Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 105
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18213, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852078

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between excess body mass index (BMI) and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in an operative population, and the impact of higher BMI on clinicopathological aggressiveness of PTC.Charts of 10,844 consecutive patients with thyroid nodules undergoing partial or total thyroidectomy between 1993 and 2015 were reviewed. Patients diagnosed with PTC were stratified in 4 groups: BMI < 18.5 (underweight), 18.5 ≤ BMI < 24 (normal-weight), 24 ≤ BMI < 28 (overweight) and BMI ≥ 28(obese). The impacts of high BMI on prevalence and clinicopathological parameters of PTC were retrospectively analyzed in both univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis.For every 5-unit increase in body mass, the odds of risk-adjusted malignance increased by 36.6%. The individuals who were obese and overweight were associated with high risk of thyroid cancer [odds ratio (OR)= 1.982, P < .001; OR= 1.377, P < .001; respectively] compared to normal weight patients, and this positive association was found in both genders. Obesity was independent predictors for tumors larger than 1 cm (OR = 1.562, P < .001) and multifocality (OR = 1.616, P < .001). However, there was no difference in cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis among BMI groups. Crude analysis showed BMI was associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (relative risk, approximately 1.23 per 5 BMI units, P < .001), but this association disappeared after adjusting for confounding factors.Obesity was significantly associated with the risk of PTC in a large, operative population. Higher BMI was significantly associated with larger tumor size and multifocal tumor.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/complicações , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/etiologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
3.
Stem Cells Int ; 2019: 8628027, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781248

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasingly common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The two conditions can act synergistically to produce adverse outcomes. However, the therapeutic options for patients with NAFLD and T2DM are currently limited. Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) have shown therapeutic potential for diabetes and hepatic disorders such as liver cirrhosis and fulminant hepatic failure. The present study is aimed at investigating the effect of human UC-MSCs on a mouse model of NAFLD and T2DM, characterized by obesity-induced hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia, hepatic steatosis, and liver dysfunction. Thirty-week-old male C57BL/6 db/db mice were infused with human UC-MSCs or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) via the tail vein once a week for six weeks. Age-matched male C57BL/6 wild-type db/+ mice were used as controls. Body weight and random blood glucose were measured every week. One week after the sixth infusion, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests and insulin tolerance tests were performed and the blood and liver were harvested for biochemical and histopathological examinations. Quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), immunofluorescence staining, and western blot were performed to monitor the expression of the lipid metabolism- and regulatory pathway-related genes. UC-MSC infusions significantly ameliorated hyperglycaemia, attenuated the elevation of hepatic transaminases, and decreased lipid contents, including triglyceride, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Moreover, histological lesions in the liver diminished markedly, as evidenced by reduced lipid accumulation and attenuated hepatic steatosis. Mechanistically, UC-MSCs were found to regulate lipid metabolism by increasing the expression of fatty acid oxidation-related genes and inhibiting the expression of lipogenesis-related genes, which were associated with the upregulation of the HNF4α-CES2 pathway. Our results demonstrate that human UC-MSCs can ameliorate NAFLD and reverse metabolic syndrome in db/db mice. Thus, UC-MSCs may serve as a novel therapeutic agent for T2DM patients with NAFLD.

4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1140: 225-236, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347050

RESUMO

Selection of high-producing lead and backup cell lines with high-fidelity primary structure is a major goal of cell line development of protein therapeutics. Conventional techniques for sequence variant analysis, such as mass spectrometry (MS) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) have limitations on the sample number and turnaround time, thus often are only applied at the final stages of development, where an undesired lead or backup clone could cause a significant delay in project timeline. Here we presented a high-throughput (HT) peptide mapping workflow which can be applied at early stages of cell line selection for testing of a batch of 30-40 clones within 2-week turnaround while reporting valuable information on sequence variants and posttranslational modifications (PTMs). The successful application of this workflow was demonstrated for two mAb programs. Multiple clones were removed from a total of 33 mAb-1 clones using various criteria: nine clones contained at least one >1% upregulated unknown peptide ions, 11 clones contained at least eight >0.1% upregulated unknowns, and six clones contained upregulated critical PTMs. For mAb-2, light chain (LC) sequence extension of approximately 30 amino acids were detected in 6 out of 36 clones at levels up to 11%. Besides, a Q to H mutation at ~30% was detected in the heavy chain (HC) of a single clone. Q to H mutation has mass change of 9.00 Da and failed to be detected by intact mass analysis. Rapid PTM quantitation also facilitated the selection of clones with desirable quality attributes, such as N-glycan profile. Hence, we demonstrated a risk-reducing strategy where abnormal clones could be detected at earlier stages of cell line selection, which should result in reduced and more predictable timeline of cell line development.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Mapeamento de Peptídeos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Animais , Células CHO , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Espectrometria de Massas
5.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 133(3): 195-205, 2019 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187734

