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1.
Eur Thyroid J ; 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between serum free T3 (FT3), C-reactive protein (CRP), and all-cause mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: Prospective multicentre longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: Between December 2014 and December 2016, thyroid function and CRP were analysed in AMI (both ST- and non-ST-elevation) patients from the ThyrAMI-1 study. The relationship of FT3 and CRP at baseline with all-cause mortality up to June 2020 was assessed. Mediation analysis was performed to evaluate if CRP mediated the relationship between FT3 and mortality. RESULTS: In 1919 AMI patients [29.2% women, mean (SD) age 64.2 (12.1) years and 48.7% STEMI] followed over a median (inter-quartile range) period of 51 (46 to 58) months, there were 277 (14.4%) deaths. Overall, lower serum FT3 and higher CRP levels were associated with higher risk of mortality. When divided into tertiles based on levels of FT3 and CRP, the group with the lowest FT3 and highest CRP levels had 2.5-fold increase in mortality risk [adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) of 2.48 (1.82 to 3.16)] compared to the group with the highest FT3 and lowest CRP values. CRP mediated 9.8% (95% confidence interval 6.1 to 15.0%) of the relationship between FT3 and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In AMI patients, lower serum FT3 levels on admission are associated with a higher mortality risk, which is partly mediated by inflammation. Adequately designed trials to explore potential benefits of T3 in AMI patients are required.

2.
Int J Cardiol ; 347: 1-7, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury remains a major clinical problem in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), leading to myocardial damage despite early reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). There are no effective therapies to limit ischemia-reperfusion injury, which is caused by multiple pathways activated by rapid tissue reoxygenation and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). FDY-5301 contains sodium iodide, a ubiquitous inorganic halide and elemental reducing agent that can act as a catalytic anti-peroxidant. We tested the feasibility, safety and potential utility of FDY-5301 as a treatment to limit ischemia-reperfusion injury, in patients with first-time STEMI undergoing emergency PPCI. METHODS: STEMI patients (n = 120, median 62 years) presenting within 12 h of chest pain onset were randomized at 20 PPCI centers, in a double blind Phase 2 clinical trial, to receive FDY-5301 (0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg) or placebo prior to reperfusion, to evaluate the feasibility endpoints. Participants underwent continuous ECG monitoring for 14 days after PPCI to address pre-specified cardiac arrhythmia safety end points and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 72 h and at 3 months to assess exploratory efficacy end points. RESULTS: Intravenous FDY-5301 was delivered before re-opening of the infarct-related artery in 97% participants and increased plasma iodide levels ~1000-fold within 2 min. There was no significant increase in the primary safety end point of incidence of cardiac arrhythmias of concern. MRI at 3 months revealed median final infarct sizes in placebo vs. 2.0 mg/kg FDY-5301-treated patients of 14.9% vs. 8.5%, and LV ejection fractions of 53.9% vs. 63.2%, respectively, although the study was not powered to detect statistical significance. In patients receiving FDY-5301, there was a significant reduction in the levels of MPO, MMP2 and NTproBNP after PPCI, but no reduction with placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous FDY-5301, delivered immediately prior to PPCI in acute STEMI, is feasible, safe, and shows potential efficacy. A larger trial is justified to test the effects of FDY-5301 on acute ischemia-reperfusion injury and clinical outcomes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: CT.govNCT03470441; EudraCT 2017-000047-41.

