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1.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(4): 363-376, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) is associated with a risk of procedural serious adverse events (SAE) and exposure to ionizing radiation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to define the risk of, and associations with, SAE and high-dose radiation exposure using large-scale registry data. METHODS: The analysis of the multicenter C3PO-QI registry was limited to patients who underwent TPVR from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2016. SAE were defined as the occurrence of ≥1 moderate, major, or catastrophic events. Radiation dose was reported as dose area product adjusted for weight. Associations with outcome measures were explored in univariate and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: A total of 530 patients (59% male) underwent TPVR at a median age of 18.3 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 12.9 to 27.3 years) and weight of 58 kg (IQR: 43 to 77 kg) at 14 centers. Implant substrate included homograft (41%), bioprosthesis (30%), native right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) (27%) and other (2%). TPVR indications were pulmonary insufficiency (28%), stenosis (23%), and mixed (49%). AE and SAE occurred in 26% and 13% of cases, respectively, including 1 mortality. SAE were more frequent in homograft conduit than other RVOT substrates, although SAE type and severity differed between implant substrates. Median radiation dose was 198 µGy·m2/kg (IQR: 94 to 350 µGy·m2/kg). Higher radiation dose was associated with older age, greater RVOT obstruction, and concomitant interventions (p < 0.001). During a median follow-up duration of 1 year, 13.3% underwent catheterization, surgery, or both, unrelated to infection. Younger age, smaller size, and hemodynamic and anatomic factors indicative of greater RVOT obstruction were associated with TPV reintervention. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of SAE during TPVR in the C3PO-QI registry is high, but mortality is uncommon. Radiation dose is greater than for other congenital interventions and is associated with patient and procedural factors. Reintervention is common during early follow-up.

2.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 95(2): 294-299, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609061

RESUMO

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can be used to analyze blood flow and to predict hemodynamic outcomes after interventions for coarctation of the aorta and other cardiovascular diseases. We report the first use of cardiac 3-dimensional rotational angiography for CFD and show not only feasibility but also validation of its hemodynamic computations with catheter-based measurements in three patients.

3.
Cardiol Young ; 29(12): 1510-1516, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial randomised neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome to a shunt strategy but otherwise retained standard of care. We aimed to describe centre-level practice variation at Fontan completion. METHODS: Centre-level data are reported as median or median frequency across all centres and range of medians or frequencies across centres. Classification and regression tree analysis assessed the association of centre-level factors with length of stay and percentage of patients with prolonged pleural effusion (>7 days). RESULTS: The median Fontan age (14 centres, 320 patients) was 3.1 years (range from 1.7 to 3.9), and the weight-for-age z-score was -0.56 (-1.35 + 0.44). Extra-cardiac Fontans were performed in 79% (4-100%) of patients at the 13 centres performing this procedure; lateral tunnels were performed in 32% (3-100%) at the 11 centres performing it. Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (nine centres) ranged from 6 to 100%. Major complications occurred in 17% (7-33%). The length of stay was 9.5 days (9-12); 15% (6-33%) had prolonged pleural effusion. Centres with fewer patients (<6%) with prolonged pleural effusion and fewer (<41%) complications had a shorter length of stay (<10 days; sensitivity 1.0; specificity 0.71; area under the curve 0.96). Avoiding deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and higher weight-for-age z-score were associated with a lower percentage of patients with prolonged effusions (<9.5%; sensitivity 1.0; specificity = 0.86; area under the curve 0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Fontan perioperative practices varied widely among study centres. Strategies to decrease the duration of pleural effusion and minimise complications may decrease the length of stay. Further research regarding deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is needed to understand its association with prolonged pleural effusion.