RESUMO

The lined seahorse Hippocampus erectus is an economically important aquaculture species; however, the low survival rate of juvenile seahorses severely restricts their large-scale cultivation. According to previous research, dead juvenile seahorses (4-6 cm) showed symptoms of suspected enteritis, including abdominal depression, raised cloaca, partial hepatic congestion, and yellow sticky liquid filling the intestine. Here, we isolated a Gram-negative bacterium from diseased juvenile seahorses and tentatively named the strain HEL-5. Healthy juvenile seahorses were then challenged with the strain through intraperitoneal injection, with results confirming that HEL-5 was pathogenic for seahorses at a median lethal dose of 5.81 × 105 CFU g-1 fish weight. Based on morphological observations, biochemical characteristics, and sequence analysis of 16S rRNA and housekeeping genes (gyrB, ftsZ, and gapA), we identified HEL-5 as Vibrio tubiashii. Histopathological observations revealed that V. tubiashii was capable of causing lytic necrosis of hepatocytes and forming obvious necrotic foci, and renal pathology was characterized by tubular collapse and tubular epithelial-cell shedding into the lumen accompanied by a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating the tissues of the intestines and kidneys. Antimicrobial-susceptibility testing showed that the strain was highly sensitive to macrolides, chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, aminoglycosides, and cephalosporins. These findings represent the first report of isolation of V. tubiashii from diseased juvenile seahorses and provide a foundation for the prevention and treatment of vibrio disease in seahorse aquaculture.


Assuntos
Smegmamorpha , Vibrio , Animais , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
6.
Diabetes Ther ; 10(4): 1391-1405, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222594

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The efficacy and safety of vildagliptin alone or with metformin is well established by randomized trials, but it is unknown whether it can be extrapolated to the real-world setting in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of vildagliptin add-on to metformin versus dual oral antidiabetes drug (OAD), non-vildagliptin combination therapies in real-world Chinese patients with T2DM. METHODS: The China Prospective Diabetes Study was a post-marketing, prospective, multicenter, observational, real-world study conducted in 52 centers. Patients inadequately controlled with OAD monotherapy and who initiated vildagliptin add-on to metformin (VM cohort) or two OADs other than vildagliptin (comparator cohort) were included for the present analysis. The composite primary endpoint was glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) < 7% and without tolerability events (hypoglycemia, weight gain ≥ 3%, or discontinuation due to gastrointestinal events) at 12 months. Secondary endpoints included change in HbA1c from baseline, subgroup analysis, and tolerability. Propensity score matching analysis was performed to adjust for baseline covariates imbalance (body mass index (BMI) and HbA1c). RESULTS: A total of 604 patients received VM and 670 received comparator therapy. Patients who received VM were younger, more obese, and had a higher baseline HbA1c and a shorter duration of T2DM. After propensity score matching, there were 530 patients per cohort. After 12-month treatment, the success rates of the composite primary endpoint were 50.9% and 33.0% in the VM and comparator cohorts, respectively (P < 0.001; odds ratio = 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.64-2.70). Furthermore, the success rates of the composite endpoint were higher with VM across geographic area, BMI, and baseline HbA1c subgroups. Fewer tolerability events occurred in the VM cohort versus the comparator cohort (8.3% vs. 16.2%, P < 0.001; relative risk = 0.51, 95% CI 0.36-0.72). CONCLUSION: Compared with dual OAD non-vildagliptin combination therapies, vildagliptin add-on to metformin is effective and safe to achieve glycemic control in Chinese patients with T2DM. FUNDING: Novartis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040822

