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BMJ Open ; 11(2): e041723, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33574146


OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, predictors and case fatality risk of hypothermia among neonates in Lira district, Northern Uganda. SETTING: Three subcounties of Lira district in Northern Uganda. DESIGN: This was a community-based cross-sectional study nested in a cluster randomised controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Mother-baby pairs enrolled in a cluster randomised controlled trial. An axillary temperature was taken during a home visit using a lithium battery-operated digital thermometer. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: The primary outcome measure was the prevalence of hypothermia. Hypothermia was defined as mild if the axillary temperature was 36.0°C to <36.5°C, moderate if the temperature was 32.0°C to <36.0°C and severe hypothermia if the temperature was <32.0°C. The secondary outcome measure was the case fatality risk of neonatal hypothermia. Predictors of moderate to severe hypothermia were determined using a generalised estimating equation model for the Poisson family. RESULTS: We recruited 1330 neonates. The prevalence of hypothermia (<36.5°C) was 678/1330 (51.0%, 95% CI 46.9 to 55.1). Overall, 32% (429/1330), 95% CI 29.5 to 35.2 had mild hypothermia, whereas 18.7% (249/1330), 95% CI 15.8 to 22.0 had moderate hypothermia. None had severe hypothermia. At multivariable analysis, predictors of neonatal hypothermia included: home birth (adjusted prevalence ratio, aPR, 1.9, 95% CI 1.4 to 2.6); low birth weight (aPR 1.7, 95% CI 1.3 to 2.3) and delayed breastfeeding initiation (aPR 1.2, 95% CI 1.0 to 1.5). The case fatality risk ratio of hypothermic compared with normothermic neonates was 2.0 (95% CI 0.60 to 6.9). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of neonatal hypothermia was very high, demonstrating that communities in tropical climates should not ignore neonatal hypothermia. Interventions designed to address neonatal hypothermia should consider ways of reaching neonates born at home and those with low birth weight. The promotion of early breastfeeding initiation and skin-to-skin care could reduce the risk of neonatal hypothermia. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: as NCT02605369.

PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240409, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048971


INTRODUCTION: Deaths during the perinatal period remain a big challenge in Africa, with 38 deaths per 1000 pregnancies in Uganda. The consequences of these deaths can be detrimental to the women; some ending up with postpartum depression. We examined the association between perinatal death and postpartum depression among women in Lira district, Northern Uganda. METHODS: We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study of 1,789 women. Trained research assistants screened women for postpartum depressive symptoms on day 50 postpartum using the Edinburgh postpartum depression scale (EPDS). Socio-demographic, economic, birth and survival status of the neonate were collected during pregnancy and within one week postpartum. We used generalized estimating equation for the Poisson family with a log link using Stata to estimate the prevalence ratio of the association between postpartum depressive symptoms (EPDS scores ≥14) and perinatal death. Mothers who lost their babies between 7-49 days postpartum were excluded. RESULTS: Of the 1,789 participants symptomatically screened for postpartum depression, 377 (21.1%) [95% confidence interval (95%CI): 17.2%, 23.0%] had probable depressive symptoms. The prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms among the 77 women who had experienced perinatal death (37 stillbirths and 40 early neonatal deaths (≤7 days of life)) was 62.3% [95% CI: 50.8%, 72.6%] compared to 19.2% [95% CI: 17.4%, 21.2%], among 1,712 with live infants at day 50 postpartum. Women who had experienced a perinatal death were three times as likely to have postpartum depressive symptoms as those who had a live birth [adjusted prevalence ratio 3.45 (95% CI: 2.67, 4.48)]. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms, assessed by EPDS, was high among women who had had a perinatal death in Northern Uganda. Women experiencing a perinatal death need to be screened for postpartum depressive symptoms in order to intervene and reduce associated morbidity.

BMC Res Notes ; 7: 153, 2014 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24636154


BACKGROUND: Uganda has one of the highest total fertility rates globally and in Sub-Saharan Africa. Her high fertility is mainly attributed to the high unmet need for family planning. Use of Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) is low (13%) in Uganda yet they are the most cost-effective contraceptives. This study aimed to assess the reproductive aged women's knowledge, attitudes, and factors associated with use of LARC. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 565 women (15-49 years) attending private and public health facilities in Lubaga division, Kampala district. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to measure knowledge, attitudes and factors associated with use of LARC; Intra-Uterine Devices, Implants and Injectables. The outcome variable was current use of LARC. A generalized linear regression model was run in STATA version12.0. Prevalence Risk Ratios for associations between current LARC use and independent factors were obtained and regarded significant at 95% CI with p < 0.05. RESULTS: Mean age (SD) and current use of LARC was 26.34 (5.35) and 31.7% respectively. Factors associated with current use of LARC were; previous use adj.PRR 2.89; (95% CI 2.29, 3.81), knowledge of implant administration site adj.PRR 1.83; (95% CI 1.17, 2.87), and perception that; male partner decisions positively influence their contraceptive choices adj.PRR 1.49; (95% CI 1.18, 1.88). Contrary, perception that LARC should be used by married women was negatively associated with use of LARC adj.PRR 0.63; (95% CI 0.44, 0.90). CONCLUSION: Knowledge about site of administration, previous use of LARC and women's attitude that male partners' choice influence their contraceptive decisions were positively associated with current use of LARC. Contrary, the attitude that LARC was for married women was negatively associated with its use. This study suggests a need to strengthen client education about LARC to dispel possible myths and to consider integrating male partner's decision making in contraceptive choices for women.

Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoncepcionais Femininos/uso terapêutico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Uganda , Adulto Jovem
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 123(2): 150-4, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23992659


OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether disclosure of HIV status is associated with use of modern contraceptives (MCs) among women attending HIV care services at an AIDS Information Center (AIC) in an urban setting in Uganda. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study between March and April 2010, HIV-positive married women aged 15-49years who had received their HIV-positive serostatus results at least 4weeks previously were interviewed at the AIC, Kampala, Uganda. Female use of MCs was compared by HIV disclosure to male marital partners. Log-binomial regression models were used to obtain crude and adjusted prevalence risk ratios (PRRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Nearly three-quarters (72.6%) of the women had disclosed their HIV-positive status to their partner. Overall, use of MCs was reported by 41.0% of the participants. Use of only 1 MC method was similar between those disclosing (81.1%) and those not disclosing (84.3%), but use of dual methods tended to be higher among disclosers (14.4%) than among non-disclosers (10.8%). In adjusted analyses, MC use was 41.0% lower among disclosers than among non-disclosers (adjusted PRR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.46-0.77). CONCLUSION: HIV serostatus disclosure was associated with lower use of MCs among HIV-positive women in Kampala, Uganda.

Anticoncepção/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Soropositividade para HIV/epidemiologia , Revelação da Verdade , Adolescente , Adulto , Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoncepcionais/administração & dosagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Parceiros Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Uganda/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem