Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 53
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Anim Biosci ; 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35507843

RESUMO

Objective: The quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is the most accurate and reliable technique for analysis of gene expression. Endogenous reference genes (RGs) have been used to normalize qPCR data, although their expression may vary in different tissues and experimental conditions. Therefore, verification of the stability of RGs in selected samples is a prerequisite for reliable results. Therefore, we attempted to identify the most stable RGs in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis in sows. Methods: The cycle threshold values of nine commonly used RGs (18S, HPRT1, GAPDH, RPL4, PPIA, B2M, YWHAZ, ACTB, and SDHA) from HPG axis-related tissues in the domestic sows in the different stages of estrus cycle were analyzed using two RG-finding programs, geNorm and Normfinder, to rank the stability of the pool of RGs. In addition, the effect of the most and least stable RGs was examined by normalization of the target gene, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), in the hypothalamus. Results: PPIA, HPRT1, and YWHAZ were the most stable RGs in the HPG axis-related tissues in sows regardless of the stages of estrus cycle. In contrast, traditional RGs, including 18S and ACTB, were found to be the least stable under these experimental conditions. In particular, in the normalization of GnRH expression in the hypothalamus against several stable RGs, PPIA, HPRT1, and YWHAZ, could generate significant (P < 0.05) elevation of GnRH in the preovulatory phase compared to the luteal phase, but the traditional RGs with the least stability (18S and ACTB) did not show a significant difference between groups. Conclusion: s: These results indicate the importance of verifying RG stability prior to commencing research and may contribute to experimental design in the field of animal reproductive physiology as reference data.

2.
Theranostics ; 12(5): 2351-2369, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35265214

RESUMO

Rationale: While some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are reported to induce hepatic steatosis, the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. This study presented the mechanism by which NSAIDs induce hepatic lipid accumulation. Methods: Mouse primary hepatocytes and HepG2 cells were used to examine the underlying mechanism of NSAID-induced hepatic steatosis. Lipid accumulation was measured using Nile-red assay and BODIPY 493/503. The activity of chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) was determined by western blotting, qRT-PCR, and confocal imaging. The effect of NSAID on CMA inhibition was evaluated in vivo using diclofenac and CMA activator (AR7) administered mice. Results: All tested NSAIDs in this study accumulated neutral lipids in hepatocytes, diclofenac having demonstrated the most potency in that regard. Diclofenac-induced lipid accumulation was confirmed in both mouse primary hepatocytes and the liver of mice. NSAIDs inhibited CMA, as reflected by the decreased expression of lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 2 isoform A (LAMP2A) protein, the increased expression of CMA substrate proteins such as PLIN2, and the decreased activity of photoactivatable KFERQ-PAmCherry reporter. Reactivation of CMA by treatment with AR7 or overexpression of LAMP2A inhibited diclofenac-induced lipid accumulation and hepatotoxicity. Upregulation of sorting nexin 10 (SNX10) via the CHOP-dependent endoplasmic reticulum stress response and thus maturation of cathepsin A (CTSA) was shown to be responsible for the lysosomal degradation of LAMP2A by diclofenac. Conclusion: We demonstrated that NSAIDs induced SNX10- and CTSA-dependent degradation of LAMP2A, thereby leading to the suppression of CMA. In turn, impaired CMA failed to degrade PLIN2 and disrupted cellular lipid homeostasis, thus leading to NSAID-induced steatosis and hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Autofagia Mediada por Chaperonas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Fígado Gorduroso , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/metabolismo , Autofagia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Diclofenaco/efeitos adversos , Diclofenaco/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Nexinas de Classificação/metabolismo
3.
Amino Acids ; 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35212811

RESUMO

Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2) converts serine into glycine in the mitochondrial matrix, transferring a methyl group to tetrahydrofolate. SHMT2 plays an important role in the maintenance of one-carbon metabolism. Previously, we found a negative correlation between the serine concentration and the progression of fatty liver disease (FLD). However, little is known about the role of SHMT2 in hepatic lipid metabolism. We established SHMT2 knockdown (KD) mouse primary hepatocytes using RNA interference to investigate the role of SHMT2 in lipid metabolism. SHMT2 KD hepatocytes showed decreased lipid accumulation with reduced glycine levels compared to the scramble cells, which was restored upon reintroducing SHMT2. SHMT2 KD hepatocytes showed downregulation of the mTOR/PPARÉ£ pathway with decreased gene expression related to lipogenesis and fatty acid uptake. Pharmacological activation of mTOR or PPARÉ£ overexpression blocked the inhibitory effect of SHMT2 KD on lipid accumulation. We also showed that glycine activated mTOR/PPARÉ£ signaling and identified glycine as a mediator of SHMT2-responsive lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. In conclusion, silencing SHMT2 in hepatocytes ameliorates lipid accumulation via the glycine-mediated mTOR/PPARÉ£ pathway. Our findings underscore the possibility of SHMT2 as a therapeutic target of FLD.

4.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(1): e0161421, 2022 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35171037

RESUMO

The antigen-based rapid diagnostic test (Ag-RDT) using saliva specimens is fast, noninvasive, and suitable for SARS-CoV-2 self-testing, unlike nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) testing. We evaluated a novel Beanguard gargle (BG)-based virus collection method that can be applied to Ag-RDT as an alternative to the current RT-PCR with an NPS for early diagnosis of COVID-19. This clinical trial comprised 102 COVID-19-positive patients hospitalized after a governmental screening process and 100 healthy individuals. Paired NPS and BG-based saliva specimens from COVID-19 patients and healthy individuals were analyzed using NPS-RT-PCR, BG-RT-PCR, and BG-Ag-RDTs, whose diagnostic performance for detecting SARS-CoV-2 was compared. BG-Ag-RDTs showed high sensitivity (97.8%) and specificity (100%) in 45 patients within 6 days of illness and detected all cases of SARS-CoV-2 Alpha and Delta variants. In 11 asymptomatic active COVID-19 cases, both BG-Ag-RDTs and BG-RT-PCR showed sensitivities and specificities of 100%. Sensitivities of BG-Ag-RDT and BG-RT-PCR toward salivary viral detection were highly concordant, with no discrimination between symptomatic (97.0%), asymptomatic (100%), or SARS-CoV-2 variant (100%) cases. The intermolecular interactions between SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins and truncated canavalin, an active ingredient from the bean extract (BE), were observed in terms of physicochemical properties. The detachment of the SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain from hACE2 increased as the BE concentration increased, allowing the release of the virus from hACE2 for early diagnosis. Using BG-based saliva specimens remarkably enhances the Ag-RDT diagnostic performance as an alternative to NPS and enables noninvasive, rapid, and accurate COVID-19 self-testing and mass screening, supporting efficient COVID-19 management. IMPORTANCE An Ag-RDT is less likely to be accepted as an initial test method for early diagnosis owing to its low sensitivity. However, our self-collection method, Ag-RDT using BG-based saliva specimens, showed significantly enhanced detection sensitivity and specificity toward SARS-CoV-2 including the Alpha and Delta variants in all patients tested within 6 days of illness. The method represents an attractive alternative to nasopharyngeal swabs for the early diagnosis of symptomatic and asymptomatic COVID-19 cases. The evidence suggests that the method could have a potential for mass screening and monitoring of COVID-19 cases.


Assuntos
Teste Sorológico para COVID-19/métodos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Saliva/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/virologia , Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19 , Teste Sorológico para COVID-19/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nasofaringe/virologia , República da Coreia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
5.
Environ Microbiol ; 2022 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35191581

RESUMO

The omics-based studies are important for identifying characteristic proteins in plants to elucidate the mechanism of ACC deaminase producing bacteria-mediated salt tolerance. This study evaluates the changes in the proteome of rice inoculated with ACC deaminase producing bacteria under salt-stress conditions. Salt stress resulted in a significant decrease in photosynthetic pigments, whereas inoculation of Methylobacterium oryzae CBMB20 had significantly increased pigment contents under normal and salt-stress conditions. A total of 76, 51 and 33 differentially abundant proteins (DAPs) were identified in non-inoculated salt-stressed plants, bacteria-inoculated plants under normal and salt stress conditions respectively. The abundances of proteins responsible for ethylene emission and programmed cell death were increased, and that of photosynthesis-related proteins were decreased in non-inoculated plants under salt stress. However, bacteria-inoculated plants had shown higher abundance of antioxidant proteins, RuBisCo and ribosomal proteins that are important for enhancing stress tolerance and improving plant physiological traits. Collectively, salt stress might affect plant physiological traits by impairing photosynthetic machinery and accelerating apoptosis leading to a decline in biomass. However, inoculation of plants with bacteria can assist in enhancing photosynthetic activity, antioxidant activities and ethylene regulation related proteins for attenuating salt-induced apoptosis and sustaining growth and development.

