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1.
Arab J Urol ; 17(3): 216-220, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489238

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) instillation in the bladder under the effect of low-energy shockwaves (LESWs) for the treatment of refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB). Patients and methods: A preliminary clinical study was conducted, including 15 patients with refractory OAB, between September 2016 and July 2017. Intravesical instillation of 100 IU of BoNT-A was done followed by LESWs (3000 shocks over 10 min) exposure to the supra-pubic area. Patients were followed-up by urine analysis, urine culture, post-void residual urine volume (PVR), and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) at 1, 2 and 3 months. Results: There were statistically significant improvements in all OABSS domains and the total score after 1 and 2 months of treatment (P < 0.05). Whereas, only the nocturia domain remained significantly improved after 3 months (P = 0.02). There was no significant increase in PVR throughout the study period (P > 0.05) and none of the patients required clean intermittent catheterisation. Two, two and three patients developed urinary tract infections after 1, 2 and 3 months, respectively. Conclusion: Intravesical instillation of BoNT-A and LESWs is safe and effective method for the treatment of refractory OAB with a durable response for 2 months. Abbreviations: BoNT-A: botulinum toxin A; CIC: clean intermittent catheterisation; DO: detrusor overactivity; LESWs: low-energy shockwaves; OAB: overactive bladder; OABSS: Overactive Bladder Symptom Score; Qmax: maximum urinary flow rate; QoL: quality of life; UUI: urgency urinary incontinence.

2.
Transplant Proc ; 51(6): 1773-1778, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255355

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Accepting donors with renal lesion amenable for pre-transplant management with no suspected long-term harm seems to expand the live-donor pool. We aimed to assess the long-term outcome of live-donor renal transplantation with incidentally discovered renal angiomyolipoma (AML) during routine evaluation of donors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of incidentally discovered AML, during live-related-donor evaluation, was performed. The tumor criteria were retrieved. In cases with exophytic tumor, a back-table, partial nephrectomy was done with frozen section to exclude malignancy. Endophytic lesions were kept in situ and transplanted. Both donor and recipient were followed up by periodic imaging. RESULTS: Among 2925 cases, 6 AML with a median volume of 0.96 (range, 0.5-2) cm2 were identified. The median recipients' age was 21 (range, 10-38) years and the median donors' age was 48 (range, 45-50). Two AML were exophytic and back-table partial nephrectomy was performed, while 4 were endophytic and kept in situ, and the kidney was transplanted. After a median follow-up of 82 (range, 25-150) months, 4 patients were alive with functioning grafts and 2 resumed hemodialysis 5 and 7 years after transplantation. There was no evidence of increase in the AML size or newly developed AML in the grafts. All donors were alive with normal renal function (mean ± standard deviation, serum creatinine was 0.9 ± 0.2 mg/dL) and none developed new AML in the remaining kidney. CONCLUSION: Incidentally discovered AML during live-donor evaluation is not a contraindication of donation after proper counseling of the couples and regular, periodic follow-up.


Assuntos
Angiomiolipoma/diagnóstico , Seleção do Doador , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Contraindicações de Procedimentos , Feminino , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Rim/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Transplantes/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Arab J Urol ; 17(2): 150-159, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285928

