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1.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 19(1): 312-317, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540966

RESUMO

Several biomarkers have been suggested to have prognostic value in differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTC) with no validation in the refractory setting, including all tumor subtypes. We aim to correlate RNA expression profiles with survival based on patients included in the DECISION trial. We obtained 247 samples from the 417 patients included in the DECISION study and performed RNAseq analysis (77 million paired-end reads for each sample on HiSeq2000). After quality control, 125 samples were included in the secondary analysis and mapped against the human reference genome (GRCh38) with STAR (v2.5.1b) using ENCODE parameter. Survival analysis was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test was used for statistical comparison. In this post hoc analysis, we identified three groups of tumors based on their gene expression profile: BRAF-like, RAS-like, and non-BRAF-non-RAS-like (NoBRaL). No significant correlation with sorafenib responders was observed. However, we identified a statistically significant correlation between the RNA-expression profiles and progression-free survival. The BRAF-like profile had a significantly better outcome compared with RAS-like and NoBRaL (11.8, 6.2, and 5.5 months, respectively) [HR: 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.17-0.60; P < 0.001 and HR: 0.36 (95% CI, 0.21-0.63); P < 0.001] and HR: 0.36 (95% CI, 0.21-0.63; P < 0.001) and maintained significance as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in the multivariate analysis for papillary thyroid cancers. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive RNA-seq analysis of all histologic subtypes of DTC. The RNA expression profiles identified may suggest a new prognostic parameter to be considered before recommendation of systemic therapies or the design of stratification factors for future clinical trials.

2.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 521-530, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403184

RESUMO

It is critical to identify biomarkers and functional networks associated with aggressive thyroid cancer to anticipate disease progression and facilitate personalized patient management. We performed miRNome sequencing of 46 thyroid tumors enriched with advanced disease patients with a median follow-up of 96 months. MiRNome profiles correlated with tumor-specific histopathological and molecular features, such as stromal cell infiltration and tumor driver mutation. Differential expression analysis revealed a consistent hsa-miR-139-5p downexpression in primary carcinomas from patients with recurrent/metastatic disease compared to disease-free patients, sustained in paired local metastases and validated in publicly available thyroid cancer series. Exogenous expression of hsa-miR-139-5p significantly reduced migration and proliferation of anaplastic thyroid cancer cells. Proteomic analysis indicated RICTOR, SMAD2/3 and HNRNPF as putative hsa-miR-139-5p targets in our cell system. Abundance of HNRNPF mRNA, encoding an alternative splicing factor involved in cryptic exon inclusion/exclusion, inversely correlated with hsa-miR-139-5p expression in human tumors. RNA sequencing analysis revealed 174 splicing events differentially regulated upon HNRNPF repression in our cell system, affecting genes involved in RTK/RAS/MAPK and PI3K/AKT/MTOR signaling cascades among others. These results point at the hsa-miR-139-5p/HNRNPF axis as a novel regulatory mechanism associated with the modulation of major thyroid cancer signaling pathways and tumor virulence.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo F-H/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Processamento Alternativo/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo F-H/metabolismo , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
3.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(10): 654-662, dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184793

RESUMO

Las enfermedades endocrinas están experimentando un importante incremento de su prevalencia, debido a causas de diversa índole, entre ellas la epidemia de obesidad y de desnutrición, el envejecimiento de la población, pero también el efecto de los disruptores endocrinos, entre otros. Por otra parte, las nuevas tecnologías, tanto a nivel de analítica molecular y genética, de imagen y de nuevos dispositivos terapéuticos, obligan a que la comunidad profesional endocrina en España tenga que estar en constante formación. La conexión con los pacientes a través de sus asociaciones, cada vez más activas, y con la sociedad civil en general, el compromiso profesional y la demanda de diversos colectivos sociales de una atención moderna y equitativa, y a llevar a cabo investigación que facilite la consecución de avances para los pacientes, obligan al especialista en Endocrinología y Nutrición, y a la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición (SEEN), a posicionarse y dar respuesta a todos estos retos. En el presente documento, la SEEN expone sus propuestas y su estrategia hasta el 2022


