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1.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444930

RESUMO

Fewer studies compared the improvement of plasma lipid levels after different types of surgery, in particular compared to one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB). The aim of our study was to investigate how laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and OAGB impact on weight loss and lipid profile 18 months after surgery, in patients with severe obesity. Forty-six patients treated with OAGB were matched to eighty-eight patients submitted to LSG. Weight loss after OAGB (33.2%) was more evident than after LSG (29.6%) (p = 0.024). The difference in the prevalence of dyslipidemia showed a statistically significant reduction only after OAGB (61% versus 22%, p < 0.001). After adjustment for delta body mass index (BMI), age and sex, we demonstrated a statistically significant decrease of the differences between the changes before and after (delta Δ) the two surgery procedures: Δ total cholesterol values (p < 0.001), Δ low density lipoprotein-cholesterol values (p < 0.001) and Δ triglycerides values (p = 0.007). Patients with severe obesity undergoing to OAGB presented a better improvement of lipid plasma values than LSG patients. The reduction of lipid plasma levels was independent of the significant decrease of BMI after surgery, of age and of sex.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Lipídeos/sangue , Obesidade Mórbida/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antropometria , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Perda de Peso , Adulto Jovem
2.
Intern Emerg Med ; 11(5): 695-702, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26837209

RESUMO

A definitive relationship between adiposity and MP production is yet to be demonstrated. The aim of our study was to prospectively evaluate the levels of microparticles (MP) in a group of 20 III degree obese patients before and after weight loss. Plasma levels of annexin V-MP, endothelial-derived MP, platelet-derived MP (CD61+ and P-Selectin+), leukocyte-derived MP, tissue factor-bearing (TF+) and CD36+MP were prospectively measured in 20 patients with III degree obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) before (T0) and 3 (T3) and 12 (T12) months after sleeve gastrectomy (SLG). Obese patients had lost 18 % of their body weight at T3 and 41 % at T12. We find that considering all MP, except for endothelial-derived MP, which had significantly decreased at T3, all MP subtypes had significantly decreased at T12. At T12, subjects showed a higher median level of all types of MP, except endothelial-derived MP, compared to T3, but without a statistically significant difference. The percentages of reduction of all the MP were significantly correlated with the percentage of reduction of BMI. The reductions of leukocyte-derived, TF+ and CD36+MP were significantly correlated with the reduction of leptin. Moreover, the reductions of leukocyte-derived and CD36+MP were significantly correlated with hs-CRP decrease. The decrease of BMI post-SLG in morbid obesity was matched with a decrease of circulating MP of endothelial, platelet, leukocyte origin, TF+ and CD36+. A trend of slight increase in all MP subtypes, except endothelial-derived, was detected 12 months after gastrectomy, indicating a possible underlying slow low-grade inflammatory/hypercoagulability state from adipose tissue before the potential overt weight gain.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/fisiologia , Perda de Peso/fisiologia , Adulto , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Thromb Res ; 135(3): 548-53, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25592651

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity has been associated with hypercoagulability and to increased risk of both arterial and venous thromboembolic events. Many different and complex changes in plasma coagulation factors have been described in patients with obesity. The aim of this case-control study is to evaluate hypercoagulability in a group of overweight and obese subjects by whole blood rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) and impedance aggregometry (Multiplate®). METHODS: ROTEM® and Multiplate® analyses were performed in 80 subjects with a BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m(2), of whom 20 overweight [BMI = 25-29.9 Kg/m(2)], 20 with I degree obesity [BMI = 30-34.9 Kg/m(2)], 20 with II degree obesity [BMI = 35-39.9 Kg/m(2)] and 20 with III degree [BMI > 40 Kg/m(2)] and compared with 80 age and gender-matched normal weight healthy individuals. RESULTS: Thromboelastometry. In INTEM and EXTEM tests MCF and AUC were significantly increased in III degree obese compared with controls. MCF in FIBTEM was significantly higher in I, II and III degree obesity than controls (p = 0.027, 0.002 and < 0.001, respectively). Impedance aggregometry. A significant difference in platelet aggregation was found between III degree obese subjects and healthy controls in each of the tests considered. A significant correlation between FIBTEM-MCF and aggregometry parameters with BMI, waist circumference, leptin levels and high sensitive-C reactive proteins was also found. CONCLUSIONS: A relationship between hypercoagulability detected by whole blood thromboelastometry and aggregometry and increased fat mass is shown. Hypercoagulability also correlated with inflammatory markers. Point-of-care tests can be used to assess the degree of hypercoagulability and hyperaggregability in obese patients. Wider studies are needed to confirm our observations.