RESUMO

Objectives: To design a new canine model to assess the renoprotective effect of local sildenafil administration, as the renoprotective effect of systemic sildenafil administration in renal ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in animal models has been shown but its local effects have not been established to date. Materials and methods: In all, 120 dogs were assigned to five groups: sham, oral control (OC) group (right nephrectomy + left renal ischaemia for 60 min), oral sildenafil (OS) group (oral sildenafil 1 mg/kg, 60 min before ischaemia), local control (LC) group (local renal perfusion with saline and heparin for 5 min) and local sildenafil (LS) group (perfusion with sildenafil 0.5 mg/kg). Renal functions, histopathological changes, expression of caspase-3, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), inflammatory cytokines (intracellular adhesion molecule 1, tumour necrosis factor α and interleukin 1ß) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in renal tissues were assessed in all groups at 1, 3, 7 and 14 days. Results: There were significant improvements in renal functions and cortical and medullary damage scores in the sildenafil-treated groups compared to their control groups (P < 0.05). Also, the LS group showed significantly better improvement of renal functions and cortical and medullary damage scores than the OS group (P < 0.05). Moreover, sildenafil significantly decreased the expression of caspase-3 and inflammatory cytokines and increased the expression of Nrf2 and eNOS in renal tissue, which were statistically significant in the LS group. Conclusion: LS has a greater renoprotective effect against renal IR injury than systemic administration via anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic pathways. Abbreviations: BUN: blood urea nitrogen; Ct: cycle threshold; eNOS: endothelial nitric oxide synthase; GAPDH: glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase; H&E: haematoxylin and eosin; IL-1ß: interleukin 1ß; NO: nitric oxide; Nrf2: nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2; OC: oral control; OS: oral sildenafil; LC: local control; LS: local sildenafil.

4.
BJU Int ; 2019 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of tolterodine in the treatment of nocturnal urinary incontinence (NUI) after ileal orthotopic neobladder (ONB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective randomised placebo-controlled crossover study (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02877901). Patients with NUI after ONB were randomly allocated into two equal groups. Group T received 4 mg extended-release tolterodine at bed-time and Group P received placebo for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks of washout, then crossed over to the alternate therapy for 4 weeks. Patients were assessed by the number of pads used per night (PPN) and with the Arabic version of the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) at both phases of the study. The outcomes were the rate of NUI improvement and medication adverse events. RESULTS: Out of 172 patients, 150 and 122 patients were evaluated at both phases of the study. The mean ICIQ-SF scores and PPN were significantly decreased in Group T compared to Group P in both study phases (P < 0.001). In Group T, 15 (10%) and 11 (9%) patients became dry after the first allocation and crossover, respectively. In Group T, 60 (77.9%) patients reported improvement vs four (5.5%) in Group P (P < 0.001) after the first allocation. Similarly, 46 (73%) and seven (11.9%) patients showed improvement in groups T and P after the crossover, respectively (P < 0.001). Dry mouth occurred in 31 (20.8%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: Tolterodine seems to be a good choice for treatment of NUI after radical cystectomy and ONB. However, further studies are needed to delineate the long-term effects and the associated urodynamic characteristics.

5.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 49: 30-33, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Right retroperitoneal splenosis is rare with few reported cases. We report, here, the case of simultaneous peritoneal and retroperitoneal splenosis mimics metastatic right adrenal mass. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old man who had previously undergone post traumatic splenectomy at childhood and subsequently presented with an large incidental non-functioning right adrenal mass with presence of extra-hepatic peritoneal focal lesion diagnosed as metastasis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Adrenalectomy with metatstectomy was performed, and both masses were identified to be splenosis. DISCUSSION: Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) is defined as asymptomatic masses >1 cm. on cross-sectional imaging studies. AIs have significant malignant potential for masses > 6 cm. Splenosis are found most frequently in the left retroperitoneum in cases involving retroperitoneal splenosis. However, right retroperitoneal splenosis have been reported. Traditional imaging techniques cannot differentiate splenosis from malignancy. CONCLUSION: Large right adrenal incidentalomas present with other abdominal, peritoneal masses could be splenosis in patient following post-traumatic splenectomy.