6.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(2): 663-673, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34971409

RESUMO

For the efficient production of heterologous proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we screened for a novel fusion partner from the yeast secretome. From twenty major proteins identified from the yeast secretome, we selected Scw4p, a cell wall protein with similarity to glucanase, and modified to develop a general fusion partner for the secretory expression of heterologous proteins in yeast. The optimal size of the SCW4 gene to act as an efficient fusion partner was determined by C-terminal truncation analysis; two of the variants, S1 (truncated at codon 115Q) and S2 (truncated at codon 142E), were further used for the secretion of heterologous proteins. When fused with S2, the secretion of three target proteins (hGH, exendin-4, and hPTH) significantly increased. Conserved O-glycosylation sites (Ser/Thr-rich domain) and hydrophilic sequences of S2 were deemed important for the function of S2 as a secretion fusion partner. Approximately 5 g/L of the S2-exendin-4 fusion protein was obtained from fed-batch fermentation. Intact target proteins were easily purified by affinity chromatography after in vitro processing of the fusion partner. This system may be of general application for the secretory production of heterologous proteins in S. cerevisiae. KEY POINTS : • Target proteins were efficiently secreted with their N-terminus fused to Scw4p. • O-glycosylation and hydrophilic stretches in Scw4p were important for protein secretion. • A variant of Scw4p (S2) was successfully applied for the secretory expression of heterologous proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
8.
Data Brief ; 38: 107402, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621931

RESUMO

Streptococcus equi subspecies equi (S. equi) is an opportunistic pathogen and a major causative agent of equine strangles, a contagious respiratory infection in horses and other equines. In this study, we provide the dataset associated with our research publication "Streptococcus equi-derived extracellular vesicles as a vaccine candidate against Streptococcus equi infections" [1]. We describe the genomic differences between S. equi 4047 and S. equi ATCC 39506 and outline the comprehensive proteome information of various fractions, including the whole cell lysate, membrane proteome, secretory proteome, and extracellular vesicle proteome. In addition, we included a dataset of highly immunoreactive proteins identified through immunoprecipitation. The specifications table provides a detailed summary of the gene annotation and quantitative information obtained for each proteome. The proteomics data were analyzed using shotgun proteomics with LTQ Velos and Q Exactive mass spectrometry in the data-dependent acquisition mode. We have deposited the acquired data, including the mass spectrometry raw files and exported MASCOT search results, in the PRIDE public repository under the accession numbers PXD025152 and PXD025527.

9.
Viruses ; 13(9)2021 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578429

RESUMO

Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen, which is a problem worldwide due to the emergence of a difficult-to-treat multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MDRAB). Endolysins are hydrolytic enzymes produced by a bacteriophage that can be used as a potential therapeutic agent for multidrug-resistant bacterial infection in replacing antibiotics. Here, we isolated a novel bacteriophage through prophage induction using mitomycin C from clinical A. baumannii 1656-2. Morphologically, ΦAb1656-2 was identified as a Siphoviridae family bacteriophage, which can infect MDRAB. The whole genome of ΦAb1656-2 was sequenced, and it showed that it is 50.9 kb with a G + C content of 38.6% and 68 putative open reading frames (ORFs). A novel endolysin named AbEndolysin with an N-acetylmuramidase-containing catalytic domain was identified, expressed, and purified from ΦAb1656-2. Recombinant AbEndolysin showed significant antibacterial activity against MDRAB clinical strains without any outer membrane permeabilizer. These results suggest that AbEndolysin could represent a potential antimicrobial agent for treating MDRAB clinical isolates.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Acinetobacter baumannii/virologia , Endopeptidases/isolamento & purificação , Endopeptidases/farmacologia , Siphoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Siphoviridae/fisiologia , Proteínas Virais/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Virais/farmacologia , Infecções por Acinetobacter/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Domínio Catalítico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Endopeptidases/química , Endopeptidases/genética , Genoma Viral , Humanos , Interações Microbianas , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Siphoviridae/química , Siphoviridae/genética , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 4604856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527737

