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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639836

RESUMO

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that physical inactivity (PI) is responsible for 20 to 30% of all non-communicable diseases. We aimed to analyze the effectiveness of a multiple health behavior change (MHBC) intervention to increase physical activity (PA) in patients 45 to 75 years old who had at least 2 of 3 unhealthy behaviors (tobacco use, reduced fruit and vegetable consumption, and insufficient PA). The MHBC intervention is based on the Transtheoretical Model and the conceptual framework of the "5 A's" and includes an individually tailored intervention, group sessions, and the use of community resources. We included 3062 participants, 1481 in the intervention group and 1581 in the control group. After 12 months, there were no differences in PA intensity measured by metabolic_equivalent_of_task_minutes/week (adjusted mean difference: 284.093, 95% CI: -298.24, 866.42) nor in the proportion of participants who increased PA levels to moderate or high (OR: 1.02, 95% CI: 0.85, 1.23; p = 0.822), and no differences in blood pressure, weight loss, or waist circumference. We found an increased proportion of patients in the intervention group who followed the WHO recommendations for PA (OR: 1.29; 95% CI: 1.04, 1.60; p = 0.02). We concluded that the intervention did not lead to a significant increase in PA.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e049580, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610936

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Disease-related knowledge is a key component of shared decision making and a relevant outcome to measure the effectiveness of information provision interventions. However, no systematic psychometric reviews have been found that assess the measurement instruments aimed at evaluating the disease-related knowledge of people affected by multiple sclerosis. This review aims to systematically assess the quality of the measurement properties of all available disease-related knowledge measurement instruments of people affected by multiple sclerosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic psychometric review will be carried out in accordance with the guidelines proposed by the international 'COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN)' initiative. Studies that meet the following criteria will be selected: (1) those whose aim is to measure disease-related knowledge, (2) those whose study populations are affected by multiple sclerosis and (3) those whose aims are to develop measurement instruments or evaluate one or more of their measurement properties. The information sources will be MEDLINE (via PubMed), CINAHL, PsycINFO and OpenGrey. The methodological quality will be assessed using the 'COSMIN Risk of Bias' checklist. Available evidence will be synthesised and graded using a modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: As this is a systematic review, no ethics approval is needed. Study findings will be shared with multiple sclerosis patient support groups and in reports to funders. The results will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal and will be presented at national and international conferences. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019125417.

3.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the quality of the diet and the adherence to the Mediterranean diet with the presence of persistent or recurrent depressive symptoms have been described. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the intake of specific foods in primary care patients aged 45 to 75, having subclinical or major depression. The study also specifically analyzes this relationship in individuals suffering from chronic diseases. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. 3062 subjects met the inclusion criteria from the EIRA study. Sociodemographic variables, clinical morbidity, depression symptomatology (PHQ-9) and adherence to Mediterranean diet (MEDAS) were collected. RESULTS: Being female, younger, with a higher BMI, consuming more than 1 serving of red meat a day and drinking more than one carbonated or sugary drink daily, not consuming 3 servings of nuts a week and not eating 2 vegetables cooked in olive oil a week are predictors of having higher depressive symptomatology. CONCLUSIONS: Assessing the type of diet of patients presenting depressive symptoms and promoting adherence to a healthy diet is important, especially in patients with chronic diseases. However, depression is a very complex issue and the relationship between nutrition and depression must be further examined.