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of PSMA in the differential diagnosis of adrenocortical carcinoma samples (ACCs) and adrenocortical adenoma samples (ACAs), to validate the prognostic role of PSMA in patients with ACCs, and to explore the possibility that this marker can differentiate localized ACCs from adrenal metastases from other sites. Methods: PSMA protein expression in tissue samples from 50 ACCs, 90 ACAs (including 20 from patients who presented with Cushing's syndrome, 20 aldosterone-producing adenomas and 50 non-functional tumors) and 10 tissues that were metastases from other primary sites was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The clinical and pathological characteristics were compared, the intensity and density were analyzed, and the prognostic role was evaluated. Results: The analysis of clinical and pathological features revealed that the size of ACCs was greater than that of benign tissues and the ACC patients were older than the ACA patients (p < 0.01). The percentage of PSMA-positive vessels, the mean intensity and the degree of staining density were found to be significantly lower in ACAs than in ACCs (p < 0.01). In these 140 samples, 60% of the ACCs were grouped in the positive category. The samples were negative for metastases that were from other primary sites. The ENSAT stage and Ki-67 were correlated with PSMA expression. The survival distribution revealed that high PSMA expression did not show any prognostic relevance in the current ACCs series. Those samples with a score of > 3.5 were 75 times more likely to be malignant (OR = 75). We established a cut-off score of 3.5 (p < 0.05), which had 46% sensitivity and 99% specificity. Paralleling PSMA and Ki-67 maximized the area under the curve, with 72% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusions: Our results strongly confirm that PSMA is helpful for distinguishing benign from malignant tumors and that its high expression levels correlate with a high ENSAT stage and high proliferation. The combination of PSMA and Ki-67 can be particularly useful. Furthermore, PSMA might be a useful tool for the identification of localized adrenal carcinoma and metastatic carcinoma.

8.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(10): 3080-3093, 2019 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118311

RESUMO

Gibberellin, a plant growth regulator, is widely used to increase the shelf life and quality of fruits and vegetables. In this study, human semen samples were exposed to different concentrations of gibberellin, which reduced spermatozoa motility in vitro. Gibberellin exposure also increased levels of reactive oxygen species and the protein levels of apoptosis markers in human sperm. Gibberellin inhibited the activity of Na+/K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) and Ca2+-ATPase, which maintain the stability of ions inside and outside the membranes of spermatozoa. Moreover, gibberellin exposure suppressed adenosine triphosphate production and reduced the protein levels of adenosine triphosphate synthases, which may have induced the protein expression of adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its phosphorylated form. These results suggest that gibberellin reduces human sperm motility in vitro by increasing reactive oxygen species levels and reducing ATPase activity, which may upregulate AMPK and consequently reduce the fertilization potential of spermatozoa.

9.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(8): 961-971, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent Cushing's syndrome (CS) is mostly due to unilateral tumors, with bilateral tumors rarely reported. Its common causes include primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia, and bilateral adrenocortical adenomas (BAAs) or carcinomas. BAAs causing ACTH-independent CS are rare; up to now, fewer than 40 BAA cases have been reported. The accurate diagnosis and evaluation of BAAs are critical for determining optimal treatment options. Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is a good way to diagnose ACTH-independent CS. CASE SUMMARY: A 31-year-old woman had a typical appearance of CS. The oral glucose tolerance test showed impaired glucose tolerance and obviously increased insulin and C-peptide levels. Her baseline serum cortisol and urine free cortisol were elevated and did not show either a circadian rhythm or suppression with dexamethasone administration. The peripheral 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin (DDVAP) stimulation test showed a delay of the peak level, which was 1.05 times as high as the baseline level. Bilateral AVS results suggested the possibility of BAAs. Abdominal computed tomography showed bilateral adrenal adenomas with atrophic adrenal glands (right: 3.1 cm × 2.0 cm × 1.9 cm; left: 2.2 cm × 1.9 cm × 2.1 cm). Magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary gland demonstrated normal findings. A left adenomectomy by retroperitoneoscopy was performed first, followed by resection of the right-side adrenal mass 3 mo later. Biopsy results of both adenomas showed cortical tumors. Evaluations of ACTH and cortisol showed a significant decrease after left adenomectomy but could still not be suppressed, and the circadian rhythm was absent. Following bilateral adenomectomy, this patient has been administered with prednisone until now, all of her symptoms were alleviated, and she had normal blood pressure without edema in either of her lower extremities. CONCLUSION: BAAs causing ACTH-independent CS are rare. AVS is of great significance for obtaining information on the functional state of BAAs before surgery.