RESUMO

IFN-γ licensing to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is applied to enhance the therapeutic potential of MSCs. However, although the features of MSCs are affected by several stimuli, little information is available on changes to the therapeutic potential of IFN-γ-licensed differentiated MSCs during xenogeneic applications. Therefore, the present study is aimed at clarifying the effects of adipogenic/osteogenic differentiation and IFN-γ licensing on the in vitro immunomodulatory and migratory properties of porcine bone marrow-derived MSCs in xenogeneic applications using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). IFN-γ licensing in differentiated MSCs lowered lineage-specific gene expression but did not affect MSC-specific cell surface molecules. Although indoleamine 2,3 deoxygenase (IDO) activity and expression were increased after IFN-γ licensing in undifferentiated MSCs, they were reduced after differentiation. IFN-γ licensing to differentiated MSCs elevated the reduced IDO expression in differentiated MSCs; however, the increase was not sufficient to reach to the level achieved by undifferentiated MSCs. During a mixed lymphocyte reaction with quantification of TNF-α concentration, proliferation and activation of xenogeneic PBMCs were suppressed by undifferentiated MSCs but inhibited to a lesser extent by differentiated MSCs. IFN-γ licensing increasingly suppressed proliferation of PBMCs in undifferentiated MSCs but it was incapable of elevating the reduced immunosuppressive ability of differentiated MSCs. Migratory ability through a scratch assay and gene expression study was reduced in differentiated MSCs than their undifferentiated counterparts; IFN-γ licensing was unable to enhance the reduced migratory ability in differentiated MSCs. Similar results were found in a Transwell system with differentiated MSCs in the upper chamber toward xenogeneic PBMCs in the lower chamber, despite IFN-γ licensing increased the migratory ability of undifferentiated MSCs. Overall, IFN-γ licensing did not enhance the reduced immunomodulatory and migratory properties of differentiated MSCs in a xenogeneic application. This study provides a better understanding of the ways in which MSC therapy can be applied.


Assuntos
Interferon gama/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Animais , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Citocinas/metabolismo , Xenoenxertos/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferon gama/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Suínos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Vet Microbiol ; 259: 109165, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225054

RESUMO

Streptococcus equi subspecies equi is a pathogenic bacterium that causes strangles, a highly contagious respiratory infection in horses and other equines. The limitations of current vaccines against S. equi infection warrants the development of an affordable, safe, and effective vaccine. Because gram-positive extracellular vesicles (EVs) transport various immunogenic antigens, they are attractive vaccine candidates. Here, we purified the EVs of S. equi ATCC 39506 and evaluated them as a vaccine candidate against S. equi infection in mice. As an initial step, comparative proteomic analysis was performed to characterize the functional features of the EVs. Reverse vaccinology and knowledge-based annotations were then used to screen potential vaccine candidates (PVCs) for S. equi ATCC 39506. Finally, 32 PVCs were found to be enriched in the EV fraction, suggesting the usefulness of this fraction as a vaccine. Importantly, a significantly higher survival rate after S. equi infection was detected in mice immunized with S. equi-derived EVs via the intraperitoneal route than in mice immunized with heat-killed bacteria. Of note, immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry results validated various immunogenic antigens within the EV proteome. In conclusion, our results suggest that S. equi-derived EVs can serve as a vaccine candidate against S. equi infection.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/imunologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Streptococcus equi/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Bactérias/administração & dosagem , Antígenos de Bactérias/análise , Proteínas de Bactérias/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Bactérias/análise , Vesículas Extracelulares/química , Feminino , Doenças dos Cavalos/microbiologia , Doenças dos Cavalos/prevenção & controle , Cavalos , Imunoprecipitação , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteômica , Infecções Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/administração & dosagem , Vacinação
12.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 596, 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phosphorylation of NF-kappaB inhibitor alpha (IκBα) is key to regulation of NF-κB transcription factor activity in the cell. Several sites of IκBα phosphorylation by members of the IκB kinase family have been identified, but phosphorylation of the protein by other kinases remains poorly understood. We investigated a new phosphorylation site on IκBα and identified its biological function in breast cancer cells. METHODS: Previously, we observed that aurora kinase (AURK) binds IκBα in the cell. To identify the domains of IκBα essential for phosphorylation by AURK, we performed kinase assays with a series of IκBα truncation mutants. AURK significantly promoted activation of IκBα at serine 32 but not serine 36; by contrast, IκB kinase (IKK) family proteins activated both of these residues. We also confirmed phosphorylation of IκBα by matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS) and nano-liquid chromatography hybrid quadrupole orbitrap mass spectrometer (nanoLC-MS/MS; Q-Exactive). RESULTS: We identified two novel sites of serine phosphorylation, S63 and S262. Alanine substitution of S63 and S262 (S63A and S262A) of IκBα inhibited proliferation and suppressed p65 transcription activity. In addition, S63A and/or S262A of IκBα regulated apoptotic and necroptotic effects in breast cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Phosphorylation of IκBα by AURK at novel sites is related to the apoptosis and necroptosis pathways in breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Aurora Quinase C/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Necroptose , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/genética , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/isolamento & purificação , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20685, 2020 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244098

