechanisms whereby miRNAs regulate the EMT process and implicate a new TWIST1-miR-214 pathway in the control of migration and invasion of LAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Relacionada a Twist/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Relacionada a Twist/genética
19.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 21(1): 48-54, 2018 Jan-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29550846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether computed tomography attention correction (CTAC) has incremental diagnostic value for single photon emission tomography (SPET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Chinese patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study consisted of 181 suspected CAD patients who underwent one-stop SPET examination by MPI combined with a CT scan. Two observers independently evaluated non-attenuation correction (NAC) and CTAC MPI images, and coronary angiography (CAG) results were used as reference standards. The diagnostic efficacies of the two methods were compared. RESULTS: a) In the whole group, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for the detection of CAD were found to be 75.7%, 55.1% and 63.5% for NAC images and 52.7%, 86.9% and 72.9% for CTAC images, respectively; the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) were 0.654 and 0.698 (P>0.05). b) The accuracy of CTAC and the AUC were significantly higher than those for NAC in Chinese males. c) The accuracy of CTAC was also significantly increased for the right coronary artery (RCA) territory and in overweight patients (BMI≥24), although differences in the AUC were marginally insignificant. CONCLUSION: Compared to NAC MPI, CTAC improved SPET MPI specificity but decreased sensitivity, leading to no obvious improvement in overall accuracy for the diagnosis of CAD in Chinese patients. However, CTAC might be of value in the subgroups of males and overweight patients and for the RCA territory. In routine clinical application, the integration of NAC and CTAC findings combined with CAD pre-test probability could improve MPI diagnostic performance.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Biomed Mater ; 13(3): 035004, 2018 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29295968

RESUMO

Artificial cell sheets are commonly utilized as buiding blocks for tissue engineering. We propose a novel approach in the fabrication of Ca-alginate gel sheets, embedded with liver cells (RLC-18) in order to mimic liver lobule tissue. Ca-alginate sheets with hepatic lobule-shaped patterns were deposited onto a micro-electrode device using electrodeposition. Viability of embedded cells was ensured to exceed 80%. Cell morphology and biofunctionality were monitored during the one-week culture period and results compared with those of traditional 2D culture. In addition, we detached cell sheets from the electrode substrate and stacked them into a 3D multi-layered structure to mimic the morphology of liver lobule tissue.

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