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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299118

RESUMO

The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ligand-activated transcription factor expressed in all skin cell types, plays a key role in physiological and pathological processes. Several studies have shown that this receptor is involved in the prevention of inflammatory skin diseases, e.g., psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, representing a potential therapeutic target. We tested the safety profile and the biological activity of NPD-0614-13 and NPD-0614-24, two new synthetic AhR ligands structurally related to the natural agonist FICZ, known to be effective in psoriasis. NPD-0614-13 and NPD-0614-24 did not alter per se the physiological functions of the different skin cell populations involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin diseases. In human primary keratinocytes stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-α or lipopolysaccharide the compounds were able to counteract the altered proliferation and to dampen inflammatory signaling by reducing the activation of p38MAPK, c-Jun, NF-kBp65, and the release of cytokines. Furthermore, the molecules were tested for their beneficial effects in human epidermal and full-thickness reconstituted skin models of psoriasis. NPD-0614-13 and NPD-0614-24 recovered the psoriasis skin phenotype exerting pro-differentiating activity and reducing the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and antimicrobial peptides. These data provide a rationale for considering NPD-0614-13 and NPD-0614-24 in the management of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Catecóis/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/patologia , Ligantes , Psoríase/metabolismo , Psoríase/patologia , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/patologia
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32257968

RESUMO

E7 protein from cutaneous as well as mucosal HPV types can alter NF-κB activity. Conflicting literature data show a HPV-induced up- or down-regulation of the NF-κB pathway in different cell lines. In a previous study we detected the expression of E7 gene of HPV15 in a subungual tumor of a patient affected by incontinentia pigmenti (IP). IP is a rare X-linked genodermatosis in which the IKKγ gene is altered. From observations in transgenic IKKγ defective mice, it was suggested that IKK-deficient cells may undergo rapid hyper-proliferation and apoptosis/necrosis, leading to increased pro-inflammatory cytokine production in the neighboring IKK-positive cells. The objective of this study was to ascertain if beta HPV 15 can alter apoptosis and NF-κB pathway in normal and IKKγ-deficient keratinocytes. The human immortalized keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT), and human primary keratinocyte (HPK) cells were transduced with a retrovirus expressing E6-E7 proteins of HPV 15 and IKKγ was successful silenced mimicking the HPV15 infection and IP. HPV15 E6-E7 gene expression improved NF-κB activity in human keratinocytes even when IKKγ was silenced by siRNA. In IKKγ silenced keratinocyte cells, TNF-α-induced apoptosis was strongly reduced by the expression of HPV15 E6-E7 genes. Beta HPV15 exerted this anti-apoptotic activity by decreasing pro-apoptotic BAK and cleaved Caspase 3 proteins. In conclusion, we can speculate that presence of persistent infection by beta papillomavirus might influence the biological fate of IP by altering NF-κB activation and apoptosis in IKKγ mutated cells, favoring their survival and possibly the development of tumors in the late stage of disease. Taken together, our data reinforce the importance of host genetic background in the pathogenesis of HPV-associated skin lesions.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Apoptose , Humanos , Queratinócitos , Papillomaviridae
3.
Acta Dermatovenerol Croat ; 21(3): 149-54, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24183217

RESUMO

The new analysis of the expression of cell cycle regulators (used in various neoplasms) and the nominal immunohistologic assays still represent valid and feasible diagnostic methods in most pathology practice. We examined 114 paraffin-embedded histologic specimens of melanocytic cutaneous lesions. The primary objective of this study was to explore diagnostic potential of the two important cell cycle regulators, p16 and Ki67, also evaluating the variations of expression by use of a semi quantitative graded scale. Another aim was to study the hypothetical correlation between p16 expression (in melanocytic and non-melanocytic lesions) and two independent variables, i.e. patient age and anatomical sites (sun exposed or non-sun exposed) of the lesions. Cell population was considered positive for antibody-specific p16 and Ki67 when at least 33% of the cells showed well-defined nuclear and/or cytoplasmic staining. A special p16 and Ki67 trend was found only in Spitz nevus, atypical Spitz nevus and invasive malignant melanoma (MM). No discriminative values were found regarding other lesions (junctional melanocytic nevus, MM in situ, superficially spreading MM, non-melanoma skin cancers). p16 was over-expressed on sun exposed sites and hypo-expressed on non-sun exposed areas, yielding a statistically significant correlation (p<0.03). According to patient age, p16 was over-expressed in patients aged ≥61 and hypo-expressed in patients aged ≤60 (p=0.09).


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Melanoma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Exposição Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nevo de Células Epitelioides e Fusiformes/metabolismo , Nevo Pigmentado/metabolismo , Luz Solar
4.
J Gene Med ; 6(9): 992-1002, 2004 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15352072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In mouse models of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) functions administered systemically completely block retinal neovascularization. In contrast, selective ocular VEGF depletion has achieved an approx. 50% inhibition of retinal neovascular growth. It is unclear whether a more complete inhibition of new blood vessel development can be obtained with an anti-VEGF therapy localized to the eye. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine the effect of local anti-VEGF therapy in a different animal model which closely mimics human ROP. METHODS: Rats were exposed to alternating cycles of high and low levels of oxygen for 14 days immediately after birth; thereafter, they were intravitreally injected with an adenoviral vector expressing a secreted form of the VEGF receptor flt-1 (Ad.sflt), which acts by sequestering VEGF. Contralateral eyes were injected with the control vector carrying the reporter gene expressing beta-galactosidase (Ad.betaGal). RESULTS: At the peak of retinal neovascular growth, i.e. post-natal day 21 (P21), we observed up to 97.5% decrease in retinal neovascularization in animals injected with Ad.sflt. At the end of observation (P28), no significant difference in retinal vessel number was detected in both oxygen-injured and normoxic Ad.sflt-treated retinas compared with untreated or Ad.betaGal-treated retinas. CONCLUSION: Adenoviral-mediated sflt-1 gene transfer induces a near-complete inhibition of ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization in rats without affecting pre-existing retinal vessels.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética/métodos , Neovascularização Retiniana/prevenção & controle , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/terapia , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Vetores Genéticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Ratos , Retina/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/biossíntese , Corpo Vítreo/metabolismo
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