5.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(6): 1849-1855, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although overall outcomes have improved for single-ventricle patients, substantial morbidity and mortality remain for certain high-risk groups. The hybrid stage I procedure is an alternative to the Norwood operation for stage I palliation, but it remains unclear whether it is associated with improved outcomes in high-risk patients. METHODS: This single-center, nested, case-control study included high-risk patients with a systemic right ventricle who underwent hybrid stage I or Norwood palliation from January 2000 to December 2016. High-risk features included prematurity < 34 weeks, birth weight < 2.5 kg, restrictive/intact atrial septum, at least moderate atrioventricular valve regurgitation or right ventricular dysfunction, genetic or extracardiac anomalies, or left ventricular sinusoids. Patients were matched by presence of genetic anomaly, restrictive/intact atrial septum, and prematurity/weight < 2 kg. Early and midterm outcomes were compared in the matched hybrid vs Norwood groups. RESULTS: The study included 96 patients (35 hybrid, 61 Norwood). Despite improved 30-day survival in hybrid patients (91% vs 66%, P < .01), 1-year survival was similar between the hybrid and Norwood groups (46% vs 48%, P = .9). No hybrid patients required dialysis or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after stage I palliation as compared with 19% and 22% of Norwood patients, respectively (both P < .01). Hybrid patients, however, required more unplanned reinterventions (43% vs 21%, P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: There remains significant morbidity and mortality among high-risk single-ventricle infants. Despite an early survival benefit, hybrid stage I palliation has not been associated with improved midterm outcomes at our center.

6.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(8): 1633-1637, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468061

RESUMO

We sought to assess acute hemodynamic changes after implementation of negative extrathoracic pressure (NEP) in spontaneously breathing ambulatory Fontan patients with symptomatic heart failure. We hypothesized that application of NEP would result in an acute decrease in pulmonary artery pressure. Ten patients with clinical evidence of Fontan failure underwent baseline hemodynamic catheterization while breathing spontaneously. Hemodynamic measurements were then repeated after 30 min of continuous NEP. After 30 min of continuous NEP, 4/10 patients had a decrease in their Fontan pressure by 2 mmHg and one patient had a decrease by 1 mmHg. There were three patients that had an increase in Fontan pressure by 2 mmHg. In 7/10 patients, indexed pulmonary vascular resistance decreased by an average of 31%. In symptomatic Fontan patients with a favorable hemodynamic response to NEP during catheterization, potential benefit of longer-term NEP to improve clinical status should be explored.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Respiração Artificial/instrumentação , Respiradores de Pressão Negativa , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
7.
Congenit Heart Dis ; 14(3): 341-349, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183955

RESUMO

Clinical research in the treatment of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is limited by the wide variety of CHD manifestations and therapeutic options as well as the generally low incidence of CHD. The availability of comprehensive, contemporary outcomes studies is therefore limited. This inadequacy may result in a lack of data-driven medical decision making. In 2013, clinician scientists at two centers began a research collaboration, the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative (CCRC). Over time, the CCRC has grown to include nine cardiac centers from across the United States, with a common data coordinating center. The CCRC seeks to generate high-quality, contemporary, statistically robust, and generalizable outcomes research which can help address important clinical questions in the treatment of CHD. To date, the CCRC has reported on multicenter outcomes in: neonates with congenital aortic stenosis, infants undergoing right ventricular decompression for pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum, and infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow. The CCRC has been successful at leveraging large multicenter cohorts of patients in a contemporary period to perform comparative studies. In the future, the CCRC plans to continue to perform hypothesis-driven retrospective and prospective observational studies of CHD populations where controversy exists or where novel interventions or therapies have emerged. Quality improvement efforts including lesion-specific registry development may be an additional potential future target.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Comportamento Cooperativo , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
8.
Cardiol Young ; 29(8): 1020-1024, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208473

RESUMO

Elevated left ventricular end diastolic pressure is a risk factor for ventricular arrhythmias in patients with tetralogy of Fallot. The objective of this retrospective study was to identify echocardiographic measures associated with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 mmHg in this population. Repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients age ≥13 years, who underwent a left heart catheterisation within 7 days of having an echocardiogram were evaluated. Univariate comparison was made in echocardiographic and clinical variables between patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 versus ≤12 mmHg. Ninety-four patients (54% male) with a median age of 24.6 years were included. Thirty-four (36%) had left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 mmHg. Patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12mmHg were older (median 32.9 versus 24.0 years, p = 0.02), more likely to have a history of an aortopulmonary shunt (62% versus 38%, p = 0.03), and have a diagnosis of hypertension (24% versus 7%, p = 0.03) compared to those with left ventricular end diastolic pressure ≤12 mmHg. There were no significant differences in mitral valve E/A ratio, annular e' velocity, or E/e' ratio between patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 versus ≤12 mmHg. Patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12mmHg had larger left atrial area (mean 17.7 versus 14.0 cm2, p = 0.03) and larger left atrium anterior-posterior diameter (mean 36.0 versus 30.6 mm, p = 0.004). In conclusion, typical echocardiographic measures of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction may not be reliable in tetralogy of Fallot patients. Prospective studies with the use of novel echocardiographic measures are needed.