3.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617993

RESUMO

AIMS: The SYNTAX II study evaluated the impact of advances in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), integrated into a single revascularization strategy, on outcomes of patients with de novo three-vessel disease. The study employed decision-making utilizing the SYNTAX score II, use of coronary physiology, thin-strut biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents, intravascular ultrasound, enhanced treatments of chronic total occlusions, and optimized medical therapy. Patients treated with this approach were compared with predefined patients from the SYNTAX I trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: SYNTAX II was a multicentre, single-arm, open-label study of patients requiring revascularization who demonstrated clinical equipoise for treatment with either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or PCI, predicted by the SYNTAX score II. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), which included any revascularization. The comparators were a matched PCI cohort trial and a matched CABG cohort, both from the SYNTAX I trial. At 5 years, MACCE rate in SYNTAX II was significantly lower than in the SYNTAX I PCI cohort (21.5% vs. 36.4%, P < 0.001). This reflected lower rates of revascularization (13.8% vs. 23.8%, P < 0.001), and myocardial infarction (MI) (2.7% vs. 10.4%, P < 0.001), consisting of both procedural MI (0.2% vs. 3.8%, P < 0.001) and spontaneous MI (2.3% vs. 6.9%, P = 0.004). All-cause mortality was lower in SYNTAX II (8.1% vs. 13.8%, P = 0.013) reflecting a lower rate of cardiac death (2.8% vs. 8.4%, P < 0.001). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events' outcomes at 5 years among patients in SYNTAX II and predefined patients in the SYNTAX I CABG cohort were similar (21.5% vs. 24.6%, P = 0.35). CONCLUSIONS: Use of the SYNTAX II PCI strategy in patients with de novo three-vessel disease led to improved and durable clinical results when compared to predefined patients treated with PCI in the original SYNTAX I trial. A predefined exploratory analysis found no significant difference in MACCE between SYNTAX II PCI and matched SYNTAX I CABG patients at 5-year follow-up.

4.
World J Cardiol ; 13(9): 472-482, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621492

RESUMO

Statins have been shown to be effective in reducing cardiovascular events. Their magnitude of benefits has been proportionate to the reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c). Intensive lipid-lowering therapies using ezetimibe and more recently proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 inhibitors have further improved clinical outcomes. Unselective application of these treatments is undesirable and unaffordable and, therefore, has been guided by LDL-c level. Nonetheless, the residual risk in the post-statin era is markedly heterogeneous, including thrombosis and inflammation risks. Moreover, the lipo-protein related risk is increasingly recognised to be related to other non-LDL-c markers such as Lp(a). Emerging data show that intensive lipid-lowering therapy produce larger absolute risk reduction in patients with polyvascular disease, post coronary artery bypass graft and diabetes. Notably, these clinical entities share similar phenotype of large burden of atherosclerotic plaques. Novel plaque imaging may aid decision making by identifying patients with propensity to develop lipid rich plagues at multi-vascular sites. Those patients may be suitable candidates for intensive lipid lowering treatment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical outcomes in high bleeding risk (HBR) patients with and without complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treated with Resolute Onyx zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES) after 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). BACKGROUND: PCI with 1-month DAPT has been demonstrated to be safe in HBR patients treated with Resolute Onyx ZES. Whether these outcomes are consistent in patients with complex lesions is uncertain. METHODS: Among HBR patients who were event-free 1 month after PCI with ZES and treated thereafter with single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT), the clinical outcomes between 1 month and 1 year were compared after complex PCI (3 vessels treated, ≥ 3 lesions treated, total stent length > 60 mm, bifurcation with ≥ 2 stents implanted, atherectomy, or left main, surgical bypass graft or chronic total occlusion PCI) versus noncomplex PCI. Propensity score adjustment was performed to adjust for baseline differences among complex and noncomplex patients. RESULTS: Complex patients (N = 401, 26.6% of total) had a higher prevalence of hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus and previous myocardial infarction (MI). Between 1 month and 1 year, rates of MI (7.1% vs. 4.0%, p = 0.02) and cardiac death/MI (9.3% vs. 6.1%, p = 0.04) were higher among complex versus noncomplex patients, although stent thrombosis rates were similar. After adjustment for baseline characteristics, differences in outcomes were no longer significant between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Higher rates of ischemic outcomes in complex PCI patients were largely explained by baseline clinical differences, rather than lesion complexity, among HBR patients treated with 1-month DAPT following PCI with Resolute Onyx ZES.

