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1.
Cureus ; 12(10): e11077, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224671

RESUMO

Budd-Chiari associated with celiac disease is a rare phenomenon in the medical literature with annual incidence of less than five per million. The majority of the cases are reported from the North African region. Our patient presented in the out-patient department with symptoms of progressive abdominal distension, diffuse abdominal pain and shortness of breath for one year. She was a known case of celiac disease for the last three years. The clinical examination revealed ascites, jaundice, decreased air entry in basal segments bilaterally, and multiple hemangiomas all over the body. Haematological and biochemical investigations, including levels of pro-thrombotic factors and homocysteine level, turned out to be normal. However, computed tomography (CT) revealed hepatic vein obstruction. Hence, a diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome was confirmed. The patient was managed with anticoagulants, diuretics and gluten-free diet. Within a month, the patient showed marked improvement with a significant reduction in ascites. To the best of our knowledge, this rare association is the first case to be reported from Pakistan and third from the region of South Asia.

2.
Cureus ; 12(9): e10361, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062484

RESUMO

Metallosis is a very rare condition that poses a diagnostic challenge. Its precise incidence is not known and the condition should be suspected in patients who present with the clinical signs and symptoms discussed below. In particular, physicians and surgeons should pay special attention to whether metal prosthesis has been used for fracture repair or joint function. Here we report the case of a 40-year-old male who presented at an orthopedic surgery outpatient department in a tertiary care hospital with pain in the right distal thigh that had been ongoing for three months and swelling that had been ongoing for two months. According to the patient, he had received an operation for a right-sided distal femur fracture that was fixed with plate at a different hospital one year prior. Despite receiving all the appropriate physical exams and labs, and getting a radiologic workup, the diagnosis was unclear, and ultimately surgical exploration was conducted, which led to the diagnosis of metallosis. Although metallosis is a well-known complication, due to its rarity, physicians and surgeons often forget to keep metallosis as a differential that leads to diagnostic difficulties.

3.
Cureus ; 12(8): e10151, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33014649

RESUMO

Chest wall hematoma commonly occurs as a result of blunt thoracic trauma. We report an intriguing case of spontaneous lateral chest wall hematoma that presented with right scapular swelling and tenderness on palpation having hemodynamic instability without any prior history of recent trauma or surgery. Chest x-ray and ultrasound were carried out at the time of admission to evaluate the swelling, followed by contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) of the chest to identify and localize the bleeder. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) of the intercostal artery was performed to treat the condition successfully. CECT is found to be vitally important in localizing bleeders. Other possible options include exploratory thoracotomy, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) exploration, and angiography.

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