6.
Urolithiasis ; 46(3): 291-296, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28555349

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine risk factors of hospital admission for treatment of complications after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). The electronic files and images of all patients who underwent SWL for treatment of renal stones between January 2011 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent SWL with the same electromagnetic lithotripter (Dornier Lithotripot S). The data of those who needed hospital admission for treatment of complications within 30 days after SWL were compared with patients who did not require hospital admission. Compared data included patients' demographics (age, gender, BMI, ASA score, and pre-SWL stenting), renal characters (side, hydronephrosis, and solitary kidney), and stone characters (site, length, density, and previous treatment). Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were used to identify risk factors. The study included 1179 patients. Complications that required hospital admission were observed in 108 patients (9.2%). They included obstructing steinstrasse in 91 (7.7%), peri-renal hematoma in 3 (0.25%), and fever (>38.0 °C) in 14 (1.2%). Independent risk factors on multivariate analysis were solitary kidney (OR 2.855, P = 0.017), pre-SWL stenting (RR 2.03, P = 0.044), ASA II (OR 1.965, P = 0.007), hydronephrosis (RR 1.639, P = 0.024), and stone length (RR 1.083, P < 0.001). Patients with medical co-morbidities, pre-SWL ureteral stents, large stones and those with obstructed and/or solitary renal unit are more liable to post-SWL complications that need hospital admission. The probability of hospital admission has to be explained to patients with these risk factors.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Hematoma/epidemiologia , Hematoma/etiologia , Humanos , Hidronefrose/epidemiologia , Hidronefrose/etiologia , Cálculos Renais/complicações , Litotripsia/instrumentação , Litotripsia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Rim Único/epidemiologia , Rim Único/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arab J Urol ; 15(2): 110-114, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To validate the Arabic version of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bladder (FACT-Bl) questionnaire in Egyptian patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC) and orthotopic neobladder (ONB) construction. PATIENTS SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The English version of the FACT-Bl was translated into the Arabic language using multi-step process by two urologist and two independent translators. The Arabic version was validated by inviting 90 patients who underwent RC and ONB and 72 normal individuals to complete the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested for internal consistency using the Cronbach's α test. Inter-domain association was tested by Spearman's correlation coefficient. The discrimination validity was measured by comparing the scores in RC patients and in normal individuals using the Mann-Whitney U-test and independent sample t-test. RESULTS: Internal consistency was high for all domains. There was high correlation between all domains. This high internal consistency and good correlation was maintained when assessment included patients with <7.5 and those with ≥7.5 years follow-up. Discrimination validation was confirmed by the statistically significant lower scores of all domains in the studied patients in comparison to the controls. CONCLUSION: The Arabic version of the FACT-Bl is a reliable and validated instrument that can be used to evaluate health-related quality of life in patients after RC and ONB.

8.
Arab J Urol ; 15(3): 216-222, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence, predictors and prognosis of bladder cancer recurrence after management of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who were surgically treated for UTUC from 1983 to 2013. The tumours were categorised according to the 1997 Tumour-Node-Metastasis (TNM) staging and the three-tiered World Health Organization grading systems. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of any intravesical recurrence after treatment. We studied the possible risk factors that may contribute to development of intravesical recurrence, as well as the prognosis of the patients who had recurrence. RESULTS: In all, 297 patients were eligible for analysis. Recurrent bladder tumours occurred in 139 patients (46.8%). The mean (range) time to recurrence after surgery was 33 (6-300) months. Neither sex, past history of bladder tumours, concomitant bladder tumour, the side of the tumour, UTUC stage, grade, presence of carcinoma in situ or multicentricity at the time of diagnosis of UTUC, were significant predictors of intravesical tumour recurrence. Ureteric tumour was the only identified risk factor (P = 0.02). Post-treatment bladder recurrence was a significant predictor of later urethral recurrence (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In our present series, bladder cancer recurrence of urothelial malignancy occurred in nearly half of the patients after surgical management of UTUC. Ureteric tumour was the only identifiable risk factor, thus patients with ureteric tumours may benefit from prophylactic intravesical chemoimmunotherapy. Bladder recurrence does not appear to affect the cancer-specific survival after surgical management of UTUC.