10.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(2): 252-255, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To ivestigate the effect of daily walking number on clinical, inflammatory and nutritional indexes for patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: 90 non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease were selected and randomly divided equally into three groups, for groups A, B and C. 30 patients for group A were asked for the number of daily walk should less than 5 000 steps, while group B patients were asked for 5 000-9 999 steps of walk and group C for more than 10 000 steps. Basic treatments were given for each group of patients and basic information, clinical, inflammatory and nutritional datas of patients were collected. RESULTS: 87 patients with chronic kidney disease completed the study, with baseline data between group A, B, C (n=30, 29, 28) consistently. After 3 months of exercise, there were no significant changes on blood lipids, serum uric acid and parathyroid hormone (PTH) for three groups, with serum creatinine of three groups stably. However, in group C, hemoglobin, ferritin, transferrin saturation were found increased significantly (P<0.05). For nutritional indexes, increasing of albumin and prealbumin level were found in three groups, while significant differences were only found in group B and C (P<0.05) and group C increased most. There were no significant change on body mass index (BMI), upper arm skinfold thickness and SGA score in three groups. For inflammatory data, significant decrease of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were only seen in group C (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Walking does not increase the burden of the kidney, but can improve the nutrition and clinical indicators of patients, reduce inflammation.


Assuntos
Inflamação/terapia , Estado Nutricional , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Caminhada , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Diálise Renal , Ácido Úrico/sangue
11.
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci ; 1114-1115: 93-99, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939413

RESUMO

Characterization of free thiol variants in antibody therapeutics is important for biopharmaceutical development, as the presence of free thiols may have an impact on aggregate formation, structural and thermal stability, as well as antigen-binding potency of monoclonal antibodies. Most current methods for free thiol quantification involve labeling of free thiol groups by different tagging molecules followed by UV, fluorescence or mass spectrometry (MS) detection. Here, we optimized a label-free liquid chromatography (LC)-UV/MS method for free thiol quantification at a subunit level and compared this method with two orthogonal and conventional approaches, Ellman's assay and peptide mapping with differential alkylation. This subunit unit approach was demonstrated to be able to provide domain-specific free thiol quantification and comparable results with labeling approaches, using a relatively simple and efficient workflow.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/análise , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Compostos de Sulfidrila/análise , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Animais , Ácido Ditionitrobenzoico , Imunoglobulina G/análise , Imunoglobulina G/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Mapeamento de Peptídeos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
BMJ Open ; 9(1): e023334, 2019 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to summarise the features and trends of thyroid carcinoma in the past two decades in China. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Clinical data obtained from 10 798 patients treated by thyroidectomy from 1994 to 2015 at the Department of General Surgery of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China were retrospectively analysed. OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence and histopathological features of thyroid cancer were compared and the risk factors for local lymph node metastasis analysed. RESULTS: Our data indicated a significant increase in the detection of thyroid cancer (from 16.8% to 69.8%, p<0.01). Among the 5235 thyroid cancer cases, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) was the most common histotype, accounting for 95.1% of all malignancies over the 22-year period. Among the 4979 PTCs, micro-PTCs (mPTC) with the largest diameter ≤10 mm has gradually become the dominant form, and its percentage in PTCs has increased from 13.3% in the biennial period of 1994-1995 to 51.2% in 2010-2011. Furthermore, the size of the tumour has decreased significantly from 2.3±1.1 cm in 1994 to 1.2±0.9 cm in the largest diameter (p<0.01), while the average age at diagnosis and female dominance remained unchanged during the period. Logistic regression showed that tumour nodules>1 cm and male gender were the main risk factors for local lymph node metastasis (LNM), whereas patients over 45 years had lower risk. CONCLUSIONS: During the 22-year period, an increased detection of thyroid cancer, particularly mPTC, was found while the occurrence of LNM decreased. Our results suggest that the current preoperative diagnosis and risk stratification are adequate, supporting the published guidelines for the diagnosis of thyroid cancer.

