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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(69): 9994-9997, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724979

RESUMO

The use of protonation to switch nonaromatic expanded porphyrins to their corresponding anti-aromatic forms has not been widely explored. Here, we show that free-base pyriamethyrin and dipyriamethyrin display nonaromatic character, as inferred from NMR spectroscopic analyses, their optical properties, and theoretical calculations. Addition of two protons extends the π - conjugation of these amethyrin analogues and yields formally anti-aromatic systems.

2.
Molecules ; 25(6)2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210058

RESUMO

The reaction between dipyriamethyrin and copper(II) acetate [Cu(OAc)2] afforded what is, to our knowledge, the first transition metal-dipyriamethyrin complex. Molecular and electronic characterization of this binuclear Cu(II) complex via EPR, UV-vis, and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed marked differences between the present constructs and previously reported binuclear copper(II) hexaphyrin species. UV-vis titration analyses provided evidence for a homotropic positive allosteric effect, wherein the binuclear species is formed without significant intermediacy of a monomeric complex.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação , Cobre/química , Modelos Moleculares , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Estrutura Molecular
3.
Chem ; 6(3): 703-724, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201749

RESUMO

The complex etiology of neurodegeneration continues to stifle efforts to develop effective therapeutics. New agents elucidating key pathways causing neurodegeneration might serve to increase our understanding and potentially lead to improved treatments. Here, we demonstrate that a water-soluble manganese(II) texaphyrin (MMn) is a suitable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent for detecting larger amyloid beta constructs. The imaging potential of MMn was inferred on the basis of in vitro studies and in vivo detection in Alzheimer's disease C. elegans models via MRI and ICP-MS. In vitro antioxidant- and cellular-based assays provide support for the notion that this porphyrin analog shows promise as a therapeutic agent able to mitigate the oxidative and nitrative toxic effects considered causal in neurodegeneration. The present report marks the first elaboration of an MRI-active metalloantioxidant that confers diagnostic and therapeutic benefit in Alzheimer's disease models without conjugation of a radioisotope, targeting moiety, or therapeutic payload.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 32-47, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247875

RESUMO

Porphyrin and related pyrrole-containing macrocycles, collectively porphyrinoids, are versatile ligands that allow access to a multitude of coordination modes. Judicious modification of the porphyrin core as well as the pendant substituents has extended the coordination chemistry of porphyrinoids to include systems that are able to stabilize f-block element complexes with possible utility. This review focuses on our group's efforts to prepare expanded porphyrin and porphyrinogen ligands that can serve as tools to study and apply f-element metal coordination chemistry: it covers the background of the topic, selected syntheses, and application of these species in the chemical and medical sciences.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(44): 17867-17874, 2019 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609114

RESUMO

Here we report the first series of in-plane thorium(IV), uranium(IV), and neptunium(IV) expanded porphyrin complexes. These actinide (An) complexes were synthesized using a hexa-aza porphyrin analogue, termed dipyriamethyrin, and the nonaqueous An(IV) precursors, ThCl4(DME)2, UCl4, and NpCl4(DME)2. The molecular and electronic structures of the ligand, each An(IV) complex, and a corresponding uranyl(VI) complex were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and UV-vis spectroscopies as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Computational analyses of these complexes, coupled to their structural features, provide support for the conclusion that a greater degree of covalency in the ligand-cation orbital interactions arises as the early actinide series is traversed from Th(IV) to U(IV) and Np(IV). The axial ligands in the present An(IV) complexes proved labile, allowing for the electronic features of these complexes to be further modified.

6.
Chem Sci ; 10(21): 5596-5602, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293744

RESUMO

A new mixed hexaphyrin, pyrihexaphyrin (0.1.0.0.1.0) (1), was prepared via an acid catalyzed cyclization between 5,5'-(pyridine-2,6-diyl)bis(pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde) (2) and terpyrrole (3). This expanded porphyrin undergoes a ring contraction upon metallation with uranyl silylamide [UO2[N(SiMe3)2]2] under anaerobic conditions followed by purification over basic aluminum oxide exposed to air. The uranyl-contracted pyrihexaphyrin (0.0.0.0.1.0) complex (4) produced as a result contains a unique structural architecture and possesses a formally 22 π-electron globally aromatic periphery, as inferred from NMR spectroscopy, single crystal X-ray diffraction, and computational analyses. Support for the proposed contraction mechanism came from experimental data and DFT calculations. Proton NMR and mass spectroscopic analysis provided the first insight into expanded porphyrin-mediated activation of the uranyl dication (UO2 2+).

8.
J Org Chem ; 83(16): 9568-9570, 2018 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29927588

RESUMO

The controlled preparation of higher order oligopyrrolic species holds broad utility across the chemical and material sciences. Here, we describe the gram-scale synthesis of a bench-stable 5,5″-unsubstituted terpyrrole in excellent yield via a tandem Suzuki cross-coupling with in situ deprotection. The solution and solid-state stability as well as UV-vis, fluorescence, and single crystal X-ray diffraction structure are also detailed.


Assuntos
Pirróis/química , Pirróis/síntese química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Estabilidade de Medicamentos
9.
Inorg Chem ; 56(21): 12665-12669, 2017 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28990790

RESUMO

The reaction between a naphthylbipyrrole-containing hexaphyrin-type expanded porphyrin and copper acetate affords a bench-stable dicopper(II) complex. UV-vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and X-ray crystallographic analysis measurements provide support for the conclusion that this complex displays aromatic features. A weak antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between the binuclear copper(II) ions is evidenced by variable-temperature electron paramagnetic resonance and by fitting of the bulk magnetic susceptibility to a dimer model, yielding J = -5.1 cm-1.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 56(16): 9409-9412, 2017 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28783347

RESUMO

Using naphthobipyrrole as a functional building block, a new expanded porphyrin, naphthoisoamethyrin, was prepared in 85% yield under acid-catalyzed [4 + 2] MacDonald coupling conditions. Treatment of naphthoisoamethyrin with the nonaqueous uranyl silylamide salt [UO2[N(SiMe3)2]2·2THF] yielded the corresponding uranyl complex. Upon metalation, naphthoisoamethyrin undergoes a two-electron oxidation to yield a formal 22 π-electron aromatic species, as inferred from 1H NMR and UV-vis spectroscopy, as well as cyclic voltammetry.

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