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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most frequent rhythm disturbance encountered in the population in general. Out study aims to evaluate in-hospital outcomes of TAVR with AF. METHODS: We used National Inpatient Sample database from 2011 to 2018. Baseline characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were evaluated in TAVR based on AF status or not in both unmatched and propensity-matched cohorts. RESULTS: 215,938 patients underwent TAVR during our study period and out of these AF was encountered in 89587 (41.5%) patients. AF patients undergoing TAVR had a higher mean age and had increased burden of key co-morbidities in unmatched cohort. With propensity matched 1:1 analysis, AF had higher mortality as compared to no-AF group (2.4% vs. 2.1%, p<0.01). The rate of cardiogenic shock (2.9% vs 2.1%), respiratory complications (9.9% vs 8.2%), acute kidney injury (15.6% vs 12.0%), vascular complications (5.0% vs 4.7%) and blood transfusion (10.4% vs 8.6%) was higher in TAVR patients with AF. Lower proportion of patients had routine discharge to home for TAVR with AF (80.8% vs 74.4%). Cost of hospitalization (23,0171[SD, 20,5242] vs 210608[28,4203]) and length of stay (5.7[SD, 11.8] vs 4.29[7.2] days) were considerably higher in patients undergoing TAVR with AF. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing TAVR with concomitant AF tended to have increased mortality, complications, length, and cost of stay compared to non-AF patients.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510705

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The relative safety and efficacy of polymer-free (PF) versus polymer-coated (PC) drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with angina or acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention has received limited study. METHOD: Digital databases were queried to identify relevant studies. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and secondary outcomes were compared using a random effect model to calculate unadjusted odds ratios (OR). RESULTS: A total of 28 studies consisting of 23,198 patients were included in the final analysis. On pooled analysis, there was no significant difference in the odds of MACE (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.91-1.08) and major bleeding (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.61-1.24) between patients undergoing PF-DES versus PC-DES. Similarly, the odds of myocardial infarction, stroke, stent thrombosis, cardiovascular mortality and need for target vessel revascularization was similar between the two groups. PF-DES was favored due to significantly lower odds of non-cardiac death (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.68-89) and all-cause mortality (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.80-0.95), but had a higher need for target lesion revascularization (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.02-1.42). A subgroup analysis based on follow up duration, clinical presentation, presence of diabetes and class of eluting drugs mirrored the net estimates for all outcomes with a few exceptions. A sensitivity and meta-regression analysis showed no influence of single-study and duration of antiplatelet therapy on pooled outcomes. CONCLUSION: In patients presenting with angina or ACS, PF-DES might be favored due to lower all-cause mortality and equal risk of ischemic adverse cardiovascular and major bleeding events compared with PC-DES.

3.
Curr Probl Cardiol ; : 100961, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391762

RESUMO

Contemporary data on stroke predictors and outcomes in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains limited. We analyzed National Inpatient Sample data from the year 2011 to 2018. A total of 215,938 patients underwent TAVI. Of the patients who underwent TAVI, 4579 (2.2%) suffered from stroke and 211359 (97.8%) did not have a stroke. Adjusted mortality was higher in patients who had a stroke (10.9%) as compared to patients who did not have a stroke (3.1%). Lower percentage of patients were discharged home who developed a stroke compared to patients without a stroke (10.2% vs 52.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that at baseline, age, female sex, atrial fibrillation, chronic kidney disease and peripheral vascular disease were significant predictors of stroke. Median Cost of care ($63367 vs $48070) and length of stay (8 vs 4 days) were considerably higher for patients with stroke when compared to the comparison group (P < 0.01 for all). In conclusion we report that stroke is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and resource utilization in patients undergoing TAVI. Baseline characteristics like age, gender, atrial fibrillation, chronic kidney disease and peripheral vascular disease are significant predictors of this adverse event.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(17): e020948, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459226

RESUMO

Background Redo mitral valve surgery is required in up to one-third of patients and is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Valve-in-valve transcatheter mitral valve replacement (ViV TMVR) is less invasive and could be considered in those at prohibitive surgical risk. Studies on comparative outcomes of ViV TMVR and redo surgical mitral valve replacement (SMVR) remain limited. Our study aimed to investigate the real-world outcomes of the above procedures using the National Inpatient Sample database. Methods and Results We analyzed National Inpatient Sample data using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) from September 2015 to December 2018. A total of 495 and 2250 patients underwent redo ViV TMVR and SMVR, respectively. The patients who underwent ViV TMVR were older (77 versus 68 years, P<0.01). Adjusted mortality was higher in the redo SMVR group compared with the ViV TMVR group (7.6% versus <2.8%, P<0.01). Perioperative complications were higher among patients undergoing redo SMVR including blood transfusions (38% versus 7.6%, P<0.01) and acute kidney injury (36.7% versus 13.9%, P<0.01). Cost of care was higher (USD$57 172 versus USD$52 579, P<0.01), length of stay was longer (10 versus 3 days, P<0.01), and discharge to home was lower (20.3% versus 64.6%, P<0.01) in the SMVR group compared with the ViV TMVR group. Conclusions ViV TMVR is associated with lower mortality, periprocedural morbidity, and resource use compared with patients undergoing redo SMVR. ViV TMVR may be a viable option for some patients with mitral prosthesis dysfunction. Studies evaluating long-term outcomes and durability of ViV TMVR are needed. A patient-centered approach by the heart team, local institutional expertise, and careful preprocedure planning can help decision-making about the choice of intervention for the individual patient.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(14): e020906, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259045

RESUMO

Background As transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) technology expands to healthy and lower-risk populations, the burden and predictors of procedure-related complications including the need for permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation needs to be identified. Methods and Results Digital databases were systematically searched to identify studies reporting the incidence of PPM implantation after TAVR. A random- and fixed-effects model was used to calculate unadjusted odds ratios (OR) for all predictors. A total of 78 studies, recruiting 31 261 patients were included in the final analysis. Overall, 6212 patients required a PPM, with a mean of 18.9% PPM per study and net rate ranging from 0.16% to 51%. The pooled estimates on a random-effects model indicated significantly higher odds of post-TAVR PPM implantation for men (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.04-1.28); for patients with baseline mobitz type-1 second-degree atrioventricular block (OR, 3.13; 95% CI, 1.64-5.93), left anterior hemiblock (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.09-1.86), bifascicular block (OR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.52-4.42), right bundle-branch block (OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 2.17-2.83), and for periprocedural atriorventricular block (OR, 4.17; 95% CI, 2.69-6.46). The mechanically expandable valves had 1.44 (95% CI, 1.18-1.76), while self-expandable valves had 1.93 (95% CI, 1.42-2.63) fold higher odds of PPM requirement compared with self-expandable and balloon-expandable valves, respectively. Conclusions Male sex, baseline atrioventricular conduction delays, intraprocedural atrioventricular block, and use of mechanically expandable and self-expanding prosthesis served as positive predictors of PPM implantation in patients undergoing TAVR.

6.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(8): 763-768, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) vs coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and concomitant end-stage renal disease (ESRD) remains unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN & METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) (2002-2017) was queried to identify all cases of CAD and ESRD. The relative merits of PCI vs CABG were determined using a propensity-matched multivariate logistic regression model. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for mortality and other in-hospital complications were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 350,623 [CABG = 112,099 (32%) and PCI = 238,524 (68%)] hospitalizations were included in the analysis. The overall adjusted odds for major bleeding (aOR 1.28, 95% CI 1.25-1.31, P < 0.0001), post-procedure bleeding (aOR 5.19, 95% CI 4.93-5.47, P < 0.0001), sepsis (aOR 1.29, 95% CI 1.26-1.33, P < 0.0001), cardiogenic shock (aOR 1.23, 95% CI 1.20-1.26, P < 0.0001), and in-hospital mortality (aOR 1.65, 95% CI 1.61-1.69, P < 0.0001) were significantly higher for patients undergoing CABG compared with PCI. The need for intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) placement (aOR 2.52, 95% CI 2.45-2.59, P < 0.001) was higher in the CABG group, while the adjusted odds of vascular complications were similar between the two groups (aOR 0.99, 95% CI 0.94-1.06, P = 0.82). As expected, patients undergoing CABG had a higher mean length of stay and mean cost of hospitalization. CONCLUSION: CABG in ESRD may be associated with higher in-hospital complications, increased length of stay, and higher resource utilization.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Falência Renal Crônica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Am J Cardiol ; 153: 101-108, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210502

