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1.
J Prev Med Public Health ; 48(5): 231-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26429289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to analyze the factors that could affect the health-promoting behaviors of North Korean adolescent refugees residing in South Korea. METHODS: Questions about their sociodemographic variables, subjective health status, healthy living habits, and health-promoting behaviors were asked. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found in religion (t=2.30, p<0.05), having family members in South Korea (t=2.02, p<0.05), and subjective health status (t=4.96, p<0.01). Scores on health-responsible behaviors were higher with higher age (t=2.90, p<0.01) and for subjects without family or friends (t=2.43, p<0.05). Higher physical-activity behaviors were observed in males (t=3.32, p<0.01), in those with better subjective health status (t=3.46, p<0.05) and lower body mas index (t=3.48, p<0.05), and in smokers (t=3.17, p<0.01). Nutritional behaviors were higher in those who followed a religion (t=2.17, p<0.05). Spiritual growth behaviors were higher in those who followed a religion (t=4.21, p<0.001), had no family in South Korea (t=2.04, p<0.05), and had higher subjective health status (t=5.74, p<0.01). Scores on interpersonal relationships and stress-management behaviors were higher for those with higher subjective health status. A multiple regression analysis showed greater effects on health-promoting behaviors when subjective health status was better. Older people and non-smokers exhibited more health-responsible behaviors, while more physical-activity behaviors and spiritual growth activities were observed when subjective health status was better. Interpersonal relationship behaviors had positive effects on those with good subjective heath status and on non-smokers. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of the current study, an alternative was suggested for promoting health in North Korean adolescent refugees.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Refugiados/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , República Democrática Popular da Coreia , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 3(3): 572-580, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26137269

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression in breast cancer tissue and mammographic density and the clinical significance of IGF-1R overexpression. A total of 167 patients with primary invasive breast cancer were analyzed. Mammographic breast density and IGF-1R overexpression were correlated with clinicopathological parameters and analyzed by overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Increased breast tissue density was significantly associated with age, body mass index, menopausal status, histological grade and IGF-1R overexpression in the univariate analysis and with age (P=0.001), histological grade (P=0.045) and IGF-1R overexpression (P=0.021) in the multivariate analysis. IGF-1R overexpression was significantly associated with dense breast tissue in patients aged >40 years (P=0.002). IGF-1R overexpression in breast cancer in premenopausal women was associated with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) positivity (P=0.016) and worse DFS (P=0.0414). There was no significant difference in OS and DFS between dense and non-dense breast tissue. IGF-1R expression in breast cancer tissue was significantly associated with mammographic breast tissue density in patients aged >40 years. It appears that IGF-1R expression in breast cancer tissue plays an important role in breast cancer in patients with dense breast tissue. In premenopausal women, IGF-1R overexpression in breast cancer tissue was significantly associated with HER-2 positivity and poor DFS.

3.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 86(5): 278-82, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24851231

RESUMO

Minimally invasive surgery is being widely accepted in various fields of surgery. Although several appendectomy techniques have been reported but, there is no standardization. We report here the experiences of transumbilical endoscopic appendectomy in humans. Between July 2008 and September 2010, ten patients with appendicitis successfully underwent transumbilical endoscopic appendectomies. There were 7 cases of suppurative, 2 cases of gangrenous and 1 case of perforated in operative findings. The ages of the patients were 13-56 years (mean age, 32.7 ± 15.4 years). Under general anesthesia, a 15-mm port was inserted through the umbilicus and then a two-channel endoscope was inserted in the peritoneal cavity. After appendix identification, counter-traction of the appendix with a direct abdominal wall puncture using a straight round needle prolene was performed to achieve good visualization of the operative field. Tissue dissection was performed using an endoscopic needle knife. Tissue grasping and resected appendix retrieval were done with endoscopic forceps. The average operation time was 79.5 ± 23.6 minutes (range, 45 to 110 minutes). No procedures were converted to laparoscopic or open appendectomy. Hospital stay was 4-6 days. All patients completely recovered without complications. As it is highly maneuverable, we believe transumbilical endoscopic appendectomy can be a feasible method. And, as surgeons want to proceed from laparoscopic surgery to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, this procedure could be a triable method.