Endocrine diseases are experiencing an important increase in their prevalence, due to causes of various kinds, including the epidemic of obesity and malnutrition, the aging of the population, but also the effect of endocrine disruptors, among others. On the other hand, new technologies, both in terms of molecular and genetic analysis, image and new therapeutic devices, require that the endocrine professional community in Spain must be in constant training. The connection with patients through their associations, increasingly active, and with the civil society in general, the professional commitment and demand of various social groups for a modern and equitable care, and to carry out research that facilitates the achievement of advances for patients, forces the specialist in endocrinology and nutrition and the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) to position themselves and respond to all these challenges. In this document, the SEEN presents its proposals and its strategy until 2022


Assuntos
Endocrinologia/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Estratégias , Endocrinologia/tendências , Sistemas Nacionais de Saúde , Medicina/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde , Espanha
5.
Endocrine ; 66(2): 405-415, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317524

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The prevalence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism has been studied in registries and in surgical series with highly variable and imprecise results. However, the frequency of this hormonal deficiency in the clinical practice of endocrinologists is not known with accuracy. We aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of hypoparathyroidism in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy in Spain. METHODS: We designed a retrospective, multicentre and nation-wide protocol including all patients with total thyroidectomy who were seen in the endocrinology clinic of the participant centers from January to March 2018. Prevalence of hypoparathyroidism was evaluated at discharge of surgery, 3-6 months after surgery, 12 months after surgery and at last visit. Twenty hospitals participated in the study. RESULTS: Of 1792 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, 866 (48.3%) developed postoperative hypoparathyroidism at discharge of surgery. Most of them recover parathyroid function over time. Prevalence of hypoparathyroidism at 3-6 months, 12 months and at last visit was 22.9%, 16.7% and 14.5%, respectively. The risk of developing definitive hypoparathyroidism was related to the presence of parathyroid tissue at histology, lymph node dissection, and two-stage thyroidectomy. Patients with thyroid cancer, with higher postoperative calcium levels and treated by expert surgical teams exhibited lower risk of developing permanent hypoparathyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: Although most patients with postsurgical hypoparathyroidism recover parathyroid function, the prevalence of permanent disease in clinical practice is non negligible (14.5%). Postoperative calcium, extent and timing of surgery, the presence of cancer, expert surgical team, and parathyroid tissue at histology are predictors of permanent hypoparathyroidism.

6.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr ; 66(10): 654-662, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272927

RESUMO

Endocrine diseases are experiencing an important increase in their prevalence, due to causes of various kinds, including the epidemic of obesity and malnutrition, the aging of the population, but also the effect of endocrine disruptors, among others. On the other hand, new technologies, both in terms of molecular and genetic analysis, image and new therapeutic devices, require that the endocrine professional community in Spain must be in constant training. The connection with patients through their associations, increasingly active, and with the civil society in general, the professional commitment and demand of various social groups for a modern and equitable care, and to carry out research that facilitates the achievement of advances for patients, forces the specialist in endocrinology and nutrition and the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) to position themselves and respond to all these challenges. In this document, the SEEN presents its proposals and its strategy until 2022.

7.
Thyroid ; 28(5): 601-612, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29635968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancer. Unlike most cancers, its incidence has dramatically increased in the last decades mainly due to increased diagnosis of indolent PTCs. Adequate risk stratification is crucial to avoid the over-treatment of low-risk patients, as well as the under-treatment of high-risk patients, but the currently available markers are still insufficient. Kallikreins (KLKs) are emergent biomarkers in cancer, but their involvement in PTC is unknown. METHODS: This study analyzed DNA methylation (HumanMethylation arrays) and gene expression (RNA-Seq) of KLKs, BRAF and RAS mutations, and clinical data from four published thyroid cancer data sets including normal and tumor tissues (n = 73, n = 475, n = 20, and n = 82) as discovery, training, and validation series. The C4.5 classification algorithm was used to generate a decision tree. Disease-free survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox approaches. Specific analyses were performed using real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The entire KLK family was deregulated in PTC, displaying a specific epigenetic and transcriptional profile strongly associated with BRAFV600E or RAS mutations. Thus, a decision-tree algorithm was developed based on three KLKs with >80% sensitivity and >95% specificity, identifying BRAF- and RAS-mutated tumors. Notably, tumors lacking these mutations were classified as BRAF- or RAS-like. Most importantly, the KLK algorithm uncovered a novel PTC subtype showing favorable prognostic features. CONCLUSIONS: The KLK algorithm could lead to a new clinically applicable strategy with important implications for the risk stratification of PTC and the management of patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Papilar/genética , Metilação de DNA , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Calicreínas/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Proteínas ras/genética
8.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 103(2): 397-406, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29165662