6.
World J Cardiol ; 13(8): 361-371, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coexistent coronary artery disease is commonly seen in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Previous studies showed that pre-TAVI coronary revascularisation was not associated with improved outcomes, challenging the clinical value of routine coronary angiogram (CA). AIM: To assess whether a selective approach to perform pre-TAVI CA is safe and feasible. METHODS: This was a retrospective non-randomised single-centre analysis of consecutive patients undergoing TAVI. A selective approach for performing CA tailored to patient clinical need was developed. Clinical outcomes were compared based on whether patients underwent CA. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infraction, repeat CA, and re-admission with heart failure. RESULTS: Of 348 patients (average age 81 ± 7 and 57% male) were included with a median follow up of 19 (9-31) mo. One hundred and fifty-four (44%) patients, underwent CA before TAVI procedure. Patients who underwent CA were more likely to have previous myocardial infarction (MI) and previous percutaneous revascularisation. The primary endpoint was comparable between the two group (22.6% vs 22.2%; hazard ratio 1.05, 95%CI: 0.67-1.64, P = 0.82). Patients who had CA were less likely to be readmitted with heart failure (P = 0.022), but more likely to have repeat CA (P = 0.002) and MI (P = 0.007). In those who underwent CA, the presence of flow limiting lesions did not affect the incidence of primary endpoint, or its components, except for increased rate of repeat CA. CONCLUSION: Selective CA is a feasible and safe approach. The clinical value of routine CA should be challenged in future randomised trials.

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(18): 1965-1974, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine if percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) prior to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with significant coronary artery disease would produce noninferior clinical results when compared with no PCI (control arm). BACKGROUND: PCI in patients undergoing TAVR is not without risk, and there are no randomized data to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis and significant coronary artery disease with Canadian Cardiovascular Society class ≤2 angina were randomly assigned to receive PCI or no PCI prior to TAVR. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death or rehospitalization at 1 year. Noninferiority testing (prespecified margin of 7.5%) was performed in the intention-to-treat population. RESULTS: At 17 centers, 235 patients underwent randomization. At 1 year, the primary composite endpoint occurred in 48 (41.5%) of the PCI arm and 47 (44.0%) of the no-PCI arm. The requirement for noninferiority was not met (difference: -2.5%; 1-sided upper 95% confidence limit: 8.5%; 1-sided noninferiority test P = 0.067). On analysis of the as-treated population, the difference was -3.7% (1-sided upper 95% confidence limit: 7.5%; P = 0.050). Mortality was 16 (13.4%) in the PCI arm and 14 (12.1%) in the no-PCI arm. At 1 year, there was no evidence of a difference in the rates of stroke, myocardial infarction, or acute kidney injury, with higher rates of any bleed in the PCI arm (P = 0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Observed rates of death and rehospitalization at 1 year were similar between PCI and no PCI prior to TAVR; however, the noninferiority margin was not met, and PCI resulted in a higher incidence of bleeding. (Assessing the Effects of Stenting in Significant Coronary Artery Disease Prior to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation; ISRCTN75836930).


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Canadá , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Health Sci Rep ; 4(3): e307, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34401520