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with left heart disease and is present in varying degrees in patients with severe mitral valve disease. There is paucity of data regarding outcomes following transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) in patients with PH. For this study, we analyzed NIS data from 2014 to 2018 using the ICD-9-CM and 10-CM codes. Baseline characteristics were compared using a Pearson chi-squared test for categorical variables and independent samples t-test for continuous variables. To account for selection bias, a 1:1 propensity match cohort was derived using logistic regression. Trend analysis was- done using linear regression. Of 21,505 encounters, 6780 encounters had PH. 6610 PH encounters were matched with 6610 encounters without PH. In-hospital mortality (3.3% versus 1.9%, p <0.01) was higher in PH population. Complications such as blood transfusion (3.6% versus 1.7%, p <0.01), GI bleed (1.4% versus 1%, p = 0.04), vascular complications (5.3% versus 3.3%, p <0.01), vasopressors use (2.9% versus 1.7%, p <0.01) and pacemaker placement (1.3% versus 0.8%, p = 0.01) remained significantly higher for encounters with PH. Multiple Logistic regression showed PH was associated with higher mortality (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.68 [95% confidence interval [CI], 1.39-2.05], p <0.01). The mean length of stay (6.2 versus 5.3 days, p <0.01) and cost per hospitalization ($53,780 versus $50,801, p <0.01) remained significantly higher in the PH group when compared to group without PH. In conclusion, TMVr in PH as compared to without PH is associated with higher mortality, post-procedure complication rates, length of stay, and cost of stay.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Marca-Passo Artificial , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110684

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The comparative efficacy and safety of valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve replacement (ViV-TAVR) and redo-surgical AVR (redo-SAVR) in patients with degenerated bioprosthetic aortic valves remain unknown. METHOD: Digital databases were searched to identify relevant articles. Unadjusted odds ratios for dichotomous outcomes were calculated using a random effect model. A total of 11 studies comprising 8326 patients (ViV-TAVR = 4083 and redo-SAVR = 4243) were included. RESULTS: The mean age of patients undergoing ViV-TAVR was older, 76 years compared to 73 years for those undergoing SAVR. The baseline characteristics for patients in ViV-TAVR vs. redo-SAVR groups were comparable. At 30-days, the odds of all-cause mortality (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.30-0.68, p = .0002), cardiovascular mortality (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.26-0.73, p = .001) and major bleeding (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.15-0.54, p = .0001) were significantly lower in patients undergoing ViV-TAVR compared to redo-SAVR. There were no significant differences in the odds of cerebrovascular accidents (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.52-1.58, p = .74), myocardial infarction (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.44-1.92, p = .83) and permanent pacemaker implantation (PPM) (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.27-1.07, p = .08) between the two groups. During mid to long-term follow up (6-months to 5-years), there were no significant differences between ViV-TAVR and redo-SAVR for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and stroke. ViV-TAVR was, however, associated with higher risk of prosthesis-patient mismatch and greater transvalvular pressure gradient post-implantation. CONCLUSION: ViV-TAVR compared to redo-SAVR appears to be associated with significant improvement in short term mortality and major bleeding. For mid to long-term follow up, the outcomes were similar for both groups.

9.
Open Heart ; 8(1)2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relative safety of percutaneous left ventricular assist device (pVAD) and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction remain unknown. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched to identify articles comparing pVAD and IABP. An unadjusted OR was used to calculate hard clinical outcomes and mortality differences on a random effect model. RESULTS: Seven studies comprising 26 726 patients (1110 in the pVAD group and 25 616 in the IABP group) were included. The odds of all-cause mortality (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.47 to 0.68, p=<0.00001) and need for revascularisation (OR 0.16, 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.38, p=<0.0001) were significantly reduced in patients receiving pVAD compared with IABP. The odds of stroke (OR 1.12, 95% CI 0.14 to 9.17, p=0.91), acute limb ischaemia (OR=2.48, 95% CI 0.39 to 15.66, p=0.33) and major bleeding (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.01 to 25.39, p=0.64) were not significantly different between the two groups. A sensitivity analysis based on the exclusion of the study with the largest weight showed no difference in the mortality difference between the two mechanical circulatory support devices. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, there is no significant difference in the adjusted risk of all-cause mortality, major bleeding, stroke and limb ischaemia between the devices. Randomised trials are warranted to investigate further the safety and efficacy of these devices in patients with cardiogenic shock.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence from recent trials has shown conflicting results in terms of the utility of colchicine in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Multiple databases were queried to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the merits of colchicine in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stable CAD. The pooled relative risk ratio (RR) of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), its components, and gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events were computed using a random-effect model. RESULTS: Ten RCTs comprising a total of 12,761 patients were identified. At a median follow-up of 12 months, there was a significantly lower risk of MACE [RR 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45-96], ACS (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.45-0.96), ischemic stroke (RR 0.42, 95% CI 0.22-0.81), and need for revascularization (RR 0.61, 95% CI 0.42-90) in patients receiving colchicine compared with placebo. A subgroup analysis based on the clinical presentation showed that the significantly lower incidence of MACE and stroke were driven by the patients presenting with ACS. The use of colchicine in patients with stable CAD did not reduce the incidence of MACE (RR 0.55, 95% CI 0.28-1.09), ACS (RR 0.52, 95% CI 0.25-1.08), or stroke (RR 0.61, 95% CI 0.33-1.13). There was no significant difference in the relative risk of cardiac arrest, ACS, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality between the two groups in both ACS and stable CAD populations. The risk of GI adverse events was significantly higher in patients receiving colchicine (RR 2.10, 95% CI 1.12-3.95). CONCLUSION: In patients presenting with ACS, low-dose colchicine might reduce the incidence of MACE, stroke, and the need for revascularization at long follow-up durations. Colchicine might offer no benefits in reducing the risk of ischemic events in patients with stable angina.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcomes data on the use of cerebral embolic protection devices (CPDs) with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) remain limited. Previous randomized trials were underpowered for primary outcomes of stroke prevention and mortality. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample and Nationwide Readmissions Database were queried from 2017 to 2018 to study utilization and inpatient mortality, neurological complications (ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and transient ischemic attack), procedural complications, resource utilization, and 30-day readmissions with and without use of CPD. A 1:3 ratio propensity score matched model was created. RESULTS: Among 108,315 weighted encounters, CPD was used in 4380 patients (4.0%). Adjusted mortality was lower in patients undergoing TAVR with CPD (1.3% vs. 0.5%, p < 0.01). Neurological complications (2.5% vs. 1.7%, p < 0.01), hemorrhagic stroke (0.2% vs. 0%, p < 0.01) and ischemic stroke (2.2% vs. 1.4%, p < 0.01) were also lower in TAVR with CPD. Multiple logistic regression showed CPD use was associated with lower adjusted mortality (odds ratio (OR], 0.34 [95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-0.52), p < 0.01) and lower adjusted neurological complications (OR, 0.68 (95% CI, 0.54-0.85], p < 0.01). On adjusted analysis, 30-day all-cause readmissions (Hazard ratio, HR 0.839, [95% CI, 0.773-0.911], p < 0.01) and stroke (HR, 0.727 [95% CI, 0.554-0.955), p = 0.02) were less likely in TAVR with CPD. CONCLUSION: We report real-world data on utilization and in-hospital outcomes of CPD use in TAVR. CPD use is associated with lower inpatient mortality, neurological, and clinical complications as compared to TAVR without CPD.

