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1.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(8): 1049-1051, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404074

RESUMO

The rate of aging in Japan has currently exceeded 28.1%. Moreover, it is expected that the rate of aging will continue to increase in the future. Under these circumstances, the opportunities to treat breast cancer in the super-elderly individuals are elevating. Here, we summarized and examined the cases who were 85 years or above in age and diagnosed with breast cancer at our hospital during the last 10 years. There were 29 cases(30 breasts), who were all female, with an average age of 89.6 years. Dementia coexisted in 17 cases, and an enlarged mass was the trigger for the discovery in most cases. For breast cancer in super-elderly females, it is necessary to treat it in the right proportion. Moreover, it is considered that the treatment policy should be decided considering the presence or absence of dementia and comorbidities. Also, the treatment regime should be decided upon full consultation with the surroundings, such as family members and long-term care facilities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia
2.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(7): 955-957, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267035

RESUMO

The case involved a 51-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Stage Ⅰ right breast cancer(cT1, N0, M0). Partial resection of the right breast and sentinel lymph node biopsy were performed. The histological type was found to be Stage Ⅰ triple-negative medullary carcinoma with pT1c, pN0(sn), and M0. A pituitary tumor was diagnosed after discharge. After removal of the pituitary tumor, whole-breast irradiation was performed. Subsequently, chemotherapy was started. Approximately 5 months after surgery, redness and swelling of the right breast were observed. Inflammatory breast cancer recurrence could not be ruled out by imaging, and skin biopsy was performed. No malignant findings were observed, and the symptoms were considered to indicate radiation recall dermatitis caused by chemotherapy. When chemotherapy was discontinued, the redness of the right breast improved.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Inflamatórias Mamárias , Radiodermatite , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Inflamatórias Mamárias/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Radiodermatite/diagnóstico , Radiodermatite/etiologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
3.
J Surg Case Rep ; 2020(10): rjaa296, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072250

RESUMO

Conventional jejunal reconstruction procedures for large duodenal defects include jejunal serosal patch repair and duodenojejunostomy and have some risks of postoperative complications. The pedicled jejunal flap is used for reconstruction following laryngopharyngectomy, esophagectomy and other gastrointestinal surgeries. We report two cases of successful closure of duodenal defects after partial duodenectomies by pedicled jejunal flap reconstruction. Case 1: A 72-year-old man was diagnosed with gastrointestinal stromal tumor by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy and computed tomography (CT). Case 2: A 63-year-old woman was diagnosed with early duodenal cancer using EGD and CT. Partial duodenectomy and pedicled jejunal flap reconstruction were performed in both patients. A part of the jejunum was formed into a pedicled flap to fit the duodenal defect and duodenojejunal anastomosis was performed. The patients did not report any postoperative gastrointestinal symptoms or abnormal findings during follow-up EGD or upper gastrointestinal radiography.

4.
Am J Case Rep ; 21: e922405, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Strangulation ileus is caused by external obstruction to the small bowel, which results in ischemia and loss of bowel peristalsis. Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) is a low-grade adenocarcinoma that arises in the appendix. LAMN is usually asymptomatic but can present with appendiceal rupture and pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). This report is of a rare presentation of LAMN with strangulation ileus in a 92-year-old man. CASE REPORT A 92-year-old man was admitted to the emergency room with sudden onset of lower abdominal pain and abdominal distension. Laboratory investigations showed a leukocytosis with a white blood cell (WBC) count of 14.6×10³/µL with 85.5% neutrophils, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of 26.6 mg/dL, and serum creatinine of 2.6 mg/dL, consistent with acute renal failure. Arterial blood gas analysis showed lactic acidosis (pH of 7.11) with a base excess of -20.8 mmol/L and lactate of 13.7 mmol/L. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed ascites and a dilated obstructed closed loop of the distal ileum associated with an external mass (3.9×2.8 cm). An initial diagnosis was of strangulation ileus due to Meckel's diverticulum. Emergency ileocecal resection was performed. Histopathology showed a low-grade mucinous tumor arising from the mucosa of the appendix, consistent with LAMN. At a 13-month follow-up, the patient was well with no tumor recurrence. CONCLUSIONS This report is of a rare case of LAMN that presented as a surgical emergency with strangulation ileus.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/complicações , Neoplasias do Apêndice/complicações , Íleus/etiologia , Divertículo Ileal/etiologia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Apêndice/cirurgia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Íleus/cirurgia , Masculino , Divertículo Ileal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5393-5401, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Local recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after thermal coagulation therapy may be associated with an aggressive phenotypic change. This study focused on the thermal effects on HCC cells and evaluated the heat shock response and phenotypic changes after heat treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HepG2 and HuH7 cells were used. After heat treatment at 37-50°C for 5-30 min, we assessed their survival rate, induction of heat shock protein (HSP)70 promoter, proliferation rate, induction of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer stem cell (CSC)-related markers. RESULTS: Induction of HSP70 promoter per surviving cell was maximized after 10 min of heat treatment at 48°C. Induction of EMT and CSC-related markers was also observed. CONCLUSION: Sub-lethal heat treatment causes large heat shock response to surviving HCC cells and induce EMT-like and CSC-like phenotypic changes that might contribute to increased aggressiveness.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Am J Case Rep ; 19: 133-136, 2018 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29402880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Primary small bowel cancer is a rare malignancy; the common histopathological types are carcinoid and adenocarcinoma. Inflammatory bowel diseases and familial adenomatous polyposis are known risk factors for small bowel cancer. Additionally, cases of surgery-induced small bowel adenocarcinoma are sometimes reported after ileostomy. CASE REPORT A 84-year-old woman, who had undergone ileotransversostomy for intestinal obstruction due to postoperative adhesion following appendectomy at the age of 31 years, was referred to our hospital for further examination after experiencing abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant for 2 weeks. Laboratory data showed elevated serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, 102.9 ng/ml) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9, 104 U/ml). Enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a 10-cm mass in the terminal ileum and a distention of the ileum and colon in the blind loop, with retention of feces. The patient was suspected of having ileal cancer by preoperative examination; therefore, right hemicolectomy with en bloc resection was performed. The tumor was histopathologically diagnosed as a well-differentiated and mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ileum. At over 12 months after surgery, tumor recurrence had not been observed. CONCLUSIONS Difficulties in diagnosis can cause delays in treatment and lead to poor prognosis, mainly because tumors in the small bowel rarely cause clinical symptoms. Adenocarcinoma of the ileum should be considered in postoperative patients with ileotransversostomy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Íleo/diagnóstico , Ileostomia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apendicectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Íleo/cirurgia , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo
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