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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(80): 10371-10374, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541598

RESUMO

A transformative concept of solid electrochemical corrosion has been put forward, in which solid-state electrolyte LiPON has been applied to replace the liquid one to prelithiate graphite with Li-metal. Thus, high prelithiation efficiency and low polarization of the treated anode can be obtained, with a unique mosaic structure left at the surface.

2.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(9): 2004448, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977067

RESUMO

Electrochemical irreversibility and sluggish mobility of Na+ in the cathode materials result in poor cycle stability and rate capability for sodium-ion batteries. Herein, a new strategy of introducing Mg ions into the hinging sites of Mn-based tunnel-structured cathode material is designed. Highly reversible electrochemical reaction and phase transition in this cathode are realized. The resulted Na0.44Mn0.95Mg0.05O2 with Mg2+ in the hinging Mn-O5 square pyramidal exhibits promising cycle stability and rate capability. At a current density of 2 C, 67% of the initial discharge capacity is retained after 800 cycles (70% at 20 C), much improved than the undoped Na0.44MnO2. The improvement is attribute to the enhanced Na+ diffusion kinetics and the lowered desodiation energy after Mg doping. Highly reversible charge compensation and structure evolution are proved by synchrotron-based X-ray techniques. Differential charge density and atom population analysis of the average electron number of Mn indicate that Na0.44Mn0.95Mg0.05O2 is more electron-abundant in Mn 3d orbits near the Fermi level than that in Na0.44MnO2, leading to higher redox participation of Mn ions.

3.
Adv Mater ; 33(13): e2008194, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645858

RESUMO

Oxygen-redox of layer-structured metal-oxide cathodes has drawn great attention as an effective approach to break through the bottleneck of their capacity limit. However, reversible oxygen-redox can only be obtained in the high-voltage region (usually over 3.5 V) in current metal-oxide cathodes. Here, we realize reversible oxygen-redox in a wide voltage range of 1.5-4.5 V in a P2-layered Na0.7 Mg0.2 [Fe0.2 Mn0.6 □0.2 ]O2 cathode material, where intrinsic vacancies are located in transition-metal (TM) sites and Mg-ions are located in Na sites. Mg-ions in the Na layer serve as "pillars" to stabilize the layered structure during electrochemical cycling, especially in the high-voltage region. Intrinsic vacancies in the TM layer create the local configurations of "□-O-□", "Na-O-□" and "Mg-O-□" to trigger oxygen-redox in the whole voltage range of charge-discharge. Time-resolved techniques demonstrate that the P2 phase is well maintained in a wide potential window range of 1.5-4.5 V even at 10 C. It is revealed that charge compensation from Mn- and O-ions contributes to the whole voltage range of 1.5-4.5 V, while the redox of Fe-ions only contributes to the high-voltage region of 3.0-4.5 V. The orphaned electrons in the nonbonding 2p orbitals of O that point toward TM-vacancy sites are responsible for reversible oxygen-redox, and Mg-ions in Na sites suppress oxygen release effectively.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(2): 2354-2361, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850733

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have been regarded as a promising candidate of secondary batteries to satisfy the enormous demand for electric vehicles and energy storage applications. However, Li-S batteries still suffer from severe capacity fading due to the shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides. Here, we develop a freestanding double-layer MoO3/carbon nanotube@S (FMC@S) membrane by hydrothermal and suction filtration strategy, without polymer binder and current collector substrate. FMC@S contains a polysulfide blocking layer and an active material layer. Except for S content, the two layers have the same components and are integrated together, so there is no distinct interface between the two layers, which can facilitate ion and electron transport. As a result, the FMC@S cathode delivers promising capacity retention and rate capability. The hierarchical integrated design provides a new strategy to develop high-performance flexible cathodes for Li-S batteries.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(26): 23213-23221, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184473

RESUMO

LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA) has been proven to be a good cathode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), especially in electric vehicle applications. However, further elevating energy density of NCA is very challenging. Increasing the charging voltage of NCA is an effective method, but its structural instability remains a problem. In this work, we revealed that titanium substitution could improve cycle stability of NCA under high cutoff voltage significantly. Titanium ions with a relatively larger ion radius could modify the oxygen lattice and change the local coordination environment of NCA, leading to decreased cation migration, better kinetic and thermodynamic properties, and improved structural stability. As a result, the Ti-substituted NCA cathode exhibits impressive reversible capacity (198 mA h g-1 at 0.1C) with considerable cycle stability under a cutoff voltage up to 4.7 V. It is also revealed that Ti could suppress oxygen release in the high-voltage region, benefitting cycle and thermal stabilities. This work provides valuable insight into the design of high-voltage layered cathode materials for high-energy-density LIBs.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(2): 840-848, 2019 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30562030

RESUMO

Most P2-type layered oxides suffer from multiple voltage plateaus, due to Na+/vacancy-order superstructures caused by strong interplay between Na-Na electrostatic interactions and charge ordering in the transition metal layers. Here, Mg ions are successfully introduced into Na sites in addition to the conventional transition metal sites in P2-type Na0.7[Mn0.6Ni0.4]O2 as new cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries. Mg ions in the Na layer serve as "pillars" to stabilize the layered structure, especially for high-voltage charging, meanwhile Mg ions in the transition metal layer can destroy charge ordering. More importantly, Mg ion occupation in both sodium and transition metal layers will be able to create "Na-O-Mg" and "Mg-O-Mg" configurations in layered structures, resulting in ionic O 2p character, which allocates these O 2p states on top of those interacting with transition metals in the O-valence band, thus promoting reversible oxygen redox. This innovative design contributes smooth voltage profiles and high structural stability. Na0.7Mg0.05[Mn0.6Ni0.2Mg0.15]O2 exhibits superior electrochemical performance, especially good capacity retention at high current rate under a high cutoff voltage (4.2 V). A new P2 phase is formed after charge, rather than an O2 phase for the unsubstituted material. Besides, multiple intermediate phases are observed during high-rate charging. Na-ion transport kinetics are mainly affected by elemental-related redox couples and structural reorganization. These findings will open new opportunities for designing and optimizing layer-structured cathodes for sodium-ion batteries.

7.
Nanoscale ; 10(40): 19195-19202, 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30303217

RESUMO

Si/C composites are considered as the most promising anode materials for next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to their high specific capacity and low cost. However, the commercialized Si/C composites cannot maintain a Si content over 10 wt% for sustaining an acceptable cycle life. To achieve long-term cycle stability for Si/C composites with high Si content is still very challenging. Here, we report a rationally designed double-morphology Si/graphene (DMSiG) composite with a high Si content of 78 wt%, and prove its feasibility as a high performance anode material for LIBs. DMSiG composes of Si quantum-dot decorated graphene and mesoporous Si spheres with a complementary hierarchical structure. The graphene framework enhances the electronic conductivity, alleviates the aggregation of mesoporous Si spheres and provides space and flexibility to buffer the volume change during cycling. Mesoporous Si spheres contribute to a large reversible capacity and support the hierarchical architecture of DMSiG. The Si quantum-dots help to build firm connections between graphene and mesoporous Si spheres to avoid their separation during cycling. Coupling these features together, the DMSiG anode delivers a high reversible capacity of 1318 mA h g-1 at a current density of 500 mA g-1 and 684 mA h g-1 at 2000 mA g-1.

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