13.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(6): 557-563, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926363

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Major bleeding remains one of the most frequent complications seen in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes, trends, and predictors of major bleeding in patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: We utilized the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from the year 2011 to 2018. Baseline characteristics were compared using a Pearsonχ2 test for categorical variables and Mann-Whitney U-Test for continuous variables. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to evaluate predictors of major bleeding. Propensity Matching was done for adjusted analysis to compare outcomes in TAVI with and without major bleeding. RESULTS: A total of 215,938 weighted hospitalizations for TAVI were included in the analysis. Of the patient undergoing the procedure, 20,102 (9.3%) had major bleeding and 195,836 (90.7%) patients did not have in-hospital bleeding events. Patients in the major bleeding cohort were older and had greater female gender representation. At baseline patients with thrombocytopenia (Odds Ratio [OR], 1.47[confidence interval (CI), 1.36-1.59]), colon cancer (OR, 1.70[CI, 1.27-2.28]), coagulopathy (OR, 1.17[CI, 1.08-1.27]), liver disease (OR, 1.31[CI, 1.21-1.41]), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR, 1.29[CI, 1.25-1.33]), congestive heart failure (OR, 1.12[CI, 1.08-1.16]), and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (OR, 1.47[CI, 1.38-1.57]) had higher adjusted rates of major bleeding. The percentage of adjusted in-hospital mortality (14.4% vs. 4.2%, P < 0.01) was significantly higher in the major bleeding group Patients with major bleeding had higher median cost of stay ($235,274 vs. $177,920) and length of stay (7 vs 3 days). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we report that mortality is higher in patients with major bleeding and that baseline comorbidities like ESRD, liver disease, coagulopathy and colonic malignancy are important predictors of this adverse event.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo , Comorbidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Falência Renal Crônica , Hepatopatias , Masculino , Prognóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Fatores de Risco , Trombocitopenia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of data on disparities in palliative care encounters in ischemic stroke patients. We have sought to answer these questions using the national inpatient database (NIS) data between 2002 and 2017. We aim to study gender, racial, regional, and socioeconomic disparities in palliative care encounters in ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: We have analyzed the NIS data from January 2002 to December 2017 using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM), and ICD-10-CM codes. Linear regression was used for trend analysis and multiple logistic regression was used for adjusted analysis. RESULTS: A total of 9,542,169 discharge encounters with a diagnosis of ischemic stroke were recorded from 2002 to 2017. Out of these 412,394 (4.3%) had a palliative care (PC) encounter. The median age for patients with a PC encounter was 81 (Interquartile range [IQR 79-88]). PC encounters have shown a rapid increase over the years (from 0.5% in 2002 to 8.3% in 2017, p < 0.01). Adjusted multivariate analysis showed that African Americans (OR, 0.726 [95%CI, 0.716-0.736], p < 0.01), and Hispanics (OR, 0.738 [95%CI, 0.725-0.751]) were less likely to have a PC encounters. Females (OR, 1.18 7 [95% CI, 1.177-1.197], p < 0.01) were more likely to have PC encounters. Patients with better socio-economic status (OR, 1.034 [95%CI, 1.011-1.034], p < 0.01), having private insurance (OR, 1.562 [95%CI, 1.542-1.583], p < 0.01) and being in urban centers (OR, 1.815 [95%CI, 1.788-1.843], p < 0.01) were more likely to receive a PC encounter. CONCLUSIONS: Significant racial, ethnic and socioeconomic disparities exist in PC encounters in ischemic stroke patients. The underlying reasons for this need to be explored further.

17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(2): 343-351, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study trends of utilization, outcomes, and cost of care in patients undergoing undergoing transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). BACKGROUND: Renal disease has been known to be a predictor of poor outcome in patients with mitral valve disease. Outcome data for patients with ESRD undergoing TMVr remains limited. Therefore, our study aims to investigate trends of utilization, outcomes, and cost of care among patients with ESRD undergoing TMVr. METHODS: We analyzed NIS data from January 2010 to December 2017 using the ICD-9-CM codes ICD-10-CM to identify patients who underwent TMVr. Baseline characteristics were compared using a Pearson 𝜒2 test for categorical variables and independent samples t-test for continuous variables. Propensity matched analysis was done for adjusted analysis to compare outcomes between TMVr with and without ESRD. Markov chain Monte Carlo was used to account for missing values. RESULTS: A total of 15,260 patients (weighted sample) undergoing TMVr were identified between 2010 and 2017. Of these, 638 patients had ESRD compared to 14,631 patients who did not have ESRD. Adjusted in-hospital mortality was lower in non-ESRD group (3.9 vs. <1.8%). Similarly, ESRD patients were more likely to have non-home discharges (85.6 vs. 74.9%). ESRD patients also had a longer mean length of stay (7.9 vs. 13.5 days) and higher mean cost of stay ($306,300 vs. $271,503). CONCLUSION: ESRD is associated with higher mortality, complications, and resource utilization compared to non-ESRD patients. It is important to include this data in shared decision-making process and patient selection.