9.
Urol Oncol ; 35(12): 671.e11-671.e16, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28843339

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term cumulative incidence of chronic urinary retention (CUR) after radical cystectomy (RC) and orthotopic neobladder (ONB) in women and the possible risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a prospectively evaluated cohort of women for whom RC and ONB were performed. Patients in CUR were evaluated for the cumulative incidence of CUR using Kaplan-Meier curve and for the possible risk factors using log rank and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 234 women with mean age ± SD of 52.3 ± 9 years and a median (range) of follow-up of 92 (12-247) months were included. The incidence of CUR increased with time, where 12 (5.2%), 21 (8.97%), 35 (14.9%), 53 (22.6%), and 56 (24%) patients started clean intermittent catheterization in 1, 2, 2 to 5 years, 5 to 10 years, and after 10 years of follow-up, respectively. In univariate and multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus and urethral Kock pouch were independent predictors of CUR development (HR [95% CI] = 2.45 [1.2-5.1], and 2.1 [1.05-4.2], P = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively). Genital- sparing RC and surgical modification to provide pouch back support were independent factors that reduce CUR development (HR [95% CI] = 9.3 [1.25-69.9], and 2.1 [1.19-3.9], P = 0.02 and 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSION: The incidence of CUR after RC and ONB in women increases with time even after 10 years of follow-up. Presence of diabetes mellitus increases the risk of CUR development. Genital-sparing RC and modification to prevent CUR reduced the likelihood of CUR development.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Coletores de Urina , Retenção Urinária/diagnóstico , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , /estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Derivação Urinária/efeitos adversos , Retenção Urinária/etiologia
10.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 15(3): 277-281, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28587588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We report on the long-term follow-up of managing allograft stones at a single tertiary referral institution and review the relevant literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of renal allograft recipient charts was performed to identify patients who developed allograft lithiasis between 1974 and 2009. Patient and stone characteristics, diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes were described. RESULTS: Sixteen patients developed 22 stones after a median follow-up of 170 months (range, 51-351 mo). The mean (standard deviation) and median diameter of the stones were 13.8 (8.5) mm and 11 mm. Among these, 3 stones were treated conservatively, 3 by shock-wave lithotripsy, and 7 by cystolitholapaxy. Seven patients underwent percutaneous treatment in the form of percutaneous nephrostomy tube fixation and spontaneous passage of stone (1 stone), shock-wave lithotripsy (1 stone), antegrade stenting (1 stone), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (6 stones). All patients were stone free after treatment, except for 2 patients whose stones were stable and peripheral on long-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Allograft lithiasis requires a multimodal treatment tailored according to stone and graft characteristics. Protocols regarding spontaneous passage can be adopted if there is no harm to the graft and the patient is compliant. Careful attention to the anatomy during percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement is mandatory to avoid intestinal loop injury. A more attentive follow-up is required for early stone management.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Litotripsia , Nefrolitíase/terapia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Egito , Feminino , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitíase/diagnóstico , Nefrolitíase/etiologia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/instrumentação , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 49(8): 1327-1334, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28501912

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term renal function outcome of management of retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF)-induced ureteral obstruction. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with idiopathic RPF-induced ureteral obstruction were classified according to the management type into two groups, group A; managed by indwelling JJ stent and group B managed by ureterolysis and omental wrapping (UOR). The primary outcome was to define the long-term outcome of management on RF. It was evaluated by changes in serum creatinine and estimated GFR (eGFR) using Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation where 20% changes in eGFR is considered significant. The second outcome is to compare the outcomes between both groups. RESULTS: After 27.5 (1-124) months, median (range) follow-up, median (range) serum creatinine increased significantly from 1.5 (0.8-8.1) to 1.6 (1-12.1) mg/dl (p value =0.04) and eGFR showed non-statistical significant reduction from 43 (5-110) to 41 (5-88) ml/min/1.73 m2 (p value =0.3). Eight (22.2%), 12 (34.4%) and 16 (44.4%) patients showed stable, increased and decreased eGFR. Group A showed statistically significant increased serum creatinine and insignificant decreased eGFR (p value =0.04 and 0.09), while group B showed statistically insignificant changes in serum creatinine and eGFR (p value =0.5 and 0.9). In group B, nine (21.4%) renal units are still harboring JJ stents. CONCLUSION: For idiopathic RPF, UOR avoided indwelling ureteral stents in 78.6% of renal units with apparent better long-term renal function outcome.