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Coronary calcification remains a significant challenge for the contemporary interventional cardiologist. We aim to describe the use of intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) in a range of real-world settings. Methods: A retrospective two-center analysis of patients treated with IVL between June 2018 and November 2019. Technical and procedural success, as well as procedural complications and 30-day outcomes (death, myocardial infarction, or repeat target vessel revascularization), was recorded. Results: Sixty-five patients underwent IVL: 80% were male and the mean age was 70.1 ± 12.0 years. 54% of patients presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 68% of patients had intracoronary imaging. Twelve patients required IVL within pre-existing stents, and 12 underwent IVL in the left main stem. All balloons were successfully delivered with 98.5% procedural success. There was a significant gain in MLA post PCI of 261.9 ± 100% following IVL. There were two procedural complications. At 30-day follow-up, there was one death, and one patient required a repeat procedure due to stent underexpansion. Conclusions: In this largest real-world series of imaging-guided IVL for calcified lesions to date, we demonstrate that IVL is deliverable, safe, and effective at calcium modification especially when intracoronary imaging is used.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To asses mid-term clinical outcomes of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) for the treatment of coronary artery disease in a large-scale all-comers population. BACKGROUND: Several clinical settings are underrepresented in randomized studies investigating BVS against drug-eluting stents. Whether their results can be translated into the heterogeny patient population seen during daily routine requires further investigation. METHODS: The European ABSORB Consortium comprises the following European registries: GABI-R, ABSORB UK Registry, ABSORB France, BVS RAI Registry, and REPARA BVS Registry, which all prospectively collected patient-level data regarding outcomes following unrestricted BVS implantation. The primary endpoint of target lesion failure (TLF) includes cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (TVMI) and target-lesion revascularisation (TLR) at 12 months. The incidence of scaffold thrombosis (ST) according to ARC criteria was also assessed. Multivariable analysis was used to adjust for differences in patient and lesion characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 10,312 patients (mean age 58.4 ± 11.4 y) underwent BVS implantation during routine practice. The 12-month follow-up was complete in 95.5% of patients. At 12 months, the primary endpoint of TLF occurred in 3.6%; its components cardiac death, TVMI and TLR were documented in 1.2%, 1.8%, and 2.6%, respectively. The definite/probable ST rate was 1.7%. Absence of predilatation, discontinuation of DAPT and scaffold diameter below 3 mm were independent predictors of ST. CONCLUSIONS: The EAC demonstrates reasonable real-world clinical outcome data after BVS implantation. However, the rate of scaffold thrombosis remains high.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(24): 27868-27879, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110781

RESUMO

We demonstrate that a novel functionalized interface, where molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nanoMIPs) are attached to screen-printed graphite electrodes (SPEs), can be utilized for the thermal detection of the cardiac biomarker troponin I (cTnI). The ultrasensitive detection of the unique protein cTnI can be utilized for the early diagnosis of myocardial infraction (i.e., heart attacks), resulting in considerably lower patient mortality and morbidity. Our developed platform presents an innovative route to develop accurate, low-cost, and disposable sensors for the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases, specifically myocardial infraction. A reproducible and advantageous solid-phase approach was utilized to synthesize high-affinity nanoMIPs (average size = 71 nm) for cTnI, which served as synthetic receptors in a thermal sensing platform. To assess the performance and commercial potential of the sensor platform, various approaches were used to immobilize nanoMIPs onto thermocouples or SPEs: dip coating, drop casting, and a covalent approach relying on electrografting with an organic coupling reaction. Characterization of the nanoMIP-functionalized surfaces was performed with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Measurements from an in-house designed thermal setup revealed that covalent functionalization of nanoMIPs onto SPEs led to the most reproducible sensing capabilities. The proof of application was provided by measuring buffered solutions spiked with cTnI, which demonstrated that through monitoring changes in heat transfer at the solid-liquid interface, we can measure concentrations as low as 10 pg L-1, resulting in the most sensitive test of this type. Furthermore, preliminary data are presented for a prototype platform, which can detect cTnI with shorter measurement times and smaller sample volumes. The excellent sensor performance, versatility of the nanoMIPs, and reproducible and low-cost nature of the SPEs demonstrate that this sensor platform technology has a clear commercial route with high potential to contribute to sustainable healthcare.