18.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(4): 357-362, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567924

RESUMO

The impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on clinical outcomes of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) following fibrinolytic therapy remains uncertain. We queried the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) for STEMI patients who received fibrinolytic therapy. Categorical and continuous variables were compared using the unadjusted odds ratio (uOR) and t-test analysis, respectively. A binary logistic regression model was used to control the outcomes for patient demographics, procedural characteristics, and baseline comorbidities. A total of 111,155 (no-DM 84,146, DM 27,009) were included. The unadjusted odds of in-hospital mortality (8.4% vs. 6.8%, uOR 1.25, 95% CI 1.19-1.31, P = <0.0001) and cardiogenic shock (7.7% vs. 6.2%, uOR 1.26, 95% CI 1.20-1.33, P = <0.0001) were significantly higher in patients with DM compared to those with no DM, respectively. The odds for major bleeding and cardiopulmonary arrest were significantly lower for in diabetes. The adjusted pooled estimates mirrored the unadjusted findings. Diabetic patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy for STEMI might have higher odds of all-cause mortality and cardiogenic shock compared to non-diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Choque Cardiogênico/epidemiologia
19.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(4): 363-368, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615950

RESUMO

Background: The transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has recently gained traction as a viable alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), but data on its safety and clinical outcomes in transplant patients are limited.Methods: We retrieved relevant demographic and clinical outcome data from the U.S. National Inpatient Sample (NIS) for the year 2012-2015. The clinical outcomes of TAVR in renal transplant (RT) and liver transplant (LT) were ascertained using an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) on Mantzel-Hensel test.Results: A total of 62,399 TAVR patients were identified; 62,180 (99.6%) with no history of transplant, 219 (0.4%) with RT and 85 (0.1%) with LT. There was no significant difference in odds of in-hospital mortality (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.25-1.5, p = 0.37), major cardiovascular, respiratory or neurological complications in patients with and without RT. Similarly, the odds of cardiac complications, renal and neurological complications between patients with and without LT were identical.Conclusion: Compared to non-transplant patients, TAVR appears to be associated with similar odds of major systemic complications or mortality in patients with a history of kidney or liver transplant.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Transplante de Fígado , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Estados Unidos
20.
Artif Organs ; 45(8): 838-844, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559252

RESUMO

Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) candidacy screening includes evaluation for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, given current evidence, the impact of PAD on post-LVAD complications remains unknown. The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (2002-2017) was utilized to identify all LVAD cases. The in-hospital safety endpoints included major cardiovascular adverse events and its components. A propensity-matched analysis was used to obtain adjusted odds ratios (aOR). A subgroup analysis of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) with PAD was also performed. A total of 27 424 patients with LVAD implantation (PAD: 516 [1.8%] and no-PAD 26 908 [98.2%]) were included. There were significant intergroup differences in the demographics and baseline comorbidities. A weighted sample of 1053 (no-PAD 537, PAD 516) propensity-matched population was selected. The adjusted odds for in-hospital mortality (aOR 1.7; 95% CI, 1.2-2.44, P = .004) were found to be significantly higher for LVAD-patients with PAD. There was no significant difference in the adjusted odds of MACE (aOR 1.16, 95% CI 0.87-1.5), postprocedure bleeding (aOR 0.88, 95% CI 0.62-1.26, P = .54) and risk of pneumonia (aOR 0.67, 95% CI 0.44-1.15, P = .63) between the two groups. A selected cohort of DM-only population (7339) consistently showed a higher adjusted mortality rate in PAD patients with LVAD implantation (aOR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2-4.47, P = .01). The rate of MACE (P = .17), myocardial infarction (P = .12), stroke (P = .60), postprocedural (0.10), and major bleeding (P = .51) remained identical between patients with PAD and those with no-PAD. PAD confers an increased risk of in-hospital all-cause mortality in patients undergoing LVAD implantation. This risk increases further in patients with a concomitant diagnosis of DM.

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