RESUMO

Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of Gram-positive pathogen that causes invasive pneumococcal disease. Nowadays, many S. pneumoniae strains are resistant to commonly used antibiotics such as ß-lactams and macrolides. 3-Acyl-2-phenylamino-1,4-dihydroquinolin-4-one (APDQ) derivatives are known as novel chemicals having anti-pneumococcal activity against S. pneumoniae. The underlying mechanism of the anti-pneumococcal activity of this inhibitor remains unknown. Therefore, we tried to find the anti-pneumococcal mechanism of APDQ230122, one of the APDQ derivatives active against S. pneumoniae. We performed transcriptomic analysis (RNA-Seq) and proteomic analysis (LC-MS/MS analysis) to get differentially expressed genes (DEG) and differentially expressed proteins (DEP) of S. pneumoniae 521 treated with sub-inhibitory concentrations of APDQ230122 and elucidated the comprehensive expression changes of genes and proteins using multi-omics analysis. As a result, genes or proteins of peptidoglycan biosynthesis and DNA replication were significantly down-regulated. Electron microscopy analysis revealed that the structure of peptidoglycan was damaged by APDQ230122 in a chemical concentration-dependent manner. Therefore, we suggest peptidoglycan biosynthesis is a major target of APDQ230122. Multi-omics analysis can provide us useful information to elucidate anti-pneumococcal activity of APDQ230122.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Streptococcus pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus pneumoniae/genética , Replicação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação do DNA/genética , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Peptidoglicano/genética , Proteômica/métodos , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma/genética
14.
Virulence ; 11(1): 995-1005, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799627

RESUMO

BURKHOLDERIA CEPACIA: is an opportunistic pathogen that infects patients with debilitating underlying diseases. This study investigated the production of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) by B. cepacia cultured with sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibiotics and examined their pathogenic roles both in vitro and in vivo. B. cepacia ATCC 25416 produced more OMVs under antibiotic stress conditions than controls. OMVs isolated from B. cepacia cultured in Luria-Bertani (LB) broth (OMVs/LB) induced cytotoxicity and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes in A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Host cell cytotoxicity and pro-inflammatory responses were significantly higher in A549 cells treated with B. cepacia OMVs cultured with 1/4 MIC of ceftazidime (OMVs/CAZ) than in the cells treated with OMVs/LB, OMVs cultured with 1/4 MIC of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (OMVs/SXT), or OMVs cultured with 1/4 MIC of meropenem. Intratracheal injection of B. cepacia OMVs also induced histopathology in vivo in mouse lungs. Expressions of IL-1ß and TNF-α genes were significantly up-regulatedin the lungs of mice treated with OMVs/CAZ compared to mice administered other OMVs; the expression of the GRO-α gene, however, was significantly up-regulated in OMVs/SXT. In conclusion, OMVs produced by B. cepacia under different antibiotic stress conditions induce different host responses that may contribute to the pathogenesis of B. cepacia.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Burkholderia cepacia/efeitos dos fármacos , Burkholderia cepacia/patogenicidade , Ceftazidima/farmacologia , Inflamação , Vesículas Secretórias/efeitos dos fármacos , Células A549 , Animais , Membrana Externa Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Externa Bacteriana/imunologia , Burkholderia cepacia/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Vesículas Secretórias/imunologia
15.
ACS Omega ; 5(11): 5713-5720, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226849

RESUMO

We analyzed the extracellular proteome of colistin-resistant Korean Acinetobacter baumannii (KAB) strains to identify proteome profiles that can be used to characterize extensively drug-resistant KAB strains. Four colistin-resistant KAB strains with colistin resistance associated with point mutations in pmrB and pmrC genes were analyzed. Analysis of the extracellular proteome of these strains revealed the presence of 506 induced common proteins, which were hence considered as the core extracellular proteome. Class C ADC-30 and class D OXA-23 ß-lactamases were abundantly induced in these strains. Porins (CarO and CarO-like porin), outer membrane proteins (OmpH and BamABDE), transport protein (AdeK), receptor (TonB), and several proteins of unknown function were among the specifically induced proteins. Based on the sequence homology analysis of proteins from the core proteome and those of other A. baumannii strains and pathogenic bacterial species as well as further in silico screening, we propose that CarO-like porin is an A. baumannii-specific protein and that two tryptic peptides that originate from CarO-like porin detected by tandem mass spectrometry are peptide makers of this protein.

16.
J Cancer ; 11(9): 2442-2452, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201515

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a malignant disease with improved hepatic regeneration and survival, and is activated by human telomere transferase (hTERT). hTERT is expressed during early fetal development and switched off in most adult tissues, but it becomes reactivated in HCC. The exact mechanism regulating these expression changes remains unknown during HCC progress. We evaluated the relationship between hTERT expression and human kruppel-related 3 (HKR3) and cell cycle-related factors in HCC cell lines. Following transfection for hTERT knockdown and HKR3 overexpression, proteomic and transcriptomic analyses related to hTERT were performed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and RNA sequencing (RNAseq) in HCC cell lines. The expression levels of hTERT, HKR3, and cell cycle-related factors were measured using western blotting, and tumor growth were evaluated via cell proliferation and cell cycle assays. Transcriptomic and proteomic analyses showed that HKR3, hTERT and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A) were correlated. Up-regulation of HKR3 expression decreased hTERT and cyclin activation and suppressed the G1/S phase of the cell cycle through CDKN2A activation. Our results suggest that HKR3 induced regulation of cell cycle through hTERT inhibition and CDKN2A activation. Our results will facilitate further exploration of the pathways regulating human telomerase activity in HCC cell lines.

17.
Pharmacol Res ; 152: 104600, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838081

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease in the world. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of DN via multifactorial mechanisms including the generation of oxidative stress and overproduction of various growth factors and cytokines. AGEs are heterogeneous cross-linked sugar-derived proteins, and Nε-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML)-conjugated BSA is a major component of AGEs. However, the proteins involved in DN induction by CML have never been reported. Herein, we investigated specific protein regulators of AGE-mediated DN via proteomic analysis of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice kidneys. We identified 937, 976, and 870 proteins in control, STZ, and STZ + CML-BSA samples, respectively. Bioinformatics analysis identified several CML-mediated proteins potentially involved in kidney damage, activation of fatty acid oxidation (FAO), and mitochondrial dysfunction. Furthermore, we identified the CML-specific differential protein carnitine palmitoyltransferase 2 (CPT2), related to FAO. To confirm the effect of CPT2 and the CML-mediated mechanism, human renal tubular HK-2 cells were treated with CML-BSA and cpt2 siRNA, and examined for FAO-mediated fibrosis and mitochondrial dysfunction. CML-BSA and CPT2 knockdown induced fibrosis-related gene expression and damage to mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, CPT2 overexpression recovered CML-induced fibrosis-related gene expression. Based on these results, a decrease in CML-induced CPT2 expression causes mitochondrial FAO damage, leading to renal fibrosis and DN.


Assuntos
Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Linhagem Celular , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/fisiologia
18.
Clin Proteomics ; 15: 28, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30186054

RESUMO

Background: Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) of Acinetobacter baumannii are cytotoxic and elicit a potent innate immune response. OMVs were first identified in A. baumannii DU202, an extensively drug-resistant clinical strain. Herein, we investigated protein components of A. baumannii DU202 OMVs following antibiotic treatment by proteogenomic analysis. Methods: Purified OMVs from A. baumannii DU202 grown in different antibiotic culture conditions were screened for pathogenic and immunogenic effects, and subjected to quantitative proteomic analysis by one-dimensional electrophoresis and liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (1DE-LC-MS/MS). Protein components modulated by imipenem were identified and discussed. Results: OMV secretion was increased > twofold following imipenem treatment, and cytotoxicity toward A549 human lung carcinoma cells was elevated. A total of 277 proteins were identified as components of OMVs by imipenem treatment, among which ß-lactamase OXA-23, various proteases, outer membrane proteins, ß-barrel assembly machine proteins, peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerases and inherent prophage head subunit proteins were significantly upregulated. Conclusion: In vitro stress such as antibiotic treatment can modulate proteome components in A. baumannii OMVs and thereby influence pathogenicity.

19.
Infect Genet Evol ; 65: 150-158, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30053642

RESUMO

Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii strains have emerged rapidly worldwide. The antibiotic resistance characteristics of XDR A. baumannii strains show regional differences; therefore, it is necessary to analyze both genomic and proteomic characteristics of emerging XDR A. baumannii clinical strains isolated in Korea to elucidate their multidrug resistance. Here, we isolated new sequence type of XDR A. baumannii clinical strain (KAB03) from Korean hospitals and performed comprehensive genome analyses. The strain belongs to new sequence type, ST451. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis with other types of A. baumannii strains revealed that KAB03 has unique SNP pattern in the regions of gyrB and gpi of MLST profiles. A. baumannii KAB03 harbours three antibiotic resistance islands (AbGRI1, 2, and 3). AbGRI1 harbours two copies of Tn2006 containing blaOXA-23, which play an important role in antibiotic resistance. AbGRI2 possesses aminoglycoside resistant gene aph(3')-Ic and class A ß-lactamase blaTEM. AbGIR3 has macrolide resistant genes and aminoglycoside resistant gene armA. A. baumannii KAB03 harbours mutations in pmrB and pmrC, which are believed to confer colistin resistance. In addition, proteomic and transcriptional analysis of KAB03 confirmed that ß-lactamases (ADC-73 and OXA-23), Ade efflux pumps (AdeIJK), outer membrane proteins (OmpA and OmpW), and colistin resistance genes (PmrCAB) were major proteins responsible for antibiotic resistance. Our proteogenomic results provide valuable information for multi-drug resistance in emerging XDR A. baumannii strains belonging to ST451.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Acinetobacter baumannii/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Infecções por Acinetobacter/microbiologia , Acinetobacter baumannii/isolamento & purificação , Aminoglicosídeos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/genética , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Colistina/farmacologia , DNA Girase/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Genoma Bacteriano , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , República da Coreia , beta-Lactamases/genética
20.
Clin Proteomics ; 15: 6, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29449793

RESUMO

Background: Scrub typhus is an acute and febrile infectious disease caused by the Gram-negative α-proteobacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi from the family Rickettsiaceae that is widely distributed in Northern, Southern and Eastern Asia. In the present study, we analysed the serum proteome of scrub typhus patients to investigate specific clinical protein patterns in an attempt to explain pathophysiology and discover potential biomarkers of infection. Methods: Serum samples were collected from three patients (before and after treatment with antibiotics) and three healthy subjects. One-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was performed to identify differentially abundant proteins using quantitative proteomic approaches. Bioinformatic analysis was then performed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis. Results: Proteomic analysis identified 236 serum proteins, of which 32 were differentially expressed in normal subjects, naive scrub typhus patients and patients treated with antibiotics. Comparative bioinformatic analysis of the identified proteins revealed up-regulation of proteins involved in immune responses, especially complement system, following infection with O. tsutsugamushi, and normal expression was largely rescued by antibiotic treatment. Conclusions: This is the first proteomic study of clinical serum samples from scrub typhus patients. Proteomic analysis identified changes in protein expression upon infection with O. tsutsugamushi and following antibiotic treatment. Our results provide valuable information for further investigation of scrub typhus therapy and diagnosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...