Assuntos
Polímeros Molecularmente Impressos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Troponina I/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrodos , Grafite/química , Temperatura
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with stable angina who have undergone chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in native arteries with or without prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery in a national cohort. BACKGROUND: There are limited data on outcomes of patients presenting with stable angina undergoing CTO PCI with previous CABG. METHODS: We identified 20,081 patients with stable angina who underwent CTO PCI between 2007-2014 in the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society database. Clinical, demographical, procedural and outcome data were analyzed in two groups; group 1-CTO PCI in native arteries without prior CABG (n = 16,848), group 2-CTO PCI in native arteries with prior CABG (n = 3,233). RESULTS: Patients in group 2 were older, had more comorbidities and higher prevalence of severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Following multivariable analysis, no significant difference in mortality was observed during index hospital admission (OR:1.33, CI 0.64-2.78, p = .44), at 30-days (OR: 1.28, CI 0.79-2.06, p = .31) and 1 year (OR:1.02, CI 0.87-1.29, p = .87). Odds of in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (OR:1.01, CI 0.69-1.49, p = .95) and procedural complications (OR:1.02, CI 0.88-1.18, p = .81) were similar between two groups but procedural success rate was lower in group 2 (OR: 0.34, CI 0.31-0.39, p < .001). The adjusted risk of target vessel revascularization (TVR) remained similar between the two groups at 30-days (OR:0.68, CI 0.40-1.16, P-0.16) and at 1 year (OR:1.01, CI 0.83-1.22, P-0.95). CONCLUSION: Patients with prior CABG presenting with stable angina and treated with CTO PCI in native arteries had more co-morbid illnesses but once these differences were adjusted for, prior CABG did not independently confer additional risk of mortality, MACE or TVR.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The EVOLVE 48 study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the SYNERGY 48 mm stent for the treatment of long lesions. BACKGROUND: Clinical evidence supporting the use of very long stents during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is limited. The bioabsorbable polymer SYNERGY stent has shown good long-term data in a broad population of patients undergoing PCI. METHODS: Patients with lesion length >34- ≤44 mm and reference vessel diameter (RVD) ≥2.5- ≤ 4.0 mm were enrolled in this prospective, multicenter, single-arm study. The primary endpoint was 12-month target lesion failure (TLF; composite of target lesion revascularization [TLR], target-vessel myocardial infarction [TV-MI], or cardiac death) compared to a prespecified performance goal (PG). RESULTS: A total of 100 patients with mean lesion length of 35.34 ± 7.15 mm (26 patients with lesion length > 40 mm) and mean RVD 2.72 ± 0.44 mm were enrolled. Moderate to severe calcification was present in 30% of the patients and 89% had pre-TIMI flow grade 3. The rates of technical and clinical procedural success were 100%. One-year TLF was observed in 4.1% patients compared to a prespecified PG of 19.5% (95% upper confidence bound = 9.1%; p < 0.0001). Cardiac death and TLR were each observed in one patient, and TV-MI in two patients treated with SYNERGY 48 mm stent. Between the 1-2-year timeframe, TV-MI occurred in one additional patient. None of the patients experienced a definite or probable stent thrombosis through 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: PCI of long coronary lesions with the 48 mm SYNERGY stent demonstrated good procedural and clinical outcomes through 2 years, supporting its clinical safety and efficacy.