Assuntos
Depressão/dietoterapia , Dieta Saudável/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta Mediterrânea/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia
4.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 18(1): 88, 2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple health behaviour change (MHBC) interventions that promote healthy lifestyles may be an efficient approach in the prevention or treatment of chronic diseases in primary care. This study aims to evaluate the cost-utility and cost-effectiveness of the health promotion EIRA intervention in terms of MHBC and cardiovascular reduction. METHODS: An economic evaluation alongside a 12-month cluster-randomised (1:1) controlled trial conducted between 2017 and 2018 in 25 primary healthcare centres from seven Spanish regions. The study took societal and healthcare provider perspectives. Patients included were between 45 and 75 years old and had any two of these three behaviours: smoking, insufficient physical activity or low adherence to Mediterranean dietary pattern. Intervention duration was 12 months and combined three action levels (individual, group and community). MHBC, defined as a change in at least two health risk behaviours, and cardiovascular risk (expressed in % points) were the outcomes used to calculate incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER). Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were estimated and used to calculate incremental cost-utility ratios (ICUR). Missing data was imputed and bootstrapping with 1000 replications was used to handle uncertainty in the modelling results. RESULTS: The study included 3062 participants. Intervention costs were €295 higher than usual care costs. Five per-cent additional patients in the intervention group did a MHBC compared to usual care patients. Differences in QALYS or cardiovascular risk between-group were close to 0 (- 0.01 and 0.04 respectively). The ICER was €5598 per extra health behaviour change in one patient and €6926 per one-point reduction in cardiovascular risk from a societal perspective. The cost-utility analysis showed that the intervention increased costs and has no effect, in terms of QALYs, compared to usual care from a societal perspective. Cost-utility planes showed high uncertainty surrounding the ICUR. Sensitivity analysis showed results in line with the main analysis. CONCLUSION: The efficiency of EIRA intervention cannot be fully established and its recommendation should be conditioned by results on medium-long term effects. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03136211 . Registered 02 May 2017 - Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/economia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
6.
An Pediatr (Engl Ed) ; 95(1): 33-39, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119459

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diet and physical activity are factors that have key roles in childhood overweight and obesity prevention. Appropriate assessment of these factors is an essential task in public health. OBJECTIVE: The main aims of the study are to assess body composition, physical activity, and adherence to Mediterranean diet of soccer players, aged 13 to 16 years old in Asturias, Spain. It also aims to evaluate the relationships between diet, physical activity, body composition, and personal characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive survey approach was used involving children (n = 303) with a mean age of 14.15 years (SD = 1.06), and using the KIDMED and PAQ-A questionnaires to assess adherence to Mediterranean diet and level of physical activity, respectively. Body composition was represented using the participants' body mass index. RESULTS: Approximately 23.1% of the participants were overweight or obese. With regards to adherence to Mediterranean diet, 54.8% of the participants had medium adherence, while 8.9% had low adherence. PAQ-A mean score was 2.69 (SD = 0.47). Excess weight was associated with being a goalkeeper (P = .001), higher PAQ-A (P = .011), and lower KIDMED scores (P = .032). Correlation analysis showed an inverse association between age and PAQ-A score (r = -0.122), and a direct association between KIDMED and PAQ-A scores (r = 0.152). CONCLUSION: Participants had an adequate level of physical activity. However, they had an obesogenic profile similar to that of their age population, who were not soccer players. Actions to improve adherence to healthy diet practices are highly recommended.


Assuntos
Dieta Mediterrânea , Obesidade Pediátrica , Futebol , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068227

RESUMO

The study aimed to assess the reliability of the scores, evidence of validity, and feasibility of the Frail-VIG index. A validation study mixing hospitalized and community-dwelling older people was designed. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to assess the inter-rater agreement and the reliability. The construct validity of the Frail-VIG index with respect to the Frailty Phenotype (FP) was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC). Convergent validity with the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) was assessed using Pearson's correlation coefficients. The feasibility was evaluated by calculating the average time required to administer the Frail-VIG index and the percentage of unanswered responses. A sample of 527 older people (mean age of 81.61, 56.2% female) was included. The inter-rater agreement and test-retest reliability were very strong: 0.941 (95% CI, 0.890 to 0.969) and 0.976 (95% CI, 0.958 to 0.986), respectively. Results indicated adequate convergent validity of the Frail-VIG index with respect to the FP, AUC-ROC 0.704 (95% CI, 0.622 to 0.786), and a moderate to strong positive correlation between the Frail-VIG index and CFS (r = 0.635, 95% CI, 0.54 to 0.71). The Frail-VIG index administration required an average of 5.01 min, with only 0.34% of unanswered responses. The Frail-VIG index is a reliable, feasible, and valid instrument to assess the degree of frailty in hospitalized and community-dwelling older people.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
J Clin Med ; 10(10)2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The multidimensional assessment of frailty allows stratifying it into degrees; however, there is still heterogeneity in the characteristics of people in each stratum. The aim of this study was to identify frailty profiles of older people users of a home-based primary care service. METHODS: We carried out an observational study from January 2018 to January 2021. Participants were all people cared for a home-based primary care service. We performed a cluster analysis by applying a k-means clustering technique. Cluster labeling was determined with the 22 variables of the Frail-VIG index, age, and sex. We computed multiple indexes to assess the optimal number of clusters, and this was selected based on a clinical assessment of the best options. RESULTS: Four hundred and twelve participants were clustered into six profiles. Three of these profiles corresponded to a moderate frailty degree, two to a severe frailty degree and one to a mild frailty degree. In addition, almost 75% of the participants were clustered into three profiles which corresponded to mild and moderate degree of frailty. CONCLUSIONS: Different profiles were found within the same degree of frailty. Knowledge of these profiles can be useful in developing strategies tailored to these differentiated care needs.