Assuntos
Diástole , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(6): 1266-1274, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250046

RESUMO

Left heart distension during venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) often necessitates decompression to facilitate myocardial recovery and prevent life-threatening complications. The objectives of this study were to compare clinical outcomes between patients who did and did not undergo left atrial (LA) decompression, quantify decompression efficacy, and identify risk factors for development of left heart distension. This was a single-center retrospective case-control study. Pediatric VA ECMO patients who underwent LA decompression from June 2004 to March 2016 were identified, and a control cohort of VA ECMO patients who did not undergo LA decompression were matched based on diagnosis, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and age. Among 194 VA ECMO cases, 21 (11%) underwent LA decompression. Compared to the control cohort, patients with decompression had longer hospital length of stay (60 ± 55 vs. 27 ± 23 days, p = 0.012), but similar in-hospital mortality (29% vs. 38%, p = 0.513). Decompression successfully decreased mean LA pressure (24 ± 11 to 14 ± 4 mmHg, p = 0.022) and LA:RA pressure gradient (10 ± 7 to 0 ± 1 mmHg, p = 0.011). No significant differences in early quantitative measures of cardiac function were observed between cases and controls to identify risk factors for left heart distension. Despite higher qualitative risk for impaired cardiac recovery, patients who underwent LA decompression had comparable outcomes to those who did not. Given that traditional quantitative measures of cardiac function are insufficient to predict development of eventual left heart distension, a combination of clinical history, radiographic findings, hemodynamic monitoring, and laboratory markers should be used during the evaluation and management of these patients.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Descompressão Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/patologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 20(8): 728-736, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the variation in timing of left atrial decompression and its association with clinical outcomes in pediatric patients supported with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation across a multicenter cohort. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. SETTING: Eleven pediatric hospitals within the United States. PATIENTS: Patients less than 18 years on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation who underwent left atrial decompression from 2004 to 2016. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 137 patients (median age, 4.7 yr) were included. Cardiomyopathy was the most common diagnosis (47%). Cardiac arrest (39%) and low cardiac output (50%) were the most common extracorporeal membrane oxygenation indications. Median time to left atrial decompression was 6.2 hours (interquartile range, 3.8-17.2 hr) with the optimal cut-point of greater than or equal to 18 hours for late decompression determined by receiver operating characteristic curve. In univariate analysis, late decompression was associated with longer extracorporeal membrane oxygenation duration (median 8.5 vs 5 d; p = 0.02). In multivariable analysis taking into account clinical confounder and center effects, late decompression remained significantly associated with prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation duration (adjusted odds ratio, 4.4; p = 0.002). Late decompression was also associated with longer duration of mechanical ventilation (adjusted odds ratio, 4.8; p = 0.002). Timing of decompression was not associated with in-hospital survival (p = 0.36) or overall survival (p = 0.42) with median follow-up of 3.2 years. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter study of pediatric patients receiving venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, late left atrial decompression (≥ 18 hr) was associated with longer duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support and mechanical ventilation. Although no survival benefit was demonstrated, the known morbidities associated with prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use may justify a recommendation for early left atrial decompression.

12.
Transl Pediatr ; 7(2): 104-119, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770292

RESUMO

Since 1929, when the first cardiac catheterization was safely performed in a human by Dr. Werner Forssmann (on himself), there has been a rapid progression of cardiac catheterization techniques and technologies. Today, these advances allow us to treat a wide variety of patients with congenital heart disease using minimally invasive techniques; from fetus to infants to adults, and from simple to complex congenital cardiac lesions. In this article, we will explore some of the exciting advances in cardiac catheterization for the treatment of congenital heart disease, including transcatheter valve implantation, hybrid procedures, biodegradable technologies, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided catheterization. Additionally, we will discuss innovations in imaging in the catheterization laboratory, including 3D rotational angiography (3DRA), fusion imaging, and 3D printing, which help to make innovative interventional approaches possible.