RESUMO

Context: Global DNA hypomethylation is a major event for the development and progression of cancer, although the significance in thyroid cancer remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate its role in thyroid cancer progression and its potential as a prognostic marker. Methods: Global hypomethylation of Alu repeats was used as a surrogate marker for DNA global hypomethylation, and was assessed using the Quantification of Unmethylated Alu technique. Mutations in BRAF and RAS were determined by Sanger sequencing. Results: Ninety primary thyroid tumors were included [28 low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), 13 pediatric DTC, 33 distant metastatic DTC, 7 poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC), and 9 anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC)], as well as 24 distant metastases and 20 normal thyroid tissues. An increasing hypomethylation was found for distant metastatic DTC [median, 4.0; interquartile range (IQR), 3.1 to 6.2] and PDTC/ATC (median, 9.3; IQR, 7.0 to 12.1) as compared with normal thyroid tissue (median, 2.75; IQR, 2.30 to 3.15), whereas low-risk and pediatric DTC were not affected by hypomethylation. Alu hypomethylation was similar between distant metastases and matched primary tumors. Within distant metastatic DTC, Alu hypomethylation was increased in BRAF vs RAS mutated tumors. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses showed that thyroid cancer-related and all-cause mortality were associated with tumor hypomethylation, but this association was lost after adjustment for thyroid cancer risk category. Conclusion: Distant metastatic DTC, PDTC, and ATC were increasingly affected by global Alu hypomethylation, suggesting that this epigenetic entity may be involved in thyroid cancer progression and dedifferentiation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Metilação de DNA , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Criança , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica
9.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 64(8): 451-455, oct. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-171809

RESUMO

Introducción: La linfadenectomía en la cirugía del carcinoma papilar de tiroides se aconseja cuando hay evidencia de metástasis ganglionar cervical (terapéutica) o en pacientes de alto riesgo (profiláctica), como en los tumores T3 y T4 de la clasificación TNM. La técnica de la biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela puede mejorar el diagnóstico prequirúrgico de las metástasis ganglionares. Objetivo: Analizar el resultado de la biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela en un grupo de pacientes con carcinoma papilar de tiroides T sin evidencia de afectación ganglionar antes de la cirugía. Pacientes y método: Estudio retrospectivo, unicéntrico en el que se incluyeron los pacientes intervenidos entre los años 2011-2013 que fueran clínicamente N0. La identificación del ganglio centinela se realizó mediante técnica isotópica. En todos los casos, se practicó linfadenectomía del compartimento afecto si el ganglio centinela era positivo, y del compartimento central en caso de ganglio centinela negativo. Resultados: Se incluyeron 43 pacientes, 34 mujeres, con una edad media de 52,3 (±17) años. De los 170 ganglios centinela resecados, 46 (27%) fueron positivos para metástasis, que correspondían a 24 (55,8%) pacientes. En las linfadenectomías se resecaron 612 ganglios. De ellos, 96 (15,6%) fueron positivos para metástasis. Doce de los treinta (40%) pacientes cT1N0 y cT2N0 pasaron a pN1 tras la biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela, mientras que 12 de los 13 (92%) pacientes cT3N0 y cT4N0, acabaron siendo pN1. Conclusiones: La biopsia selectiva del ganglio centinela recalifica más del 50% de pacientes de cN0 a pN1. Se confirma la necesidad de vaciamiento ganglionar en los tumores T3 y T4, pero pone al descubierto la presencia de metástasis linfáticas en el 40% de los T1-T2 (AU)