13.
Anal Biochem ; 571: 25-36, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30653944

RESUMO

Monoclonal antibody (mAb), one of the major types of therapeutic proteins in the pharmaceutical industry, is predominantly manufactured using mammalian cell culture [1]. Oxidative stress, potentially present during cell culture process, may increase the protein carbonyl content in the mAb product, which was reported to positively correlate with aggregate burst rate during storage [2]. In order to monitor carbonyl content during mAb process development, we developed a high-throughput screening method for therapeutic mAbs using size-exclusion chromatography followed by ultraviolet and fluorescence detection (SEC-UV/FL), optimized from a fluorescein thiosemicarbazide (FTC) semi-microplate method. The method demonstrated a good correlation with conventional ELISA assay and FTC-based fluorometric semi-microplate method with improved throughput and precision. The method was successfully applied in three case studies to improve our understanding of mAb carbonylation, including the impact of metal-catalyzed oxidation on an IgG4 mAb, comparison of carbonyl content between several mAbs expressed by CHO cell culture with human serum antibody pool, as well as the surface charge property of carbonylated mAb assessed by ion-exchange chromatography.

14.
Biotechnol J ; 14(4): e1800352, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30485675

RESUMO

There is continual demand to maximize CHO cell culture productivity of a biotherapeutic while maintaining product quality. In this study, a comprehensive multi-omics analysis is performed to investigate the cellular response to the level of dosing of the amino acid cysteine (Cys) in the production of a monoclonal antibody (mAb). When Cys feed levels are insufficient, there is a significant decrease in protein titer. Multi-omics (metabolomics and proteomics, with support from RNAseq) is performed over the time course of the CHO bioprocess producing an IgG1 mAb in 5 L bioreactors. Pathway analysis reveals that insufficient levels of Cys in the feed lead to Cys depletion in the cell. This depletion negatively impacts antioxidant molecules, such as glutathione (GSH) and taurine, leading to oxidative stress with multiple deleterious cellular effects. In this paper, the resultant ER stress and subsequent apoptosis that affects cell viability and viable cell density has been considered. Key metabolic enzymes and metabolites are identified that can be potentially monitored as the process progresses and/or increased in the cell either by nutrient feeding or genetic engineering. This work reinforces the centrality of redox balance to cellular health and success of the bioprocess as well as the power of multi-omics to provide an in-depth understanding of the CHO cell biology during biopharmaceutical production.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/biossíntese , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Cisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos dos fármacos , Reatores Biológicos , Células CHO , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Cisteína/química , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/química , Imunoglobulina G/biossíntese , Imunoglobulina G/química , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteômica , Taurina/química
15.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 47(3): 187-193, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are very common. Ultrasound (US) and fine needle aspiration (FNA) are both integral in cancer screening. This study investigated the concordance between thyroid nodule sizes measured by US and gross pathologic examination and their relationship with malignancy. METHODS: A retrospective design was used to select consecutive patients with proven carcinoma of the thyroid. The number and maximum diameter of nodules, rates and types of malignancy, as well as predictors of malignancy were determined. RESULTS: The 10 944 patients examined had 15 283 thyroid nodules, 44.6% of which were malignant. Of the 4449 nodules sampled by FNA and the 8748 not sampled by FNA, 76.5% and 30.5% were malignant, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (NPVs), and overall accuracy of FNA based on final pathology were 97.9%, 96.3%, 98.8%, 93.5%, and 97.5%, respectively. Nodule sizes determined by US were comparable with most nodules having either the same size range (n = 2959, 77.7%) or differing only by one size range (n = 770, 20.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid nodule size is inversely related to malignancy risk, as larger nodules have lower malignancy rates. Nodule size estimated by US shows relatively good correlation with final pathologic size. However, thyroid nodules should undergo FNA regardless of size. If the FNA is not benign, nodule size should influence therapeutic decision making.


Assuntos
Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia
16.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 51(6): 2591-2603, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30562745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic inflammation contributes to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus by targeting the insulin receptor substrate protein-1 (IRS-1) signaling pathway. Previous studies showed that Leukemia related protein 16 (LRP16) reduced insulin stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes by impairing the IRS-1 signaling pathway. We explored the mechanism by which LRP16 promotes the inflammatory response. METHODS: We screened LRP16 induced proteins in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammatory response using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and analyzed the potential biological functions of these proteins using online bioinformatics tools. mRNA expression and protein expression of target genes were measured by real time PCR and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 390 differentially expressed proteins were identified. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway was the primary activated pathway in LRP16-expressing cells. Overexpression of LRP16 activated ERK1/2 and Rac1, which are two key players related to the MAPK signaling pathway. Furthermore, knock down of endogenous LRP16 by RNA interference (RNAi) reduced Rac1 expression, ERK activation, and inflammatory cytokine expression in human adipocytes stimulated by LPS. The stimulatory effect of LRP16 was diminished by suppressing Rac1 expression and treating the cells with the ERK specific inhibitor, PD98059. CONCLUSION: These findings revealed the functions of LRP16 in promoting the inflammatory response through activating the Rac1-MAPK1/ERK pathway in human adipocytes.