Assuntos
Fibrose Retroperitoneal/complicações , Stents , Obstrução Ureteral/fisiopatologia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Adulto , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Obstrução Ureteral/etiologia
12.
Scand J Urol ; 51(2): 165-169, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28351191

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the incidence, severity, outcome and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in solitary kidneys. METHODS: The study included consecutive adult patients who underwent PNL for treatment of calculi in a solitary kidney between May 2012 and July 2015. Patients with congenital renal anomalies or with stages 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) were excluded. Serum creatinine levels were measured the day before PNL, daily after PNL for 2-5 days and after 3 months. AKI was depicted according to changes in early postoperative serum creatinine levels and its severity was determined based on the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification. The outcome of AKI was evaluated after 3 months by changes in the stage of CKD. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted to determine risk factors for developing AKI. RESULTS: The study included 100 patients (62 males) with a mean ± SD age of 50 ± 11.7 years. Complications were reported for 27 patients. AKI developed in 25 patients; at the 3 month follow-up, 23 of them (92%) had completely recovered from AKI and two (8%) had developed stage 4 CKD. Independent risk factors for developing AKI were multiple PNL tracts and postoperative ureteric obstruction (relative risks were 14 and 22, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of AKI was 25% after PNL for a solitary kidney. The likelihood of renal function recovery was 92%. Multiple PNL tracts and postoperative ureteric obstruction were risk factors for developing AKI.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
13.
Minerva Urol Nefrol ; 69(3): 262-270, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27681660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enough data about health related quality of life (HRQOL) after radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion (UD) in women is still lacking. The objectives are to evaluate HRQOL in women after RC and orthotopic neobladder (ONB) versus ileal loop conduit (IC) and to assess the impact of urinary continence. METHODS: The study included 145 women who underwent RC and came for routine follow-up. HRQOL was assessed by two questionnaires (EORTC-QLQ-C30and FACT-Bl). ONB group was stratified to: totally continent, with nocturnal incontinence (NI) and patients in chronic urinary retention (CUR) and maintained on CIC. The orthotopic group (as a whole and its 3 subgroups) was compared to IC. RESULTS: ONB group included 22 continent women, 35 with NI and 27 in CUR and on CIC. There were no statistically significant differences between ONB and IC groups in all domains of the two questionnaires. However, continent women showed statistically significant better most of EORTC-QLQ-C30 scales and emotional well-being, functional well-being, bladder cancer subscale and FACT-Bl total Score (P˂0.05) than IC group. Similarly, women in CUR showed statistically significant better global health and physical functioning EORTC-QLQ-C30 scores (P values=0.0001, 0.01) and all domains of FACT-Bl. On the other hand, women with NI showed statistically significant lower values in all domains of the EORTC-QLQ-C30 and FACT-Bl than IC group. CONCLUSIONS: In women, HRQOL is better after ONB than IC as long as continence status is preserved. If incontinence is expected, IC may be a better option for UD.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Enurese Noturna/fisiopatologia , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Derivação Urinária/efeitos adversos , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Retenção Urinária/fisiopatologia
14.
Urol Ann ; 8(1): 95-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26834412

RESUMO

"Inflammatory pseudotumor" (IPT) has infrequently been reported in the medical journals. A retrospective analysis was conducted among more than 2,000 bladder tumor cases from January 1999 to December 2012 looking for patients with IPT in the final diagnosis. Six patients were found with median tumor size of 3.5 cm (range: 3-8 cm); computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging was used to diagnose the tumor. All patients had complete resection of the tumors. On a median follow-up of 6 years (range: 2-10 years), no recurrences for IPT have been observed in all patients. We concluded that IPT is a rare disease of the urinary bladder and should be regarded with a high degree of suspicion. Although an extensive workup may be needed for definite diagnosis, it is worth to avoid unnecessary chemoradiotherapy or radical surgeries.

