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1.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(748): 1453-1456, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468096

RESUMO

Treatment of hepatitis C has known major progress thanks to direct-acting antivirals resulting in the healing, defined by a viral clearance (sustained virological response [SVR]), in the vast majority of patients. However, there is a residual risk of progressive liver damage in a minority of patients, potentially leading to complications such as liver decompensation, hepatocellular carcinoma and/or death. This article discusses the current knowledge of residual liver disease after treatment, the impact of comorbidities and the factors potentially predicting patients at risk of complications and warranting surveillance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia
2.
JHEP Rep ; 3(2): 100231, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33748726

RESUMO

Background & Aims: There are conflicting data regarding the epidemiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in the context of non-alcoholic and metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (NAFLD and MAFLD). We aimed to examine the changing contribution of NAFLD and MAFLD, stratified by sex, in a well-defined geographical area and highly characterised HCC population between 1990 and 2014. Methods: We identified all patients with HCC resident in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland, diagnosed between 1990 and 2014 from the prospective Geneva Cancer Registry and assessed aetiology-specific age-standardised incidence. NAFLD-HCC was diagnosed when other causes of liver disease were excluded in cases with type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, or obesity. Criteria for MAFLD included one or more of the following criteria: overweight/obesity, presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, or evidence of metabolic dysregulation. Results: A total of 76/920 (8.3%) of patients were diagnosed with NAFLD-HCC in the canton of Geneva between 1990 and 2014. Between the time periods 1990-1994 and 2010-2014, there was a significant increase in HCC incidence in women (standardised incidence ratio [SIR] 1.83, 95% CI 1.08-3.13, p = 0.026) but not in men (SIR 1.10, 95% CI 0.85-1.43, p = 0.468). In the same timeframe, the proportion of NAFLD-HCC increased more in women (0-29%, p = 0.037) than in men (2-12%, p = 0.010) while the proportion of MAFLD increased from 21% to 68% in both sexes and from 7% to 67% in women (p <0.001). From 2000-2004 to 2010-2014, the SIR of NAFLD-HCC increased to 1.92 (95% CI 0.77-5.08) for men and 12.7 (95% CI 1.63-545) in women, whereas it decreased or remained stable for other major aetiologies of HCC. Conclusions: In a populational cohort spanning 25 years, the burden of NAFLD and MAFLD associated HCCs increased significantly, driving an increase in HCC incidence, particularly in women. Lay summary: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer, increasingly arising in patients with liver disease caused by metabolic syndrome, termed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). We assessed all patients with HCC between 1990 and 2014 in the canton of Geneva (western Switzerland) and found an increase in all HCC cases in this timeframe, particularly in women. In addition, we found that HCC caused by NAFLD or MAFLD significantly increased over the years, particularly in women, possibly driving the increase in overall HCC cases.

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