9.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 243, 2021 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Frail-VIG frailty index has been developed recently. It is an instrument with a multidimensional approach and a pragmatic purpose that allows rapid and efficient assessment of the degree of frailty in the context of clinical practice. Our aim was to investigate the convergent and discriminative validity of the Frail-VIG frailty index with regard to EQ-5D-3L value. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study in two Primary Health Care (PHC) centres of the Catalan Institute of Health (Institut Català de la Salut), Barcelona (Spain) from February 2017 to January 2019. Participants in the study were all people included under a home care programme during the study period. No exclusion criteria were applied. We used the EQ-5D-3L to measure Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and the Frail-VIG index to measure frailty. Trained PHC nurses administered both instruments during face-to-face assessments in a participant's home during usual care. The relationships between both instruments were examined using Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression analyses. RESULTS: Four hundred and twelve participants were included in this study. Frail-VIG score and EQ-5D-3L value were negatively correlated (r = - 0.510; P < 0.001). Non-frail people reported a substantially better HRQoL than people with moderate and severe frailty. EQ-5D-3L value declined significantly as the Frail-VIG index score increased. CONCLUSIONS: Frail-VIG index demonstrated a convergent validity with the EQ-5D-3L value. Its discriminative validity was optimal, as their scores showed an excellent capacity to differentiate between people with better and worse HRQoL. These findings provide additional pieces of evidence for construct validity of the Frail-VIG index.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 60: e13-e18, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618980

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the context of soccer clubs, to analyze the concordance between players' actual weight, their self-perceived weight, and their weight as perceived by their parents; to determine which variables might explain the presence of concordance between parents' perception of adolescents' weight and their actual weight. Design and study: A cross-sectional study involving 330 soccer players aged between 13 and 16. Data on personal characteristics of adolescents and parents were analyzed, as well as parents' perceptions of adolescents' weight status and their self-perception. A descriptive analysis of the personal characteristics of the sample (adolescents and parents) and an analysis of the variables explaining the presence of concordance between the parents' perception of adolescents' weight and their actual weight were performed. RESULTS: 19% of the adolescents were overweight and 3.4% were obese. The concordance between parents' perceptions of players' weight and players' actual weight was weak. The concordance between adolescents' self-perceived weight and their actual weight was moderate. The difference in BMI scores according to presence or absence of concordance was statistically significant: these scores were higher in the absence of concordance. Discordance between adolescents' weight and their parents' perception of their weight was associated with parents having lower levels of education. CONCLUSION: A high percentage of parents and players misperceived their actual weight. This discrepancy was associated with higher BMI scores for adolescents. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Nurses should include promotion of accurate weight perception in educational interventions on excess weight.