15.
Arab J Urol ; 13(4): 258-63, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26609444

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the probability of spontaneous stone passage and its predictors after drainage of obstructed kidney by JJ stent, as insertion of an internal ureteric stent is often used for renal drainage in cases of calcular ureteric obstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2011 and June 2013, patients for whom emergent drainage by ureteric stents were identified. The patients' demographics, presentation, and stone characteristics were reviewed. The primary endpoint for this study was stone-free status at the time of stent removal, where all patients underwent non-contrast spiral computed tomography (NCCT) before stent removal. Ureteroscopic stone extraction was performed for CT detectable ureteric stones at the time of stent removal. Potential factors affecting the need for ureteroscopic stone extraction at the time of stent removal were assessed using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. RESULTS: Emergent ureteric stents were undertaken in 196 patients (112 males, 84 females) with a mean (SD) age of 53.7 (16.2) years, for renal obstruction drainage. At the time of stent removal, 83 patients (42.3%) were stone free; with the remaining 113 patients (57.7%) undergoing ureteroscopic stone extraction. On multivariate analysis, stone width [odds ratio (OR) 15.849, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.83; P = 0.002) and radio-opaque stones (OR 12.035, 95% CI 4.65; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of the need for ureteroscopic stone extraction at the time of stent removal. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous ureteric stone passage is possible after emergent drainage of an obstructed kidney by ureteric stenting. Stone opacity, larger stone width, and positive preoperative urine culture are associated with a greater probability of requiring ureteroscopic stone extraction after emergent drainage by ureteric stenting.

16.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 47(11): 1907-15, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26377490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the possible renoprotective effect of sildenafil against renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and its effect on the expression of some antioxidant, antiapoptotic gene and proinflammatory cytokine genes in rat model of renal I/R injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty male Sprague Dawley rats were subdivided into three equal groups: sham (underwent right nephrectomy without ischemia), control (underwent right nephrectomy and left ischemia for 45 min) and study [as control with 1 mg/kg sildenafil (per oral) 60 min before anesthesia]. Serum creatinine and BUN were measured at the baseline and the study endpoints (2, 24, 48 h and 7 days), and the left kidney was harvested at study endpoints for histopathological examination as well as for assessment of the expression of antioxidant genes (Nrf-2, HO-1 and NQO-1), antiapoptotic gene (Bcl-2) and inflammatory cytokines, e.g., TNF-a, IL-1ß and ICAM-1. RESULTS: I/R caused significant increase in serum creatinine, BUN, histopathological damage score (p < 0.001) and significant reduction in antioxidant genes (nrf2, HO-1 and NQO-1) and antiapoptotic gene (Bcl2) with significant increase in TNF-a, IL-1ß and ICAM-1 genes in kidney tissues. Pretreatment with sildenafil caused significant attenuation of serum creatinine and BUN as well as significant increase in the expression of antioxidant genes and Bcl-2 genes with significant reduction in the expression of proinflammatory cytokine genes (p value < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The renoprotective effect of sildenafil against renal I/R might be due to the activation of antioxidant genes (Nrf2, HO-1 and NQO-1) and antiapoptotic gene (Bcl2) and attenuation of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-a, IL-1ß and ICAM-1).


Assuntos
Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Citrato de Sildenafila/farmacologia , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Creatinina/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Masculino , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Nefrectomia , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Citrato de Sildenafila/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Isquemia Quente/efeitos adversos
17.
J Endourol ; 29(9): 1070-5, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25793431