13.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 105(2): 622-628, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28964419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although surgical patch arterioplasty is the conventional therapy for branch pulmonary artery (PA) stenosis, limited data exist on long-term outcomes. We examined the incidence of and risk factors for reintervention after surgical arterioplasty for branch PA stenosis in biventricular congenital heart disease. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with 2-ventricle physiology who underwent patch arterioplasty for PA stenosis at a single high-volume congenital heart center during a 10-year period. Freedom from surgical or percutaneous reintervention for recurrent PA stenosis was evaluated. Univariate and multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed to determine risk factors for reintervention. RESULTS: Among 135 patients, the median age at patch arterioplasty was 0.9 years. Survival to hospital discharge (or 30 days postoperatively) was 96%. During a median follow-up period of 4.0 years, reintervention for PA stenosis occurred in 38 of 115 patients (33%) at a median time to reintervention of 1.4 years. The overall 10-year reintervention rate was 54%. In univariate analysis, age less than 30 days at initial arterioplasty, congenital PA stenosis (vs acquired), and bilateral PA stenosis (vs unilateral) were significantly associated with reintervention. In multivariable analysis, neonatal age (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.6; p = 0.002) and bilateral PA stenosis (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.8; p = 0.005) remained independently associated with reintervention. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term reintervention for recurrent PA stenosis after patch arterioplasty is common. Patients with bilateral PA stenosis or age younger than 30 days at the time of the index pulmonary arterioplasty are at higher risk for reintervention. These patients may benefit from frequent monitoring or novel approaches to repair.


Assuntos
Previsões , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(17): 1717-1726, 2017 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate practice patterns and outcomes of a contemporary group of patients undergoing balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) for congenital aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: BAV is the most common treatment for isolated congenital AS. METHODS: Within the IMPACT (Improving Pediatric and Adult Congenital Treatments) Registry, all BAV procedures performed between January 2011 and March 2015 were identified. Procedures were separated into those performed for critical versus noncritical AS. Outcomes were stratified into optimal, adequate, and inadequate, with optimal and adequate outcomes defining "successful" procedures. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify patient and procedural characteristics associated with unsuccessful BAV. Mortality and adverse events rates were compared across patient cohorts. RESULTS: Of the 1,026 isolated BAV procedures captured in IMPACT, 718 (70%) were "successful." Success rates were 70.9% for noncritical AS (n = 916) and 62.7% for critical AS (n = 110). Multivariate analysis revealed that prior cardiac catheterization, mixed valve disease, baseline aortic valve gradient >60 mm Hg, baseline aortic insufficiency greater than mild, presence of a trainee, and multiple balloon inflations were associated with unsuccessful BAV in the noncritical AS cohort. There were no factors associated with unsuccessful procedures in the critical AS group. No procedural deaths occurred, but 2.4% of patients did not survive to hospital discharge. Adverse events occurred in 15.8% of all cases and were more frequent in procedures performed for critical AS (30.0% vs. 14.1%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: BAV is an effective treatment for congenital AS with low rates of mortality and adverse events. Patients with critical AS have a higher risk for procedure-related adverse events.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Adolescente , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/congênito , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valvuloplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Valvuloplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Padrões de Prática Médica , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(6): 972-979, 2017 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28799708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate outcomes of stent implantation (SI) for recurrent coarctation of the aorta (RC) following the Norwood operation. BACKGROUND: RC is common following the Norwood operation. Balloon angioplasty (BA) is standard treatment but may result in unsatisfactory relief of RC. SI may improve RC, but outcome data are limited. METHODS: We performed a multi-center retrospective study of patients who underwent SI for RC between the Norwood operation and Fontan completion. Outcomes were examined, including procedural success, serious adverse events (SAE), and freedom from re-intervention. A core laboratory was utilized to review angiograms. Coarctation Index (CI) was calculated before and after SI. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to compare pre- and post-SI variables. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients at 8 centers underwent SI for RC at a median age of 5 months (IQR 4.1, 13.3) and weight of 5.9 kg (5.2, 8.6). Aortic arch gradient improved from 20 (15, 24) to 0 (0, 2) mmHg following SI (P < 0.0001). The median CI improved from 0.54 (0.43, 0.62) to 0.97 (0.89, 1.06) following SI (P < 0.0001). There were no procedural deaths but SAEs occurred in 12 (36%) patients. During a median follow-up duration of 29.7 months (6.8, 48.0), freedom from death or heart transplant was 82%, and from re-intervention was 45%, with median time to re-intervention of 20.1 months (11.4, 40.3). CONCLUSIONS: SI for treatment of RC in patients after the Norwood operation provides excellent acute relief of obstruction. Intraprocedural hemodynamic instability is common and re-intervention is frequent at mid-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Norwood/métodos , Sociedades Médicas , Stents , Angiografia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico , Cardiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/diagnóstico , Lactente , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
16.
Congenit Heart Dis ; 12(6): 733-739, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28703367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify a time during cardiac ejection when the instantaneous pressure gradient (IPG) correlated best, and near unity, with peak-to-peak systolic ejection gradient (PPSG) in patients with congenital aortic stenosis. Noninvasive echocardiographic measurement of IPG has limited correlation with cardiac catheterization measured PPSG across the spectrum of disease severity of congenital aortic stenosis. A major contributor is the observation that these measures are inherently different with a variable relationship dependent on the degree of stenosis. DESIGN: Hemodynamic data from cardiac catheterizations utilizing simultaneous pressure measurements from the left ventricle (LV) and ascending aorta (AAo) in patients with congenital valvar aortic stenosis was retrospectively reviewed over the past 5 years. The cardiac cycle was standardized for all patients using the percentage of total LV ejection time (ET). Instantaneous gradient at 5% intervals of ET were compared to PPSG using linear regression and Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS: A total of 22 patients underwent catheterization at a median age of 13.7 years (interquartile range [IQR] 10.3-18.0) and median weight of 51.1 kg (IQR 34.2-71.6). The PPSG was 46.5 ± 12.6 mm Hg (mean ± SD) and correlated suboptimally with the maximum and mean IPG. The midsystolic IPG (occurring at 50% of ET) had the strongest correlation with the PPSG ( PPSG = 0.97(IPG50%)-1.12, R2 = 0.88), while the IPG at 55% of ET was closest to unity ( PPSG = 0.997(IPG55%)-1.17, R2 = 0.87). CONCLUSIONS: The commonly measured maximum and mean IPG are suboptimal estimates of the PPSG in congenital aortic stenosis. Using catheter-based data, IPG at 50%-55% of ejection correlates well with PPSG. This may allow for a more accurate estimation of PPSG via noninvasive assessment of IPG.