Assuntos
Obesidade/complicações , Trombofilia/complicações , Trombofilia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Tromboelastografia , Trombofilia/sangue
4.
Thromb Haemost ; 113(1): 85-96, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25318550

RESUMO

The role of circulating microparticles (MP) of different origin and tissue factor (TF)-bearing in overweight and obese patients with and without metabolic syndrome is still a matter of debate. In a case-control study, the presence of hypercoagulability was evaluated in overweight and obese patients by measuring MP, thrombin generation (TG) and FVIIa-AT complexes. Twenty overweight patients (body mass index [BMI] range 25-29.9 kg/m²), 20 with I degree (30-34.9 kg/m²), 20 with II degree (35-39.9 kg/m²) and 20 with III degree obesity (≥ 40 kg/m²) were enrolled and compared to 40 age and gender-matched normal weight individuals. A significant increase in median levels of all MP subtypes was observed in the three degrees of obese patients compared to controls. Overweight patients had higher levels of annexin V-MP (AMP), endothelial-derived, leukocyte-derived and TF-bearing MP than controls. Obese patients had a significantly shorter median lag time (p< 0.05), higher median peak thrombin (p< 0.01) and increased median endogenous thrombin potential [ETP] (p< 0.001) compared to controls. Overweight subjects had significantly increased ETP compared to controls (p< 0.05). Both AMP levels and ETP were found to positively correlate with BMI, waist circumference, and inflammatory parameters. No significant increase in FVIIa-AT complex was seen in cases compared to controls. We conclude that obesity is associated with overproduction of procoagulant MP and increase TG. Interestingly, hypercoagulability is found in overweight patients free of metabolic syndrome and increases with the severity of obesity. Assessment of MP and TG may be helpful in the early characterisation of the prothrombotic state in obese patients.


Assuntos
Coagulação Sanguínea , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Trombofilia/etiologia , Trombose/etiologia , Adulto , Antitrombinas/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Micropartículas Derivadas de Células/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Fator VIIa/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Sobrepeso/sangue , Sobrepeso/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombina/metabolismo , Trombofilia/sangue , Trombofilia/diagnóstico , Tromboplastina/metabolismo , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/diagnóstico , Circunferência da Cintura
6.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 3: e6, 2012 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23238028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A growing body of evidence indicates that patients with sessile serrated adenoma/polyp (SSA/P) and traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) are at risk for subsequent malignancy. Despite increasing knowledge on histological categorization of serrated polyps (SPs) data are lacking on the actual prevalence and the association of each SP subtype with advanced colorectal neoplasia. METHODS: We prospectively determined the prevalence of different SP subtypes and evaluate the association with synchronous advanced neoplasia in asymptomatic average-risk subjects undergoing first-time colonoscopy. All retrieved polyps were examined by two independent pathologists. Serrated lesions were classified into hyperplastic polyps (HP), SSA/P (without and with cytological dysplasia, SSA/P/DIS), and TSA, and were screened for BRAF and K-ras mutations. RESULTS: Among 258 polyps detected in 985 subjects, the proportion of SSA/P and TSA was 8.9% and 1.9% with an overall prevalence of 2.3% and 0.6%, respectively. SSA/Ps were small without significant difference in their location between proximal and distal colon; TSA were predominantly left-sided. BRAF mutation was common in SSA/Ps and K-ras mutation was present in all TSA. Independent predictors of advanced neoplasia were male sex (odds ratio (OR)=2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.0-4.0), increasing age (OR=4.5, 95% CI 1.5-13.4 for 50-69 years and OR=9.9, 95% CI 3.1-31.5 for >70 years), current smoking (OR=2.0, 95% CI 1.3-6.8), >3 tubular adenoma (OR=3.6, 95% CI 1.9-6.4), and SSA/P (OR=6.0, 95% CI 1.9-19.5). CONCLUSIONS: The substantial prevalence of BRAF-mutated SSA/P and the independent association with synchronous advanced colorectal neoplasia in asymptomatic average-risk subjects support the overall impact of the serrated pathway on colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in general population. The endoscopic characteristics of SSA/P emphasize the need of high-quality colonoscopy as a key factor for an effective CRC screening program.

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