4.
Korean J Physiol Pharmacol ; 16(5): 297-303, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23118553

RESUMO

This study was designed to elucidate high K(+)-induced relaxation in the human gastric fundus. Circular smooth muscle from the human gastric fundus greater curvature showed stretch-dependent high K(+) (50 mM)-induced contractions. However, longitudinal smooth muscle produced stretch-dependent high K(+)-induced relaxation. We investigated several relaxation mechanisms to understand the reason for the discrepancy. Protein kinase inhibitors such as KT 5823 (1 µM) and KT 5720 (1 µM) which block protein kinases (PKG and PKA) had no effect on high K(+)-induced relaxation. K(+) channel blockers except 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), a voltage-dependent K(+) channel (K(V)) blocker, did not affect high K(+)-induced relaxation. However, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine and 1H-(1,2,4)oxadiazolo (4,3-A)quinoxalin-1-one, an inhibitors of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) and 4-AP inhibited relaxation and reversed relaxation to contraction. High K(+)-induced relaxation of the human gastric fundus was observed only in the longitudinal muscles from the greater curvature. These data suggest that the longitudinal muscle of the human gastric fundus greater curvature produced high K(+)-induced relaxation that was activated by the nitric oxide/sGC pathway through a K(V) channel-dependent mechanism.

5.
J Breast Cancer ; 15(2): 248-51, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22807945

RESUMO

Synchronous bilateral breast cancer is extremely rare in men and has not, up to date, been reported in Korea. A 54-year-old man presented with a palpable mass in the right breast. The right nipple was retracted and bilateral axillary accessory breasts and nipples were present. On physical examination, a 2 cm-sized mass was palpated directly under the right nipple, and, with squeezing, bloody discharge developed in a single duct of the left nipple. There was no palpable mass in the left breast, and axillary lymph nodes were not palpable. Physical examination of external genitalia revealed a unilateral undescended testis on the left side. Synchronous bilateral breast cancer was diagnosed using mammography, ultrasonography, and core-needle biopsy. Histopathological examination revealed invasive ductal carcinoma in the right breast and ductal carcinoma in situ in the left breast. Bilateral total mastectomy, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and excision of accessory breasts in the axilla were performed.

6.
Cancer Res Treat ; 44(4): 271-4, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23341792

RESUMO

Neuroendocrine carcinomas from an unknown primary site are uncommon. The authors report on a case of neuroendocrine carcinoma in a perigastric lymph node (LN) with no primary site. A 52-year-old male patient with early gastric adenocarcinoma underwent treatment by endoscopic submucosal dissection, and, six months later, findings on a computed tomographic scan of the abdomen revealed a LN enlargement measuring 2.0 cm in the perigastric region. The patient underwent subtotal gastrectomy and regional LN dissection under a suggestive preoperative diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma with LN metastasis. However, microscopically, no residual tumor was found in the stomach, and the perigastric LN showed poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (PDNEC). After an extensive workup, no primary site was identified. The patient also received four cycles of etoposide and cisplatin. Despite its extremely rare incidence, this case suggests that PDNEC of an unknown primary site is limited to a single site, and that resection should be considered in combination with chemotherapy.

7.
J Breast Cancer ; 14(1): 72-5, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21847399

RESUMO

Microglandular adenosis (MGA) of the breast is a very rare and benign proliferative lesion. Most patients complain of a palpable breast mass that may arouse a clinical suspicion of breast cancer. Histopathologically, it is hard to distinguish MGA from breast cancer because of the lack of a myoepithelial layer and infiltrative proliferation. Several studies have reported a strong relationship between MGA and carcinoma arising in MGA, so the mass should be excised completely in cases of MGA determined from a core needle biopsy rather than observation. A 72-years-old woman presented with a palpable breast mass. On physical examination, a mass was palpable in the right upper outer quadrant area and somewhat fixed to the surrounding tissues and pectoralis major muscle. We could not detect any mass or dense lesion on mammography because of a grade 4 dense breast. Ultrasonographic findings revealed a low echoic lesion with indistinct margins. The result of a core needle biopsy was MGA, which was confirmed by excision. We report one case of MGA, which was believed to breast cancer clinically.

8.
Korean J Physiol Pharmacol ; 15(6): 405-13, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22359479

RESUMO

This study was designed to elucidate high-K(+)induced response of circular and longitudinal smooth muscle from human gastric corpus using isometric contraction. Contraction from circular and longitudinal muscle stripes of gastric corpus greater curvature and lesser curvature were compared. Circular smooth muscle from corpus greater curvature showed high K(+) (50 mM)-induced tonic contraction. On the contrary, however, longitudinal smooth muscle strips showed high K(+) (50 mM)-induced sustained relaxation. To find out the reason for the discrepancy we tested several relaxation mechanisms. Protein kinase blockers like KT5720, PKA inhibitor, and KT5823, PKG inhibitor, did not affect high K(+)-induced relaxation. K(+) channel blockers like tetraethylammonium (TEA), apamin (APA), glibenclamide (Glib) and barium (Ba(2+)) also had no effect. However, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) and 1H-(1,2,4) oxadiazolo (4,3-A) quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) and 4-AP (4-aminopyridine), voltage-dependent K(+) channel (K(V)) blocker, inhibited high K(+)-induced relaxation, hence reversing to tonic contraction. High K(+)-induced relaxation was observed in gastric corpus of human stomach, but only in the longitudinal muscles from greater curvature not lesser curvature. L-NNA, ODQ and K(V) channel blocker sensitive high K(+)-induced relaxation in longitudinal muscle of higher portion of corpus was also observed. These results suggest that longitudinal smooth muscle from greater curvature of gastric corpus produced high K(+)-induced relaxation which was activated by NO/sGC pathway and by K(V) channel dependent mechanism.

9.
Mod Pathol ; 19(5): 675-83, 2006 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16528374

RESUMO

The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in foregut development, and its activity is increased in various tumors, including those of the digestive tract. Our objective in the present study was to determine the pattern and extent of Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression in gastric cancer and related lesions as well as the methylation status of its promoter region, in an attempt to clarify the regulatory mechanism of Shh expression. A total of 237 gastric cancers and related lesions (89 carcinomas, 22 high-grade dysplasia, 21 low-grade dysplasia, 47 intestinal metaplasia, 38 chronic gastritis, and 20 normal epithelia) were subjected to immunohistochemical analysis with the Shh monoclonal antibody. The methylation status of Shh was determined by methylation-specific PCR (MS PCR), involving bisulfate treatment of DNA from 150 tissues followed by amplification using specific primer pairs designed by our group. Shh was completely absent in the upper part of normal gastric epithelia (gastric pit cells), and no significant differences were observed among the lower parts of normal epithelia, chronic gastritis, and intestinal metaplasia. However, Shh expression was significantly elevated in neoplastic lesions, such as carcinoma and high low-grade dysplasia, compared to non-neoplastic lesions. In carcinomas, Shh expression was associated with clinical stage, direct tumor invasion, and differentiation of tumor cells. Methylation of the Shh promoter region was frequent in normal gastric pit cells (11/18, 61.1%), but very rare in gastritis (0/18), intestinal metaplasia (0/19), dysplasia (0/10), and carcinoma (1/63, 1.6%), and correlated significantly with expression (P<0.001). Our results suggested that the increased and constitutive Shh expression is implicated in gastric carcinogenesis, and that promoter methylation may be an important regulatory mechanism of Shh expression.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Transativadores/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Proteínas Hedgehog , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/genética , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/metabolismo , Estômago/química , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética
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