Introduction: Lymphadenectomy is recommended during surgery for papillary thyroid carcinoma when there is evidence of cervical lymph node metastasis (therapeutic) or in high-risk patients (prophylactic) such as those with T3 and T4 tumors of the TNM classification. Selective sentinel lymph node biopsy may improve preoperative diagnosis of nodal metastases. Objective: To analyze the results of selective sentinel lymph node biopsy in a group of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and no evidence of nodal involvement before surgery. Patients and method: A retrospective, single-center study in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and no clinical evidence of lymph node involvement who underwent surgery between 2011 and 2013. The sentinel node was identified by scintigraphy. When the sentinel node was positive, the affected compartment was removed, and when sentinel node was negative, central lymph node dissection was performed. Results: Forty-three patients, 34 females, with a mean age of 52.3 (±17) years, were enrolled. Forty-six (27%) of the 170 SNs resected from 24 (55.8%) patients were positive for metastasis. In addition, 94 (15.6%) out of the 612 lymph nodes removed in the lymphadenectomies were positive for metastases. Twelve of the 30 (40%) low risk patients (cT1N0 and cT2N0) changed their stage to pN1, whereas 12 of 13 (92%) high risk patients (cT3N0 and cT4N0) changed to pN1 stage. Conclusions: Selective sentinel lymph node biopsy changes the stage of more than 50% of patients from cN0 to pN1. This confirms the need for lymph node resection in T3 and T4 tumors, but reveals the presence of lymph node metastases in 40% of T1-T2 tumors (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Tri-Iodotironina/análise , Tiroxina/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos
10.
Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr ; 64(8): 451-455, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28895542

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lymphadenectomy is recommended during surgery for papillary thyroid carcinoma when there is evidence of cervical lymph node metastasis (therapeutic) or in high-risk patients (prophylactic) such as those with T3 and T4 tumors of the TNM classification. Selective sentinel lymph node biopsy may improve preoperative diagnosis of nodal metastases. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of selective sentinel lymph node biopsy in a group of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and no evidence of nodal involvement before surgery. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A retrospective, single-center study in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and no clinical evidence of lymph node involvement who underwent surgery between 2011 and 2013. The sentinel node was identified by scintigraphy. When the sentinel node was positive, the affected compartment was removed, and when sentinel node was negative, central lymph node dissection was performed. RESULTS: Forty-three patients, 34 females, with a mean age of 52.3 (±17) years, were enrolled. Forty-six (27%) of the 170 SNs resected from 24 (55.8%) patients were positive for metastasis. In addition, 94 (15.6%) out of the 612 lymph nodes removed in the lymphadenectomies were positive for metastases. Twelve of the 30 (40%) low risk patients (cT1N0 and cT2N0) changed their stage to pN1, whereas 12 of 13 (92%) high risk patients (cT3N0 and cT4N0) changed to pN1 stage. CONCLUSIONS: Selective sentinel lymph node biopsy changes the stage of more than 50% of patients from cN0 to pN1. This confirms the need for lymph node resection in T3 and T4 tumors, but reveals the presence of lymph node metastases in 40% of T1-T2 tumors.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/secundário , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Reações Falso-Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Agregado de Albumina Marcado com Tecnécio Tc 99m , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia
11.
Eur Thyroid J ; 6(2): 65-74, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28589087

RESUMO

The management of thyroid nodules, one of the main clinical challenges in endocrine clinical practice, is usually straightforward. Although the most important concern is ruling out malignancy, there are grey areas where uncertainty is frequently present: the nodules labelled as indeterminate by cytology and the extent of therapy when thyroid cancer is diagnosed pathologically. There is evidence that the current available precision medicine tools (from all the "-omics" to molecular analysis, fine-tuning imaging or artificial intelligence) may help to fill present gaps in the future. We present here a commentary on some of the current challenges faced by endocrinologists in the field of thyroid nodules and cancer, and illustrate how precision medicine may improve their diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities in the future.