Assuntos
Futebol , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Obesidade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Pais
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540715

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the feasibility of an educational intervention on hydration behavior in adolescent soccer players. A pilot study of a two-arm, non-randomized controlled cluster trial was conducted. A total of 316 players aged 13-16 agreed to participate. The response variables were the players' participation in the intervention, their perception of the knowledge acquired, the usefulness and the overall assessment of the intervention. Hydration patterns and acquisition of knowledge on hydration behavior were also assessed. The intervention involved two elements: posters and a web app. A total of 259 adolescents completed the study (intervention group (IG) = 131; control group (CG) = 128). 80.6% of the players responded to the survey assessing the feasibility of the intervention. The mean number of correct answers regarding behavior was significantly higher in the IG (3.54; SD = 1.162) than in the CG (2.64; SD = 1.174) (p < 0.001). The water consumption pattern at all the clubs was ad libitum. Of the players, 10% did not drink any water at all during the game. In conclusion, this intervention has been shown to be feasible for implementation with adolescent soccer players. It suggests that hydration guidelines should be informed by personal factors and that ad libitum water consumption should be avoided.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Líquidos , Futebol , Adolescente , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 53(1): 12-18, ene. 2021. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-200084

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Determinar el porcentaje de autorías femeninas en artículos originales publicados durante 2 períodos en la revista Atención Primaria y evaluar si existen diferencias entre categorías de autoría (primera, última autora y coautora) entre ambos. DISEÑO: Estudio transversal. Emplazamiento: Producción científica femenina publicada durante 2007-2008 y 2017-2018. PARTICIPANTES: Centrado en los artículos originales. Mediciones principales: Se recogieron en un formulario ad hoc las variables: género con base en el nombre del autor, número total de mujeres y hombres que figuraban como autores y orden de autoría. Se calcularon las frecuencias absolutas y relativas y se utilizó la prueba de chi2 para determinar la evolución de los porcentajes por tipo de autoría y género. RESULTADOS: Se analizaron un total de 108 artículos en el período 2007-2008 y 100 en el 2017-2018. No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el promedio de autoras y autores dentro de los períodos ni entre ambos. En 2007-2008 se identificaron un total de 548 autorías y 540 en 2017-2018; el porcentaje de autoras fue del 48,7% y del 54,4%, respectivamente. Solo se observó un aumento del porcentaje de primeras autoras interperíodo. CONCLUSIONES: Prácticamente una de cada 2 autorías de artículos originales publicados en la revista Atención Primaria era femenina. Asimismo, se observó un incremento significativo en el porcentaje de primeras autoras entre ambos períodos. No obstante, y a pesar del mayor número de trabajadoras sanitarias, las últimas autoras se mantienen sin cambios, lo que apunta a la persistencia de infrarrepresentación femenina


OBJECTIVES: To determine the percentage of female authors in original articles published during 2 periods, in the journal of Atención Primaria (Primary Care), and to examine the differences between the categories of authorship (first, last author, and co-author) between both periods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Feminine scientific production published during the periods 2007-2008 and 2017-2018. PARTICIPANTS: The study was focused on original articles. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The following variables were collected in an ad hoc form: gender based on the name of the author, total number of women and men appearing as authors, and order of authorship. Absolute and relative authorship frequencies were calculated, and the Chi2 test was used to examine the evolution of the percentages by type of authorship and gender. RESULTS: A total of 108 articles were analysed in 2007-2008, and 100 in 2017-2018. No statistically significant differences were observed between the mean numbers of women authors within and between periods. In 2007-2008 a total of 548 female authors were identified and 540 in 2017-2018, the percentage of female authors was 48.7% and 54.4%, respectively. Only an increase in the percentage of first authors was observed between periods. CONCLUSIONS: Practically one out of every 2authors of original articles published in the journal Atención Primaria was female. There was also a significant increase in the percentage of female first authors between the 2periods. Nevertheless, and despite the greater number of health workers, the number of latest female authors remain unchanged, which points to the persistence of female under-representation