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of missed internal ureteral stents (IUS) on renal function and to describe different modalities of management and associated morbidity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study included patients with missed IUS (>1 year). The complications of missed IUS were categorized according to the forgotten, encrusted, calcified (FECal) grading system. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation at time of initial stent placement and time of stent removal. An age- and sex-matched group of patients who had IUS and had available follow-up for the same duration of the study group were used as a control. RESULTS: A total of 46 missed IUS in 46 patients were included. Complicated stents were reported in 34 (73.9%) patients. FECal grade 1 was reported in 16 (57.2%) patients followed by grade 2 and 4 in 5 (17.8%) patients each. Retrograde removal, visual cystolitholapaxy, ureteroscopy with laser disintegration of encrustations and combined retrograde and antegrade approach have been used in 21, 5, 10, and 9 patients, respectively. In the missed IUS group, the mean±standard deviation (SD) eGFR has declined from 65.5±26.3 mL/min/1.73m(2) to 54.3±30 mL/min/1.73m(2) (P=0.001). While in the control group, the mean±SD eGFR has increased from 57.5±30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) to 66.7±27 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Missed IUS were associated with significant complications that necessitated more invasive intervention. In addition, IUS had a negative impact on renal function at time of removal.


Assuntos
Rim/cirurgia , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Ureter/cirurgia , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Remoção de Dispositivo , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Nefropatias/patologia , Nefropatias/cirurgia , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int J Urol ; 21(10): 999-1004, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24861882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To report a high-volume institution experience with salvage techniques for vascular accidents during live donor renal allotransplantation. METHODS: Between March 1976 and January 2011, 2208 recipients underwent live donor renal allotransplantation. A retrospective review of recipients with vascular accidents - renal artery thrombosis and renal vein thrombosis - was carried out. Salvage procedures were recorded and their outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 23 (1%) vascular accidents occurred, including renal artery thrombosis and renal vein thrombosis in 19 (0.8%) and four (0.18%) recipients, respectively. All renal artery thrombosis patients were treated by open revascularization and the graft was salvaged in 12 patients (63%). Two renal vein thrombosis events were resolved by percutaneous catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy. Of the other two allografts, one was salvaged by thrombectomy and revascularization, and the other was lost. On univariable analysis, older recipients (P = 0.003), pretransplant hypertension (P = 0.001), more human leukocyte antigen mismatches (≥3; P = 0.036), shorter ischemia time (≤45 min; P = 0.004) and longer time to diagnosis (>3.5 days; P = 0.013) were significantly associated with non-salvage of the graft after vascular accidents. Nevertheless, none of these variables were significant on the multivariable analysis. Over a median follow up of 35 months, the median (range) serum creatinine was 2 mg/dL (range 0.8-8.8 mg/dL), and 11 (79%) recipients were living with functioning grafts. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the devastating complications, vascular accidents are salvageable and revascularization is crucial for graft salvage. Angiographic percutaneous techniques are viable alternatives for renal vein thrombosis.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/terapia , Veias Renais , Terapia de Salvação , Terapia Trombolítica , Trombose/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Aloenxertos , Criança , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/imunologia , Antígenos HLA , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/diagnóstico , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Isquemia Quente , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int J Urol ; 21(9): 887-92, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24684718

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess health-related quality of life, and the impact of night-time incontinence and chronic urinary retention on health-related quality of life in women with bladder cancer after radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder. METHODS: The study included 74 women who underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder, and completed 1 year of follow up. Health-related quality of life was evaluated using the questionnaires of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy bladder cancer-specific form. Health-related quality of life was compared with an age-matched control group. The impact of night-time incontinence and chronic urinary retention on health-related quality of life was assessed. RESULTS: The study group included 18 completely continent patients with spontaneous voiding, 29 with night-time incontinence and 27 with chronic urinary retention. The study group was statistically significantly lower in all domains of health-related quality of life than the control group. In all domains of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy bladder cancer-specific form, completely continent women were comparable with those with chronic urinary retention. Women with night-time incontinence had a significantly worse health-related quality of life than completely continent women, shown by the mean global health score (P = 0.038), social functioning score (P = 0.012), pain European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Quality of Life Questionnaire score (P = 0.04), and functional well-being Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy bladder cancer-specific form (P = 0.049) score. CONCLUSIONS: After radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder in women, health-related quality of life is lower than that of the normal population. Night-time incontinence has a negative impact on social life and most domains of health-related quality of life. Thus, night-time incontinence has a higher social impact than chronic urinary retention.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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