12.
Thyroid ; 27(1): 59-66, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27796194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current methods based on fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) are not sufficient to distinguish among follicular thyroid lesions, follicular adenoma (FA), follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC), and the follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer (FVPTC). Furthermore, none of the immunohistochemical markers currently available are sensitive or specific enough to be used in the clinical setting, necessitating a diagnostic hemithyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to identify proteins of value for differential diagnosis between benign and malignant thyroid follicular lesions. METHODS: This retrospective analysis is based on an assessment of the immunoexpression of 19 proteins on 81 benign thyroid lesions (FA) and 50 malignant tumors (FTC/FVPTC). The resulting expression profile allowed the design of a scoring system model to improve the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid lesions. The model was validated using an independent series of 69 FA and 40 FTC and an external series of 40 nodular hyperplasias, and was further tested in a series of 38 FNAB cell blocks. RESULTS: A model based on the nuclear and cytoplasmic expression of APLP2, RRM2, and PRC1 discriminated between benign and malignant lesions with 100% sensitivity in both main and validation groups, with specificities of 71.3% and 50.7%, respectively. For the nodular hyperplasia series, specificity reached 94.8%. Finally, in FNAB samples, the sensitivity was 100% and the specificity was 45% for discrimination between benign and malignant lesions. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the identified APLP2, RRM2, and PRC1 signature could be useful for distinguishing between benign (FA) and malignant (FTC and FVPTC) tumors of the thyroid follicular epithelium.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Ribonucleosídeo Difosfato Redutase/metabolismo , Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Adenoma/metabolismo , Adenoma/patologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Carcinoma Papilar/metabolismo , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27933172

RESUMO

Skeletal manifestations of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) include brown tumors (BT), which are osteoclastic focal lesions often localized in the jaws. Brown tumors are a rare manifestation of pHTP in Europe and USA; however, they are frequent in developing countries, probably related to vitamin D deficiency and longer duration and severity of disease. In the majority of cases, the removal of the parathyroid adenoma is enough for the bone to remineralize, but other cases require surgery. Hyperparathyroidism in MEN1 develops early, and is multiglandular and the timing of surgery remains questionable. To our knowledge, there are no reports of BT in MEN 1 patients. We present a 29-year-old woman with MEN 1 who developed a brown tumor of the jaw 24 months after getting pregnant, while breastfeeding. Serum corrected calcium remained under 2.7 during gestation, and at that point reached a maximum of 2.82 mmol/L. Concomitant PTH was 196 pg/mL, vitamin D 13.7 ng/mL and alkaline phosphatase 150 IU/L. Bone mineral density showed osteopenia on spine and femoral neck (both T-scores = -1.6). Total parathyroidectomy was performed within two weeks, with a failed glandular graft autotransplantation, leading to permanent hypoparathyroidism. Two months after removal of parathyroid glands, the jaw tumor did not shrink; thus, finally it was successfully excised. We hypothesize that higher vitamin D and mineral requirements during maternity may have triggered an accelerated bone resorption followed by appearance of the jaw BT. We suggest to treat pHPT before planning a pregnancy in MEN1 women or otherwise supplement with vitamin D, although this approach may precipitate severe hypercalcemia. LEARNING POINTS: Brown tumors of the jaw can develop in MEN 1 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism at a young age (less than 30 years).Pregnancy and lactation might trigger brown tumors by increasing mineral and vitamin D requirements.Early parathyroidectomy is advisable in MEN 1 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, at least before planning a pregnancy.Standard bone mineral density does not correlate with the risk of appearance of a brown tumor.Removal of parathyroid glands does not always lead to the shrinkage of the brown tumor, and surgical excision may be necessary.

14.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 174(4): 465-72, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26764417