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoria e Coautoria na Publicação Científica , Mulheres , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Bibliometria , Fatores Sexuais , Distribuição por Sexo , Análise de Gênero , Espanha
13.
Aten Primaria ; 53(1): 12-18, 2021 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the percentage of female authors in original articles published during 2periods, in the journal of Atención Primaria (Primary Care), and to examine the differences between the categories of authorship (first, last author, and co-author) between both periods. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Feminine scientific production published during the periods 2007-2008 and 2017-2018. PARTICIPANTS: The study was focused on original articles. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The following variables were collected in an ad hoc form: gender based on the name of the author, total number of women and men appearing as authors, and order of authorship. Absolute and relative authorship frequencies were calculated, and the χ2 test was used to examine the evolution of the percentages by type of authorship and gender. RESULTS: A total of 108 articles were analysed in 2007-2008, and 100 in 2017-2018. No statistically significant differences were observed between the mean numbers of women authors within and between periods. In 2007-2008 a total of 548 female authors were identified and 540 in 2017-2018, the percentage of female authors was 48.7% and 54.4%, respectively. Only an increase in the percentage of first authors was observed between periods. CONCLUSIONS: Practically one out of every 2authors of original articles published in the journal Atención Primaria was female. There was also a significant increase in the percentage of female first authors between the 2periods. Nevertheless, and despite the greater number of health workers, the number of latest female authors remain unchanged, which points to the persistence of female under-representation.

14.
BMC Res Notes ; 13(1): 376, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771042

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of comorbidities and self-perceived health and social support between long-term cancer survivors and people without a history of cancer from a clinical trial examining the effects of a multiple risk behavior intervention. RESULTS: Of the 4259 people studied, 190 (4.46%) were cancer survivors. They had a mean ± SD age of 62.8 ± 7 years vs. 58.7 ± 8 years (P < 0.01) for non-cancer people and were more likely to be on long-term sick leave (11.9 vs. 3.5%, P < 0.001). No differences were observed for smoking, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, physical activity, obesity, or social support. Cancer survivors were more likely to have worse self-perceived health (OR 1.82; 95% CI 1.02-2.75), more comorbidities (OR 1.68; 95% CI 1.18-2.39), COPD (OR 2.17; 95% CI 1.25-3.78), and depression (OR 1.65; 95% CI 1.06-2.57). Older age and worse self-perceived health were independent predictors of survivorship in the adjusted analysis.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Hábitos , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Apoio Social , Sobreviventes
15.
An Pediatr (Engl Ed) ; 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709526

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diet and physical activity are factors that have key roles in childhood overweight and obesity prevention. Appropriate assessment of these factors is an essential task in public health. OBJECTIVE: The main aims of the study are to assess body composition, physical activity, and adherence to Mediterranean diet of soccer players, aged 13 to 16 years old in Asturias, Spain. It also aims to evaluate the relationships between diet, physical activity, body composition, and personal characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive survey approach was used involving children (n=303) with a mean age of 14.15 years (SD=1.06), and using the KIDMED and PAQ-A questionnaires to assess adherence to Mediterranean diet and level of physical activity, respectively. Body composition was represented using the participants' body mass index. RESULTS: Approximately 23.1% of the participants were overweight or obese. With regards to adherence to Mediterranean diet, 54.8% of the participants had medium adherence, while 8.9% had low adherence. PAQ-A mean score was 2.69 (SD=0.47). Excess weight was associated with being a goalkeeper (P=.001), higher PAQ-A (P=.011), and lower KIDMED scores (P=.032). Correlation analysis showed an inverse association between age and PAQ-A score (r=-0.122), and a direct association between KIDMED and PAQ-A scores (r=0.152). CONCLUSION: Participants had an adequate level of physical activity. However, they had an obesogenic profile similar to that of their age population, who were not soccer players. Actions to improve adherence to healthy diet practices are highly recommended.

16.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 52(5): 297-306, mayo 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-201074

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Adaptar y validar el Child and Adolescent Self-Care Performance Questionnaire (CASPQ) al contexto de la población infantil sana de 8 a 12 años residente en España y evaluar sus propiedades métricas. DISEÑO: Estudio de validación fundamentado en la Teoría Clásica de los Tests. Emplazamiento: Cuatro centros educativos participantes en el programa «Salut I Escola» de un centro de atención primaria de Barcelona (España). PARTICIPANTES: Un total de 498 alumnos y alumnas de educación primaria participaron en el estudio durante los primeros seis meses de 2016. Mediciones principales: Se realizó la adaptación cultural del cuestionario. Se evaluó el proceso de respuesta, la estructura factorial y se analizaron las relaciones de las puntuaciones del CASPQ con las del cuestionario KIDSCREEN-27. Asimismo, se evaluaron la consistencia interna y la reproducibilidad de las puntuaciones. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 489 cuestionarios. El análisis factorial confirmatorio de su estructura teórica mostró un ajuste suficiente. Se observó una asociación positiva entre las puntuaciones del cuestionario y las del KIDSCREEN-27. La consistencia interna global fue satisfactoria; no obstante, la de cada factor fue marginal o moderada. La reproducibilidad de las puntuaciones fue óptima. CONCLUSIONES: El CASPQ adaptado a la población infantil sana de 8 a 12 años muestra unas propiedades métricas adecuadas y similares a las del cuestionario original. Por ello, es un instrumento útil para evaluar las prácticas de autocuidado y planificar intervenciones dirigidas a su promoción


OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the Child and Adolescent Self-Care Performance Questionnaire (CASPQ) to the context of healthy children aged 8 to 12years residing in Spain and evaluate their metric properties. DESIGN: Validation study based on Classical Test Theory. LOCATION: Four schools participating in the Salut I Escola programme of a Primary Care Centre of Barcelona (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred and ninety-eight elementary school students participated in the study during the first six months of 2016. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Cultural adaptation of the questionnaire was carried out. Response process and factorial structure were evaluated and the relationships of the adapted questionnaire scores with those of the KIDSCREEN-27 questionnaire were analysed. Likewise, internal consistency and reproducibility of the scores were evaluated. RESULTS: Four hundred and eighty-nine questionnaires were obtained. The confirmatory factor analysis of its theoretical structure showed a sufficient adjustment. A positive association was observed between the questionnaire scores and those of KIDSCREEN-27. The overall internal consistency was satisfactory; nevertheless, that of each factor was marginal or moderate. The reproducibility of the scores was optimal


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Autocuidado , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções , Comparação Transcultural , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Análise Fatorial , Espanha
17.
J Nurs Manag ; 28(8): 1997-2000, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249472

RESUMO

AIM(S): This commentary aims to raise awareness of the possible causes of "missed nursing care" in health promotion and to propose possible solutions. BACKGROUND: Although health promotion is an essential function of nursing practice, "missed nursing care" has been scarcely studied in this area. It is crucial to know both its causes and possible strategies to prevent it. EVALUATION: We used evidence to identify possible causes of "missed nursing care" in health promotion, and we classified them into categories. We suggested the concept of capacity building to address its underlying causes. KEY ISSUE(S): Four main factors are involved in "missed nursing care" in health promotion, that is intrapersonal, interpersonal, organisational and cultural. Capacity building, including the development of knowledge, skills, commitment, structures, systems and leadership, could reduce missed care. CONCLUSION(S): "Missed nursing care" in health promotion is complex and is multifactorial in its origins. Capacity building could be a way to address its causes. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Nursing care in health promotion is paramount and a long-term investment that can contribute to the sustainability of the health system. Organisations and managers could view capacity building processes as a tool to prevent "missed nursing care" in health promotion.

18.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 52(4): 426-434, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346930