Assuntos
Aorta/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/congênito , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adolescente , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Criança , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole , Adulto Jovem
17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 90(3): 398-406, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28471080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe our 20-year experience with intraoperative pulmonary artery (PA) stent placement and evaluate long-term patient outcomes, specifically the need and risk factors for reintervention. BACKGROUND: Intraoperative PA stent placement is an alternative to surgical patch arterioplasty and percutaneous angioplasty or stent placement to treat branch PA stenosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all intraoperative PA stents placed at our institution from 1994-2013. Patient and stent characteristics and outcome data were collected. Risk factors associated with reintervention were identified using univariate cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Eighty-one PA stents were placed in 68 patients. The procedural complication rate was 4.4%. During a median follow-up period of 6 years (interquartile range [IQR] 0.9-12.7), 30 patients (44%) underwent reintervention on the stented PA with a median time to first reintervention of 2.6 years (IQR 0.7-4.4 years). The first reintervention was surgical in 30% and catheter-based in 70%. Risk factors for reintervention included age < 18 months (Hazard ratio [HR] 2.97, P = 0.005) and body surface area < 0.47 m2 (HR 3.20, P = 0.003) at the time of stent implantation, and the presence of multiple aortopulmonary collaterals in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (HR 4.61, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative PA stent implantation is a safe and effective alternative to percutaneous stent implantation and offers several advantages, including the ability to implant adult-size stents in small patients while avoiding injury to peripheral vessels, to position stents to facilitate future percutaneous stent redilation, and to access the PAs directly, which eliminates radiation exposure. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Stents , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/instrumentação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos
18.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 37(8): 1436-1445, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27502109

RESUMO

The Congenital Cardiac Catheterization Project on Outcomes (C3PO) launched in 2007 as a multi-center collaborative to establish standardized and comparable metrics for pediatric cardiac catheterization procedures. The limitations of larger registries at the time led to the development of the next phase in 2013, C3PO-Quality Improvement (C3PO-QI), focusing on instituting QI initiatives within the field. The objective of this manuscript is to provide a detailed overview of C3PO-QI and report data on case characteristics and outcome metrics being explored. C3PO-QI was designed to cultivate institutional collaboration during implementation of its initiatives. A database and website were developed to support data entry and on-demand reporting. The registry prospectively captures pediatric cardiac catheterization data among 15 hospitals. The present study includes case demographic data (n) and quality metric reporting by case type, age, and radiation dose variables. This dataset includes 13,135 cases entered into the database between 1/1/2014 and 12/31/2015. Interventional cases make up the highest percentage by case mix distribution (48 %), and patients <1 years make up the highest percentage by age distribution (26 %). The ratio of diagnostic and interventional procedures performed changes by age group. Application of QI metric shows all procedure types surpassing metric goals. Large volume data collection, such as in C3PO-QI, allows for meaningful interpretation of data. C3PO-QI is uniquely poised to deliver fast-paced changes in the field. Although the project initiatives are specific to pediatric cardiac catheterization, the implementation of the project and utilization of real-time reporting is generalizable to other specialties and multi-center collaboratives.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Sistema de Registros
19.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 37(8): 1525-1533, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27567910