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The natural history of advanced thyroid malignancies is largely unknown. The outcome of patients included in the placebo arm of clinical trials could be reflective of their therapy-free evolution. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the response rate, symptoms and adverse effects of locally advanced or metastatic differentiated (DTC) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in patients treated with placebo in clinical trials. DESIGN: PubMed (MEDLINE) and SCOPUS databases were searched through September 2015 to identify high-quality randomized controlled clinical trials. We included studies that recruited patients with DTC or MTC with a placebo arm. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis for each category of response rate, adherence to treatment, and adverse events. An empirical Bayesian random-effect model was used. RESULTS: We identified five clinical trials. DTC and MTC were independently analyzed. In the placebo arm, no complete response was observed; partial response occurred in 1.6% (0.6-3) and 6.4% (3.4-10.3) of DTC and MTC respectively; stable disease was described in 40.5% (34.6-46.9) and 53.9% (44.3-64.4) of DTC and MTC respectively. DTC reached a disease control rate of 42.3% (36.2-48.9) and MTC of 60.2 (50.1-71.4). Treatment discontinuation rate was 3.5% (1.9-5.5) in DTC and 5.7% (3.0-9.4) in MTC. Rate of dose reduction was 7.3% (4.8-10.5) in DTC and 6.2% (3.3-10.0) in MTC. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis provides extensive data on the response rate and adverse effects of locally advanced or metastatic DTC and MTC in patients treated with placebo. These results may be used for comparisons with results from clinical trials without a placebo arm.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Efeito Placebo , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Eur Thyroid J ; 5(4): 224-230, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28101486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) prevalence is nearly 3 times higher in females than in males. This gender difference suggests that growth and progression of PTC might be influenced by female sex hormones. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the expression of both estrogen receptor (ER)-α and progesterone receptor (PR) by immunohistochemistry in 203 PTC patients. METHODS: ER-α and PR expression was evaluated in paraffin-embedded tumor tissue samples of 45 males and 158 females followed up for 7.2 ± 3.7 years. RESULTS: ER-α was expressed in 52 (25.6%) patients (41 females and 11 males) and PR in 94 (46.3%) patients (75 females and 19 males). ER-α and PR were coexpressed in 31 (15.3%) patients (27 females and 4 males). ER-α expression correlated significantly with tumor size in the whole sample (ER-α positive 22.8 ± 11.8 mm vs. ER-α negative 15.1 ± 12.4 mm; p = 0.02) and in the subgroup of women (ER-α positive 18.8 ± 12.8 mm vs. ER-α negative 14.9 ± 12.3 mm; p = 0.048). In addition, ER-α expression significantly correlated with remission of the disease. In fact, of the 192 patients followed up, 50/153 (32.7%) disease-free patients were ER-α positive, in contrast to only 3/39 (7.7%) with evidence of disease persistence/recurrence (χ2 = 8.5, p = 0.0036). PR expression was not associated with any of the parameters analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirmed recent data indicating that ER-α and PR expression is a common finding in thyroid tumor tissue. However, in contrast to previous reports, we observed an association between ER-α expression and a more favorable outcome in PTC patients.

18.
Endocrinol. nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 62(6): 264-1269, jun.-jul. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-140169

RESUMO

Introducción: Recientemente, se ha constituido en Cataluña el Consorcio para el Estudio de Cáncer de Tiroides (CECaT). Se trata de una plataforma que reúne 20 hospitales y un instituto de investigación de la comunidad. Una de sus iniciativas ha sido la realización de un estudio retrospectivo de las características de pacientes tratados de cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT). Material y métodos: Se incluyeron 1.855 pacientes de 11 hospitales tratados en el periodo (1998-2012). Resultados: Del total, 1.470 (79,2%) eran mujeres. La edad media al diagnóstico fue de 47,7 (15,7) años, siendo significativamente mayor en los varones que en las mujeres, 49,3 (15) versus 47,3 (15,8); p = 0,02. El 88,9% eran carcinomas papilares. El tamaño del tumor fue de 21,5 (16) mm, siendo significativamente menor en las mujeres que en los hombres, 20,1 (14,5) mm y 26,6 (20,3) mm, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Tras un seguimiento de 5,5 (3,8) años, se disponía de la situación final en 1.355 pacientes. De ellos, 1.065 (78,6%) se encontraban libres de enfermedad, 239 (17,6%) mantenían enfermedad activa y 51 (3,8%) habían fallecido. El riesgo de no estar libre de enfermedad se relacionaba de forma significativa con: mayor edad al diagnóstico, sexo masculino, mayor tamaño del tumor, metástasis linfáticas iniciales, ausencia de signos de tiroiditis en el resto de la glándula, y presencia de invasión vascular y/o extraglandular del tumor. Conclusiones: Los resultados muestran que las características del CDT de la cohorte son similares a las descritas en otros ámbitos geográficos (AU)