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nurses are well-positioned to play an active role in the development of innovation in health care. However, their contribution to health innovation is poorly recognized and often invisible. The aim of this study was to determine the profile of innovative ideas recorded by nurses in the Innòbics ideas bank, a corporate virtual community of open innovation. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study design. We identified all the innovative ideas recorded in Innòbics from June 8, 2016, to July 6, 2018. To be eligible, the ideas had to be recorded by nurses. Each innovative idea recorded was assessed by the Certification Evaluation Committee of Innòbics. After collective discussion during the evaluation sessions, each committee member independently scored the idea. The screening decision was based on the overall average score. The following variables were collected from each innovative idea that was recorded: (a) level of health care where the idea originated (primary care or secondary care), (b) subject or category according to the classification of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Health Care Innovations Exchange, (c) ratings relative to each screening criteria, and (d) the result of the screening decision: stored = ideas that were poorly developed and in which it was not possible to identify their potential for innovation; susceptible of improvement = potential ideas that needed to be improved and whose authors received comments from the evaluation committee; validated = ideas that continued the process to become innovation projects; forwarded = ideas that were not innovative but they were a complaint or a proposal for quality improvement (these were forwarded to the institutional department concerned). FINDINGS: A total of 246 innovative ideas were recorded in the period of the study, 61 (24.8%) of which were recorded by nurses. The subjects and categories of these ideas were diverse, highlighting aspects such as patient-centered care, quality improvement strategies, preventive and chronic care, and primary care. Thirty-five (57.4%) of these innovative ideas were stored, 13 (21.3%) were susceptible to improvement, 11 (18.0%) were forwarded, and 2 (3.3%) were validated. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that approximately a quarter of the ideas were recorded by nurses. Subjects and categories of these ideas were diverse, some of them closely related to the profession and nursing practice. Two ideas were identified as potential innovation projects. Innòbics can act as an organizational tool that promotes a climate for innovation in health care. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study recognizes nurses' contribution to a healthcare innovation initiative and their interest in sharing innovative ideas. Its findings provide useful insights into a virtual community of open innovation such as an organizational tool for encouraging creativity and innovation in healthcare. Likewise, there is also a need for further development of nurses to master healthcare innovation as a basic competence.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde/organização & administração , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Inovação Organizacional , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Redes Sociais Online
19.
Aten Primaria ; 52(5): 297-306, 2020 05.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926294

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the Child and Adolescent Self-Care Performance Questionnaire (CASPQ) to the context of healthy children aged 8 to 12years residing in Spain and evaluate their metric properties. DESIGN: Validation study based on Classical Test Theory. LOCATION: Four schools participating in the Salut i Escola programme of a Primary Care Centre of Barcelona (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred and ninety-eight elementary school students participated in the study during the first six months of 2016. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Cultural adaptation of the questionnaire was carried out. Response process and factorial structure were evaluated and the relationships of the adapted questionnaire scores with those of the KIDSCREEN-27 questionnaire were analysed. Likewise, internal consistency and reproducibility of the scores were evaluated. RESULTS: Four hundred and eighty-nine questionnaires were obtained. The confirmatory factor analysis of its theoretical structure showed a sufficient adjustment. A positive association was observed between the questionnaire scores and those of KIDSCREEN-27. The overall internal consistency was satisfactory; nevertheless, that of each factor was marginal or moderate. The reproducibility of the scores was optimal. CONCLUSIONS: The CASPQ adapted to the healthy child population of 8 to 12years old shows appropriate metric properties and similar to those of the original questionnaire. Therefore, it is a useful tool to assess self-care practices and plan interventions aimed at its promotion.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Autocuidado/métodos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Instituições Acadêmicas , Espanha
20.
BMJ Open ; 9(12): e033160, 2019 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843847

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of investigations highlight the complex nature of frailty; therefore, the use of multidimensional assessment instruments could be useful in clinical decision-making. Frail people are found mainly in the community setting which is why this is the ideal environment for early screening and intervention. For this purpose, it is necessary to have valid, time-effective and easy-to-use frailty assessment instruments. The aim of this review is to critically appraise, compare and summarise the quality of the measurement properties of all multidimensional instruments with an integral approach to identify frailty in community-dwelling people. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Medline, Psychological Information Database (PsycINFO) and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) will be searched from their inception dates. We will also conduct searches in databases of grey literature. No limits will be applied for language. A highly sensitive validated search filter will be used for finding studies on measurement properties. An additional search including the names of the instruments found in the initial search will also be undertaken. Studies aiming at the development of a measurement instrument, the evaluation of one or more measurement properties or the evaluation of its interpretability will be included. The instrument should have an integral approach (physical, psychological and social) and it should measure all three domains. The context of use should be a community setting. Two reviewers independently will screen the references and assess the risk of bias by consensus-based standards for the selection of health measurement instruments checklist. To assess the overall evidence for the measurement properties of the identified instruments, the results of the different studies, adjusted for their methodological quality, will be combined. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval and patient consent are not required as this is a psychometric review based on published studies. The results of this review will be disseminated at conferences and published in an international peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019120212.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Vida Independente , Psicometria/instrumentação , Qualidade de Vida , Lista de Checagem , Consenso , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Psicometria/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
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