14.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol ; 77(14 suppl. s): B14-B14, Apr., 2021. tab.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1343596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) varies based on ischemic and high bleeding risk (HBR) factors. METHODS Onyx ONE Clear was a prospective, global, multicenter study to assess the safety and effectiveness of 1-month DAPT in patients with HBR treated with Resolute Onyx zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES). Patients with coronary artery disease and at least 1 HBR criterion were enrolled and prescribed DAPT for 1 month post-ZES implantation, followed by single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) thereafter. The primary endpoint was composite of cardiac death or myocardial infarction (MI) from 1 month to 1 year. The current analysis presents final 2-year results from the study. RESULTS A total of 1,507 patients were analyzed at 2 years. Mean age was 74.0 9.5 years, 32.2% female, 38.8% with type 2 diabetes, 36.0% with previous revascularization, and 48.7% presented with an acute coronary syndrome. Patients were enrolled with mean 1.6 HBR criteria and 44.6% met 2 HBR criteria. Lesion characteristics included 50.0% moderate-to-severe calcification and 78.5% B2/C lesions. At 2 years, 81.1% of patients remained on SAPT, 5.6% received DAPT, and 12.5% were prescribed oral anticoagulation only. The composite of cardiac death or MI between 1 month and 2 years was 11.7%, with rates of 5.3% for cardiac death and 7.4% for MI. Most MIs were non-Q wave (6.7%). Rates of other secondary endpoints between 1 month and 2 years included 0.9% definite or probable stent thrombosis, 13.0% targetlesion failure, 4.7% clinically driven target-lesion revascularization, 2.6% stroke, and 6.2% Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 to 5 bleeding events (Table 1). CONCLUSION Among patients with HBR treated with Resolute Onyx DES and SAPT after 1 month, 2-year ischemic event rates were acceptable despite an ongoing risk of major bleeding.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea
15.
Heart ; 107(9): 734-740, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There are concerns that healthcare and outcomes of black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) communities are disproportionately impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. We investigated admission rates, treatment and mortality of BAME with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during COVID-19. METHODS: Using multisource national healthcare records, patients hospitalised with AMI in England during 1 February-27 May 2020 were included in the COVID-19 group, whereas patients admitted during the same period in the previous three consecutive years were included in a pre-COVID-19 group. Multilevel hierarchical regression analyses were used to quantify the changes in-hospital and 7-day mortality in BAME compared with whites. RESULTS: Of 73 746 patients, higher proportions of BAME patients (16.7% vs 10.1%) were hospitalised with AMI during the COVID-19 period compared with pre-COVID-19. BAME patients admitted during the COVID-19 period were younger, male and likely to present with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction. COVID-19 BAME group admitted with non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction less frequently received coronary angiography (86.1% vs 90.0%, p<0.001) and had a longer median delay to reperfusion (4.1 hours vs 3.7 hours, p<0.001) compared with whites. BAME had higher in-hospital (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.27 to 2.28) and 7-day mortality (OR 1.81 95% CI 1.31 to 2.19) during COVID-19 compared with pre-COVID-19 period. CONCLUSION: In this multisource linked cohort study, compared with whites, BAME patients had proportionally higher hospitalisation rates with AMI, less frequently received guidelines indicated care and had higher early mortality during COVID-19 period compared with pre-COVID-19 period. There is a need to develop clinical pathways to achieve equity in the management of these vulnerable populations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Procedimentos Clínicos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/terapia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Clínicos/organização & administração , Procedimentos Clínicos/normas , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etnologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Fatores Raciais , SARS-CoV-2 , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etnologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Antiplatelet Therapy for Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic-Valve Implantation (POPular TAVI) trial reported comparable composite endpoints of ischemic events using aspirin compared to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). However, this trial was not powered to detect individual differences in ischemic events. We sought to conduct a meta-analysis to compare aspirin to DAPT on ischemic and bleeding events following TAVI. METHODS: The MEDLINE database was searched from inception until September 2020 and only randomized clinical trials of patients receiving antiplatelet therapy following TAVI were included. The treatment effect was reported as rate ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: Four randomized clinical trials of 1086 TAVI patients were included. There was a 51% reduction in major or life-threatening bleeding with aspirin compared with DAPT [RR 0.49, (95%CI 0.31 to 0.78)]. Aspirin was not associated with an increased risk of death [RR 1.01, (95%CI 0.62 to 1.65)], cardiovascular death [RR 1.15, (95%CI 0.56 to 2.36)], ischemic stroke [RR 0.93, (95%CI 0.51 to 1.70)], or MI [RR 0.53, (95%CI 0.18 to 1.57)]. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis supports the use of aspirin as the optimal antiplatelet strategy following TAVI procedures in reducing bleeding without an increase in ischemic events compared with dual antiplatelet therapy.

18.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 98(3): E444-E452, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a permanent pacemaker (PPM) in situ can enhance survival after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), in a predominantly inoperable or high risk cohort. BACKGROUND: New conduction disturbances are the most frequent complication of TAVI, often necessitating PPM implantation before hospital discharge. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort analysis of the UK TAVI registry (2007-2015). Primary and secondary endpoints were 30-day post-discharge all-cause mortality and long-term survival, respectively. RESULTS: Of 8,651 procedures, 6,815 complete datasets were analyzed. A PPM at hospital discharge, irrespective of when implantation occurred (PPM 1.68% [22/1309] vs. no PPM 1.47% [81/5506], odds ratio [OR] 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.71-1.84; p = .58), or a PPM implanted peri- or post-TAVI only (PPM 1.44% [11/763] vs. no PPM 1.47% [81/5506], OR 0.98 [0.51-1.85]; p = .95) did not significantly reduce the primary endpoint. Patients with a PPM at discharge were older, male, had right bundle branch block at baseline, were more likely to have received a first-generation self-expandable prosthesis and had experienced more peri- and post-procedural complications including bailout valve-in-valve rescue, bleeding and acute kidney injury. A Cox proportional hazards model demonstrated significantly reduced long-term survival in all those with a PPM, irrespective of implantation timing (hazard ratio [HR] 1.14 [1.02-1.26]; p = .019) and those receiving a PPM only at the time of TAVI (HR 1.15 [1.02-1.31]; p = .032). The reasons underlying this observation warrant further investigation. CONCLUSIONS: A PPM did not confer a survival advantage in the first 30 days after hospital discharge following TAVI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Assistência ao Convalescente , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Intern Med ; 290(1): 88-100, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with underlying cardiovascular disease and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to characterize the presenting profile and outcomes of patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and COVID-19 infection. METHODS: This observational cohort study was conducted using multisource data from all acute NHS hospitals in England. All consecutive patients hospitalized with diagnosis of ACS with or without COVID-19 infection between 1 March and 31 May 2020 were included. The primary outcome was in-hospital and 30-day mortality. RESULTS: A total of 12 958 patients were hospitalized with ACS during the study period, of which 517 (4.0%) were COVID-19-positive and were more likely to present with non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction. The COVID-19 ACS group were generally older, Black Asian and Minority ethnicity, more comorbid and had unfavourable presenting clinical characteristics such as elevated cardiac troponin, pulmonary oedema, cardiogenic shock and poor left ventricular systolic function compared with the non-COVID-19 ACS group. They were less likely to receive an invasive coronary angiography (67.7% vs 81.0%), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (30.2% vs 53.9%) and dual antiplatelet medication (76.3% vs 88.0%). After adjusting for all the baseline differences, patients with COVID-19 ACS had higher in-hospital (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 3.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.41-4.42) and 30-day mortality (aOR: 6.53; 95% CI: 5.1-8.36) compared to patients with the non-COVID-19 ACS. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 infection was present in 4% of patients hospitalized with an ACS in England and is associated with lower rates of guideline-recommended treatment and significant mortality hazard.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/mortalidade , Idoso , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 29: 61-68, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictive value of CHA2DS2-VASc score regarding the in-hospital death and periprocedural adverse events following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) is not established. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of patients with the in-hospital and primary diagnosis of ACS, with concomitant AF, who underwent PCI during the 2004-2014 period from the US National Inpatient Sample database. A CHA2DS2-VASc score was incorporated into multiple covariate-adjusted logistic regression analyses to determine its independent impact on designated outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 283,890 patients hospitalized with the primary diagnosis of ACS who underwent PCI and had an AF on record were included in the analysis. The average reported prevalence of AF in the whole cohort of ACS patients was 10.0% with a significant increasing trend during the observed 10-year period (p < .001). The average age of the cohort was 72.1 ±â€¯11 years, 63.4% were male while the median CHA2DS2-VASc score was 3 (IQR 2-4). Following adjustment for baseline covariates, incremental increase in CHA2DS2-VASc score was independently associated with an increased odds of in-hospital death (OR 1.20, CI 95% 1.18-1.22), periprocedural vascular injury (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.17-1.20), bleeding (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.16-1.18), stroke/transient ischemic attack (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.15-1.19), and acute kidney injury (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.04-1.06). CONCLUSIONS: The CHA2DS2-VASc score provides important prognostic information in ACS patients undergoing PCI. It is independently associated with in-hospital death and adverse periprocedural events following PCI in patients presenting with ACS and concomitant AF.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Fibrilação Atrial , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico
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