Introduction: The consortium for the study of thyroid cancer (CECaT), including 20 hospitals and one research institute, was recently created in Catalonia (Spain). One of the first initiatives of the group was to perform a descriptive analysis of the characteristics of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Patients and methods: The cohort included 1,855 patients from 11 hospitals treated over a period of 15 years (1998-2012). Results: In this series, 1.470 (79.2%) patients were women. Mean age was 47.7 (15.7) years old. Age was significantly higher in male than in female patients, 49.3 (15) versus 47.3 (15.8); p = 0.02. Papillary thyroid carcinoma accounted for 88.9% of cases. Mean tumor size was 21.5 (16) mm, and was significantly lower in females than in males, 20.1 (14.5) mm and 26.6 (20.3) mm respectively (p < 0.001). After a follow-up period of 5.5 (3.7) years, information was available for 1,355 patient, of whom 1065 (78.6%) were free of disease, 239 (17.6%) had no tumor persistence, and 51 (3.8) % had died. The risk of persistent or recurrent disease was significantly associated to older age at diagnosis, male gender, larger tumor size, lymph node metastases at surgery, no signs of thyroiditis in the remaining thyroid tissue, and presence of vascular and/or extraglandular invasion. Conclusions: Patient characteristics analyzed are similar to those reported in other parts of the world (AU)


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Tireoidectomia , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Tireoidite/patologia
19.
Endocrinol Nutr ; 62(6): 264-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25979187

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The consortium for the study of thyroid cancer (CECaT), including 20 hospitals and one research institute, was recently created in Catalonia (Spain). One of the first initiatives of the group was to perform a descriptive analysis of the characteristics of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cohort included 1,855 patients from 11 hospitals treated over a period of 15 years (1998-2012). RESULTS: In this series, 1.470 (79.2%) patients were women. Mean age was 47.7 (15.7) years old. Age was significantly higher in male than in female patients, 49.3 (15) versus 47.3 (15.8); p=0.02. Papillary thyroid carcinoma accounted for 88.9% of cases. Mean tumor size was 21.5 (16) mm, and was significantly lower in females than in males, 20.1 (14.5) mm and 26.6 (20.3) mm respectively (p<0.001). After a follow-up period of 5.5 (3.7) years, information was available for 1,355 patient, of whom 1065 (78.6%) were free of disease, 239 (17.6%) had no tumor persistence, and 51 (3.8) % had died. The risk of persistent or recurrent disease was significantly associated to older age at diagnosis, male gender, larger tumor size, lymph node metastases at surgery, no signs of thyroiditis in the remaining thyroid tissue, and presence of vascular and/or extraglandular invasion. CONCLUSIONS: Patient characteristics analyzed are similar to those reported in other parts of the world.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Endocr Pathol ; 26(2): 111-8, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25698133

RESUMO

The transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) has an important regulatory role in tumorigenesis, but its implication in thyroid cancer has not been yet investigated. In the present study, we have analyzed the expression of YY1 in differentiated thyroid cancer and assessed the association of YY1 expression with clinical features. Expression of YY1 was evaluated in human thyroid cancer cell lines, a series of matched normal/tumor thyroid tissues and in a thyroid cancer tissue microarray, using real-time PCR, Western blot, and/or immunohistochemistry. YY1 was overexpressed in thyroid cancer cells, at transcription and protein levels. A significant increase of YY1 mRNA was also observed in tumor thyroid tissues. Moreover, immunohistochemical analysis of the thyroid cancer tissue microarray revealed that both papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) present increased YY1 protein levels (48 and 19%, respectively). After stratification by the level of YY1 protein, positive YY1 expression identifies 88% of patients with PTC. The association of YY1 expression with clinicopathological features in PTC and FTC showed that YY1 expression was related with age at diagnosis. Our data indicates for the first time overexpression of YY1 in differentiated thyroid cancer, with YY1 being more frequently overexpressed in the PTC subtype.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Folicular/genética , Carcinoma/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Fator de Transcrição YY1/genética , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/patologia , Adulto , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Fator de Transcrição YY1/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
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