RESUMO

We sought to describe the use and outcomes of small, medium and large premounted stents in patients with congenital heart disease, including incidence of and risk factors for re-intervention and development of in-stent stenosis. Premounted stents offer several advantages over traditional manually crimped bare-metal stents, especially in small patients. There are no data describing the medium-term effectiveness and outcomes of premounted stents in congenital heart disease. We performed a single-center retrospective review of all small, medium and large premounted stents implanted over an 8-year period. Premounted stents were implanted in 71 vessels within 59 patients with a 97 % success rate. Regardless of implantation site, premounted stent implantation resulted in significant improvements in vessel size and pressure gradient (p < 0.0001). Over a median follow-up duration of 3.1 years [interquartile range (IQR) 1.3-5.2], 25 patients (43 %) required re-intervention (18 catheter based, 3 surgical and 4 hybrid) at a median time of 1.4 years (IQR 0.9-3.0) from implant. Factors associated with re-intervention included age ≤1.9 years [hazard ratio (HR) 2.4, p = 0.03], weight ≤11.5 kg (HR 2.5, p = 0.03) and bare-metal premounted stents compared to covered premounted stents (HR 4.2, p = 0.001). In-stent stenosis was diagnosed in 42 % of premounted stents which underwent follow-up angiography. No identified characteristics were associated with in-stent stenosis, including "oversizing" the premounted stent. Small, medium and large premounted stents are effective in treating vascular stenosis in congenital heart disease. Frequent follow-up is required, especially in smaller patients with expected somatic growth, and to evaluate for in-stent stenosis which occurs in nearly half of premounted stents.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Criança , Constrição Patológica , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 152(2): 471-479.e3, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27167022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Aortic arch reconstruction in children with single ventricle lesions may predispose to circulatory inefficiency and maladaptive physiology leading to increased myocardial workload. We sought to describe neoaortic anatomy and physiology, risk factors for abnormalities, and impact on right ventricular function in patients with single right ventricle lesions after arch reconstruction. METHODS: Prestage II aortic angiograms from the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial were analyzed to define arch geometry (Romanesque [normal], crenel [elongated], or gothic [angular]), indexed neoaortic dimensions, and distensibility. Comparisons were made with 50 single-ventricle controls without prior arch reconstruction. Factors associated with ascending neoaortic dilation, reduced distensibility, and decreased ventricular function on the 14-month echocardiogram were evaluated using univariate and multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Interpretable angiograms were available for 326 of 389 subjects (84%). Compared with controls, study subjects more often demonstrated abnormal arch geometry (67% vs 22%, P < .01) and had increased ascending neoaortic dilation (Z score 3.8 ± 2.2 vs 2.6 ± 2.0, P < .01) and reduced distensibility index (2.2 ± 1.9 vs 8.0 ± 3.8, P < .01). Adjusted odds of neoaortic dilation were increased in subjects with gothic arch geometry (odds ratio [OR], 3.2 vs crenel geometry, P < .01) and a right ventricle-pulmonary artery shunt (OR, 3.4 vs Blalock-Taussig shunt, P < .01) but were decreased in subjects with aortic atresia (OR, 0.7 vs stenosis, P < .01) and those with recoarctation (OR, 0.3 vs no recoarctation, P = .04). No demographic, anatomic, or surgical factors predicted reduced distensibility. Neither dilation nor distensibility predicted reduced right ventricular function. CONCLUSIONS: After Norwood surgery, the reconstructed neoaorta demonstrates abnormal anatomy and physiology. Further study is needed to evaluate the longer-term impact of these features.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Norwood/efeitos adversos , Remodelação Vascular , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Dilatação Patológica , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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