Assuntos
Inflamação/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/imunologia , Adipócitos , Linhagem Celular , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/imunologia , Humanos
17.
Front Neurol ; 9: 449, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29963005

RESUMO

Craniopharyngiomas and germinomas are both rare cranial tumors that most commonly present during childhood or adolescence. Although these tumors have different origins, their clinical and radiological features may be similar. In this article, we report the case of a 35-year female patient with clinical and radiological findings and increased human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that were consistent with a germinoma. However, pathological analysis revealed a craniopharyngioma. This case report indicates that HCG, which is regarded as a specific tumor marker for germinomas in the differential diagnosis of intracranial lesions, is also detectable in other kinds of suprasellar tumors, such as craniopharyngiomas.

18.
Oncol Lett ; 16(1): 1101-1106, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29963187

RESUMO

Angiogenic activity in solid tumors has been demonstrated to promote metastasis through the activation of certain proteins involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition-associated process. The molecular mechanism underlying multiple myeloma-induced angiogenesis involves angiogenic cytokines by plasma cells as well as their induction within the microenvironment. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a highly evolutionarily conserved intracellular protein that was originally identified as an integrin-interacting protein, and extensive genetic and biochemical studies have identified ILK expression to be vital during tumor-driven angiogenesis. In the present study, it was identified that angiogenic factors were upregulated in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that were co-cultured with multiple myeloma cell lines. It was also revealed that upregulated ILK expression significantly promoted the capillary-formation ability of MSCs. The concentrations of angiogenic factors were significantly decreased compared with non-targeting siRNA-transfected and control MSCs. MSCs may participate in inducing the angiogenic response in multiple myeloma depending on ILK expression.

19.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(7): 760, 2018 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29988034

RESUMO

Progressive pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction is recognized as a fundamental pathology of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been identified in protection of islets function in T2D individuals. However, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. It is widely accepted that ß-cell dysfunction is closely related to improper accumulation of macrophages in the islets, and a series of reports suggest that MSCs possess great immunomodulatory properties by which they could elicit macrophages into an anti-inflammatory M2 state. In this study, we induced a T2D mouse model with a combination of high-fat diet (HFD) and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ), and then performed human umbilical cord-derived MSCs (hUC-MSCs) infusion to investigate whether the effect of MSCs on islets protection was related to regulation on macrophages in pancreatic islets. hUC-MSCs infusion exerted anti-diabetic effects and significantly promoted islets recovery in T2D mice. Interestingly, pancreatic inflammation was remarkably suppressed, and local M1 macrophages were directed toward an anti-inflammatory M2-like state after hUC-MSC infusion. In vitro study also proved that hUC-MSCs inhibited the activation of the M1 phenotype and induced the generation of the M2 phenotype in isolated mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), peritoneal macrophages (PMs) and in THP-1 cells. Further analysis showed that M1-stimulated hUC-MSCs increased the secretion of interleukin (IL)-6, blocking which by small interfering RNA (siRNA) largely abrogated the hUC-MSCs effects on macrophages both in vitro and in vivo, resulting in dampened restoration of ß-cell function and glucose homeostasis in T2D mice. In addition, MCP-1 was found to work in accordance with IL-6 in directing macrophage polarization from M1 to M2 state. These data may provide new clues for searching for the target of ß-cell protection. Furthermore, hUC-MSCs may be a superior alternative in treating T2D for their macrophage polarization effects.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/patologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Cordão Umbilical/citologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células THP-1
20.
Anal Biochem ; 555: 22-25, 2018 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29890127

RESUMO

A simple and rapid identity test of adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotypes is important for supporting the AAV gene therapy development, as it relates to its efficacy and safety. The current mass spectrometry-based identity tests require extensive sample preparation steps, relatively large sample quantities and long analysis time. Herein, we describe a simple and novel microfluidic ZipChip CE/MS method used to characterize AAV capsid proteins. The three capsid proteins of AAV2 were separated and identified within 4 min using 5 nL of sample directly from a polysorbate-containing formulation buffer. This rapid method can be suitable to confirm AAV serotype identity.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/análise , Dependovirus , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA