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J Infus Nurs ; 42(2): 249-253, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464833


Every health care facility aims to achieve and maintain a zero central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rate. Infections can be costly for institutions of any size and are often not covered by health insurance. The interventions put in place in this quality improvement project were implemented in 4 phases: (1) develop a new standard of care for central lines and give nurses full responsibility for the care and handling of these lines (including blood sampling); (2) revise policy and provide educational sessions to support nurses; (3) document compliance with the new policy; and (4) document CLABSI rates. The project took place during a 15-month period between January 1, 2016 and March 30, 2017, in 4 critical care units in a university medical center in Lebanon. The results revealed a reduction in CLABSI rates from a maximum rate of more than 17 per 1000 catheter days to zero per 1000 catheter days, which was sustained for 10 months. Nurse compliance with the new policy after 3 months ranged from 95% to 99%.

Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateterismo Venoso Central/normas , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/educação , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Controle de Infecções/normas , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Adulto , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Líbano , Melhoria de Qualidade
Perfusion ; 34(6): 508-515, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868942


AIM: The ECMO (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) Program at the American University of Beirut Medical Center was established in November 2015 as the first program serving adult and pediatric population in a low-resource setting. The aim of the study is to describe the challenges faced during the establishment of the program and factors leading to its success. METHODS: The program establishment is described. The preparation phase, included the strategic, financial, and clinical planning by administration, nursing, and a multidisciplinary team of physicians. The training and education phase included all the involved nurses, perfusionists, and physicians. Concerns were heard from various stakeholders, and the challenges were analyzed and discussed. RESULTS: The preparation committee chose the adequate equipment, responded to the concerns, defined roles and responsibilities through credentialing and privileging, wrote policies and protocols, and established a strategy to decide for the ECMO indication. Selected team of nurses, physicians, and perfusionists are identified and trained locally, and abroad. A full-time ECMO physician was recruited to launch the program. Twelve patients (6 adults, 3 children, and 3 neonates) were supported by ECMO, for cardiac and respiratory indications. Eleven patients were supported by veno-arterial ECMO, and 1 patient (a neonate) with veno-venous ECMO. Overall, 75% survived to decannulation and 41% survived to discharge. CONCLUSION: With limited human and financial resources, new ECMO centers need to carefully establish selection criteria that may differ from those used in developed countries. Indications should be discussed on a case by case basis, taking into account clinical, social, and financial issues. This experience might help other institutions in developing countries to build their own program despite financial and human limitations.

Educação Médica Continuada , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/educação , Adulto , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Líbano , Masculino